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Haga Chiyori - - 2012
The aims of this study were to 1) determine the distinct patterns of body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Japanese children, and 2) elucidate the maternal factors during pregnancy, which contribute to the determination of those patterns. All of the children (1,644 individuals) born in Koshu City, Japan, between 1991 ...
Klein Autumn M - - 2011
Approximately one million women with epilepsy in the United States are in their active reproductive years. Many women with epilepsy require treatment during pregnancy, and many antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are potential teratogens. Unfortunately, many pregnancies are often not identified until after organ formation has occurred. However, most women with epilepsy ...
Roberts Jodie I - - 2011
We aimed to assess physician knowledge for 2009 guidelines established by the American Academy of Neurology and American Epilepsy Society regarding issues related to pregnancy for women with epilepsy. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to all neurologists and neurology residents practicing in a large Canadian health region serving a ...
Vajda Frank J E - - 2011
Promising outcomes from the Australian register include a fall in fetal malformation rates associated with changes in antiepileptic drug prescribing.
Mendelson Sherri G - - 2011
Pregnant women may present with abnormal symptoms that are assumed to be related to the pregnancy. The purpose of this case study is to examine an obstetric case that provides a wider view of a grand mal seizure in a perinatal patient with previously undiagnosed Dandy-Walker Variant. When a pregnant ...
Bhat Mamta - - 2011
To assess the knowledge of obstetricians about concerns of women with epilepsy. We surveyed 97 obstetricians (teaching hospitals-43, private hospitals-32, and community health centers-21) using knowledge of women's issues and epilepsy (KOWIE) questionnaire II with additional questions. The mean duration of practice of the surveyed obstetricians was 12.4 ± 10.7 ...
Tsangaris George Th - - 2011
Proteomics-based identification of biomarkers for fetal abnormalities and pregnancy complications in amniotic fluid (AF) has made significant progress in the past 5 years. This is attributed mainly to advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomic technologies that enable new strategies for discovering biomarkers from complex biological fluids in a high-throughput and sensitive manner. ...
Kolialexi Aggeliki - - 2011
Current non-invasive prenatal diagnosis for fetal aneuploidies is based on biochemical and ultrasound markers and needs to be improved in order to reduce the number of pregnant women subjected to invasive diagnostic procedures. Proteomic technologies allow for new strategies for discovering biomarkers in complex biological fluids in a high-throughput and ...
Saramma P P - - 2011
Epilepsy can negatively impact the child rearing ability of women because of the risk related to seizures, adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs and psychosocial factors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the child rearing knowledge (CRK) and practices (CRP) of women with epilepsy (WWE) with a matched group of women without epilepsy (WWoE). ...
Gür S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the changes in diameter of corpus luteum (CL), maternal progesterone (P) concentration, lipid peroxidation and non-enzymatic antioxidant levels along with enzymatic antioxidant activities in pregnant ewes bearing single and twin foetuses. The ewes were selected from healthy animals that were brought to ...
Pijnenborg R - - 2011
Deep placentation in human pregnancy is realised by deep invasion of the placental bed by the extravillous trophoblast, involving the decidua and the inner (junctional zone) myometrium. Interstitial invasion of the stroma and endovascular trophoblast invasion of the spiral arteries both occur. Deep endovascular trophoblast invasion into the myometrial segments ...
Burakgazi Evren - - 2011
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic conditions seen by obstetricians, primary care physicians, and neurologists. It is present in three to five per 1000 births, and most women with epilepsy (WWE) can expect to have a normal pregnancy and delivery. The clinician's goal is to establish the best ...
Szabo Gyongyi - - 2011
One of the ongoing challenges for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is the difficulty of confirming whether a mother drank during her pregnancy. Commonly used screening questionnaires often are unreliable, and current established biomarkers of alcohol consumption are not sensitive enough for ...
Avila-Ornelas Jose J Maxine Mesinger Multiple Sclerosis Comprehensive Care Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is most prevalent in women of childbearing age. It is well established that the relapse rate decreases during pregnancy but increases significantly during the first postpartum trimester. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the administration of 1 g of intravenous methylprednisolone ...
Martin Julien G A - - 2010
Several studies of large mammals report no direct reproductive costs for females. Individual heterogeneity may hide fitness costs of reproduction, but mothers could also transfer some costs to their offspring. Using data on 442 lambs weaned by 146 bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) ewes at Ram Mountain, Alberta, we studied how ...
Berg Vidar - - 2010
The main objective of the present study was to gain knowledge about the disposition of the PCB congeners 118 and 153 in a sheep model where ewes were given oral doses of PCB in two consecutive gestations. The study aimed to investigate how maternal exposure with PCBs affected tissue concentrations ...
Rooke J A - - 2010
This study examined the hypothesis that responses of Scottish Blackface (BF, a hill breed) and Suffolk (SUF, a lowland breed) ewes to undernutrition between d 1 and 90 of pregnancy would differ. Over 2 consecutive breeding seasons, ewes (4 pens/treatment; 15 to 20 ewes/pen) were artificially inseminated and from d ...
Vázquez M I - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of exogenous melatonin on embryo viability and oocyte competence in post-partum undernourished ewes during the seasonal anestrus. At parturition (mid-Feb), 36 adult Rasa Aragonesa ewes were assigned to one of two groups: treated (+MEL) or not treated (-MEL) with a subcutaneous implant of melatonin (Melovine(R), ...
Fukui Yutaka - - 2010
In this study, two successive field trials were conducted during the non-breeding season to investigate various factors affecting on fertility of Suffolk ewes after intrauterine insemination with frozen-thawed semen. In the first year (Experiment 1), three sperm numbers per insemination dose (0.25, 0.5 and 1 million sperm) and five sheep ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2010
To investigate the mid-term effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on fertility after bilateral UAE with either tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM) or gelatin particles (GP). Fertility was compared in 6 ewes that underwent UAE with TAGM, 6 ewes that underwent UAE with GP, and 6 control ewes. All ewes were ...
Ma Yan - - 2010
In pregnant sheep, maternal:fetal exchange occurs across placentomes composed of placental cotyledonary and uterine caruncular tissues. Recently, we reported that fetal weights of obese (OB) ewes [fed a diet of 150% of National Research Council (NRC) recommendations] were approximately 30% greater than those of control (C) ewes (fed a diet ...
Herreros M A - - 2010
The plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used for producing polyvinyl chloride (PVC), acts as an endocrine disruptor with toxic effects on reproductive and developmental processes. Exposure to DEHP in humans is mainly by environment and food. Thus, our aim was to determine plasma levels in livestock animals using the ewe (Ovis aries) ...
Satterfield M Carey - - 2010
Adequate placental blood flow is essential for the optimal delivery of nutrients from mother to fetus for conceptus growth. Restricted fetal development results from pathophysiological and environmental factors that alter utero-placental blood flow, placental function, and, therefore, nutrient availability in the fetus. To test this hypothesis, 0, 75, or 150 ...
Blair H T - - 2010
In temperate climates, the cost of providing feed is greater in winter than in other seasons, causing ewes to be fed restricted rations during some periods of pregnancy. Epidemiological information indicates that undernutrition of the fetus may affect its health and performance in later life (i.e., fetal programming), and these ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on fertility after bilateral UAE with either tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM) or gelatin particles (GP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six ewes that underwent UAE with TAGM, 6 ewes that underwent UAE with GP, and 6 control ewes were compared. After hormonal ...
Jaquiery Anne L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of periconceptional undernutrition on maternal adaptation of insulin-dependent metabolism during pregnancy. METHODS: Romney ewes were randomly assigned to receive normal nutrition (n=12) or undernutrition before (from 60 days before until mating, n=7), after (2 days before to 30 days after mating, n=6) or before and ...
Barbato O - - 2009
The aim of the current study was to describe the use of a pool of different antisera raised against pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs; purified from both ovine and caprine placentas) for early pregnancy diagnosis in ovine species. Sixty-three pluriparous Sarda ewes (Ovis aries) were synchronized. Blood samples were withdrawn on Days ...
Kotsampasi B - - 2009
A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of maternal undernutrition on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in female sheep offspring. Pregnant ewes were fed to 100% throughout pregnancy (Control) or to 50% from 0 to 30 (R1) or from 31 to 100 days of gestation (R2). Female lambs were selected and ...
McNeill Bryony A - - 2009
Circulating concentrations of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and a related amino terminal fragment (NTproCNP) were measured at weekly intervals from preconception to 3 wk postpartum in ewes with twins (n = 8) and nonpregnant ewes (n = 8). In contrast to low and stable values in nonpregnant ewes (CNP, 0.75 ...
Giday Samuel A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the development of fetal surgery, morbidity and mortality are substantial. A natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)-guided approach to the gravid uterus may offer a less-invasive technique. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of NOTES for diagnostic and therapeutic intrauterine fetal interventions. SETTING: Survival and nonsurvival experiments ...
Lafi S Q - - 2009
A prospective cohort study was conducted using 32 randomly selected Awassi sheep flocks to identify factors hypothesized to be associated with the occurrence of pregnancy, twinning and fetal loss between August 2005 and May 2006 in the region of Al-Safawi (northeast of Jordan). Vitamins A and E and selenium concentrations ...
Lekatz L A - - 2010
To examine the effects of maternal supranutritional selenium (Se) and nutrient restriction during mid and late gestation on placental characteristics and fetal liver glycogen, ewes received either adequate Se (ASe) or high Se (HSe) prior to breeding. On d 64 of gestation, ASe and HSe ewes remained at 100% of ...
Shirazi Abolfazl - - 2009
This is the first report of an acephalous lamb from the transfer of an in vitro-produced sheep embryo. Twelve in vitro-fertilized embryos were transferred to 4 recipient ewes (3 embryos/ewe). Two ewes remained pregnant: one delivered a normal female lamb, the other a male acephalous lamb. Possible contributing factors are ...
Smith N A - - 2009
Investigate the effect of transient hyperglycemic intake (analogous to snacking on high glycaemic foods) in the third trimester of pregnancy on offspring birthweight and subsequent growth in sheep. Randomised trial. University research farm. Third trimester pregnant ewes. Ewes were blocked on weight, age and litter size and were randomly assigned ...
