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Hiby Susan E SE Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United - - 2014
Human birth weight is subject to stabilizing selection; babies born too small or too large are less likely to survive. Particular combinations of maternal/fetal immune system genes are associated with pregnancies where the babies are ≤5th birth weight centile, specifically an inhibitory maternal KIR AA genotype with a paternally derived ...
Ozawa Naoko N Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, - - 2014
Background: There are reports that the maternal diet during pregnancy may affect development of babies' eczema. We sought to investigate the association between the maternal diet during pregnancy and the risk of eczema in infancy in Japan. Methods: A birth cohort was set up at 2 hospitals in Chiba city. ...
Algeri Paola P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan-Bicocca , Monza , Italy - - 2014
Objective: PTX3, sFlt-1 and PlGF levels in maternal blood are altered in some obstetric diseases, such as preeclampsia (PE). Nonetheless, only few data on their expression in the fetal compartment have been reported so far. Study Design: An observational study was performed by prospectively collecting maternal and fetal serum samples ...
Walsh Jennifer M JM UCD Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To compare maternal characteristics, obstetric outcomes and insulin resistance in a cohort of women subdivided into those who did and those who did not exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain guidelines. This is a prospective study of 621 women without diabetes. Concentrations of glucose, insulin and leptin ...
Diskin M G MG 1 Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Teagasc, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Athenry, Co. Galway. - - 2014
A reproductively efficient beef cow herd is fundamental to meeting the protein and specifically, red meat demand of an ever increasing global population. However, attaining a high level of reproductive efficiency is underpinned by producers being cognisant of and achieving many key targets throughout the production cycle and requires significant ...
Walsh Colin A CA Fetal Medicine Unit, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
To determine the critical maternal antibody threshold for specialist referral in Rh(D) alloimmunisation. A retrospective 16-year cohort study at the national tertiary fetal medicine centre for management of alloimmunisation. Rh(D) alloimmunised pregnancies were extracted from an institutional database and the maternal Anti-D levels cross-checked with the national reference laboratory. Fetal ...
Bittar J H J JH Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of GnRH early postpartum on induction of ovulation, uterine health, and fertility in dairy cows. Holstein cows without a corpus luteum (CL) at 17 ± 3 DIM were assigned randomly to receive i.m. GnRH (n = 245) at 17 ...
Shin Mihwa M Department of Anesthesiology, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the consecutive administration of recombinant thrombomodulin (r-TM) for 4 days improves maternal and fetal conditions and physiological outcomes in an N'-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester hydrochloride-induced and low-dose endotoxin-induced pre-eclampsia (PE). r-TM or saline was administrated i.v. to normal pregnant and experimental PE rats for ...
David Paru S PS Division of Women's Health-Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 13737 N. 92nd St, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA, - - 2014
Migraine headache is a significant health problem affecting women more than men. In women, the hormonal fluctuations seen during pregnancy and lactation can affect migraine frequency and magnitude. Understanding the evaluation of headache in pregnancy is important, especially given the increased risk of secondary headache conditions. Pregnancy and lactation can ...
Karen Aly A Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafrelsheikh, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 150 does of different breeds were used to evaluate the accuracy of transrectal (TRU) and transabdominal ultrasonography (TAU) for pregnancy diagnosis and fetal number estimation and to study the effect of breed and age of goats on the accuracy of ultrasonography. All does were scanned by TRU ...
Vieira L M LM Departamento de Reprodução Animal, FMVZ-USP, São Paulo, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effect of Holstein donor category (cows vs. heifers) and climate variation (hot vs. cooler season) on the efficiency of in vivo embryo production programs as well as embryo survival after transferred to Holstein recipient cows. A total of 1562 multiple ovulation (MO) procedures (cows: n = 609, and ...
Lucy M C MC 1 Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Milk and milk solids production per cow is increasing annually in dairy systems. Peak milk production is in early lactation when the uterus and ovary are recovering from the previous pregnancy. The competing processes of milk production and restoration of reproductive function can be at odds, particularly if unique homeorhetic ...
Fricke P M PM Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1205, - - 2014
Despite the widespread adoption of hormonal synchronization protocols that allow for timed artificial insemination (AI), detection of estrus plays an important role in the reproductive management program on most dairies in the United States. Increased physical activity is a secondary sign of estrus in dairy cattle, and a new generation ...
