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Medici Marco - - 2012
Context:Maternal hyperthyroidism during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of low birth weight, predisposing to neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, the effects of variation in maternal serum thyroid parameters within the normal range on birth weight are largely unknown.Objective:The aim was to study the effects of early pregnancy maternal ...
Atkins J A - - 2012
A single ovulation, reciprocal embryo transfer study was used to investigate effects of oocyte competence and maternal environment on pregnancy establishment and maintenance in beef cows. Estrous cycles were synchronized in suckled beef cows and embryo donors were inseminated on d 0 (n = 810). Cows were classified on d ...
Martínez-Mesa Jeovany J Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil. - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of (1) maternal smoking during pregnancy; and (2) partner smoking on offspring's height in infancy, childhood, and adolescence. All hospital live births from 1993 (5,249) were identified, and these infants were followed up at several ages. Height for age, expressed as z-scores using the World Health ...
Josefson Jami L JL Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611-2605, USA. - - 2013
An inverse relationship between total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH D) and increased adiposity has been established in children, adolescents, and adults. However, the relationship between neonatal adiposity and vitamin D status has not been reported. Both maternal obesity and vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy are common and are associated with ...
Escalante R C - - 2012
Progesterone-releasing (controlled internal drug release, CIDR) devices inserted for 14 d are used to presynchronize the estrous cycle for timed artificial insemination (TAI) in beef heifers (14-d CIDR-PGF(2α) program). The objective was to test a similar program in dairy cows by measuring first-service conception rates (FSCR), pregnancy rates after 2 ...
Wagner Carol L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 4000 IU vitamin D(3)/day (vs. 2000 IU/day) during pregnancy is safe and improves maternal/neonatal 25(OH)D in a dose-dependent manner. STUDY DESIGN: 257 pregnant women 12-16 weeks' gestation were enrolled. Randomization to 2000- vs. 4000 IU/day followed one-month run-in at 2000 IU/day. Participants were monitored for hypercalciuria, ...
Schulman M L - - 2012
Pregnancy losses include early embryonic death (EED) and later (postimplantation) abortion. Abortions, particularly Equid herpesvirus (EHV-1) abortion epizootics, cause severe economic and production losses. The long-term effects of EHV-1 and other abortions on subsequent reproductive performance in broodmare populations, however, remain undefined. This study described the relationships of EED and ...
Mayer Jennifer - - 2012
Early and accurate pregnancy diagnosis in dairy cattle is a prerequisite for successful herd management. However, most of the currently available methods allow an early diagnosis only approximately 30 days after insemination. Recently, circulating nucleic acids (CNAs) have been used successfully as biomarkers in prenatal diagnosis at different gestational stages ...
Baci Yelda - - 2012
The aim of the study is to evaluate the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and maternal obesity and weight gain during pregnancy. A prospective cohort study screened 614 consecutive gravid patients for GDM using 50 g glucose challenge test (GCT). The pregnant women were divided into 4 groups according to ...
Couto G B - - 2012
The objective was to compare a leukocyte esterase (LE) test with endometrial cytology (EC) for diagnosis of subclinical endometritis in dairy cows. The relationship between subsequent fertility and the uterine (Ut) and cervical (Cx) leukocyte esterase activity was determined by the odds of pregnancy by 90 days in milk (DIM). ...
Kenyon A G - - 2012
Objectives were to determine progesterone concentration (P4) from days 4 to 28 relative to presumptive estrus necessary for maintenance of pregnancy in lactating Holstein cows. Cows were assigned to the low P4 (LowP4, n=28) or control (n=153) treatments. All cows were presynchronized with two injections of PGF(2α) (14d apart) and ...
Budenhofer Brigitte K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: During pregnancy, physiologic changes in maternal thyroid function take place especially due to hormonal as well as metabolic processes. Human chorionic gonadotropin activates the maternal thyroid gland leading to increased thyroid hormone production. A sufficient availability of maternal thyroid hormones is essential for fetal development, especially during the first ...
Ashoor G - - 2012
Objective: To examine the possible effects of maternal and fetal characteristics on the fetal fraction in maternal plasma cell-free (cf) DNA at 11-13 weeks' gestation and estimate the proportion of pregnancies at high-risk of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) failure because the fetal fraction is less than 4%. Methods: In 1,949 ...
Reynolds Rebecca M RM Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Implications for practice and research: Children of mothers who are obese prior to pregnancy, and/or gain excessive weight in early pregnancy, carry increased risk for obesity in adolescence. Obese women of childbearing age should be actively supported to achieve lifestyle modification prior to conception or in early pregnancy. Research is ...
Knox R V - - 2012
A survey was performed to assess whether reproductive management differed among small (S, <500 sows), medium (M, 501 to 2000 sows) and large (L, 2001 to 8000 sows) sized farms (n = 113). Farms with 501 to 4000 sows/barn were most frequent with sows kept in stalls on 90% of ...
Marzioni D - - 2012
We evaluated the presence of HtrA1 in maternal plasma of normal pregnancies and of pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia (PE) without and with Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). We demonstrate that HtrA1 maternal plasma levels show significant different concentrations in first, second and third trimester of gestation and that HtrA1 concentration increases ...
Wang L - - 2012
The rapid growth in sika deer (Cervus nippon) farming and interest in their conservation is an impetus for development of embryo transfer (ET) procedures. However, a paucity of research has prevented widespread application of ET in this species. The objective of the present study was to establish a multiple ovulation ...
Mello-Neto Julio - - 2012
This study evaluated the influence of iron supplementation in pregnancy and breastfeeding on iron status of lactating women from a Brazilian Human Milk Bank. Blood and mature breast milk samples were collected from 145 women for assessment of iron status, as well as copper and zinc status. Haemoglobin, serum iron ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2012
Maternal folic acid (FA) supplementation is well recognised to protect against neural tube defects. Folate is a critical cofactor in one-carbon metabolism involved in the epigenetic regulation of transcription that underpins development. Thus, it is possible that maternal FA supplementation may have additional, unforeseen persistent effects in the offspring. This ...
Cozzi V - - 2012
Endothelial dysfunction typical of preeclampsia (PE) is the result of an excessive maternal inflammatory response to pregnancy. We investigated PTX3 in maternal, fetal and placental compartments in complicated pregnancies. Maternal blood samples were collected during the third trimester in 53 PE, 43 IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) and 50 normal pregnancies. ...
Hartwig Isabel R V - - 2013
Are maternal progesterone levels in early pregnancy associated with fetal birthweight? Low levels of first-trimester maternal progesterone are significantly associated with a reduction in birthweight in girls, but not boys. Progesterone in the third trimester of pregnancy has previously been related to birthweight in humans. Pregnant women between gestational weeks ...
Andreu-Vázquez C - - 2012
This study was designed to determine the effects of twinning on the subsequent reproductive performance and productive lifespan of high milk-producing dairy cows. The data analyzed were taken from complete reproductive records for 4861 Holstein Friesian cows comprising a commercial herd, including data for 12 587 calving events from April ...
Mattoso Crs - - 2012
Plasmatic concentrations of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) increase during pregnancy in humans and dogs; however the mechanism of such increase is still not well defined. The aims of this study were: (i) to evaluate changes in vWF concentration during pregnancy and during the subsequent oestrous cycle in bitches affected and ...
Deardorff Julianna - - 2012
Life course theory suggests that early life experiences can shape health over a lifetime and across generations. Associations between maternal pregnancy experience and daughters' age at menarche are not well understood. We examined whether maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) were independently related to daughters' age at menarche. ...
Tita Alan Thevenet N - - 2012
To describe appropriate maternal and obstetrical indications for primary cesarean delivery. The list of potential indications is long. Among all maternal and obstetrical indications, labor dystocia is the most common; multifetal pregnancy and malpresentation are not infrequent. Maternal indications, including human immunodeficiency virus (with high viral load) and herpes simplex ...
Dzal Yvonne A - - 2012
In mammals, reproduction, especially for females is energetically demanding. Therefore, during the reproductive period females could potentially adjust patterns of thermoregulation and foraging in concert to minimise the energetic constraints associated with pregnancy and lactation. We assessed the influence of pregnancy, lactation, and post-lactation on torpor use and foraging behaviour ...
Di Francesco S - - 2012
The aim was to ascertain whether relationships between corpus luteum (CL) vascularization, CL function, and pregnancy outcome in AI in buffaloes were consistent across the breeding season and transition period to the nonbreeding season in a Mediterranean environment. Stage of the estrous cycle in Italian Mediterranean buffaloes was synchronized using ...
Gumen A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of presynchronization with or without the detection of estrus on first service pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) and on Ovsynch outcome in lactating dairy cows. A total of 511 cows were divided randomly but unevenly into 3 treatment groups at ...
Orzechowski Kelly M - - 2012
This article reviews the diagnosis and management of the most common respiratory conditions complicating pregnancy-asthma and influenza. We also review strategies for smoking cessation in pregnancy as, in addition to exacerbating all other pulmonary conditions, smoking is the most modifiable risk factor for poor pregnancy outcome. Moreover, the obstetrician frequently ...
Akter S M - - 2012
Maternal malnutrition and poor gestational weight gain are the most important causes of low birth weight and high rates of newborn mortality. To assess the effects of nutrition counseling in the third trimester of pregnancy on maternal weight gain, birth weight of newborn, and breastfeeding practices. This was a longitudinal ...
De Leon-Luis Juan - - 2012
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived plasma protein with insulin-sensitizing and antiatherosclerotic properties. The objectives of the present study were to determine the amniotic fluid (AF) concentration of adiponectin during the second trimester of pregnancy and to demonstrate its association with maternal and fetal variables and AF concentrations of insulin, leptin, and ...
Revello Rocio - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of maternal complications in triple pregnancies. An additional objective was to study the relation between assisted reproductive techniques and maternal complications. Material and Methods: retrospective study on 147 triplets assisted at the Gynecology and Obstetrics department of La Paz University Hospital between ...
Stevenson J S - - 2012
The objective was to determine the effect of 2 presynchronization treatments on first-service pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in 4 dairy herds during warm and cool seasons of the year. Cows with ear tags ending with even digits at calving were enrolled in Presynch-10 (Presynch-10): two 25-mg injections of PGF(2α) ...
Stamnes Køpp U M - - 2012
Objective:To estimate the associations between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) or gestational weight change (GWC) during pregnancy and offspring BMI at 3 years of age, while taking several pre-and postnatal factors into account.Design:The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study is a population-based pregnancy cohort study of women recruited from ...
Djuricic D - - 2012
The aim of research was to determine influence of intrauterine application of two different ozone preparations on reproductive performance in Simmental cows with retained fetal membranes (RFM). The study was performed on 143 Simmental cows aged 2-8 years and divided in three groups. Group A (n=46) consisted of cows treated ...
Foda Ashraf A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to measure the copeptin levels in maternal serum and umbilical cord serum at cesarean section and vaginal delivery in normotensive pregnancy and pre-eclamptic women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study at Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Ninety cases were included. They were divided ...
Langlois B - - 2012
The files for ultrasound diagnosis of gestating mares belonging to the French equine herd recorded for 3 consecutive years were joined with the files for foal birth of these same mares, allowing the statistical analysis of factors of pregnancy loss. For 28 872 positive diagnoses of gestation, 2898 losses were ...
Liu Yan-Hui - - 2012
We describe the prenatal diagnosis and fetal phenotype of partial trisomy 12 (p12-pter) transmitted from a maternal reciprocal translocation 6;12. Genetic analysis was conducted on umbilical cord blood for a fetus accompanied with tricuspid regurgitation and orbital hypertelorism from a 27-year-old gravida 4, para 1 after sonography at gestation 35weeks. ...
Kemp B - - 2012
In Europe, housing conditions of sows are currently changing, related with a larger emphasis on pig welfare. As a result, sows are and will be less kept in crates, but more so in loose housing systems (farrowing, lactation) and group housing systems (pregnancy, lactation, weaning-to-oestrus interval). These changes in housing ...
Hansen Craig - - 2012
Background In many epidemiologic studies smoking and alcohol are often examined as an exposure variable when focusing on health conditions associated with these lifestyle factors. Furthermore, smoking and alcohol have almost become standard confounding variables in epidemiologic studies when examining other exposures. We highlight the challenges associated with cleaning and ...
Hauge Lars Johan LJ Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Mental Health Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
This study investigated changes in smoking behavior across pregnancies in a sample of 10,890 primiparous women participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) in order to identify risk factors that may inhibit smoking cessation and promote smoking during a woman's second pregnancy. Registry information regarding ...
Joubert Bonnie R BR Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, - - 2012
Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, due to in utero exposures may play a critical role in early programming for childhood and adult illness. Maternal smoking is a major risk factor for multiple adverse health outcomes in children, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated epigenome-wide methylation in cord ...
Haggarty Paul - - 2012
The aims of the present study were to determine compliance with current advice on vitamin D and to assess the influence of season, dietary intake, supplement use and deprivation on vitamin D status in pregnant mothers and newborns in the north of Scotland where sunlight exposure is low. Pregnant women ...
Langley Kate K MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring. It is assumed by many that this association is causal. Others suggest that observed associations are due to unmeasured genetic factors or other confounding factors. The authors compared risks of maternal smoking during pregnancy with those ...
Adams E Kathleen - - 2012
Maternal smoking causes adverse health outcomes for both mothers and infants and leads to excess healthcare costs at delivery and beyond. Even with substantial declines over the past decade, around 23% of women enter pregnancy as a smoker and though almost half quit during pregnancy, half or more quitters resume ...
Lertbunnaphong Tripop - - 2012
To identify the correlation between gestational weight gain in pregnant women with normal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and fetal weight gain. Uncomplicated normal pre-pregnancy BMI Thai singleton pregnant women with less than 16 weeks' gestation participated in this study between June 2008 and September 2009. Serial measurements of maternal ...
Darmency-Stamboul Véronique - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is a common cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy in children. The diagnosis of PAIS is based on cerebral imaging. The objective of our study was to determine prenatal risk factors associated with PAIS. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was nested in the ...
Ramadoss Jayanth - - 2012
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a significant field of scientific exploration primarily because of its negative effects on the developing fetus, which is specifically defined as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Though the effects on the mother are less explored compared with those on the fetus, alcohol produces multiple effects ...
Kesmodel U S - - 2012
To examine the effects of binge alcohol consumption during early pregnancy, including the number of binge episodes and the timing of binge drinking, on general intelligence in 5-year-old children. Follow-up study. Neuropsychological testing in four Danish cities 2003-2008. A cohort of 1617 women and their children sampled from the Danish ...
Falgreen Eriksen H-L - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Falgreen Eriksen H, Mortensen E, Kilburn T, Underbjerg M, Bertrand J, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Grove J, Kesmodel U. The effects of low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure in early pregnancy on IQ in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03394.x. Objective  To examine the effects ...
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