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Gao Haijun - - 2009
Nutrients in uterine secretions are essential for development and survival of conceptuses (embryo and associated extraembryonic membranes) during pregnancy; however, little is known about changes in the amounts of specific nutrients in the uterine fluids of cyclic and pregnant ruminants. This study determined quantities of glucose, amino acids, glutathione, calcium, ...
Brunet P - - 2008
The paper reports on the comparison of the wetting properties of superhydrophobic silicon nanowires (NWs), using drop impact impalement and electrowetting (EW) experiments. A correlation between the resistance to impalement on both EW and drop impact is shown. From the results, it is evident that when increasing the length and ...
Vonnahme K A - - 2008
Ovine placentomes vary in shape, with type A placentomes being concave, type D convex, and types B and C intermediate in morphology. It has been speculated that as placentomes advance in type they differ in vascularity and nutrient transport capacity. Our objective was to determine cellularity and vascularity measurements, angiogenic ...
Ali A - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of breeding season [late spring (LSP) vs winter (WIN)] on reproductive performances, foetal development and progesterone (P(4)) concentrations of sheep in the subtropics. Ewes of Farafra breed were exposed for mating in LSP (n = 79) and WIN (n ...
Waage Steinar - - 2008
An m:n matched case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for ovine clinical mastitis (CM). Data were from a national sheep registry and only ewes that lambed in the spring of 2004 were included. Eligible cases (n = 2857) and controls (n = 76,716) from 1056 flocks of meat ...
Quigley S P - - 2008
Maternal feed allowance during pregnancy can affect the development of the ovine placenta and fetus. The impact of variations in feed allowance prior to as well as throughout pregnancy has received less attention. Ewes were offered 0.6 (R), 1.2 (C) or 1.8 (AL) maintenance requirements from 89 days before conception ...
Firth E C - - 2008
Bone formation and loss are related to the strain imposed on bone by muscle forces. Bone mineral content (BMC) and lean mass (LM) of fetal lambs was determined at day 140 of pregnancy in 8 groups of ewes, which were of either large or small body size, on either high ...
Munsterhjelm C - - 2008
From 1.1.2013 EU legislation will permit stall-housing of dry sows for only 4 weeks post-service. Stalls are associated with compromised animal welfare, but group housing comes with risks from social confrontations. Studies on housing effects on fertility have produced contradictory results as systems are inconsistently defined. Effects of housing on ...
deNicolo G - - 2009
The objective of this experiment was to measure blood progesterone concentrations during early gestation to determine if the apparent reproductive failure in ewes bred out-of-season is due to a failure to conceive or embryonic loss. Blood samples were collected from spring- (n=61) and autumn-bred ewes (n=29) from Days 8 to ...
Hawken P A R - - 2009
This study compared the affect of short-term and continuous exposure to rams during the transition between anoestrus and the breeding season on the distribution of mating and subsequent lambing. Further, within ewes continuously exposed to rams we investigated the effect of replacing these rams every 17 days with 'novel' rams. ...
Goodwin-Ray K A - - 2008
Subclinical pneumonia is common in production lambs, and causes reductions in growth rate. We selected farms from meat-inspection records of three New Zealand abattoirs from December 2000 to May 2001 to study risk factors for flocks having >or=3% of their lambs with >or=10% of the lung surface with lesions, compared ...
Lilenbaum W - - 2008
Thirteen goat herds and seven sheep flocks in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were screened for leptospirosis. From the three herds and three flocks with greatest seroreactivity, 19 goats (16 females and three bucks) and 40 sheep (26 ewes and 14 rams) that were seropositive (specific anti-Leptospira titres ...
Dwyer C M - - 2008
Individual variation in the expression of maternal behaviour can affect offspring development and survival. Ewes showing a poorer quality of maternal behaviour (low levels of licking and grooming, infrequent low-pitched bleating, inconsistent udder acceptance) at parturition and throughout lactation (large ewe-lamb distance, low vigilance) form a weaker bond with their ...
Jobgen W S - - 2008
Adequate delivery of AA is essential for normal fetal growth and development. Recently, we reported that when ewes from the University of Wyoming flock (farm flock with adequate nutrition) were fed 50% (nutrient-restricted) or 100% (control-fed) of the NRC-recommended nutrient requirements between d 28 and 78 of gestation, fetal weights ...
Afolayan R A - - 2008
The reproduction of 2,846 crossbreed ewes with 7,899 records is reported. The ewes were progeny of mainly Merino dams and 91 sires from several maternal sire breeds including Border Leicester, East Friesian, Finnsheep, Coopworth, Corriedale, Booroola Leicester, and several others. There were 3 cohorts of ewes at each of 3 ...
Eggink A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether a collagen biomatrix is useful for delayed intrauterine coverage of a surgically created spina bifida in a fetal lamb. METHODS: In 20 fetal lambs, surgery was performed at 72 or 79 days' gestation. In 15 lambs a spina bifida was ...
Oliveira João F - - 2008
The ruminant conceptus synthesizes and secretes interferon (IFN)-tau, which presumably acts via an intrauterine paracrine mechanism to signal maternal recognition of pregnancy. The aims of this study were to determine whether IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) such as ISG15 and OAS-1 are differentially expressed in blood cells circulating in the uterus of ...
Saldeen Pia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the Cook Sydney IVF (SIVF) embryo transfer (ET) catheter and the Edwards-Wallace (EW) ET catheter. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial with an intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Two-center study. PATIENT(S): Four hundred consecutive women <40 years undergoing ET with two fresh embryos. INTERVENTION(S): Women were ...
Kenyon P R - - 2007
AIM: To determine the effects of the ratio of vasectomised (teaser) rams to ewe hoggets used prior to breeding on the breeding performance and pregnancy rate of ewe hoggets. METHODS: Romney-composite ewe hoggets (n=1,180), 7-8 months of age, were randomly assigned to one of five treatment groups (Day 1) and ...
Moeini M M - - 2007
A trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of FGA (Fluorogestone acetate) and CIDR (Controlled internal drug release) on the induction of estrus and pregnancy and fecundity rates of the Sanjabi and Lori sheep. A total of 360 Sanjabi and Lori sheep were randomly grouped into two treatments with intravaginal ...
Everett-Hincks J M - - 2008
This paper examines the environmental and management factors affecting lamb survival on high-performing sheep farms in New Zealand. Improved lambing percentage is the biggest contributor to higher profits on New Zealand sheep farms. Many sheep breeders have selected and bred ewes for increased fecundity over the last 4 decades. The ...
Gao Feng - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of hormonal status and metabolic changes of restricted ewes during late pregnancy on the ovine fetus growth and development. One hundred Mongolian ewes, synchronized for oestrus and mated, were divided into three groups and offered 0.175 MJME.kgw(-0.75).d(-1) (Restricted Group 1, RG1), 0.33 MJME.kgw(-0.75).d(-1) (Restricted Group ...
Davey Marcus - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A morphometric study was performed to examine the effects of prenatal glucocorticoids, which were administered 48 hours before birth, on muscularization of small pulmonary arterioles (<60 microm diameter) in lambs with diaphragmatic hernia (DH) after fetal tracheal occlusion (TO). STUDY DESIGN: DH was created in 23 fetal sheep at ...
Dong Feng F Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, - - 2008
Intrauterine nutrition status is reported to correlate with risk of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. Either under- or overnutrition during early to mid gestation contributes to altered fetal growth and ventricular geometry. This study was designed to examine myocardial expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor alpha (CNTFRalpha) and its downstream mediator ...
Wurst A K - - 2007
The objective was to determine if transrectal ultrasonography for determination of pregnancy in restrained ewes increases embryonic/fetal death or loss of pregnancy. Ten flocks (N=873 ewes) bred in either the estrous or anestrous season were randomized, into control (C) or examined (E) groups within flock. Examined ewes were placed in ...
Dwyer C M - - 2008
The relatively intensive supervision afforded many ewes at lambing time is a barrier to the development of low-input sheep management systems. However, in some flocks, reduction in this level of supervision may initially affect lamb mortality and animal welfare. In this review, possibilities for optimizing behavioral interaction between the ewe ...
Weems Y S - - 2007
LH regulates luteal progesterone secretion during the estrous cycle in ewes and cows. However, PGE, not LH, stimulated ovine luteal progesterone secretion in vitro at day 90 of pregnancy and at day 200 in cows. The hypophysis is not obligatory after day 50 nor the ovaries after day 55 to ...
Goodwin-Ray K A - - 2008
We recorded lesions of moderate-to-severe pneumonia (>or=10% lung surface area affected; "pneumonia") in 1,899,556 lambs submitted to three New Zealand abbatoirs between December 2000 and September 2001. The average prevalence of pneumonia ranged between 7 and 13%, by abbatoir. We ran a two-level mixed-effects binomial logistic-regression model with the prevalence ...
Lazic Tatjana T Department of Veterinary Pathology, 2740 College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1250, USA. - - 2007
In addition to neurodevelopmental effects, alcohol consumption at high levels during pregnancy is associated with immunomodulation and premature birth. Premature birth, in turn, is associated with increased susceptibility to various infectious agents such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The initial line of pulmonary innate defense includes the mucociliary apparatus, which ...
Perrin G - - 2007
The present study was designed to investigate the role of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) in the onset and maintenance of maternal behavior in sheep. In a first experiment, the MPOA or BNST were transiently inactivated during the first 2 h ...
Reed J J - - 2007
To examine effects of nutrient restriction and dietary Se on maternal and fetal visceral tissues, 36 pregnant Targhee-cross ewe lambs were allotted randomly to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Treatments were plane of nutrition [control, 100% of requirements vs. restricted, 60% of controls] and ...
El Amiri B - - 2007
This study describes ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) concentrations in 20 Lacaune sheep during early pregnancy. Measurements were performed by using semi-purified ovPAG as standard, tracer and immunogens for antibody production in rabbits. Antisera R780 (against ovPAG(57+59kDa)) and R805 (against ovPAG5(58+61kDa)) were used respectively in RIA-780 and RIA-805. Blood samples were ...
Laurent Alexandre - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of bilateral uterine artery embolization (UAE) upon fertility in sheep. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-based interventional radiology, pathology, and reproductive physiology units. ANIMAL(S): Nineteen control ewes, 10 ewes embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles (PVA group), and 10 ewes embolized with Tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TGMS group). ...
Luther Justin - - 2007
The influence of relative maternal undernutrition on growth, endocrinology, and metabolic status in the adolescent ewe and her fetus were investigated at Days 90 and 130 of gestation. Singleton pregnancies to a single sire were established, and thereafter ewes were offered an optimal control (C; n = 14) or low ...
Toran Laura - - 2007
The permeability of some karst aquifers consists of networks of poorly integrated conduits and dissolution-widened fractures. The flow includes conduit flow, especially during storm recharge, but lacks the focused recharge into single master conduits that occurs in more highly developed karst systems. The proportions of conduit and dispersed flow are ...
Fragkou Ilectra A - - 2007
We used a Mannheimia haemolytica isolate to study differences in susceptibility to experimental mastitis between two breeds of dairy sheep. The isolate was deposited into the teat duct of Karagouniko (K, n=8) or Frisarta (F, n=8) ewes. The animals were monitored by means of clinical, bacteriological, cytological and pathological methods. ...
Weems Yoshie S - - 2007
By day-90, the placenta secretes half of the circulating progesterone and 85% of the circulating estradiol-17beta [Weems YS, Vincent D, Tanaka Y, et al. Effects of prostaglandin F(2alpha) on sources of progesterone and pregnancy in intact, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized 90-100 day pregnant ewes. Prostaglandins 1992;43:203-22; Weems YS, Vincent DL, Nusser ...
Gougoulis D A - - 2008
Subclinical mastitis was induced by inoculating one mammary gland in dairy ewes (n=8) with a Staphylococcus simulans isolate; control ewes (n=4) were included. The milk yield of inoculated glands decreased (P<0.001), the California Mastitis Test (CMT) score increased and the organism could be recovered from the inoculated glands. With time, ...
Su G - - 2007
Selection for total number of piglets born (TNB) since 1992 has led to a significant increase in this trait in Danish Landrace and Danish Yorkshire but has also been accompanied by an increase in piglet mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic and phenotypic parameters for ...
Lammers P J - - 2007
The effects of gestation housing systems on sow and litter performance were evaluated for 2.5 yr in southwest Iowa. Gestation housing system treatments were as follows: 1) individual gestation stalls in a mechanically ventilated confinement building with a partially slatted floor and a manure flush system and 2) group pens ...
Dixon A B - - 2007
Embryonic and fetal mortality reduce lambing rates and litter sizes, thus contributing to economic losses in the sheep industry. In the current study, the timing of late embryonic and fetal loss in ewes and the factors with which these losses were associated were examined. Ewes lambing and lambs born were ...
de Nicolo G - - 2008
The objective of the present experiment was to determine whether failure to become pregnant through out-of-season reproductive management regimes is attributable to a failure to stimulate normal corpora lutea (CL) production. Romney ewes and East Friesian Composite (EF) ewes were mated in summer, autumn, winter, and early and late spring ...
Ocón-Grove Olga M - - 2008
In ruminants, conceptus development beyond the blastocyst state requires input from uterine-derived factors. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is expressed by the bovine endometrium throughout the estrus cycle and early pregnancy and stimulates trophectoderm expression of interferon-tau, the maternal recognition of pregnancy factor in ruminants. The objective of this study ...
A.H. Fallah Rad
Two blood samples, 8 days apart were taken from 150 Balouchi ewes being in their 3-5 years of age and serum Progesterone (P4) concentrations were determined. One hundred and twenty five ewes that had lower P4 concentrations have been chosen and in a completely randomized design were assigned into 5 ...
Guimarães-Soares Luís - - 2007
The aquatic hyphomycetes Fontanospora fusiramosa and Flagellospora curta isolated from a clean and a metal-contaminated site, respectively, were tested for the production of thiol compounds when exposed to Cd, Zn, and Cu for short- and long-term periods. After 8 days, control cultures of F. curta had a total thiol (T-SH) ...
Song Gwonhwa - - 2007
Radical S-adenosyl methionine domain containing 2 (RSAD2) encodes a cytoplasmic antiviral protein induced by interferons (IFN). Interferon-induced with helicase C domain 1 (IFIH1) is a RNA helicase involved in innate immune defense against viruses, growth suppression, and apoptosis. Interferon tau (IFNT), a Type I IFN produced by the peri-implantation ruminant ...
Mitchell Linda M - - 2007
Scottish Blackface ewes from cobalt-deficient farmland were fed a diet containing 0.06 mg cobalt per kg dry matter from approximately 30 days before embryo recovery/transfer until lambing. Ewes remained untreated (-Co; n = 82) or were given an intraruminal cobalt-containing bolus to compensate for the dietary deficit (+Co; n = ...
Rodger S M - - 2006
To investigate the potential role of endogenous transplacental transmission of Toxoplasma gondii, 31 seropositive ewes presumed to be persistently infected with the parasite and 15 seronegative ewes were mated and monitored throughout pregnancy and lambing. Antibody titres were determined in precolostral sera from the liveborn lambs and in thoracic fluid ...
Nagae Hideki - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In utero shunting (vesico-amniotic shunt) of obstructive uropathy in fetal lambs produces a shrunken, noncompliant bladder. We hypothesized that using a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt for the vesico-amniotic shunt may preserve the filling/emptying cycle and thus normal bladder development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created obstructive uropathy in 60-day gestation fetal lambs, ...
Wallace Jacqueline M - - 2006
When pregnant adolescent sheep are overnourished to promote maternal growth during pregnancy, growth of the placenta is impaired and results in the premature delivery of low birth weight lambs relative to control-fed adolescents of equivalent age. These effects have been achieved by feeding two levels of the same complete diet. ...
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