Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1026
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Song D D Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 75235-9068, - - 1998
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that using the less soluble volatile anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, as alternatives to propofol for maintenance of anesthesia facilitates the ability of outpatients to achieve postanesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge criteria (i.e., fast-track eligibility) on arrival in the PACU after laparoscopic surgery. ...
Hayashi M - - 1998
This study was designed in order to assess whether the Iwasaki-Hayashi (IH) catheter can be fixed to the uterine cervix easily and successfully during transcervical fallopian tube recanalization (T-FTR) with fluoroscopic guidance, to try T-FTR in special cases, and to investigate the success rate. The study included 21 infertile women ...
Kokawa K - - 1998
To investigate possible effects of implantation on apoptosis, we examined the cleavage of DNA in human chorionic villi and decidua in intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. Very limited but detectable cleavage of DNA was recognized in the chorionic villi and decidua in normal pregnancy. A ladder pattern, characteristic of the apoptotic ...
Gillett W R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of children born after a tubal microsurgical operation and to evaluate the fertility index, a long-term measure of reproductive potential. DESIGN: A case series involving a follow-up questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Three hundred twelve women undergoing microsurgery for tubal disease. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Rantala M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study tubal patency and fertility outcome of patients with expectantly managed ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. PATIENT(S): Thirty patients who wanted to become pregnant again were treated successfully by expectant management of EP. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Wainer R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hydrosalpinges on the pregnancy rate in an IVF program. DESIGN: Multicentric retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory data. SETTING: Two assisted reproductive technology centers in university hospitals. PATIENT(S): Four hundred forty-three women, under 38 years of age, with pure tubal infertility. The patients were ...
Annunziata N - - 1997
With reference to a case of pregnancy of a patient formerly subjected to tubal sterilization using Pomeroy's technique, the authors define the possibility for tubal stumps to recanalise. Despite the low percentage of failure in tubal sterilization using Pomeroy's technique, the authors conclude that it is advisable to make the ...
Kleinkauf-Houcken A - - 1997
This study was conducted to determine whether the additional use of pulsed wave Doppler improves the diagnostic capacity in assessing tubal patency by hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy). A total of 210 women with a history of infertility were included in this study. HyCoSy was performed after intrauterine injection of Echovist ...
Kim J D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To survey what factors influence the pregnancy outcome in an effort to improve the pregnancy rate (PR) after microsurgical reversal of tubal sterilization. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. PATIENT(S): Three hundred eighty-seven patients who had microsurgical tubal reversal between March 1982 and January 1994. INTERVENTION(S): Postoperative pregnancy outcomes were determined ...
Ransom M X - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of microsurgical tubal anastomosis among patients having failed attempts to correct cornual-isthmic tubal obstruction by hysteroscopic tubal catheterization. DESIGN: An open observational trial. SETTING: A tertiary referral reproductive medicine practice. PATIENT(S): Forty-three patients with laparoscopically confirmed bilateral cornual-isthmic obstruction and otherwise normal fallopian tubes. Thirty-three ...
Grullon K E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Most tubal ectopic pregnancies become symptomatic in the first trimester and rarely progress to the second trimester. Elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) has rarely been associated with second-trimester tubal pregnancy. We present a case of a 20-week asymptomatic tubal pregnancy identified by elevated MSAFP. CASE: An asymptomatic 22-year-old woman ...
Isaacs J D JD - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognosis for pregnancy when tubal anastomosis can be performed on only one tube. DESIGN: Prospective collection of demographic and clinical data. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENT(S): One hundred twenty-six women undergoing elective sterilization reversal. INTERVENTION(S): Sterilization reversal was performed by five reproductive endocrine surgeons. In 35 ...
Yalcin O T - - 1997
Isolated torsion of fallopian tube is very uncommon during pregnancy. Predisposing factors for torsion are hydrosalpinx, prior tubal operation, pelvic congestion, ovarian and paraovarian masses and trauma. Although the most important clinical symptom is abdominal pain in lower quadrants, the diagnosis is usually established during the operation performed for acute ...
Mol B W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The traditional treatment of ectopic pregnancy is salpingectomy, while conservative surgery aims to save the function of the uterine tube. This study compares the effectiveness and the economic costs of salpingectomy and conservative tubal surgery in women with a tubal pregnancy. METHODS: Salpingectomy and conservative tubal surgery were compared ...
Jacques S M - - 1997
Five patients had retained trophoblastic tissue within the Fallopian tubes, which suggested remote ectopic pregnancies. Four remote ectopic pregnancies were identified in patients after delivery. One patient underwent salpingo-oophorectomy after the identification of a small ovarian mass and 1.0 cm "necrotic area" in the fallopian tube at cesarean section. The ...
Saxon D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy continues to be a leading cause of maternal morbidity and of reduced childbearing potential among women of reproductive age. Because of tubal rupture it is still the main cause of pregnancy-related death during the first trimester. The purpose of our study was to evaluate factors that may ...
Yuen P M - - 1997
A retrospective review was performed of all women who had undergone operation for a tubal pregnancy at the Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, from November 1992 to March 1994. One hundred and five patients were included---61 were managed by laparoscopy and 44 by laparotomy. There were no differences in ...
Porcu E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficiency of a new delivery system to perform transcervical GIFT. DESIGN: Evaluation of pregnancy rate (PR), miscarriage rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, and delivery rate. SETTING: Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology Unit, Infertility and IVF Center. PATIENT(S): Twenty-five patients with patent tubes documented ...
Kasia J M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE(S): To study the fertility results after laparoscopic distal tuboplasty and compare them with the data in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: 194 laparoscopic distal tuboplasties were carried out from May 1992 to May 1994 in the Yaounde General Hospital (Cameroon). The results were analysed according to the age of the ...
Stead J A - - 1997
Adenocarcinoma of the endometrium co-existing with pregnancy is a rare event. Twelve such cases have been reported in patients with intrauterine pregnancies. Co-existence with tubal ectopic pregnancy is even more uncommon. Only one such patient with tubal ectopic pregnancy was found in the literature; the pathologic findings were not, however, ...
Nwagbara P N - - 1997
Forty-five women who had microsurgical reversal of tubal sterilisation in New Cross Hospital Wolverhampton, between January 1986 and December 1992, were analysed to determine the success rate and the influencing factors. These women were followed-up until September 1994. More than 80% of the women were sterilised before the age of ...
Dubuisson J B - - 1997
Fertility outcome following microsurgical tubocornual anastomosis by laparotomy was evaluated. A total of 131 women presenting pure proximal occlusion, whether bilateral or in one tube only, were treated between January 1978 and December 1993. Subsequent fertility was studied in 120 patients, 11 being patients lost to follow-up. Cumulative intrauterine pregnancy ...
Mol B W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic significance of hysterosalpingography (HSG) for fertility outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Infertility department of an academic hospital. PATIENT(S): Consecutive patients undergoing HSG for subfertility between May 1985 and November 1987. INTERVENTION(S): Hysterosalpingography. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Follow-up ended when pregnancy or tubal surgery occurred or ...
Peterson H B - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Tubal sterilization is an increasingly common method of contraception in the United States. Although pregnancy after sterilization is uncommon, it can occur and may be ectopic. We used data from the U.S. Collaborative Review of Sterilization to estimate the risk of ectopic pregnancy in women who had undergone the ...
Saleh W A - - 1997
To determine pregnancy rates (PR) after fimbrioplasty and salpingostomy in nonocclusive distal tubal disease. To evaluate the relative impact of various factors using contemporary statistical analysis. Prospective cohort. Tertiary institutional infertility clinic. Infertility patients. Fimbrioplasty and salpingostomy. Cumulative PR, monthly fecundity rates, monthly probability of pregnancy, crude PR, and cure ...
Spalding H - - 1997
Tubal patency was studied in 32 patients who had previously undergone a laparoscopic or laparotomy procedure (salpingostomy, salpingectomy or tubal resection), or who had received a local injection of hypertonic glucose because of tubal pregnancy. Transvaginal salpingosonography (TSSG) was subsequently performed in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, and ...
De Bruyne F - - 1997
Salpingoscopy enables the visual inspection of the ampullary mucosa during either laparotomy or laparoscopy. This prospective study correlates the salpingoscopic results with the postoperative pregnancy rates and evaluates the value of salpingoscopy against already existing classification systems. A total of 226 women diagnosed as having pelvic inflammatory disease were treated ...
Post J H - - 1997
PURPOSE: Investigation of a technique for nonsurgical female sterilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom designed platinum microcoil with Dacron fibers was placed unilaterally into a fallopian tube and uterine horn of 10 rabbits after transcervical selective tubal catheterization with use of fluoroscopic guidance. The contralateral uterus and fallopian tube served ...
Yoon T K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fertility outcome after laparoscopic microsurgical tubal anastomosis. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Infertility Medical Center affiliated with University Medical School. PATIENT(S): Fifty-four patients, who had previously undergone tubal sterilization, seeking reversal. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic microsurgical tubal anastomosis was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy success was assessed. RESULT(S): The ...
Wallwiener D - - 1997
Microsurgical tubal anastomosis is the gold standard for treatment of tubal occlusion. The present study was performed to establish the feasibility of tubal anastomosis by welding tissue with a defocused CO2-laser beam during laparotomy and with an endoscope. In an animal experiment, 70 white New Zealand rabbits were randomized in ...
Fujii M - - 1996
We present a case of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that developed simultaneous intra- and extra-uterine pregnancy with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after induction of ovulation with pure FSH-HCG. At 9 weeks of pregnancy, the bilateral tubal pregnancy caused an imminent spontaneous abortion, and both Fallopian tubes were resected. After the ...
Ramirez N C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the past and current clinical and pathologic factors that are responsible for ectopic pregnancy (EP). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart and histopathologic specimen review of 740 cases of EP during a recent, five-year period. Products of conception, as well as 240 cases of concomitant endometrial ...
Driscoll G L - - 1996
The aim of this study was to define pregnancy rates for gamete intra-Fallopian transfer (GIFT) with respect to the ovary from which most oocytes were collected (i.e. a gross index of ovarian stimulation) and the Fallopian tube (ipsilateral or contralateral) into which gametes were replaced. The only inclusion criterion was ...
Karande C V - - 1996
The measurement of tubal perfusion pressures (TPP) is a recent advance in the field of gynaecoradiology. Measurement of TPP involves a standardized technique using transcervically placed tubal catheters which is reviewed in detail. TPP assesses the functional status of the Fallopian tubes, i.e. their ability to permit pregnancy. Infertile patients ...
Stefanovic V - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the assessment of tubal blood flow can indicate the side of the total pregnancy. METHODS: Using transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography, we measured blood flow in the total arteries on both sides in 46 women with early ectopic pregnancy. We compared the resistance index (RI) and pulsatility ...
Napolitano P G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the pregnancy outcome in patients with failed tubal sterilization treated in our hospital and to compare the incidence of ectopic pregnancy in our study group with the experience at other military hospitals and with the incidence of ectopic pregnancy in similar patients reported in the literature. STUDY ...
Mosgaard B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate an unselected group of patients in a regional area undergoing tubal surgery for infertility and to identify those women who would benefit from surgery and those who should be referred directly to in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: A retrospective study based on medical records and questionnaires. SETTING: ...
Wiedemann R - - 1996
Proximal tube occlusion (PTO) accounts for 20% of tubal factor cases. The classification into nodular (salpingitis isthmica nodosa or endometriosis), non-nodular (true fibrotic occlusion) and so-called pseudo occlusion (detritus, polyps, hypoplastic tubes) is essential. Using falloposcopy, PTO that is already diagnosed by laparoscopy and hysterosalpingography (HSG) can be confirmed or ...
Sosis M B - - 1996
The occurrence of airway fires during laser airway surgery necessitates the use of special techniques to improve patient safety. For example, it is recommended that the endotracheal tube cuff be inflated with saline. However, in the event of an endotracheal tube fire, the tube must be quickly removed. This study ...
Peterson H B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the risk of pregnancy after tubal sterilization for common methods of tubal occlusion. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective cohort study was conducted in U.S. medical centers. A total of 10,685 women who underwent tubal sterilization was followed up for 8 to 14 years. The ...
Glock J L JL University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, - - 1996
To determine the reproductive outcome of women who received a microsurgical tubal anastomosis operation at age 40 years or older. Multicenter retrospective cohort study. Four university teaching hospitals. Fifty-two women having undergone tubal sterilization reversal at age > or = 40 years. Pregnancy and live birth rate. Of the 52 ...
Saim L - - 1996
Cerebrospinal fluid otorhinorrhea after surgery for cerebellopontine angle tumors may persist despite obliteration of the mastoid, middle ear, and tympanic orifice of the eustachian tube. In this study, histologic sections of 120 adult temporal bones were examined by light microscopy to determine the incidence of peritubal pneumatization and to demonstrate ...
Suwajanakorn S - - 1996
We have presented a case of bilateral tubal pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. The most likely cause, in our opinion, is 'spray effect' which was discussed. The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy must always be kept in mind in IVF&ET program, due to its high incidence of occurrence ...
Clausen I - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyse the fertility prognosis after conservative or radical surgery for tubal pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: Index Medicus was searched for all attainable literature on the subject. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: A total of 40 scientific publications through the latest 40 years were selected. ...
Dunphy B C - - 1996
Information on the outcome following salpingostomy performed for infertility in everyday practice is needed to counsel patients, determine the best approach to this condition and clarify whether the outcome is superior when surgery is performed by a physician who maintains a high volume of ongoing experience. A total of 547 ...
Iber F L - - 1996
Silicone rubber PEG tubes or replacements were recovered from 111 patients and examined for blockage, dilatations, tears, breaks, or loss of elasticity. All irregularities were stained and examined for fungus using lactophenol cotton blue stain. The intraabdominal portion of the PEG failed from obstructions, loss of elasticity, or tears related ...
Gerber B - - 1996
Acute salpingitis (AS) has a major impact on the reproductive health of women. In this study second-look laparoscopy was assessed for its ability to predict reproductive function after AS. We questioned 158 women who had had a second-look laparoscopy with tubal dye insufflation after laparoscopically proven AS between September 1984 ...
Volpi E - - 1996
Tubal patency testing by transvaginal sonography has been implemented in our infertility clinic since 1991. We report our experience with this technique during the last year of routine outpatient activity. A total of 154 infertile patients, including three patients on two occasions, underwent tubal patency testing by transvaginal sonography; 36 ...
Vandekerckhove P - - 1996
There has been debate in the literature for more than 40 years as to whether flushing of the Fallopian tubes enhances fertility and whether this presumed therapeutic effect is greater with oil-soluble media than with water-soluble media. A meta-analysis of the therapeutic role of oil-soluble contrast media at hysterosalpingography was ...
Benadiva C A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of pelvic reconstructive surgery with cumulative success rates of IVF for couples with tubal factor infertility. DATA RESOURCES: Outcomes of pelvic surgery were obtained from a review of articles from the literature identified by directed Medline searches. Cumulative pregnancy rates of 771 couples with tubal ...
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