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Results 401 - 450 of 1274
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Raje L L 1 Smt PN Doshi Women's College, Jagdhir Boda Vidya Sankul, Cama Lane Ghatkopar, (West)Mumbai, - - 2012
Maternal weight gain and pattern of weight gain during pregnancy influence the ultimate outcome of pregnancy. Pregravid body mass index (BMI), maternal dietary intake, maternal height and age all determine the weight gain during pregnancy. The study was taken up with an objective to observe maternal weight gain and its ...
Dzal Yvonne A - - 2012
In mammals, reproduction, especially for females is energetically demanding. Therefore, during the reproductive period females could potentially adjust patterns of thermoregulation and foraging in concert to minimise the energetic constraints associated with pregnancy and lactation. We assessed the influence of pregnancy, lactation, and post-lactation on torpor use and foraging behaviour ...
Di Francesco S - - 2012
The aim was to ascertain whether relationships between corpus luteum (CL) vascularization, CL function, and pregnancy outcome in AI in buffaloes were consistent across the breeding season and transition period to the nonbreeding season in a Mediterranean environment. Stage of the estrous cycle in Italian Mediterranean buffaloes was synchronized using ...
Gumen A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of presynchronization with or without the detection of estrus on first service pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) and on Ovsynch outcome in lactating dairy cows. A total of 511 cows were divided randomly but unevenly into 3 treatment groups at ...
Orzechowski Kelly M - - 2012
This article reviews the diagnosis and management of the most common respiratory conditions complicating pregnancy-asthma and influenza. We also review strategies for smoking cessation in pregnancy as, in addition to exacerbating all other pulmonary conditions, smoking is the most modifiable risk factor for poor pregnancy outcome. Moreover, the obstetrician frequently ...
Akter S M - - 2012
Maternal malnutrition and poor gestational weight gain are the most important causes of low birth weight and high rates of newborn mortality. To assess the effects of nutrition counseling in the third trimester of pregnancy on maternal weight gain, birth weight of newborn, and breastfeeding practices. This was a longitudinal ...
De Leon-Luis Juan - - 2012
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived plasma protein with insulin-sensitizing and antiatherosclerotic properties. The objectives of the present study were to determine the amniotic fluid (AF) concentration of adiponectin during the second trimester of pregnancy and to demonstrate its association with maternal and fetal variables and AF concentrations of insulin, leptin, and ...
Revello Rocio - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of maternal complications in triple pregnancies. An additional objective was to study the relation between assisted reproductive techniques and maternal complications. Material and Methods: retrospective study on 147 triplets assisted at the Gynecology and Obstetrics department of La Paz University Hospital between ...
Stevenson J S - - 2012
The objective was to determine the effect of 2 presynchronization treatments on first-service pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in 4 dairy herds during warm and cool seasons of the year. Cows with ear tags ending with even digits at calving were enrolled in Presynch-10 (Presynch-10): two 25-mg injections of PGF(2α) ...
Stamnes Køpp U M - - 2012
Objective:To estimate the associations between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) or gestational weight change (GWC) during pregnancy and offspring BMI at 3 years of age, while taking several pre-and postnatal factors into account.Design:The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study is a population-based pregnancy cohort study of women recruited from ...
Djuricic D - - 2012
The aim of research was to determine influence of intrauterine application of two different ozone preparations on reproductive performance in Simmental cows with retained fetal membranes (RFM). The study was performed on 143 Simmental cows aged 2-8 years and divided in three groups. Group A (n=46) consisted of cows treated ...
Foda Ashraf A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to measure the copeptin levels in maternal serum and umbilical cord serum at cesarean section and vaginal delivery in normotensive pregnancy and pre-eclamptic women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study at Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Ninety cases were included. They were divided ...
Langlois B - - 2012
The files for ultrasound diagnosis of gestating mares belonging to the French equine herd recorded for 3 consecutive years were joined with the files for foal birth of these same mares, allowing the statistical analysis of factors of pregnancy loss. For 28 872 positive diagnoses of gestation, 2898 losses were ...
Liu Yan-Hui - - 2012
We describe the prenatal diagnosis and fetal phenotype of partial trisomy 12 (p12-pter) transmitted from a maternal reciprocal translocation 6;12. Genetic analysis was conducted on umbilical cord blood for a fetus accompanied with tricuspid regurgitation and orbital hypertelorism from a 27-year-old gravida 4, para 1 after sonography at gestation 35weeks. ...
Hansen Craig - - 2012
Background In many epidemiologic studies smoking and alcohol are often examined as an exposure variable when focusing on health conditions associated with these lifestyle factors. Furthermore, smoking and alcohol have almost become standard confounding variables in epidemiologic studies when examining other exposures. We highlight the challenges associated with cleaning and ...
Hauge Lars Johan LJ Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Mental Health Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
This study investigated changes in smoking behavior across pregnancies in a sample of 10,890 primiparous women participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) in order to identify risk factors that may inhibit smoking cessation and promote smoking during a woman's second pregnancy. Registry information regarding ...
Kemp B - - 2012
In Europe, housing conditions of sows are currently changing, related with a larger emphasis on pig welfare. As a result, sows are and will be less kept in crates, but more so in loose housing systems (farrowing, lactation) and group housing systems (pregnancy, lactation, weaning-to-oestrus interval). These changes in housing ...
Joubert Bonnie R BR Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, - - 2012
Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, due to in utero exposures may play a critical role in early programming for childhood and adult illness. Maternal smoking is a major risk factor for multiple adverse health outcomes in children, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated epigenome-wide methylation in cord ...
Haggarty Paul - - 2012
The aims of the present study were to determine compliance with current advice on vitamin D and to assess the influence of season, dietary intake, supplement use and deprivation on vitamin D status in pregnant mothers and newborns in the north of Scotland where sunlight exposure is low. Pregnant women ...
Langley Kate K MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring. It is assumed by many that this association is causal. Others suggest that observed associations are due to unmeasured genetic factors or other confounding factors. The authors compared risks of maternal smoking during pregnancy with those ...
Adams E Kathleen - - 2012
Maternal smoking causes adverse health outcomes for both mothers and infants and leads to excess healthcare costs at delivery and beyond. Even with substantial declines over the past decade, around 23% of women enter pregnancy as a smoker and though almost half quit during pregnancy, half or more quitters resume ...
Lertbunnaphong Tripop - - 2012
To identify the correlation between gestational weight gain in pregnant women with normal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and fetal weight gain. Uncomplicated normal pre-pregnancy BMI Thai singleton pregnant women with less than 16 weeks' gestation participated in this study between June 2008 and September 2009. Serial measurements of maternal ...
Darmency-Stamboul Véronique - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is a common cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy in children. The diagnosis of PAIS is based on cerebral imaging. The objective of our study was to determine prenatal risk factors associated with PAIS. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was nested in the ...
Ramadoss Jayanth - - 2012
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a significant field of scientific exploration primarily because of its negative effects on the developing fetus, which is specifically defined as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Though the effects on the mother are less explored compared with those on the fetus, alcohol produces multiple effects ...
Falgreen Eriksen H-L - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Falgreen Eriksen H, Mortensen E, Kilburn T, Underbjerg M, Bertrand J, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Grove J, Kesmodel U. The effects of low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure in early pregnancy on IQ in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03394.x. Objective  To examine the effects ...
Skogerbø Å Å Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2012
To examine the effects of low to moderate maternal alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on children's executive functions at the age of 5 years. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. Population A cohort of 1628 women and their children sampled from the Danish National ...
Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To examine the effects of binge alcohol consumption during early pregnancy, including the number of binge episodes and the timing of binge drinking, on general intelligence in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1617 women and their children sampled from the Danish ...
Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To conduct a combined analysis of the estimated effects of maternal average weekly alcohol consumption, and any binge drinking, in early to mid pregnancy on general intelligence, attention, and executive function in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1628 women and their ...
Tournaye Herman J - - 2012
For many years, the management of male-factor infertility has been empirical rather than evidence-based. In current clinical practice, assisted reproductive techniques are the most successful methods of alleviating male-factor infertility. To date, it remains unclear what adjuvant actions can be taken to improve the outcome of assisted reproductive techniques for ...
Ellis Lee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported significant positive correlations between smoking during pregnancy by mothers and the involvement of their offspring in criminal/delinquent behaviour later in life, but these findings have been described as modest and the criminality based on official conviction statistics. AIMS: We sought to verify this relationship and ...
Hepper Peter G - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to alcohol may exert a significant detrimental effect on the functioning of the individual's brain, however few studies have examined this before birth. This longitudinal study examined the effect of maternal alcohol consumption on the elicited startle response of the fetus. Two groups of fetuses were examined: one ...
Boylan S M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and (a) fetal growth restriction; and (b) maternal caffeine metabolism and fetal growth restriction. A cohort of 2,643 pregnant women, aged 18-45 years, attending two UK maternity units between 8 and 12 weeks gestation, was recruited. ...
Chelchowska Magdalena - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with a reduction in birth size but the mechanism by which this occurs still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), ...
Burd L - - 2012
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a common cause of intellectual impairment and birth defects. More recently, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been found to be a risk factor for fetal mortality, stillbirth and infant and child mortality. This has led to increased concern about detection and management of PAE. ...
McCrory Cathal - - 2012
This retrospective cross-sectional paper examines the relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's behavioural problems at 9 years of age independent of a wide range of possible confounders. The final sample comprised 7,505 nine-year-old school children participating in the first wave of the Growing Up in Ireland study. The children ...
Galloway Mandy - - 2012
Smoking in pregnancy has many known risks both to the mother and her developing baby. Yet despite this knowledge, many women continue to smoke throughout pregnancy or relapse postnatally if they did manage to quit before the birth. This article highlights the importance of midwives working together with other professionals ...
Król Marzenna - - 2012
The objective of the study was to assess cerebral mass, based on head circumference measurements in neonates exposed to tobacco smoke in utero, and to determine the relative proportions of the cerebral and body mass. The study included 147 neonates born in the period 2003-2004 at the Princess Anna Mazowiecka ...
Cressman Alex M - - 2012
Despite being highly motivated to quit, many of my patients struggle with smoking cessation during pregnancy. Can you comment on the current treatment options and discuss their safety and efficacy during pregnancy? Given the considerable and well-documented adverse effects of antenatal smoking on mother and fetus, pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation ...
Suresh Sadasivam - - 2012
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Poor fetal growth rate, as indicated by lower birth weight, has been shown to be associated with lower respiratory function in childhood; however findings in adult life remain inconsistent. A birth cohort provides the opportunity to study the association between birthweight and adult respiratory function. METHODS:The present study data ...
Han Jung-Yeol - - 2012
Abstract Objective: This study aimed to assess the pregnancy outcomes of women who reported social intake of low or very low alcohol levels during pregnancy. Methods: Obstetric and foetal outcomes were assessed in a prospective cohort of 1,667 pregnant women who reported low or very low alcohol consumption during pregnancy ...
Kalkbrenner Amy E AE Zilber School of Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-0413, USA. - - 2012
Reported associations between gestational tobacco exposure and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been inconsistent. We estimated the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and ASDs among children 8 years of age. This population-based case-cohort study included 633,989 children, identified using publicly available birth certificate data, born in 1992, 1994, 1996, ...
Prins Jelmer R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: During pregnancy the maternal immune system has to adapt its response to accommodate the fetus. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of smoking on the maternal immune system. STUDY DESIGN: First-trimester decidual tissue and peripheral blood of smoking and nonsmoking women were analyzed by real ...
Ortigosa S - - 2012
The aim of the study was to find morphological changes in the feto-placental unit due to prenatal exposure to drugs of abuse. A blind histomorphometric study was performed using 225 placentas. Based on meconium testing, the fetuses were classified as exposed or unexposed to opiates, cocaine, cannabis or alcohol. To ...
Khattar Divya D Department of Pediatrics, King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
To determine whether residential environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates and establish a dose response relationship. Case control study. Tertiary care hospital. Mothers giving birth to LBW neonate (<2.5 kg) were cases and those whose neonates weighed =2.5 kg at birth ...
Comasco Erika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of low levels of maternal alcohol intake on the neuropsychological development of the child. This study is part of an ongoing investigation on maternal drinking and presents data on demographic variables, maternal alcohol use, and birth outcomes from that study. METHODS: The sample ...
Messer Lynne C LC Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke Global Health Institute, 2812 Erwin Rd, Suite 403, Durham NC 27705, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to assess the consistency of associations between neighborhood characteristics and pregnancy-related behaviors and outcomes across four nested neighborhood boundaries using race-stratified fixed-slope random-intercept multilevel logistic models. High incivilities was associated with increased smoking, inadequate weight gain and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), while walkability was associated ...
Högberg Lovisa L Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2012
Previous studies suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with elevated offspring blood pressure during childhood. We aimed to investigate whether this association remained in late adolescence and, if so, whether it could be attributed to an intrauterine effect or to familial confounding. We used a national cohort of ...
- - 2012
Bupropion, an amphetamine, is authorised as an aid to smoking cessation, despite its negative harm-benefit balance. In 2004, data from a registry of pregnancies exposed to bupropion drew attention to an increased risk of congenital heart defects. In 2010, a case-control study including more than 10 000 children showed a ...
Wojtyła Andrzej - - 2012
Epidemiological studies in Poland show that tobacco smoking by adolescents at reproductive age is still frequently observed. This concerns both boys and girls. The study was based on all-Polish population studies of health behaviours of adolescents aged 14-24 (Youth Behavioural Polish Survey - YBPS) conducted in 2011, and the Pregnancy-related ...
Corbacioglu Aytul - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by TRAP sequence. METHODS: The perinatal outcomes of 15 TRAP sequence pregnancies referred to Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Research and Teaching Hospital, Turkey, were evaluated. Six cases were treated conservatively. Alcohol ablation and bipolar coagulation were performed in 5 and 4 cases, respectively. ...
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