Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1588
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Helms Eric - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the proportion of women meeting established weight gain recommendations during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using chi2 and logistic regression analysis of 1,463,936 registered North Carolina births from 1988 to 2003. RESULTS: The percentage of pregnant women achieving recommended weight gain decreased significantly ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which blood glucose, obesity, and maternal weight gain explains differences in birth weight using offspring sibling pairs in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 90 women with at least 2 GDM pregnancies was conducted. ...
Cedergren M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of low and high gestational weight gain, in different maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) classes, on obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHOD: A prospective population-based cohort study of 245,526 singleton term pregnancies. Women were grouped in five categories of BMI ...
Lie Rolv T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Biological evidence suggests that both mother and fetus are involved in triggering a normal delivery. A tendency of a child to have a gestational age at birth similar to the father's could represent the effect of genes passed from the father to the fetus. Similar tendencies between mother and ...
Hager Reinmar - - 2006
Close interactions between mother and offspring are said to result in a coevolution of parental and offspring genotypes such that offspring are adapted in their solicitation behaviour to obtain maternal provisioning that maximizes their fitness. Few empirical studies have been conducted in this field and it remains unclear whether maternal ...
Vallianatos Helen - - 2006
Many Cree women in northern Quebec experience excessive weight gain during pregnancy and retain the weight between pregnancies. This contributes to poor maternal-fetal outcomes and increased rates of obesity-related health problems. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore (a) Cree women's perceptions of weight gain in pregnancy ...
Acs Nándor - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In a previous study, we showed that maternal influenza in pregnancy gives rise to an increase in some congenital abnormality groups. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relationship between influenza during pregnancy and pregnancy complications, and in addition, delivery outcomes particularly preterm birth and low birth ...
Groth Susan - - 2006
Does gestational weight gain have an impact on the future weight pattern of adolescent mothers? Pregnant adolescents gain weight with childbearing, and weight retention following pregnancy potentially contributes to long-term overweight and obesity, but the literature to date has focused on the effect of gestational weight on the neonate and ...
Chuang Chao-Hua - - 2006
PURPOSE: To explore the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma on foetal growth in pregnancy. METHODS: During 1985-1987, each pregnant woman with 26 or more weeks of gestation who came to the Taipei Municipal Maternal and Child Hospital for prenatal care was enrolled and interviewed by three trained interviewers using structured questionnaires ...
Takimoto H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify adequate weight gain ranges during pregnancy in Japanese women. METHOD: Obstetric records from 2001 to 2002 for 46,659 term, singleton, vaginally delivered live births was used to estimate IUGR and macrosomia risk. Total maternal weight gain was grouped according to gestational age-specific percentile values of weight gain ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2006
Birth weight is positively associated with the risk of breast cancer in the offspring and the underlying process is likely to involve the pregnancy endocrine milieu. We have examined the association of diet and related factors during pregnancy with the levels (at the 16th and 27th gestational week) of maternal ...
Janthanaphan Manop - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To quantify placental weight and its ratio to birth weight in normal pregnancy; and to determine whether abnormal placental weight and its ratio are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From January 1st, 2004, to December 31st, 2004, placentae were obtained from 238 ...
Dodds Linda - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes among women with hyperemesis during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted among women with singleton deliveries between 1988 and 2002. Hyperemetic pregnancies were defined as those requiring one or more antepartum admissions for hyperemesis before 24 weeks of gestation. Severity ...
Vause Tannys - - 2006
Many healthcare professionals and their patients are aware of the importance of proper nutrition during pregnancy, but may not be aware of specific nutritional recommendations on how to achieve a healthy pregnancy outcome. This review article aims to discuss the implications maternal nutritional status and weight gain have in both ...
Al-Tamimi M A H M MA School of Food Biosciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, - - 2006
To determine the fermentation profiles by human gut bacteria of arabino-oligosaccharides of varying degree of polymerization. Sugar beet arabinan was hydrolyzed with a commercial pectinase and eight fractions, of varying molecular weight, were isolated by gel-filtration chromatography. Hydrolysis fractions, arabinose, arabinan and fructo-oligosaccharides were fermented anaerobically by gut bacteria. Total ...
Persson Linn - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to search for qualitative changes in the landfill leachate DOM along a groundwater gradient. The study was focused on DOM characteristics of importance for its interaction with pollutants, such as molecular weight distribution and aromaticity. It was concluded that the leachate DOM underwent ...
Muthayya S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maternal sociodemographic, anthropometric, dietary and micronutrient status in apparently healthy pregnant women in order to determine their associations with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Bangalore City, India. SUBJECTS: A total of 478 women were recruited at 12.9+/-3.3 weeks of gestation and followed ...
