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Results 401 - 450 of 873
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Nuvor S V - - 1998
In this paper, the Eimeria oocyst output of two groups, pregnant ewes (group 1) and non-pregnant controls (group 2), which were followed from September 1993 to August 1994, is described. In both groups of animals the level of oocyst output was high during the minor rainy season. However, during the ...
Heasman L - - 1998
We investigated the influence of restricted maternal nutrition between 28 and 77 d of gestation on placental weight and appearance, and on fetal weight and conformation. Single-bearing ewes were fed either twice [i.e. controls (n = 19)] or half [i.e. nutrient-restricted (n = 28)] their energy requirements from 28 to ...
Al-Gubory K H - - 1998
Ewes of the Préalpes-du-Sud breed (n = 112) were mated with fertile rams and were used to investigate the effect of the presence of vasectomized rams during pregnancy on reproductive outcomes. Ewes in the control group (n = 56) were isolated from rams during the whole period of pregnancy, whereas ...
Carter A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To calibrate a reflectance pulse oximeter developed at the Division of Perinatal Physiology, University Hospital of Zurich, for monitoring of oxygen saturations below 70%. METHODS: Oxygen saturation measured noninvasively with the reflectance pulse oximeter in fetal sheep was compared with oxygen saturation of arterial blood samples measured by a ...
Coubrough C A - - 1998
Accuracy of transrectal ultrasonographic determination of fetal sex by identifying and locating the genital tubercle was determined in 29 ewes with single fetus at 60 to 69 d post breeding. Examinations were conducted once under farm conditions utilizing a real-time diagnostic scanner equipped with a linear-array 5 MHz transducer. Definite ...
Osaer S - - 1998
The effects of Trypanosoma congolense infection and nutritional supplements on live weight changes during pregnancy, haematology traits and offspring performance were studied in 42 Djallonké ewes. A randomised block design was used to allocate ewes to four treatment combinations, of which two were on a restricted diet (L) and the ...
Vandenheede M - - 1998
The effects of an enriched environment (EE, permanent presence of a humanlike model plus colored mobile objects) during the rearing period (from birth to weaning at 3 months) were assessed on subsequent fear reactions of lambs and their mothers. Behavioral tests involved isolation, surprise effect, and the presence of a ...
Oberg K C KC Department of Pathology and Human Anatomy, Loma Linda University and Medical Center, Calif, - - 1998
The use of nonpenetrating clips to accomplish wound closure as an alternative to suture in the repair of simulated cleft lips in partially exteriorized fetuses has been described previously. In this study, the fetus is approached endoscopically, and clipped (n = 8) and sutured (n = 4) intrauterine endoscopic repairs ...
Tembely S - - 1998
A study was carried out at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) Debre Berhan Research Station in Ethiopia from 1992 to 1995 to compare the peri-parturient rise (PPR) in faecal nematode egg counts (FEC) in ewes of two indigenous sheep breeds. A total of 1439 Menz and 1347 Horro ewes ...
Quinlivan J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of single or repeated injections of maternally administered corticosteroids on fetal growth in sheep. METHODS: Forty-six date-mated singleton gestation ewes were allocated at random to one of 3 groups: a single, or repeated injections of betamethasone, or a control group which received saline. On days ...
Ramsey W S - - 1998
Suffolk and Targhee ewes (30 each) with single or twin lambs were used in four periods beginning in late gestation and continuing through weaning to evaluate breed differences in milk production, lamb BW, and DMI by ewes and lambs. In Periods 1 (late gestation) and 2 (early lactation), ewes (Period ...
Kowalski W B - - 1998
Pharmacokinetic parameters of oxytocin (OT) metabolism were determined during the last third of pregnancy and again 4-8 wk after delivery in the baboon. Animals were placed on a tether system with venous and arterial access and a continuous monitoring of uterine contractions during gestation. Two methods of determining OT pharmacokinetics ...
Buxton D - - 1998
Three groups of eight pregnant sheep were inoculated with tachyzoites of the NCl isolate of Neospora caninum at 45 (group 1), 65 (group 2) or 90 (group 3) days' gestation. A further six animals (group 4) served as controls. Fourteen of the infected ewes developed a fever, which in two ...
Osaer S - - 1998
Interactions between Trypanosoma congolense and nutritional statue were studied in 42 ewes, bred at the peak of parasitaemia after synchronisation of oestrus. As experimental design a randomised block design was used with four treatment combinations (2 x 2 factors), of which two were on restricted diet (L), the remainder on ...
Gómez M C - - 1998
More abnormal fertilization has been found in sheep oocytes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) than after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Although the birth of a normal lamb has been reported, the efficiency of blastocyst production is low. We therefore evaluated the cleavage, development and viability of sheep embryos obtained from ...
Husein M Q - - 1998
An experiment was conducted to determine whether factors affecting pregnancy rate out-of-season are associated more with transcervical artificial insemination (T-AI) procedures or with the reproductive state of the ewe. Twenty Finncross ewes were treated with progesterone sponges, and at sponge removal (0 h) 10 ewes were treated with eCG. Blood ...
Cook C J - - 1998
AIMS: As sex related differences in opioid-induced elevations of nociceptive thresholds have been observed in sheep, a study was undertaken to determine if puberty, oestrus, pregnancy or administration of the hormones oestrogen and testosterone had any effect on these differences. METHODS: Withdrawal latency to a nociceptive thermal source was measured ...
Scott P R - - 1998
Forty multigravid ewes with naturally-occurring ovine pregnancy toxaemia were treated with a concentrated oral dextrose and electrolyte solution administered three times daily an oral and a single subcutaneous injection of either a slow release formulation of 160mg recombinant bovine somatotropin (n = 17) or placebo injection (n = 23). A ...
Hill J R - - 1998
The results of laparoscopic insemination of 28,447 Australian Merino ewes with semen from 468 rams were used to study factors influencing pregnancy. The overall pregnancy rate was 71.7% (20,423/28,447). Pregnancy rates varied with type of progestagen implant, type and dosage of PMSG, fresh or frozen semen, wool type and number ...
James P J - - 1998
Cyclic patterns and variations among sheep in numbers of Bovicola ovis are described in Polypay and Columbia ewes that were initially infested with equal numbers of lice and penned indoors continuously for 2 years. Bovicola ovis populations were censused at 3-4-week intervals at 69 body sites on each animal. In ...
Stelnicki E J EJ Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California San Francisco, - - 1998
Several animal models have been designed in the past to analyze the pathophysiology and management of craniosynostosis, very few of which were intrauterine. Those that were interuterine had problems with either a short gestation or limited availability that prevented most researchers from using them in treatment analysis. We desired to ...
Williams A F - - 1998
This investigation aimed to ascertain whether embryo transfer was a feasible method of breaking the disease cycle caused by Chlamydia psittaci (ovis). Ten naive ewe lambs were inoculated orally with the T76 and G188 isolates of C. psittaci (ovis) in late pregnancy. Five animals which sero-converted to the complement fixation ...
Baguma-Nibasheka M - - 1998
We compared the in vitro response to oxytocin, prostaglandin (PG)E2, and PGF2alpha of myometrium and mesometrium from six ovariectomized ewes and 53 ewes at 106-145 days gestational age (dGA), including 14 ewes in spontaneous or betamethasone-induced labor. Myometrial baseline activity increased from 217+/-27 mN/cm2 of cross-sectional area (mean +/-SEM) in ...
Naimark W A - - 1998
In a developing lamb model, we have used hydrothermal isometric tension (HIT) techniques to assess collagen crosslink stability and its contribution to the mechanical properties of the pericardium. Strip samples of tissue were either: (i) heated to a 90 degrees C isotherm or (ii) heated in 5 degrees C increments ...
Gates P J - - 1998
One hundred twenty-one Swedish Landrace Finewool ewes were treated with progestagen sponges (P), teaser ram stimulation (R), or melatonin implants plus teaser ram stimulation (M) in preparation for breeding with whole rams in August. Blood progesterone analyses from ewes in the R and M groups gave no evidence of luteal ...
Freyre A - - 1997
Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii were measured before and after pregnancy in a 1:64 dilution of sera with the direct agglutination test in 1613 ewes from 18 farms in 8 different counties of Uruguay from 1992 to 1994. The overall seroprevalence increased from 28.7% before mating to 38.5% after lambing in ...
Ayen E - - 1997
The displacement of the tubular genital tract of ewes during pregnancy, in particular of the cervix relative to the cranial pelvic brim, was studied by sequential radiography using radio-opaque markers attached surgically before tupping. In the first year, 13 two-year-old parous ewes were fed a complete pelleted diet containing either ...
Wallace J M - - 1997
It has previously been reported that high nutrient intakes which promote rapid maternal growth throughout pregnancy are associated with poor pregnancy outcome when compared with normally growing adolescent animals. The present study examined the maternal plasma concentrations of a number of putative endocrine regulators of nutrient partitioning between the maternal ...
Hochereau-de Reviers M T - - 1997
The present study was conducted to compare in homozygous FecBBFecBB(BB) Booroola and ++ male fetuses, the body and the testicular growths and the tissular and cellular compositions of the testis between 60 and 140 days of gestation. To eliminate differences in growth due to uterine environment, single embryos have been ...
Barr A C - - 1997
Fenoxycarb (ethyl [2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)-ethyl] carbamate) is an insect growth regulator used for long-term fire ant control. Because of its effects on insect reproduction and its potential use on pasturage consumed by food animals, a reproductive study was conducted using Rambouillet sheep. The sheep were dosed daily with a placebo or with ...
Pejsak Z - - 1997
The aim of the presented studies was to demonstrate losses and economical consequences of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) outbreak in a large swine farm in Poland. Prior to the occurrence of PRRS the piglets' mortality rate did not exceed 6%, losses among weaners and fatteners were lower than ...
Moses D - - 1997
This report shows the results of a large-scale laparoscopic intrauterine insemination program on a flock of Australian Merino sheep in Argentine Patagonia. The study was carried out on a total of 1824 ewes (3-to-7-yr-old) and 480 ewe hoggets (19-20 months old) on 2 farms in the southeastern region of Santa ...
Bengtsson B - - 1997
Concentrations of penicillin-G in serum were determined after single intravenous doses of potassium penicillin-G (10 mg/kg body wt) to ewes and cows in late pregnancy and in early lactation. Penicillin-G in serum was analysed by a microbiological method and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by model-independent methods. Serum concentrations were lower ...
Doizé F - - 1997
Three experiments were conducted to determine gestational age in the ewe and doe by measuring placentomes with a B-mode ultrasonograph and a 5 MHz transducer. Transrectal measurements were obtained by placing the female over a bale of hay. In Experiment 1, ewes (n = 12) and does (n = 15) ...
Kohl T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Maternal morbidity and preterm labor from fetal surgery might be minimized by a percutaneous technique for fetal access and uterine closure. METHODS: In each of 16 ewes, we inserted three trocars percutaneously into the amniotic cavity using ultrasound and fetoscopic guidance. In six ewes, percutaneous uterine closure after the ...
Nottle M B - - 1997
A nutritional strategy for increasing ovulation rate in Merino ewes mated in late spring-early summer was evaluated on two commercial farms. The strategy used the 'ram effect' to induce oestrus in seasonally anoestrus ewes and supplementary feeding of lupin grain six days prior to oestrus to increase ovulation rate. Ewes ...
Vogiagis D - - 1997
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a pleiotropic cytokine, is implicated in blastocyst implantation in mice and maintains the development of ovine embryos in culture. Previously, LIF mRNA and protein were demonstrated in the endometrium throughout the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in the ewe. In this study pregnant ewes were passively ...
Buxton D - - 1997
In an initial experiment, 21 sheep in groups of five or six were inoculated subcutaneously (sc) with 10(8), 10(6) or 10(4) Neospora caninum tachyzoites (Liverpool isolate), or with control inoculum, and monitored for clinical signs and for "seroconversion". Animals given the two higher doses showed febrile responses and all three ...
Clarke L - - 1997
We examined the effect of maternal chronic cold exposure, induced by winter-shearing ewes 4 weeks before their predicted lambing date, on brown adipose tissue (BAT) and liver development in lambs. Fetuses were sampled from under-fed (60% of energy requirements for maintenance and pregnancy of an unshorn ewe) shorn or unshorn ...
Curry S C - - 1997
Coadministration of sodium thiosulfate with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) to children and adults prevents increases in cyanide concentrations during anesthesia or long-term SNP infusions. We wondered whether maternally administered sodium thiosulfate would prevent increases in fetal red cell cyanide concentrations in gravid ewes receiving SNP infusions. Under anesthesia, the fetal head ...
Pejsak Z - - 1997
In July of 1994 an acute onset of maternal reproductive failure occurred in a 2,330 sow farrow-to-finish farm. Clinical signs observed in the affected sows were typical for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). During the first 6 weeks of the epizootic 1,117 sows farrowed; 216 (19.33%) farrowed before the ...
Abrams R M - - 1997
During gestation there is likely to be a constantly changing rate of protein synthesis in the brain that may exhibit regional specificity. With the use of the quantitative autoradiographic L-[1-(14)C]leucine method for the determination of local rates of leucine incorporation into cerebral protein (lCPS(Leu)), we have sought to characterize this ...
Thrun L A - - 1997
Thyroid hormones are essential to end the breeding season in sheep; however, it is not clear whether thyroid hormone action is limited to initiation of seasonal reproductive suppression in the ewe. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of thyroid hormones on maintenance of anestrus and onset ...
Saiki Y - - 1997
The fetoscopic approach to fetal intervention is a promising minimally invasive technique for correcting congenital anomalies in utero. However, expansion of the amniotic cavity with CO2 to visualize the fetus causes fetal hypercarbia and acidosis. We assessed whether maternal hyperventilation during intrauterine CO2 insufflation could attenuate the fetal hypercarbic acidosis. ...
Kelk D A - - 1997
To determine the outcome of interbreeding sheep and goats, ewes and does were bred to rams and bucks, and their embryos recovered. Pregnancy was monitored in 2 does bred to a ram. Fertilization rates in ram X does, buck X does, ram X ewes, and buck X ewes were 72%, ...
Noppen M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative sweat production and -ionic composition in Essential Hyperhidrosis (EH), and the effects of T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathicolysis (TS) hereon, are unknown. Standardised pilocarpine iontophoresis sweat tests were performed before and after TS in order to study these issues. DESIGN AND METHODS: Pilocarpine iontophoretic sweat tests measuring maximal sweat production ...
Morris J R - - 1997
Gilts (n = 187) were randomly assigned to either the Hurnik-Morris housing system (HM) or a conventional gestation crate system (GC) prior to breeding. The Hurnik-Morris system provides housing for sows in small groups. Gilts were synchronized for estrus and bred to Duroc Hampshire commercial crossbred boars. Gilts were reared ...
Regnault, Timothy Robert Hume
Ovine placental lactogen (oPL) is postulated to be involved in the repartitioning of maternal nutrients during pregnancy, through its effect on insulin metabolism. Ovine pancreatic insulin responses to exogenous glucose are depressed during pregnancy and this depression becomes more pronounced as gestation advances. In addition, under the hormonal environment of ...
Wallace J M - - 1997
The objective of this study was to investigate whether peripheral plasma profiles of pregnancy specific protein B (PSPB) are predictive of pregnancy outcome in adolescent sheep in which growth of the placenta has been compromised by the competing nutrient demands of maternal tissue synthesis. Embryos recovered on day 4 after ...
Romjali E - - 1997
Faecal strongyle egg counts were monitored in peri-parturient ewes and dry ewes grazing in a rubber plantation in North Sumatra, Indonesia. A significant rise in faecal egg counts was observed during the post-parturient period. Haemonchus contortus was the dominant species in the faecal cultures of the lactating ewes. The intensity ...
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