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Results 451 - 500 of 1274
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Ahmed-Landeryou Musharrat Jabeen - - 2012
Currently in the UK, there is no absolute guidance about alcohol consumption in pregnancy. The guidance for drinking during pregnancy is one or two units of alcohol one or two times weekly, but conservative advice is to abstain as a cautionary measure [1]. Despite the lack of consensus about the ...
Chiodo Lisa M - - 2012
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is one potential risk factor for spontaneous abortion (SAb). Prior research suggested that heavy drinking during pregnancy was associated with significantly increased rates of SAb, but results for lower levels of drinking have been inconsistent. We examined the association between different levels and patterns of prenatal ...
Ercan Cihangir Mutlu - - 2012
Large placental chorioangiomas (LPCs) are rare complications of pregnancy and these tumors are associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. We presented a LPC case at 25th week of gestation, complicated by polyhydramnios and preterm labor in which intratumoral alcohol injection was performed succesfully. Cordocentesis, fetal intrauterine transfusion, and amnioreduction ...
Howe Laura D LD MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced offspring birth length and has been postulated as a risk factor for obesity. Causality for obesity is not established. Causality is well-supported for birth length, but evidence on persistence of height deficits is inconsistent. We examined the association between maternal smoking during ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2012
To investigate whether fetal lung signals and fetal lung signal progression over gestation observed on magnetic resonance imaging are different in mothers who reported smoking during pregnancy compared with nonsmoking controls. Cross-sectional retrospective study of 100 consecutive singleton pregnancies that underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Fetal lung-liver signal intensity ratios of ...
Coleman Tim - - 2012
Nicotine-replacement therapy is effective for smoking cessation outside pregnancy and its use is widely recommended during pregnancy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of nicotine patches during pregnancy. We recruited participants from seven hospitals in England who were 16 to 50 years of age with pregnancies of 12 to 24 ...
Votavova Hana - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in pregnant women may have detrimental effects such as spontaneous abortion, lower birth weight, stillbirth, and reduced infant lung function. To extend our knowledge on the molecular effects of tobacco smoke exposure in pregnancy, we analyzed transcriptome alterations in passive smokers (PS) and compared ...
Milidou Ioanna - - 2012
To investigate the associations between use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and smoking during pregnancy and infantile colic in the offspring. We used data from maternal interviews (from pregnancy and at 6 months post partum) from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). We included 63 128 live-born singletons with complete information ...
Powers Jennifer R - - 2012
Concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy is a major public health concern. Changes in these behaviours are under-researched, although essential if effective interventions are to be implemented. Hence this paper investigated characteristics of women who decreased concurrent drinking and smoking during pregnancy. 1,591 women were identified as pregnant at one ...
Sunyer Jordi - - 2012
Tobacco consumption and exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are associated with reduced birth weight. One issue that has not been clarified previously is that of the potential higher risk of this outcome in mothers with asthma. We assessed the role of prenatal maternal tobacco use and SHS on reproductive outcomes ...
Lorencatto Fabiana F National Health Service Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training, University College London, 441a, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK. - - 2012
Behavioral support aids smoking cessation in pregnancy. However, it remains unclear which component behavior change techniques (BCTs) contribute to effectiveness or the extent to which these are applied in practice. This study aimed to examine (a) which BCTs were included in effective behavioral support interventions for pregnant smokers (b) the ...
Miles Jeremy N V - - 2012
A previous paper used latent class analysis to assign individuals to 1 of 4 adolescent/young adult smoking trajectory classes and then established an association between maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy and these classes. In this paper, we examine one possible pathway for this relationship: that maternal smoking during ...
- - 2012
A good doctor-patient relationship allows the issue of alcohol consumption to be raised. Simple questionnaires can also help.
Simpson Lynn L - - 2012
Heart disease complicates more than 1% of pregnancies and is now the leading cause of indirect maternal deaths. The spectrum and severity of heart disease observed in reproductive-aged women is changing. Today, congenital heart disease accounts for more than half of cardiac disease in pregnancy, and ischemic heart disease is ...
Lubree H G HG 1Kamalnayan Bajaj Diabetology Research Centre, King Edward Memorial Hospital Research Centre, Pune, - - 2012
Longitudinal studies investigating vitamin B12 and folate status of mothers and their offspring will provide a better understanding of intergenerational nutrition. During pregnancy and 2 years (2y) after delivery, we measured plasma vitamin B12 and folate concentrations in 118 women [aged (mean ± s.d.) 22.9 ± 3.9y] who attended a ...
Ejezie F E - - 2012
Deficiencies in micronutrients are common in our environment, leading to indiscriminate replacement strategies. Selenium is an antioxidant micronutrient that may undergo depletion during pregnancy and lactation. Regrettably, information in this matter is scanty in Nigeria. To determine maternal selenium concentration during pregnancy and lactation. This was a cross-sectional research involving ...
Souza Joao Paulo JP UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2012
To validate the WHO maternal near-miss criteria and develop a benchmark tool for severe maternal morbidity assessments. In a multicenter cross-sectional study implemented in 27 referral maternity hospitals in Brazil, a one-year prospective surveillance on severe maternal morbidity and data collection was carried out. Diagnostic accuracy tests were used to ...
Hutson Janine R - - 2012
During pregnancy, the demand for folic acid increases since the fetus requires this nutrient for its rapid growth and cell proliferation. The placenta concentrates folic acid into the fetal circulation; as a result the fetal levels are 2 to 4 times higher than the maternal level. Animal and in vitro ...
Mamun Abdullah A - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity. However, little is known about whether maternal smoking in pregnancy predicts other offspring cardiovascular risk factors including waist circumference (WC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), pulse rate (PR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). We studied a sub-sample of 2038 (50% males) young ...
Cenariu M - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to evaluate three embryo biopsy techniques used for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in cattle and to recommend the least invasive one for current use, especially when PGD is followed by embryo cryopreservation. Three hundred bovine embryos were biopsied by either one of the needle, ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2012
Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during pregnancy or lactation, or both, on maternal and infant ...
Suzuki Kohta K Center for Birth Cohort Studies, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan. - - 2012
Although maternal smoking during pregnancy has been reported to have an effect on childhood overweight/obesity, the impact of maternal smoking on the trajectory of the body mass of their offspring is not very clear. Previously, we investigated this effect by using a fixed-effect model. However, this analysis was limited because ...
Nogalski Zenon Z University of Technology and Life Sciences, Department of Genetics and General Animal Breeding, ul. Ks. Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland - - 2012
The experiment involved observations of 2,514 Holstein-Friesian cows to determine the effects of environmental factors (cow's age, calving season, weight and sex of calves, housing system) and genetic factors on gestation length in dairy cattle and the correlation between gestation length and other reproductive traits (calving ease, stillbirth rates and ...
Ueki Hiroshi H Laboratory of Veterinary Physiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori 034-8628, - - 2012
Antiphospholipid syndrome is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and pregnancy loss. Annexin A5 (Anxa5) is a candidate autoantigen. It is not known, however, whether endogenous Anxa5 prevents foetal loss during normal pregnancy. We found significant reductions in litter size and foetal weight in Anxa5-null mice (Anxa5-KO). These changes ...
González-Recio Oscar - - 2012
Epigenetic regulation in mammals begins in the first stages of embryogenesis. This prenatal programming determines, in part, phenotype expression in adult life. Some species, particularly dairy cattle, are conceived during the maternal lactation, which is a period of large energy and nutrient needs. Under these circumstances, embryo and fetal development ...
Mackay Daniel F - - 2012
Both active smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure are associated with pregnancy complications. In March 2006, Scotland implemented legislation prohibiting smoking in all wholly or partially enclosed public spaces. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of this legislation on preterm delivery and small for gestational age. ...
Barański W - - 2012
The information about the occurrence of embryonic and fetal losses in dairy herds in Poland is limited. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the pregnancy loss between days 30 and 45 (late embryonic mortality) and between days 45 and 260 after artificial insemination (AI) (foetal loss). The ...
Sazak Soner - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on levels of umbilical cord erythropoietin. Erythropoietin levels were measured in umbilical cord sera of 60 newborns who were delivered vaginally at term. There were 20 (33%) smoking and 40 (67%) nonsmoking mothers. Mean cord serum erythropoietin levels were significantly lower ...
Costa Bárbara Miranda Ferreira - - 2012
Excessive gestational weight gain is related to many complications (both maternal and fetal), such as macrosomia. The most common complications in macrosomic fetuses include: increased risk of intrauterine death, need for intensive care, fractures, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, paralysis of the brachial plexus and obesity in childhood and adulthood. The aim of ...
Jamal A - - 2012
This case report presents a coincidence of trisomy 18 and balanced Robertsonian translocation (13;14). Aneuploidy was suspected based on anomalies detected in ultrasound scan and confirmed with karyotype. In a 31 years-old healthy woman with a history of one miscarriage, second trimester ultrasound scan reported IUGR (<3rd percentile) with normal ...
Gargiulo Gaetano D - - 2012
Pregnancy testing in cattle is commonly invasive requiring manual rectal palpation of the reproductive tract that presents risks to the operator and pregnancy. Alternative non-invasive tests have been developed but have not gained popularity due to poor specificity, sensitivity and the inconvenience of sample handling. Our aim is to present ...
Tovar Alison - - 2012
Identifying risk factors that affect excess weight gain during pregnancy is critical, especially among women who are at a higher risk for obesity. The goal of this study was to determine if acculturation, a possible risk factor, was associated with gestational weight gain in a predominantly Puerto Rican population. We ...
Land Thomas G TG Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. - - 2012
Research has shown that self-reports of smoking during pregnancy may underestimate true prevalence. However, little is known about which populations have higher rates of underreporting. Availability of more accurate measures of smoking during pregnancy could greatly enhance the usefulness of existing studies on the effects of maternal smoking offspring, especially ...
Leermakers Elisabeth T M - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth retardation. We examined whether a common genetic variant at chromosome 15q25 (rs1051730), which is known to be involved in nicotine metabolism, modifies the associations of maternal smoking with fetal growth characteristics. This study was performed in 3,563 European mothers participating in ...
Brantsæter Anne Lise - - 2012
It is increasingly acknowledged that the maternal diet influences fetal development and health of the child. Milk and milk products contribute essential nutrients and bioactive substances; they are of ample supply and have a long tradition in Nordic countries. To revise and update dietary guidelines for pregnant women valid in ...
Mutch Raewyn - - 2012
AimsTo assess the effectiveness of alcohol documentation, examining medical correspondence and medical files of patients referred to the State Child Development Service (SCDS) and (ii) To measure the knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice of health practitioners working at the child development service (CDS) in relation to asking about alcohol use ...
Czapran Philippa - - 2011
Objective. To establish if there is evidence for the perceived increase in the number of live births with a Neural tube defect (NTD) in South Wales from 1998 to 2009. Methods. Data was obtained from the Congenital Abnormalities Register Information Services (CARIS), which recorded 305 cases of pregnancies involving neural ...
Jackson Jodi M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the use of cytogenetic testing and identification of chromosomal abnormalities among pregnancies and children with birth defects. Utilizing data from 1968 to 2005 from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program, we analyzed trends in the frequency and timing (prenatal or ...
Pavić Ivan - - 2011
Many investigations have noted bad influence of smoking during pregnancy. In the present article, the influence of mothers smoking during pregnancy on the body mass index (BMI), birth weight and birth length are examined. This retrospective research included 219 children: Group I: 109 children from rural area of east Slavonia ...
Hernandez Rohini K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in early pregnancy was associated with a range of structural birth defects. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite population-based, case-control study of risk factors for birth defects. RESULTS: Among women in the ...
Patel Bansari G - - 2011
Unexplained and recurrent loss of pregnancies is a heartbreaking and frustrating condition. The routine diagnostic workup for pregnancy loss includes hormonal evaluation, screening for genetic or chromosomal defects, immunologic and thrombophilic testing, and evaluation of congenital or acquired Müllerian defects. In cases of idiopathic pregnancy loss, defects in endometrial receptivity ...
Akhter N - - 2011
This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in women with congenital heart diseases. In this study 50 pregnant women age between 20-45 years with congenital heart diseases were included. Twenty two (44%) were presented with atrial septal defect, 12(24%) with ventricular septal defect, 5(10%) were with ...
Jeelani Yasser - - 2011
Neural tube defects (NTDs) can be divided into two main groups, one being open NTDs wherein visible neural tissue and cerebrospinal fluid leakage are present and the other, closed NTDs without exposed neural tissue and no drainage of CSF. This communication is devoted to open NTDs that can be further ...
Mateja Walter A - - 2011
Abstract Background: Alcohol use is an extremely prevalent but preventable risk factor among women seeking to become pregnant. Many women continue to use alcohol in the early stages of pregnancy before they are aware they are pregnant. Research is unclear about the role of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and ...
Daane Jacob M JM Department of Cell and Regenerative Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2011
Although many fetal birth defects, particularly those of the body wall and gut, are associated with abnormalities of the umbilical cord, the developmental relationship between these structures is largely obscure. Recently, genetic analysis of mid-gestation mouse embryos revealed that defects in Hedgehog signaling led to omphalocoele, or failure of the ...
Viñals Fernando - - 2011
Objective: Internet consultation with volume ultrasound is one of the strategies studied to attempt to improve prenatal detection of congenital heart defects (CHD). Methods: This methodology is a form of telemedicine in which a volume block of the fetal heart (either static 3D or STIC volume dataset) is acquired by ...
Chang Yu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe resectoscopic treatment with vasopressin injection as an effective surgical intervention for ectopic pregnancy in previous cesarean delivery scar (PCDS) defect. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Two women with ectopic pregnancy in PCDS defect. INTERVENTION(S): The patients underwent transvaginal ultrasound examination, followed by operative hysteroscopy with ...
Yazdy Mahsa M - - 2011
High sugar intake has been linked to fetal anomalies in the presence and absence of insulin resistance. Using dietary data collected in the Boston University Slone Epidemiology Birth Defects Study, we examined whether high dietary glycaemic index (dGI) or load (dGL) increased the risk of birth defects. Non-diabetic mothers of ...
Carbone Ilma F - - 2011
BACKGROUND Pregnancies conceived by IVF are at increased risk of pre-eclampsia (PE). This study examines the potential mechanism for such association by examining the effect of method of conception on placentation as assessed by uterine artery Doppler at 11-13 weeks' gestation. METHODS This prospective screening study at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks for ...
Aggarwal P K - - 2011
Placental overproduction of anti-angiogenic soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) has a key role in the development of preeclampsia (PE). Circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels are also elevated in PE. In this study, we investigated the correlation between ET-1 and sFlt-1, placental growth factor (PlGF), sEng levels during ...
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