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Palacios C C Departamento de Construcción y Agronomía, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Ambientales, Filiberto Villalobos, 37007, Salamanca, - - 2014
A total number of 48,088 artificial inseminations (AIs) have been controlled during seven consecutive years in 79 dairy sheep Spanish farms (41° N). Mean, maximum and minimum ambient temperatures (Ts), temperature amplitude (TA), mean relative humidity (RH), mean solar radiation (SR) and total rainfall of each insemination day and 15 days ...
González-Jiménez Emilio E Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, University of Granada, C/Santander No 1, 52071, Melilla, Spain, - - 2014
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adolescents is a growing problem. The objectives were to verify the association among early predictors such as birth weight, breastfeeding, maternal weight status, smoking during pregnancy, and the development of MetS. A cross-sectional study was performed of 976 children and adolescents, 10-15 years of age, at ...
Fotiou Maria M Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To study the evolution profile of amniotic fluid (AF) glucose, uric acid, phosphate, potassium, and sodium, in the second trimester of pregnancy, and explore the possible relations between the concentration of these components and maternal, as well as neonatal characteristics. Methods: AF of 52 pregnant women was analyzed ...
Valsamakis Georgios G Endocrine Unit, 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pathology Department, Aretaieion University Hospital, Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece; Warwickshire Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (WISDEM), University Hospital Coventry and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, - - 2014
In pregnancy physiological mechanisms activated by maternal appetite contribute to adequate energy intake for the mother and for the fetus. The role of maternal appetite-related peptides and their possible association with neonatal energy stores and glucose metabolism have not been investigated as yet. The aim was to investigate, during pregnancy, ...
Rydbeck Filip F Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
Adequate iodine status in early life is crucial for neurodevelopment. However, little is known about the effects of maternal iodine status during pregnancy on fetal growth. The present study investigated the potential impact of maternal iodine status during pregnancy on offspring birth size. This large prospective cohort study was nested ...
Aubuchon-Endsley Nicki L NL Department of Psychology, Idaho State University, 921 S 8th Ave, Stop 8112, Pocatello ID 83209 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated main and interactive effects of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain on circadian cortisol from the second to third trimester. A diverse sample of 215 pregnant women was enrolled. Maternal height and most recent pre-pregnancy weight were collected at study initiation (22% obese). Weight and circadian salivary ...
Thomas J M JM Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO - - 2014
Two experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that pregnancy rates after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in beef heifers and cows may be improved by delaying insemination of females that have not expressed estrus prior to FTAI. In Exp. 1, estrus was synchronized for 931 heifers across three locations using ...
Webster Glenys M GM Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6; Child and Family Research Institute, BC Children's and Women's Hospital, 950 West 28th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 4H4. Electronic address: - - 2014
Associations between perfluoroalkyl acids (PFASs) and human thyroid hormone levels remain unclear, especially during early pregnancy when small changes in maternal thyroid hormones can affect fetal brain development. To examine associations between maternal serum PFAS levels and maternal thyroid hormone levels in the early 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Participants were ...
Coban Soner S Department of Urology, Sevket Yilmaz Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, - - 2014
Abstract Mild hydronephrosis may be present in upto 90% of pregnancies. The degree of hydronephrosis was determined by maximal calyceal diameter (MCD). The aim of this study is investigate whether there is a relationship between grade of maternal hydronephrosis and birth weight of the babies. Subjects were examined in 3 ...
Csorba Roland R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, City Hospital of Aschaffenburg, Aschaffenburg, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: An association between maternal and fetal blood rheology has not yet been investigated nor is it known whether and to what extend fetal blood rheology may be affected by maternal conditions. Methods: At delivery, blood was drawn from the cubital vein of 4,985 consecutive mothers and from the ...
Blumenfeld Zeev Z Department of Ob/Gyn, Rambam Health Care Campus, The Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 31096, - - 2014
To report the etiology and the sonographic findings of fetal demise at 14-17 weeks' gestation. A prospective transvaginal sonographic search of fetal anomalies was performed in 61 early second-trimester cases of fetal demise. The findings were compared with the results of sonographic examinations of 22,500 viable fetuses between weeks 14 ...
Miyake Yoshihiro Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiologic evidence of the association between maternal intake of dairy foods, calcium, and vitamin D during pregnancy and childhood allergic disorders is inconclusive. To examine the association between maternal intake of dairy foods, calcium, and vitamin D during pregnancy and childhood allergic disorders in Japanese children aged 23 to 29 ...
Vieira-Neto A A Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Lages, SC 88520, - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the individual and combined effect of anovulation and cytological endometritis (CTE) on the reproductive performance of dairy cows. A total of 1,569 cows from 3 data sets were used. In data set 1, 403 Holstein cows from 5 dairies in New York were used. In ...
Rodrigues A D P AD Departamento de Produção Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia-UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2014
Prepubertal Bos indicus heifers (n = 774) were submitted to an E2/P4-based timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol at three different intervals after induction of their pubertal ovulation by insertion of an intravaginal progesterone (P4) device for 12 days. Heifers were randomly assigned to start the TAI protocol at 10 (group 10; n = 253), 12 ...
Williams Christine B CB Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
Maternal obesity is inextricably linked to adverse health outcomes for the mother and her children. The peripartum period is a critical period of risk. In this chapter, we examine the importance of maternal prepregnancy weight status, gestational weight gain, breastfeeding, and postpartum weight loss in relation to subsequent risk for ...
Mazuz Monica L ML Division of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel; Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Kuvin Centre for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neosporosis caused by caused by the apicomplexan parasite Neospora caninum is one of the major causes of infectious abortion in bovines worldwide. A long-term prospective study was performed in a dairy herd endemic for N. caninum in order to analyze the impact of neosporosis on the proportion of aborting cows. ...
Pugliesi G G Departamento de Reprodução Animal, Facukdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Pirassununga, SP, - - 2014
This short communication reports the impact of endometrial biopsies, uterine flushings and follicular fluid aspiration procedures at day 6 post artificial insemination (AI) on pregnancy rates. In Experiment 1, cows were timed AI (TAI) and assigned to the following treatment groups: control (n = 37), uterine flushing (n = 35) and endometrial biopsy (n = 38). ...
van den Heuvel Marion I MI Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, MTA, Budapest, Hungary, Institute of Psychology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven KU Leuven, Belgium, and Flemish Government, Brussels, - - 2014
Maternal anxiety during pregnancy has been consistently shown to negatively affect offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of positive maternal traits/states during pregnancy on the offspring. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of the mother's mindfulness and anxiety during pregnancy on the infant's ...
Barco Israel I Breast Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital Universitari Mútua Terrassa, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain - - 2014
Blood-stained colostrum occurs occasionally during pregnancy and lactation due to a conspicuous increase in lobuloalveolar growth. We report on a case of bilateral frank blood-stained colostrum secreted during pregnancy and early postpartum, emphasizing the transitory nature of this condition and the need to reinforce breastfeeding.
Sinedino L D P LD Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the reproductive performance of dairy cows subjected to early (ER) or late (LR) resynchronization programs after nonpregnancy diagnoses based on either pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) ELISA or transrectal palpation, respectively. In addition, the accuracy of the PAG ELISA for early pregnancy diagnosis was ...
Keller-Wood Maureen M University of Florida - - 2014
In normal pregnancy cortisol increases, however further pathologic increases in cortisol are associated with maternal and fetal morbidities. These experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that increased maternal cortisol would increase maternal glucose concentrations, suppress fetal growth, and impair neonatal glucose homeostasis. Ewes were infused with cortisol (1 mg/kg/d) ...
Crosby David A DA University College Dublin Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Objective This longitudinal study compared changes in maternal weight and body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy in the time interval between when a woman first attended for antenatal care with her first child and when she next attended for antenatal care. Study Design We studied women with a singleton pregnancy who ...
Holzmann Malin - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To identify cardiotocography (CTG) patterns associated with increased risk of intrapartum fetal acidemia. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study of 1070 women with fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) during labor was conducted at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Women with a nonreassuring CTG pattern underwent FBS, and lactate ...
Monteiro P L J PL Jr Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP 13418-900 - - 2014
The objectives of the current study were to evaluate the effects of supplemental progesterone after artificial insemination (AI) on expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) in blood leukocytes and fertility in lactating dairy cows. Weekly cohorts of Holstein cows were blocked by parity (575 primiparous and 923 multiparous) and method of ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital,Dublin,Republic of - - 2014
The present study is a secondary analysis of the ROLO study, a randomised control trial of a low-glycaemic index (GI) diet in pregnancy to prevent the recurrence of fetal macrosomia. The objectives of the present study were to identify which women are most likely to respond to a low-GI dietary ...
Cui Yingjun - - 2014
Female mammals call on hormonally driven metabolic adaptations to meet the energy demand of late pregnancy and lactation. These maternal adaptations preserve limiting nutrients and promote their transfer to the uterus during pregnancy or mammary gland during lactation. The novel metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) was recently shown to ...
Shahin M M Department of Animal Science, Georg-August-University Goettingen, Goettingen, - - 2014
Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are produced by mono- and binucleate trophoblast cells in the ruminant placenta. PAG appears in maternal blood and, from approximately 4 weeks after fertilization onward, may serve as a reliable means of diagnosing pregnancy. A range of factors are said to affect plasma PAG concentrations, such as number ...
Hatzopoulou Konstantina K Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, GR-57400 Thessaloniki, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background/Aim: Maternal diet is important in the outcome of pregnancy and the health of the children. The present cross-sectional study aimed to assess the use of dietary supplements during pregnancy and define the maternal characteristics associated with supplement use. Methods: The diet of 100 childbearing women was recorded for ...
Ozgu-Erdinc A Seval AS Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Care, Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Our purpose was to evaluate the predictive value of maternal serum and amniotic fluid biomarkers that were obtained at the time of genetic amniocentesis for preterm delivery and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). A prospective cohort analysis was conducted in 107 singleton pregnancies that underwent amniocentesis at 16-22 weeks according to ...
Abelius Martina S MS Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Clinical Research Centre, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Unit of Autoimmunity and Immune Regulation, Division of Inflammation Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
The influence of the intra-uterine environment on the immunity and allergy development in the offspring is unclear. We aimed to investigate (i) whether the pregnancy magnifies the Th2 immunity in allergic and non-allergic women, (ii) whether the maternal chemokine levels during pregnancy influenced the offspring's chemokine levels during childhood and ...
Horan Mk M University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
The in utero environment has been found to affect fetal development however many of the mechanisms by which this occurs remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal dietary macronutrient intake and lifestyle in pregnancy and neonatal body composition. This was an analysis of ...
Stirrat Li L Tommy's Centre for Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Medical Research Council Centre for Reproductive Health, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity has been associated with low birthweight and preterm labour. Maternal obesity is associated with macrosomia (birthweight ≥4000 g) and prolonged pregnancy (≥41 weeks). We hypothesised altered HPA axis activity may underlie these pregnancy outcomes and aimed to characterise HPA axis hormones in obese pregnancy. Fasting ...
Girard Sylvie S Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Institute of Human Development, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Inflammation during pregnancy has devastating consequences for the placenta and fetus. These events are incompletely understood, thereby hampering screening and treatment. The inflammatory profile of villous tissue was studied in pregnancies at high-risk of placental dysfunction and compared to uncomplicated pregnancies. The systemic inflammatory profile was assessed in matched maternal ...
da Costa Antônio Nélson Lima AN Curso de Agronomia, Universidade Federal do Cariri (UFCA), Rua Vereador Sebastião Maciel Lopes, s/n, CEP 63133-610, Crato, CE, Brazil, - - 2014
This study compared two breed groups of Girolando (½ Holstein ½ Gyr vs. ¾ Holstein ¼ Gyr) through analysis of physiological, productive, and reproductive parameters to determine the group best suited to rearing in a semiarid tropical climate. The experiment was conducted at the Companhia de Alimentos do Nordeste (CIALNE) ...
Lagiou Pagona P Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
Birth size has been associated with adult life diseases, but the endocrine factors that are likely involved are not established. We evaluated the associations of maternal and cord blood hormones with birth size in normal pregnancies, and examined possible effect modification by maternal height, on the basis of prior suggestive ...
Petry Clive J CJ aDepartment of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge bNeonatal Unit, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust cMedical Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
The heritability of pregnancy-induced hypertension (encompassing both gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) is around 0.47, suggesting that there is a genetic component to its development. However, the maternal genetic risk variants discovered so far only account for a small proportion of the heritability. Other genetic variants that may affect maternal blood ...
Walsh S W SW Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have documented that ovarian antral follicle count (AFC) is positively correlated with number of healthy follicles and oocytes in ovaries (ovarian reserve), as well as ovarian function and fertility in cattle. However, environmental factors (e.g., nutrition, steroids) during pregnancy in cattle and sheep can reduce AFC in offspring. ...
Scott Courtney - - 2014
Growing evidence suggests that maternal prepregnancy weight and gestational weight gain are risk factors for perinatal complications and subsequent maternal and child health. Postpartum weight retention is also associated with adverse birth outcomes and maternal obesity. Clinical guidelines addressing healthy weight before, during, and after pregnancy have been introduced in ...
D'Souza K N KN Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, United - - 2014
The effect of stimulation with a gonadotropin preparation with combined follicle stimulating and luteininzing hormone like activity on reproductive success in anestrous ewes was evaluated. In Experiment 1, ewes of mixed breeding were treated with CIDR inserts (0.3g progesterone) for 5 days and were assigned randomly to receive either gonadotropin ...
Mei Quan Q The Second People's Hospital of Yichang City, The Second People's Hospital of Three Gorges University, Yichang, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of mifepristone and ethacridine lactate with ethacridine lactate alone for second trimester pregnancy termination. Two hundred and seventy-six healthy women between 16 and 27 weeks of gestation, desiring a termination, were assigned at random into two groups. The study group consisted of 140 women who received ...
Tshuma Takula T Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X 04, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa, - - 2014
This study investigated the association between pre-breeding blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration and reproductive performance of beef heifers within different management systems in South Africa. Bonsmara heifers (n = 369) from five herds with different estimated levels of nitrogen intake during the month prior to the commencement of the breeding season were ...
Guzmán Carolina C HIPAM, Unidad de Medicina Experimental, Hospital General de México, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), México, D.F., - - 2014
Maternal protein restriction during rat pregnancy and lactation is associated with alterations in reproductive function of female offspring including delayed onset of puberty, decreased fertility and premature reproductive aging. These alterations may be related to ovarian prepubertal development, distribution of follicle populations and their steroidogenic capacities. We undertook this study ...
Ayres H H Departamento de Reprodução Animal, FMVZ/USP, Rua Orlando Marques de Paiva, São Paulo-SP, Brazil; MSD Animal Health, São Paulo-SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The influence of body condition score (BCS), rump fat thickness (RFAT), and live weight (LW), and the changes in these parameters during the interval from 165 of prepartum (i.e., 125 days of prior gestation) to 112 postpartum on first service conception and pregnancy rates were investigated in suckled Zebu (Bos indicus) ...
Ekström Sandra S Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Maternal obesity has been linked to offspring asthma, however other allergy-related diseases, as well as the association beyond early school-age are largely unstudied. To examine the associations between maternal BMI in pregnancy and offspring asthma, rhinitis, eczema and sensitization up to 16 years of age. 3,294 children from the Swedish ...
Chen Lei L Global Patient Safety-Pharmacoepidemiology, Eli Lilly and Company, LCC DP 2638, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA, - - 2014
We describe patterns of dietary caffeine consumption before and after pregnancy recognition in a cohort of women who recently gave birth. This study included 8,347 mothers of non-malformed liveborn control infants who participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study during 1997-2007. Maternal self-reported consumption of beverages (caffeinated coffee, tea, ...
Yan Wang Z Z Committee on Neurobiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637. Electronic address: - - 2014
The impact of pregnancy and lactation on ultradian rhythms (URs) and circadian rhythms (CRs) of locomotor activity was assessed in circadian rhythmic and arrhythmic Siberian hamsters maintained in a long-day photoperiod (16h light/day). Progressive decrements in CR robustness and amplitude over the course of gestation were accompanied by enhanced URs. ...
Cheong Soon Hon SH Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-6401, - - 2014
Two late gestation Holstein cows about to begin the third lactation developed massive vulvar edema. These were the only affected animals in the herd of 500 milking cows. The vulvar edema spontaneously regressed postpartum for both cows. Massive vulvar swelling is seldom observed in dairy cows in advanced pregnancy and ...
Hou Ruo-Lin RL Department of Children's Health Care, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310003, - - 2014
Large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns can increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. Previous studies have shown that the levels of maternal blood lipids, connecting peptide (C-peptide), insulin and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were significantly different between LGA and appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) newborns. This study aimed to determine the effect of the levels ...
Bó G A GA 1Instituto de Reproducción Animal Córdoba (IRAC),Zona Rural General - - 2014
The main objective of the implementation of artificial insemination (AI) in cattle is to produce a sustained genetic progress in the herd. Although AI is an old reproductive biotechnology, its widespread implementation is very recent and is mainly because of the use of protocols that allows AI without oestrus detection, ...
Topie Emmanuel E 1Small Animal Reproduction Unit, Veterinary Hospital of Nantes-Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering - Oniris, Nantes, - - 2014
Eleven pregnancies in six queens were monitored daily from day 7 to day 28, corresponding to the end of the embryonic period, using ultrasonography with a 12.5 MHz probe. The first mating was considered as the presumed start of gestation, as has been described to be the case in 92.3% ...
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