Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1262
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Langlois B - - 2012
The files for ultrasound diagnosis of gestating mares belonging to the French equine herd recorded for 3 consecutive years were joined with the files for foal birth of these same mares, allowing the statistical analysis of factors of pregnancy loss. For 28 872 positive diagnoses of gestation, 2898 losses were ...
Liu Yan-Hui - - 2012
We describe the prenatal diagnosis and fetal phenotype of partial trisomy 12 (p12-pter) transmitted from a maternal reciprocal translocation 6;12. Genetic analysis was conducted on umbilical cord blood for a fetus accompanied with tricuspid regurgitation and orbital hypertelorism from a 27-year-old gravida 4, para 1 after sonography at gestation 35weeks. ...
Kemp B - - 2012
In Europe, housing conditions of sows are currently changing, related with a larger emphasis on pig welfare. As a result, sows are and will be less kept in crates, but more so in loose housing systems (farrowing, lactation) and group housing systems (pregnancy, lactation, weaning-to-oestrus interval). These changes in housing ...
Hansen Craig - - 2012
Background In many epidemiologic studies smoking and alcohol are often examined as an exposure variable when focusing on health conditions associated with these lifestyle factors. Furthermore, smoking and alcohol have almost become standard confounding variables in epidemiologic studies when examining other exposures. We highlight the challenges associated with cleaning and ...
Hauge Lars Johan LJ Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Mental Health Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
This study investigated changes in smoking behavior across pregnancies in a sample of 10,890 primiparous women participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) in order to identify risk factors that may inhibit smoking cessation and promote smoking during a woman's second pregnancy. Registry information regarding ...
Joubert Bonnie R BR Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, - - 2012
Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, due to in utero exposures may play a critical role in early programming for childhood and adult illness. Maternal smoking is a major risk factor for multiple adverse health outcomes in children, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated epigenome-wide methylation in cord ...
Haggarty Paul - - 2012
The aims of the present study were to determine compliance with current advice on vitamin D and to assess the influence of season, dietary intake, supplement use and deprivation on vitamin D status in pregnant mothers and newborns in the north of Scotland where sunlight exposure is low. Pregnant women ...
Langley Kate K MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring. It is assumed by many that this association is causal. Others suggest that observed associations are due to unmeasured genetic factors or other confounding factors. The authors compared risks of maternal smoking during pregnancy with those ...
Adams E Kathleen - - 2012
Maternal smoking causes adverse health outcomes for both mothers and infants and leads to excess healthcare costs at delivery and beyond. Even with substantial declines over the past decade, around 23% of women enter pregnancy as a smoker and though almost half quit during pregnancy, half or more quitters resume ...
Lertbunnaphong Tripop - - 2012
To identify the correlation between gestational weight gain in pregnant women with normal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and fetal weight gain. Uncomplicated normal pre-pregnancy BMI Thai singleton pregnant women with less than 16 weeks' gestation participated in this study between June 2008 and September 2009. Serial measurements of maternal ...
Darmency-Stamboul Véronique - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is a common cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy in children. The diagnosis of PAIS is based on cerebral imaging. The objective of our study was to determine prenatal risk factors associated with PAIS. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was nested in the ...
Ramadoss Jayanth - - 2012
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a significant field of scientific exploration primarily because of its negative effects on the developing fetus, which is specifically defined as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Though the effects on the mother are less explored compared with those on the fetus, alcohol produces multiple effects ...
Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To examine the effects of binge alcohol consumption during early pregnancy, including the number of binge episodes and the timing of binge drinking, on general intelligence in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1617 women and their children sampled from the Danish ...
Falgreen Eriksen H-L - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Falgreen Eriksen H, Mortensen E, Kilburn T, Underbjerg M, Bertrand J, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Grove J, Kesmodel U. The effects of low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure in early pregnancy on IQ in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03394.x. Objective  To examine the effects ...
Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To conduct a combined analysis of the estimated effects of maternal average weekly alcohol consumption, and any binge drinking, in early to mid pregnancy on general intelligence, attention, and executive function in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1628 women and their ...
Skogerbø Å Å Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2012
To examine the effects of low to moderate maternal alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on children's executive functions at the age of 5 years. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. Population A cohort of 1628 women and their children sampled from the Danish National ...
Tournaye Herman J - - 2012
For many years, the management of male-factor infertility has been empirical rather than evidence-based. In current clinical practice, assisted reproductive techniques are the most successful methods of alleviating male-factor infertility. To date, it remains unclear what adjuvant actions can be taken to improve the outcome of assisted reproductive techniques for ...
Ellis Lee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported significant positive correlations between smoking during pregnancy by mothers and the involvement of their offspring in criminal/delinquent behaviour later in life, but these findings have been described as modest and the criminality based on official conviction statistics. AIMS: We sought to verify this relationship and ...
Hepper Peter G - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to alcohol may exert a significant detrimental effect on the functioning of the individual's brain, however few studies have examined this before birth. This longitudinal study examined the effect of maternal alcohol consumption on the elicited startle response of the fetus. Two groups of fetuses were examined: one ...
Boylan S M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and (a) fetal growth restriction; and (b) maternal caffeine metabolism and fetal growth restriction. A cohort of 2,643 pregnant women, aged 18-45 years, attending two UK maternity units between 8 and 12 weeks gestation, was recruited. ...
Chelchowska Magdalena - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with a reduction in birth size but the mechanism by which this occurs still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), ...
Burd L - - 2012
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a common cause of intellectual impairment and birth defects. More recently, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been found to be a risk factor for fetal mortality, stillbirth and infant and child mortality. This has led to increased concern about detection and management of PAE. ...
McCrory Cathal - - 2012
This retrospective cross-sectional paper examines the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's behavioural problems at 9 years of age independent of a wide range of possible confounders. The final sample comprised 7,505 nine-year-old school children participating in the first wave of the Growing Up in Ireland study. The children ...
Galloway Mandy - - 2012
Smoking in pregnancy has many known risks both to the mother and her developing baby. Yet despite this knowledge, many women continue to smoke throughout pregnancy or relapse postnatally if they did manage to quit before the birth. This article highlights the importance of midwives working together with other professionals ...
Król Marzenna - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess cerebral mass, based on head circumference measurements in neonates exposed to tobacco smoke in utero, and to determine the relative proportions of the cerebral and body mass. The study included 147 neonates born in the period 2003-2004 at the Princess Anna Mazowiecka ...
Cressman Alex M - - 2012
Despite being highly motivated to quit, many of my patients struggle with smoking cessation during pregnancy. Can you comment on the current treatment options and discuss their safety and efficacy during pregnancy? Given the considerable and well-documented adverse effects of antenatal smoking on mother and fetus, pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation ...
Suresh Sadasivam - - 2012
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Poor fetal growth rate, as indicated by lower birth weight, has been shown to be associated with lower respiratory function in childhood; however findings in adult life remain inconsistent. A birth cohort provides the opportunity to study the association between birthweight and adult respiratory function. METHODS:The present study data ...
Han Jung-Yeol - - 2012
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to assess the pregnancy outcomes of women who reported social intake of low or very low alcohol levels during pregnancy. Methods: Obstetric and foetal outcomes were assessed in a prospective cohort of 1,667 pregnant women who reported low or very low alcohol consumption during pregnancy ...
Kalkbrenner Amy E AE Zilber School of Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0413, USA. - - 2012
Reported associations between gestational tobacco exposure and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been inconsistent. We estimated the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and ASDs among children 8 years of age. This population-based case-cohort study included 633,989 children, identified using publicly available birth certificate data, born in 1992, 1994, 1996, ...
Prins Jelmer R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: During pregnancy the maternal immune system has to adapt its response to accommodate the fetus. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of smoking on the maternal immune system. STUDY DESIGN: First-trimester decidual tissue and peripheral blood of smoking and nonsmoking women were analyzed by real ...
Ortigosa S - - 2012
The aim of the study was to find morphological changes in the feto-placental unit due to prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse. A blind histomorphometric study was performed using 225 placentas. Based on meconium testing, the fetuses were classified as exposed or unexposed to opiates, cocaine, cannabis or alcohol. To ...
Khattar Divya D Department of Pediatrics, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
To determine whether residential environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates and establish a dose response relationship. Case control study. Tertiary care hospital. Mothers giving birth to LBW neonate (<2.5 kg) were cases and those whose neonates weighed =2.5 kg at birth ...
Comasco Erika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of low levels of maternal alcohol intake on the neuropsychological development of the child. This study is part of an ongoing investigation on maternal drinking and presents data on demographic variables, maternal alcohol use, and birth outcomes from that study. METHODS: The sample ...
Messer Lynne C LC Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke Global Health Institute, 2812 Erwin Rd, Suite 403, Durham NC 27705, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to assess the consistency of associations between neighborhood characteristics and pregnancy-related behaviors and outcomes across four nested neighborhood boundaries using race-stratified fixed-slope random-intercept multilevel logistic models. High incivilities was associated with increased smoking, inadequate weight gain and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), while walkability was associated ...
- - 2012
Bupropion, an amphetamine, is authorised as an aid to smoking cessation, despite its negative harm-benefit balance. In 2004, data from a registry of pregnancies exposed to bupropion drew attention to an increased risk of congenital heart defects. In 2010, a case-control study including more than 10 000 children showed a ...
Högberg Lovisa L Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2012
Previous studies suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with elevated offspring blood pressure during childhood. We aimed to investigate whether this association remained in late adolescence and, if so, whether it could be attributed to an intrauterine effect or to familial confounding. We used a national cohort of ...
Ahmed-Landeryou Musharrat Jabeen - - 2012
Currently in the UK, there is no absolute guidance about alcohol consumption in pregnancy. The guidance for drinking during pregnancy is one or two units of alcohol one or two times weekly, but conservative advice is to abstain as a cautionary measure [1]. Despite the lack of consensus about the ...
Corbacioglu Aytul - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by TRAP sequence. METHODS: The perinatal outcomes of 15 TRAP sequence pregnancies referred to Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Research and Teaching Hospital, Turkey, were evaluated. Six cases were treated conservatively. Alcohol ablation and bipolar coagulation were performed in 5 and 4 cases, respectively. ...
Wojtyła Andrzej - - 2012
Epidemiological studies in Poland show that tobacco smoking by adolescents at reproductive age is still frequently observed. This concerns both boys and girls. The study was based on all-Polish population studies of health behaviours of adolescents aged 14-24 (Youth Behavioural Polish Survey - YBPS) conducted in 2011, and the Pregnancy-related ...
Chiodo Lisa M - - 2012
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that heavy drinking during pregnancy was associated with significantly increased rates of SAb, but results for lower levels of drinking have been inconsistent. We examined the association between different levels and patterns of prenatal ...
Ercan Cihangir Mutlu - - 2012
Large placental chorioangiomas (LPCs) are rare complications of pregnancy and these tumors are associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. We presented a LPC case at 25th week of gestation, complicated by polyhydramnios and preterm labor in which intratumoral alcohol injection was performed succesfully. Cordocentesis, fetal intrauterine transfusion, and amnioreduction ...
Howe Laura D LD MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced offspring birth length and has been postulated as a risk factor for obesity. Causality for obesity is not established. Causality is well-supported for birth length, but evidence on persistence of height deficits is inconsistent. We examined the association between maternal smoking during ...
Coleman Tim - - 2012
Nicotine-replacement therapy is effective for smoking cessation outside pregnancy and its use is widely recommended during pregnancy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of nicotine patches during pregnancy. We recruited participants from seven hospitals in England who were 16 to 50 years of age with pregnancies of 12 to 24 ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2012
To investigate whether fetal lung signals and fetal lung signal progression over gestation observed on magnetic resonance imaging are different in mothers who reported smoking during pregnancy compared with nonsmoking controls. Cross-sectional retrospective study of 100 consecutive singleton pregnancies that underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Fetal lung-liver signal intensity ratios of ...
Votavova Hana - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in pregnant women may have detrimental effects such as spontaneous abortion, lower birth weight, stillbirth, and reduced infant lung function. To extend our knowledge on the molecular effects of tobacco smoke exposure in pregnancy, we analyzed transcriptome alterations in passive smokers (PS) and compared ...
Milidou Ioanna - - 2012
To investigate the associations between use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic in the offspring. We used data from maternal interviews (from pregnancy and at 6 months post partum) from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). We included 63 128 live-born singletons with complete information ...
Powers Jennifer R - - 2012
Concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy is a major public health concern. Changes in these behaviours are under-researched, although essential if effective interventions are to be implemented. Hence this paper investigated characteristics of women who decreased concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy. 1,591 women were identified as pregnant at one ...
Sunyer Jordi - - 2012
Tobacco consumption and exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are associated with reduced birth weight. One issue that has not been clarified previously is that of the potential higher risk of this outcome in mothers with asthma. We assessed the role of prenatal maternal tobacco use and SHS on reproductive outcomes ...
Miles Jeremy N V - - 2012
A previous paper used latent class analysis to assign individuals to 1 of 4 adolescent/young adult smoking trajectory classes and then established an association between maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy and these classes. In this paper, we examine one possible pathway for this relationship: that maternal smoking during ...
Lorencatto Fabiana F National Health Service Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training, University College London, 441a, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK. - - 2012
Behavioral support aids smoking cessation in pregnancy. However, it remains unclear which component behavior change techniques (BCTs) contribute to effectiveness or the extent to which these are applied in practice. This study aimed to examine (a) which BCTs were included in effective behavioral support interventions for pregnant smokers (b) the ...
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