Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1020
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Bellver José - - 2006
Obesity is a rising health problem in Western societies. It has been related to increased morbidity and mortality rates due to several pathologies. In the field of gynaecology and reproduction, obesity is associated with menstrual disorders, hirsutism, infertility, miscarriage and obstetric complications. It is known to impair human reproduction through ...
Scheike Thomas H - - 2006
Time-to-pregnancy(TTP), the duration that a couple waits from initiating attempts to conceive until conception occurs, is regarded as one of the direct measures of natural fecundity. Statistical tools for designing and analysing TTP studies belong to the general area of survival analysis, but several special features have been developed: it ...
Evenson Donald - - 2006
Meta-analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship of sperm DNA fragmentation on pregnancy outcome using in-vivo fertilization, IUI, routine IVF and ICSI. Couples with no known infertility problems were 7.0 times (CI 3.17, 17.7) more likely to achieve a pregnancy/delivery if the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was <30% (n = ...
Bello T O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an imaging modality used in assessing the fallopian tubes of patients with infertility. There have been reports suggesting that tubal pathologies may be responsible for most cases of secondary infertility. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fallopian tube of women with infertility and to observe if there are ...
Urman Bulent - - 2006
Ovulatory disorders represent a major cause of infertility. The World Health Organization classification offers a useful frame for diagnosis and treatment. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of oligoovulation and anovulation. Treatment of infertility associated with PCOS has changed in the last decade due to the introduction ...
Leyendecker Gerhard - - 2006
Evidence has been provided that pelvic endometriosis is significantly associated with uterine adenomyosis and that the latter constitutes the major factor of infertility in such conditions. Furthermore, it has become evident that both adenomyosis and endometriosis constitute a pathophysiological and nosological entity. Mild peritoneal endometriosis of the fertile woman and ...
Sanders Barry - - 2006
A literature review was performed to explore the available information regarding the association of uterine factors--intrauterine adhesions, uterine septa, uterine myomas and endometrial polyps--with infertility and reproductive loss. The literature was reviewed also to ascertain evidence that treatment of these abnormalities improves fertility. A MEDLINE search was performed to identify ...
Chow Victor - - 2006
With infertile couples, one third of cases can be due to a male factor. It is important to have a comprehensive yet efficient approach to identifying potential causes for appropriate counseling and treatment. We combined the experience of a urologist and a gynecologist, both fertility subspecialists, and reviewed current literature ...
Hollett-Caines Jackie - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate retrospectively the efficacy of hysteroscopic metroplasty in a population of women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss or infertility who were also known to have a uterine septum. METHODS: Hysteroscopic metroplasty was performed on 26 women with a uterine septum and a history of ...
Liu Wei - - 2006
To compare the effectiveness of double IUI with single IUI in male factor and idiopathic infertility patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). A prospective randomized study of 1257 COH-IUI cycles was performed. Total 1270 patients with mild or moderate male factor infertility (n = 776) and idiopathic infertility (n = ...
van Rooij Ilse A J - - 2006
The chance of infertile patients conceiving is related to factors like female age and duration of infertility. This prospective observational study evaluated whether the results of ovarian reserve tests, including the novel marker serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), were of additional value in predicting ongoing pregnancy. Two hundred and twenty-two patients ...
Drenthen W - - 2006
To evaluate the outcome of pregnancy in women after Fontan palliation and to assess the occurrence of infertility and menstrual cycle disorders. Two congenital heart disease registries were used to investigate 38 female patients who had undergone Fontan palliation (aged 18-45 years): atriopulmonary anastomosis (n = 23), atrioventricular connection (n ...
Van Voorhis Bradley J - - 2006
The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) for treating the infertile couple is increasing in the United States. The purpose of this paper is to review the short-term outcomes after ART. Pregnancy rates after ART have shown nearly continuous improvement in the years since its inception. A number of factors ...
Babu G - - 2006
As per Ayurvĕda, important factors for conception are considered as rtu (fertile period), Kşĕtra (uterus and reproductive organs), Ambu (Proper nutrient fluid) and Bĭja (sukra-sŏnita) and also normalcy of Hŗdaya (Psychology). Abnormality of properly functioning Văyu and Satbhavăs (mătŗja, pitŗja, atma, satva, sătmaya and Rasa), any one of these causes ...
Hastings Julie M - - 2006
Endometriosis is one of the most common causes of chronic pelvic pain and infertility in women in the reproductive age group. Although the existence of this disease has been known for over 100 years our current knowledge of its pathogenesis and the pathophysiology of its related infertility remains unclear. Several ...
Saldeen Pia - - 2006
Omega-3s are found in oily fish. We have drastically reduced our intake of fish during the last century. Many of us therefore suffer from a deficiency of omega-3s, which has consequences for health. In this review, we focus on structure-functional relationships and the relation of omega-3s to the metabolic syndrome, ...
Attia A M - - 2006
Male factor infertility accounts for 50% of infertility. The treatment of idiopathic male infertility is empirical. Urinary, purified, and recombinant gonadotrophins have been used to improve sperm parameters in idiopathic male infertility with the goal of increasing pregnancy rates. Research addressing pregnancy rates in partners of men treated with gonadotrophins ...
Nardo Luciano G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reproductive outcome following Helica Thermal Coagulator (Helica TC) in an infertile population with early-stage endometriosis. DESIGN: A clinical observational trial conducted in a NHS tertiary referral centre for treatment of endometriosis. Forty-four healthy infertile women (mean age 21 years, range 18-34 years) with laparoscopically confirmed diagnosis ...
Du Yaowu - - 2005
To study the therapeutic effect of integrated traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine on female immune infertility. 3,496 women suffering from primary or secondary infertility had their ASAb, EMAb, AOAb and ACAb level tested, with the positive rate of 23.11%, 34.95%, 20.77% and 30.41% respectively. 2,062 positive cases were periodically ...
De Geyter C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The possible interference of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) with epigenetic reprogramming during early embryo development has recently sparked renewed interest about the reported lower birth weight among infants born as a consequence of infertility treatments. However, the latter finding so far has relied on the comparison of the birth ...
Kazemnejad Anoshirvan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of war injuries, including spinal cord injuries, poisoning, and other injuries, on clinical pregnancy rates in infertile couples undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and to compare the results with infertile couples who were not victims of the war. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: A large, national ...
Taylor Stephanie N - - 2005
Mycoplasma genitalium was initially isolated from men with nongonococcal urethritis in 1980. Subsequent studies to assess the association of M. genitalium with human disease were inhibited however because on repeated attempts the organism proved extremely difficult to culture. Fortunately, the development and use of specific polymerase chain reaction assays allowed ...
Ludwig Michael - - 2005
Pregnancy and obstetric outcome are the final steps in infertility treatment. Additional data from recent studies demonstrate an increased risk for pregnancy course and obstetric outcome. These risks include an increased risk for intrauterine growth retardation, preeclampsia, and premature birth. Children born after in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...
Shokeir Tarek A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively the reproductive performance following hysteroscopic myomectomy in women with submucous fibroids and wishing a pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-nine consecutive women wishing a pregnancy with a previously diagnosed submucous fibroid as a sole cause for reproductive failure were treated by hysteroscopic myomectomy. Fourteen women suffered from primary ...
Qublan H S - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine factors affecting results and outcome of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). In this retrospective study, a total of 891 infertile women underwent IVF/ICSI cycles at the King Hussein Medical Center (KHMC) between January 2001 and December 2002. Conventional IVF treatment was performed in 64.6% ...
Sinclair Donna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Infertility is rarely a consequence of myomas. However, a causal relationship may be suspected when other causes of infertility have been excluded. Uterine myomas have been reported in 27% of infertile women; 50% of women with unexplained infertility become pregnant after myomectomy. The objective of this study was to ...
Daraï Emile - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine fertility, reproductive outcomes, and determinants of fertility after laparoscopic segmental colorectal resection for endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary university gynecology unit. PATIENT(S): The study population consisted of 34 women with colorectal endometriosis, of whom 22 wished to conceive. Demographic, surgical, and histological characteristics of 10 ...
Kissler S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate uterotubal transport by means of hysterosalpingoscintigraphy (HSSG) in women with and without endometriosis. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecologic Endocrinology with 350 in vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles and 400 intrauterine insemination ...
Severy Lawrence J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Assessing the psychological acceptability of technologies designed to assist couples in achieving pregnancy is complex. OBJECTIVE: The current study developed measures relating to the impact of one such technology on 52 couples' relationships, their feelings relating to pregnancy status and their feelings about the technology itself. METHODS: Pregnancy status ...
Al-Qahtani A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) to be a potentially important marker for the assessment of ovarian reserve and prediction of the success of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. The objectives of this study were to develop a sensitive and specific assay for AMH and to ...
Sohail Saba - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the applicability of uterine biophysical profile (UBP) scoring with chances of pregnancy in a spontaneous cycle in a cohort of females with unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: A secondary level private hospital, from June 2003 to June 2004. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Barron Mary Lee - - 2005
Advanced practice nurses in primary care settings are often asked to give appropriate advice to couples seeking pregnancy. This article examines the issue of basal body temperature (BBT), a time-honored way to establish the presence of ovulatory cycles, and asks if BBT is an outdated recommendation. The article also reviews ...
Tam Wing Hung - - 2005
BACKGROUND: When compared with the conventional surgical evacuation for the treatment of miscarriage, medical evacuation has been largely accepted as an effective and safe management. However, there is a lack of data on the long-term reproductive outcome of these two treatment modalities, which is crucial in patient counselling. The current ...
Ulug Ulun - - 2005
As the demand for assisted reproductive technologies (ART) increases, infertility treatments are increasingly being sought by patients with serious health problems that were once regarded as leading to infertility. Moreover, since pregnancy may worsen their underlying health conditions, these women have been advised to remain infertile. We describe here a ...
Kuivasaari Paula - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Women with endometriosis often need IVF to conceive-most women need several cycles of treatment. METHODS: To evaluate the impact of moderate to severe endometriosis on cumulative IVF outcome, we carried out an observational study on 98 consecutive women who underwent IVF or ICSI treatment and had endometriosis diagnosed by ...
Sallmén Markku - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reports of decreased semen quality over time have raised concerns about possible reductions in human fertility. Studies of couple fertility have produced conflicting results. We evaluate how changes in the availability and use of effective contraception and induced abortion might bias the direct study of time trends in couple ...
Rackow Beth W - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is no consensus about the impact of uterine fibroids on fertility. This review explores past and recent studies that investigated the effects of submucosal, intramural, and subserosal fibroids on in-vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. We discuss the importance of proper evaluation of the uterus and endometrial cavity, ...
Matalliotakis Ioannis M - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is timely and relevant for several reasons. The incidence of adenomyosis begins to rise from the mid-thirties. Moreover, more women are delaying their first pregnancy until later in their thirties or forties, and consequently adenomyosis is encountered more frequently in the fertility clinic during diagnostic ...
Miller Paul B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare pregnancy rates for couples undergoing IUI by a single healthcare provider with random assignment to either rigid (Tomcat; Kendall Sovereign, Mansfield, MA) or flexible (Soft Pass; Cook, Spencer, IN) catheters. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary care infertility practice. PATIENT(S): One hundred infertile women enrolled from ...
Baor Liora - - 2005
Infertility deeply affects psychosocial aspects of young couples, who often erroneously take fertility for granted. The inevitable transformation from apparently healthy adults into patients can lead to loss of self-esteem, confidence, health, close relationships, security, and hope. Frequently, when emotional and psychological resources are diminished after prolonged infertility, the couple ...
Akar Munire E - - 2005
This study was undertaken to examine the reproductive impact of unicornuate uterine abnormalities cases in a group of 571 women with a uterine anomaly. Hospital records of 1784 patients who presented to the infertility outpatient clinic with infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss, pain or acute abdomen during the study period between ...
Gnoth C - - 2005
A common definition of sub- and infertility is very important for the appropriate management of infertility. Subfertility generally describes any form of reduced fertility with prolonged time of unwanted non-conception. Infertility may be used synonymously with sterility with only sporadically occurring spontaneous pregnancies. The major factor affecting the individual spontaneous ...
Sydsjö Gunilla - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of couples that analyse satisfaction with treatment, adoption plans and relationships in couples after unsuccessful IVF. METHODS: ENRICH marital inventory was used to describe marital dynamics and to gain information about treatment and adoption plans. A specially designed questionnaire was used. Of the 51 couples ...
Daya Salim - - 2005
The variability in the numbers of treatment cycles couples may undertake with assisted reproductive technology (ART) and the length of time they may have to wait between successive cycles of treatment make the evaluation of treatment efficacy and prognosis complicated. The cumulative pregnancy rate using the life table method of ...
Pérez-Medina Tirso - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It was our intention to determine whether hysteroscopic polypectomy before intrauterine insemination (IUI) achieved better pregnancy outcomes than no intervention. METHODS: A total of 215 infertile women from the infertility unit of a university tertiary hospital with ultrasonographically diagnosed endometrial polyps (EP) undergoing IUI were randomly allocated to one ...
Filicori M - - 2005
Preterm birth is a frequent problem in women who undergo treatment for infertility. Many factors appear to contribute to the occurrence of this complication. Infertile women seem to have a predisposition to giving birth preterm and to having low birthweight babies. These complications also occur in women with a history ...
Korkut Esin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the benefit of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) for the initiation and completion of a successful pregnancy in a previously infertile woman with primary biliary cirrhosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university hospital with relevant departments. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old woman with primary biliary cirrhosis and failure to conceive for ...
Ferber Reed - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare joint coupling patterns and variability of the rearfoot and tibia during running in subjects who were treated with two types of orthotic devices to that of controls. Eleven subjects with various lower extremity injuries were treated unsuccessfully with a standard orthotic, and ...
Baor Liora - - 2005
Societal and cultural norms require that a worthwhile person engage in reproduction and formation of a family. Young adults who postpone childbearing may presume that fertility is granted. When all other measures fail, the use of assisted reproductive technologies is considered the ultimate salvation for these couples. It is highly ...
Fancsovits Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the main outcome of IUI with the Gynetics catheter (Gynetics Medical Products, Hamont-Achel, Belgium) or the Makler cannula (Sefi-Medical Instruments, Haifa, Israel). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Infertility and endocrinology unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred fifty-one infertile couples undergoing 784 consecutive IUI treatments. INTERVENTION(S): ...
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