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Results 201 - 250 of 847
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Kenyon P R - - 2005
AIMS: To determine if sward height grazed by ewes in mid- to late-pregnancy affects subsequent indices of colostrum intake by twin and triplet lambs, and the extent of the variation in colostrums intake between twin and triplet litter-mates. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 75 twin and 46 triplet litters, ...
Kenyon P R - - 2005
AIM: To determine whether short-term progesterone supplementation post mating or shearing of ewes in early pregnancy affected either the proportion of ewes that lambed or that had multiple lambs, or the birthweight of lambs. METHODS: Romney ewes (n=457) were synchronised in oestrus using controlled internal drug-releasing (CIDR) devices containing progesterone, ...
Kenyon P R - - 2005
AIM: To determine the effects of liveweight (LW) and use of teaser rams prior to mating on both the mating performance and pregnancy rate of ewe hoggets. METHODS: Romney hoggets (n=841) were weighed and randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups; either exposed to seven harnessed, vasectomised (teaser) rams ...
Wallace Jacqueline M - - 2005
Overnourishing the singleton-bearing adolescent sheep throughout pregnancy promotes maternal tissue synthesis at the expense of the nutrient requirements of the gravid uterus. Consequently, the growth of the placenta is impaired and results in the premature delivery of low-birth-weight lambs relative to moderately fed adolescents of equivalent age. To establish if ...
Abecia J A - - 2006
To determine the ovarian response to the ram effect after treatment with melatonin, on 8 March, 71 Rasa Aragonesa ewes were randomly assigned to either the treatment group and given an 18mg melatonin implant or the untreated group. On 19 April (day 0), rams were introduced into the flock. Melatonin ...
Loi Pasqualino - - 2006
We report on cloning experiments designed to explore the causes of peri- and post-natal mortality of cloned lambs. A total of 93 blastocysts obtained by nuclear transfer of somatic cells (granulosa cells) were transferred into 41 recipient ewes, and pregnancies were monitored by ultrasound scanning. In vitro derived, fertilized embryos ...
Grazul-Bilska Anna T - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to: (1) evaluate the pregnancy rates after transfer of embryos produced in the presence or absence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) during in vitro maturation, and (2) compare several variables of the gravid uterus on day 140 after fertilization in single, twin and triplet ...
Gaskins C T - - 2005
Breeding ewes to lamb at 1 yr of age can improve profitability for some production systems. The first objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of age and weight at breeding and total postweaning weight gain on reproductive performance of ewe lambs. The second objective was to compare ...
Bordes Agnes - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of autotransplantation of vitrified warmed hemi-ovaries into ewes. METHODS: Six hemi-ovaries from six ewes aged 6 to 12 months were vitrified. After dissection of the medulla, the hemi-ovarian cortex was stored at -196 degrees C in liquid nitrogen. ...
Bispham J - - 2005
Maternal nutrient restriction at specific stages of gestation has differential effects on fetal development such that the offspring are programmed to be at increased risk of a range of adult diseases, including obesity. We investigated the effect of maternal nutritional manipulation through gestation on fetal adipose tissue deposition in conjunction ...
Kleemann David O - - 2005
High levels of reproductive loss have been reported in commercial Merino flocks (n=68) from the cereal/livestock and high rainfall zones in South Australia (Kleemann DO, Walker SK. Fertility in South Australian commercial Merino flocks: sources of reproductive wastage. Theriogenology 2005;63:2075-88). Relationships between reproductive traits (estrus, ovulation, fertility, fecundity, lamb survival) ...
Reix Philippe - - 2005
This study was aimed at validating the use of a custom-made wireless pulse oximeter in freely moving lambs, using radiotelemetry transmission. First, measurements obtained simultaneously using the new, wireless oximeter and a standard commercially-available pulse oximeter (Nonin 8500) were compared in five lambs during 5min episodes of normoxia, hypoxia and ...
Luther Justin S - - 2005
The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of hormonal treatments on ovarian follicular development and oocyte quality in anestrous ewes. Multiparous crossbred (RambouilletxTarghee) ewes were given melatonin implants (MEL) and/or controlled internal drug release (CIDR) devices in conjunction with follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) during anestrus (March-May). ...
Kleemann David O - - 2005
To identify reasons for low fertility in the Merino in South Australia, we defined the extent and sources of reproductive wastage in flocks of maiden (n=14) and mature age (n=54) Merino ewes managed on 43 properties over 4 year. In a second study, reproductive wastage was examined in a very ...
Meurisse M - - 2005
The influence of estrus, pregnancy, parturition, and maternal experience on the expression of estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) was investigated in hypothalamic and limbic regions of the sheep brain, using immunocytochemistry. Four days before parturition, previous maternal experience was associated with a higher density of ERalpha-labeled neurons in the paraventricular and supraoptic ...
Vonnahme Kimberly A - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) production has been shown to increase uterine blood flow and be elevated in ewes carrying multiple fetuses during late gestation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported to increase eNOS expression and NO production in endothelial cell cultures. As angiogenesis and vasodilatation of the uterine and ...
Wu W X - - 2005
In sheep, fetal cortisol stimulates the conversion of progesterone to estradiol in late gestation initiating labor. It is unclear whether an intact fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is required to induce the estradiol-triggered subsequent endocrine changes including enhanced intrauterine prostaglandin (PG) synthesis associated with the onset of labor. We have shown ...
Oliver Mark H - - 2005
Maternal undernutrition during pregnancy can lead to impaired metabolic regulation in postnatal offspring. The extent to which such abnormalities are determined in early gestation, and may already be present in fetal life, is unknown. We studied the effect of periconceptional undernutrition on fetal growth and metabolism in late gestation. Ewes ...
Deligiannis C - - 2005
A novel method for oestrus-ovulation synchronization in sheep followed by fixed time insemination is presented herewith. Mature dry ewes (n = 28) of Karagouniko breed being at an unknown stage of the oestrous cycle, were used during the middle of breeding season. The treatment protocol consisted of an initial administration ...
Naqvi S M K - - 2005
The lambing rate obtained following cervical artificial insemination (AI) with frozen semen in sheep is low mainly due to the inability of frozen-thawed sperm to traverse the tortuous nature of the cervical canal. Although acceptable fertility has been attained by circumventing the cervical barrier through laparoscope aided intrauterine AI, the ...
Paganoni, Beth Louise
Ewes at two sites were fed to be either condition score 2 or 3 by Day 90 of pregnancy and then grazed on various levels of feed-on-offer (FOO) from Day 90 of pregnancy until weaning, to investigate whether nutrition of Merino ewes during pregnancy and lactation affected the muscle, fat ...
E.K. Bawa
The objective of the study was to investigate the results of Novidium (Homidium chloride) (R) chemotherapy on the effects of Trypanosoma. vivax infection on pregnancy and reproduction in Yankasa (YK) and West African Dwarf (WAD) ewes, infected in their first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. Three groups of ewes, ...
Parraguez V Ctor H - - 2005
The present studies assessed the effect of hypobaric hypoxia on fetal lamb growth in high-altitude (HA) and low-altitude (LA) native ewes. Growth patterns of fetal biparietal diameter (BPD), abdominal diameter (AD) and thorax height (TH) were described by consecutive ultrasound measurements throughout the entire pregnancy. Three groups of animals were ...
Ungerfeld R - - 2005
Two experiments were performed to determine the endocrine and ovarian changes in medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP)-primed ewes after ram introduction. Experiment 1 was performed during the mid-breeding season with 71 ewes primed with an intravaginal MAP sponge for 12 days. While the control (C) ewes (n = 35) were in permanent ...
Ponsky Lee E - - 2004
PURPOSE: We evaluate the feasibility of applying minimally invasive techniques for fetal vesicostomy. We also evaluate whether transuterine fetal vesicostomy can be performed laparoscopically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 pregnant ewes were time dated at approximately 90 days of gestation. With the animals under general anesthesia a low ...
Loose Jan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether activin A levels reflect oxygen availability in basal and hypoxic conditions in the late pregnant fetus and newborn lamb. DESIGN: In vivo animal experimental study. SETTING: Department of Physiology, Monash University. POPULATION: Chronically catheterised fetal sheep in late gestation. METHODS: Fetal hypoxia was induced at 125 ...
Val-Laillet David - - 2004
The establishment of filial bonding in sheep relies on the success of the first suckling bouts. Previous work has shown that colostrum ingestion facilitates the development of a preference for the mother. We conducted a series of experiments to investigate the influence of quantitative and qualitative factors linked to fluid ...
Ng'ang'a C J - - 2004
An investigation on the occurrence of peri-parturient rise in trichostrongylid nematode egg output in breeding ewes was carried out on a Ranch in the semi-arid area of Kajiado District in Kenya during the period May 1999-April 2000. During the study, 20 ewes randomly selected from the breeding stock and 20 ...
Scheaffer A N - - 2004
The objectives of this study were to evaluate intestinal cellularity and vascularity in mature ewes in response to dietary restriction and pregnancy status and to quantify the response of these variables to increased nutrient demand of fetal growth. In Exp. 1, 28 mature Dorset x crossbred white-faced ewes (61.6+/-1.8 kg ...
King M E - - 2004
Intrauterine insemination by laparoscopy is required to achieve acceptable lambing rates in ewes when using frozen semen but the procedure has evoked welfare concerns. Oxytocin has been used to dilate the cervix as a means of accessing the uterus during conventional cervical insemination, but its effect on fertility is not ...
Menchaca A - - 2004
Traditional treatments of two prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2alpha) doses at 10-day intervals or more did not result in acceptable pregnancy rates in timed artificial insemination (TAI) programmes in ewes. An explanation might be the undefined time-period of the onset of oestrus and ovulation after the treatment. Recently a consistent interval ...
Kenyon P R - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the effects of liveweight (LW) and condition score (CS) of ewes at mating on both mating performance and scanning percentage, and to determine if effects of CS were independent of LW. METHODS: Two groups of ewes, comprising 1,780 mixed-aged Romney (Rom MA) and 692 composite two-tooth (1/8 ...
Raffi Margarida B - - 2004
Seventeen pregnant ewes were orally fed variable amounts of either green or dried leaves of Ateleia glazioviana in 1 through 24 daily doses. All 17 ewes manifested some form of reproductive failure. Nine (52.9%) aborted their fetuses at 4 through 36 d after starting being fed the leaves of the ...
Wulster-Radcliffe Meghan C - - 2004
Cervical anatomy limits the use of transcervical intrauterine artificial insemination (TC AI) in sheep. We have developed an instrument to cope atraumatically with the cervix; although this instrument has not affected fertilization rate or pregnancy rate through Day 3, the effects on sperm transport and pregnancy after Day 3 are ...
Holásková Ida - - 2004
PROBLEM: Spontaneous mastitis or induced infections mimicking mastitis reduce pregnancy rates in ruminants. The effect of immunization with either a mastitis-related pathogen component, peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS), or killed Streptococcus pyogenes on pregnancy outcome was investigated. METHOD OF STUDY: Ewe lambs were immunized with PG-PS (n = 50) or killed bacteria (n ...
Mahieu Maurice - - 2004
Ovulation rate (OR) and litter size (LS) were recorded in local hair sheep of Martinique and in local x Lacaune-viande crossbreeds, in order to assess prenatal losses. Local hair sheep LS and OR were 1.91 and 2.41, respectively. Prenatal losses increased with OR, from 0.22 (OR = 2) up to ...
Edwards L J - - 2005
It has been proposed that maternal nutrient restriction may alter the functional development of the adipocyte and the synthesis and secretion of the adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, before birth. We have investigated the effects of restricted periconceptional undernutrition and/or restricted gestational nutrition on fetal plasma leptin concentrations and fetal adiposity in ...
McMullen S - - 2004
In the placenta, cortisol is inactivated by NADP(+)- and NAD(+)-dependent isoforms of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). Decreased placental 11betaHSD activities have been implicated in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal programming of adult diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate whether placental 11betaHSD activities and fetal plasma cortisol:cortisone ratios ...
Kenyon P R - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the effects of liveweight and condition score of ewes at mating, and shearing mid-pregnancy, on birthweights and growth rates of twin lambs from birth to the time of weaning, and; to determine whether any effect of condition score is independent of liveweight. METHODS: Romney ewes (n=435) which ...
Nakajima Wako - - 2004
There have been only three previous reports of women with Ewing sarcoma who received chemotherapy while pregnant. A 17-year-old woman with Ewing sarcoma was treated with a combination of doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and ifosfamide during the 25th to 30th week of gestation, and the baby was delivered at the 32nd week. ...
Karen Aly - - 2004
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of previous fasting and lifting of the abdomen of the ewes during transrectal ultrasonographic scanning on the results of early pregnancy diagnosis. Ewes of four flocks (A, B, C and D; all Awassi x Merino ewes, n = 1247 ) aged ...
Tummaruk Padet - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to retrospectively investigate causes of variation on litter size at birth (total number of piglets born per litter (TB) and number of piglets born alive per litter (BA)) of Landrace (L) and Yorkshire (Y) sows in swine nucleus herds in Thailand. The data ...
El-Haddad M A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is produced in adipocytes and is present in the term fetus. In the adult, leptin acts centrally to inhibit neuropeptide Y-induced carbohydrate intake. We sought to examine if central leptin alters fetal ingestion of oral sucrose in the near-term ovine fetus. METHODS: Five pregnant ewes and fetuses were ...
Schoenecker Kathryn A - - 2004
We conpared three fecal steroid metabolite assays for their usefulness in detecting pregnalcy among free-ranging Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis canadensis) from Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area, Wyoming and Montana (USA) and captive bighorn ewes at ZooMontana in Billings, Montana. Fecal samples were collected from 11 free-ranging, radio-collared bighorn ...
Kramer Boris W - - 2004
Corticosteroids are routinely administered to women at risk for preterm delivery to induce fetal lung maturation. Antenatal corticosteroids have immunomodulatory effects on fetal immune cells that are poorly understood. We hypothesized that maternal betamethasone would alter in fetal monocytes both the initiation of inflammation in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli and ...
Kim John - - 2004
We examined the stereoselective disposition of fluoxetine (FX) and its metabolite norfluoxetine (NFX) in five pregnant sheep. Racemic FX was administered i.v. to the ewe (50 mg) and the fetus (10 mg) on separate occasions. Maternal and fetal blood, maternal urine, and fetal amniotic and tracheal fluid samples were collected ...
Freetly H C - - 2004
Metabolizable energy requirements of the ewe increase during pregnancy due to increases in fetal and maternal metabolism. Fetal metabolism is related to total weight of the fetuses. Fetal number is a primary contributor to fetal weight. Litter birth weight represents the culminated fetal growth of the litter and can be ...
Barrett D M W - - 2004
A standard dose of 500 IU of eCG is commonly given to progestogen pre-treated anestrous ewes for induction of estrus. Twelve seasonally anestrous and 12 cyclic Western White Face ewes were treated for 12 days with intravaginal sponges impregnated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP). In trials in both the breeding and ...
Banchero G E - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that supplementation with cracked maize during the last week of pregnancy would provide ewes with a substrate for glucose and enhance the synthesis of lactose and, consequently, their production of colostrum. Thirty single- and 30 twin-bearing ewes were fed lucerne hay and half of each group ...
Akif Cam Mehmet - - 2004
Reproductive performance and fetal growth were determined when hCG (150 i.u. Pregnyl; n=44), GnRH (4 microg synthetic GnRH agonist, buserelin, Receptal; n=43) or saline (control, n=45) was administered (i.m.) to ewes on day 12 post mating during the breeding season. A total of 12 ewes was slaughtered on day 45 ...
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