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Results 51 - 100 of 1577
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Gould Rothberg Bonnie E - - 2011
Document weight change trajectories that lead to gestational weight gain or postpartum weight loss outside clinical recommendations established by the Institute of Medicine. Women aged 14-25 receiving prenatal care and delivering singleton infants at term (n = 427). Medical record review and 4 structured interviews conducted: second and third trimester, ...
L'Abée Carianne - - 2011
To determine parental, especially paternal factors associated with the weight of the placenta and offspring. This population-based birth-cohort study includes 2947 singleton children born from April 2006 to 2007 and living in Drenthe, The Netherlands. Placental weight and birth weight were measured and questionnaires were filled out for this cohort. ...
- - 2010
Methotrexate is a cytotoxic and immunosuppressant drug mainly used in oncology and rheumatology. It is sometimes used at high doses to treat unruptured ectopic pregnancy. Methotrexate is teratogenic. Malformations reported after exposure in utero include: abnormalities of the skull and face, limb defects, failure of ossification, and congenital cardiopathy.The risk ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2010
To investigate relationship between glycemic control in first half of pregnancy by measuring mid-pregnancy HbA1c and neonatal birth weight and amniotic fluid volume. We prospectively enrolled 220 pregnant women who received oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after positive gestational diabetes mellitus screening. We included 102 women with normal OGTT results ...
Ronnberg A K - - 2010
  Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is common in developed countries and increases the risk of complications during pregnancy, delivery and the postpartum period, which can affect both maternal and fetal outcome. Interventions to reduce excessive gestational weight gain have previously not been systematically evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations, ...
Andersen Camilla Schou - - 2011
Abstract Objective. We investigated how average weekly gestational weight gain rates during three periods of pregnancy were related to the offspring's body mass index (BMI) at 7 years of age. Methods. We used data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Information from pregnancy interviews conducted between week 12-20 (Interview 1) ...
Mostello Dorothea - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether the risk of recurrent preeclampsia is affected by interpregnancy change in body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using Missouri maternally linked birth certificates for 17,773 women whose first pregnancies were complicated by preeclampsia. The women were placed into three groups: those ...
Zlotogora Joël - - 2010
Ultrasound examination of the fetus enables diagnosis of many major malformations during pregnancy, providing the possibility to consider termination of the pregnancy. As a result, in many cases the incidence of malformations at birth does not represent their true incidence. To determine the impact of prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy termination ...
Chin Jeanette R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) in a woman's first and second pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 27,771 women with their first and second births in North Carolina's Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System database from ...
Su Chi-Feng - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop a mathematical equation to predict the birth weight during the second trimester at 20-24 weeks of gestation. In a university hospital, 110 healthy pregnant women were eligible for inclusion at 20-24 weeks of gestation. We recorded the maternal weight (pre-pregnancy, mid-pregnancy, and ...
Lapolla Annunziata - - 2010
Increasing numbers of pregnancies are seen in obese women treated surgically with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). We compared their maternal and fetal outcomes with obese women without LAGB and normal-weight controls. Sixty-nine obese women with LAGB (83 pregnancies) were compared with 120 obese women without LAGB and 858 controls. ...
Han Y S - - 2011
We examined the relationships between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), pregnancy outcomes and biochemical markers. This study was conducted as a cross-sectional analysis. Korean women in their second and third trimesters of pregnancy were recruited at two hospitals in the metropolitan Seoul area. Pre-pregnancy BMI was categorized in four ...
Hogan Jennifer L - - 2011
Objective. The accurate measurement of blood pressure requires the use of a large cuff in subjects with a high mid-arm circumference (MAC). This prospective study examined the need for a large cuff during pregnancy and its correlation with maternal obesity. Methods. Maternal body mass index (BMI), fat mass, and MAC ...
Wesnes Stian Langeland - - 2010
Weight gain during pregnancy may contribute to increased urinary incontinence (UI) during and after pregnancy, but scientific support is lacking. The effect of weight loss on UI postpartum is unclear. From 1999 to 2006, investigators in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study recruited pregnant women during pregnancy. This study ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2011
Maternal obesity influences a number of metabolic factors that can affect the course of pregnancy. Among these factors, leptin plays an important role in energy metabolism and fetal development during pregnancy. Our objective was to estimate the influence of maternal overweight/obesity on variation in the maternal serum leptin profile during ...
Reynolds R M - - 2010
The prevalence of obesity among women of childbearing age is increasing. Emerging evidence suggests that this has long-term adverse influences on offspring health. The aim was to examine whether maternal body composition and gestational weight gain have persisting effects on offspring adiposity in early adulthood. The Motherwell birth cohort study ...
Savitz David A DA Disease Prevention and Public Health Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2011
The obesity epidemic raises concerns about the impact of excessive and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy. We examined the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and preterm birth, term small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA and LGA), term birthweight, and term primary Cesarean delivery, considering prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and ethnicity ...
Ludwig David S - - 2010
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy seems to increase birthweight and the offspring's risk of obesity later in life. However, this association might be confounded by genetic and other shared effects. We aimed to examine the association between maternal weight gain and birthweight using state-based birth registry data that allowed us ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2010
The goals of our study were (1) to estimate the trends in maternal weight gain patterns and (2) to estimate the influence of variation in maternal weight and rate of weight gain over different time periods in gestation on variation in birth weight in African-American and non-African-American gravidas. Data from ...
Hoving L L - - 2010
An impaired reproductive performance in second parity compared to first parity sows, decreases reproductive efficiency and, perhaps, longevity of sows. This study aims to quantify the effect of live weight development and reproduction in first parity on reproductive performance of second parity sows, i.e. pregnancy rate as well as litter ...
Østbye Truls - - 2010
Pregnancy-related weight retention can contribute to obesity, and breastfeeding may facilitate postpartum weight loss. We investigated the effect of breastfeeding on long-term postpartum weight retention. Using data from the North Carolina Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC; 1996-2004), weight retention was assessed in women aged 18 ...
Riskin-Mashiah Shlomit - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the associations between pregestational BMI and weight gain during pregnancy and the risk for maternal hyperglycemia. Methods. The charts of all patients who delivered at our hospital between June 2001 and June 2006 were reviewed. Maternal hyperglycemia categories were defined as GDM (by the Carpenter and Coustan criteria); Impaired ...
Tsigga Maria - - 2011
To assess differences in the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) during pregnancy with the pre-gravid and gravid weight status of women. Cross-sectional. Athens, Greece. One hundred pregnant women, inhabitants of Athens. The mean raw HEI score of the sample was 66·9 (sd 7·6) and the mean HEI adjusted for energy intake ...
Ka┼łková S - - 2010
RhD-positive subjects are protected against toxoplasmosis-associated impairment of psychomotor performance. Here we searched for RhD-positivity-associated maternal protection against the effects of toxoplasmosis. In the present retrospective cohort study, we analysed data from 785 (139 RhD-negative) Toxoplasma-free and 194 (27 RhD-negative) Toxoplasma-infected pregnant women. We searched for effects of toxoplasmosis and ...
Dávila R Daniela - - 2010
This prospective study was designed to determine whether variation in angiogenic (placental growth factor [PlGF]) and/or anti-angiogenic (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase [sFlt-1]) factors contribute to the protective effect of highland ancestry (Andean) from altitude-associated reductions in fetal growth. Plasma sFlt-1 and PlGF levels, uterine artery (UA) blood flow, and fetal ...
Fattah Chro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on weight gain in pregnancy suggested that maternal weight on average increased by 0.5-2.0 kg in the first trimester of pregnancy. This study examined whether mean maternal weight or body composition changes in the first trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. POPULATION: We studied 1,000 Caucasian ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2010
To examine the effect of maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity on gestational age-dependent variation in lipid levels during pregnancy. Women between 6 and 10 weeks of gestation who carry a single, live intrauterine pregnancy were eligible to participate in a prospective pregnancy study (N=142). The exposure, maternal prepregnancy body mass ...
Kumar A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Understanding the effect of maternal parameters on obstetric outcome has public health importance because these indicators are associated with infant health and survival and influence development and health in later life. AIM: To determine the effects of various maternal indicators on pregnancy outcome in north-Indian women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether the weight gain recommendations for twin pregnancies in the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines are associated with improved perinatal outcomes. METHODS: A cohort of 297 twin pregnancies was identified from a single practice with measured prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy. ...
Lampl Michelle - - 2010
Sex differences in fetal growth have been reported, but how this happens remains to be described. It is unknown if fetal growth rates, a reflection of genetic and environmental factors, express sexually dimorphic sensitivity to the mother herself. This analysis investigated homogeneity of male and female growth responses to maternal ...
Ronnberg Ak - - 2010
Please cite this paper as: Ronnberg A, Nilsson K. Interventions during pregnancy to reduce excessive gestational weight gain: a systematic review assessing current clinical evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. BJOG 2010; Background Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is common in developed countries and ...
Shah Divya K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery is the most reliable way to sustain weight loss in the morbidly obese. Reproductive age women comprise the majority of bariatric patients, and many may be interested in conceiving after surgery. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the recent literature on bariatric surgery ...
Kominiarek Michelle A - - 2010
The incidence of obesity is increasing rapidly, and it affects a greater proportion of women than men. Unfortunately, obesity has a negative impact on women's reproductive health, including increased adverse perinatal outcomes. Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is performed in many hospitals, and can allow for significant ...
Munim Shama - - 2010
To assess and validate the best model for fetal weight estimation in the Pakistani population. The cohort included 178 women with singleton pregnancies at term (37-41 weeks) who had an ultrasound scan within 7 days of delivery. A proportionality formula was used to compensate for the fetal weight gain between ...
