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Serrano-Pérez B B Department of Animal Production, Agrotecnio Center, University of Lleida, Lleida, - - 2014
Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) production and cross-breed pregnancy have been attributed a role in protecting dairy cows infected with Neospora caninum against abortion. Plasma levels of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins-1 (PAG-1) are a marker of placental/foetal well-being and of PAG-2 is an abortion risk indicator in chronically N. caninum-infected animals. The present study examines, ...
DurmuĊŸ B B 1] The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [2] Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands [3] Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Objective:Fetal smoke exposure may influence growth and body composition later life. We examined the associations of maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy with total and abdominal fat distribution in school-age children.Methods:We performed a population-based prospective cohort study among 5,243 children followed from early pregnancy onwards in the Netherlands. Information about ...
De Giuseppe Rachele R Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Chirurgiche e Odontoiatriche, U.O. Ematologia e CTMO, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via F. Sforza 35, 20122, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid, are, respectively, n-3 and n-6 family members and play an important role in fetal and infant growth and development. Pregnancy and lactation impose special nutritional needs for the mother-fetus situation. Since the LC-PUFA required by the fetus is ...
Gadgil M M Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Pune, Pune, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Maternal nutrient supplementation in developing countries is generally restricted to provision of iron and folic acid. Along with folic acid, vitamin B12 is also an important determinant of fetal growth and development. During pregnancy, the increased requirement of folic acid is met with supplementation, while vitamin B12 remains untreated and ...
Moleti Mariacarla M Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Objective. Various physiological changes occur in maternal thyroid economy during pregnancy. This review focuses on the events taking place during gestation and together contributing to deeply influence maternal thyroid function.Methods: Scientific reports on maternal thyroid physiology in pregnancy.Results: During the 1st trimester, hCG induces a transient increase in FT4 levels, ...
Fujiwara Kana K Perinatal Center for Maternity and Neonatal, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, - - 2014
To determine associations of maternal pre-pregnancy underweight with poor outcomes and evaluate how gestational weight gain affects risks for such outcomes in pre-pregnancy underweight Japanese women. By analyzing the January 2001-December 2012 hospital database, we retrospectively identified 6954 women with pre-pregnancy normal weights (body mass index, 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2) ) and 1057 ...
Uslenghi Gastón G Postgraduate student, CONICET fellowship, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Tandil, Argentina; Área de Reproducción, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Tandil, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of estradiol cypionate (ECP) and amount of progesterone in the intravaginal device (PID) on synchronization of estrus and ovulation, follicular dynamics, luteal dynamics and function and on pregnancy rate in beef cows treated with fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) based protocols. In Experiment ...
Sakumoto R R Animal Physiology Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Functional differences between the corpus luteum (CL) of pregnancy and CL of the cycle in cows were examined. Messenger RNA and protein levels of prostaglandin (PG) E synthase (PGES), PGF2α receptor (PGFR), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) and Fas were found to be higher in the CL of pregnancy than in ...
Kasimanickam R K RK Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectives were (1) to determine the effects of gonadorelin hydrochloride (GnRH) injection at controlled internal drug release (CIDR) insertion on Day 0 and the number of PGF2α doses at CIDR removal on Day 5 in a 5-day CO-Synch + CIDR program on pregnancy rate (PR) to artificial insemination (AI) ...
Pereira M H C MH Aluno do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zootecnia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu 18618-000, - - 2014
Our hypothesis was that increasing the length of an estradiol and progesterone (P4) timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol would improve pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI). Lactating Holstein cows (n = 759) yielding 31 ± 0.30 kg of milk/d with a detectable corpus luteum (CL) at d -11 were randomly assigned ...
Alwan Nisreen A NA Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2014
Iron deficiency is common during pregnancy. Experimental animal studies suggest that it increases cardiovascular risk in the offspring. To examine the relationship between maternal pregnancy dietary and supplement iron intake and hemoglobin, with offspring's arterial stiffness (measured by carotid-radial pulse wave velocity), endothelial function (measured by brachial artery flow mediated ...
Barker H M - - 2014
Women frequently request regional analgesia during labour, yet little is known about how long it takes before they become comfortable. This prospective observational study aimed to determine various time-points following maternal request for regional analgesia in labour until comfort was achieved. It was conducted in two tertiary referral centres for ...
Hinde Katie K Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America ; Nutrition Laboratory, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America ; Brain, Mind, and Behavior Unit, California National Primate Research Center, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
Mammalian females pay high energetic costs for reproduction, the greatest of which is imposed by lactation. The synthesis of milk requires, in part, the mobilization of bodily reserves to nourish developing young. Numerous hypotheses have been advanced to predict how mothers will differentially invest in sons and daughters, however few ...
Ghirri Paolo P Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Neonatal Intensive Care and Neonatology Unit, via Roma 55, Pisa 56126, Italy. - - 2014
Iodine deficiency can be defined as the world's greatest single cause of preventable brain damage. Fetal and neonatal hypothyroidism, caused by iodine deficiency can be prevented prior to conception and then during pregnancy and lactation when an adequate iodine supplementation is ensured. Extremely low birth weight preterm babies risk having ...
Alijahan Rahele R Ardabil University of Medical Science, Clerk of Province Health Center, MSc Midwifery Student of Mashhad University, Ardabil, - - 2014
Dystocia is one of the important causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. This study was aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of maternal anthropometric measurements as predictors for dystocia in nulliparous women. This prospective cohort study was conducted on 447 nulliparous women who referred to Omolbanin hospital. ...
Wander Pandora L PL Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America; Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Maternal pre-pregnancy body-mass index (ppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with cardiometabolic risk (CMR) traits in the offspring. The extent to which maternal genetic variation accounts for these associations is unknown. In 1249 mother-offspring pairs recruited from the Jerusalem Perinatal Study, we used archival data to characterize ppBMI ...
Jebbink Jiska J Women's and Children's Clinic, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
We present four women with seven ongoing pregnancies. Five pregnancies were complicated by intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and severe haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome with uncommon maternal morbidity. The combination of ICP and HELLP syndrome has not previously been reported. Awareness is warranted to accurately ...
Valsamakis Georgios G Endocrine Unit, 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aretaieion University Hospital, Athens Medical School, Greece, Warwickshire Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (WISDEM), University Hospital Coventry and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, - - 2014
The role of first trimester maternal body mass index (BMI) and adipocytokines in cord blood c-peptide and birth weight in pregnancy was investigated. Seventy non-diabetic pregnant Caucasian women were recruited. Anthropometry and measurements of fasting adipocytokines (visfatin, leptin, adiponectin), insulin and glucose were performed in each of the three trimesters. ...
Michalkova Veronika V Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United State of America; Section of Molecular and Applied Zoology, Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, - - 2014
Impact of reproductive processes upon female health has yielded conflicting results; particularly in relation to the role of reproduction-associated stress. We used the viviparous tsetse fly to determine if lactation, birth and involution lead to damage from oxidative stress (OS) that impairs subsequent reproductive cycles. Tsetse females carry an intrauterine ...
Rapacz-Leonard Anna A Department of Animal Reproduction with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, ul. Oczapowskiego 14, 10-719 Olsztyn, - - 2014
During pregnancy in larger mammals, the maternal immune system must tolerate the fetus for months while resisting external infection. This tolerance is facilitated by immunological communication between the fetus and the mother, which is mediated by Major Histocompatibility Complex I (MHC I) proteins, by leukocytes, and by the cytokines secreted ...
F Carvalho L P - - 2014
Objective: To assess the adverse effects of the chronic use of zidovudine/lopinavir/ritonavir in a rat pregnancy model.Type of article: Original paper.Design: A prospective experimental study.Setting: Department of Obstetrics, São Paulo Federal University (UNIFESP).Methods: 40 pregnant EPM-1 albino rats were randomly allocated into four groups of 10 animals each: control (Ctrl) ...
Wernike Kerstin K Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Greifswald - Insel Riems, - - 2014
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), an orthobunyavirus discovered in European livestock in late 2011 for the first time, causes premature or stillbirth and severe fetal malformation when cows and ewes are infected during pregnancy. Therefore, cattle of two holdings in the initially most affected area in Germany were closely monitored to describe ...
van Eerden L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Maternal morbidity, either pregnancy related or pre-existent, can become life threatening and of such severity as to warrant termination of pregnancy (TOP). In this situation, chances of fetal survival are usually poor, either because of low gestational age and/or because of the fetal effects of the maternal condition. Examples include ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097401.].
Jan Mohamed Hamid Jan HJ Nutrition Program, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has become a global health issue in pregnant women. This study aimed to assess the adequacy of maternal vitamin D status by measuring maternal serum and breast milk 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and to determine the association between maternal serum and milk 25(OH)D levels. Data was obtained ...
Page Kathleen A KA Department of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine the effects of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on offspring adiposity in a well-characterized cohort of Mexican American mother-child pairs. This study included 62 Mexican American mothers and their index offspring. Maternal GDM and normal glucose status during index pregnancy were documented, and mothers were previously matched by ...
Meier S S DairyNZ Limited, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine if free AA concentrations in uterine luminal fluid (ULF) and plasma differed between dairy cow strains that differ phenotypically for fertility and to evaluate the effect of the presence of a conceptus on ULF AA concentrations. Uterine luminal fluid was obtained postmortem ...
Halhali Ali A Departamento de Biología de la Reproducción, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Tlalpan 14000, México D.F., México. Electronic address: - - 2013
Placenta is an extrarenal source of calcitriol and pregnancy is associated with increased maternal serum levels of this hormone. It has been reported that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) stimulates placental calcitriol synthesis and that circulating levels of both hormones are low in preeclampsia. Since calcitriol production has not been ...
Robinson Camille A CA University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA; University of California Berkeley School of Public Health Division of Epidemiology, Berkeley, - - 2013
High maternal weight before and during pregnancy contributes to child obesity. To assess the additional role of weight change after delivery, we examined associations between pre- and post-pregnancy weight changes and preschooler overweight. Sample: 4,359 children from the Children and Young Adults of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth ...
Stoops Monica A MA Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife (CREW), Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, Cincinnati, - - 2013
Urinary hormone analysis was conducted on two adult female Indian rhinoceroses (Rhinoceros unicornis) that exhibited minimal or no estrual behaviors traditionally used to time breeding. Urine was collected throughout two consecutive estrous cycles to establish preliminary data on each individual's pattern and concentration of estrogen conjugates (EC) and progesterone metabolites ...
Morotti F F Laboratório de Reprodução Animal, DCV-CCA-Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Parana, - - 2013
Obtaining sexed sperm from previously frozen doses (reverse-sorted semen [RSS]) provides an important advantage because of the possibility of using the semen of bulls with desired genetic attributes that have died or have become infertile but from whom frozen semen is available. We report the efficiency of RSS on the ...
Kirkegaard Helene H Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology (HK), and the Department of Public Health, Biostatistics (HS), Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; the Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (KMR); the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA (BA); the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (TIAS); the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg University Hospital, Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark (TIAS); and the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark - - 2013
Reproduction has been related to long-term maternal weight gain, and changes in fat mass, with gestational weight gain have been identified as an important contributor. However, the influence of weight changes during the whole reproductive cycle and the modifying effect of breastfeeding are unknown. The objective was to examine how ...
Hounsgaard M L ML Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2013
Maternal overweight and obesity in pregnancy has been associated with earlier age of menarche in daughters as well as reduced semen quality in sons. We aimed at investigating pubertal development in sons born by mothers with a high body mass index (BMI). The study included 2522 sons of mothers that ...
Santolaria P - - 2013
This study was carried out to examine the impact of several climate variables on the pregnancy rate after cervical artificial insemination (AI) of Rasa Aragonesa ewes. Data were derived from 8,977 inseminations in 76 well-managed flocks performed during the first month of the breeding season (July to October). The following ...
Dlugosz Elizabeth M - - 2013
Reproduction is an energy-demanding activity in mammalian females, with increased energy requirements during pregnancy and, especially, during lactation. To better understand the interactions between parasitism and host reproduction, we investigated feeding and reproductive performance of fleas (Xenopsylla ramesis) parasitizing non-reproducing, pregnant, or lactating gerbilline rodents (Meriones crassus). Based on energetic ...
Lopes Tania P TP Department of Medicine and Animal Surgery, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia 30100, - - 2013
A field study was conducted to estimate seasonal differences in follicular development in weaned sows and to evaluate the implication of these differences on seasonal infertility. A total of 110 sows were selected at weaning during winter-spring (WS, n=58) and summer-autumn (SA, n=52). Ovaries were scanned once daily from weaning ...
Libuda Lars - - 2013
German guidelines recommend breast milk as ideal for infant's nutrition, supporting exclusive breastfeeding for at least 4 months. Moreover, in mothers with insufficient fish intake, DHA status may be improved by supplementation during pregnancy and lactation. However, little is known on current rates of breastfeeding and DHA supplementation in Germany. The ...
