Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1272
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Sucu M Murat - - 2008
A 36-year-old pregnant woman (20 weeks) was admitted to the coronary care unit because of ventricular tachycardia (VT). 12-Lead electrocardiogram showed a monomorphic regular wide QRS tachycardia with a ventricular rate of 220 beats/min and left bundle branch block morphology. Her electrocardiogram after the termination of the tachycardia returned to ...
Song Young Bin - - 2008
Pregnancy outcomes in patients with congenital heart disease have not been fully assessed in Korea. Forty-nine pregnancies that occurred in 34 women with congenital heart disease who registered at our hospital between September 1995 and April 2006 were reviewed. Spontaneous abortions occurred in two pregnancies at 6+1 and 7 weeks, ...
Lin Chia-Hui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response occurring during pregnancy. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 1, abortus 1, with a history of persistent supraventricular arrhythmia, presented at 22 weeks' gestation. After adenosine administration, electrocardiography revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response. The ...
Siddiqui Khalid M - - 2008
Cardiac disease can be encountered during pregnancy with the frequency being 1% to 2% of all pregnant women. Because of the high foetal and relative maternal mortality during surgery, medical management is the first line of treatment. Nevertheless, when medical treatment fails, cardiac surgery becomes necessary. We present the anaesthetic ...
Kuczkowski K M - - 2008
Cardiac arrhythmias are more common in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women. In the asymptomatic pregnant patient with a stable fetus, watchful waiting might be the best strategy. Herein, we describe the first reported case of a pregnant patient who developed cyclic supraventricular tachycardia during labor. No treatment was prescribed, ...
Van Leeuwen Peter - - 2008
We present a case of supraventricular tachycardia affecting one fetus in a twin pregnancy. Before and after treatment with flecainide and cardioversion, we examined conduction times and heart rate variability (HRV) in both twins on the basis of magnetocardiography. Cardiac conduction times increased in both fetuses but HRV showed opposing ...
Li Man - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the referral indications for fetal echocardiography (FE) in a tertiary center and to determine which indications were significantly associated with prenatal detection of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: The medical records of 1425 consecutive women who underwent second- and third-trimester FE at the ...
Habli Mounira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the prognostic value of ejection fraction (EF) at index and subsequent pregnancy on long-term outcome in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). STUDY DESIGN: Seventy PPCM patients met inclusion criteria. Patients had echocardiography evaluations at the index pregnancy, at interval follow-up (F/U) ...
Baruteau A-E - - 2009
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disorder, with four principal features: 1--development of cardiac heart failure in the last month of pregnancy or within five months after delivery, 2--absence of an identifiable cause for heart failure, 3--absence of underlying heart disease prior to the last month of pregnancy, 4--evidence of ...
Hata Toshiyuki - - 2008
The purpose of this report is to describe the real-time three-dimensional (3D) color Doppler fetal echocardiographic findings of congenital heart diseases. Two cases of fetal congenital heart disease were diagnosed antenatally by conventional two-dimensional fetal echocardiography and real-time 3D color Doppler fetal echocardiography. Conventional two-dimensional (2D) fetal echocardiography showed a ...
Lowery Curtis L CL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2008
The world's first magnetoencephalography (MEG) system specifically designed for fetal and newborn assessment has been installed at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. This noninvasive system called SARA (SQUID Array for Reproductive Assessment) consists of 151 primary superconducting sensors that detect biomagnetic fields from the human body. Since the ...
Brezina Paul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a cardiac condition associated with the acute onset of chest pain, abnormalities in cardiac enzymes and electrocardiogram, and a distinct pattern of left ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography. This case evaluates an obstetric patient diagnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy during her 23rd week of pregnancy. CASE: A woman ...
Chue Colin D - - 2009
We describe the first reported case of infected thrombus compression of the right ventricular outflow tract in a Rastelli patient as a complication of pregnancy. This case emphasizes the importance of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography in the assessment of patients with adult congenital heart disease prior to and ...
Tan Wei Ching - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited multisystem disorder of the elastic tissue and the objective of this case report is to correlate ultrasonographic and histological appearances of placental calcification in PXE. CLINICAL PICTURE: We report a case of a 37-year-old white woman with PXE, whose antenatal imaging showed a ...
Subbiah Rajesh N - - 2008
Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) is characterized by ventricular arrhythmias, hypokalemic periodic paralysis and developmental anomalies. It is caused by mutations in the KCNJ2 gene that encodes for the alpha-subunit of Kir2.1, a K(+) channel responsible for cardiac repolarization. Providing effective therapy to reduce arrhythmia burden and risk of sudden death is ...
Pedersen Lia M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgical results after repair of tetralogy of Fallot have remained excellent for the last decades, with current long-term rates of survival over 95%. Since functional capacity, quality of life, and social interactions are basically normal in this large group of patients, pregnancy obviously becomes a relevant issue for the ...
Sasaki R - - 2008
Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are rare in the oral and maxillofacial regions. We report a case of a mandibular gingival AVM in a pregnant woman, who presented at 35 weeks' gestation with massive pulsatile bleeding from a mass in the mandibular gingival margin, which could be managed by local compression and ...
Nqayana T T Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South - - 2008
This study was a retrospective review of patient charts of a relatively large number of patients with cardiac disease in pregnancy in a developing country. Ninety-five patients were evaluated; the majority (n = 36) were in the age group 21-25 years. Rheumatic heart disease was the commonest aetiology; eight women ...
Uebing Anselm - - 2008
Pregnancy, birth, and the puerperium are associated with significant physiological changes and adaptations in the cardiovascular system, which pose a significant risk to pregnant women with congenital heart disease (CHD). Thanks to advances in pediatric cardiac surgery and cardiology the majority of children with CHD survive to adulthood, and an ...
Wasim Tayyiba - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: To study the prevalence of cardiac disease in pregnancy and to assess the foetomaternal outcomes. METHODS: It was a 5 year descriptive study. All pregnant females with a known or newly diagnosed congenital or acquired cardiac lesion on echo cardiography were included in the study. RESULTS: There were 17,056 ...
Fedson Savitri E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is associated with poorer outcomes in cardiac transplantation. The clinical diagnosis of AMR has been confirmed by immunofluorescence for C4d on fresh-frozen cardiac tissue. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been suggested as a more practical diagnostic tool because it can be performed on routine paraffin-embedded tissue. There are ...
Manning Nicky - - 2008
The risk for a cardiac anomaly in a twin pregnancy is increased, particularly in monochorionic twins. This is relevant in terms of fetal diagnosis as well as for the management of the pregnancy; there are also implications for the neonatal period and possibly beyond. The risk for a cardiac abnormality ...
Tzemos Nikolaos - - 2008
The combination of fixed outflow obstruction from aortic stenosis (AS) and the hemodynamic changes of pregnancy increased the risk of maternal or fetal deterioration. Left ventricular (LV) response in patients with AS to the hemodynamic changes of pregnancy has not been examined. We studied and compared myocardial mechanics with echocardiography ...
Grandi Eleonora - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In hypotension-prone patients, conventional bicarbonate dialysis (BD) causes a reduced cardiovascular tolerance to the treatment with respect to acetate-free biofiltration (AFB). One possible explanation is an overproduction of endogenous NO (nitric oxide) due to the residual quote of acetate (4 mM) in the BD dialysate formulation. NO overload might ...
Hung Jeng Hsiu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study the association between fetal cardiac defects and the presence of abnormal blood flow resistance of the ductus venosus during the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 72 pregnancies with fetal cardiac anomalies and 267 normal pregnancies. In fetuses with cardiac anomalies, Doppler velocimetry ...
De Paco Catalina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal cardiac output in the first trimester as a predictor of preeclampsia and delivery of small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: In women attending for routine care between 11(+0) and 13(+6) weeks of gestation, we recorded maternal variables and measured cardiac output by echocardiography. We compared ...
Gupta Nupur - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal dominant disorder of hamartoma formation that can manifest as cardiac or central nervous system lesions and adversely affect maternal and fetal outcome. CASE REPORT: We report a case of maternal tuberous sclerosis with fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma detected in utero at 26 weeks gestation. CONCLUSION: ...
Peled Yoav - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Correct prenatal determination of the fetal right/left axis is essential for the diagnosis of fetal malformations, in particular congenital heart anomalies. A reliable method of transabdominal echocardiographic assessment of the fetal situs in the late second trimester was established. We aimed to determine the validity of the transvaginal approach ...
Fesslova' Vlasta M E - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Study of outcomes of pregnancy in women with congenital heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cardiac state during and after pregnancy was analysed in 173 women (mean age 28 years, range 21-41) referred for fetal echocardiography and evaluation of maternal heart during 201 pregnancies. Acyanotic lesions were present in ...
Schiermeier Sven - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Magnetocardiography and M-mode fetal echocardiography are non-invasive techniques capable of identifying fetal arrhythmias. The STAN-fetal scalp electrode system can record the fetal echocardiogram in labor. CASE: A patient was admitted to hospital with preterm contractions and cervical insufficiency at 28 weeks of gestation. After treatment with a beta-sympathomimetic drug ...
Mongiovì Maurizio - - 2008
The normal fetal cardiac rhythm is characterized by a regular heart rate ranging between 100 and 160 -180 beats/min with a normal 1: 1 atrioventricular electromechanical relationship during each cardiac cycle. Fetal tachycardia occurring in approximately 0.5% of all pregnancies and it is an important cause of fetal morbidity and ...
Patel Anish - - 2008
Cardiovascular adaptations during pregnancy are normally well tolerated in healthy women. However, 2% to 4% of women of childbearing age have some degree of concomitant heart disease, and these changes may compromise cardiac function. Of these, a few who do not respond to medical treatment may require surgical correction. In ...
Baysal Kemal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A diagnosis of myocardial dystrophic calcification, a rare cause of fetal cardiac masses, is presented. METHODS: The fetal echocardiography of a 26-year-old pregnant woman who was referred to the Pediatric Cardiology Department at 20 weeks' gestation revealed an echogenic mass in the post wall of the left ventricle. RESULTS: ...
Cebesoy F B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate and speculate on the dietary habits and certain environmental factors of the Southeast Anatolia region which are thought to be related with fetal anomaly development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients admitted to Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Department with fetal anomalies between ...
Yeu B K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of an abnormal fetal cardiac scan on the management of the pregnancy and the outcome of the newborn. METHODS: We reviewed all pregnancies that were referred to the Fetal Cardiac Unit for assessment to determine if the finding of a cardiac abnormality influenced the pregnancy ...
Gruenewald Matthias - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring cardiac output (CO) may allow early detection of haemodynamic instability, aiming to reduce morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Continuous cardiac output (CCO) monitoring is recommended in septic or postoperative patients with high incidences of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). The aim of the present study was to compare ...
Seungdamrong Aimee - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive value of fetal cardiac activity (FCA), measured at 6 weeks' gestation, on first-trimester pregnancy success after IVF. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based reproductive endocrinology and infertility practice. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-nine women, without a history of recurrent miscarriage, who were undergoing fresh IVF cycles ...
Ferrannini M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is uncommon in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and it carries a high risk of fetal and maternal complications. Several reports have shown that application of an intensive dialysis regimen is associated with improved infant survival and better clinical conditions of the mother. METHODS: We report the case ...
Chee K H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an uncommon form of congestive heart failure, afflicting obstetric patients around the time of delivery. The epidemiology of PPCM is infrequently reported. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no report from Asia. OBJECTIVE: To define the prevalence, presentation and outcome of PPCM ...
Schmitz R - - 2007
Initial diagnosis of a fetal hemangioendothelioma of the liver was made at 28 + 1 weeks of gestation. Due to the growth of the liver tumor and increasing fetal cardiac load, 4 mg dexamethasone were administered daily from 32 + 3 to 36 + 6 weeks of gestation. With this ...
Harris Nigel K - - 2007
The load that maximizes mechanical power output (Pmax) has received considerable research attention owing to its perceived importance to training prescription. However, it may be that identifying Pmax is of little importance if the difference in power output about Pmax is insubstantial. Additionally, comparing the effect of load on power ...
Srivathsan Komandoor - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Junctional tachycardia (JT) and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can be difficult to differentiate. Yet, the two arrhythmias require distinct diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. We explored the utility of the delta H-A interval as a novel technique to differentiate these two tachycardias. METHODS: We included 35 patients undergoing electrophysiology ...
Emery Stephen P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cardiac interventions (PCI) for human fetal aortic valve (AoV) stenosis can reduce left ventricular hypoplasia and restore ventricular growth and function. However, 'freehand' needle delivery from the maternal skin through the uterine wall, fetal chest and ventricular apex to cross the fetal AoV remains technically challenging and time ...
Kaur A - - 2007
We report a case of transmural echogenic atria diagnosed in a fetus at 22 weeks' gestation. Fetal echocardiography showed echogenicity of the right and left atrial free walls, septum secundum, and atrial appendages. Postnatal echocardiography at birth showed borderline echogenicity with absence of echogenicity on follow-up echocardiography. The differential diagnosis, ...
Johnson Blair - - 2007
Fetal echocardiography remains the mainstay for diagnosis in those pregnancies identified to be at risk for congenital heart disease (CHD). Prenatal diagnosis of CHD remains essential to provide families with thorough pregnancy options as well as allow for transfer to facilities experienced in the management of pediatric cardiac disease in ...
Karamermer Yusuf - - 2007
Increasing numbers of women with complex congenital heart disease are reaching childbearing age. Pregnancy is a major issue in the management of adult congenital heart disease. Cardiac disease is one of the most common causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Complications, such as growth retardation, preterm and premature birth and ...
Huarcaya Erick - - 2007
Bartonellosis (Carrion's Disease) during pregnancy is associated with high rates of maternal and perinatal mortality. We report the immunological patterns in two cases of human bartonellosis during pregnancy. One patient had an uncomplicated course while the second patient developed life threatening anasarca and cardiac tamponade. The patient with a complicated ...
Drenthen Willem - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate outcome of pregnancy and fertility in women with double outlet right ventricle (DORV). METHODS: Using 2 congenital heart disease registries, 21 female patients with DORV (aged 18-39 years) were retrospectively identified. Detailed recordings of each patient and their completed (>20 weeks gestation) pregnancies were recorded. RESULTS: Overall, ...
Kron Jordana - - 2007
Maternal arrhythmias during pregnancy may jeopardize the health of both mother and fetus. The correct identification of the arrhythmia is critical in the pregnant patient. Treatment should be reserved for arrhythmias that are hemodynamically unstable or cause debilitating symptoms. When medications are deemed necessary, the physician should use as few ...
Williams Jeffrey G - - 2007
We examined the ability of cardiac endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to couple myocardial oxygen consumption (MVo(2)) and oxygen delivery during pregnancy. Awake dogs were studied using echocardiography before and at 40 days, 50 days, and 60 days (60D) of pregnancy and at approximately 14 days postpartum. Left ventricular eNOS, ...
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