Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 845
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Hochereau-de Reviers M T - - 1997
The present study was conducted to compare in homozygous FecBBFecBB(BB) Booroola and ++ male fetuses, the body and the testicular growths and the tissular and cellular compositions of the testis between 60 and 140 days of gestation. To eliminate differences in growth due to uterine environment, single embryos have been ...
Barr A C - - 1997
Fenoxycarb (ethyl [2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)-ethyl] carbamate) is an insect growth regulator used for long-term fire ant control. Because of its effects on insect reproduction and its potential use on pasturage consumed by food animals, a reproductive study was conducted using Rambouillet sheep. The sheep were dosed daily with a placebo or with ...
Pejsak Z - - 1997
The aim of the presented studies was to demonstrate losses and economical consequences of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) outbreak in a large swine farm in Poland. Prior to the occurrence of PRRS the piglets' mortality rate did not exceed 6%, losses among weaners and fatteners were lower than ...
Moses D - - 1997
This report shows the results of a large-scale laparoscopic intrauterine insemination program on a flock of Australian Merino sheep in Argentine Patagonia. The study was carried out on a total of 1824 ewes (3-to-7-yr-old) and 480 ewe hoggets (19-20 months old) on 2 farms in the southeastern region of Santa ...
Bengtsson B - - 1997
Concentrations of penicillin-G in serum were determined after single intravenous doses of potassium penicillin-G (10 mg/kg body wt) to ewes and cows in late pregnancy and in early lactation. Penicillin-G in serum was analysed by a microbiological method and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by model-independent methods. Serum concentrations were lower ...
Doizé F - - 1997
Three experiments were conducted to determine gestational age in the ewe and doe by measuring placentomes with a B-mode ultrasonograph and a 5 MHz transducer. Transrectal measurements were obtained by placing the female over a bale of hay. In Experiment 1, ewes (n = 12) and does (n = 15) ...
Kohl T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Maternal morbidity and preterm labor from fetal surgery might be minimized by a percutaneous technique for fetal access and uterine closure. METHODS: In each of 16 ewes, we inserted three trocars percutaneously into the amniotic cavity using ultrasound and fetoscopic guidance. In six ewes, percutaneous uterine closure after the ...
Nottle M B - - 1997
A nutritional strategy for increasing ovulation rate in Merino ewes mated in late spring-early summer was evaluated on two commercial farms. The strategy used the 'ram effect' to induce oestrus in seasonally anoestrus ewes and supplementary feeding of lupin grain six days prior to oestrus to increase ovulation rate. Ewes ...
Vogiagis D - - 1997
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a pleiotropic cytokine, is implicated in blastocyst implantation in mice and maintains the development of ovine embryos in culture. Previously, LIF mRNA and protein were demonstrated in the endometrium throughout the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in the ewe. In this study pregnant ewes were passively ...
Buxton D - - 1997
In an initial experiment, 21 sheep in groups of five or six were inoculated subcutaneously (sc) with 10(8), 10(6) or 10(4) Neospora caninum tachyzoites (Liverpool isolate), or with control inoculum, and monitored for clinical signs and for "seroconversion". Animals given the two higher doses showed febrile responses and all three ...
Clarke L - - 1997
We examined the effect of maternal chronic cold exposure, induced by winter-shearing ewes 4 weeks before their predicted lambing date, on brown adipose tissue (BAT) and liver development in lambs. Fetuses were sampled from under-fed (60% of energy requirements for maintenance and pregnancy of an unshorn ewe) shorn or unshorn ...
Curry S C - - 1997
Coadministration of sodium thiosulfate with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) to children and adults prevents increases in cyanide concentrations during anesthesia or long-term SNP infusions. We wondered whether maternally administered sodium thiosulfate would prevent increases in fetal red cell cyanide concentrations in gravid ewes receiving SNP infusions. Under anesthesia, the fetal head ...
Pejsak Z - - 1997
In July of 1994 an acute onset of maternal reproductive failure occurred in a 2,330 sow farrow-to-finish farm. Clinical signs observed in the affected sows were typical for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). During the first 6 weeks of the epizootic 1,117 sows farrowed; 216 (19.33%) farrowed before the ...
Abrams R M - - 1997
During gestation there is likely to be a constantly changing rate of protein synthesis in the brain that may exhibit regional specificity. With the use of the quantitative autoradiographic L-[1-(14)C]leucine method for the determination of local rates of leucine incorporation into cerebral protein (lCPS(Leu)), we have sought to characterize this ...
Thrun L A - - 1997
Thyroid hormones are essential to end the breeding season in sheep; however, it is not clear whether thyroid hormone action is limited to initiation of seasonal reproductive suppression in the ewe. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of thyroid hormones on maintenance of anestrus and onset ...
Saiki Y - - 1997
The fetoscopic approach to fetal intervention is a promising minimally invasive technique for correcting congenital anomalies in utero. However, expansion of the amniotic cavity with CO2 to visualize the fetus causes fetal hypercarbia and acidosis. We assessed whether maternal hyperventilation during intrauterine CO2 insufflation could attenuate the fetal hypercarbic acidosis. ...
Kelk D A - - 1997
To determine the outcome of interbreeding sheep and goats, ewes and does were bred to rams and bucks, and their embryos recovered. Pregnancy was monitored in 2 does bred to a ram. Fertilization rates in ram X does, buck X does, ram X ewes, and buck X ewes were 72%, ...
Noppen M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative sweat production and -ionic composition in Essential Hyperhidrosis (EH), and the effects of T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathicolysis (TS) hereon, are unknown. Standardised pilocarpine iontophoresis sweat tests were performed before and after TS in order to study these issues. DESIGN AND METHODS: Pilocarpine iontophoretic sweat tests measuring maximal sweat production ...
Morris J R - - 1997
Gilts (n = 187) were randomly assigned to either the Hurnik-Morris housing system (HM) or a conventional gestation crate system (GC) prior to breeding. The Hurnik-Morris system provides housing for sows in small groups. Gilts were synchronized for estrus and bred to Duroc Hampshire commercial crossbred boars. Gilts were reared ...
Regnault, Timothy Robert Hume
Ovine placental lactogen (oPL) is postulated to be involved in the repartitioning of maternal nutrients during pregnancy, through its effect on insulin metabolism. Ovine pancreatic insulin responses to exogenous glucose are depressed during pregnancy and this depression becomes more pronounced as gestation advances. In addition, under the hormonal environment of ...
Wallace J M - - 1997
The objective of this study was to investigate whether peripheral plasma profiles of pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) are predictive of pregnancy outcome in adolescent sheep in which growth of the placenta has been compromised by the competing nutrient demands of maternal tissue synthesis. Embryos recovered on day 4 after ...
Romjali E - - 1997
Faecal strongyle egg counts were monitored in peri-parturient ewes and dry ewes grazing in a rubber plantation in North Sumatra, Indonesia. A significant rise in faecal egg counts was observed during the post-parturient period. Haemonchus contortus was the dominant species in the faecal cultures of the lactating ewes. The intensity ...
Avdi M - - 1997
Because twin (and sometimes triplet) births commonly occur in sheep, interactions between foetuses of opposite sex may occur during life in utero and affect adult productive or reproductive performance. This was investigated by comparing growth, milk production and reproductive features of female lambs born as twins with a sister (FF) ...
Zarazaga L A - - 1997
An experiment was designed to study if, in the same animals, characteristics of the plasma melatonin rhythm vary during pregnancy in ewes. Thirteen Ile-de-France ewes were maintained in natural photoperiod and measurements of the characteristics of the rhythm of melatonin secretion were determined during one estrous cycle and then during ...
Clarke L - - 1997
Although body condition score was not significantly different between light (<55 kg, n = 6) and heavy (> or =60 kg, n = 7) ewes at mating, it declined between Day 30 and Day 90 of gestation in light but not heavy ewes, and remained lower up to term. All ...
Bird I M - - 1997
During pregnancy, the uterine artery demonstrates refractoriness to vasoconstriction by infused angiotensin II (AII). AII increases prostacyclin (PGI2) production by uterine artery endothelium from pregnant ewes, and this response is mediated via the AT1 receptor (AT1-R). This response is also unique to pregnancy because AII does not stimulate PGI2 production ...
I'anson H - - 1997
Growth retardation induced by dietary restriction in the lamb results in a low GnRH pulse frequency, and thus, puberty is delayed. In our experimental model, in which ovariectomized lambs are maintained at weaning weight (approximately 20 kg BW), hypothalamic GnRH is present and releasable, suggesting that central mechanisms limit the ...
McAllister M M - - 1996
Six groups of six pregnant ewes each were inoculated with 170,000 or 1,700,000 tachyzoites of Neospora caninum on gestation day 65, 90, or 120. All ewes seroconverted, and none showed signs of illness other than abortion. Regardless of the inoculum dose, all ewes inoculated on gestation day 65 aborted; ewes ...
Gerhardt K J - - 1996
PURPOSE: Although the air-conduction pathway is the principal mode of sound transmission to the inner ear, this may not be true for the fetus in utero. The fetus detects and responds to sounds in the maternal environment. Exogenous sounds can reach the fetal inner ear through the ear canal and ...
Powell M R - - 1996
Ten experiments utilizing 1,659 ewes were conducted to determine the potential of melengestrol acetate (MGA)-based treatments in inducing and synchronizing estrous activity in ewes during the nonbreeding season. In May or June, ewes were given .25 mg of MGA.ewe-1.d-1 or control diet and(or) a subsequent i.m. injection of zeranol, estradiol-17 ...
Shulkes A - - 1996
1. Plasma gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) is elevated in the foetal and maternal circulations of pregnant sheep. To determine the mechanisms for this increase the synthesis, secretion rate, metabolism and placental transfer of GRP were measured. 2. Foetal metabolic clearance rate of GRP was significantly increased (P < 0.05) compared ...
Lumbers E R - - 1996
To find out which of the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on the fetus are due to their actions in the mother and which are direct effects due to blockade of the fetal renin-angiotensin system, enalapril (150 mg twice daily i.v.), which does not readily cross the sheep ...
Ipson M A - - 1996
Substantial alterations occur in female reproductive tissues to ensure the successful outcome of and recovery from pregnancy. Although sheep have been widely used to study several aspects of pregnancy, little information is available regarding alterations in myometrial function. We therefore characterized the alterations that occur in ovine myometrial stress-generating capacity ...
Cantero A - - 1996
The effects of prolonged exposure to phyto-oestrogens (coumestrol) on the morphology of the reproductive organs of ewes were studied in 28 lucerne-grazing animals, and compared with 28 control ewes given a standard coumestrol-free diet. The anatomical studies showed that 43% of the ewes fed lucerne displayed macroscopic changes within the ...
Iman N Y - - 1996
Lifetime (5 yr) lamb production and wool production from 207 straightbred Targhee (T) and 474 1/4 Finn-1/4 Dorset-1/2 Targhee (FDT) crossbred ewes managed in a range or farm flock system were evaluated for ewe fertility, prolificacy, ewe fleece weight, and total lamb weight weaned per ewe exposed. Data included 2,620 ...
Perkins N R - - 1996
Synchronized ewes (n = 217) were bred by laparoscopic insemination of frozen-thawed semen from 1 of 3 rams. The ewes were bred by either a double (110 ewes) or single horn (107 ewes) technique without regard to the site of ovulation. There was no difference in the percentage of ewes ...
Davey M G - - 1996
We have determined the effects of preterm birth on the postnatal development of ventilatory responses to progressive hypoxia and hypercapnia in awake lambs. Hypoxic and hypercapnic rebreathing tests were performed at weekly intervals in 5 preterm (born at 135 +/- 0.5 d) and 5 term (born at 146 +/- 0.2 ...
Vos E A - - 1996
Both free and conjugated fecal estrogens were surveyed in sows by means of RIA's after extraction and column chromatography. Six different RIA's were performed using the same fecal suspension. Based on differences in concentration in feces from 6 pregnant and 4 nonpregnant sows, estrone (E1) was selected for the development ...
O' Doherty J V - - 1996
In the ewe, high level feeding is associated with low levels of circulating progesterone and that progesterone withdrawal is a prerequisite for lactogenesis and the onset of copious milk secretion. A total of 108 ewes was allocated to a 3 x 2 factorial experiment to determine the effect of diet ...
Lewis R M - - 1996
Effects of environmental factors such as ewe age, season of exposure, and time from lambing to exposure on fertility were evaluated using records on 1,084 Dorset ewes in the STAR accelerated lambing system. The STAR program consisted of five 30-d concurrent breeding and lambing periods per year beginning on January ...
Wallace J M - - 1996
A highly controlled model to investigate nutrient partitioning and the control of fetal growth in the rapidly growing adolescent sheep is described. Embryos recovered from superovulated adult ewes inseminated by a single sire were transferred in singleton to the uterus of prepubertal adolescent recipients induced to ovulate at 21 weeks ...
Parraguez V H - - 1996
A 24-h rhythm of plasma PRL is present in fetal sheep. This rhythm is synchronized to an environmental clue (zeitgeber). We determined whether the light-dark cycle (L:D) is a zeitgeber for the fetal PRL rhythm and, if so, whether the mother might convey this zeitgeber to the fetus. We kept ...
Akinbami M A - - 1996
Experiments were conducted to determine 1) if pregnancy initiated on Day 32 post partum would be maintained until lambing, 2) if there is a difference in the ability of the previously gravid or nongravid uterine horn to maintain pregnancy, and 3) if season has an effect on embryo loss. Estrus ...
Papp J R - - 1996
Enzootic abortion in sheep, caused by Chlamydia psittaci, has been associated with pregnancy failure in most sheep-producing countries. Late-term abortions or the birth of weak low-birth-weight lambs occurred following primary C. psittaci infection in pregnant ewes. However, the mode by which C. psittaci can be transmitted among sheep has not ...
West H J - - 1996
There is a paucity of information on the metabolic effects of undernutrition of the ewe carrying multiple fetuses in late pregnancy. In the present study the effects of induction of ketosis from 132 d gestation in ewes carrying twin fetuses were compared with a control group. The ewes were well ...
Pfister J A - - 1996
Locoweeds (Oxytropis and Astragalus spp.) are toxic plants found on many rangelands. Preferences for locoweed are learned; livestock often initially reject the plant, but learn to eat locoweed after continued exposure. Maternal influences are important in shaping diet selection in young animals. We studied the influence of ewe consumption of ...
Borjesson D L - - 1996
We developed and validated an enzyme immunoassay for immunoreactive pregnanediol-3-glucuronide (iPdG) in feces to monitor reproductive status in desert and Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis). Fecal iPdG concentrations were strongly correlated (r = 0.71) with serum progesterone concentrations in paired fecal and blood samples collected from 34 free-ranging desert ...
Schermer S J - - 1996
The effect of fetal thyroidectomy on thermoregulation in newborn lambs was investigated. Seven of 14 lambs born normally at term were thyroidectomized at Day 127 of gestation. Colonic temperature and oxygen consumption were measured during non-rapid eye movement sleep 6-45 h after birth. All lambs were then killed and perirenal ...
Dwyer C M - - 1996
To distinguish between ewe and lamb breed effects on prenatal growth, ease of parturition and early lamb behaviour, an embryo-transfer study was carried out using a hill breed (Scottish Blackface; liveweight: 54.25 +/- 1.03 kg, mean +/- s.e.m.) and a lowland breed (Suffolk; 80.33 +/- 1.52 kg) to obtain the ...
Lakritz J - - 1995
The purpose of this study is to describe a developmental defect of the caudal cervical and cranial thoracic vertebrae in 11 purebred Colombia lambs. The lambs were either affected at birth, or developed the condition within the first 18 days of age. Cervicothoracic kyphosis, with a compensatory cervical lordosis and ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >