Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1037
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Kortelahti Minna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Immunological deficiencies, altered angiogenic activity, infiltrative potential and growth factors are plausible factors behind endometriosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether endometriosis interferes with the course or outcome of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this matched case-control study, we analyzed obstetric outcome among 137 women with endometriosis ...
Check J H - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Mild endometriosis may be present in fertile or infertile women. When present in infertile women it could be merely an innocent bystander, and some other problem is causing the difficulty in conceiving, or it may in some way be directly responsible for the infertility problem. Sometimes to achieve a ...
Dalkalitsis N - - 2003
Unicornuate uterus and uterus didelphys consist of miscellaneous congenital malformations of the female genital system. These anomalies can cause many gynecological and obstetrical complications including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, recurrent abortions and preterm deliveries. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are two helpful operative procedures in establishing an accurate diagnosis and treating effectively. A ...
Cantineau A E - - 2003
Intra uterine insemination (IUI), with or without controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), is one of the treatment modalities offered to couples who have tried to conceive for at least one year (subfertile couples). It has been suggested that increasing the number of inseminations from one per cycle to two might increase ...
Dhaliwal Lakhbir K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether minimal stimulation with clomiphene and one injection of 150 IU of human menopausal gonadotrophin (hMG) provides pregnancy rates comparable with those in a conventional full hMG stimulation protocol for infertile patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). METHODS: A prospective study was carried out at the Infertility Clinic ...
Barranger Emmanuel - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproductive performance after hysteroscopic metroplasty performed for hypoplastic uterus. DESIGN: Crossover study (15 patients) and descriptive analysis (14 patients). SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. POPULATION: Twenty-nine women (mean age: 31.4 years; range: 27-38.5 years) with a hypoplastic malformed uterus and a history of primary infertility and/or ...
Milingos S - - 2002
Despite significant developments in medical and surgical approaches for treating endometriosis, the optimal therapy has yet to be established. The relationship between prevalence of fecundity and stage of endometriosis according to their management was studied. Of 151 consecutive women with laparoscopy-proved endometriosis stage-1 and 2, operative laparoscopy was performed in ...
Brugh Victor M VM - - 2002
As childbirth is delayed and divorce rates remain high, urologists will continue to see more and more infertile couples. It is imperative that urologists understand at least the basic aspects of the female evaluation. Fundamental information can be obtained from a simple, directed history. Risk factors for female infertility can ...
Hickman Timothy N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of endometriosis on implantation. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study, 149 consecutive in vitro fertilization retrieved cycles were analyzed. Patients with endometriosis (n = 27, 31 cycles) were compared with a control group with tubal infertility (n = 104, 118 cycles). The main outcome ...
Hosaka Takashi - - 2002
We investigated the effects of psychiatric group intervention on the emotions, natural-killer (NK) cell activity and pregnancy rate in Japanese infertile women by a randomized study. Thirty-seven women completed a 5-session intervention program and were compared with 37 controls. Psychological discomfort and NK-cell activity (47.7% to 34.1%, P<.0001) significantly decreased ...
Hunault Claudine C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To provide external validation of the Eimers model, which predicts spontaneous pregnancy among subfertile couples within the first year after the definitive establishment of the diagnostic category. DESIGN: Live birth rates predicted by an adapted version of the Eimers model were tested against observed live birth rates in a ...
- - 2002
Successful management of infertility involves the use of appropriate diagnostic tests and treatments, and knowledge of prognostic factors such as age of the female partner and duration of infertility. The assessment of infertility may reveal disorders that cause morbidity in the normally fertile population, which might or might not contribute ...
Peña Joseph E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe two successive pregnancies resulting in two healthy infants in an HIV-discordant couple who underwent IVF-ICSI. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A couple seeking fertility treatment in which the male partner was seropositive for HIV-1. INTERVENTION(S): Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and IVF-ET with ICSI. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Henneman Lidewij - - 2002
This qualitative study explores the experiences of cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier couples, prospectively identified in CF families, and the impact of the resulting genetic risk on reproductive behavior. Of the 12 couples identified until 1997, seven couples participated in semistructured interviews and two couples filled in a questionnaire, two to ...
Da Motta Eduardo Leme Alves - - 2002
The objective of this review is to analyse and integrate into a semi-historical background the alternative treatments available for the alleviation of infertility. Data are presented on their causes and success, using compilations of data reported in the literature along with personal experience. Results are expressed as the outcome of ...
Duran Hakan E - - 2002
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a frequently indicated therapeutic modality in infertility. Here, a systematic review of the literature was performed to examine the current status of clinical and laboratory methodologies used in IUI and the impact of female and male factors on pregnancy success. Emphasis was centred in questioning the ...
Isaksson Rita - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Infertility itself and also assisted reproductive treatment increase the incidence of some obstetric complications. Women with unexplained infertility are reported to be at an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction during pregnancy, but not for other perinatal complications. METHODS: A matched case-control study was performed on care during pregnancy ...
Tartagni Massimo - - 2002
This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of the hypo-osmotic swelling (HOS) test in predicting successful conception and the pregnancy outcome in couples in whom men are affected by mild infertility and fertile women are treated with ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI). We retrospectively analyzed the results obtained ...
Macklon N S - - 2002
Even when conditions are optimal, the maximum chance of a clinically recognized pregnancy occurring in a given menstrual cycle is 30-40%. Increasing evidence points to preclinical pregnancy loss rather than failure of conception as the principal cause for the relatively low fecundity observed in humans. While sensitive assays for hCG ...
Franco José Gonçalves JG - - 2002
The emotional changes provoked by the use of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) may trigger important psychological reactions. The objective of the present study was to develop a psychological evaluation test (PET-ART) in order to identify the occurrence of psychological problems and to facilitate their treatment. A total of 128 women ...
Barnhart Kurt - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the IVF outcome for patients with endometriosis. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Academic research center. PATIENT(S): A MEDLINE search and review of the literature were performed. Patients were classified by level of endometriosis, and controls were classified according to the indication for IVF. INTERVENTION(S): Bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic ...
Krause W - - 2002
Treatment of varicocele is suggested in infertile men if sperm parameter values are abnormal. The effectiveness of the treatment with respect to fertility remains to be clarified. A multicentre, prospective randomized study on varicocele treatment in infertile men to demonstrate the superiority of sclerotization of the varicocele in preventing persistence, ...
Donnez J - - 2002
In order to evaluate the relationship between leiomyomas and infertility, which remains a subject of debate, we have tried to evaluate the impact of myomas on fertility and pregnancy outcome in different conditions where myomas are implicated. Medline research was conducted of publications appearing between January 1988 and August 2001 ...
Aboulghar Mohamed A - - 2003
Unexplained infertility constitutes around 15% of patients presenting with infertility. A lack of agreement exists among infertility specialists with regard to the diagnostic tests to be performed and their prognostic value as well as criteria of normality. It seems that serum progesterone for detection of ovulation, hysterosalpingography and or laparoscopy ...
Hamberger Lars - - 2002
Assisted reproductive technologies have, during the last two decades, managed to overcome a majority of the reasons for infertility in both women and men. Also, infertility associated to a specific couple can generally be successfully treated. The techniques have been proven both safe and cost effective. There is, however, one ...
Tripathy Sindhu N - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence rate, identify risk factors not conducive to pregnancy, and outcomes with regard to follow-up treatment. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from 1988 to 2001, in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, ...
Hershlag Avner - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the performance of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in cases of unexplained infertility and of borderline semen parameters can prevent fertilization failure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based assisted reproductive technology program. PATIENT(S): Sixty couples with unexplained infertility (group 1) and 50 couples with borderline semen (group ...
Backos May - - 2002
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are an established cause of recurrent pregnancy loss. As defective embryonic implantation is a common link between unexplained infertility and recurrent miscarriage, interest has focused on the potential relationship between aPL and implantation failure after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). This review critically examines the ...
McDonnell Joseph - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Estimating the probability of pregnancy leading to delivery and the influence of clinical factors on that probability is of fundamental importance in the treatment counselling of infertile couples. A variety of statistical techniques have been used to analyse fertility data, many borrowed from survival analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Göker E N Tavmergen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination for infertility associated with endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 260 patients with the only diagnosis of endometriosis, or male factor, or tubal factor, or unexplained infertility were performed: a total of 56 patients with different ...
Nugent David - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that, in couples with unexplained infertility, tubal flushing with an oil-soluble media (lipiodol) would increase the pregnancy rate within 6 months compared with expectant management. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled study in which couples were allocated to either a single treatment with lipiodol or no ...
Redmon J Bruce - - 2002
Varicocele is often cited as the most common cause of male factor infertility. Arguments in support of this statement include reports of increased prevalence of varicocele in populations of infertile men compared with fertile or otherwise unselected men, association of varicocele with abnormal semen parameters, and improvements in semen parameters ...
Porpora M G - - 2002
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To evaluate the pregnancy rate after laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 47 infertile women undergoing laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis. RESULTS: rAFS stage was as follows: 11% of patients had Stage I, 11% Stage II, 53.3% Stage III and 24.4% Stage IV. The mean duration of ...
Fatum Mohammad - - 2002
Traditionally, a diagnosis of unexplained infertility is established only when all standard clinical investigations yield normal results. When tubal patency has been established by hysterosalpingography (HSG), laparoscopy has been suggested as a mandatory step to preclude the existence of peritubal adhesions and endometriosis as causes of infertility. In women without ...
Osuga Yutaka - - 2002
Endometriosis is assumed to be one of the causative factors of infertility, although the mechanism remains to be elucidated. Mechanical factors distorting the pelvic anatomy and/or changes in the biochemical and cellular environment in the peritoneal cavity are possible contributing factors impairing fertility. Laparoscopy is a widely used diagnostic and ...
Pandian Z - - 2002
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is now a widely accepted treatment for unexplained infertility (RCOG 1998). However, with estimated livebirth rates per cycle varying between 13% and 28%, it's effectiveness has not been rigorously evaluated in comparison with other treatments. With increasing awareness of the role of expectant management and less ...
Omland A K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To elucidate possible differences between unexplained and minimal peritoneal endometriosis-associated infertility, we studied their outcome in natural cycle IVF (NIVF). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out on unexplained (33 couples), minimal peritoneal endometriosis-associated (30 couples) and tubal factor (24 couples) infertility in 223 NIVF cycles, using human ...
Pandian Z - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Increased maternal and fetal risks have been reported in pregnancies following unexplained infertility. Our aims were to examine the obstetric and perinatal outcome of singleton pregnancies in couples with unexplained infertility and explore the impact of fertility treatment. METHODS: Women with unexplained infertility were identified from the Aberdeen Fertility ...
Schoor R A - - 2001
Varicocele is the most commonly identifiable, surgically correctable lesion associated with male-factor infertility. Surgical correction of a varicocele, whether unilateral or bilateral, results in improvement not only in semen parameters but also in spontaneous and assisted pregnancy rates. Varicoceles seem to induce a number of changes in the testicular microenvironment. ...
Ozturk O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Severely reduced fetal growth has been linked to gonadal dysfunction. The aim of this study was to explore the link between birthweight and subsequent male infertility using the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank (AMND). METHODS AND RESULTS: Assuming 80% power at the 5% significance level, a minimum of 126 ...
Masoller C - - 2001
We study the synchronization of logistic maps in a one-way coupling configuration. The master system is coupled to the slave system with a delay n(1), and the slave is a delayed logistic map with a delay n(2). We show that when the slave system has no delay (n(2)=0), perfectly synchronized ...
Dessolle L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of myomectomy on infertility and to assess the factors influencing reproductive outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): One hundred and three infertile women with uterine leiomyoma who had had infertility >2 years and a follow-up time >12 months were enrolled. Follow-up was ...
El-Shazly A M - - 2001
A total of 280 patients, 240 infertile and 40 pregnant were subjected to thorough history taking, general and local examination for exclusion of organic lesion, laboratory investigations to exclude parasitic, bacterial and fungal infections. Sterile vaginal swab from the posterior fornix was taken, and examined by wet smear preparation, Giemsa ...
McLucas B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This paper seeks to evaluate the ability to deliver term pregnancies following uterine fibroid embolization, and to identify impediments to pregnancy in the embolization procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Four physicians performed embolization procedures at various facilities. Patients were asked if fertility was an issue prior to embolization. We measured follicle-stimulating ...
Wyshak G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to present data on prevalence of infertility, causes and treatments based on self-reports of a sample of American college alumnae. METHODS: A sample of 3940 American college alumnae, ages 37 to over 70 years, completed a self-administered questionnaire relating to infertility, its causes, ...
Daitch J A - - 2001
PURPOSE: We determined whether varicocele treatment before intrauterine insemination significantly affects intrauterine insemination success rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 58 infertile couples, of whom the women had normal evaluations and men had abnormal semen analyses and a history of varicocele, were included in this study. They were identified ...
Rossetti A - - 2001
From 1991 to 1998, 29 patients desiring a pregnancy underwent laparoscopic myomectomy for symptomatic myomas measuring 5.4 +/- 3.6 cm (mean +/- SD) (median 5; range 1-9). The overall rate of intrauterine pregnancy was 65.5% (19 pregnancies; two patients had two pregnancies each). Results were analyzed in relation to different ...
Perimenis P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in semen parameters and pregnancy rates after varicocelectomy. METHODS: We evaluated the results of surgery in 146 men with primary infertility and palpable left varicoceles, compared with 62 men who refused surgery and were treated with tamoxiphene. Patients were selected with strict criteria in order ...
Bennett M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of infertility to recurrent fetal loss in patients who were vitamin B12 deficient. STUDY DESIGN: The obstetric histories of 14 patients presenting with 15 episodes of vitamin B12 deficiency were analyzed. Infertility (two to eight years) had been present in four episodes, and recurrent fetal ...
Edelstam G A - - 2001
The causal relationship between reduced fertility and early stage endometriosis without pelvic adhesions is unclear. Peritoneal fluid from patients with endometrial peritoneal implants contains more leukocytes with an increased capacity to phagocytose spermatozoa. Peritoneal fluid supplemented with lignocaine has a reduced sperm phagocytosis capacity. The present clinical study with low-dose ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >