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Singh Katherine A KA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. - - 2010
To estimate whether neonates of African-American women have lower birth weights because of either decreased lean body mass or fat mass. A secondary analysis of a cohort of 104 African-American and 274 Caucasian term, singleton, healthy pregnancies. Women with existing or gestational diabetes were excluded. Neonatal body composition was estimated ...
Kominiarek M A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient knowledge of the risks of maternal obesity and compare knowledge between non-obese and obese women. STUDY DESIGN: A face-to-face survey was administered to 105 women at their first prenatal visit. The survey assessed their knowledge of obesity-related risks during pregnancy, weight history and goals and health ...
Crozier Sarah R SR MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, United - - 2010
Intrauterine life may be a critical period for the programming of later obesity, but there is conflicting evidence about whether pregnancy weight gain is an important determinant of offspring adiposity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of pregnancy weight gain with neonatal and childhood body composition. ...
Freathy Rachel M RM Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter, - - 2010
To identify genetic variants associated with birth weight, we meta-analyzed six genome-wide association (GWA) studies (n = 10,623 Europeans from pregnancy/birth cohorts) and followed up two lead signals in 13 replication studies (n = 27,591). rs900400 near LEKR1 and CCNL1 (P = 2 x 10(-35)) and rs9883204 in ADCY5 (P ...
Stotland Naomi E - - 2010
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is becoming more common and is associated with many adverse maternal and infant outcomes. There is a paucity of data on how weight gain counseling is actually provided in prenatal care settings. Our objective was to study prenatal care providers and their knowledge, attitudes, and ...
McGowan Ciara A - - 2010
Infant birth weight has increased in Ireland in recent years along with levels of childhood overweight and obesity. The present article reviews the current literature on maternal glycaemia and the role of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and its impact on pregnancy outcomes. It is known that maternal weight and ...
Mamun Abdullah A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The contribution of gestational weight gain (GWG) to the development of obesity may have important implications for mothers in their later lives. However, whether GWG is a strong predictor of body mass index (BMI) 2 decades after the index pregnancy is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined the long-term effect of ...
Papastefanou Ioannis - - 2010
To determine the connection between maternal first trimester serum leptin levels and newborn weight. The study included 37 preeclamptic women and 53 normotensive women who considered the control group. Maternal blood samples were withdrawn at 13 weeks of gestation for the measurement of leptin concentrations. Birth weights were transformed to ...
Madsen Christian - - 2010
Environmental exposure during pregnancy may have lifelong health consequences for the offspring and some studies have association between maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and offspring's birth weight. However, many of these studies do not take into account small-scale variations in exposure, residential mobility, and work addresses during pregnancy. ...
Vesco Kimberly K - - 2010
Background: The prevalence of obesity among reproductive age women has increased significantly. The goal of this analysis was to determine whether gestational weight gain above the Institute of Medicine recommendation for obese women (at least 15 pounds [lbs] for term pregnancy) is predictive of postpartum weight retention at one-year. Methods: ...
Valsamakis Georgios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Maternal weight in pregnancy contributes to a glycemic environment that affects fetal growth. Gut peptides (glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), ghrelin, and peptide YY (PYY)) have been related to insulin sensitivity and secretion, weight control, and adipose tissue metabolism. This study aimed at examining the associations ...
Coall David A - - 2010
The association between a woman's age at menarche and the birth weight of her children is highly variable across human populations. Life history theory proposes that a woman's early environment may moderate this association and thus account for some of the variation between populations. According to one life history theory ...
Ashrafganjooei T - - 2010
Accurate prenatal estimation of birth weight is useful in the management of labour and delivery. This study compared the accuracy of ultrasound, clinical and maternal estimates of fetal weight in 246 parous women with singleton, term pregnancies admitted for scheduled caesarean section. The sensitivity and specificity of predicting birth weight ...
Dimov Mina - - 2010
Pregnancy may stress calcium economy in women through fetal calcium requirements, and increasing maternal body weight. Bone is stimulated by compression forces. Playing tennis may decrease bone resorption through intermittent mechanical loading. This study tests the thesis that maternal bone mineral changes during pregnancy in women who play tennis are ...
Al-Bayyari Nahla Subhi - - 2010
Estimated intrauterine fetal weight (EIUFW) is important for reducing prenatal mortality and morbidity through early detection of faltering growth. Our objectives were to develop patterns of ultrasonically determined EIUFW by gestational age, for normal singleton pregnancies, and to assess the effect of a number of variables on EIUFW. Ultrasonically, EIUFW ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2010
Prepregnancy BMI is a widely used marker of maternal nutritional status that relies on maternal self-report of prepregnancy weight and height. Pregravid BMI has been associated with adverse health outcomes for the mother and infant, but the impact of BMI misclassification on measures of effect has not been quantified. The ...
Barbosa-Ferreira Marcos - - 2011
Senna occidentalis is a weed toxic to different animal species. Very little is known about the effects of prolonged exposure to low doses of S. occidentalis on developmental toxicology. Thus, the present study proposes an approach to evaluate the perinatal toxicity of S. occidentalis seeds in goats. Twenty-one pregnant goats ...
