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Lazic Tatjana - - 2007
In addition to neurodevelopmental effects, alcohol consumption at high levels during pregnancy is associated with immunomodulation and premature birth. Premature birth, in turn, is associated with increased susceptibility to various infectious agents such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The initial line of pulmonary innate defense includes the mucociliary apparatus, which ...
Perrin G - - 2007
The present study was designed to investigate the role of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) in the onset and maintenance of maternal behavior in sheep. In a first experiment, the MPOA or BNST were transiently inactivated during the first 2 h ...
Reed J J - - 2007
To examine effects of nutrient restriction and dietary Se on maternal and fetal visceral tissues, 36 pregnant Targhee-cross ewe lambs were allotted randomly to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Treatments were plane of nutrition [control, 100% of requirements vs. restricted, 60% of controls] and ...
El Amiri B - - 2007
This study describes ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) concentrations in 20 Lacaune sheep during early pregnancy. Measurements were performed by using semi-purified ovPAG as standard, tracer and immunogens for antibody production in rabbits. Antisera R780 (against ovPAG(57+59kDa)) and R805 (against ovPAG5(58+61kDa)) were used respectively in RIA-780 and RIA-805. Blood samples were ...
Laurent Alexandre - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of bilateral uterine artery embolization (UAE) upon fertility in sheep. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-based interventional radiology, pathology, and reproductive physiology units. ANIMAL(S): Nineteen control ewes, 10 ewes embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles (PVA group), and 10 ewes embolized with Tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TGMS group). ...
Luther Justin - - 2007
The influence of relative maternal undernutrition on growth, endocrinology, and metabolic status in the adolescent ewe and her fetus were investigated at Days 90 and 130 of gestation. Singleton pregnancies to a single sire were established, and thereafter ewes were offered an optimal control (C; n = 14) or low ...
Toran Laura - - 2007
The permeability of some karst aquifers consists of networks of poorly integrated conduits and dissolution-widened fractures. The flow includes conduit flow, especially during storm recharge, but lacks the focused recharge into single master conduits that occurs in more highly developed karst systems. The proportions of conduit and dispersed flow are ...
Fragkou Ilectra A - - 2007
We used a Mannheimia haemolytica isolate to study differences in susceptibility to experimental mastitis between two breeds of dairy sheep. The isolate was deposited into the teat duct of Karagouniko (K, n=8) or Frisarta (F, n=8) ewes. The animals were monitored by means of clinical, bacteriological, cytological and pathological methods. ...
Weems Yoshie S - - 2007
By day-90, the placenta secretes half of the circulating progesterone and 85% of the circulating estradiol-17beta [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22; Weems YS, Vincent DL, Nusser ...
Gougoulis D A - - 2008
Subclinical mastitis was induced by inoculating one mammary gland in dairy ewes (n=8) with a Staphylococcus simulans isolate; control ewes (n=4) were included. The milk yield of inoculated glands decreased (P<0.001), the California Mastitis Test (CMT) score increased and the organism could be recovered from the inoculated glands. With time, ...
Su G - - 2007
Selection for total number of piglets born (TNB) since 1992 has led to a significant increase in this trait in Danish Landrace and Danish Yorkshire but has also been accompanied by an increase in piglet mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic and phenotypic parameters for ...
Lammers P J - - 2007
The effects of gestation housing systems on sow and litter performance were evaluated for 2.5 yr in southwest Iowa. Gestation housing system treatments were as follows: 1) individual gestation stalls in a mechanically ventilated confinement building with a partially slatted floor and a manure flush system and 2) group pens ...
Dixon A B - - 2007
Embryonic and fetal mortality reduce lambing rates and litter sizes, thus contributing to economic losses in the sheep industry. In the current study, the timing of late embryonic and fetal loss in ewes and the factors with which these losses were associated were examined. Ewes lambing and lambs born were ...
de Nicolo G - - 2008
The objective of the present experiment was to determine whether failure to become pregnant through out-of-season reproductive management regimes is attributable to a failure to stimulate normal corpora lutea (CL) production. Romney ewes and East Friesian Composite (EF) ewes were mated in summer, autumn, winter, and early and late spring ...
Ocón-Grove Olga M - - 2008
In ruminants, conceptus development beyond the blastocyst state requires input from uterine-derived factors. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is expressed by the bovine endometrium throughout the estrus cycle and early pregnancy and stimulates trophectoderm expression of interferon-tau, the maternal recognition of pregnancy factor in ruminants. The objective of this study ...
A.H. Fallah Rad
Two blood samples, 8 days apart were taken from 150 Balouchi ewes being in their 3-5 years of age and serum Progesterone (P4) concentrations were determined. One hundred and twenty five ewes that had lower P4 concentrations have been chosen and in a completely randomized design were assigned into 5 ...
Guimarães-Soares Luís - - 2007
The aquatic hyphomycetes Fontanospora fusiramosa and Flagellospora curta isolated from a clean and a metal-contaminated site, respectively, were tested for the production of thiol compounds when exposed to Cd, Zn, and Cu for short- and long-term periods. After 8 days, control cultures of F. curta had a total thiol (T-SH) ...
Song Gwonhwa - - 2007
Radical S-adenosyl methionine domain containing 2 (RSAD2) encodes a cytoplasmic antiviral protein induced by interferons (IFN). Interferon-induced with helicase C domain 1 (IFIH1) is a RNA helicase involved in innate immune defense against viruses, growth suppression, and apoptosis. Interferon tau (IFNT), a Type I IFN produced by the peri-implantation ruminant ...
Mitchell Linda M - - 2007
Scottish Blackface ewes from cobalt-deficient farmland were fed a diet containing 0.06 mg cobalt per kg dry matter from approximately 30 days before embryo recovery/transfer until lambing. Ewes remained untreated (-Co; n = 82) or were given an intraruminal cobalt-containing bolus to compensate for the dietary deficit (+Co; n = ...
Rodger S M - - 2006
To investigate the potential role of endogenous transplacental transmission of Toxoplasma gondii, 31 seropositive ewes presumed to be persistently infected with the parasite and 15 seronegative ewes were mated and monitored throughout pregnancy and lambing. Antibody titres were determined in precolostral sera from the liveborn lambs and in thoracic fluid ...
Nagae Hideki - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In utero shunting (vesico-amniotic shunt) of obstructive uropathy in fetal lambs produces a shrunken, noncompliant bladder. We hypothesized that using a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt for the vesico-amniotic shunt may preserve the filling/emptying cycle and thus normal bladder development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created obstructive uropathy in 60-day gestation fetal lambs, ...
Wallace Jacqueline M - - 2006
When pregnant adolescent sheep are overnourished to promote maternal growth during pregnancy, growth of the placenta is impaired and results in the premature delivery of low birth weight lambs relative to control-fed adolescents of equivalent age. These effects have been achieved by feeding two levels of the same complete diet. ...
Hinkelbein Jochen - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Nail polish of different colours may alter accuracy and precision of pulse oximetry as previous data in healthy volunteers suggest. This trial evaluates the oxygen saturation determined by pulse oximetry and haematoximetry with nail polish of nine different colours applied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty critically ill and mechanically ventilated ...
Kitagawa Hiroaki - - 2006
Vesico-amniotic shunting of obstructive uropathy in fetal lambs produced a thick-walled, poorly compliant bladder. We report the early histological changes in the obstructed bladder wall. We created an obstructive uropathy in fetal lambs at 60 days gestation by ligating the urethra and urachus. Vesicostomy or vesico-amniotic shunt tube insertion and ...
Muhlhausler B S - - 2007
During fetal life, adipose tissue is predominantly comprised of brown or thermogenic adipocytes and there is a transition to white, lipid-storing adipocytes after birth concomitant with the onset of suckling. In pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes, the fetus is hyperglycemic, has an increased fat mass, and is at increased risk ...
Naqvi S M K - - 2006
The Garole is a prolific breed of microsheep that possesses the FecB gene, which increases ovulation rate. The purpose of this study was to compare embryo production by multiple ovulation in seven Garole ewes with that in seven normal size, non-prolific Malpura ewes, and assess the influence of the large ...
Steckler T L - - 2007
Evidence suggests that exposure to excess steroids during critical periods of fetal development leads to reproductive disorders. Exposure of female lambs to excess testosterone (T) from Days 60 to 90 of gestation (T60-90; term, 147 days) delayed onset of the LH surge and resulted in to male-typical reproductive behavior. The ...
Regnault T R H - - 2007
Severe fetal growth restriction (FGR) is often associated with hypoxia. We studied FGR hypoxia in an experimental model which is produced by exposing pregnant ewes to a hyperthermic environment. The study utilized simultaneous measurements of several relevant factors, e.g., uterine and umbilical blood flows and O(2) uptakes. Sixteen ewes were ...
Savabieasfahani Mozhgan - - 2006
Increased occurrence of reproductive disorders has raised concerns regarding the impact of endocrine-disrupting chemicals on reproductive health, especially when such exposure occurs during fetal life. Prenatal testosterone (T) treatment leads to growth retardation, postnatal hypergonadotropism, compromised estradiol-positive feedback, polycystic ovaries, and infertility in the adult. Prenatal dihydrotestosterone treatment failed to ...
Tan Clifford - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Panadol Extend is a modified-release paracetamol formulation in which each 665 mg tablet contains 69% slow-release and 31% immediate-release paracetamol. There are no data on Panadol Extend pharmacokinetics in overdose. It is unknown whether the paracetamol treatment nomogram can be used to make decisions regarding the toxicity of this ...
Valderrábano J - - 2006
A study was made of the effect of body fat stored by ewes in early pregnancy on the subsequent immune response to gastrointestinal parasites around parturition. Pregnant ewes were given access to a lucerne pelleted diet either ad libitum (H) or at approximately 0.70 of their maintenance requirements (L) from ...
Zhang Qi - - 2006
This study was designed to determine the regulatory effect of glucocorticoid and estradiol on expression of ovine intrauterine membrane-associated prostaglandin E(2) synthase 1 (mPTGES1) in late gestation and at labor. For gestational and labor groups, 16 pregnant ewes from 95-147 d gestational age (dGA) and four pregnant ewes at spontaneous ...
Sloman Katherine A - - 2006
The physiological and behavioural responses of two size groups of oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) to hypoxia were studied. The physiological responses were tested by measuring M(O(2)) during decreasing environmental oxygen tensions. Larger oscars were better able to maintain oxygen consumption during a decrease in P(O(2)), regulating routine M(O(2)) to a significantly ...
Val-Laillet David - - 2006
The present study investigated the rewarding effects of nonnutritive sucking on the development of a filial preference. Two experiments were conducted to test whether nonnutritive visceral and oral stimuli have reinforcing properties independent from each other or act in synergy. Lambs could interact freely with their dam but were deprived ...
Kenyon P R - - 2006
AIM: To determine the effects of liveweight (LW) and duration of teasing with vasectomised rams prior to breeding on both the mating performance and pregnancy rate of ewe hoggets. METHODS: Five hundred and forty-six (1/2) Romney x (1/4) Texel x (1/4) Finnish Landrace ewe hoggets were weighed and randomly assigned ...
Ledezma-Torres R A - - 2006
The purpose of the present investigation was to generate pregnancy associated glycoprotein (PAG)-profiles throughout pregnancy in a heterogenous sample of sheep using a radioimmunoassay with a heterologous antibody (anti-caPAG(55+59), #708) and utilize them for the purpose of pregnancy detection. From 2 weeks after the introduction of males into the breeding ...
Song Gwonhwa - - 2006
Cystatin C (CST3) is a secreted inhibitor of lysosomal cysteine proteases cathepsins B (CTSB) and CTSL, which are abundant in the ovine endometrium and conceptus. In mice, cathepsins and cystatins play important roles in implantation and placentation. This study determined effects of the estrous cycle, pregnancy, progesterone (P4), and interferon-tau ...
Liu Xinyu - - 2006
In the ewe, a rise in circulating concentrations of FSH preceding follicular wave emergence begins in the presence of growing follicles from a previous wave. We hypothesized that prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) given at the time of an endogenous FSH peak in cyclic ewes would result in synchronous ovulation of follicles ...
Al-Gubory K H - - 2006
Ovine placental lactogen (oPL) is produced by the conceptus trophectoderm and is secreted into both the maternal and fetal circulations. The present study was designed to examine in vivo the luteotropic effect of recombinant oPL (roPL), as determined by monitoring progesterone concentration and cycle length (experiment 1), and the antioxidative ...
Costine Beth A - - 2007
During maternal recognition of pregnancy, the conceptus stimulates endometrial secretion of PGF2alpha and PGE2. However, PGF2alpha is less effective in causing luteal regression in pregnant than in non-pregnant ewes. Experiments were conducted to elucidate mechanisms for reduced luteal sensitivity to PGF2alpha during maternal recognition of pregnancy. Corpora lutea (CL) were ...
Freking B A - - 2006
A resource population of ewes derived from Dorset and Romanov grandparents was generated over 5 yr to provide genotypic and phenotypic data to estimate effects of each callipyge genotype on component traits of reproduction. Effects on ovulation rate were estimated from data recorded by examination of ovaries from serially slaughtered ...
Ali A - - 2006
This study was undertaken to describe the development of individual follicles and corpora lutea (CL) in Ossimi ewe lambs at different seasons of the year in the subtropics. Seven ewe lambs underwent daily ultrasonographic examination for 20 interovulatory periods (IOP) during spring, winter and autumn. Ovarian follicles >or=2 mm and ...
Harmeyer J - - 2006
The impact of pregnancy on ketone body disposal during a hyperketonaemic clamp was examined by tracer isotope dilution techniques in seven 12 h fasted sheep in three reproductive states, in the dry non-gestating period, late in gestation and during early lactation. After a sampling period of 60 min under basal ...
Karen Aly - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and, compare the accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonographic (US) and the progesterone (P4-RIA) and ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG-RIA) tests for the discrimination between single and multiple pregnancy in sheep. One hundred pregnant AwassixMerino ewes were scanned by transabdominal ultrasonography (3.5 MHz linear-array ...
Spencer Thomas E - - 2006
Endometrial gland development is a postnatal event in the ovine uterus that can be inhibited epigenetically by chronic exposure of ewe lambs to a synthetic progestin after birth. The uterus of neonatally progestinized ewes lack endometrial glands and display a uterine gland knockout (UGKO) phenotype. Progestin ablation of endometrial gland ...
Scott Jennifer L - - 2006
Leucocyte changes after insemination may affect conceptus implantation, but information regarding leucocyte populations in the ruminant reproductive tract is limited. The present study investigated changes in leucocyte populations and distribution in the ovine reproductive tract following oestrus and insemination. Fifteen ewes were mated with a ram for 1 h and ...
Bazer Fuller W - - 2006
Interferon (IFN)tau, a Type I IFN produced by the conceptus trophectoderm, is the pregnancy recognition signal in ruminants that prevents development of the endometrial luteolytic mechanism. In addition, IFNtau acts in a paracrine manner on the ovine endometrium to induce or increase expression of type I IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). Initially, ...
Parraguez Víctor H - - 2006
Fetal growth and newborn weight from ovine gestations at high altitudes (HA) are greater in ewes that live at HA for several generations than in those native to low altitudes (LA) exposed to HA only during pregnancy. Because the placenta is a key regulator of fetal growth, the present study ...
Casas E - - 2005
Objectives were to estimate effects of sire breed (Dorset, Finnsheep, Romanov, Texel, and Montadale), dam breed [Composite III (CIII) and northwestern whiteface (WF)], mating season (March and May), and their interactions on reproductive traits of mature F1 ewes in spring mating seasons. A total of 1,099 F1 ewes produced 1,754 ...
Kleemann David O - - 2006
Wide variation in reproductive performance of commercial Merino flocks in south central Australia is the result of genetic and environmental influences that are both amenable to change through decisions of management. Relationships of reproductive traits (estrus, ovulation, fertility, fecundity, lamb survival, and lambs weaned) with variables that graziers can change ...
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