Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1246
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Mamun Abdullah A - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity. However, little is known about whether maternal smoking in pregnancy predicts other offspring cardiovascular risk factors including waist circumference (WC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), pulse rate (PR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). We studied a sub-sample of 2038 (50% males) young ...
Hutson Janine R - - 2012
During pregnancy, the demand for folic acid increases since the fetus requires this nutrient for its rapid growth and cell proliferation. The placenta concentrates folic acid into the fetal circulation; as a result the fetal levels are 2 to 4 times higher than the maternal level. Animal and in vitro ...
Cenariu M - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to evaluate three embryo biopsy techniques used for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in cattle and to recommend the least invasive one for current use, especially when PGD is followed by embryo cryopreservation. Three hundred bovine embryos were biopsied by either one of the needle, ...
Suzuki Kohta K Center for Birth Cohort Studies, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan. - - 2012
Although maternal smoking during pregnancy has been reported to have an effect on childhood overweight/obesity, the impact of maternal smoking on the trajectory of the body mass of their offspring is not very clear. Previously, we investigated this effect by using a fixed-effect model. However, this analysis was limited because ...
Souza Joao Paulo JP UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2012
To validate the WHO maternal near-miss criteria and develop a benchmark tool for severe maternal morbidity assessments. In a multicenter cross-sectional study implemented in 27 referral maternity hospitals in Brazil, a one-year prospective surveillance on severe maternal morbidity and data collection was carried out. Diagnostic accuracy tests were used to ...
Ueki Hiroshi H Laboratory of Veterinary Physiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori 034-8628, - - 2012
Antiphospholipid syndrome is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and pregnancy loss. Annexin A5 (Anxa5) is a candidate autoantigen. It is not known, however, whether endogenous Anxa5 prevents foetal loss during normal pregnancy. We found significant reductions in litter size and foetal weight in Anxa5-null mice (Anxa5-KO). These changes ...
Land Thomas G TG Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. - - 2012
Research has shown that self-reports of smoking during pregnancy may underestimate true prevalence. However, little is known about which populations have higher rates of underreporting. Availability of more accurate measures of smoking during pregnancy could greatly enhance the usefulness of existing studies on the effects of maternal smoking offspring, especially ...
Nogalski Zenon Z University of Technology and Life Sciences, Department of Genetics and General Animal Breeding, ul. Ks. Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland - - 2012
The experiment involved observations of 2,514 Holstein-Friesian cows to determine the effects of environmental factors (cow's age, calving season, weight and sex of calves, housing system) and genetic factors on gestation length in dairy cattle and the correlation between gestation length and other reproductive traits (calving ease, stillbirth rates and ...
Czapran Philippa - - 2011
Objective. To establish if there is evidence for the perceived increase in the number of live births with a Neural tube defect (NTD) in South Wales from 1998 to 2009. Methods. Data was obtained from the Congenital Abnormalities Register Information Services (CARIS), which recorded 305 cases of pregnancies involving neural ...
Jackson Jodi M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the use of cytogenetic testing and identification of chromosomal abnormalities among pregnancies and children with birth defects. Utilizing data from 1968 to 2005 from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program, we analyzed trends in the frequency and timing (prenatal or ...
Hernandez Rohini K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in early pregnancy was associated with a range of structural birth defects. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite population-based, case-control study of risk factors for birth defects. RESULTS: Among women in the ...
Pavić Ivan - - 2011
Many investigations have noted bad influence of smoking during pregnancy. In the present article, the influence of mothers smoking during pregnancy on the body mass index (BMI), birth weight and birth length are examined. This retrospective research included 219 children: Group I: 109 children from rural area of east Slavonia ...
Patel Bansari G - - 2011
Unexplained and recurrent loss of pregnancies is a heartbreaking and frustrating condition. The routine diagnostic workup for pregnancy loss includes hormonal evaluation, screening for genetic or chromosomal defects, immunologic and thrombophilic testing, and evaluation of congenital or acquired Müllerian defects. In cases of idiopathic pregnancy loss, defects in endometrial receptivity ...
Akhter N - - 2011
This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in women with congenital heart diseases. In this study 50 pregnant women age between 20-45 years with congenital heart diseases were included. Twenty two (44%) were presented with atrial septal defect, 12(24%) with ventricular septal defect, 5(10%) were with ...
Jeelani Yasser - - 2011
Neural tube defects (NTDs) can be divided into two main groups, one being open NTDs wherein visible neural tissue and cerebrospinal fluid leakage are present and the other, closed NTDs without exposed neural tissue and no drainage of CSF. This communication is devoted to open NTDs that can be further ...
Mateja Walter A - - 2011
Abstract Background: Alcohol use is an extremely prevalent but preventable risk factor among women seeking to become pregnant. Many women continue to use alcohol in the early stages of pregnancy before they are aware they are pregnant. Research is unclear about the role of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and ...
Daane Jacob M - - 2011
Although many fetal birth defects, particularly those of the body wall and gut, are associated with abnormalities of the umbilical cord, the developmental relationship between these structures is largely obscure. Recently, genetic analysis of mid-gestation mouse embryos revealed that defects in Hedgehog signaling led to omphalocoele, or failure of the ...
Viñals Fernando - - 2011
Objective: Internet consultation with volume ultrasound is one of the strategies studied to attempt to improve prenatal detection of congenital heart defects (CHD). Methods: This methodology is a form of telemedicine in which a volume block of the fetal heart (either static 3D or STIC volume dataset) is acquired by ...
Chang Yu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe resectoscopic treatment with vasopressin injection as an effective surgical intervention for ectopic pregnancy in previous cesarean delivery scar (PCDS) defect. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Two women with ectopic pregnancy in PCDS defect. INTERVENTION(S): The patients underwent transvaginal ultrasound examination, followed by operative hysteroscopy with ...
Yazdy Mahsa M - - 2011
High sugar intake has been linked to fetal anomalies in the presence and absence of insulin resistance. Using dietary data collected in the Boston University Slone Epidemiology Birth Defects Study, we examined whether high dietary glycaemic index (dGI) or load (dGL) increased the risk of birth defects. Non-diabetic mothers of ...
Carbone Ilma F - - 2011
BACKGROUND Pregnancies conceived by IVF are at increased risk of pre-eclampsia (PE). This study examines the potential mechanism for such association by examining the effect of method of conception on placentation as assessed by uterine artery Doppler at 11-13 weeks' gestation. METHODS This prospective screening study at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks for ...
Aggarwal P K - - 2011
Placental overproduction of anti-angiogenic soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) has a key role in the development of preeclampsia (PE). Circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels are also elevated in PE. In this study, we investigated the correlation between ET-1 and sFlt-1, placental growth factor (PlGF), sEng levels during ...
Sifakis S - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine if the maternal serum concentration of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) at 11-13 week's gestation is altered in pregnancies that subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE). Maternal serum concentration of IGFBP-3, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) were measured in ...
Lane C Randall - - 2011
When pulmonary hypertension (PH) occurs in pregnancy, physiologic stress can overwhelm an already strained right ventricle resulting in right ventricular failure and death. Mortality remains unacceptably high (25%-30%). Patients with PH should be counseled to avoid pregnancy. This article discusses the physiologic changes of pregnancy that make it difficult for ...
van Oppenraaij R H F - - 2011
The objective was to determine whether chorionic villous vascularization is diminished in cases of early onset (<34 weeks) small for gestational age (SGA) and/or preeclampsia (PE). Placental morphometrical measurements were performed in 4 gestational-age-matched groups complicated by SGA, SGA with PE, PE, and spontaneous preterm delivery without SGA or PE ...
Cowans N J - - 2011
To evaluate the role of PP13 as a marker for pre-eclampsia (PE) by comparing two different immunoassay platforms. In this case-control study, first-trimester serum samples from 195 normal pregnancies and 37 pregnancies with PE were analysed for PP13 by using a manual DTL ELISA and the AutoDELFIA(®) platform. Levels of ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether the maternal serum levels of adiponectin in the first trimester of pregnancy are altered in cases that develop preeclampsia (PE) and whether the levels are related to pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). Methods: Serum adiponectin, PAPP-A and uterine artery PI were ...
Liao Wen-Chien - - 2011
Objective. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a complication of pregnancy with a high mortality rate. The diagnosis of AFE is currently based on clinical findings, acute respiratory distress, cardiovascular collapse during labor and delivery, and immediate massive postpartum hemorrhaging. The serum biological markers are unreliable, and their detection requires a long ...
Sifakis Stavros - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the maternal serum concentration of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) at 11-13 weeks' gestation in pregnancies that subsequently develop pre-eclampsia (PE) and to examine the possible association with uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). METHODS: Maternal serum concentration of IGFBP-1 and uterine ...
Sifakis Stavros - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the maternal serum concentration of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) at 11-13 weeks' gestation in pregnancies that subsequently develop pre-eclampsia (PE) and to examine the possible association with uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). Maternal serum concentration of IGFBP-1 and uterine artery PI ...
Akolekar Ranjit - - 2011
To develop models for prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE) based on maternal factors and biophysical and biochemical markers at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Screening study of singleton pregnancies at 11-13 weeks including 752 (2.2%) that subsequently developed PE and 32 850 that were unaffected by PE. Models were developed for the prediction ...
Akolekar Ranjit - - 2011
To develop models for prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE) based on maternal factors and biophysical and biochemical markers at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Screening study of singleton pregnancies at 11-13 weeks including 752 (2.2%) that subsequently developed PE and 32,850 that were unaffected by PE. Models were developed for the prediction of ...
Ejezie Fe - - 2011
There is no doubt that micronutrient deficiency is common in our environment. Replacements have thus been instituted without adequate information on specific and peculiar micronutrient needs of our people. Zinc is an essential micronutrient which is prone to maternal depletion during pregnancy and lactation. Unfortunately, studies in that regard in ...
Hosseini Mohammad Bager - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of folic acid use in pregnancy for the reduction of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the northwest region of Iran. We studied 243 women with pregnancies complicated by some forms of birth defect(s). These patients were identified by medical diagnostic ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J - - 2011
Since use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) during pregnancy is common, small increases in the risk of birth defects may have significant implications for public health. Results of human studies on the teratogenic risks of NSAIDs are inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the risk of selected birth defects after prenatal exposure ...
Irani Roxanna A - - 2011
Many reports indicate that there is an increase in almost all of the components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during an uncomplicated pregnancy, but renin activity, angiotensin II, and aldosterone decrease in preeclampsia (PE) for reasons that are unclear. PE is a life-threatening disorder of late pregnancy characterized by hypertension, ...
Greenberg James A - - 2011
Folate (vitamin B(9)) is an essential nutrient that is required for DNA replication and as a substrate for a range of enzymatic reactions involved in amino acid synthesis and vitamin metabolism. Demands for folate increase during pregnancy because it is also required for growth and development of the fetus. Folate ...
Sinkovskaya E - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to establish normal fetal cardiac axis values during the first and early second trimesters of pregnancy. This was a prospective observational cohort study in which the fetal cardiac axis was assessed during ultrasound examinations in 100 consecutive fetuses between 11 + 0 and 14 ...
Huhta James C - - 2010
Fetal echocardiography has progressed to be able to diagnose many forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) and to assess the prognosis of cardiac lesions based on their anatomy and presentation in utero. Fetal echocardiography is for pregnancies at risk of structural, functional, and rhythm-related fetal heart disease. Routine obstetrical ultrasound ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2011
Hypertension in pregnancy is a frequent disorder that includes a spectrum of conditions. We aimed at comparatively evaluating the hemodynamic, echocardiographic and biohumoral profile of a sample of pregnant Caucasian women with different form of pregnancy-related hypertension. We enrolled 39 non-hypertensive pregnant women (NP), 26 with Chronic HBP in pregnancy ...
Blanco Paula G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to describe changes in cardiac morphology, systolic function and some peripheral hemodynamic parameters during normal pregnancy in dogs. Twenty healthy bitches, 10 pregnant (PG) and 10 non-pregnant controls (CG), were evaluated every 10days using echocardiography from day 0 of the estrus cycle to parturition ...
Blatt Alex - - 2010
Little is known of the outcome of pregnant patients with previously diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy. These patients are usually firmly advised against continuation of the pregnancy. To examine the usefulness of serial echocardiographic follow-up and plasma N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide levels in the management of pregnant women with preexisting DCM. ...
Bennasar M - - 2010
To evaluate the accuracy of four-dimensional (4D) spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) echocardiography for the diagnosis of fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) in a selected high-risk population. Three hundred and sixty-three pregnant women referred for suspected CHD on screening ultrasound were evaluated by means of conventional echocardiography between 14 and 41 ...
Balint Olga H - - 2010
Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for adverse cardiac events during pregnancy; however, the risk of events late after pregnancy (late cardiac events; LCE) has not been well studied. A study was undertaken to examine the frequency and determinants of LCE in a large cohort of women ...
Wible Elissa Fory - - 2010
Therapeutic hypothermia is becoming the standard-of-care for coma following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Pregnancy has been considered a contraindication for therapeutic hypothermia. Case report. A 44-year-old woman presented after a witnessed out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest. She remained comatose upon hospital admission and was treated with induced hypothermia via surface cooling ...
Burkart Thomas Adam - - 2010
This article reviews the appropriate evaluation and management of cardiac arrhythmias in the pregnant patient. Any treatment strategy in this patient population has the inherent potential to adversely affect the health of the unborn child. As such, there is no room for empiric therapy in these patients. Adequate arrhythmia documentation ...
Shima Yoshio - - 2011
Idiopathic intrauterine constriction/closure of the ductus arteriosus, which is distinct from that secondary to maternal exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as indomethacin, or structural cardiac defect, is an uncommon event that often results in severe fetal-neonatal morbidity and mortality. We reported a case of idiopathic fetal ductal constriction, in ...
Bellotti M - - 2010
To examine prospectively the reliability of ultrasound-trained obstetricians performing a first-trimester fetal cardiac scan with high-frequency transabdominal probes, by confirming normal or abnormal heart anatomy, in pregnancies referred for increased nuchal translucency thickness (NT). Trained obstetric operators assessed the fetal heart in 133 fetuses with increased NT (> 95th centile) ...
Liu Hua - - 2010
As the Shanghai Obstetrical Cardiology Intensive Care Center, our hospital has accumulated a large number of clinical data of pregnant women with heart disease. This paper is a retrospective analysis of 1142 pregnancies in women with heart disease so as to evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of these patients. ...
López-Gatius F F Department of Animal Production, University of Lleida, Lleida, - - 2010
This report reviews the clinical applications of routine ultrasound in gestation control programmes for dairy herds. Emphasis is placed on identifying risks of late embryo/early foetal loss of non-infectious cause by monitoring ovarian structures (as opposed to uterine contents), indicators of pregnancy loss and twin pregnancies. Suggestions are provided to ...
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