Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1024
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Abu-Musa Antoine - - 2008
Women with Kartagener's syndrome (KS) are at a risk for infertility because of the dyskinetic ciliary activity in the fallopian tubes. In vitro fertilization - embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with tubal factor infertility. In the literature only 2 patients with KS were treated ...
Jain Tarun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was initially developed as part of in vitro fertilization (IVF) to treat male-factor infertility. However, despite the added cost, uncertain efficacy, and potential risks of ICSI, its use has been extended to include some patients without documented male-factor infertility. METHODS: We analyzed national data on ...
Shahin Ahmed Y - - 2007
Infertility represents a national health problem in some African countries. Limited financial health resources in developing countries are a major obstacle facing infertility management. IVF is the definitive line of treatment for many couples. Stimulation cycles are associated with risks of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and multiple pregnancy. This study evaluates ...
Mikolajczyk Mateusz - - 2007
PROBLEM: To determine the value of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) assessment for predicting the reproductive outcome. METHOD OF STUDY: Two phase study. Phase I: assessment of LIF in uterine flushing. Phase II: 1,5 years after examining the last patient, a questionnaire was sent to all participants of the phase I. ...
Deepinder Fnu - - 2007
Metabolomics is the systematic study of metabolites as small-molecule biomarkers that represent the functional phenotype in a cell, tissue or organism. Detection of crucial disturbances in the concentration of metabolites by metabolomic profiling of key biomarkers can be beneficial in the management of various medical conditions, including male-factor infertility. Recent ...
Pupo-Nogueira A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is an association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in serum and peritoneal fluid, and the presence of pelvic endometriosis and its clinical symptoms. METHODS: Blood and peritoneal fluid sample levels of VEGF were measured in 46 women undergoing laparoscopy: 32 with suspected endometriosis ...
Augoulea Areti - - 2008
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity and is usually confined to the pelvis. Thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of functioning endometrial tissue in the pleura, the lung parenchyma and the airways. TES may present ...
Bosteels Jan - - 2007
In everyday clinical practice, it is not always clear if and when exactly in the fertility work-up a diagnostic laparoscopy should be offered. The aim of this review is to analyse the available evidence with respect to alternative diagnostic methods for detecting tuboperitoneal infertility and with respect to the position ...
Feinberg Eve C - - 2007
In a lower cost, equal-access-to-care setting, Hispanic use of assisted reproductive technology was less than half of what would have been expected based on patient demographics. Despite this use disparity, there were no significant differences between Hispanic and Caucasian women with regard to infertility diagnoses, assisted reproductive technology cycle parameters, ...
Steures Pieternel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in intrauterine insemination (IUI) for subfertile couples with an abnormal postcoital test and a poor prognosis. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Twenty-four fertility centers in the Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Subfertile couples with a well-timed nonprogressive PCT and additional factors that reduce ...
Fraisse Timothée - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To discuss, on the basis of the experience of two clinical cases and extensive literature review, the significance of extremely low levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), also known as Müllerian-inhibiting substance, in infertile women. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based infertility clinic at a medical center in Switzerland. PATIENT(S): Two ...
Tavmergen Erol - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the relationship between endometriosis and infertility, the impact of endometriosis on assisted reproductive techniques and also the benefits of prolonged use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue before IVF in women with endometriosis. RECENT FINDINGS: The available evidence suggests that endometriosis is strongly associated with infertility. Many ...
Pellicano R - - 2007
Celiac disease (CD) is a permanent intolerance to gluten characterized by destructions of the small intestinal villi and malabsorption. The gluten-free diet (GFD) results in healing of the mucosa, resolution of the malabsorpitive states, and reversal of great part of CD effects. Among the extradigestive complications associated with CD, unexplained ...
Chatterjee Siddhartha - - 2007
The success of any infertility management programme is reflected in its efficacy to achieve a pregnancy either spontaneously or through assistance. For this purpose some routine investigations are carried out to pinpoint the nature of problem(s) which an infertile couple is troubled with. As the basic requisite for conception to ...
Scarpa Bruno - - 2007
With societal trends towards increasing age at starting a pregnancy attempt, many women are concerned about achieving conception before the onset of infertility, which precedes menopause. Couples failing to conceive a pregnancy within 12 months are classified as clinically infertile, and may be recommended for assisted reproductive therapy (ART). Because ...
Hernández-Díaz Sonia S Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2007
To investigate the association between infertility treatments and gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. Retrospective observational cohort. General population, United States and Canada. Five thousand one hundred fifty-one women with non-malformed infants participating in the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study between 1998 and 2006. Women were interviewed within 6 months after ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive outcomes after minilaparotomic and laparoscopic myomectomy in patients wishing to conceive. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Departments of obstetrics and gynecology of the universities of Catanzaro, Rome, and Florence, Italy. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-six women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas or unexplained infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic and ...
