Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1029
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Volpi E - - 1996
Tubal patency testing by transvaginal sonography has been implemented in our infertility clinic since 1991. We report our experience with this technique during the last year of routine outpatient activity. A total of 154 infertile patients, including three patients on two occasions, underwent tubal patency testing by transvaginal sonography; 36 ...
Vandekerckhove P - - 1996
There has been debate in the literature for more than 40 years as to whether flushing of the Fallopian tubes enhances fertility and whether this presumed therapeutic effect is greater with oil-soluble media than with water-soluble media. A meta-analysis of the therapeutic role of oil-soluble contrast media at hysterosalpingography was ...
Benadiva C A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of pelvic reconstructive surgery with cumulative success rates of IVF for couples with tubal factor infertility. DATA RESOURCES: Outcomes of pelvic surgery were obtained from a review of articles from the literature identified by directed Medline searches. Cumulative pregnancy rates of 771 couples with tubal ...
Rossi A M - - 1995
The outcome of 103 pregnancies in 64 women with constant hyperprolactinemia was evaluated. Seventy-eight pregnancies had been induced with bromocriptine and 25 occurred without any treatment. In all, 66% of the pregnancies ended in delivery, 17% in miscarriage, 10% in tubal pregnancy and 7% in induced abortion. The pregnancy of ...
Dunphy B C - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the appearance of the oviductal lumen during falloposcopic examination, and the occurrence of intrauterine pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy independent of treatment. Sixty-two consecutive women were recruited who were examined falloposcopically in-office, and who did not require ...
Beck J D - - 1995
Two types of reversals occur in longitudinal caries studies, remineralization (true reversals) and reversals due to examiner misclassification (D3 to S; F to S). Since 1966, the standard practice has been to subtract examiner reversals from the crude increment (CCI), resulting in a net caries increment (NCI). The use of ...
Kahraman S - - 1995
Since the advent of assisted reproductive technology, the concern about ectopic implantation of embryos has increased dramatically. Simultaneous bilateral tubal pregnancy is the least common type of ectopic implantation of two embryos. In this report we present the first case of simultaneous bilateral tubal pregnancy after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ...
Novy M J - - 1995
Although there are tubal causes of infertility for which surgery offers little or no chance of successful treatment, there are at least two situations-sterilization reversal and microsurgical or laparoscopic adhesiolysis in the absence of fimbrial damage and/or male factor-in which subsequent live birth rates are excellent, 60-80% for the former ...
Rudelstorfer B - - 1995
Pelviscopic surgery with organ preservation and approximation of wound edges has become increasingly accepted as operative therapy of tubal pregnancy. We developed a new, simple method using fibrin sealant that can be learned by surgeons in training, and can be performed easily when specialists are not available. One hundred fourteen ...
Ribic-Pucelj M - - 1995
PURPOSE: To find the incidence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in patients who conceived in the IVF-ET program, and risk factors affecting the occurrence of EP. METHODS: We analyzed the effects of the indication for IVF, type of ovarian stimulation (hMG + hCG vs. GnRH + hMG + hCG), type of ...
Manley S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The incidence of unrecognized early pregnancy and its influence on the surgical and anesthetic course in patients presenting for elective ambulatory surgery have not been previously determined. The current study was designed to determine the incidence of unrecognized pregnancy in women presenting for ambulatory surgery. In addition, it examined ...
Maymon R - - 1995
Placental isoferritin (PLF) has been shown to be involved in the down-regulation of the maternal immune system during pregnancy. In a prospective study, serum PLF concentrations were measured in 33 pregnant women with singleton, normal, ongoing first trimester gestations and compared with those of 22 women with tubal gestations. Diagnoses ...
Mehanna M T - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the role of Chlamydia trachomatis in the etiology of tubal factor infertility and ectopic pregnancy in Egypt. GOAL OF THIS STUDY: To assess the association between past chlamydial infection, tubal factor infertility, and ectopic pregnancy in an Egyptian population. STUDY DESIGN: This report ...
Deblieux P - - 1995
Endoscopic guidance during percutaneous dilational tracheostomy reduces the risk of paratracheal insertion of the tracheostomy tube but may impair ventilation and does not eliminate the possibility of premature endotracheal extubation. Use of a small-caliber, hollow endotracheal tube exchanger during stomal dilation in lieu of a fiberoptic bronchoscope allows for better ...
Kao L W - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine if laser-assisted anastomosis is superior to microsurgical anastomosis and laser welding for tubal reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty uterine tubes from 30 rabbits were transected and then anastomosed with a microsurgical technique, laser welding and laser-assisted anastomosis using a microscope. The rabbits were mated one month postoperatively and ...
Seracchioli R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficiency and overall acceptability of hysteroscopic GIFT when compared with laparoscopic GIFT. DESIGN: We performed a randomized comparison between these techniques as regards pregnancy rate (PR), implantation rate, miscarriage rate, and ectopic pregnancy rate (ectopic PR). SETTING: All patients were enrolled for GIFT procedures in our ...
Rouzi A A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess a new criterion for selection of patients who request reversal of fimbriectomy sterilization. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Division of reproductive endocrinology and infertility in an academic center. PATIENTS: Eight patients undergoing reversal of fimbriectomy using microsurgical techniques. The prerequisite inclusion criterion was the presence of more than ...
Teoh T G - - 1995
The outcome of 368 consecutive tubal microsurgical operations excluding reversal of sterilizations, over a ten year period at the Rotunda Hospital, is presented. One hundred and ten conceptions resulted giving a pregnancy rate of 29.9% per procedure. The 'take home baby rate' was 24.2%, with miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy rates ...
Rouzi A A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic variables effecting the successful pregnancy outcome of reversal of sterilization. DESIGN: Demographic and clinical history data were collected prospectively. SETTING: Division of Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: Between 1981 and 1992, 217 ...
Woolcott R - - 1995
A total of 66 patients with proximal Fallopian tube (113 tubes) obstruction, as diagnosed by both laparoscopy and hysterosalpingogram, were each subjected to a transcervical recanalization procedure sequentially using selective salpingography followed, if necessary, by tubal catheterization with a soft Teflon 2-French catheter and finally, if needed, wire-guide cannulation. Each ...
Dubuisson J B - - 1995
Fertility outcome following sterilization reversal by laparotomy was evaluated. We studied all sterilization reversals performed between January 1978 and December 1991; a total of 226 women were treated. Tubal anastomosis was performed according to the rules for microsurgery. The microsurgical technique comprised two main phases: preparation of the healthy tube ...
Ing T S - - 1995
We describe a method of obtaining a small representative fraction of spent dialysate by placing a side tube in the dialysate drainage tube. The side tube, capped with a small-gauge needle, is used to collect the specimen. Fractions obtained in this fashion are found to have a composition similar to ...
al-Sebai M A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of a single maternal serum progesterone measurement in the immediate diagnosis of early pregnancy failure and in the long term prognosis of fetal viability. DESIGN: A prospective comparative study of women presenting with vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain in early pregnancy. The comparison group was ...
Apodaca C C - - 1995
While multiple series have documented the success of microsurgical tubal anastomosis, there is limited information available concerning repeat procedures; that may reflect reluctance on the part of the microsurgeon to consider these patients candidates for additional surgery. In this report we describe a patient who underwent repeat microsurgical fallopian tube ...
Motta E L - - 1995
The effectiveness of selective tubal cannulation using a simple and inexpensive tubal insemination catheter was evaluated in 23 infertile patients with cornual obstruction demonstrated by hysterosalpingography. Selective fluoroscopic tubal catheterization was accomplished in 95% of the patients with resulting tubal patency in 70% of the procedures (28 recanalizations out of ...
Breeze R E - - 1995
A relatively simple method for implanting fetal tissue within the human basal ganglia is described. Stereotactic techniques are used to deposit 14 to 16 strands of fetal mesencephalic tissue in a linear array within the putamen bilaterally. To eliminate the need for targeting each needle pass independently, we have devised ...
Vasquez G - - 1995
The relationship of abnormalities of the Fallopian tubes in patients with tubal infertility due to hydrosalpinges and fertility outcome after salpingoneostomy was studied in a prospective multicentric project. Hydrosalpinges of infertile patients were evaluated macroscopically and microscopically at the time of salpingoneostomy and the results were analysed with regard to ...
Thurmond A S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of transcervical tubal catheterization in diagnosis and treatment of proximal tubal obstruction associated with salpingitis isthmica nodosa. DESIGN: Retrospective case study. SETTING: University hospital and outpatient radiology practice. PATIENTS: Fifty-two women with proximal tubal obstruction associated with salpingitis isthmica nodosa. INTERVENTION: Selective salpingography and catheter ...
Strandell A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: A study was initiated to identify background factors, clinical features and pre-operative scoring systems of importance for future selection of patients suitable for fertility surgery. METHODS: Surgical procedures, background factors and scoring systems for tubal lesions and adnexal adhesions and risk factors for ectopic pregnancy were analyzed with respect ...
Chandra L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of serum creatine kinase as a possible marker for diagnosis of tubal pregnancy. METHODS: Five groups of patients were included in this prospective study: group A, 20 patients with tubal pregnancies; group B, 20 patients with missed abortions; group C, 20 patients with pelvic inflammatory ...
Check J H - - 1995
Although amniotic fluid concentrations of cancer antigen (CA) 125 rise during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, the serum concentrations of CA125 peak during the first trimester and drop to non-pregnant values in the second and third trimester. A previous hypothesis to explain this phenomenon was that in the early ...
Tay H L - - 1995
A prospective randomized study was carried out to assess the post-tonsillectomy morbidity of the electrodissection technique as opposed to the blunt dissection and ligation technique. One hundred and four patients, each serving as his or her own control, were randomized to have either the right or left tonsil removed by ...
Remorgida V - - 1995
A 32-year-old white lady suffering from tubal infertility was referred to our institution in November 1992 because of low abdominal pain due to a heterotopic pregnancy (one intrauterine sac and the other in the right tube). The patient had undergone, 8 weeks before, her second successful attempt at in vitro ...
Yeko T R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of hyperosmolar glucose injection in select unruptured tubal gestations with hCG levels less than 2500 mIU/mL. METHODS: In this prospective series, 16 patients with an hCG titer less than 2500 mIU/mL and an unruptured ectopic pregnancy were treated by tubal injection with hyperosmolar ...
Ferraiolo A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate selective salpingography sensitivity. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University of Genoa, Italy. PATIENTS: One hundred seventeen patients previously submitted to selective salpingography because of unilateral or bilateral proximal tubal injection failure. RESULTS: Seven pregnancies, one of which was ectopic, were obtained in 17 patients ...
Bannenberg J J - - 1995
Retroperitoneal endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy was performed in four pigs in the prone or lateral position to study the feasibility of these new approaches. Positioning, port placement and the dissection technique are described in detail. In nine patients retroperitoneal endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy, using the lateral position technique, was performed. The importance ...
Lema V M - - 1995
A very rare case of three consecutive ipsilateral tubal pregnancies, in a 31 year old nulliparous Malawian woman is presented. The three pregnancies occurred over a four year period between 1989 and 1993, and were treated at three different hospitals in Malawi and Britain. The first two were treated conservatively ...
Baggish M S - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To establish whether bipolar scissors offer equivalent cutting performance compared with monopolar scissors and to compare extent of thermal coagulation injury using two electrosurgical generators. DESIGN: Eighteen female rabbits' uterine horns were cut using controlled velocity at several different wattages with either bipolar or monopolar scissors. The specimens were ...
Spiewankiewicz B - - 1995
Hysteroscopic tubal catheterization in patients with proximal tube obstruction, was successful in our material in 11 out of 15 cases. In 36.6% women this pathology was connected to the presence of pathologic microflora in the oviducts, as confirmed by bacteriological examination of tubal fluid. The pregnancy rate in endoscopically treated ...
Hunter R H - - 1995
Because polyspermic fertilisation is a pathological condition in mammals, arising from an excess of spermatozoa at the site of initial sperm-egg contact and leading to early death of the embryo, consideration has been given to the manner whereby the utero-tubal junction may contribute to a reduction in the numbers of ...
Caldicott L D - - 1995
The Portex percutaneous trachestomy kit incorporates guidewire dilating forceps which pass over a guidewire and perform rapid dilatation. These forceps have curved jaws which are designed to reduce possible damage to the lateral and posterior walls of the trachea. The guidewire dilating forceps are first opened in front of the ...
Sapienza P - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Early results of laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (LABA) and peripheral directional atherectomy (PDA) are encouraging. The true value of these procedures has remained in doubt, however, because of the absence of data on long-term objective patency rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August 1988 through October 1993, LABA and PDA were ...
Grafton W D - - 1994
Pathologists are occasionally asked for medicolegal reasons to estimate the gestational age of an ectopic pregnancy based on morphologic findings. We evaluated the correlation between the gestational age and the maximal diameter of the resected fallopian tube, the average diameter of chorionic villi, the number of chorionic villi per square ...
Kennard E A - - 1994
Infertile patients who have undergone unilateral oophorectomies or salpingectomies or those with uterine anomalies may require juxtaposition of a remaining fallopian tube and contralateral ovary. A 28-year-old woman with previous left oophorectomy for endometriosis was found to have a left unicornuate uterus during subsequent infertility evaluation. Laparotomy and resection of ...
Schmitz-Rode T - - 1994
PURPOSE: A nonsurgical method of female sterilization was investigated in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-expanding microspindle (length 9-18 mm, diameter 1.5-2.0 mm) made from tubular metal mesh was implanted in a single fallopian tube of 12 rabbits via catheterization of a single uterus. The contralateral fallopian tube and uterus ...
Lurie S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that microscopic chronic salpingitis is an etiologic factor in ectopic (tubal) pregnancy with an intrauterine device (IUD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients at a university hospital operated for tubal pregnancy fulfilled strict histological diagnostic criteria for tubal pregnancy. There ...
Pace N A - - 1994
We have compared insertion of a tracheal tube and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) both with and without the presence of a tube in the oesophagus in 20 ASA I and II patients undergoing elective laparoscopy. After induction of anaesthesia and neuromuscular block, we measured the times for an experienced anaesthetist ...
Fakih H - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prospectively the impact of subtle tubal disorders on GIFT pregnancy rates in women with pelvic endometriosis. DESIGN: A prospective comparison of pregnancy rates in different stages of endometriosis while controlling for the presence of tubal abnormalities. INTERVENTIONS: A total of 146 patients with endometriosis underwent 201 GIFT ...
Li S C - - 1994
We reported the efficacy of interval hysteroscopic tubal catherization and hydrotubation for three months in 54 infertile women with tubal obstruction (102 fallopian tubes). By comparison of HSGs before and after treatment, 86 of 102 tubes (84%) showed the improvement of tubal patency (P < 0.01). 56 tubes were patent ...
Alge A A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has become an important tool in the treatment of tubal pregnancy. Skillful operative technique should prevent tissue spread and thus avoid persistence of ectopic trophoblastic cells. CASE: A laparotomy with complete salpingectomy was performed in a patient with rising serum hCG levels after a previous laparoscopic partial ...
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