Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1007
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Wong A YK - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the technique and results of falloposcopy, and the classification and management of fallopian tube disease. DATA SOURCES: Medline and non-Medline search of the relevant English literature, and personal experience. STUDY SELECTION: Studies involving the use of falloposcopy to assess tubal status were selected for review. DATA EXTRACTION: ...
Senoh D - - 1999
Our purpose was to visualize normal and abnormal Fallopian tubes using laparoscopy-assisted intrapelvic sonography with a specially developed 20 MHz flexible catheter-based high-resolution, real-time miniature (2.4 mm outer diameter) ultrasound transducer in infertile women. A total of 21 women (20 infertile, one with unilateral hydrosalpinx, and one tubal pregnancy) were ...
Mol B W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic significance of laparoscopy results for fertility outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive patients undergoing hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy for subfertility in our department between May 1985 and November 1987 were identified from medical records. The impact of tubal occlusion, hydrosalpinx and adhesions as detected at laparoscopy was studied. ...
Matern U - - 1999
Although the advantages of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) have been clearly established for the patient, the surgeon must cope with disadvantages caused by unergonomic instrument handles. Pressure areas and persisting nerve lesions have been described in the literature. The shape of the instrument handles has been identified as the reason ...
Mol B W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of noninvasive diagnostic tools to predict tubal rupture and active bleeding in patients with tubal pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Two large teaching hospitals in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Consecutively seen patients with suspected tubal pregnancy who were scheduled to undergo confirmative laparoscopy. MAIN ...
Curry N S - - 1999
Pelvic ultrasound and human chorionic gonadotropin assays are currently the standard methodology to detect tubal pregnancy. We report a case of infertility investigated by hysterosalpingography in which a clinically unsuspected chronic tubal pregnancy was identified with the predisposing factor of bilateral salpingitis isthmica nodosa. The radiographic findings of this very ...
Yadav R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the fertility outcome in sterilization reversals and a variety of factors that have been suggested to influence the successful outcome of sterilization reversal procedures. METHOD: It is a retrospective study involving all sterilization reversals performed between January 1991 and December 1995 in our ...
Chew S - - 1998
AIM: Laparoscopic adhesiolysis has been associated with pregnancy rates of 12% to 58%. This study looks at our experience with laparoscopic adhesiolysis in the management of subfertile patients. METHOD & RESULTS: Between January 1992 and March 1995, 27 subfertile patients who had laparoscopic adhesiolysis done were studied. Four patients (15%) ...
Fedele L - - 1998
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the local use of oxytocin as adjuvant treatment in conservative surgery for tubal pregnancy. The patients were 25 women with laparoscopic diagnosis of tubal pregnancy who were candidates for salpingotomy. Before salpingotomy, each patient was randomly allocated to intramesosalpingeal ...
Spalding H - - 1998
The objective of this study was to assess tubal patency using transvaginal salpingosonography (TSSG) among women treated by tubal ligation after sterilization and to compare these results with those obtained using X-ray hysterosalpingography (HSG). Twenty-one healthy women were recruited. Air was used as a contrast medium in TSSG and Omnipaque ...
Yoshimura T - - 1998
> Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia is a skeletal disorder in which the vertebrae are flattened, thus making the spine shorter and greatly deformed, with marked thoracic kyphoscoliosis, lumbar lordosis, and a shortened trunk. The pelvis is also severely deformed and contracted. The patient was a 40-year-old nulligravida. At the 33rd week of ...
Wildt L - - 1998
The transport function of the uterus and oviducts and its modulation by oxytocin has been examined using hysterosalpingoscintigraphy, recording of intrauterine pressure, electrohysterography and Doppler sonography of the Fallopian tubes. After application to the posterior vaginal fornix, a rapid (within minutes) uptake of the labelled particles into the uterus was ...
Van Geem T A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic neosalpingostomies can be time consuming, costly and technically difficult, resulting in suboptimal results in inexperienced hands. Extracorporeal techniques for pelvic and abdominal organs have already been previously reported in the literature, involving such organs as the appendix, ovary and small bowel. CASE: A 33-year-old white woman, gravida 0, ...
Vitoratos N - - 1998
The role of creatinine kinase (CK) in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was studied. We selected 56 patients divided into 4 groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients with asymptomatic tubal pregnancy, group B consisted of 11 patients with symptomatic tubal pregnancy whereas groups C and D consisted of 20 ...
Tabachnikoff R M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Bilateral tubal pregnancies are rare and are usually confirmed simultaneously during the same operation. We report a case in which the right salpingectomy was performed seven weeks before the left salpingectomy. When the right salpingectomy was done, the left uterine tube appeared entirely normal. CASE: A 38-year-old woman underwent ...
Six years of experience with the use of transvaginal quinacrine as an oblitemting agent of the portion the fallopian tube are presented. Fifteen different forms of treatment using various dosages of quinacrine, alone as well as a combination of quinacrine with several other pharmacological agents were studied . The purpose ...
Nichols KP - - 1998
Background: The optimal treatment of infertility due to tubal occlusion has not been established. Many practitioners feel that the success of tubal repair exceeds that of in vitro fertilization (IVF); however, previous studies of pregnancy after tubal surgery have been limited by bias in patient selection, follow-up, or surgical expertise. ...
Tanawattanacharoen S - - 1998
Fifteen infertile women who required tubal passage evaluation by chromolaparoscopy were recruited. Those who had lower genital tract infection or abnormal uterine bleeding were excluded from the study. Transvaginal HyCoSy was performed during the first half of the menstrual cycle at least 24 hours prior to chromolaparoscopy. The results from ...
Mol B W - - 1998
A retrospective cohort study was set up to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative and radical surgery for tubal pregnancy towards subsequent fertility. Consecutive patients undergoing conservative or radical surgery for tubal pregnancy between January 1990 and August 1993 in two university hospitals were included in the study. Outcome measures were ...
Pelage J P - - 1998
Selective salpingography with fluoroscopic guidance was used to perform fallopian tubal occlusion by using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in two women. No other method of sterilization was possible, and a new pregnancy was considered to be life threatening. After 4 years of follow-up, neither woman had become pregnant. Tubal occlusion with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate is ...
Campello T R - - 1998
AIMS: The clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of the second case of placental site nodule (PSN) of extrauterine, tubal location are presented. METHODS AND RESULTS: The lesion was incidentally found in the right tube during a cesarean section and eventual tubal ligation in a 23-year-old women gesta 2 para 1, after ...
Falcone T - - 1998
Ruptured ectopic pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal mortality in the United States. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of tubal rupture. A retrospective chart review of 236 ectopic pregnancies in 215 patients treated at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation from 1983 through 1996 was performed. Patients ...
Paternoster D M - - 1998
Unilateral absence of a uterine tube is an extremely rare finding, for which there are two possible etiopathogenic causes: in some cases it is due to haemorrhage filling of the cavity and its reabsorption as a result of asymptomatic torsion of the uterine tube during adult life, in pediatric age ...
Vassiliadou N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To compare and quantify leukocyte populations at the tubal implantation site, in the tubal mucosa away from the implantation site and in the intrauterine decidua in women who have had an ectopic tubal pregnancy with leukocyte populations in the decidualized endometrium in women who have had a normal intrauterine ...
Wansaicheong G K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Intramural tubal polyps are commonly described in association with subfertility. However, there is unfamiliarity among clinicians about the investigations available for making a diagnosis of this condition. The objective of this paper was to highlight the suitable investigations for diagnosis and thus increase awareness of this condition and its ...
Matsutani S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic variceal ligation is useful in the control of bleeding from esophageal varices. However, confirmation of ligation precisely at the site of bleeding is usually difficult when treating massive variceal bleeding. Characteristic endoscopic findings that appeared when ligation was performed at the site of bleeding are reported in this ...
Nackley A C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of hydrosalpinx on IVF/ET and the role of salpingectomy. DESIGN: The literature on hydrosalpinx, IVF/ET, embryotoxicity, and salpingectomy for hydrosalpinx was identified through MEDLINE searches and reviewed. RESULT(S): Hydrosalpinx has been associated with poor fertility prognosis. IVF/ET is a better alternative to tubal surgery for ...
Colacurci N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate operative course, tubal patency and reproductive performance after laparoscopic treatment of ectopic pregnancy in relation to initial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values and to the kind of operation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. PATIENTS: Fourty-five patients affected by ectopic pregnancies: thirty-two treated with laparoscopic linear salpingotomy subvided into two ...
Doss B J - - 1998
Extratubal secondary trophoblastic implants (ESTI) are a rare complication of conservative laparoscopic procedures for tubal ectopic pregnancies. These implants present with persistent beta-hCG titers postoperatively and are probably the result of disruption of the ectopic pregnancy at salpingostomy or morcellation of the fallopian tube at salpingectomy. We describe the case ...
Kasum M - - 1998
A case of simultaneous bilateral tubal pregnancy resulting from in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is presented. Repeated transvaginal ultrasound examinations confirmed an intrauterine sac but no fetus. A diagnosis of early missed abortion was incorrectly made and a curettage was performed. The pathological examination showed the presence of decidua and ...
Song D - - 1998
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that using the less soluble volatile anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, as alternatives to propofol for maintenance of anesthesia facilitates the ability of outpatients to achieve postanesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge criteria (i.e., fast-track eligibility) on arrival in the PACU after laparoscopic surgery. ...
Connolly B L - - 1998
We describe antegrade intussusceptions of duodenum and jejunum around gastrojejunostomy tubes seen on sonography and fluoroscopic contrast tube studies. Reduction of the intussusception was achieved by bolus injection of air or contrast medium through the tube or exchange over a wire. Sonography and fluoroscopic contrast tube studies permit diagnosis of ...
Hayashi M - - 1998
This study was designed in order to assess whether the Iwasaki-Hayashi (IH) catheter can be fixed to the uterine cervix easily and successfully during transcervical fallopian tube recanalization (T-FTR) with fluoroscopic guidance, to try T-FTR in special cases, and to investigate the success rate. The study included 21 infertile women ...
Kokawa K - - 1998
To investigate possible effects of implantation on apoptosis, we examined the cleavage of DNA in human chorionic villi and decidua in intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. Very limited but detectable cleavage of DNA was recognized in the chorionic villi and decidua in normal pregnancy. A ladder pattern, characteristic of the apoptotic ...
Gillett W R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of children born after a tubal microsurgical operation and to evaluate the fertility index, a long-term measure of reproductive potential. DESIGN: A case series involving a follow-up questionnaire. SETTING: A tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Three hundred twelve women undergoing microsurgery for tubal disease. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Rantala M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study tubal patency and fertility outcome of patients with expectantly managed ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. PATIENT(S): Thirty patients who wanted to become pregnant again were treated successfully by expectant management of EP. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Wainer R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hydrosalpinges on the pregnancy rate in an IVF program. DESIGN: Multicentric retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory data. SETTING: Two assisted reproductive technology centers in university hospitals. PATIENT(S): Four hundred forty-three women, under 38 years of age, with pure tubal infertility. The patients were ...
Annunziata N - - 1997
With reference to a case of pregnancy of a patient formerly subjected to tubal sterilization using Pomeroy's technique, the authors define the possibility for tubal stumps to recanalise. Despite the low percentage of failure in tubal sterilization using Pomeroy's technique, the authors conclude that it is advisable to make the ...
Kleinkauf-Houcken A - - 1997
This study was conducted to determine whether the additional use of pulsed wave Doppler improves the diagnostic capacity in assessing tubal patency by hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy). A total of 210 women with a history of infertility were included in this study. HyCoSy was performed after intrauterine injection of Echovist ...
Kim J D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To survey what factors influence the pregnancy outcome in an effort to improve the pregnancy rate (PR) after microsurgical reversal of tubal sterilization. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. PATIENT(S): Three hundred eighty-seven patients who had microsurgical tubal reversal between March 1982 and January 1994. INTERVENTION(S): Postoperative pregnancy outcomes were determined ...
Ransom M X - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of microsurgical tubal anastomosis among patients having failed attempts to correct cornual-isthmic tubal obstruction by hysteroscopic tubal catheterization. DESIGN: An open observational trial. SETTING: A tertiary referral reproductive medicine practice. PATIENT(S): Forty-three patients with laparoscopically confirmed bilateral cornual-isthmic obstruction and otherwise normal fallopian tubes. Thirty-three ...
Grullon K E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Most tubal ectopic pregnancies become symptomatic in the first trimester and rarely progress to the second trimester. Elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) has rarely been associated with second-trimester tubal pregnancy. We present a case of a 20-week asymptomatic tubal pregnancy identified by elevated MSAFP. CASE: An asymptomatic 22-year-old woman ...
Isaacs J D JD - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognosis for pregnancy when tubal anastomosis can be performed on only one tube. DESIGN: Prospective collection of demographic and clinical data. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENT(S): One hundred twenty-six women undergoing elective sterilization reversal. INTERVENTION(S): Sterilization reversal was performed by five reproductive endocrine surgeons. In 35 ...
Yalcin O T - - 1997
Isolated torsion of fallopian tube is very uncommon during pregnancy. Predisposing factors for torsion are hydrosalpinx, prior tubal operation, pelvic congestion, ovarian and paraovarian masses and trauma. Although the most important clinical symptom is abdominal pain in lower quadrants, the diagnosis is usually established during the operation performed for acute ...
Mol B W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The traditional treatment of ectopic pregnancy is salpingectomy, while conservative surgery aims to save the function of the uterine tube. This study compares the effectiveness and the economic costs of salpingectomy and conservative tubal surgery in women with a tubal pregnancy. METHODS: Salpingectomy and conservative tubal surgery were compared ...
Jacques S M - - 1997
Five patients had retained trophoblastic tissue within the Fallopian tubes, which suggested remote ectopic pregnancies. Four remote ectopic pregnancies were identified in patients after delivery. One patient underwent salpingo-oophorectomy after the identification of a small ovarian mass and 1.0 cm "necrotic area" in the fallopian tube at cesarean section. The ...
Saxon D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy continues to be a leading cause of maternal morbidity and of reduced childbearing potential among women of reproductive age. Because of tubal rupture it is still the main cause of pregnancy-related death during the first trimester. The purpose of our study was to evaluate factors that may ...
Yuen P M - - 1997
A retrospective review was performed of all women who had undergone operation for a tubal pregnancy at the Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, from November 1992 to March 1994. One hundred and five patients were included---61 were managed by laparoscopy and 44 by laparotomy. There were no differences in ...
Porcu E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficiency of a new delivery system to perform transcervical GIFT. DESIGN: Evaluation of pregnancy rate (PR), miscarriage rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, and delivery rate. SETTING: Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology Unit, Infertility and IVF Center. PATIENT(S): Twenty-five patients with patent tubes documented ...
Kasia J M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE(S): To study the fertility results after laparoscopic distal tuboplasty and compare them with the data in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: 194 laparoscopic distal tuboplasties were carried out from May 1992 to May 1994 in the Yaounde General Hospital (Cameroon). The results were analysed according to the age of the ...
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