Taleb Soraya - - 2006
CONTEXT: Human adipose tissue produces several adipokines, including the newly identified protein cathepsin S (CTSS), a cysteine protease involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Obesity is characterized by high levels of CTSS in the circulation and in sc white adipose tissue (scWAT). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of surgery-induced weight ...
Johnson Donna B - - 2006
Traditional approaches to treating overweight and obese adults by focusing on individual weight loss have not been effective in stemming the tide of obesity in the population. Recent research has identified critical factors that, as they accumulate and interact over an individual's life span, may put a person at risk ...
Cucó G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze how the maternal intake of macronutrients before conception and in the 6th, 10th, 26th, and 38th weeks of pregnancy affects birth weight. METHODS: A longitudinal study of food consumption to assess the nutritional status of 77 healthy female volunteers (age range: ...
Rudolph C M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP; synonym: pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy) is the most common specific dermatosis of pregnancy. However, its clinical characterization is controversial and its pathogenesis uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical characteristics of and potential trigger factors for PEP in a large mixed ethnic population. ...
Finsen Vilhjalmur - - 2006
Carpal tunnel syndrome is common during pregnancy. The symptoms usually disappear after delivery, but how soon has not been established. Thirty pregnant women with the syndrome reported to us the degree of pain in their hands every week before, and daily after, delivery. Pain was graded on a scale from ...
Wells Chris S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To identify the biological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics that are associated with inadequate and/or excessive weight gain in pregnancy. METHODS: Univariate, bivariate, and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted using data from Colorado's 2000-2002 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). Independent variables included biological risk factors (prepregnancy BMI, parity, ...
Pahlavani Mohammad H - - 2006
The term xenia was coined to describe the effect of foreign pollen on the development and characters of the seed. To study its importance and consequences for various seed traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), the effect of pollen genotype on seed and embryo weight was studied with seeds from ...
Sottner O - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: Not only the process of childbirth itself, but also processes during pregnancy seem to be strongly associated with urinary incontinence (UI). According to some epidemiological studies, UI during pregnancy occurs in 23-70% of the pregnant women. These studies also documented some risk factors (e.g., race, age, or body mass ...
Raatikainen Kaisa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy outcomes in different BMI groups. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We analyzed 25,601 singleton pregnancies from January 1989 to December 2001. Overweight women (prepregnancy BMI = 26 to 29 kg/m2) represented 13.2% (3388) of the cases, and 7.3% (1880) were obese (BMI > or = 30 kg/m2). ...
Wataba Koya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association of pregnancy complications with prepregnant body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy in Japanese women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 21,718 Japanese women with a singleton pregnancy. Pregnant women were grouped by prepregnant body mass index and evaluated for association with ...
Yekta Zahra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of women has been considered an important prognostic indicator of pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have evaluated patterns of weight gain and pre-pregnancy body mass index in developing regions where malnutrition and poor weight gain as well as maternal obesity have significant influences on the pregnancy outcome. This ...
Althuizen Ellen - - 2006
Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy is potentially important in the prevention of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age. However, few intervention studies aiming at weight management during pregnancy have been performed and most of these interventions were not as successful as expected. In this paper the design ...
Sergio Ferrazzani F Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy. - - 2006
To verify whether prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose aspirin (LDA) could positively affect pregnancy outcome in women with a history of severe preeclampsia. We compared 23 pregnancies treated with LDA alone to 31 pregnancies treated with LMWH plus LDA. Women treated with LMWH-LDA (n = 31) showed a ...
Rooney Brenda L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of perinatal weight change on obesity, weight gain, and development of obesity-related illnesses 15 years after pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnancy-related factors and weights of 795 women were recorded at first prenatal visit and 6 months postpartum and were available through medical record review at 4, 10, ...
Donma Mustafa Metin - - 2005
To determine optimal sonographic fetal weight estimation formula for male and female infants, a prospective study has been performed. Uncomplicated pregnancies and 465 newborns were evaluated. Measurements included birth weight, length and head circumference in addition to fetal head circumference, femur length, abdominal circumference and biparietal diameter. Actual weights were ...
Hlynsky J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Measurement of the basal metabolic rate (BMR) can be used to estimate the calories required for weight gain during refeeding in anorexia nervosa (AN). The reference method for measuring the BMR is indirect calorimetry. MedGem has developed a new indirect calorimeter that calculates the metabolic rate much more quickly ...
Bhattarai Madhur Dev - - 2005
Diabetes has been found to be common in people, including the women of child bearing age, in urban Nepal. There is a custom of feeding the women with foods rich in calories and fats, as much as possible, after delivery. Weights of 200 women of urban Kathmandu before the first ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2005
Birth weight has been positively associated with breast cancer risk in adult life and is positively associated with the principal pregnancy estrogen estriol. Birth weight is lower among Chinese women than among Caucasian women, but paradoxically, pregnancy estriol levels are higher among the former than the latter. We studied a ...