Tekin Ahmet - - 2009
It is known that carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum induces fetal acidosis in pregnant ewes. Our aim was to determine changes of the levels of maternal and fetal cytokines interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha after CO2 pneumoperitoneum in pregnant ewes. Eight ewes with singleton pregnancies of 120 to 140 ...
Ahmed Amer, Hussein; Department ...
The effect of intra-vaginal Fluorogestone-Acetate (FGA) sponges (a progesterone analogue) +/- eCG (equine chorionic gonadotropin) on the fertility of anestrous ewes was assessed. Ninety-six ewes were divided into 4 groups (24/group). The ewes were exposed to treatment for 6 days (FGA or FGA+eCG groups) and for 12 days (FGA or ...
Taylor J B - - 2009
The objective was to describe the effects of dietary Se concentration and source on fetal and maternal Se load when fed to nulliparous ewes during mid- to late pregnancy. Pregnant, nulliparous ewes (n = 32; 45.6 +/- 2.3 kg; 330 +/- 17 d of age) were randomly assigned to treatment ...
Sosa C - - 2009
The effects of pregnancy and undernutrition on endometrial gene expression were investigated in ewes fed all or half their maintenance requirements and killed on Day 14 of pregnancy or of the oestrous cycle. The endometrial expression of progesterone, oestrogen, oxytocin and interferon receptors (PR, ERalpha, OXTR and IFNAR, respectively), cyclo-oxygenase ...
Ozyurtlu N - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate characterization of oestrous response, onset of induced oestrus, oestrous duration, fecundity and fertility in Awassi ewes treatment with intravaginal sponges and Controlled Intravaginal Drug Release (CIDR) devices in combination with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) under local environmental conditions during the non-breeding ...
Kenyon Pr - - 2008
AIM: To determine if exposure to ram lambs whose scrotums had been shortened by the use of a rubber ring would induce reproductive activity in ewe lambs, and determine if this technique was an effective alternative to vasectomised mature rams. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty-nine Romney ewe lambs, 7-8 months ...
Yarim Gul Fatma - - 2009
Pregnancy toxemia is a metabolic disease of pregnant ewes which causes significant economic losses in sheep industry. The pathophysiology and metabolic changes of this disorder remain poorly understood. We conducted this study to describe the serum protein pattern associated with the pregnancy toxemia in ewes. In this study, the electrophoretic ...
Colucci Philippe - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a single dose of 300 mg of ritonavir on the plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single dose of 20 mg of elvucitabine when the two drugs were coadministered in healthy subjects. In a three-way crossover design, 30 subjects received ...
Kuehn L A - - 2009
Connectedness among animals in separate flocks reduces the risk of biased comparisons when selecting across flocks on EBV. The objective in this study was to assess levels of connectedness in the genetic evaluation of weaning weight among Targhee and Suffolk flocks participating in the US National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP). ...
Pérez R - - 2008
In pregnant sheep at 120-130 days of gestational age, a study was undertaken in order to characterize the pharmacokinetics and transplacental exchange of Ivermectin after maternal or fetal intravenous administration. Eight pregnant Suffolk Down sheep of 73.2 +/- 3.7 kg body weight (bw) were surgically prepared in order to insert ...
Sosa C - - 2009
This study investigated whether a 27-day period of nutrition at half-maintenance during early pregnancy (up to Day 14) could alter maternal endocrine responses. Forty-six ewes were fed all or half of their maintenance requirements and slaughtered on Day 14 of the oestrous cycle or pregnancy. We used real time RT-PCR ...
Elnageeb Mohammed E - - 2008
Twenty sexually mature Desert ewes were used to study the effects of concentrate supplementation on thermoregulation and reproductive traits. The ewes were divided into two equal groups, control and supplemented; the supplemented group received daily 500 g of concentrate mixture (crushed sorghum grain and cotton seed cake). In both groups, ...
Farrow Kathryn N - - 2008
Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression and activity are decreased in fetal lambs with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN). We sought to determine the impact of mechanical ventilation with O(2) with or without inhaled NO (iNO) or recombinant human SOD (rhSOD) on eNOS in the ductal ligation model of PPHN. ...
DuBois Steven G - - 2008
Ewing sarcoma is the second most common type of malignant bone tumor in children and young adults. We report 2 patients with a history of Ewing sarcoma who were diagnosed with recurrent tumor during or immediately after pregnancy. To determine whether the hormonal milieu of pregnancy might have contributed to ...
Gao Haijun - - 2009
Nutrients in uterine secretions are essential for development and survival of conceptuses (embryo and associated extraembryonic membranes) during pregnancy; however, little is known about changes in the amounts of specific nutrients in the uterine fluids of cyclic and pregnant ruminants. This study determined quantities of glucose, amino acids, glutathione, calcium, ...
Brunet P - - 2008
The paper reports on the comparison of the wetting properties of superhydrophobic silicon nanowires (NWs), using drop impact impalement and electrowetting (EW) experiments. A correlation between the resistance to impalement on both EW and drop impact is shown. From the results, it is evident that when increasing the length and ...
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