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Mochhoury Latifa - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of the body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy and the weight gain during pregnancy, on the occurrence of maternal and neonatal morbidity in the Moroccan population, as well as to analyze the quality of the weight gain depending on the BMI. A study was carried out ...
Wang Fuqiang - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy, which affects 2-8% of all pregnancies and is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. To better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in pathological development of placenta in preeclampsia, we used high-resolution LC-MS/MS technologies to construct a ...
Liu Kangsheng K Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jangsu, - - 2013
Prenatal lead exposure could not only affect various organ systems of the mother, but also provide a plumbeous environment for the fetus and newborns, and may affect the fetus in a number of detrimental ways. The aim of this study was to adequately determine the interaction between these factors and ...
Kowal Andrzej A Department of Pediatric - - 2013
Of interest is if factors like maternal diet can influence the risk of hypospadias-affected pregnancy. Increased propionylcarnitine (C3) is regarded as a biomarker of vitamin B12 deficiency. The retrospective study was undertaken to determine whether increased propionylcarnitine and low methionine in newborns are associated with hypospadias. 41 newborns with hypospadias ...
Tambor V - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The presence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (pPROM). Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify new biomarkers revealing these conditions. The objective of this study is ...
Kent Etaoin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To estimate which maternal body composition parameters measured using multifrequency segmental bioelectric impedance analysis in the first trimester of pregnancy are predictors of increased birth weight. METHODS:: Nondiabetic women were recruited after ultrasonographic confirmation of an ongoing singleton pregnancy in the first trimester. Maternal body composition was measured using ...
Dane C - - 2012
Vaginal leiomyomas are rare benign solid tumours of the vagina. They can cause mechanical dystocia, which is a common problem in obstetrics leading to serious maternal and perinatal complications. Here we describe a patient with a vaginal leiomyoma diagnosed during the mid-trimester that could have caused dystocia. This 22-year-old woman ...
Gharesi-Fard Behrouz - - 2012
PROBLEM: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined as two or more consecutive abortion before the 20th week of gestation. Autoimmune diseases increase the risk and accounts for at least 20% of RPL. Placenta is a pregnancy unique tissue, and proper formation of placenta is key phenomenal for success of a ...
Lee Richard H - - 2012
Objective The total bile acid (TBA) concentration criterion for diagnosing intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy varies in the published literature. The purpose of this study was to establish pregnancy-specific reference ranges for the TBA concentration among Latina women.Study Design Self-identified Latina women (n = 211) over 18 years of age with a singleton pregnancy were ...
Moon R J RJ Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, United - - 2013
Maternal diet during pregnancy has been linked to offspring adiposity, but it is unclear whether maternal polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status during pregnancy affects offspring body composition. We investigated the associations between maternal plasma n-3 and n-6 PUFA status at 34 wk gestation and offspring body composition. A prospective United ...
Thomas Leena Susan - - 2012
Cancer diagnosed during pregnancy is a rare and challenging occurrence, with an incidence of 0.1% of all pregnancies. Thymoma is the most common primary tumour of the anterior mediastinum, accounting for 30% of mediastinal masses in adults. Presentation during pregnancy is rare. We describe a unique case of two successful ...
Flood-Nichols Shannon K SK Madigan Healthcare System, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Tacoma, Washington 98431, - - 2013
Minimally invasive diagnostic tests are needed in obstetrics to identify women at risk for complications during delivery. The apolipoproteins fluctuate in complexity and abundance in maternal plasma during pregnancy and could be incorporated into a blood test to evaluate this risk. The objective of this study was to examine the ...
Masoura S - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is a unique disorder of human pregnancy with a great impact on maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide and especially in developing countries. The aetiology is still unknown and the pathophysiology of the disease is the subject of extensive investigation. Recently, much of the interest of the investigators ...
Wethington Stephanie L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) is a type C resection (uterine vessels ligated at origin from the hypogastric vessels). Questions arise as to whether fertility is maintained after ART, particularly when uterine vessels are sacrificed. We report an international series on ART to describe fertility and oncologic outcomes. METHODS: Databases ...
Calcagno Angelo - - 2012
Abstract Objective: We sought to study the advantages of laparoscopic conservative treatment and pelvic reproductive surgery in patients with ectopic pregnancy and predisposing factors of tuboperitoneal infertility. Material and methods: Patients who had undergone laparoscopic treatment for ectopic pregnancy were considered, with factors for tuboperitoneal infertility, while patients who underwent ...
Cengiz Hüseyin - - 2012
The reported incidence of adnexal masses during pregnancy vary from 1 in 81 pregnancies to 1 in 8000 pregnancies. There is still a debate on management of incidental adnexal masses during the caesarean section concerning the risk of this additional procedure on postoperative morbidity and mortality. The aim of our ...
Yakasai Ibrahim Adamu - - 2012
Widespread use of ultrasound in early pregnancy has led to the detection of incidental adnexal masses more frequently. This article reviews the diagnosis and management options for adnexal masses in pregnancy. The availability of high-resolution ultrasound has made observation to be a viable option in some cases. However, for those ...
