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Stockton M C - - 2013
A target BW is often used to estimate sexual maturity in beef heifers. The target BW, a percentage of mature BW, is generally an average for the breed, herd, or both. Heifer development is done in groups, or herds, and not all heifers respond similarly to the same development regimen. ...
Bridges G A - - 2013
Pregnancy failure in livestock can result from failure to fertilize the oocyte or embryonic loss during gestation. The focus of this review is on cattle and factors affecting and mechanisms related to uterine insufficiency for pregnancy. A variety of factors contribute to embryonic loss and it may be exacerbated in ...
Kang Jae-Yul - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the association between crown-rump length (CRL) measured before the 10th gestational week and birth weight. Results from 316 transvaginal ultrasonography scans at the 46th, 53rd, 60th, 67th, and 74th days of pregnancy were compared in low birth weight (LBW) versus normal birth ...
El Koumi Mohamed A - - 2013
Maternal vitamin D deficiency is not uncommon. The lack of vitamin D during pregnancy may result in poor fetal growth and altered neonatal development that may persist into later life. Recognition of risk factors and early detection of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy are important in order to prevent neonatal ...
Robeck Todd R - - 2013
Gestation and lactation result in metabolic alterations of the dam because of varying demands of the fetus and offspring during the different stages of development. Despite killer whales (Orcinus orca) having one of the longest gestations and highest birth weights of all mammals in human care, these metabolic alterations, and ...
Yumusakhuylu Yasemin - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Significant calcium transfer from the mother to the fetus and infant occurs during pregnancy and lactation, theoretically placing the mother at an increased risk for osteoporosis. The relationship between pregnancy, breast-feeding and low bone mass is controversial. In this study we aimed to elucidate the relationship between pregnancy, ...
Brough Louise - - 2013
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation may adversely affect fetal and infant development. Two initiatives were introduced in New Zealand to prevent deficiency: (1) mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt; and (2) provision of a subsidised iodine supplement (150 μg) for all pregnant and breastfeeding women. The aim of this ...
Velasco Ines - - 2013
Background The effects of moderate variations in dietary iodine intake on maternal and fetal thyroid function are poorly understood. Recent studies question the usefulness of neonatal screening of congenital hypothyroidism as a tool for monitoring iodine deficiency. We proposed to test the hypothesis of an association between iodine intake during ...
Carlsen K - - 2013
Background/objectives:Studies suggest that intake of marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in pregnancy have an impact on birth weight, but only few have investigated the effect on early fetal growth. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between levels of PUFA in maternal blood in gestational ...
Caglar Gamze Sinem - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Ischemia modified albumin has been shown to increase in ischemic situations, and has also been shown to increase in fetal cord blood in deliveries by cesarean section. The aim of this study is to reveal whether anesthesia has an impact on maternal and fetal cord ischemia modified albumin ...
Ulker Kahraman - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal hydration on amniotic fluid volume during maternal rest in the left lateral decubitus position. Methods- Pregnant women (n = 79) with an amniotic fluid index between 6 and 24 cm and a singleton uncomplicated pregnancy at 35 ...
Wahlin S - - 2013
Painful photosensitivity is characteristic of erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP). In women, symptoms may be affected by menstrual cycle and pregnancy but very little is known about maternal and fetal outcome. To investigate the impact of menstruation, pregnancy and breast-feeding on photosensitivity and possible effects of EPP on maternal, fetal and neonatal ...
Neumann Charlotte G - - 2013
Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy and lactation may negatively affect fetal growth, brain development, pregnancy outcome, and breastmilk vitamin B12 content. To examine associations between pregnant and lactating women's vitamin B12 intake and pregnancy outcomes, breastmilk vitamin B12 concentration, and growth and development of breastfed infants from birth to 6 ...
Shephard R W - - 2013
To compare the performance of intravaginal devices containing 1.0 g (DIB) or 1.38 g (CIDR) progesterone and to determine the efficacy of inclusion of equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) into progesterone-based anoestrous cow treatment protocols for New Zealand dairy cows. Anoestrous cows (n = 1,906) from 12 herds were randomly assigned to four ...
Masho Saba W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnant women is a major problem affecting both the mother and her offspring. Literature on the effect of obesity on preterm birth is inconsistent and few studies have investigated the influence of weight gain during pregnancy. This study examined the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and weight ...
Garcia-Ispierto Irina - - 2013
This study was designed to test the treatment with prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) plus equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) and GnRH 48 h later (PEG protocol) followed by fixed-time AI (FTAI) in dairy cows with silent ovulation (cows with a mature corpus luteum and no signs of estrus detected in the preceding 21 ...
Park Chan-Wook - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVE: No data exists on the frequency and intensity of the fetal, intraamniotic and maternal inflammation in preterm-gestations with inflammation restricted to chorio-decidua, early stage of ascending intrauterine infection. The objective of the study is to examine this issue. STUDY-DESIGN: The frequency and intensity of fetal (cord blood C-reactive ...
King Vicky - - 2013
Maternal obesity during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of obesity and cardiometabolic disease in the offspring, a phenomenon attributed to developmental programming. Programming effects may be transmissible across generations through both maternal and paternal inheritance, although the mechanisms remain unclear. Using a mouse model, we explored the ...
Patayová Henrieta H Department of Environmental Medicine, Slovak Medical University, Limbová 12, 83303, Bratislava, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to relate placental transfer, quantified by the cord to maternal serum concentration ratio (C/M), of five organochlorine pesticides (OCP) hexachlorobenzene (HCB), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH), γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH) , p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE and 15 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners (28, 52, 101, 105, 114, 118, 123(+149), 138(+163), 153, 156(+171), ...
Madoz L V - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of the stage of estrous cycle on the percentage of endometrial polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) obtained by cytobrush to determine cutoff values for the diagnosis of subclinical endometritis under pastoral conditions, to measure the prevalence of subclinical endometritis 21 to 62 ...
Tomedi L E - - 2013
AIMS: To estimate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and maternal hyperglycaemia (post-load glucose concentration ≥ 7.5 mmol/l). METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 429; 61% black, 36% obese, 45% smokers) enrolled in a cohort study at <16 weeks gestation. Non-fasting blood samples were assayed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D at ...
Eckhardt O H O - - 2013
This study was conducted to assess the effects of dietary energy in late pregnancy and hormone therapy at weaning on plasma metabolite profile, litter performance, reproductive parameters, and embryo viability in the second pregnancy. A total of 23 first-parity sows at 75 d of pregnancy were randomly allocated to 4 ...
Gaillard Romy - - 2013
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age is increasing. We aimed to determine risk factors and maternal, fetal and childhood consequences of maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. The study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 6959 mothers and their children. The ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2013
Few studies have examined whether the distinct metabolic patterns found in obese and nonobese pregnant women have different effects on the growing fetus. Our objective was to estimate the influence of longitudinal variation in maternal serum leptin levels on variation in infant birth weight in overweight/obese versus normal-weight women. In ...
Andringa Maarten F A - - 2013
To compare a) a new injectable progesterone (MAD-4) with an intravaginal progesterone-releasing device, and b) natural oestradiol 17β (O17) with a synthetic oestradiol salt (OB: oestradiol benzoate) in a modified HeatSynch protocol, 51 cows were divided into four groups, each treated with one of the two sources of progesterone and ...
Singh Harbindar Jeet - - 2013
Although melatonin supplementation is known to influence numerous physiological functions, little is however known of its effects on pregnancy outcome. This study investigated the effects of melatonin supplementation on pregnancy outcome in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats aged 12-13 weeks. Upon confirmation of proestrus, each female rat was housed ...
Murrin C - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Animal models have demonstrated that maternal overnutrition during pregnancy influences offspring adiposity. Few human studies of normal pregnancy have replicated these findings. We examined the association between child body mass index at age 5 years and maternal nutrient intake during pregnancy and 5 years postpartum.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Five-year-old children (n=585) and their mothers ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationship between maternal serum PAPP-A in first trimester of pregnancy and the development of preeclampsia (PE), early PE, small for gestational age (SGA) and preterm delivery (PD). METHOD: Retrospective study of 12355 pregnant women that delivered between 2008 and 2011. We define first, third and fifth percentile ...
Canick Jacob A - - 2013
Maternal plasma contains circulating cell-free (ccf) DNA fragments originating from both the mother and the placenta. The proportion derived from the placenta is known as the fetal fraction. When measured between 10 and 20 gestational weeks, the average fetal fraction in maternal plasma is 10 to 15%, but can range ...
Schjoldager Janne G - - 2013
Human and guinea pig fetuses are completely dependent on an adequate maternal vitamin C (vitC) intake. Shortage of micronutrients can have negative implications for fetal health and pregnancy outcome; however, knowledge of maternal vitC deficiency's impact on fetal development is sparse and reports of pregnancy outcome have been divergent. The ...
Halonen Marilyn - - 2013
Rationale. Innate immune responses marked by increases in TNF-α have been associated with asthma but whether such alterations are evident prior to symptoms is not yet clear. Objectives: To determine if prevalence of childhood asthma or asthma-related traits are predicted by perinatal innate immune status and if maternal factors related ...
Orita Yuji - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether full-term neonatal birthweight is decreasing or not. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subjects were selected from the registration database of full-term singletons from a single local practitioner at two time-points, 1991 (n = 750) and 2011 (n = 442). Maternal age, parity, and smoking habits were ...
Wang E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of gestational age and maternal weight on percent fetal cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in maternal plasma and the change in fetal cfDNA amounts within the same patient over time. METHODS: cfDNA was extracted from maternal plasma from 22,384 singleton pregnancies of at least 10 weeks gestation undergoing ...
Oliver Carrie H CH Department of Pathology; University of Cambridge; Cambridge, - - 2013
The transcription factor STAT5A is essential for two processes during mammary gland development. First, it controls the development of luminal progenitor cells from stem cells(1) and second, it has a role during pregnancy where it is required for alveologenesis(2) (,) (3) the production of clusters of luminal cells that synthesize ...
Ocak S - - 2013
The relationship between maternal intrinsic factors and placental traits was investigated on three Southern Mediterranean breed of sheep; Cukurova Assaf (CA), Cukurova (C) and Cukurova Meat Sheep (CMS). The effect of parity and birth type were also considered in the study as a potential influencing factor. Our hypothesis was to ...
Kirby Beth J - - 2013
Pregnancy invokes a doubling of intestinal calcium absorption while lactation programs skeletal resorption to provide calcium to milk. Post-weaning bone formation restores the skeleton's bone mineral content (BMC), but the factors that regulate this are not established. We used Pth null mice to test whether parathyroid hormone (PTH) is required ...
McDougall Scott - - 2013
Studies of treatment of postpartum endometritis in dairy cows indicate that prostaglandin (PGF2α) might result in similar outcomes as intrauterine antibiotics, but the effect might depend on the presence of a CL. The objective was to compare reproductive performance in cows with purulent vaginal discharge treated on the basis of ...
Pereira M H C - - 2013
Objectives were to investigate progesterone concentrations and fertility comparing 2 different intervals from PGF2α treatment and induced ovulation in an estrogen-based ovulation synchronization protocol for timed artificial insemination (TAI) or timed embryo transfer (TET) in lactating dairy cows. A total of 1,058 lactating Holstein cows [primiparous (n = 371) and ...
Marquezini G H L - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of calf removal (CR) on pregnancy rate (PR) and calf performance in suckled beef cows. Cows in both experiments were synchronized with the 7-day CO-Synch + CIDR protocol (i.e., 100 μg injection of GnRH at CIDR insertion [d -7] with 25 mg ...
Poon L C Y - - 2013
Objective: To examine the possible relationship between maternal and fetal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes on fetal and maternal cell-free (cf) DNA in maternal plasma at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Methods: cfDNA was extracted from maternal plasma of 1,949 singleton pregnancies and chromosome-selective sequencing was used to determine the proportion of cfDNA ...
Waldner C L - - 2013
To identify herd management and cow characteristics associated with the reproductive success of cow-calf herds in Western Canada, 33,391 beef cows were followed from the beginning of the breeding season in 2001 through pregnancy testing in 2002. Breeding management and cow-level risk factors such as age, body condition score (BCS), ...
Oliviero Claudio - - 2013
In modern swine production failure of sows to become pregnant within the expected time after weaning results in major economic loss and culling of sows. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of duration of farrowing on subsequent repeat breeding rate. The study was performed in a ...
Jensen Hans Mørch - - 2013
RATIONALE: Use of antidepressants during pregnancy has been associated with an increased rate of children small for gestational age (SGA), but it is unclear whether this is due to an effect of the underlying depressive disorder. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of antidepressants on SGA in a ...
Athorn R Z - - 2013
This study assessed the effect of feeding level on progesterone concentration in the caudal vena cava during early pregnancy in gilts. Twenty-four Landrace gilts were allocated to either a high (2.8±0.02) or a low (1.5±0.01kg day) feeding level at Day 0 of pregnancy. Serial blood samples were collected every 15min ...
Van Lieshout Ryan J - - 2013
Objective: To determine if maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased levels of internalizing and externalizing symptomatology in offspring throughout childhood and adolescence, and if these links persist after adjusting for the confounders of these associations. Method: We examined links between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and internalizing and ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of a de novo interstitial duplication of 11q (11q22.3→q23.3) in a pregnancy associated with abnormal maternal serum biochemistry. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis in the second trimester because of abnormal maternal serum biochemistry. Her husband was 33 years old. ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of a de novo interstitial duplication of 14q (14q31.3→q32.12) in a pregnancy associated with abnormal maternal serum biochemistry. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis in the second trimester because of abnormal maternal serum biochemistry. Her husband was 33 years old. ...
Schaftenaar Willem - - 2013
A 37-yr-old Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) started parturition after 640 days of pregnancy but no fetal parts entered the birth canal. Despite veterinary intervention, the calf was not delivered. After 13 mo calving resumed and a full-term dead calf advanced into and lodged within the vagina. With standing xylazine tranquilization, ...
Nascimento A B - - 2013
Reproductive management programs that synchronize ovulation can ovulate a smaller than normal follicle, potentially resulting in inadequate progesterone (P4) concentrations after artificial insemination (AI). Ovulation of the dominant follicle of the first follicular wave with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) treatment can produce an accessory corpus luteum and increase circulating P4 ...
Leermakers E T M - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Maternal fish consumption during pregnancy might influence the fetal immune system through anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids, and might affect the risks of childhood asthma and atopy. In Generation R, a prospective cohort study in the Netherlands, we examined the associations of first trimester fish consumption with childhood wheezing ...
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