Lindholm Elisabeth Storck - - 2010
We evaluated an intervention program to control pregnancy weight gain among obese women with body mass index > 30 by a dietary and physical activity program. Maternal weight gain and pregnancy outcome were evaluated. Of 27 obese women, 25 (92%) completed the study. Mean age at entry to the program ...
Pallua Norbert - - 2010
The umbilicus is an important aesthetic feature of the abdomen and thus calls for an optimized reinsertation technique. Localization and characteristics of the umbilicus were assessed in 137 adults. In addition, age, height, weight, pregnancy, and gender were recorded. Each participant reviewed his own photographs while the authors reviewed all ...
Lowell Hélène H Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9. - - 2010
The 2006 Maternity Experiences Survey provides information about women's weight before, during and after pregnancy. Using these data, this study assessed Canadian women's adherence to the 1999 gestational weight gain guidelines. Women with a higher pre-pregnancy body mass index were more likely than normal or underweight women to gain more ...
Tanner Richard - - 2010
This article presents birth weight outcome data for 200 pregnancies at the Indiana Women's Prison (IWP) over the last 4 years. Overall, 5.5% of the pregnancies at IWP had low birth weight outcomes. The rate was only 2% for women who were incarcerated for more than 4 weeks and got ...
Olausson Hanna - - 2010
Maternal nutritional status, e.g. body weight and composition, is associated with fetal growth. It has been suggested that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system may be a mediator of this relationship. In twenty-three healthy Swedish women, we studied (1) the relationships before and during pregnancy between maternal serum concentrations of ...
Catalano Patrick M - - 2010
There has been a significant increase over the past few decades in the number of reproductive age women who are either overweight or obese. Overweight and obese women are at increased risk for having decreased insulin sensitivity as compared with lean or average weight women. The combination of obesity and ...
Manuel-Apolinar Leticia - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological associations between an adverse intrauterine environment and the induction of obesity in adult life led to the concept of fetal programming whereby an unfavorable prenatal environment induces adaptations that improve fetal survival or prepare the fetus in expectation of a particular range of postnatal environments. However, ...
Singh Katherine A - - 2010
To estimate whether neonates of African-American women have lower birth weights because of either decreased lean body mass or fat mass. A secondary analysis of a cohort of 104 African-American and 274 Caucasian term, singleton, healthy pregnancies. Women with existing or gestational diabetes were excluded. Neonatal body composition was estimated ...
Drehmer Michele - - 2010
In order to describe adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy and its association with pre-pregnancy nutritional status and other factors, a cohort study of pregnant women enrolled at 16-36 weeks of gestation and followed up until delivery was carried out in prenatal care in primary care services in Rio Grande ...
Kominiarek M A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient knowledge of the risks of maternal obesity and compare knowledge between non-obese and obese women. STUDY DESIGN: A face-to-face survey was administered to 105 women at their first prenatal visit. The survey assessed their knowledge of obesity-related risks during pregnancy, weight history and goals and health ...
Crozier Sarah R SR MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, United - - 2010
Intrauterine life may be a critical period for the programming of later obesity, but there is conflicting evidence about whether pregnancy weight gain is an important determinant of offspring adiposity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of pregnancy weight gain with neonatal and childhood body composition. ...
Freathy Rachel M RM Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter, - - 2010
To identify genetic variants associated with birth weight, we meta-analyzed six genome-wide association (GWA) studies (n = 10,623 Europeans from pregnancy/birth cohorts) and followed up two lead signals in 13 replication studies (n = 27,591). rs900400 near LEKR1 and CCNL1 (P = 2 x 10(-35)) and rs9883204 in ADCY5 (P ...
Stotland Naomi E - - 2010
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is becoming more common and is associated with many adverse maternal and infant outcomes. There is a paucity of data on how weight gain counseling is actually provided in prenatal care settings. Our objective was to study prenatal care providers and their knowledge, attitudes, and ...
McGowan Ciara A - - 2010
Infant birth weight has increased in Ireland in recent years along with levels of childhood overweight and obesity. The present article reviews the current literature on maternal glycaemia and the role of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and its impact on pregnancy outcomes. It is known that maternal weight and ...
Mamun Abdullah A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The contribution of gestational weight gain (GWG) to the development of obesity may have important implications for mothers in their later lives. However, whether GWG is a strong predictor of body mass index (BMI) 2 decades after the index pregnancy is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined the long-term effect of ...
Papastefanou Ioannis - - 2010
To determine the connection between maternal first trimester serum leptin levels and newborn weight. The study included 37 preeclamptic women and 53 normotensive women who considered the control group. Maternal blood samples were withdrawn at 13 weeks of gestation for the measurement of leptin concentrations. Birth weights were transformed to ...
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