Cabrera V E VE Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1675 Observatory Drive, Madison WI 53706, - - 2014
The objective of this review paper was to summarise the latest findings in dairy cattle reproductive economics with an emphasis on high yielding, confined total mixed ration systems. The economic gain increases as the reproductive efficiency improves. These increments follow the law of diminishing returns, but are still positive even ...
Rossi Pasquale P Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, Federico II University, Naples, - - 2014
A comprehensive study of the efficiency of synchronization of ovulation and timed artificial insemination (TAI) was undertaken in a large group of Italian Mediterranean buffaloes at a commercial dairy. A total of 2791 synchronization protocols were carried out on 857 animals over 3 years. Of these protocols, 823 (29.5%) did not ...
Cooke R F RF Oregon State University - Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center, Burns, OR - - 2014
The objective of this experiment was to compare fatty acid (FA) concentrations in plasma and reproductive tissues, as well as hormones and expression of genes associated with pregnancy establishment in beef cows supplemented or not with Ca salts of soybean oil (CSSO) beginning after timed-AI. Ninety non-lactating multiparous Nelore (Bos ...
Keshavarzi Farahnaz F Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, - - 2014
Prenatal exposure to maternal anxiety and inappropriate levels of glucocorticoids may influence intrauterine growth and affect later health outcomes. We examined the relationship between maternal anxiety, maternal serum, and fetal cord blood cortisol. Eighty-four pregnant women with gestational age above 37 weeks admitted for elective caesarian section were studied. The ...
Summers A F AF University of Nebraska West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte - - 2014
Post-weaning heifer development systems were evaluated at 2 locations in a 4-yr study for their effect on performance and subsequent adaptation to grazing corn residue as a pregnant heifer. In Exp. 1, heifers were blocked by BW and randomly assigned to graze winter range (WR) or graze winter range and ...
Sood Pankaj P Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur 176 062, Himachal Pradesh, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study investigated the relationship between count and/or viability percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophil(s) (PMN) in genital discharge and pregnancy outcome during 180 estrous periods in 163 normal and repeat breeder. The relationship was also evaluated as a response to AI by three of the most frequently used bulls. The estrous ...
Kimura Koji K Animal Feeding and Management Research Division, NARO Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tochigi 329-2793, - - 2014
The objectives of the present study were to establish a nonsurgical transfer method for elongating bovine conceptuses and to combine this method with biopsy and sexing. Bovine conceptuses were recovered from donor cows on days 13-14 of the estrus cycle. In experiment 1, day 13 conceptuses were transferred to recipient ...
González-Garduño R R Unidad Regional Universitaria Sursureste, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Km 7.5, carretera Teapa-Vicente Guerrero, P.O. Box 29, CP 86800, Teapa, Tabasco, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective was to determine the influence of year, season and age of hair sheep ewes on their susceptibility to gastrointestinal nematodes during pregnancy and lactation and to record the number of treatments within a selective anthelmintic (AH) treatment programme. A trial was performed with 46 grazing ewes kept in ...
Scully S S School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
The aim was to assess the ability of corpus luteum (CL) and uterine ultrasound characteristics on d 18 to 21 to predict pregnancy status in lactating dairy cows. Ultrasound examinations were carried out on cows (n = 164) on d 18 to 21 following artificial insemination (AI). Images of the ...
Phillips A K AK 1] School of Medicine and Public Health, and Meriter Hospital, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Objective:Maternal iron needs increase sixfold during pregnancy, but obesity interferes with iron absorption. We hypothesized that maternal obesity impairs fetal iron status.Study Design:Three hundred and sixteen newborns with risk factors for infantile iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were studied to examine obesity during pregnancy and neonatal iron status. Erythrocyte iron was ...
Figueiredo Bárbara B School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyzes differences between adolescent and adult pregnant women and the contribution of maternal age to maternal adjustment and maternal attitudes during pregnancy. A sample of 398 Portuguese pregnant women (111 younger than 19 years) was recruited in a Portuguese Maternity Hospital and completed the Maternal Adjustment and Maternal Attitudes ...
Hill S L SL Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, - - 2014
We hypothesized that pregnancy outcomes may be improved by inducing luteal regression, ovulation, or both (i.e., altering progesterone status) before initiating a timed-artificial insemination (TAI) program in suckled beef cows. This hypothesis was tested in two experiments in which cows were treated with either PGF2α (PG) or PG + GnRH before initiating ...
Desai Mina M Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatal Research Laboratories Torrance, CA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We determined the potential programming effects of maternal obesity and high fat (HF) diet during pregnancy and/or lactation on offspring metabolic syndrome. A rat model of maternal obesity was created using a HF diet prior to and throughout pregnancy and lactation. At birth, pups were cross fostered thereby generating four ...
Goff K J KJ Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2014
Rapid rebreeding of winter- and spring-lambing ewes is essential if ewes are to lamb more than once per year, but fertility of lactating ewes is often low and early weaning of lambs may be undesirable in forage-based production systems. Selection to improve fertility in spring matings has been successful and ...
Tian Xi - - 2014
Zinc is an essential nutrient for optimal fertility, but the effects of preconception zinc deficiency on postimplantation development are not known. Female mice were fed a control or a zinc deficient diet (ZDD) for 4-5 days before ovulation (preconception). Embryonic and/or placental development were evaluated on Days 3.5, 6.5, 10.5, ...
Sanhueza Jm J a EpiCentre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University , Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4412 , New - - 2014
Abstract AIMS: Campylobacter fetus subspecies venerealis (C. fetus venerealis) is the causal agent of bovine genital campylobacteriosis, a venereal disease that is asymptomatic in bulls but responsible for reproductive wastage in female cattle. In New Zealand, a commercial real-time PCR assay was introduced in 2007 to identify the DNA of ...
Haddow James E JE Women and Infants Hospital and Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, - - 2014
Context: Lower birthweight has been reported in conjunction with high maternal free thyroxine (FT4) in euthyroid pregnancies, raising concerns for suboptimal outcomes. Objective: Explore relationships between high maternal FT4 and pregnancy complications in euthyroid women. Further examine relationships among maternal size, FT4 and birthweight. Design: Observational multicenter cohort study. Setting: ...
Agampodi Suneth - - 2014
The recently published WHO guidelines on applications of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium (ICD-MM) aimed at enabling a comprehensive framework for international comparison of maternal deaths, which includes maternal suicides as a direct cause of maternal deaths. At present, most developing countries do not include suicide ...
Roberts Victoria H J VH *Division of Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism and †Division of Reproductive and Developmental Science, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Beaverton, Oregon - - 2014
Resveratrol has been proposed as a potential therapeutic to improve metabolic health during pregnancy, yet little is known about the fetal effects of this maternal dietary supplement. We hypothesized that when administered to pregnant nonhuman primates (NHPs), resveratrol would increase uterine blood flow and mitigate the harmful consequences of maternal ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2014
A recent meta-analysis showed no relationships between light to moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the risk of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), or small-for-gestational-age (SGA). Here, we present the first epidemiological study on this topic in Japan. Study subjects were 1565 Japanese mothers with singleton pregnancies and ...
Zhou Yuanyuan Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Genome and Precision Medicine Technologies, CAS Key Laboratory of Genome Sciences and Information, Beijing, - - 2014
An organ unique to mammals, the mammary gland develops 90% of its mass after birth and experiences the pregnancylactation-involution cycle (PL cycle) during reproduction. To understand mammogenesis at the transcriptomic level and using a ribo-minus RNA-seq protocol, we acquired greater than 50 million reads each for the mouse mammary gland ...
Mørkrid K K Department of Endocrinology, Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
The aim of this population-based study was to assess the association between objectively recorded physical activity (PA) in early gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) identified at 28 weeks of gestation in a multi-ethnic cohort of healthy pregnant women in Oslo, Norway. In total, 759 women were included. In early ...
Karen Aly A MTA-SZIE Large Animal Clinical Research Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Üllő-Dóra Major, 2225, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship of progesterone (P4), bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (bPAG-1) and nitric oxide (NO) levels with late embryonic (LEM; day 28 to day 42) and early fetal mortalities (EFM; > day 42 to day 56) in dairy cows. Transrectal ultrasonography (6-8 MHz) was ...
Cauffman G G Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
The arrangement of the blastomeres within the 4-cell stage embryo reflects the orientation of the cleavage planes during the second division. To examine their relevance, the developmental capacity and the pregnancy rate were compared between tetrahedral-shaped and non-tetrahedral-shaped 4-cell stage human embryos. The study included 3,546 4-cell stage embryos. The ...
Thomas J M JM Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia - - 2014
This experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that delayed insemination of nonestrous cows would increase pregnancy rates when using sex-sorted semen in conjunction with fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Estrus was synchronized for 656 suckled beef cows with the 7-d CO-Synch + controlled internal drug release (CIDR) protocol (100 μg ...
Martin N T NT Division of Animal Science, S132 - - 2014
This experiment compared 2 long-term controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-based protocols to synchronize estrus before fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in postpartum beef cows. Cows were assigned to treatments by age, BCS, and days postpartum. Cows assigned to the 14- to 19-d CIDR-PGF2α protocol (n = 196) received CIDR inserts (1.38 ...
Abreu F M FM Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
The effect of age of the ovulatory follicle on fertility in beef cows was investigated. Multiparous (n = 171) and primiparous (n = 129) postpartum beef cows in 2 groups (G1 and G2) received estradiol benzoate (EB; 1mg/500kg BW, i.m.) 5.5 d (G1; n = 162) and 6.5 d (G2; ...
Jeong Yeon Woo YW Sooam Biotech Research Foundation, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Theriogenology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Using in vivo-flushed oocytes from a homogenous dog population and subsequent embryo transfer after nuclear transfer, we studied the effects of donor cells collected from 10 different breeds on cloning efficiency and perinatal development of resulted cloned puppies. The breeds were categorized into four groups according to their body weight: small ...
Lawlor Frances - - 2014
Urticaria is part of the management of pregnancy, labor, delivery, and the puerperium in some women. The urticaria can be acute, chronic, or physical, presenting with whealing, angioedema, or both. Contact urticaria can occur. Acquired angioedema, usually with urticaria, must be differentiated from hereditary angioedema. An approach to management of ...
Bowler Thea T Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mater Services, Brisbane, - - 2014
Fetal scalp lactate has been shown to be as effective as scalp pH in predicting fetal outcomes. However, there is limited clinical evidence to demonstrate a strong correlation with fetal acidaemia at birth. To compare the diagnostic accuracy of fetal scalp lactate and umbilical cord arterial blood gas values sampling, ...
Mendes-da-Silva Cristiano C Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, SantosSP, Brazil, Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos SP, - - 2014
The maternal exposure to high fat diet (HFD) during pregnancy and breastfeeding have been considered an important inducer of alterations in offspring normal programming, both in animals and humans, and may disturb brain development. In the present study we investigated the somatic and sensory-motor development of the offspring from rat ...
Guemra Samuel S Central Avançada de Biotecnologia da Reprodução Animal (CENABRA), Agropecuária Laffranchi, Tamarana, Paraná, Brazil; Escola de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Norte do Paraná, Arapongas, Paraná, - - 2014
Ovum pick up (OPU) associated with in vitro production (IVP) of embryos has been shown as an important tool in cattle breeding to increase the number of descendants from animals of high genetic value. In herds maintained distant from the laboratory, collecting cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and transporting them to the laboratory ...
Waldvogel D D Unit of Large Animal Reproduction, Clinic for Reproductive Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
The maternal portion of the bovine placenta receives blood mainly from the uterine arteries (AUT) and the fetal portion from the umbilical arteries (AUM). Placental perfusion is crucial for fetal development and undergoes adaptive changes during pregnancy according to the fetal requirements. One goal of this study was to investigate ...
Löf E E Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Ruminant Medicine and Veterinary Epidemiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7054, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden; Swedish Dairy Association, PO Box 210, SE-101 24 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to study factors affecting a reproductive performance indicator at the cow level adjusted for herd management strategy. Associations between the outcome variable, pregnant or not at the herd voluntary waiting period (VWP) plus 30 d (pregnant at VWP+30), and the predictor variables were analyzed ...
Karakaya E E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Uludag, Bursa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) after timed AI with sex-sorted sperm (SS) or conventional semen (CS) in lactating dairy cows. Cyclic cows (n = 302) were synchronized by Ovsynch and randomly assigned into two groups at the time of AI. Cows with a follicle ...
Candappa Ivanka B - - 2014
A major limitation in the application of assisted reproductive technologies in sheep arises from the inability to easily traverse the uterine cervix. The cervix of the non-pregnant ewe is a narrow and rigid structure, with 5-7 spiral folds and crypts that block its lumen. The first two folds closest to ...
Andersen Stine Linding SL Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, - - 2014
Lack of maternal thyroid hormones during fetal brain development may lead to structural abnormalities in the brain. We hypothesized that maternal hypothyroidism during the pregnancy could program the fetus to development of psychiatric disease later in life. Danish nationwide register study. Singletons live-born 1980-1990. Cox proportional hazards model was used ...
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