Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1262
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mei Quan Q The Second People's Hospital of Yichang City, The Second People's Hospital of Three Gorges University, Yichang, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of mifepristone and ethacridine lactate with ethacridine lactate alone for second trimester pregnancy termination. Two hundred and seventy-six healthy women between 16 and 27 weeks of gestation, desiring a termination, were assigned at random into two groups. The study group consisted of 140 women who received ...
Tshuma Takula T Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X 04, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa, - - 2014
This study investigated the association between pre-breeding blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration and reproductive performance of beef heifers within different management systems in South Africa. Bonsmara heifers (n = 369) from five herds with different estimated levels of nitrogen intake during the month prior to the commencement of the breeding season were ...
Guzmán Carolina C HIPAM, Unidad de Medicina Experimental, Hospital General de México, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), México, D.F., - - 2014
Maternal protein restriction during rat pregnancy and lactation is associated with alterations in reproductive function of female offspring including delayed onset of puberty, decreased fertility and premature reproductive aging. These alterations may be related to ovarian prepubertal development, distribution of follicle populations and their steroidogenic capacities. We undertook this study ...
Ayres H H Departamento de Reprodução Animal, FMVZ/USP, Rua Orlando Marques de Paiva, São Paulo-SP, Brazil; MSD Animal Health, São Paulo-SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The influence of body condition score (BCS), rump fat thickness (RFAT), and live weight (LW), and the changes in these parameters during the interval from 165 of prepartum (i.e., 125 days of prior gestation) to 112 postpartum on first service conception and pregnancy rates were investigated in suckled Zebu (Bos indicus) ...
Ekström Sandra S Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Maternal obesity has been linked to offspring asthma, however other allergy-related diseases, as well as the association beyond early school-age are largely unstudied. To examine the associations between maternal BMI in pregnancy and offspring asthma, rhinitis, eczema and sensitization up to 16 years of age. 3,294 children from the Swedish ...
Chen Lei L Global Patient Safety-Pharmacoepidemiology, Eli Lilly and Company, LCC DP 2638, Indianapolis, IN, 46285, USA, - - 2014
We describe patterns of dietary caffeine consumption before and after pregnancy recognition in a cohort of women who recently gave birth. This study included 8,347 mothers of non-malformed liveborn control infants who participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study during 1997-2007. Maternal self-reported consumption of beverages (caffeinated coffee, tea, ...
Yan Wang Z Z Committee on Neurobiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637. Electronic address: - - 2014
The impact of pregnancy and lactation on ultradian rhythms (URs) and circadian rhythms (CRs) of locomotor activity was assessed in circadian rhythmic and arrhythmic Siberian hamsters maintained in a long-day photoperiod (16h light/day). Progressive decrements in CR robustness and amplitude over the course of gestation were accompanied by enhanced URs. ...
Cheong Soon Hon SH Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-6401, - - 2014
Two late gestation Holstein cows about to begin the third lactation developed massive vulvar edema. These were the only affected animals in the herd of 500 milking cows. The vulvar edema spontaneously regressed postpartum for both cows. Massive vulvar swelling is seldom observed in dairy cows in advanced pregnancy and ...
Hou Ruo-Lin RL Department of Children's Health Care, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310003, - - 2014
Large-for-gestational age (LGA) newborns can increase the risk of metabolic syndrome. Previous studies have shown that the levels of maternal blood lipids, connecting peptide (C-peptide), insulin and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were significantly different between LGA and appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) newborns. This study aimed to determine the effect of the levels ...
Bó G A GA 1Instituto de Reproducción Animal Córdoba (IRAC),Zona Rural General - - 2014
The main objective of the implementation of artificial insemination (AI) in cattle is to produce a sustained genetic progress in the herd. Although AI is an old reproductive biotechnology, its widespread implementation is very recent and is mainly because of the use of protocols that allows AI without oestrus detection, ...
Topie Emmanuel E 1Small Animal Reproduction Unit, Veterinary Hospital of Nantes-Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering - Oniris, Nantes, - - 2014
Eleven pregnancies in six queens were monitored daily from day 7 to day 28, corresponding to the end of the embryonic period, using ultrasonography with a 12.5 MHz probe. The first mating was considered as the presumed start of gestation, as has been described to be the case in 92.3% ...
Hiby Susan E SE Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United - - 2014
Human birth weight is subject to stabilizing selection; babies born too small or too large are less likely to survive. Particular combinations of maternal/fetal immune system genes are associated with pregnancies where the babies are ≤5th birth weight centile, specifically an inhibitory maternal KIR AA genotype with a paternally derived ...
Ozawa Naoko N Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, - - 2014
Background: There are reports that the maternal diet during pregnancy may affect development of babies' eczema. We sought to investigate the association between the maternal diet during pregnancy and the risk of eczema in infancy in Japan. Methods: A birth cohort was set up at 2 hospitals in Chiba city. ...
Algeri Paola P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan-Bicocca , Monza , Italy - - 2014
Objective: PTX3, sFlt-1 and PlGF levels in maternal blood are altered in some obstetric diseases, such as preeclampsia (PE). Nonetheless, only few data on their expression in the fetal compartment have been reported so far. Study Design: An observational study was performed by prospectively collecting maternal and fetal serum samples ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To compare maternal characteristics, obstetric outcomes and insulin resistance in a cohort of women subdivided into those who did and those who did not exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain guidelines. This is a prospective study of 621 women without diabetes. Concentrations of glucose, insulin and leptin ...
Diskin M G MG 1 Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Teagasc, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Athenry, Co. Galway. - - 2014
A reproductively efficient beef cow herd is fundamental to meeting the protein and specifically, red meat demand of an ever increasing global population. However, attaining a high level of reproductive efficiency is underpinned by producers being cognisant of and achieving many key targets throughout the production cycle and requires significant ...
Walsh Colin A CA Fetal Medicine Unit, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To determine the critical maternal antibody threshold for specialist referral in Rh(D) alloimmunisation. A retrospective 16-year cohort study at the national tertiary fetal medicine centre for management of alloimmunisation. Rh(D) alloimmunised pregnancies were extracted from an institutional database and the maternal Anti-D levels cross-checked with the national reference laboratory. Fetal ...
Bittar J H J JH Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of GnRH early postpartum on induction of ovulation, uterine health, and fertility in dairy cows. Holstein cows without a corpus luteum (CL) at 17 ± 3 DIM were assigned randomly to receive i.m. GnRH (n = 245) at 17 ...
Shin Mihwa M Department of Anesthesiology, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the consecutive administration of recombinant thrombomodulin (r-TM) for 4 days improves maternal and fetal conditions and physiological outcomes in an N'-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester hydrochloride-induced and low-dose endotoxin-induced pre-eclampsia (PE). r-TM or saline was administrated i.v. to normal pregnant and experimental PE rats for ...
David Paru S PS Division of Women's Health-Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 13737 N. 92nd St, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA, - - 2014
Migraine headache is a significant health problem affecting women more than men. In women, the hormonal fluctuations seen during pregnancy and lactation can affect migraine frequency and magnitude. Understanding the evaluation of headache in pregnancy is important, especially given the increased risk of secondary headache conditions. Pregnancy and lactation can ...
Karen Aly A Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafrelsheikh, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 150 does of different breeds were used to evaluate the accuracy of transrectal (TRU) and transabdominal ultrasonography (TAU) for pregnancy diagnosis and fetal number estimation and to study the effect of breed and age of goats on the accuracy of ultrasonography. All does were scanned by TRU ...
Vieira L M LM Departamento de Reprodução Animal, FMVZ-USP, São Paulo, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effect of Holstein donor category (cows vs. heifers) and climate variation (hot vs. cooler season) on the efficiency of in vivo embryo production programs as well as embryo survival after transferred to Holstein recipient cows. A total of 1562 multiple ovulation (MO) procedures (cows: n = 609, and ...
Lucy M C MC 1 Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Milk and milk solids production per cow is increasing annually in dairy systems. Peak milk production is in early lactation when the uterus and ovary are recovering from the previous pregnancy. The competing processes of milk production and restoration of reproductive function can be at odds, particularly if unique homeorhetic ...
Fricke P M PM Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1205, - - 2014
Despite the widespread adoption of hormonal synchronization protocols that allow for timed artificial insemination (AI), detection of estrus plays an important role in the reproductive management program on most dairies in the United States. Increased physical activity is a secondary sign of estrus in dairy cattle, and a new generation ...
Cabrera V E VE Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison WI 53706, - - 2014
The objective of this review paper was to summarise the latest findings in dairy cattle reproductive economics with an emphasis on high yielding, confined total mixed ration systems. The economic gain increases as the reproductive efficiency improves. These increments follow the law of diminishing returns, but are still positive even ...
Rossi Pasquale P Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
A comprehensive study of the efficiency of synchronization of ovulation and timed artificial insemination (TAI) was undertaken in a large group of Italian Mediterranean buffaloes at a commercial dairy. A total of 2791 synchronization protocols were carried out on 857 animals over 3 years. Of these protocols, 823 (29.5%) did not ...
Cooke R F RF Oregon State University - Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center, Burns, OR - - 2014
The objective of this experiment was to compare fatty acid (FA) concentrations in plasma and reproductive tissues, as well as hormones and expression of genes associated with pregnancy establishment in beef cows supplemented or not with Ca salts of soybean oil (CSSO) beginning after timed-AI. Ninety non-lactating multiparous Nelore (Bos ...
Keshavarzi Farahnaz F Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
Prenatal exposure to maternal anxiety and inappropriate levels of glucocorticoids may influence intrauterine growth and affect later health outcomes. We examined the relationship between maternal anxiety, maternal serum, and fetal cord blood cortisol. Eighty-four pregnant women with gestational age above 37 weeks admitted for elective caesarian section were studied. The ...
Summers A F AF University of Nebraska West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte - - 2014
Post-weaning heifer development systems were evaluated at 2 locations in a 4-yr study for their effect on performance and subsequent adaptation to grazing corn residue as a pregnant heifer. In Exp. 1, heifers were blocked by BW and randomly assigned to graze winter range (WR) or graze winter range and ...
Sood Pankaj P Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur 176 062, Himachal Pradesh, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study investigated the relationship between count and/or viability percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophil(s) (PMN) in genital discharge and pregnancy outcome during 180 estrous periods in 163 normal and repeat breeder. The relationship was also evaluated as a response to AI by three of the most frequently used bulls. The estrous ...
Kimura Koji K Animal Feeding and Management Research Division, NARO Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tochigi 329-2793, - - 2014
The objectives of the present study were to establish a nonsurgical transfer method for elongating bovine conceptuses and to combine this method with biopsy and sexing. Bovine conceptuses were recovered from donor cows on days 13-14 of the estrus cycle. In experiment 1, day 13 conceptuses were transferred to recipient ...
González-Garduño R R Unidad Regional Universitaria Sursureste, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Km 7.5, carretera Teapa-Vicente Guerrero, P.O. Box 29, CP 86800, Teapa, Tabasco, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective was to determine the influence of year, season and age of hair sheep ewes on their susceptibility to gastrointestinal nematodes during pregnancy and lactation and to record the number of treatments within a selective anthelmintic (AH) treatment programme. A trial was performed with 46 grazing ewes kept in ...
Scully S S School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
The aim was to assess the ability of corpus luteum (CL) and uterine ultrasound characteristics on d 18 to 21 to predict pregnancy status in lactating dairy cows. Ultrasound examinations were carried out on cows (n = 164) on d 18 to 21 following artificial insemination (AI). Images of the ...
Phillips A K AK 1] School of Medicine and Public Health, and Meriter Hospital, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Objective:Maternal iron needs increase sixfold during pregnancy, but obesity interferes with iron absorption. We hypothesized that maternal obesity impairs fetal iron status.Study Design:Three hundred and sixteen newborns with risk factors for infantile iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were studied to examine obesity during pregnancy and neonatal iron status. Erythrocyte iron was ...
Figueiredo Bárbara B School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyzes differences between adolescent and adult pregnant women and the contribution of maternal age to maternal adjustment and maternal attitudes during pregnancy. A sample of 398 Portuguese pregnant women (111 younger than 19 years) was recruited in a Portuguese Maternity Hospital and completed the Maternal Adjustment and Maternal Attitudes ...
Hill S L SL Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, - - 2014
We hypothesized that pregnancy outcomes may be improved by inducing luteal regression, ovulation, or both (i.e., altering progesterone status) before initiating a timed-artificial insemination (TAI) program in suckled beef cows. This hypothesis was tested in two experiments in which cows were treated with either PGF2α (PG) or PG + GnRH before initiating ...
Desai Mina M Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Research Laboratories Torrance, CA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We determined the potential programming effects of maternal obesity and high fat (HF) diet during pregnancy and/or lactation on offspring metabolic syndrome. A rat model of maternal obesity was created using a HF diet prior to and throughout pregnancy and lactation. At birth, pups were cross fostered thereby generating four ...
Goff K J KJ Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2014
Rapid rebreeding of winter- and spring-lambing ewes is essential if ewes are to lamb more than once per year, but fertility of lactating ewes is often low and early weaning of lambs may be undesirable in forage-based production systems. Selection to improve fertility in spring matings has been successful and ...
Tian Xi - - 2014
Zinc is an essential nutrient for optimal fertility, but the effects of preconception zinc deficiency on postimplantation development are not known. Female mice were fed a control or a zinc deficient diet (ZDD) for 4-5 days before ovulation (preconception). Embryonic and/or placental development were evaluated on Days 3.5, 6.5, 10.5, ...
Sanhueza Jm J a EpiCentre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University , Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4412 , New - - 2014
Abstract AIMS: Campylobacter fetus subspecies venerealis (C. fetus venerealis) is the causal agent of bovine genital campylobacteriosis, a venereal disease that is asymptomatic in bulls but responsible for reproductive wastage in female cattle. In New Zealand, a commercial real-time PCR assay was introduced in 2007 to identify the DNA of ...
Haddow James E JE Women and Infants Hospital and Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, - - 2014
Context: Lower birthweight has been reported in conjunction with high maternal free thyroxine (FT4) in euthyroid pregnancies, raising concerns for suboptimal outcomes. Objective: Explore relationships between high maternal FT4 and pregnancy complications in euthyroid women. Further examine relationships among maternal size, FT4 and birthweight. Design: Observational multicenter cohort study. Setting: ...
Agampodi Suneth - - 2014
The recently published WHO guidelines on applications of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium (ICD-MM) aimed at enabling a comprehensive framework for international comparison of maternal deaths, which includes maternal suicides as a direct cause of maternal deaths. At present, most developing countries do not include suicide ...
Roberts Victoria H J VH *Division of Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism and †Division of Reproductive and Developmental Science, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, Oregon - - 2014
Resveratrol has been proposed as a potential therapeutic to improve metabolic health during pregnancy, yet little is known about the fetal effects of this maternal dietary supplement. We hypothesized that when administered to pregnant nonhuman primates (NHPs), resveratrol would increase uterine blood flow and mitigate the harmful consequences of maternal ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2014
A recent meta-analysis showed no relationships between light to moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the risk of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), or small-for-gestational-age (SGA). Here, we present the first epidemiological study on this topic in Japan. Study subjects were 1565 Japanese mothers with singleton pregnancies and ...
Zhou Yuanyuan Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Genome and Precision Medicine Technologies, CAS Key Laboratory of Genome Sciences and Information, Beijing, - - 2014
An organ unique to mammals, the mammary gland develops 90% of its mass after birth and experiences the pregnancylactation-involution cycle (PL cycle) during reproduction. To understand mammogenesis at the transcriptomic level and using a ribo-minus RNA-seq protocol, we acquired greater than 50 million reads each for the mouse mammary gland ...
Mørkrid K K Department of Endocrinology, Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
The aim of this population-based study was to assess the association between objectively recorded physical activity (PA) in early gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) identified at 28 weeks of gestation in a multi-ethnic cohort of healthy pregnant women in Oslo, Norway. In total, 759 women were included. In early ...
Karen Aly A MTA-SZIE Large Animal Clinical Research Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Üllő-Dóra Major, 2225, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship of progesterone (P4), bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (bPAG-1) and nitric oxide (NO) levels with late embryonic (LEM; day 28 to day 42) and early fetal mortalities (EFM; > day 42 to day 56) in dairy cows. Transrectal ultrasonography (6-8 MHz) was ...
Cauffman G G Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
The arrangement of the blastomeres within the 4-cell stage embryo reflects the orientation of the cleavage planes during the second division. To examine their relevance, the developmental capacity and the pregnancy rate were compared between tetrahedral-shaped and non-tetrahedral-shaped 4-cell stage human embryos. The study included 3,546 4-cell stage embryos. The ...
Thomas J M JM Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia - - 2014
This experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that delayed insemination of nonestrous cows would increase pregnancy rates when using sex-sorted semen in conjunction with fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Estrus was synchronized for 656 suckled beef cows with the 7-d CO-Synch + controlled internal drug release (CIDR) protocol (100 μg ...
Martin N T NT Division of Animal Science, S132 - - 2014
This experiment compared 2 long-term controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-based protocols to synchronize estrus before fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in postpartum beef cows. Cows were assigned to treatments by age, BCS, and days postpartum. Cows assigned to the 14- to 19-d CIDR-PGF2α protocol (n = 196) received CIDR inserts (1.38 ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >