Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1248
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Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To conduct a combined analysis of the estimated effects of maternal average weekly alcohol consumption, and any binge drinking, in early to mid pregnancy on general intelligence, attention, and executive function in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1628 women and their ...
Skogerbø Å Å Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2012
To examine the effects of low to moderate maternal alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on children's executive functions at the age of 5 years. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. Population A cohort of 1628 women and their children sampled from the Danish National ...
Tournaye Herman J - - 2012
For many years, the management of male-factor infertility has been empirical rather than evidence-based. In current clinical practice, assisted reproductive techniques are the most successful methods of alleviating male-factor infertility. To date, it remains unclear what adjuvant actions can be taken to improve the outcome of assisted reproductive techniques for ...
Aubin Henri-Jean - - 2012
Johnson and Shoeni examined the relation between low birth weight (LBW) and childhood family socioeconomic disadvantage and disease onset in adulthood.(1) They report that LBW independently predicted asthma, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases by age 50 years. Disease prevalence was influenced also by childhood socioeconomic (SES) status. They conclude that ...
Ellis Lee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported significant positive correlations between smoking during pregnancy by mothers and the involvement of their offspring in criminal/delinquent behaviour later in life, but these findings have been described as modest and the criminality based on official conviction statistics. AIMS: We sought to verify this relationship and ...
Hepper Peter G - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to alcohol may exert a significant detrimental effect on the functioning of the individual's brain, however few studies have examined this before birth. This longitudinal study examined the effect of maternal alcohol consumption on the elicited startle response of the fetus. Two groups of fetuses were examined: one ...
Boylan S M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and (a) fetal growth restriction; and (b) maternal caffeine metabolism and fetal growth restriction. A cohort of 2,643 pregnant women, aged 18-45 years, attending two UK maternity units between 8 and 12 weeks gestation, was recruited. ...
Chelchowska Magdalena - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with a reduction in birth size but the mechanism by which this occurs still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), ...
Burd L - - 2012
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a common cause of intellectual impairment and birth defects. More recently, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been found to be a risk factor for fetal mortality, stillbirth and infant and child mortality. This has led to increased concern about detection and management of PAE. ...
McCrory Cathal - - 2012
This retrospective cross-sectional paper examines the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's behavioural problems at 9 years of age independent of a wide range of possible confounders. The final sample comprised 7,505 nine-year-old school children participating in the first wave of the Growing Up in Ireland study. The children ...
Galloway Mandy - - 2012
Smoking in pregnancy has many known risks both to the mother and her developing baby. Yet despite this knowledge, many women continue to smoke throughout pregnancy or relapse postnatally if they did manage to quit before the birth. This article highlights the importance of midwives working together with other professionals ...
Król Marzenna - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess cerebral mass, based on head circumference measurements in neonates exposed to tobacco smoke in utero, and to determine the relative proportions of the cerebral and body mass. The study included 147 neonates born in the period 2003-2004 at the Princess Anna Mazowiecka ...
Cressman Alex M - - 2012
Despite being highly motivated to quit, many of my patients struggle with smoking cessation during pregnancy. Can you comment on the current treatment options and discuss their safety and efficacy during pregnancy? Given the considerable and well-documented adverse effects of antenatal smoking on mother and fetus, pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation ...
Suresh Sadasivam - - 2012
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Poor fetal growth rate, as indicated by lower birth weight, has been shown to be associated with lower respiratory function in childhood; however findings in adult life remain inconsistent. A birth cohort provides the opportunity to study the association between birthweight and adult respiratory function. METHODS:The present study data ...
Han Jung-Yeol - - 2012
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to assess the pregnancy outcomes of women who reported social intake of low or very low alcohol levels during pregnancy. Methods: Obstetric and foetal outcomes were assessed in a prospective cohort of 1,667 pregnant women who reported low or very low alcohol consumption during pregnancy ...
Kalkbrenner Amy E AE Zilber School of Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0413, USA. - - 2012
Reported associations between gestational tobacco exposure and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been inconsistent. We estimated the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and ASDs among children 8 years of age. This population-based case-cohort study included 633,989 children, identified using publicly available birth certificate data, born in 1992, 1994, 1996, ...
Prins Jelmer R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: During pregnancy the maternal immune system has to adapt its response to accommodate the fetus. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of smoking on the maternal immune system. STUDY DESIGN: First-trimester decidual tissue and peripheral blood of smoking and nonsmoking women were analyzed by real ...
Ortigosa S - - 2012
The aim of the study was to find morphological changes in the feto-placental unit due to prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse. A blind histomorphometric study was performed using 225 placentas. Based on meconium testing, the fetuses were classified as exposed or unexposed to opiates, cocaine, cannabis or alcohol. To ...
Khattar Divya D Department of Pediatrics, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
To determine whether residential environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates and establish a dose response relationship. Case control study. Tertiary care hospital. Mothers giving birth to LBW neonate (<2.5 kg) were cases and those whose neonates weighed =2.5 kg at birth ...
Comasco Erika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of low levels of maternal alcohol intake on the neuropsychological development of the child. This study is part of an ongoing investigation on maternal drinking and presents data on demographic variables, maternal alcohol use, and birth outcomes from that study. METHODS: The sample ...
Messer Lynne C LC Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke Global Health Institute, 2812 Erwin Rd, Suite 403, Durham NC 27705, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to assess the consistency of associations between neighborhood characteristics and pregnancy-related behaviors and outcomes across four nested neighborhood boundaries using race-stratified fixed-slope random-intercept multilevel logistic models. High incivilities was associated with increased smoking, inadequate weight gain and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), while walkability was associated ...
- - 2012
Bupropion, an amphetamine, is authorised as an aid to smoking cessation, despite its negative harm-benefit balance. In 2004, data from a registry of pregnancies exposed to bupropion drew attention to an increased risk of congenital heart defects. In 2010, a case-control study including more than 10 000 children showed a ...
Högberg Lovisa - - 2012
Previous studies suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with elevated offspring blood pressure during childhood. We aimed to investigate whether this association remained in late adolescence and, if so, whether it could be attributed to an intrauterine effect or to familial confounding. We used a national cohort of ...
Ahmed-Landeryou Musharrat Jabeen - - 2012
Currently in the UK, there is no absolute guidance about alcohol consumption in pregnancy. The guidance for drinking during pregnancy is one or two units of alcohol one or two times weekly, but conservative advice is to abstain as a cautionary measure [1]. Despite the lack of consensus about the ...
Corbacioglu Aytul - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by TRAP sequence. METHODS: The perinatal outcomes of 15 TRAP sequence pregnancies referred to Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Research and Teaching Hospital, Turkey, were evaluated. Six cases were treated conservatively. Alcohol ablation and bipolar coagulation were performed in 5 and 4 cases, respectively. ...
Wojtyła Andrzej - - 2012
Epidemiological studies in Poland show that tobacco smoking by adolescents at reproductive age is still frequently observed. This concerns both boys and girls. The study was based on all-Polish population studies of health behaviours of adolescents aged 14-24 (Youth Behavioural Polish Survey - YBPS) conducted in 2011, and the Pregnancy-related ...
Chiodo Lisa M - - 2012
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that heavy drinking during pregnancy was associated with significantly increased rates of SAb, but results for lower levels of drinking have been inconsistent. We examined the association between different levels and patterns of prenatal ...
Ercan Cihangir Mutlu - - 2012
Large placental chorioangiomas (LPCs) are rare complications of pregnancy and these tumors are associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. We presented a LPC case at 25th week of gestation, complicated by polyhydramnios and preterm labor in which intratumoral alcohol injection was performed succesfully. Cordocentesis, fetal intrauterine transfusion, and amnioreduction ...
Howe Laura D LD MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced offspring birth length and has been postulated as a risk factor for obesity. Causality for obesity is not established. Causality is well-supported for birth length, but evidence on persistence of height deficits is inconsistent. We examined the association between maternal smoking during ...
Coleman Tim - - 2012
Nicotine-replacement therapy is effective for smoking cessation outside pregnancy and its use is widely recommended during pregnancy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of nicotine patches during pregnancy. We recruited participants from seven hospitals in England who were 16 to 50 years of age with pregnancies of 12 to 24 ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2012
To investigate whether fetal lung signals and fetal lung signal progression over gestation observed on magnetic resonance imaging are different in mothers who reported smoking during pregnancy compared with nonsmoking controls. Cross-sectional retrospective study of 100 consecutive singleton pregnancies that underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Fetal lung-liver signal intensity ratios of ...
Votavova Hana - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in pregnant women may have detrimental effects such as spontaneous abortion, lower birth weight, stillbirth, and reduced infant lung function. To extend our knowledge on the molecular effects of tobacco smoke exposure in pregnancy, we analyzed transcriptome alterations in passive smokers (PS) and compared ...
Milidou Ioanna - - 2012
To investigate the associations between use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic in the offspring. We used data from maternal interviews (from pregnancy and at 6 months post partum) from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). We included 63 128 live-born singletons with complete information ...
Powers Jennifer R - - 2012
Concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy is a major public health concern. Changes in these behaviours are under-researched, although essential if effective interventions are to be implemented. Hence this paper investigated characteristics of women who decreased concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy. 1,591 women were identified as pregnant at one ...
Sunyer Jordi - - 2012
Tobacco consumption and exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are associated with reduced birth weight. One issue that has not been clarified previously is that of the potential higher risk of this outcome in mothers with asthma. We assessed the role of prenatal maternal tobacco use and SHS on reproductive outcomes ...
Miles Jeremy N V - - 2012
A previous paper used latent class analysis to assign individuals to 1 of 4 adolescent/young adult smoking trajectory classes and then established an association between maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy and these classes. In this paper, we examine one possible pathway for this relationship: that maternal smoking during ...
Lorencatto Fabiana F National Health Service Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training, University College London, 441a, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK. - - 2012
Behavioral support aids smoking cessation in pregnancy. However, it remains unclear which component behavior change techniques (BCTs) contribute to effectiveness or the extent to which these are applied in practice. This study aimed to examine (a) which BCTs were included in effective behavioral support interventions for pregnant smokers (b) the ...
- - 2012
A good doctor-patient relationship allows the issue of alcohol consumption to be raised. Simple questionnaires can also help.
Simpson Lynn L - - 2012
Heart disease complicates more than 1% of pregnancies and is now the leading cause of indirect maternal deaths. The spectrum and severity of heart disease observed in reproductive-aged women is changing. Today, congenital heart disease accounts for more than half of cardiac disease in pregnancy, and ischemic heart disease is ...
Barański W - - 2012
The information about the occurrence of embryonic and fetal losses in dairy herds in Poland is limited. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the pregnancy loss between days 30 and 45 (late embryonic mortality) and between days 45 and 260 after artificial insemination (AI) (foetal loss). The ...
Ejezie F E - - 2012
Deficiencies in micronutrients are common in our environment, leading to indiscriminate replacement strategies. Selenium is an antioxidant micronutrient that may undergo depletion during pregnancy and lactation. Regrettably, information in this matter is scanty in Nigeria. To determine maternal selenium concentration during pregnancy and lactation. This was a cross-sectional research involving ...
Costa Bárbara Miranda Ferreira - - 2012
Excessive gestational weight gain is related to many complications (both maternal and fetal), such as macrosomia. The most common complications in macrosomic fetuses include: increased risk of intrauterine death, need for intensive care, fractures, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, paralysis of the brachial plexus and obesity in childhood and adulthood. The aim of ...
Mutch Raewyn - - 2012
AimsTo assess the effectiveness of alcohol documentation, examining medical correspondence and medical files of patients referred to the State Child Development Service (SCDS) and (ii) To measure the knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice of health practitioners working at the child development service (CDS) in relation to asking about alcohol use ...
Brantsæter Anne Lise - - 2012
It is increasingly acknowledged that the maternal diet influences fetal development and health of the child. Milk and milk products contribute essential nutrients and bioactive substances; they are of ample supply and have a long tradition in Nordic countries. To revise and update dietary guidelines for pregnant women valid in ...
Jamal A - - 2012
This case report presents a coincidence of trisomy 18 and balanced Robertsonian translocation (13;14). Aneuploidy was suspected based on anomalies detected in ultrasound scan and confirmed with karyotype. In a 31 years-old healthy woman with a history of one miscarriage, second trimester ultrasound scan reported IUGR (<3rd percentile) with normal ...
Sazak Soner - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on levels of umbilical cord erythropoietin. Erythropoietin levels were measured in umbilical cord sera of 60 newborns who were delivered vaginally at term. There were 20 (33%) smoking and 40 (67%) nonsmoking mothers. Mean cord serum erythropoietin levels were significantly lower ...
Leermakers Elisabeth T M - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth retardation. We examined whether a common genetic variant at chromosome 15q25 (rs1051730), which is known to be involved in nicotine metabolism, modifies the associations of maternal smoking with fetal growth characteristics. This study was performed in 3,563 European mothers participating in ...
Mackay Daniel F - - 2012
Both active smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure are associated with pregnancy complications. In March 2006, Scotland implemented legislation prohibiting smoking in all wholly or partially enclosed public spaces. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of this legislation on preterm delivery and small for gestational age. ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2012
Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during pregnancy or lactation, or both, on maternal and infant ...
González-Recio Oscar - - 2012
Epigenetic regulation in mammals begins in the first stages of embryogenesis. This prenatal programming determines, in part, phenotype expression in adult life. Some species, particularly dairy cattle, are conceived during the maternal lactation, which is a period of large energy and nutrient needs. Under these circumstances, embryo and fetal development ...
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