Duncan Calvin L CL Catalina Island Conservancy, Avalon, California 90704, USA. - - 2013
Prior to 2010, the introduced population of American bison (Bison bison) on Santa Catalina Island, California, was managed through the shipment of surplus bison to private ranches, Native American reservations, and livestock auctions on the mainland. In response to escalating costs, transport-induced stress to the animals, and ecologic impacts associated ...
Domingue Marie-Eve - - 2013
Prolactinoma is the most frequent pituitary tumor among women of child-bearing age. Only a few studies have addressed the outcome of prolactinoma after pregnancy. To study remission, defined as prolactin normalisation without medical treatment, after pregnancy and lactation in women with prolactinoma. A retrospective study conducted in 2 Belgian academic ...
Brownlie Ts - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to describe the reproductive performance of a selection of New Zealand dairy herds in 2009/10 and 2010/11. A secondary objective was to explore associations between a number of biophysical and socio-demographic herd-level variables and herd-level reproductive outcomes. Seasonal-calving, pasture-based herds from the Waikato ...
Kubo Keiko - - 2013
The concentrations of PCB congeners in the blubber and liver of mother Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus; SSLs) and their fetuses from the coast of Hokkaido, Japan in 2008, 2010 and 2012 were analyzed by HRGC-HRMS, in order to elucidate PCB congener profiles and maternal-to-fetal transfer of PCBs in SSLs. ...
Romano Juan E - - 2013
Objective-To determine effects of per rectal amniotic sac palpation (ASP) for pregnancy diagnosis during early gestation on pregnancy loss in lactating cows. Design-Controlled, randomized block design. Animals-368 pregnant dairy cows. Procedures-Pregnancy was detected via transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) at day 29 (day of estrus = day 0), and cows were allocated ...
Ramu Sivakumar - - 2013
Early identification of viable pregnancy is paramount for successful reproduction. Detection of specific signals from pre-implantation viable embryos in normal pregnancy circulation would indicate initiation of embryo-maternal interaction and create a continuum to accurately reflect embryo/fetal well-being post-implantation. Viable mammalian embryos secrete PreImplantation Factor (PIF), a biomarker which plays key, ...
Maslova Ekaterina - - 2013
Fat-soluble vitamins A, E and K have been shown to play roles in immunity and inflammation, but studies on child allergic disease have been few and inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between maternal intake of vitamins A, E and K in mid-pregnancy and ...
Carvalho N A T - - 2013
Three experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of different circulating progesterone (P4) concentrations during synchronization of ovulation protocol for timed artificial insemination of seasonal anestrous buffalo cows. In the first trial, ovariectomized cows were randomly allocated into one of three groups: using new P4 devices (G-New; n = 8), ...
Bonilla L - - 2013
There are no reports on consequences of in vitro production (IVP) of embryos for the postnatal development of the calf or on postparturient function of the dam of the calf. Three hypotheses were evaluated: calves born as a result of transfer of an IVP embryo have reduced neonatal survival and ...
Asher G W - - 2013
This study, based on the analysis of growth and reproductive records of 6158 young red deer hinds, tested the hypothesis that the nutritional environment in early life influences the permissive body mass threshold for puberty at around 16 months of age. Live-weight at 3 months (i.e. weaning weight) was a ...
Sá Filho M F - - 2013
The present study evaluated the use of sex-sorted sperm upon estrus detection (ED) or following timed artificial insemination (TAI) in lactating dairy cows. Additionally, the effect of the presence of a corpus luteum (CL) at the beginning of the TAI protocol was verified. Cows (539 crossbred Gir × Holstein and ...
Bruno R G S - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to evaluate effects of 2 resynchronization protocols beginning at different intervals after artificial insemination (AI) on the pattern of return to estrus, ovarian responses, and pregnancy per AI (P/AI) to reinsemination. Lactating cows from 2 dairies, located in Texas (n = 2,233) and Minnesota ...
González-Mariscal Gabriela - - 2013
Rabbits mated at postpartum estrus become concurrently pregnant and lactating. They wean the first litter shortly before delivering the second one. Lactating-only rabbits do not spontaneously wean their young. These differences suggest that: a) suckling contributes to the long-term maintenance of maternal responsiveness and b) pregnancy-associated factors are essential to ...
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