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Bannister-Tyrrell Melanie M Clinical and Population Perinatal Health Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
There is controversy about the interaction between melanoma and pregnancy. There is a lack of Australian data on pregnancy outcomes associated with melanoma in pregnancy, despite Australia having the highest incidence of melanoma in the world. Describe trends, maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes associated with pregnancy-associated melanoma in New South ...
Johansson Anna L V AL Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Malignant melanoma (MM) is one of the most common malignancies in young women. It remains debated whether a MM diagnosed during pregnancy or lactation has a worse prognosis. We sought to examine mortality in women with pregnancy-associated MM (PAMM) (diagnosed during pregnancy and up to 2-years postpartum). This was a ...
Lawson Bradley C BC Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate a pregnancy-detection assay based on the measurement of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) in milk samples. In experiment 1, milk samples were collected on the day of first pregnancy check (33-52 d postinsemination; n = 119) or second check (60-74 d postinsemination; n = 60). The ...
Warrer Pernille P Section for Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2014
Pregnancy and lactation labeling is presented in the officially recognized product information (PI) accompanying prescription drugs to ensure appropriate prescribing in pregnant and breastfeeding women. The aim of this study was to analyze pregnancy and lactation labeling in PI for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder drugs marketed across countries and to compare ...
Yamashita Hiroshi H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NHO Nagasaki Medical Center, Omura 856-8562, - - 2014
There have been few studies performed to address the association between the degree of physiological increase in maternal insulin resistance during pregnancy and neonatal birthweight in non-diabetic pregnancy. We attempted to determine whether maternal insulin resistance, as measured by homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), in mid-pregnancy is associated with neonatal ...
Dubber S S Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Vossstr. 2, 69115, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
Adverse effects of perinatal depression on the mother-child interaction are well documented; however, the influence of maternal-fetal bonding during pregnancy on postpartum bonding has not been clearly identified. The subject of this study was to investigate prospectively the influence of maternal-fetal bonding and perinatal symptoms of anxiety and depression on ...
Dirandeh E E Department of Animal Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, P.O. Box: 578, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective was to compare fertility in cows using an Ovsynch protocol starting on day 6 of first postpartum estrous cycle with an Ovsynch protocol initiated at random stages of the estrous cycle during heat stress (temperature-humidity index (THI)=77-83). Cows (n=459) at the beginning of the lactation period were randomly ...
Parellada C B CB Center for Pregnant Women with Diabetes, Copenhagen, Denmark; Departments of Endocrinology, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To evaluate fetal growth in relation to gestational weight gain in women with Type 2 diabetes. A retrospective cohort study of 142 consecutive pregnancies in 28 women of normal weight, 39 overweight women and 75 obese women with Type 2 diabetes (pre-pregnancy BMI <25, 25-29.9, ≥30 kg/m(2) , respectively). Gestational ...
Colazo Marcos G MG Livestock Research Branch, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, Edmonton, Alberta T6H 5T6 (Colazo); Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 - - 2014
This is a review of the physiology and endocrinology of the estrous cycle and how ovarian physiology can be manipulated and controlled for timed artificial insemination (TAI) in beef and dairy cattle. Estrus detection is required for artificial insemination (AI), but it is done poorly in dairy cattle and it ...
Horan Mary K - - 2014
The in utero environment is known to affect fetal development however many of the mechanisms by which this occurs remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal dietary macronutrient intake and lifestyle throughout pregnancy and neonatal weight and adiposity. This was an analysis of ...
Carvalho P D PD Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
Presynchronization strategies, such as Presynch-Ovsynch and Double-Ovsynch, increase fertility to timed artificial insemination (TAI) compared with Ovsynch alone; however, simpler presynchronization strategies could reduce costs and simplify reproductive management. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 601) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 presynchronization treatments before beginning an Ovsynch-56 protocol (GnRH ...
Palacios C C Departamento de Construcción y Agronomía, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Ambientales, Filiberto Villalobos, 37007, Salamanca, - - 2014
A total number of 48,088 artificial inseminations (AIs) have been controlled during seven consecutive years in 79 dairy sheep Spanish farms (41° N). Mean, maximum and minimum ambient temperatures (Ts), temperature amplitude (TA), mean relative humidity (RH), mean solar radiation (SR) and total rainfall of each insemination day and 15 days ...
González-Jiménez Emilio E Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, University of Granada, C/Santander No 1, 52071, Melilla, Spain, - - 2014
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adolescents is a growing problem. The objectives were to verify the association among early predictors such as birth weight, breastfeeding, maternal weight status, smoking during pregnancy, and the development of MetS. A cross-sectional study was performed of 976 children and adolescents, 10-15 years of age, at ...
Fotiou Maria M Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To study the evolution profile of amniotic fluid (AF) glucose, uric acid, phosphate, potassium, and sodium, in the second trimester of pregnancy, and explore the possible relations between the concentration of these components and maternal, as well as neonatal characteristics. Methods: AF of 52 pregnant women was analyzed ...
Valsamakis Georgios G Endocrine Unit, 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pathology Department, Aretaieion University Hospital, Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece; Warwickshire Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (WISDEM), University Hospital Coventry and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, - - 2014
In pregnancy physiological mechanisms activated by maternal appetite contribute to adequate energy intake for the mother and for the fetus. The role of maternal appetite-related peptides and their possible association with neonatal energy stores and glucose metabolism have not been investigated as yet. The aim was to investigate, during pregnancy, ...
Rydbeck Filip F Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
Adequate iodine status in early life is crucial for neurodevelopment. However, little is known about the effects of maternal iodine status during pregnancy on fetal growth. The present study investigated the potential impact of maternal iodine status during pregnancy on offspring birth size. This large prospective cohort study was nested ...
Aubuchon-Endsley Nicki L NL Department of Psychology, Idaho State University, 921 S 8th Ave, Stop 8112, Pocatello ID 83209 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated main and interactive effects of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain on circadian cortisol from the second to third trimester. A diverse sample of 215 pregnant women was enrolled. Maternal height and most recent pre-pregnancy weight were collected at study initiation (22% obese). Weight and circadian salivary ...
Thomas J M JM Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO - - 2014
Two experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that pregnancy rates after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in beef heifers and cows may be improved by delaying insemination of females that have not expressed estrus prior to FTAI. In Exp. 1, estrus was synchronized for 931 heifers across three locations using ...
Webster Glenys M GM Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6; Child and Family Research Institute, BC Children's and Women's Hospital, 950 West 28th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 4H4. Electronic address: - - 2014
Associations between perfluoroalkyl acids (PFASs) and human thyroid hormone levels remain unclear, especially during early pregnancy when small changes in maternal thyroid hormones can affect fetal brain development. To examine associations between maternal serum PFAS levels and maternal thyroid hormone levels in the early 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Participants were ...
Filipović Natalija N Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, Zagreb 10000, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concentrations of carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx), osteocalcin (OCN), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) were measured in the blood serum of two age groups of mares during late pregnancy (70-50 days before foaling), during early lactation and at the peak of lactation (10-30 ...
Coban Soner S Department of Urology, Sevket Yilmaz Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, - - 2014
Abstract Mild hydronephrosis may be present in upto 90% of pregnancies. The degree of hydronephrosis was determined by maximal calyceal diameter (MCD). The aim of this study is investigate whether there is a relationship between grade of maternal hydronephrosis and birth weight of the babies. Subjects were examined in 3 ...
Csorba Roland R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, City Hospital of Aschaffenburg, Aschaffenburg, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: An association between maternal and fetal blood rheology has not yet been investigated nor is it known whether and to what extend fetal blood rheology may be affected by maternal conditions. Methods: At delivery, blood was drawn from the cubital vein of 4,985 consecutive mothers and from the ...
Blumenfeld Zeev Z Department of Ob/Gyn, Rambam Health Care Campus, The Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 31096, - - 2014
To report the etiology and the sonographic findings of fetal demise at 14-17 weeks' gestation. A prospective transvaginal sonographic search of fetal anomalies was performed in 61 early second-trimester cases of fetal demise. The findings were compared with the results of sonographic examinations of 22,500 viable fetuses between weeks 14 ...
Miyake Yoshihiro Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiologic evidence of the association between maternal intake of dairy foods, calcium, and vitamin D during pregnancy and childhood allergic disorders is inconclusive. To examine the association between maternal intake of dairy foods, calcium, and vitamin D during pregnancy and childhood allergic disorders in Japanese children aged 23 to 29 ...
Vieira-Neto A A Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Lages, SC 88520, - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the individual and combined effect of anovulation and cytological endometritis (CTE) on the reproductive performance of dairy cows. A total of 1,569 cows from 3 data sets were used. In data set 1, 403 Holstein cows from 5 dairies in New York were used. In ...
Ferrer M S MS Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify prognostic indicators of calf survival in SCNT-derived beef calves. Ultrasonographic parameters of fetal well-being and development, maternal clinical parameters, and neonatal parameters were evaluated as predictors of calf survival in cows carrying SCNT-derived beef fetuses (n = 38). Calf survival was 61.5% (88.2% female ...
Mason S J SJ Monash Veterinary Clinic, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this retrospective clinical study was to compare pregnancy rates obtained after the use of endoscopic-assisted transcervical catheterization (EIU) or laparotomy (SIU) for insemination of frozen-thawed dog semen. Healthy bitches from various breeds were inseminated with semen from multiple donors processed by different freezing centers. Data from 118 ...
de Vries A A 1Endocrinology Unit,University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science,Queen's Medical Research Institute,University of - - 2014
Rates of obesity are increasing in women of child bearing age with negative impacts on maternal and offspring health. Emerging evidence suggests in utero origins of respiratory health in offspring of obese mothers but mechanisms are unknown. Changes in maternal cortisol levels are one potential factor as cortisol levels are ...
Rodrigues A D P AD Departamento de Produção Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia-UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2014
Prepubertal Bos indicus heifers (n = 774) were submitted to an E2/P4-based timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol at three different intervals after induction of their pubertal ovulation by insertion of an intravaginal progesterone (P4) device for 12 days. Heifers were randomly assigned to start the TAI protocol at 10 (group 10; n = 253), 12 ...
Williams Christine B CB Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
Maternal obesity is inextricably linked to adverse health outcomes for the mother and her children. The peripartum period is a critical period of risk. In this chapter, we examine the importance of maternal prepregnancy weight status, gestational weight gain, breastfeeding, and postpartum weight loss in relation to subsequent risk for ...
Mazuz Monica L ML Division of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel; Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Kuvin Centre for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neosporosis caused by caused by the apicomplexan parasite Neospora caninum is one of the major causes of infectious abortion in bovines worldwide. A long-term prospective study was performed in a dairy herd endemic for N. caninum in order to analyze the impact of neosporosis on the proportion of aborting cows. ...
Pugliesi G G Departamento de Reprodução Animal, Facukdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Pirassununga, SP, - - 2014
This short communication reports the impact of endometrial biopsies, uterine flushings and follicular fluid aspiration procedures at day 6 post artificial insemination (AI) on pregnancy rates. In Experiment 1, cows were timed AI (TAI) and assigned to the following treatment groups: control (n = 37), uterine flushing (n = 35) and endometrial biopsy (n = 38). ...
van den Heuvel Marion I MI Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, MTA, Budapest, Hungary, Institute of Psychology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven KU Leuven, Belgium, and Flemish Government, Brussels, - - 2014
Maternal anxiety during pregnancy has been consistently shown to negatively affect offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, little is known about the impact of positive maternal traits/states during pregnancy on the offspring. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of the mother's mindfulness and anxiety during pregnancy on the infant's ...
Barco Israel I Breast Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital Universitari Mútua Terrassa, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain - - 2014
Blood-stained colostrum occurs occasionally during pregnancy and lactation due to a conspicuous increase in lobuloalveolar growth. We report on a case of bilateral frank blood-stained colostrum secreted during pregnancy and early postpartum, emphasizing the transitory nature of this condition and the need to reinforce breastfeeding.
Sinedino L D P LD Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the reproductive performance of dairy cows subjected to early (ER) or late (LR) resynchronization programs after nonpregnancy diagnoses based on either pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) ELISA or transrectal palpation, respectively. In addition, the accuracy of the PAG ELISA for early pregnancy diagnosis was ...
Keller-Wood Maureen M University of Florida - - 2014
In normal pregnancy cortisol increases, however further pathologic increases in cortisol are associated with maternal and fetal morbidities. These experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that increased maternal cortisol would increase maternal glucose concentrations, suppress fetal growth, and impair neonatal glucose homeostasis. Ewes were infused with cortisol (1 mg/kg/d) ...
Crosby David A DA University College Dublin Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Objective This longitudinal study compared changes in maternal weight and body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy in the time interval between when a woman first attended for antenatal care with her first child and when she next attended for antenatal care. Study Design We studied women with a singleton pregnancy who ...
Holzmann Malin - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To identify cardiotocography (CTG) patterns associated with increased risk of intrapartum fetal acidemia. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study of 1070 women with fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS) during labor was conducted at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Women with a nonreassuring CTG pattern underwent FBS, and lactate ...
Monteiro P L J PL Jr Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP 13418-900 - - 2014
The objectives of the current study were to evaluate the effects of supplemental progesterone after artificial insemination (AI) on expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) in blood leukocytes and fertility in lactating dairy cows. Weekly cohorts of Holstein cows were blocked by parity (575 primiparous and 923 multiparous) and method of ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital,Dublin,Republic of - - 2014
The present study is a secondary analysis of the ROLO study, a randomised control trial of a low-glycaemic index (GI) diet in pregnancy to prevent the recurrence of fetal macrosomia. The objectives of the present study were to identify which women are most likely to respond to a low-GI dietary ...
Cui Yingjun - - 2014
Female mammals call on hormonally driven metabolic adaptations to meet the energy demand of late pregnancy and lactation. These maternal adaptations preserve limiting nutrients and promote their transfer to the uterus during pregnancy or mammary gland during lactation. The novel metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) was recently shown to ...
Shahin M M Department of Animal Science, Georg-August-University Goettingen, Goettingen, - - 2014
Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are produced by mono- and binucleate trophoblast cells in the ruminant placenta. PAG appears in maternal blood and, from approximately 4 weeks after fertilization onward, may serve as a reliable means of diagnosing pregnancy. A range of factors are said to affect plasma PAG concentrations, such as number ...
Hatzopoulou Konstantina K Department of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, GR-57400 Thessaloniki, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background/Aim: Maternal diet is important in the outcome of pregnancy and the health of the children. The present cross-sectional study aimed to assess the use of dietary supplements during pregnancy and define the maternal characteristics associated with supplement use. Methods: The diet of 100 childbearing women was recorded for ...
Ozgu-Erdinc A Seval AS Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Care, Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Our purpose was to evaluate the predictive value of maternal serum and amniotic fluid biomarkers that were obtained at the time of genetic amniocentesis for preterm delivery and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). A prospective cohort analysis was conducted in 107 singleton pregnancies that underwent amniocentesis at 16-22 weeks according to ...
Abelius Martina S MS Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Clinical Research Centre, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Unit of Autoimmunity and Immune Regulation, Division of Inflammation Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
The influence of the intra-uterine environment on the immunity and allergy development in the offspring is unclear. We aimed to investigate (i) whether the pregnancy magnifies the Th2 immunity in allergic and non-allergic women, (ii) whether the maternal chemokine levels during pregnancy influenced the offspring's chemokine levels during childhood and ...
Girard Sylvie S Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Institute of Human Development, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Inflammation during pregnancy has devastating consequences for the placenta and fetus. These events are incompletely understood, thereby hampering screening and treatment. The inflammatory profile of villous tissue was studied in pregnancies at high-risk of placental dysfunction and compared to uncomplicated pregnancies. The systemic inflammatory profile was assessed in matched maternal ...
da Costa Antônio Nélson Lima AN Curso de Agronomia, Universidade Federal do Cariri (UFCA), Rua Vereador Sebastião Maciel Lopes, s/n, CEP 63133-610, Crato, CE, Brazil, - - 2014
This study compared two breed groups of Girolando (½ Holstein ½ Gyr vs. ¾ Holstein ¼ Gyr) through analysis of physiological, productive, and reproductive parameters to determine the group best suited to rearing in a semiarid tropical climate. The experiment was conducted at the Companhia de Alimentos do Nordeste (CIALNE) ...
Lagiou Pagona P Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
Birth size has been associated with adult life diseases, but the endocrine factors that are likely involved are not established. We evaluated the associations of maternal and cord blood hormones with birth size in normal pregnancies, and examined possible effect modification by maternal height, on the basis of prior suggestive ...
Petry Clive J CJ aDepartment of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge bNeonatal Unit, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust cMedical Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
The heritability of pregnancy-induced hypertension (encompassing both gestational hypertension and preeclampsia) is around 0.47, suggesting that there is a genetic component to its development. However, the maternal genetic risk variants discovered so far only account for a small proportion of the heritability. Other genetic variants that may affect maternal blood ...
Walsh S W SW Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have documented that ovarian antral follicle count (AFC) is positively correlated with number of healthy follicles and oocytes in ovaries (ovarian reserve), as well as ovarian function and fertility in cattle. However, environmental factors (e.g., nutrition, steroids) during pregnancy in cattle and sheep can reduce AFC in offspring. ...
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