Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1036
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Ricci G - - 2001
Vaginal bromocriptine has proven safe and effective in treating hyperprolactinemic women. However, there has been no long-term clinical assessment regarding the influence of daily vaginal bromocriptine administration on the ability to conceive. This article presents two cases of successful pregnancy resulting from this alternative treatment. An infertile woman with an ...
Brugo-Olmedo Santiago - - 2001
Infertility is a common problem affecting one couple in six. It can be defined as the incapacity to fulfill pregnancy after reasonable time of sexual intercourse with no contraceptive measures taken. The evidence for changes in the prevalence of infertility is difficult to establish. This increase could be due to ...
Check J H - - 2001
Too often infertile patients are given a "herd type" fertility investigation which ultimately leads to expensive, time consuming, and risky in vitro fertilization. However, attention to certain simple details available by non-invasive methods, e.g., checking for premature luteinization, luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome, or performing the post-coital test at the appropriate ...
Dziechciowski M - - 2001
The aim of the study is to evaluate the cases of abortions in women after infertility treatment. The study group consists of 77 women with abortions, who were compared with 200 pregnant women (control group) comparable as to duration of pregnancy and time of hospitalization. All women conceived after successful ...
Ogilvie C M - - 2001
Reciprocal translocations are found in about 1 in 500 people, whereas Robertsonian translocations occur with a prevalence of 1 in 1000. Balanced carriers of these rearrangements, although phenotypically normal, may present with infertility, recurrent miscarriage, or offspring with an abnormal phenotype after segregation of the translocation at meiosis. Once the ...
Wang W - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine if the presence of uterine fibroids adversely affect in vivo conception rates. METHODS: Pelvic ultrasound evaluation of the presence or absence of fibroids in consecutive infertility patients not treated with assisted reproductive technology in a two-year period. Conception outcome noted. Data analyzed according to the presence or ...
Seracchioli R - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to compare, in infertile patients, the efficacy of laparoscopic myomectomy versus abdominal myomectomy, in restoring fertility and to evaluate the obstetric outcomes. Between January 1993 and January 1998, 131 patients of reproductive age, with anamnesis of infertility, underwent myomectomy because of the presence of ...
Bajekal N - - 2000
Uterine fibroids are often found in women of reproductive age. Different types of fibroids may affect reproductive outcome to a different extent, with submucous, intramural and subserosal fibroids being (in decreasing order of importance) a cause of infertility and pregnancy wastage. Fibroids may also produce a number of complications during ...
Juul S - - 2000
The retrospective study based on pregnancy samples is the most commonly used method for studying time to pregnancy. Using a simple Monte Carlo simulation, this note focuses on a particular selection bias problem associated with this design: even if each woman's fecundity decreases with age, estimation of the effect of ...
Van Voorhis B J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical findings in a patient with bilateral undescended ovaries and infertility who was successfully treated by IVF. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 35-year-old woman with bilateral undescended ovaries. INTERVENTION(S): Hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy, and an IVF cycle. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Anatomic description and pregnancy test. ...
Darai E - - 2000
Standard diagnostic laparoscopy is considered the gold standard to investigate tubo-peritoneal infertility. It requires general anaesthesia and full operative facilities. Due to the risk of complications, laparoscopy is frequently postponed to the final stage of infertility evaluation or even after treatment trials have failed. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) is based on ...
Basso O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Subfecundity is a frequent and often serious problem and it is important to identify its preventable determinants and to monitor fecundity over time. Since follow-up studies are difficult and expensive to conduct, time to pregnancy (TTP) in pregnant women is often used as a surrogate measure of fecundity. TTP ...
Takeuchi S - - 2000
The objective was to determine the optimal insemination technique in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) after failed direct intraperitoneal insemination (DIPI) and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in such cases. In case-control studies, 53 couples with unexplained infertility who underwent IVF after four failed DIPI cycles were ...
Healy D L - - 2000
Our objective was to investigate the effect of subserosal (SS), intramural (IM), and submucosal (SM) fibroids on the outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. A retrospective comparative study at a tertiary referral center for infertility was designed. The treatment outcome of 106 ART cycles in 88 patients with uterine ...
van Zyl L L University of Waikato, New - - 2000
In this paper we examine the questions "What does it mean to be a surrogate mother?" and "What would be an appropriate perspective for a surrogate mother to have on her pregnancy?" In response to the objection that such contracts are alienating or dehumanising since they require women to suppress ...
Van Waart J - - 2000
The challenge of the case presented was threefold: congenital absent uterus (Mayer-Rokitansky-KustnerHauser syndrome), a request for surrogacy, and teratozoospermia in the husband (6% normal morphology according to the Tygerberg strict criteria). Surrogacy was dealt with by means of guidelines proposed by the SA Law Commission after a surrogate mother was ...