Weisman Carol S CS Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. - - 2010
We examined preconception (prepregnancy) predictors of pregnancy weight gain and weight gain that exceeds the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations based on pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), in a prospective study. Data are from a population-based cohort study of 1,420 women who were interviewed at baseline and 2 years ...
Bawadi Hiba A - - 2010
Adequate and balanced nutrition during gestation is essential for achieving healthy pregnancy outcomes. This retrospective survey tested the hypothesis that maternal nutrition (macronutrients intake, micronutrients intake, and weight gain) during gestation will impact gestational outcomes (gestational age, birth weight, and labor spontaneity). The objectives of this study were to test ...
Rond? Patricia Helen Carvalho - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between cortisol concentrations in the last trimester of pregnancy and systemic vascular resistance - SVR in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is part of a cohort involving 130 Brazilian pregnant women and their children, ages 5 to 7years. Maternal cortisol was determined in saliva ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2010
To determine the effect of a Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) for overweight (OW) and obese (OB) pregnant women on pregnancy weight gain, birth weight, and maternal weight retention at 2 months postpartum. This is a single-arm intervention matched by prepregnant body mass index, age, and parity to ...
Karadag-Saygi Evrim E Marmara University Hospital, Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, Altunizade-Uskudar, Istanbul, 34000, Turkey. - - 2010
Back and foot pain are common complaints during pregnancy. Progression of symptoms is seen especially in the third trimester as the center of gravity (COP) is altered due to weight gain. The aim of the study was to evaluate plantar pressure changes and postural balance differences of pregnant women. Thirty-five ...
Hoopmann M - - 2010
PURPOSE: In addition to gestational age, fetal weight is an important predictive parameter for neonatal morbidity and mortality in very small fetuses. In order to improve weight estimation, specific weight formulas for fetuses under 1500 g have been introduced by several authors. The aim of the present study was therefore ...
Hart N C - - 2010
To develop and test a specific formula for estimating weight in the macrosomic fetus. Ultrasound estimations of fetal weight were carried out within 1 week of delivery in 424 singleton fetuses with a birth weight of > or = 4000 g. Exclusion criteria were multiple pregnancy, intrauterine death and major ...
Ganesh Kumar S - - 2010
A Case-control study was conducted in District Lady Goschen hospital, Dakshina Kannada district, Southern Karnataka. Subjects were mothers who underwent normal delivery and their neonates. A total of 150 cases and 300 controls were selected. Significant risk factors identified in univariate analysis included pre pregnancy maternal weight (<45 kgs)(OR=6.77), anaemia ...
Ahlsson Fredrik - - 2010
During the last decades the number of large for gestational age infants delivered by nondiabetic mothers has increased. Our aim was to investigate to what extent fetal growth in nondiabetic pregnant women can be explained by rates of maternal energy substrate production and resting energy expenditure. Twenty nonsmoking pregnant women ...
Kehl Sven - - 2010
Purpose: In modern obstetric management, accurate estimation of fetal weight is an important prognostic parameter of neonatal morbidity and mortality, and a valuable tool for determining further treatment. Fetal abdominal measurements, mostly abdominal circumference (AC), are not only included in the majority of commonly used weight equations, but also have ...
Morisset Anne-Sophie - - 2010
Entering pregnancy with overweight, obesity or gaining excessive gestational weight could increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with negative consequences for both the mother and the offspring. The objective of this article was to review scientific evidence regarding the association between obesity and GDM, and ...
Artal Raul - - 2010
Excessive gestational weight gain and obesity have been recognized as independent risk factors for maternal and fetal complications of pregnancy with significant lifelong consequences. These associations call into question the recently released Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain recommendations, particularly for obese women. The IOM recommendation of a single ...
Francia-Farje Luis Alberto Domingo - - 2010
It is well established that sibutramine produces weight loss and is used frequently in women of childbearing age. However, the potential adverse consequences attributed to sibutramine use by women who may become pregnant is not known. It was thus of interest to determine the effects of sibutramine on the reproductive ...
Walsh Jennifer - - 2010
Maternal weight and maternal weight gain during pregnancy exert a significant influence on infant birth weight and the incidence of macrosomia. Fetal macrosomia is associated with an increase in both adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome, and also confers a future risk of childhood obesity. Studies have shown that a low ...
Laura Helen C - - 2010
We investigated the association between maternal anthropometric measurements in prepregnancy and at the end of pregnancy and their children's systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure at 11 years of age, in a prospective cohort study. All hospital births which took place in 1993 in the city of Pelotas-Brazil, were ...
Jedrychowski Wieslaw - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess a hypothesized beneficial effect of fish consumption during the last trimester of pregnancy on adverse birth outcomes resulting from prenatal exposure to fine air particulate matter. The cohort consisted of 481 nonsmoking women with singleton pregnancies, of 18-35 years of age, who ...
