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Magann Everett F - - 2011
To determine if the best predictor of pregnancy complications is pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) alone or in combination with other factors. BMI and peripartum outcomes of singleton pregnancies were evaluated. Recursive partitioning and logistic regression modeling was used. Of the 4,286 cohorts, 26% were obese (BMI >30 kg/m(2)) and, compared ...
Lee C-F - - 2011
Objective:There is a lack of comprehensive understanding about patterns of weight change from pregnancy to childbirth and beyond. We describe the trajectory of weight change pattern from pre-pregnancy to 6 months postpartum and examine demographical and perinatal variables that predict the weight change using the latent growth model (LGM).Design and ...
Beyerlein Andreas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk for pregnancy outcomes by gestational weight gain with the Institute of Medicine criteria and empirically established average ranges of gestational weight gain. METHODS: In a population-based data set comprising 678,560 singleton deliveries in Bavarian obstetric units from 2000 to 2007, we calculated the prevalence of ...
Santulli Pietro - - 2010
The objective of this study was to analyze obstetrical and neonatal outcomes following Roux en Y Gastric Bypass procedures (RYGBP). A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a single French tertiary perinatal care and bariatric center. The study involved 24 pregnancies, following RYGBP (exposed group) and two different control groups ...
Khan Faisel - - 2010
In 50 normotensive pregnancies, we examined the relationship between fetal growth, arterial wave reflection, and microvascular function at 22, 34 weeks gestation, and six weeks postpartum. Arterial wave reflection was determined by measuring augmentation index (AIx). Changes in skin microcirculation to acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were assessed using ...
Tovar Alison A Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2010
Pregnancy weight gain may be a risk factor for the development of obesity highlighting the importance of identifying psychosocial risk factors for pregnancy weight gain. The goal of this qualitative pilot study was to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding weight gain during pregnancy among predominantly Puerto Rican women, a ...
Cunningham Solveig Argeseanu SA Hubert Departmentof Global Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2010
Birth weight is an indicator of prenatal development associated with health in infancy and childhood, and may be affected by the family environment experienced by the mother during pregnancy. Using data from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, we explore the importance of the mother's access to the father and grandparents of the ...
Almog B - - 2011
To establish updated placental percentile nomograms in a large North American population for singleton and twin gestations for the use of researchers and clinicians. Data was extracted from our computerized registry; McGill Obstetrics and Neonatal Database (MOND). The registry includes all the obstetrical data on all deliveries at the McGillUniversity, ...
Gould Rothberg Bonnie E BE Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, - - 2011
Document weight change trajectories that lead to gestational weight gain or postpartum weight loss outside clinical recommendations established by the Institute of Medicine. Women aged 14-25 receiving prenatal care and delivering singleton infants at term (n = 427). Medical record review and 4 structured interviews conducted: second and third trimester, ...
L'Abée Carianne - - 2011
To determine parental, especially paternal factors associated with the weight of the placenta and offspring. This population-based birth-cohort study includes 2947 singleton children born from April 2006 to 2007 and living in Drenthe, The Netherlands. Placental weight and birth weight were measured and questionnaires were filled out for this cohort. ...
- - 2010
Methotrexate is a cytotoxic and immunosuppressant drug mainly used in oncology and rheumatology. It is sometimes used at high doses to treat unruptured ectopic pregnancy. Methotrexate is teratogenic. Malformations reported after exposure in utero include: abnormalities of the skull and face, limb defects, failure of ossification, and congenital cardiopathy.The risk ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2010
To investigate relationship between glycemic control in first half of pregnancy by measuring mid-pregnancy HbA1c and neonatal birth weight and amniotic fluid volume. We prospectively enrolled 220 pregnant women who received oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after positive gestational diabetes mellitus screening. We included 102 women with normal OGTT results ...
Ronnberg A K - - 2010
  Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is common in developed countries and increases the risk of complications during pregnancy, delivery and the postpartum period, which can affect both maternal and fetal outcome. Interventions to reduce excessive gestational weight gain have previously not been systematically evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations, ...
Andersen Camilla Schou - - 2011
Abstract Objective. We investigated how average weekly gestational weight gain rates during three periods of pregnancy were related to the offspring's body mass index (BMI) at 7 years of age. Methods. We used data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Information from pregnancy interviews conducted between week 12-20 (Interview 1) ...
Mostello Dorothea - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether the risk of recurrent preeclampsia is affected by interpregnancy change in body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using Missouri maternally linked birth certificates for 17,773 women whose first pregnancies were complicated by preeclampsia. The women were placed into three groups: those ...
Zlotogora Joël - - 2010
Ultrasound examination of the fetus enables diagnosis of many major malformations during pregnancy, providing the possibility to consider termination of the pregnancy. As a result, in many cases the incidence of malformations at birth does not represent their true incidence. To determine the impact of prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy termination ...
Chin Jeanette R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) in a woman's first and second pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 27,771 women with their first and second births in North Carolina's Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System database from ...