Saleh A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of 10 minutes of bed rest after intrauterine insemination (IUI) on the pregnancy rate. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixteen couples with unexplained infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were prospectively randomized either to immediate mobilization after IUI (group I) or to ...
Spitz A - - 2000
Evaluation of infertile couples has revealed that male factor infertility contributes to the problem in up to 50% of cases. Evaluation of the male infertility patient may include endocrine studies, sophisticated semen testing, and select radiographic studies. Reversible and life-threatening causes of male infertility should be identified before proceeding directly ...
Udoff L C - - 2000
Infertility affects 10-15% of all married couples of reproductive age in the United States and results in substantial emotional distress and medical investment. Though it is uncertain whether antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a cause of infertility, inevitably there is a small proportion of women who have both APS and infertility. ...
Pezeshki K K Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11219, - - 2000
To determine the incidence of early-pregnancy bleeding and spontaneous abortion (SAB) after various treatments for infertility and to assess whether bleeding is predictive of SAB. An historic cohort study of women who conceived after various treatments. Hospital-based private practice. We studied 418 patients in whom 500 consecutive clinical pregnancies occurred. ...
Fauconnier A - - 2000
The objective of this study was to identify the prognostic factors for conception after myomectomy carried out in cases of infertility. A total of 91 infertile patients presenting at least one subserous or intramural myoma measuring >2 cm underwent myomectomy. The characteristics of the patients, myomata and associated infertility factors ...
Connolly G - - 2000
This study aimed to evaluate the morbidity and pregnancy outcome of myomectomy in infertile women with uterine fibroids. This was a cross-sectional study. Records were reviewed for 100 consecutive women in the Rotunda Hospital who underwent myomectomy in the years 1995-1996. A questionnaire regarding subsequent fertility was sent. The study ...
Cheung L P - - 2000
Assisted reproductive technologies refer to procedures in which the oocyte is handled or manipulated in vitro before replacement, either as an oocyte or an embryo. Because of rapid advances in this area, infertile couples may seek direct referral for assisted reproductive treatments, instead of trying simpler measures such as ovulation ...
Petrou M - - 2000
Prospective risk detection with availability of prenatal diagnosis is the best service currently available for couples at high genetic risk Here we describe the long term effect of this service on the reproductive life of 102 couples at risk of thalassaemia, whose risk was detected prospectively by carrier screening, who ...
Lin J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the role and value of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-a) and laparoscopy for the treatment of adenomyosis with infertility. METHODS: Four cases were seen with adenomyosis and infertility, 3 of these cases also presented local adenomyomata in the posterior uterine wall. GnRH-a Triptorelin (decapeptyl) or Goserelin (Zoladex) therapy ...
Saleh S - - 2000
This is a retrospective study to evaluate the reproductive outcome after abdominal myomectomy. Seventy myomectomies were performed at the Jordan University Hospital over a 10-year period. Fifty-five percent of these patients were infertile at the time of surgery. The most common indication for the myomectomy was a combination of infertility ...
Hennelly B B Human Assisted Reproduction Ireland, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, - - 2000
To determine the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy in women who were not actively undergoing therapy after a successful attempt at IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection and to characterize its pattern of occurrence. Retrospective postal questionnaire. An assisted reproduction unit at a university-based teaching hospital. Five hundred thirteen replies were received from 530 ...
McCluggage W G - - 2000
A case of endometriosis presenting as a mass in the groin of a pregnant woman is described. The mass increased in size during the pregnancy and the radiological features were suspicious of malignancy. Histological examination showed atrophic glands set in an abundant stroma. This was not typical of normal endometrial ...
Abotalb Z - - 2000
Prescribing clomiphene citrate for infertility patients has been taken very lightly. High order pregnancy can happen with this treatment. In addition to high perinatal mortality and morbidity of multiple pregnancy, the economic and social strains on the national health system and the family is great. The case presented showed that ...
Sallmén M - - 2000
To assess whether paternal exposure to lead is associated with infertility, we performed a register-based study among married men biologically monitored for exposure to inorganic lead. We obtained information about the marriages and the wives of the men from the Finnish Central Population Register. Data on pregnancies were obtained from ...
Marcus S F - - 2000
Two couples, each suffering from longstanding primary subfertility due to severe oligoasthenoteratozoospermia in the male partner and perimenopause in the female, were referred to Bourn Hall Clinic for assisted conception treatment. Both couples received independent counselling prior to being accepted onto our programme. Both women conceived following embryo transfer. The ...
Bancsi L F LF University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2000
To evaluate whether basal FSH (bFSH; measured on menstrual day 1-4) adds relevant clinical information to the prediction of ongoing pregnancy rates (OPRs) after IVF, once age and diagnostic characteristics have been taken into account. Retrospective. Academic fertility center. 435 women undergoing their first IVF cycle. None. Ongoing pregnancy rate. ...
Donderwinkel P F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether IVF is an effective treatment for long-standing unexplained subfertility. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care infertility center in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred two couples with unexplained subfertility of 2 years' duration or more who attended the center for their first IVF attempt. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Bernard G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate the subsequent fertility and outcome of pregnancies after hysteroscopic myomectomy according to (a) the characteristics of submucous myomas and (b) the association with intramural myomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 1994 to June 1997, 119 patients had hysteroscopic myomectomy including ...
Vercammen E E - - 2000
A possible association between endometriosis and spontaneous abortion has been suggested in mostly uncontrolled and/or retrospective studies. Some controlled studies evaluating the association between endometriosis and spontaneous abortion showed important methodological shortcomings: heterogeneity between cases and controls, analysis of the abortion rate before the diagnosis of endometriosis, and selection bias ...
Graham O - - 2000
Prolonged retention of intrauterine bone is a recognised cause of secondary infertility. Between 1989 and 1995, eleven West African women had retained intrauterine bone as the cause of their infertility. All the women had had termination of pregnancies in their countries of origin. Transvaginal ultrasound scan detected bright intrauterine echoes ...
Bahadur Gulam - - 2000
The effects of age, parity and male infertility status on pregnancy outcome were studied in a cohort of 720 women receiving donor insemination (DI) treatment. Twenty-two percent of women failed to complete the treatment, leaving 562 women receiving 3202 cycles of DI for assessment. Of the 321 of pregnancies achieved, ...
Goverde A J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Couples affected by idiopathic subfertility or male subfertility have an estimated spontaneous conception rate of about 2% per cycle. Although various infertility treatments are available, counselling of a couple in their choice of treatment is difficult because of the lack of consistent data from good-quality comparative studies. We compared ...
Meden-Vrtovec H - - 2000
PURPOSE: To estimate the clinical effectiveness of in vitro fertilization treatment in patients with minimal or mild endometriosis (stages I and II) in comparison to the patients with tubal infertility in terms of fertilization, pregnancy and livebirth rates. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the outcome of IVF-ET in 612 cycles of ...
Hughes E - - 2000
The androgen, Danazol, was developed in the 1970's as a treatment for endometriosis. Its use was soon advocated in women with unexplained infertility. Two randomized trials were subsequently conducted to assess the effectiveness of danazol in this population. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of danazol ...
Watson A - - 2000
Since the advent of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) the role of infertility surgery has diminished. This type of surgery is still however widely performed.and there are many different surgical techniques that can be used to repair blocked or damaged Fallopian tubes. Most evidence in this area comes from uncontrolled series. To ...
Azem F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of IVF in patients with stages III and IV endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: The Sara Racine IVF Unit, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel. PATIENT(S): Fifty-eight patients with stages III and IV endometriosis and 60 patients with tubal infertility. INTERVENTION(S): IVF-ET ...
Sharma R K - - 1999
The imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in seminal fluid indicates oxidative stress and is correlated with male infertility. A composite ROS-TAC score may be more strongly correlated with infertility than ROS or TAC alone. We measured ROS, TAC, and ROS-TAC scores in semen ...
Yip S K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis of the endometrium is usually associated with infertility. Once a patient is diagnosed with endometrial tuberculosis, she is almost certain to experience infertility; in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer offer the only realistic treatment for tuberculous infertility. We describe one case of unassisted conception with a normal pregnancy ...
Bulletti C - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of leiomyomas and their surgical removal on pregnancy rates. DESIGN: (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). Setting. Academic center. PATIENTS: Two hundred twelve women who were investigated for infertility. INTERVENTION: Laparoscopic myomectomy. MEASUREMENTS and MAIN RESULTS: Patients were divided according to case control criteria as ...
Shulman A - - 1999
Oocyte donation has become a common treatment modality for a large spectrum of infertility conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess the success rate of a shared egg donation programme, and to define the profile of a successful 'donor-recipient' couple in view of the limitations imposed by the ...
Dokras A - - 1999
The association between endometriosis and infertility is well established, and different mechanisms have been postulated to cause infertility depending on the stage of endometriosis. Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation improves pregnancy outcome for minimal to mild endometriosis; however, there are no randomized controlled studies of this technique in patients with severe disease. ...
Kamischke A - - 1999
Since the first injection of a single spermatozoon into the cytoplasm of an oocyte (intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI), this method has become the most successful means of treating male infertility. Even for patients long considered untreatable, a chance of paternity has become reality. Using not only ejaculated but also testicular ...
Sahakyan M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age, diagnosis, and cycle number influence cycle fecundity associated with gonadotropin-induced controlled ovarian hyperstimulation/IUI. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: The Center for Reproductive Medicine at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, a tertiary care academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred seventy-four women who underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with ...
Howard M P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy probabilities during use of the Creighton Model Fertility Care System (CrMS). DESIGN: Couples who began use of the CrMS were entered into this observational cohort study. Follow-up included detailed reviews of use of the CrMS. Pregnancy probabilities were calculated with both net and gross life-table analysis ...
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