Kruger H S - - 2005
The aim of this review was to develop a framework for the monitoring of pregnancy weight gain in South African outpatient clinics. Studies showed that intrauterine malnutrition have more serious consequences for children than postnatal malnutrition. Undernutrition, as well as overnutrition during pregnancy, was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The ...
Dixon John B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study sought to examine the outcomes of 79 consecutive first pregnancies (> 20 weeks of gestation) in women following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) for severe obesity. METHODS: The 79 women are from a cohort of 1,382 consecutive patients. The prospectively collected data from 79 first pregnancies ...
Seghieri G - - 2005
AIMS: To study the effect of parity on impairment of insulin sensitivity during pregnancy and on the risk of gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: We studied the relationship between parity and peripheral insulin sensitivity index (ISI(OGTT)) or GDM in 1880 caucasian women, who underwent a 100-g, 3-h oral glucose tolerance test ...
Mengistu A - - 2005
Anthelmintic treatment (A), feed supplementation (F), anthelmintic and feed supplementation (A+F) or traditional management (Control) was given to 166 pregnant female donkeys in three localities (Holetta, Debre Zeit and Adami Tulu) in Ethiopia during an on-farm study. Treatments started during the last trimester of pregnancy and continued until 6 months ...
Brawarsky P P Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 1620 Tremont Street, Boston, MA 02120, USA. - - 2005
Gestational weight gain consistent with the Institute of Medicine's recommendations is associated with better maternal and infant outcomes. The objective was to quantify the effect of pre-pregnancy factors, pregnancy-related health conditions, and modifiable pregnancy factors on the risks of inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain. A longitudinal cohort of pregnant ...
Brennand Erin A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of pregravid weight and pregnancy weight gain on pregnancy outcomes in Cree women. METHODS: We reviewed maternal and infant outcomes of the first pregnancy in Cree women living in James Bay, Quebec, from 1994 to 2000. We examined data from women who had a full-term ...
Simov Zhelyazko I - - 2005
Proteolytic activity of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus in Kashkaval cheeses of varying aging times, stored at -10 to -12 degrees C for 12 months, was studied. It was established that the proteolysis of Kashkaval cheese induced by the starter culture was significantly delayed by freezing. The noncasein ...
Mongelli M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of the diagnosis of macrosomia in relation to differing weight estimation formulae in unselected pregnancies. METHODS: Computer modeling techniques were employed. Computer modeling software generated correlated fetal biometry measurements according to published British standards, from 37 to 41 weeks' gestation. For each set of measurements, ...
Maddah M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between total pregnancy weight gain, maternal educational level, working status and infant birth weight among mothers and infants in urban health centers in Rasht, Iran. DESIGN: Pregnant women from six different public health centers in urban areas were studied in a prospective ...
Ishikawa Hitoshi - - 2006
In mammals, the placenta, which consists of maternal and fetal components, is important in fetal development because it supplies the fetus with the nourishment it needs. We investigated the effects of placental growth and litter size on mouse fetal weights from mid- to late-gestation. The mean weight of male fetuses ...
- - 2005
One third of adult women in the United States are obese. During pregnancy, obese women are at increased risk for several adverse perinatal outcomes, including anesthetic, perioperative, and other maternal and fetal complications. Obstetricians should provide preconception counselling and education about the possible complications and should encourage obese patients to ...
Al-Khatim Al-Ser A Gader - - 2005
The authors investigated a type of silicone rubber (SR) nipple for toxicity, caused by chemical migrants, on reproduction and pregnancy outcomes. They followed an extraction method (set forth in the 20th revised edition of the United States Pharmacopeia) in which sesame oil was a vehicle. They prepared the extract daily ...
Gubhaju Lina - - 2005
Because of the improved survival of premature neonates in recent years, it is important to investigate the effects of premature delivery on the kidney, in which nephrogenesis is still ongoing during the third trimester. Hence, an appropriate animal model that is similar to humans is essential. The aim of the ...
Lau Tze Kin - - 2005
This study was performed to investigate the impact of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at term on neonatal birth weight. All singleton live births delivered between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation complicated by hypertensive disorders over a 7-year period (n = 362) was compared to 34 783 uncomplicated singleton deliveries ...
Ramakrishnan Usha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent trials of prenatal multivitamin-mineral supplements have yielded mixed findings for outcomes such as birth size, but the benefits of prenatal multivitamin-mineral supplements for maternal outcomes are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to examine the effect of prenatal multiple micronutrient supplements (MM) compared to iron ...
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