Ozler Ali - - 2012
To investigate long-term postoperative outcomes of conservative and radical surgery in ectopic tubal pregnancies, and evaluate the results of these techniques. A total of 145 patients that operated for tubal pregnancy between January 2006 and January 2009 were reviewed. Data on patient age, reproductive and surgical history history of ectopic ...
Kim C H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report the reproductive outcomes of patients undergoing fertility-preserving radical trachelectomy (RT) for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: We analyzed data from our institution's first 105 patients who underwent attempted fertility-sparing surgery with radical trachelectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy, and cerclage from November 2001 to October 2010. RESULTS: Of ...
Reid Shannon - - 2012
Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) remains the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester of pregnancy. In an attempt to expedite the accurate diagnosis of women with EP, research has focused on serum biomarkers that can distinguish EP from other types of pregnancies in women with a pregnancy of ...
Hassan Sarah - - 2012
A young woman in her 20s presented with sudden onset right-sided abdominal pain. On examination she was tender in the right adnexae. Her urine pregnancy test was positive and βHCG value was 1862. Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound revealed evidence of a significant right-sided adnexal mass, a small amount of peritoneal-free ...
Rios Lívia Teresa Moreira - - 2012
Cloacal malformation is an extremely rare fetal pathological condition that presents as a variety of defects. It predominantly affects females, with prevalence of 1 in 50,000 births. Prenatal ultrasonography on a 20-year-old caucasian woman (G4P1A2) at 33 weeks of pregnancy showed the fetus having a large cystic mass in the ...
Haga Chiyori - - 2012
The aims of this study were to 1) determine the distinct patterns of body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Japanese children, and 2) elucidate the maternal factors during pregnancy, which contribute to the determination of those patterns. All of the children (1,644 individuals) born in Koshu City, Japan, between 1991 ...
Klein Autumn M - - 2011
Approximately one million women with epilepsy in the United States are in their active reproductive years. Many women with epilepsy require treatment during pregnancy, and many antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are potential teratogens. Unfortunately, many pregnancies are often not identified until after organ formation has occurred. However, most women with epilepsy ...
Roberts Jodie I - - 2011
We aimed to assess physician knowledge for 2009 guidelines established by the American Academy of Neurology and American Epilepsy Society regarding issues related to pregnancy for women with epilepsy. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to all neurologists and neurology residents practicing in a large Canadian health region serving a ...
Vajda Frank J E - - 2011
Promising outcomes from the Australian register include a fall in fetal malformation rates associated with changes in antiepileptic drug prescribing.
Mendelson Sherri G - - 2011
Pregnant women may present with abnormal symptoms that are assumed to be related to the pregnancy. The purpose of this case study is to examine an obstetric case that provides a wider view of a grand mal seizure in a perinatal patient with previously undiagnosed Dandy-Walker Variant. When a pregnant ...
Bhat Mamta - - 2011
To assess the knowledge of obstetricians about concerns of women with epilepsy. We surveyed 97 obstetricians (teaching hospitals-43, private hospitals-32, and community health centers-21) using knowledge of women's issues and epilepsy (KOWIE) questionnaire II with additional questions. The mean duration of practice of the surveyed obstetricians was 12.4 ± 10.7 ...
Tsangaris George Th - - 2011
Proteomics-based identification of biomarkers for fetal abnormalities and pregnancy complications in amniotic fluid (AF) has made significant progress in the past 5 years. This is attributed mainly to advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomic technologies that enable new strategies for discovering biomarkers from complex biological fluids in a high-throughput and sensitive manner. ...
Kolialexi Aggeliki - - 2011
Current non-invasive prenatal diagnosis for fetal aneuploidies is based on biochemical and ultrasound markers and needs to be improved in order to reduce the number of pregnant women subjected to invasive diagnostic procedures. Proteomic technologies allow for new strategies for discovering biomarkers in complex biological fluids in a high-throughput and ...
Saramma P P - - 2011
Epilepsy can negatively impact the child rearing ability of women because of the risk related to seizures, adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs and psychosocial factors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the child rearing knowledge (CRK) and practices (CRP) of women with epilepsy (WWE) with a matched group of women without epilepsy (WWoE). ...
Gür S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the changes in diameter of corpus luteum (CL), maternal progesterone (P) concentration, lipid peroxidation and non-enzymatic antioxidant levels along with enzymatic antioxidant activities in pregnant ewes bearing single and twin foetuses. The ewes were selected from healthy animals that were brought to ...
Pijnenborg R - - 2011
Deep placentation in human pregnancy is realised by deep invasion of the placental bed by the extravillous trophoblast, involving the decidua and the inner (junctional zone) myometrium. Interstitial invasion of the stroma and endovascular trophoblast invasion of the spiral arteries both occur. Deep endovascular trophoblast invasion into the myometrial segments ...
Burakgazi Evren - - 2011
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic conditions seen by obstetricians, primary care physicians, and neurologists. It is present in three to five per 1000 births, and most women with epilepsy (WWE) can expect to have a normal pregnancy and delivery. The clinician's goal is to establish the best ...
Szabo Gyongyi - - 2011
One of the ongoing challenges for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is the difficulty of confirming whether a mother drank during her pregnancy. Commonly used screening questionnaires often are unreliable, and current established biomarkers of alcohol consumption are not sensitive enough for ...
Avila-Ornelas Jose J Maxine Mesinger Multiple Sclerosis Comprehensive Care Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is most prevalent in women of childbearing age. It is well established that the relapse rate decreases during pregnancy but increases significantly during the first postpartum trimester. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the administration of 1 g of intravenous methylprednisolone ...
Martin Julien G A - - 2010
Several studies of large mammals report no direct reproductive costs for females. Individual heterogeneity may hide fitness costs of reproduction, but mothers could also transfer some costs to their offspring. Using data on 442 lambs weaned by 146 bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) ewes at Ram Mountain, Alberta, we studied how ...
Berg Vidar - - 2010
The main objective of the present study was to gain knowledge about the disposition of the PCB congeners 118 and 153 in a sheep model where ewes were given oral doses of PCB in two consecutive gestations. The study aimed to investigate how maternal exposure with PCBs affected tissue concentrations ...
Rooke J A - - 2010
This study examined the hypothesis that responses of Scottish Blackface (BF, a hill breed) and Suffolk (SUF, a lowland breed) ewes to undernutrition between d 1 and 90 of pregnancy would differ. Over 2 consecutive breeding seasons, ewes (4 pens/treatment; 15 to 20 ewes/pen) were artificially inseminated and from d ...
Vázquez M I - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of exogenous melatonin on embryo viability and oocyte competence in post-partum undernourished ewes during the seasonal anestrus. At parturition (mid-Feb), 36 adult Rasa Aragonesa ewes were assigned to one of two groups: treated (+MEL) or not treated (-MEL) with a subcutaneous implant of melatonin (Melovine(R), ...
Fukui Yutaka - - 2010
In this study, two successive field trials were conducted during the non-breeding season to investigate various factors affecting on fertility of Suffolk ewes after intrauterine insemination with frozen-thawed semen. In the first year (Experiment 1), three sperm numbers per insemination dose (0.25, 0.5 and 1 million sperm) and five sheep ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2010
To investigate the mid-term effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on fertility after bilateral UAE with either tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM) or gelatin particles (GP). Fertility was compared in 6 ewes that underwent UAE with TAGM, 6 ewes that underwent UAE with GP, and 6 control ewes. All ewes were ...
Ma Yan - - 2010
In pregnant sheep, maternal:fetal exchange occurs across placentomes composed of placental cotyledonary and uterine caruncular tissues. Recently, we reported that fetal weights of obese (OB) ewes [fed a diet of 150% of National Research Council (NRC) recommendations] were approximately 30% greater than those of control (C) ewes (fed a diet ...
Herreros M A - - 2010
The plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used for producing polyvinyl chloride (PVC), acts as an endocrine disruptor with toxic effects on reproductive and developmental processes. Exposure to DEHP in humans is mainly by environment and food. Thus, our aim was to determine plasma levels in livestock animals using the ewe (Ovis aries) ...
Satterfield M Carey - - 2010
Adequate placental blood flow is essential for the optimal delivery of nutrients from mother to fetus for conceptus growth. Restricted fetal development results from pathophysiological and environmental factors that alter utero-placental blood flow, placental function, and, therefore, nutrient availability in the fetus. To test this hypothesis, 0, 75, or 150 ...
Blair H T - - 2010
In temperate climates, the cost of providing feed is greater in winter than in other seasons, causing ewes to be fed restricted rations during some periods of pregnancy. Epidemiological information indicates that undernutrition of the fetus may affect its health and performance in later life (i.e., fetal programming), and these ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on fertility after bilateral UAE with either tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM) or gelatin particles (GP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six ewes that underwent UAE with TAGM, 6 ewes that underwent UAE with GP, and 6 control ewes were compared. After hormonal ...
Jaquiery Anne L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of periconceptional undernutrition on maternal adaptation of insulin-dependent metabolism during pregnancy. METHODS: Romney ewes were randomly assigned to receive normal nutrition (n=12) or undernutrition before (from 60 days before until mating, n=7), after (2 days before to 30 days after mating, n=6) or before and ...
Barbato O - - 2009
The aim of the current study was to describe the use of a pool of different antisera raised against pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs; purified from both ovine and caprine placentas) for early pregnancy diagnosis in ovine species. Sixty-three pluriparous Sarda ewes (Ovis aries) were synchronized. Blood samples were withdrawn on Days ...
Kotsampasi B - - 2009
A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of maternal undernutrition on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in female sheep offspring. Pregnant ewes were fed to 100% throughout pregnancy (Control) or to 50% from 0 to 30 (R1) or from 31 to 100 days of gestation (R2). Female lambs were selected and ...
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