Cohen Tamara R - - 2010
Canadian recommendations exist for energy intake (EI), physical activity (PA) and gestational weight gain (GWG) to help pregnant women avoid excessive GWG and attain "fit pregnancies". Our objectives were: 1) to measure daily EI, PA and GWG to observe whether pregnant women were meeting recommendations, 2) to explore the impact ...
Briese Volker - - 2010
In perinatal medicine, severe obesity of the mother occurs in approximately 1% of cases. This is a problem of increasing importance because of the rising prevalence of juvenile obesity. Our retrospective cohort study aimed at characterising high-risk pregnancies associated with morbid obesity (body mass index [BMI]> or =40). This is ...
Ayrım Aylin - - 2011
Hormonal and physical changes during pregnancy are associated with some sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) such as snoring and sleep apnea, and SRBD are associated with recurrent episodes of oxyhemoglobin desaturation and increased sympathic activity. We aimed to search the incidence of self-reported snoring and witnessed apnea in the third trimester ...
Talai Rad Neda - - 2011
This prospective study was carried out in order to investigate changes in nutritional intake during pregnancy with regard to caloric intake and macronutrient composition in normal-weight pregnant women. Using food scales, 32 healthy pregnant women estimated their food intake over a period of 2 days at gestational week 16, 22, 30, ...
Gatford K L - - 2010
Piglet neonatal survival and postnatal growth and efficiency are positively related to birth weight. In gilts, daily maternal porcine ST (pST) injections from d 25 to 100 (term approximately 115 d), but not d 25 to 50, of pregnancy increase progeny birth weight. Daily maternal pST injections from d 25 ...
Chen Zhenyu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To look for associations between pregnancy outcomes and prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain among Han women from Shenyang province, China. METHOD: A total of 2586 women were distributed across 4 prepregnancy categories according to the Chinese classification of body mass index, and to 4 end-of-pregnancy categories ...
Shirazian Taraneh - - 2010
We assessed the impact of a lifestyle modification program (LMP) on weight gain in pregnancy and evaluated its effect on adverse pregnancy outcomes. A prospective matched controlled study design was employed. Inclusion criteria consisted of pregnant women with singleton gestations and body mass index (BMI) > or = 30 without ...
Guelinckx Isabelle - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are major short- and long-term risk factors for maternal and fetal complications. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study whether a lifestyle intervention based on a brochure or on active education can improve dietary habits, increase physical activity (PA), and reduce GWG ...
Shirazian Taraneh - - 2009
Obesity in pregnancy (pregravid body mass > or =30) has been linked to several adverse pregnancy outcomes, including spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, fetal macrosomia, cesarean delivery, and wound complications post-cesarean section. Intrapartum and postpartum management of obese gravidas requires multidisciplinary consultations between obstetricians, anesthesiologists, nurses, and pediatricians in order ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2009
How much weight women gain during pregnancy, and their weight at conception, can affect their health and that of their babies.
Lyu Li-Ching - - 2009
Excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention are risk factors for female obesity. The present study was to examine dietary intakes and weight history from a prospective follow-up study from early pregnancy to 1 year postpartum. A total of 151 pregnant women within 20 weeks of pregnancy in Taipei, ...
Shaikh H - - 2010
The prevalence of obesity is high and rising worldwide. The greatest prevalence of obesity is found in the western world and in urban developing countries. There is an increased maternal mortality associated with maternal obesity. There are increased risks of most maternal complications in pregnancy including pre-eclampsia, gestational and pre-existing ...
Latva-Pukkila U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nutrition during pregnancy is important for the health of both mother and infant. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) may alter food intake but the dietary and clinical consequences of NVP are poorly understood. The present study aimed to identify the differences in dietary intakes and clinical characteristics of ...
Hellwig Kerstin - - 2010
Little is known about the influence of immunomodulation on parenthood, in particular paternity in multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective was to determine whether there is an increased risk for pregnancies initiated by MS-parents under disease modifying therapies (DMT). We investigated the clinical outcome of pregnancies fathered by MS-patients under DMT ...
Sapre Nikhil - - 2009
AIM: To examine the course of pregnancy, labour, and the neonatal period in a group of women who have become pregnant following gastric bypass surgery for severe obesity. METHODS: Women who had experienced pregnancy following gastric bypass surgery were identified by an initial questionnaire. A second questionnaire was sent to ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2009
PURPOSE:: To determine the effect of a Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) for overweight and obese pregnant women on pregnancy weight gain, birth weight, and maternal weight retention at 2 months postpartum. METHODS:: This is a single-arm intervention matched by pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI), age, and parity ...
Guelinckx I - - 2010
AIM: To generate reference charts for weight gain during pregnancy for the different BMI categories (underweight, normal weight, overweight, obesity), based on recent data in a homogeneous, Caucasian, low-risk obstetric population. METHODS: Weight gain and prepregnancy BMI were retrospectively gathered from 605 pregnant Belgian women with accurately dateable, uncomplicated singleton ...
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