Song Gyun Jee - - 2007
The location of semen collection (home vs. clinic) for IUI did not affect pregnancy rates in a general infertility population (633 IUI cycles from 335 patients), if World Health Organization guidelines for time from specimen collection to use were followed. The time interval from semen collection to IUI was not ...
Jose-Miller Alaina B - - 2007
Infertility is defined as failure to achieve pregnancy during one year of frequent, unprotected intercourse. Evaluation generally begins after 12 months, but it can be initiated earlier if infertility is suspected based on history or if the female partner is older than 35 years. Major causes of infertility include male ...
Pastor-Navarro Héctor - - 2007
Bladder endometriosis is rare, although the bladder is the urinary tract structure most often affected by this condition. The common clinical manifestations of bladder endometriosis include menouria and urethral and pelvic pain syndrome occurring cyclically. Imaging methods are not conclusive for the definitive diagnosis. Cystoscopy is the most useful diagnostic ...
Stephenson Mary - - 2007
Recurrent pregnancy loss affects up to 5% of couples trying to establish a family. Evaluation classically begins after 3 consecutive miscarriages of less than 10 weeks of gestation but may be warranted earlier if a prior miscarriage was found to be euploid, or if there is concomitant infertility and/or advancing ...
Zafar Mona - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success rate of intrauterine insemination (IUI) in couples presenting with subfertility following controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) by the use of cost effective intrauterine catheter (insertion tube). METHODS: An experimental study was conducted at the Obstetric and Gynaecology Departments of Combined Military Hospital Kharian and PNS SHIFA ...
Cooper Brian C - - 2007
To determine the effect of perceived infertility-related stress on IVF outcome, all couples undergoing their first cycle of IVF were administered the Fertility Problem Inventory from May 2002 and April 2005 at our institution. Couples who conceived during their first cycle of IVF had significantly higher measures of need for ...
Repokari L L Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland. - - 2007
Evidence about the effects of infertility and assisted reproduction technique (ART) on marital relationships is discrepant. Here, we examined the impact of ART on marital relationships. The roles of life stressors, infertility and treatment characteristics in predicting marital relations were also evaluated. 367 couples with singleton IVF/ICSI pregnancies. 379 couples ...
Noci I - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical results and efficiency of three insemination technique: intraperitoneal insemination (IPI), fallopian sperm perfusion (FSP) and intrauterine insemination (IUI). METHODS: The experimental design was a prospective, randomized trial. A total of 101 homologous insemination cycles were performed in 71 consecutive ...
Zhu Jin Liang - - 2007
We have previously observed that an increasing time to pregnancy (TTP) is associated with a reduced frequency of twin deliveries in couples not receiving infertility treatment. By using updated information, we assessed the frequencies of dizygotic (DZ) and monozygotic (MZ) twin deliveries as a function of infertility (TTP > 12 ...
Smajlovic Fahrudin - - 2007
Infertility is a term with which we define lack of pregnancy among sexual partners within one year of regular intercourses without use of contraceptives. The term primary infertility includes lack of any previous pregnancy, while secondary infertility is a current infertility with previous successful pregnancy. Azoospermia is an inability to ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2007
This study is an audit of a new intrauterine insemination (IUI) programme in a low resource private fertility practice in southeast Nigeria. IUI was performed using a Wallace flexible catheter 1 day before or on the day of ovulation after ovarian stimulation with clomiphene citrate. The 18 couples treated had ...
Dimitriadis Evdokia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Uterine receptivity and embryo implantation are critical in the establishment of pregnancy. The diagnosis of endometrial fertility requires more precise measurements of endometrial receptivity. Interleukin (IL-11) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) are essential for murine implantation and signal via intracellular phosphorylation (p) of STAT3 in the endometrium. Both cytokines ...
Ahinko-Hakamaa Katja - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the prognostic factors for the highest pregnancy rate and lowest multiple pregnancy rate in different infertility etiology groups among women undergoing insemination treatment. METHODS: A total of 1,171 cycles among 532 infertile couples were retrospectively studied and the impact of different prognostic factors on pregnancy ...
Attia A M - - 2007
Male factor infertility accounts for 50% of all infertility. The treatment of idiopathic male infertility is empirical. Urinary, purified, and recombinant gonadotrophins have been used to improve sperm parameters in idiopathic male infertility with the goal of increasing pregnancy rates. Research addressing pregnancy rates in partners of men treated with ...
Zainul M R R - - 2006
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) remains a therapeutic option within means of the majority of infertile couples in Malaysia. Therefore additional information on predictors of IUI success in the local context would provide a more concrete basis for counseling patients on expectations and treatment options. A retrospective analysis of 297 couples who ...
Idahl A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether serum Chlamydia trachomatis immunoglobulin-A (IgA), IgM and C. trachomatis heat shock protein 60 (CHSP60) IgG are of additional value to C. trachomatis IgG regarding the impact on fecundity in infertile couples, and to relate C. trachomatis serum antibodies to semen ...
Xu Hong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the amount of regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) in follicular fluid (FF) of patients with and without endometriosis and to determine their oocyte fertilization and pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ...
van der Steeg J W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prediction models for spontaneous pregnancy may be useful tools to select subfertile couples that have good fertility prospects and should therefore be counselled for expectant management. We assessed the accuracy of a recently published prediction model for spontaneous pregnancy in a large prospective validation study. METHODS: In 38 centres, ...
Kafetsoulis Apostolos - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine current use of penile vibratory stimulation (PVS), electroejaculation (EEJ), and intrauterine insemination (IUI) in treatment of infertility in men with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective survey, retrospective chart review, and literature review. SETTING: Major university medical center. PATIENT(S): Male SCI patients and female partners. INTERVENTION(S): A ...
Sallmén Markku - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese men have been reported to have lower sperm counts and hormonal changes, but data are lacking regarding effects on couple fertility. METHODS: We examined the relationship between male body mass index (BMI) and infertility in couples enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study in the United States. ...
Srofenyoh Ek - - 2006
SummaryThree cases of retained fetal bones, the first two after mid-trimester termination of pregnancy and the third after dilatation and evacuation (D&E) of the uterus for a missed abortion, are presented. All the cases were complicated by secondary infertility. In all the cases the diagnosis was confirmed by a high ...
Arefi, Soheila
Objective: To assess the correlation of the presence of AZA in the follicular fluids (FFs) of women who underwent ICSI, and etiology of infertility as well as multiple puncture of ovaries, and also the relation of presence of AZA with the results of ICSI, as the main outcome, to realize ...
Zhu Jin Liang - - 2006
To examine whether infertile couples (with a time to pregnancy of > 12 months), who conceive naturally or after treatment, give birth to children with an increased prevalence of congenital malformations. Longitudinal study. Danish national birth cohort. Three groups of liveborn children and their mothers: 50,897 singletons and 1366 twins ...
Brent Kira - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the demographics, efficacy and safety of lipiodol flushing fertility treatment. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Secondary level care infertility clinic and radiology centre based in Auckland, New Zealand. POPULATION: The first cohort of 100 New Zealand women with infertility to undergo lipiodol flushing as an innovative fertility ...
Panagopoulou Efharis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of coping and of infertility-specific and nonspecific stress on pregnancy outcomes after IVF treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design controlling for potential confounding variables. Psychosocial measures were assessed on the day of embryo transfer. SETTING: Fertility clinic in Greece. PATIENT(S): Three hundred forty-two women. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN ...
van der Steeg J W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the use of clinical prediction models improves concordance between gynaecologists with respect to treatment decisions in reproductive medicine. DESIGN: We constructed 16 vignettes of subfertile couples by varying fertility history, postcoital test, sperm motility, follicle-stimulating hormone level and Chlamydia antibody titre. SETTING: Thirty-five gynaecologists estimated three ...
Omland Anne K - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate possible differences between unexplained and stage I endometriosis-associated infertility in ICSI cycles conducted after low fertilization (<20%) in preceding IVF cycles with normal semen parameters. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study consisting of patients with unexplained (n=48) and stage I endometriosis-associated infertility (n=43) with a minimum of one IVF ...
Wang Chin-Jung - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We report on two infertile women with localized adenomyosis who had successful pregnancies after treatment with laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Two infertile women with localized adenomyosis. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic excision of adenomyotic lesion with/without subsequent hypoestrogenic agent was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
De Sutter Petra - - 2006
Subfertility is a statistical concept. When a pregnancy has not been achieved within a year of unprotected intercourse, the odds are that an underlying pathological mechanism is at play. Advanced female age, longer duration and primary infertility, are important prognostic factors, suggestive of low fecundity and indicating a need for ...
Shokeir Tarek A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether administration of tamoxifen citrate (TMX) to women with unexplained infertility is beneficial. The primary outcome was the clinical pregnancy rate. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective randomized trial, 66 consecutive women with unexplained infertility were recruited for the study. Thirty-six women received TMX at a 20-mg dosage ...
Drenthen Willem - - 2006
The objective of the present study to investigate fertility, pregnancy, and delivery in women with biventricular repair for pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum (PAIVS). Using a nationwide registry (CONCOR), 37 patients with pulmonary atresia were identified, 6 of whom (aged 21 to 34 years) had biventricular repair for ...
Daya Salim - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assisted reproduction is an effective treatment for infertile women but, despite advances in ovarian stimulation and laboratory techniques, overall pregnancy rates are still relatively low suggesting that methods to improve implantation are required. One strategy is to increase the blood flow to the uterus with low-dose aspirin. ...
Agarwal Ashok - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the role of free radicals and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of human reproduction. RECENT FINDINGS: An extensive review of the literature on the role of oxidative stress in influencing assisted reproduction and its outcome is described in this article. Free radicals or reactive ...
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