Su Chi-Feng - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop a mathematical equation to predict the birth weight during the second trimester at 20-24 weeks of gestation. In a university hospital, 110 healthy pregnant women were eligible for inclusion at 20-24 weeks of gestation. We recorded the maternal weight (pre-pregnancy, mid-pregnancy, and ...
Lapolla Annunziata - - 2010
Increasing numbers of pregnancies are seen in obese women treated surgically with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). We compared their maternal and fetal outcomes with obese women without LAGB and normal-weight controls. Sixty-nine obese women with LAGB (83 pregnancies) were compared with 120 obese women without LAGB and 858 controls. ...
Han Y S - - 2011
We examined the relationships between pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), pregnancy outcomes and biochemical markers. This study was conducted as a cross-sectional analysis. Korean women in their second and third trimesters of pregnancy were recruited at two hospitals in the metropolitan Seoul area. Pre-pregnancy BMI was categorized in four ...
Wesnes Stian Langeland - - 2010
Weight gain during pregnancy may contribute to increased urinary incontinence (UI) during and after pregnancy, but scientific support is lacking. The effect of weight loss on UI postpartum is unclear. From 1999 to 2006, investigators in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study recruited pregnant women during pregnancy. This study ...
Hogan Jennifer L JL Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2011
The accurate measurement of blood pressure requires the use of a large cuff in subjects with a high mid-arm circumference (MAC). This prospective study examined the need for a large cuff during pregnancy and its correlation with maternal obesity. Maternal body mass index (BMI), fat mass, and MAC were measured. ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2011
Maternal obesity influences a number of metabolic factors that can affect the course of pregnancy. Among these factors, leptin plays an important role in energy metabolism and fetal development during pregnancy. Our objective was to estimate the influence of maternal overweight/obesity on variation in the maternal serum leptin profile during ...
Reynolds R M - - 2010
The prevalence of obesity among women of childbearing age is increasing. Emerging evidence suggests that this has long-term adverse influences on offspring health. The aim was to examine whether maternal body composition and gestational weight gain have persisting effects on offspring adiposity in early adulthood. The Motherwell birth cohort study ...
Savitz David A DA Disease Prevention and Public Health Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2011
The obesity epidemic raises concerns about the impact of excessive and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy. We examined the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and preterm birth, term small- and large-for-gestational-age (SGA and LGA), term birthweight, and term primary Cesarean delivery, considering prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and ethnicity ...
Ludwig David S DS Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy seems to increase birthweight and the offspring's risk of obesity later in life. However, this association might be confounded by genetic and other shared effects. We aimed to examine the association between maternal weight gain and birthweight using state-based birth registry data that allowed us ...
Misra Vinod K VK Department of Pediatrics & Communicable Diseases, Division of Medical Genetics, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2010
The goals of our study were (1) to estimate the trends in maternal weight gain patterns and (2) to estimate the influence of variation in maternal weight and rate of weight gain over different time periods in gestation on variation in birth weight in African-American and non-African-American gravidas. Data from ...
Hoving L L - - 2010
An impaired reproductive performance in second parity compared to first parity sows, decreases reproductive efficiency and, perhaps, longevity of sows. This study aims to quantify the effect of live weight development and reproduction in first parity on reproductive performance of second parity sows, i.e. pregnancy rate as well as litter ...
Østbye Truls - - 2010
Pregnancy-related weight retention can contribute to obesity, and breastfeeding may facilitate postpartum weight loss. We investigated the effect of breastfeeding on long-term postpartum weight retention. Using data from the North Carolina Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC; 1996-2004), weight retention was assessed in women aged 18 ...
Riskin-Mashiah Shlomit - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the associations between pregestational BMI and weight gain during pregnancy and the risk for maternal hyperglycemia. Methods. The charts of all patients who delivered at our hospital between June 2001 and June 2006 were reviewed. Maternal hyperglycemia categories were defined as GDM (by the Carpenter and Coustan criteria); Impaired ...
Tsigga Maria - - 2011
To assess differences in the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) during pregnancy with the pre-gravid and gravid weight status of women. Cross-sectional. Athens, Greece. One hundred pregnant women, inhabitants of Athens. The mean raw HEI score of the sample was 66·9 (sd 7·6) and the mean HEI adjusted for energy intake ...
Ka┼łková S - - 2010
RhD-positive subjects are protected against toxoplasmosis-associated impairment of psychomotor performance. Here we searched for RhD-positivity-associated maternal protection against the effects of toxoplasmosis. In the present retrospective cohort study, we analysed data from 785 (139 RhD-negative) Toxoplasma-free and 194 (27 RhD-negative) Toxoplasma-infected pregnant women. We searched for effects of toxoplasmosis and ...
Dávila R Daniela RD Altitude Research Center, University of Colorado-Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2010
This prospective study was designed to determine whether variation in angiogenic (placental growth factor [PlGF]) and/or anti-angiogenic (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase [sFlt-1]) factors contribute to the protective effect of highland ancestry (Andean) from altitude-associated reductions in fetal growth. Plasma sFlt-1 and PlGF levels, uterine artery (UA) blood flow, and fetal ...
Fattah Chro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on weight gain in pregnancy suggested that maternal weight on average increased by 0.5-2.0 kg in the first trimester of pregnancy. This study examined whether mean maternal weight or body composition changes in the first trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. POPULATION: We studied 1,000 Caucasian ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2010
To examine the effect of maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity on gestational age-dependent variation in lipid levels during pregnancy. Women between 6 and 10 weeks of gestation who carry a single, live intrauterine pregnancy were eligible to participate in a prospective pregnancy study (N=142). The exposure, maternal prepregnancy body mass ...
Kumar A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Understanding the effect of maternal parameters on obstetric outcome has public health importance because these indicators are associated with infant health and survival and influence development and health in later life. AIM: To determine the effects of various maternal indicators on pregnancy outcome in north-Indian women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether the weight gain recommendations for twin pregnancies in the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines are associated with improved perinatal outcomes. METHODS: A cohort of 297 twin pregnancies was identified from a single practice with measured prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy. ...
Lampl Michelle - - 2010
Sex differences in fetal growth have been reported, but how this happens remains to be described. It is unknown if fetal growth rates, a reflection of genetic and environmental factors, express sexually dimorphic sensitivity to the mother herself. This analysis investigated homogeneity of male and female growth responses to maternal ...
Ronnberg Ak - - 2010
Please cite this paper as: Ronnberg A, Nilsson K. Interventions during pregnancy to reduce excessive gestational weight gain: a systematic review assessing current clinical evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. BJOG 2010; Background Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is common in developed countries and ...
Shah Divya K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery is the most reliable way to sustain weight loss in the morbidly obese. Reproductive age women comprise the majority of bariatric patients, and many may be interested in conceiving after surgery. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the recent literature on bariatric surgery ...
Kominiarek Michelle A - - 2010
The incidence of obesity is increasing rapidly, and it affects a greater proportion of women than men. Unfortunately, obesity has a negative impact on women's reproductive health, including increased adverse perinatal outcomes. Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is performed in many hospitals, and can allow for significant ...
Munim Shama - - 2010
To assess and validate the best model for fetal weight estimation in the Pakistani population. The cohort included 178 women with singleton pregnancies at term (37-41 weeks) who had an ultrasound scan within 7 days of delivery. A proportionality formula was used to compensate for the fetal weight gain between ...
Lindholm Elisabeth Storck - - 2010
We evaluated an intervention program to control pregnancy weight gain among obese women with body mass index > 30 by a dietary and physical activity program. Maternal weight gain and pregnancy outcome were evaluated. Of 27 obese women, 25 (92%) completed the study. Mean age at entry to the program ...
Pallua Norbert - - 2010
The umbilicus is an important aesthetic feature of the abdomen and thus calls for an optimized reinsertation technique. Localization and characteristics of the umbilicus were assessed in 137 adults. In addition, age, height, weight, pregnancy, and gender were recorded. Each participant reviewed his own photographs while the authors reviewed all ...
Lowell Hélène H Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9. - - 2010
The 2006 Maternity Experiences Survey provides information about women's weight before, during and after pregnancy. Using these data, this study assessed Canadian women's adherence to the 1999 gestational weight gain guidelines. Women with a higher pre-pregnancy body mass index were more likely than normal or underweight women to gain more ...
Tanner Richard - - 2010
This article presents birth weight outcome data for 200 pregnancies at the Indiana Women's Prison (IWP) over the last 4 years. Overall, 5.5% of the pregnancies at IWP had low birth weight outcomes. The rate was only 2% for women who were incarcerated for more than 4 weeks and got ...
Olausson Hanna - - 2010
Maternal nutritional status, e.g. body weight and composition, is associated with fetal growth. It has been suggested that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system may be a mediator of this relationship. In twenty-three healthy Swedish women, we studied (1) the relationships before and during pregnancy between maternal serum concentrations of ...
Catalano Patrick M PM Department of Reproductive Biology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, USA. - - 2010
There has been a significant increase over the past few decades in the number of reproductive age women who are either overweight or obese. Overweight and obese women are at increased risk for having decreased insulin sensitivity as compared with lean or average weight women. The combination of obesity and ...
Manuel-Apolinar Leticia - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological associations between an adverse intrauterine environment and the induction of obesity in adult life led to the concept of fetal programming whereby an unfavorable prenatal environment induces adaptations that improve fetal survival or prepare the fetus in expectation of a particular range of postnatal environments. However, ...
Drehmer Michele - - 2010
In order to describe adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy and its association with pre-pregnancy nutritional status and other factors, a cohort study of pregnant women enrolled at 16-36 weeks of gestation and followed up until delivery was carried out in prenatal care in primary care services in Rio Grande ...
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