Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1272
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Prsa Milan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a survey to determine which management options pediatric cardiologists and cardiac surgeons in North America discuss and recommend when counseling parents after the diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: Pediatric cardiologists and cardiac surgeons across North America were asked to complete an anonymous, Internet-based survey ...
Dijkman A - - 2010
Management of cardiac arrest in pregnancy is recommended to include perimortem caesarean section (PMCS) in the Managing Obstetric Emergencies and Trauma (MOET) course. In this study, we aimed to assess maternal and neonatal outcome of all cases of PMCS in the Netherlands performed in the last 15 years, and to ...
Sekhavat S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefit of second-trimester fetal echocardiography for women with diabetes whose fetuses had no obvious heart disease on a detailed anatomic survey performed at skilled, high-volume obstetric centers, and to investigate the technical limitations of fetal echocardiography in this patient population. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive ...
Boudjemline Younes - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The results from preliminary studies on fetal pacing preclude an application to the human fetus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of acute fetal cardiac pacing following ultrasound-guided epicardial anchorage of a new pacing lead dedicated to the fetal heart. METHODS: In 12 pregnant ewes, ...
Wang Jingying - - 2010
Maternal obesity in pregnancy predisposes offspring to insulin resistance and associated cardiovascular disease. Here, we used a well-established sheep model to investigate the effects of maternal obesity on cardiac functions. Multiparous ewes were assigned to a control (CON) diet [100% of National Research Council (NRC) recommendations] or an obesogenic (OB) ...
Borgatta Lynn - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Induced fetal demise by intraamniotic injection of digoxin is an alternative to methods using intracardiac or umbilical vein injection. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of intraamniotic injection and the timing of fetal demise after injection. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two women had ultrasonic fetal cardiac assessments 1, 2, ...
Stirnemann J J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Cardiomyopathy in the recipient twin is a marker of severity in twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), making it a potentially valuable tool for staging the disease. This study aimed to provide a quantitative description of cardiac function in the recipient twin. METHODS: Consecutive monochorionic pregnancies complicated with TTTS and treated ...
Feng Yu - - 2010
Although recent studies have demonstrated prenatal nicotine can increase cardiovascular risk in the offspring, it is unknown whether exposure to nicotine during pregnancy also may be a risk for development of arrhythmia in the offspring. In addition, in previous studies of fetal arrhythmia affected by smoking, only two patterns, bradycardia ...
Carta G - - 2010
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital disorder of unknown etiology characterized by venous malformations or varicose veins, cutaneous capillary malformation and hypertrophy of soft tissues with limb (usually asymmetric lower extremity) involvement. Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is characterized by rapid onset heart failure during the final month of pregnancy or ...
Grewal Jasmine - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine adverse outcomes during pregnancy in women with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and to compare their cardiac outcomes with those of nonpregnant women with DCM. BACKGROUND: Women with DCM are at risk for complications during pregnancy, but few studies have examined outcomes in ...
Kohl Thomas - - 2010
Hypoplasia of cardiovascular structures is a common finding in fetuses with cardiac malformations. Materno-fetal hyperoxygenation (HO) during late gestation promotes venous return to the fetal heart. This analysis in human fetuses sought to define whether this "loading" effect might improve hypoplastic cardiovascular dimensions. Fifteen late-gestation fetuses presented with varying degrees ...
Barth William H WH - - 2009
The need for cardiac surgery during pregnancy is rare. Only 1% to 4% of pregnancies are complicated by maternal cardiac disease and most of these can be managed with medical therapy and lifestyle changes. On occasion, whether owing to natural progression of the underlying cardiac disease or precipitated by the ...
Newstead-Angel Jill - - 2009
Morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease is increasing in pregnancy. The physiologic changes of normal pregnancy serve as a 'stress test' on the cardiovascular system. This may lead to the unmasking of a latent underlying cardiac condition or the new onset of maternal cardiovascular disease, with an attendant increase ...
Bai W - - 2010
Hemodynamic changes during pregnancy can result in cardiovascular decompensation in women with pre-existing cardiac diseases. Despite optimized medical treatment, some patients with severe structural cardiac abnormalities may need surgical intervention during pregnancy. We describe a woman who presented at 20 weeks of gestation with acute heart failure due to cor ...
Kov??cs F - - 2009
The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the capability of fetal phonocardiographic measurements to indicate some congenital heart defects. It deals with the results of investigations carried out during the last four years involving 820 pregnant women. During the investigations fetal cardiac murmurs presenting typical waveforms and incidences ...
Bergman G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if anti-Ro/SSA antibody-exposed fetuses with prolonged atrioventricular (AV) time intervals also have prolongation of the isovolumetric contraction time (ICT). METHODS: Seventy-eight anti-Ro/SSA (including 70 anti-Ro52) antibody-exposed fetuses at risk for congenital heart block (CHB) were followed weekly, between 18 and 24 weeks of gestation, with two Doppler ...
Llanos Carolina C New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, - - 2009
Identifying the frequency of recurrent cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (NL) in a second child is critical to understanding the pathogenesis of anti-SSA/Ro-mediated injury and would improve counseling strategies regarding future pregnancies and power the design of clinical prevention trials. Accordingly, this study was undertaken to address the recurrence rates ...
Sindjelic Radomir - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of cardiac myxoma in a woman at term pregnancy is extremely rare. Prompt surgical removal of the tumor is generally advised because of the high risk of potentially fatal complications. On the other hand, cardiac surgery during pregnancy is a delicate procedure which carries a significantly increased ...
Merlob Paul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been suspected of cardiac teratogenicity, but reports have been inconsistent. Our aim was to investigate the rate of nonsyndromic congenital heart defects in newborns exposed in utero to SSRIs compared with unexposed controls. METHODS: This prospective study of women who gave birth at ...
Sharony Reuven - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although the comprehensive evaluation of the fetal heart includes echocardiography by an experienced pediatric cardiologist, economic constraints sometimes dictate the need to select patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the usefulness of fetal echocardiography in the detection of congenital heart disease according to the referral indication. METHODS: This retrospective survey relates ...
Kanjwal Khalil - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) occurs more commonly in women than in men and often affects women of childbearing age. Many of these women wish to have children, yet there are little reported data on the outcomes of pregnancy in patients with POTS. To date there has been one ...
Aggarwal Neelam - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and perinatal outcome in congenital heart disease (CHD) and to compare outcome between cyanotic and acyanotic CHD. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of 196 cases of CHD was undertaken, and maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancy was compared in cyanotic and acyanotic cases and between surgically corrected ...
Virgen-Ortiz Adolfo - - 2009
We evaluated changes in passive mechanical properties in cardiac tissues during rat pregnancy. Left and right ventricular free walls were dissected from hearts of nonpregnant, late-pregnant, and postpartum rats. Mechanical experiments in ventricular strips were done by stretch-release cycles using a step motor. The results show that during pregnancy, there ...
McDonnell N J - - 2009
Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare event in which the speed of the response and attention to a number of pregnancy-specific interventions is crucial to the outcome. The commencement of a perimortem Caesarean delivery within 4 min of the onset of the arrest has been recommended as a technique ...
Ojala Tiina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic over activity has been suggested to impact on the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The origin of abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system is unknown, but it is susceptible to environmental influences during the critical periods of human development. AIMS: To examine the influence of maternal characteristics on fetal ...
Bennasar M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential value of early fetal echocardiography (EFE) by means of four-dimensional (4D) spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) technology for either reassurance of normality or prenatal diagnosis of major congenital heart defects (CHDs). METHODS: Sixty-nine pregnant women from 11 to 15 weeks' gestation underwent EFE. 4D-STIC volumes were ...
Chen Chia-Hsiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Improvements in equipment and diagnostic skills mean that more abnormalities can now be detected antenatally, thus increasing the demand for pregnancy termination at later stages of gestation. Potassium chloride injected into the fetal circulation is the most frequently used procedure. In this study, we propose a new method of ...
Starikov Roman S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of fetal echocardiography (FE) after normal fetal cardiac imaging findings during detailed fetal anatomic ultrasonography (FAU). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort review of obstetric ultrasonographic studies from November 2001 through July 2005. We identified women with a singleton ...
Kager Catharina C M - - 2009
AIMS: To compose a normogram regarding cardiac output during pregnancy measured with ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM), a non-expensive simple continuous wave Doppler device and to investigate if this machine could be useful for haemodynamic monitoring during pregnancy. METHODS: Cardiac output was measured in 172 pregnant women with a gestational ...
Rudolph A M - - 2010
After birth, gas exchange is achieved in the lung, whereas prenatally it occurs in the placenta. This is associated with differences in blood flow patterns in the fetus as compared with the postnatal circulation. Congenital cardiovascular malformations are associated with haemodynamic changes in the fetus, which differ from those occurring ...
Chaubal Nitin G - - 2009
USG performed with a high-end machine, using a good cine-loop facility is extremely helpful in the diagnosis of fetal cardiac anomalies. In fetal echocardiography, the four-chamber view and the outflow-tract view are used to diagnose cardiac anomalies. The most important objective during a targeted anomaly scan is to identify those ...
Ou Tsong-Yih - - 2009
Bacterial endocarditis in pregnancy causes maternal and fetal mortality rates of 22.1% and 14.7%, respectively. The mortality rates differ according to the involved valves, and the size of vegetation has a prognostic correlation. This report is of a pregnant woman with an unrepaired ventricular septal defect and pulmonary valve endocarditis ...
Funeshima-Fuji Naoko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that pregnancy-related hormones play a critical role in mediating selective immune tolerance during pregnancy. An understanding of why a woman's body normally does not reject the fetus is highly relevant to the prevention of transplant rejection. METHODS: The hearts of female inbred F344 rats (RT-1(lvl)) ...
Comani Silvia - - 2009
Fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) has been shown to augment fetal ultrasound evaluation for high-risk conditions, but the clinical utility of fMCG depends on the reliability of the cardiac traces reconstructed. We performed a methodological study to examine the influence of gestational age on the properties of the fetal magnetocardiograms extracted with ...
Krishnamoorthy Suresh - - 2010
Atrial septal defect (ASD) accounts for approximately a third of all congenital heart disease in adults. It is rarely diagnosed and less likely to cause any symptoms during infancy, but approximately more than half become symptomatic around their fifth decade. In clinical setting it commonly presents as exertional dyspnoea, atrial ...
Wang Mary - - 2009
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a dilated cardiomyopathy defined as systolic cardiac heart failure in the last month of pregnancy or within five months of delivery. PPCM, which affects thousands of women each year in the US, was first described in the 1800s, yet its etiology is still unclear. Its diagnosis ...
Goli Anil K - - 2009
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardias, which occur in patients without structural heart disease, are a common entity, representing up to 10% of all ventricular tachycardias evaluated by cardiac electrophysiology services. Pregnancy can increase the incidence of various cardiac arrhythmias. Factors that can potentially promote arrhythmias in pregnancy include the effects of hormones, ...
Campbell Tabitha A - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary arrest in pregnancy is rare occurring in 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. When it does occur, it is important for a clinician to be familiar with the features peculiar to the pregnant state. Knowledge of the anatomic and physiologic changes of pregnancy is helpful in the treatment and diagnosis. Although ...
Calışkan Eray E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, - - 2009
To investigate the mothers' anxiety levels and determine its effect on fetomaternal circulation in pregnant women undergoing genetic amniocentesis. A prospective case-control study was conducted regarding the assessment of maternal anxiety levels by means of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in 60 pregnant women having genetic amniocentesis and 60 control ...
Goussous Tareq - - 2009
High-output cardiac failure secondary to hepatic involvement is a rare complication of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Here we report a 43-year-old woman who presented at 29 weeks gestation of her second pregnancy with complications of right-sided heart failure and preterm labor. After delivery via cesarean section, the patient was found ...
Bajoria Rekha - - 2009
Expectation to have a family is an important aspiration for a better quality of life for the adults with thalassaemia syndrome. Spontaneous fertility can occur in well chelated and transfused patients but majority are infertile due to hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) and need assisted reproductive techniques (ART). We report our experience ...
Bosch M G E - - 2008
Two women, aged 27, presented with different symptoms shortly after giving birth to their first child. Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) was diagnosed. PPCM is a rare form of cardiac failure occurring late in pregnancy or in the postpartum period. Many women experience dyspnoea, fatigue, and pedal oedema in the last month ...
Meregalli P G - - 2008
Patients with congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) are at increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias during stressful situations. Large-scale studies have pointed out that affected individuals are particularly at risk in the period following pregnancy (post-partum). This is recognised especially for women with an LQTS type 2. Here, we describe two cases ...
Chanthasenanont Athita - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish the normal fetal cardiac measurement from 16 to 39 weeks' gestation in Thai fetuses. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Four hundred and eighty normal singleton pregnant women were recruited into the present study. The sonographic measurements were obtained from axial scans at the level of the four-chamber view. RESULTS: ...
Turan O M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal cardiac adaptation in the first trimester of pregnancy with increasing maternal parity. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at the antenatal clinic of a teaching hospital. We examined 4689 pregnant women at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation, performing two-dimensional ...
Khoo Nee Scze - - 2008
AIMS: To report on the efficiency of fetal echocardiography, outcome after prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and the effectiveness of South Australia's obstetric screening program in detecting CHD. METHODS: A retrospective audit of our institutional cardiac database, the South Australia Birth Defects Register and the South Australia Pregnancy ...
Nelissen E C M - - 2009
A primigravid woman suffered a prolonged cardiac arrest at 18 weeks of gestation. Dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy was diagnosed. After recovery, the patient received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. At 38 weeks of gestation she had an elective caesarean delivery. Both mother and child had a favourable outcome. The effect of pregnancy on ...
Li Jian-Ming - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmias are reported during pregnancy, although hospitalization for these infrequent events is not fully characterized. The frequency and outcome of arrhythmias during pregnancy are unknown. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2000, there were 136,422 pregnancy-related admissions to Parkland Memorial Hospital (Dallas, TX, USA). Using the discharge diagnosis data bank and ...
Ford Abigail A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate contemporary perinatal and cardiac outcomes of pregnancies in women with major structural congenital heart disease. METHODS: Obstetric, neonatal, and cardiac outcomes were abstracted retrospectively from medical records of all women with congenital cardiac disease delivering at our institution from 2000-2007 and compared by type of structural defect. ...
Weiner Zeev - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the implications of early fetal cardiac scanning immediately following an abnormal nuchal translucency (NT) examination. METHODS: Fetal cardiac scanning was performed immediately after an increased NT was observed. Scans were performed transvaginally at 11 to 14 weeks. Fetal echocardiography was repeated between 14 and 24 weeks in ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >