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Results 501 - 550 of 875
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Guillery E N - - 1994
We have studied maturational changes in the kinetics of the proximal tubule Na+/H+ antiporter. Microvillus membrane vesicles were prepared from renal cortex of fetal and newborn lambs. Amiloride-sensitive uptake of 22Na+ by these vesicles was measured and Woolf-Augustinsson-Hofstee plots were used to determine the Michaelis constant (Km) and rate of ...
Prozesky L - - 1994
Previously published results of dosing trials, involving 82 ewes, revealed that 66% of the offspring of dams exposed to cultures of Diplodia maydis in the second trimester of pregnancy and 87% of lambs of ewes exposed in the third trimester, were born dead or died soon afterwards. Spongiform degeneration of ...
Buckrell B C - - 1994
A transcervical technique (the Guelph System for transcervical AI) was used to inseminate 2060 ewes on 65 farms (average 31 ewes, range 5 to 107) in Ontario, Canada, from October 1990 to September 1992, using previously frozen semen. Estrus was synchronized using progestagen pessaries and PMSG with median inseminations done ...
Levy D M - - 1994
Gastric emptying was studied indirectly by paracetamol absorption in 20 patients at 8-12 weeks' gestation and also in 20 non-pregnant controls. Subjects received paracetamol 1.5 g in a tablet with 50 ml of water and remained semi-recumbent for 2 h while venous blood samples were obtained at 15-min intervals. The ...
Assad R S - - 1994
Epicardial fetal pacing via thoracotomy has the potential of being a safer and more reliable procedure to treat congenital complete heart block (CHB) associated with fetal hydrops refractory to medical therapy. To assess the acute electrophysiological characteristics of two ventricular epicardial leads, a new experimental model of fetal heart block ...
Nijland R - - 1994
In the fetus, the arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) in the ascending aorta is higher than in the descending aorta. We questioned whether this difference over the ductus arteriosus (delta SaO2) would change during hypoxaemia. Therefore, six chronically instrumented fetal lambs (119-126 days of gestation) were studied, by changing the inspired ...
Dickinson J E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that maternally administered methamphetamine would alter fetal sympathoadrenal activity. STUDY DESIGN: Six chronically catheterized near-term pregnant ewes received an intravenous bolus injection of methamphetamine (1.25 mg/kg). Maternal and fetal arterial blood gas values, glucose, insulin, lactate, and catecholamines were measured in the control period and at 15, ...
Joseph S A - - 1994
Monoamine concentrations were measured in cisternal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of unanesthetized fetal (115-135 days gestation) and newborn (2-34 days old) sheep. Norepinephrine (NE) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) concentrations decreased with gestational age; NE CSF concentrations were significantly higher in the newborn (336.4 +/- 61.7 pg/ml; n = 5) compared with ...
Cendron M - - 1994
The functional effects of bladder outlet obstruction in the developing urinary tract are well recognized in patients born with posterior urethral valves, in whom a spectrum of bladder dysfunction has been described. To better understand the changes occurring in the partially obstructed developing lower urinary tract, a fetal lamb model ...
Gaucherand P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability of our animal model and study the fetal response to placental ischemia. STUDY DESIGN: Eight monofetal pregnant ewes were fitted with appliances in conformity with a previously defined operating protocol which we have developed. Microspheres at different concentrations were injected through the fetal face of ...
Faucher D J - - 1994
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a peptide hormone which is found in neurons within the paraventricular (PVN) and the supraoptic (SON) nuclei of the hypothalamus. In fetal sheep, this neuropeptide is involved in maturational processes and adaptive responses to 'stress'. This study examined the effect of age on the total number ...
West T R - - 1994
The purposes of this study were to determine the effects of BW in growing lambs on rates of palmitate esterification (PE) and activity of glycerophosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) in subcutaneous and intermuscular adipose tissue in vitro and to determine the relationship between these in vitro measurements and carcass lipid accretion. At ...
Fowden A L - - 1994
Prostaglandins (PGs) are produced by a variety of uteroplacental tissues during pregnancy and are released into the fetal fluid sacs and both the uterine and umbilical circulations. Uterine PG output increases towards term and is enhanced by maternal undernutrition in pregnant ewes and mares. In both species, withdrawal of food ...
Windsor D P - - 1994
We compared conventional methods for laparoscopic and cervical artificial insemination (AI) to a transcervical AI procedure (Guelph System for Transcervical AI; GST-AI) for use with frozen semen in Merino ewes. The GST-AI procedure was performed by an experienced operator in Experiment 1 (771 ewes) and by 2 inexperienced operators in ...
Wallace J M - - 1994
Overfeeding during early pregnancy in ewes compromises pregnancy establishment and/or embryo survival. To determine whether high feed intakes after ovulation alter the secretory dialogue between the conceptus and the endometrium, 24 embryos (8-16-cell) from ewes fed maintenance rations were synchronously transferred in singleton on Day 3 of the cycle (oestrus, ...
Stern M - - 1993
Sequential surgical procedures in cleft lip/palate (CL/P) patients result in scar formation that is believed to be associated with midface growth retardation. By use of a previously developed fetal lamb model, wound healing characteristics were investigated after in utero CL repair. It is hypothesized that scarless healing after fetal CL ...
Hall J A - - 1993
This study was conducted to determine the effects of the corpus luteum (CL) of pregnancy and(or) the previously gravid uterine horn (g-UH) on the incidence and site of ovulation and the duration of luteal function in postpartum (PP) ewes. Ewes were laparotomized at d 60 to 80 of gestation and ...
Schrick F N - - 1993
The development of ovarian follicular and luteal structures during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in ewes was examined. Ewes were treated with prostaglandin F2 alpha to induce estrus; they were placed with either two fertile or two vasectomized rams and observed for estrus twice daily. Beginning at estrus (Day ...
Leonard C - - 1993
The prevalence of enzootic abortion of ewes in Scotland was estimated over a period of five years. Between 1987 and 1991, 30.7 per cent of all flocks with breeding ewes in Scotland submitted ovine abortion material, and of these flocks 28 per cent showed evidence of the infection, giving a ...
Schrick F N - - 1993
Transrectal ultrasonography was used in ewes to determine the earliest day at which pregnancy could be detected, the number of embryos present, and the pattern of growth of the embryos. Twenty-one ewes were placed with 2 fertile rams and 20 ewes with 2 vasectomized rams. All ewes were treated to ...
Majeed A F - - 1993
We describe criteria for choosing Cesarean section to treat dystocia, and identify factors that appeared to influence the success of Cesarean section in Iraqi Awassi ewes under clinical condition. The study was conducted on 276 ewes presented for dystocia during the lambing seasons from 1985 to 1990. Out of 130 ...
Bretzlaff K N - - 1993
Hydrometra was diagnosed in 41 of 1,411 (2.9%) Rambouillet and crossbred Rambouillet-Booroola Merino range ewes that were being examined with ultrasonography for pregnancy. Most diagnoses of hydrometra (40 of 41) were made at a second examination of 581 of the 1,411 ewes 40 days after the first examination (6.9%). Some ...
Ward S J - - 1993
The onset and duration of ovarian activity was assessed in 19 March-born, pure bred Friesland ewe lambs. Blood samples were collected for progesterone assay from 6 August-27 March when the lambs were 5-12 months of age. From 23 January a harnessed vasectomised ram was introduced. Colour marks on the rumps ...
Narkewicz M R - - 1993
Fetal glucose production has been observed in the chronically hypoglycemic, hypoinsulinemic (HH) fetal lamb. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that induction of hepatic gluconeogenic enzymes occurs in this condition. The activities of both mitochondrial and cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), fructose-1,6-diphosphatase, and glucose-6-phosphatase, three key enzymes ...
Buxton D - - 1993
Experimentally induced toxoplasmosis in pregnant ewes was treated with a combination of sulphamezathine and pyrimethamine. Fifteen untreated ewes gave birth to 14 live and six dead lambs whereas all the 15 lambs born to the 12 treated ewes were viable. The placental lesions were less severe, the gestation period was ...
Braw-Tal R - - 1993
Plasma immunoreactive inhibin (i-inhibin) was measured in Assaf and Booroola-Assaf (1/2 Booroola-1/2 Assaf) ewe lambs between the ages of 2 and 15 weeks and correlated with plasma FSH. I-inhibin concentrations were similar in both genotypes and was maximal at 2 weeks of life and decreased thereafter. These levels (mean +/- ...
García A - - 1993
Nonbred and pregnant ewes were examined ultrasonographically at intervals of 4 to 6 days on Days 17 to 34 after estrus. Each ewe was diagnosed as pregnant or nonpregnant, and a score for degree of certainty in the diagnosis was recorded. The goal of the study was to define criteria ...
Ruffing N A - - 1993
Chimeric sheep-goat pregnancies were established in 24 ewes and 29 does by transferring 251 embryos, prepared by the blastomere-aggregation technique, to 52 ewes and 61 does. Fifteen does experienced early pregnancy failure; however, term offspring were delivered by 24 ewes (17 lambs, 3 kids, 6 chimeras) and 14 does (6 ...
Viswanathan N - - 1993
The role of the fetal circadian pacemaker in the timing of birth was examined in Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). Two groups of pregnant hamsters with lesions of the suprachiasmatic nucleus received daily intraperitoneal injections of melatonin (25 micrograms) on Days 9-15 of gestation. One group was injected with melatonin in ...
Zhu L - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The ductus arteriosus (DA) is a fetal vessel in which the elastic laminae fail to assemble normally in late gestation. This feature is associated with the development of intimal cushions, structures that partially occlude the DA lumen and assure that the vessel will close completely when it constricts postnatally. ...
Sandberg J A - - 1993
In vitro N-demethylation of cocaine (COC) was examined in five saline (SAL) and five COC-treated pregnant guinea pigs and their fetuses (60 days, term 69 days). Microsomes from maternal and fetal guinea pigs produced norcocaine (NOR), benzoylnorecgonine (BN), and benzoylecgonine (BE) when incubated with COC. The initial rate of NOR ...
Kleemann D O - - 1993
The effect of nutritional manipulation during mid and late pregnancy on fetal growth and survival in high fecundity (Fec(B) Fec(+)) Merino ewes was examined. A total of 4 treatment groups was utilized in each of 3 years (1987, 1988 and 1989); and 2 groups were given low nutrition during mid ...
Kisker C T - - 1993
Glucocorticoids have been shown to accelerate the development of blood coagulation in the fetal lamb (Kisker, Robillard & Bohlken, 1983). The current studies examine the influence of high levels of triiodothyronine (T3) on the development of blood coagulation in the fetal lamb. Eight twin fetal lambs were studied during the ...
Wallace J M - - 1993
The use of laparoscopic insemination to deposit semen into the tip of the uterine horn ensures fertilization in ewes induced to ovulate at 3-5 weeks post-partum. Acceptable pregnancy rates are achieved if embryos from post-partum donors are transferred to a normal uterine environment yet embryos rarely survive when transferred or ...
Smolen A - - 1993
During pregnancy, mice are more susceptible to flurothyl-induced seizures than are nonpregnant control mice. The potential role of brain GABA in mediating this behavior was examined in the present study. GABA concentrations in the cerebellum, hippocampus, striatum, midbrain, and cortex from individual control, pregnant (days 17-18) and delivery-day Heterogeneous Stock ...
MacLaren L A - - 1993
The objectives of the current study were to determine whether interspecific sheep<==>goat chimaeras exhibited reproductive cycles of their component species and were capable of maintaining ovine and caprine pregnancies to term. All chimaeras had oestrous cycles and several exhibited characteristics of both ewes and does, including short, 6-7-day cycles. Sixteen ...
Smedstad K G - - 1993
This study was designed to test whether there is any difference in the placental transfer of bupivacaine or lidocaine in the early compared to the late preterm maternal/fetal sheep preparation; and whether the premature lamb fetus reacts to a steady state local anaesthetic infusion differently from the same lamb near ...
Pennefather J N - - 1993
Noradrenaline (10-50 nM) and tyramine (0.05-1 mM) enhanced contractile force elicited by field stimulation of strips of myometrium from non-pregnant and pregnant women. In higher concentrations, noradrenaline produced sustained contractions. The EC50 values for noradrenaline were 0.4 microM in tissues from pregnant women and 3.1 microM in tissues from non-pregnant ...
Swords W E - - 1993
The importance of the colonic microflora in health and nutrition is well known, but how they colonize and become established in the colon is not well understood. We therefore characterized the quantitative and qualitative changes of the colonic microflora during the first 120 days of postnatal development. Unlike previous studies, ...
Huysman C N - - 1992
Two outbreaks of porcine parvovirus occurred in a unit of 380 sows, with a subsequent decrease in the size of gilts' litters. Of the 203 gilts and 64 primiparous sows which were seronegative at the time of insemination, 134 gilts and 55 primiparous sows seroconverted during pregnancy. Of the second ...
Kirkbride C A - - 1992
Sixteen 50 day gestational ewes were fed lasalocid at the rate of 30 g t-1 and were orally inoculated with 100 infective Toxoplasma gondii oocysts 5 days after beginning feeding of lasalocid. Seventeen control ewes were similarly inoculated with T. gondii and were not fed lasalocid. The rate of abortion ...
Burgess K M - - 1992
The effect of RU486, a synthetic progesterone receptor antagonist, on basal uterine prostaglandin (PG) release and release in response to oxytocin injection has been investigated in late-pregnant sheep (days 135-140 of gestation). Fifteen hours after i.m. injection of RU486 (50 mg; n = 5) or vehicle alone (n = 4), ...
Estes J M - - 1992
In utero open surgery can salvage many fetuses with life-threatening anomalies. This approach carries risks, especially from preterm labor induced by the hysterotomy incision. In an effort to decrease uterine injury during hysterotomy, we developed techniques for endoscopic manipulation of the fetus. We developed these methods in fetal lambs. The ...
Symonds M E - - 1992
1. This study examines the effect of chronic cold exposure during pregnancy, induced by winter shearing twin-bearing ewes 4 weeks before predicted lambing date, on O2 consumption and CO2 production during non-rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep in lambs maintained for at least 1 h at warm (28-18 degrees C) and cold (14-5 ...
Gatenby R M - - 1992
A survey of 101 farmers with sows was conducted in the Koshi Hills of Nepal. Estimates of those reproductive traits which did not differ significantly between local and Pakhribas crossbred sows, are farrowing interval 7.4 months, litter size at birth 8.3, age of piglets at weaning 2.2 months and total ...
Arbeille P - - 1992
Pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to investigate fetal and maternal ovine circulation in 16 ewes. Resistance index (R) was measured at the following sites: umbilical, fetal cerebral, and uterine arteries. Measurements were performed at days 80, 100, and 130 of gestation, day 0 being the day of mating. Normal ranges ...
Corbel M J - - 1992
A strain of Yersinia enterocolitica of O serogroup 6,30 isolated from the liver of an aborted ovine fetus was inoculated intravenously into a group of pregnant ewes at about 90 days gestation and produced placentitis with abortion or delivery of infected lambs about 50 days later. Y. enterocolitica of the ...
Nephew K P - - 1992
Mechanisms of intrauterine migration were examined in 55 ewes. In the first experiment, corpora lutea were removed from unilaterally ovariectomized ewes on d 4 (d 0 = estrus) and pregnancy was maintained by giving exogenous progesterone. In Exp. 2, the reproductive tract was altered surgically such that embryos initially entered ...
Wrathall J H - - 1992
Thirty adult Mule (Blue-faced Leicester x Swaledale) ewes were actively immunized against a synthetically produced peptide corresponding to the N-terminus of the alpha-subunit of bovine inhibin conjugated to tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD). Primary immunization in the late anoestrous period was followed by two booster injections at 5 week intervals. ...
Alonso J L - - 1992
Fifteen ewes were inoculated subcutaneously with 2 x 10(6) cells of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis seven days before mating, during the embryonic stage of gestation and during the fetal stage of gestation. The clinical signs, antibody response and the consequences of the infection on reproduction were studied. None of the ewes showed ...
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