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Results 101 - 150 of 1037
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Fatemi Human Mousavi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report an in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy in a patient with histologically confirmed chronic endometritis before the IVF treatment without prior antibiotherapy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine unit. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old woman with primary infertility due to mild oligoasthenoteratospermia of the male partner. INTERVENTION(S): Diagnostic hysteroscopy ...
Adesiyun A G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcome of therapeutic hydrotubation (tubal flushing) in patients with tubal infertility and unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Prospective non-randomised observational study. SETTING: Alba hospital, a five bed multidisciplinary private hospital in Kaduna city, Nigeria. SUBJECTS: Infertile women with tubal and unexplained infertility. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty seven ...
Moslemizadeh N - - 2009
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect ofmisoprostol on pregnancy rate after intrauterine insemination. This randomized double blind clinical trial study was performed on 66 (33 cases and 33 controls) infertile women who referred to infertility center of Imam Khomeini Hospital Sari, Iran for intrauterine insemination during ...
Cantineau Astrid E P AE Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , University Medical Centre, Slachthuisstraat 27, Groningen, Netherlands, 9713 MA. - - 2009
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) combined with intrauterine insemination (IUI) is commonly offered to couples with subfertility that does not involve the fallopian tubes. Another method is fallopian tube sperm perfusion (FSP). This technique ensures the presence of higher sperm densities in the fallopian tubes at the time of ovulation than ...
Orji E O - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The impact of previous pregnancy outcome on future fertility in Nigeria has not been appreciated, hence the continued neglect of the adoption of safe motherhood measures in this sub-region. The objective of this study was to compare the past pregnancy outcomes among fertile and infertile patients in a Nigerian ...
Roche Milagros - - 2008
Endometriosis is a common gynecologic condition in reproductive age. It is commonly believed that pregnancy has beneficial effects on endometriosis by reducing the symptoms. Although severe endometriosis is commonly associated with infertility, assisted reproductive technology such as 'in vitro fertilisation-embryo transfer', enables more patients with severe endometriosis to conceive. A ...
Rapoport-Hubschman Nathalie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether women's baseline coping strategies are associated with IVF outcomes. Psychologic factors have been found to be prospectively associated with the outcome of IVF treatments in several studies. However, the exact role of coping strategies, which are modifiable, remains unclear. Problem-focused coping may be more adaptive for ...
Elussein Elsir A - - 2008
An understanding of the medical causes of infertility is crucial in order to reduce incidences of Infertility and for improving the clinical management of infertility. Although there were much data on infertility in other African countries, no data exist on infertility in Sudan. Seven hundred and ten Sudanese couples were ...
Karaer Abdullah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Y-chromosome microdeletions in couples with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) as compared with fertile couples. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-three men from couples with recurrent pregnancy loss, and 43 men from couples with a live birth and no history of miscarriages were recruited ...
Cayan Selahittin - - 2009
To date, there have been no randomized, controlled, prospective clinical studies that compare various techniques to describe the best method for the treatment of varicocele in infertile men. This meta-analysis aims to address the best treatment modality for palpable varicocele in infertile men. A MEDLINE search was performed for articles ...
Ota Hirotaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of pioglitazone on fecundity in infertile patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who are resistant to conventional ovulation induction such as clomiphene, dexamethasone, or metformin. DESIGN: A retrospective pilot study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a general hospital. PATIENT(S): Nine infertile women with ...
Brassard Maryse - - 2008
Infertility in women has many possible causes and must be approached systematically. The most common cause of medically treatable infertility is the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This syndrome is common in young women and is the cause of anovulatory infertility in 70% of cases. It is therefore an important condition ...
Levrant Seth - - 2008
PROBLEM: The interleukin-1 system has been implicated in pregnancy outcome. Fetal carriage of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) specific alleles has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including spontaneous abortion and pre-term labor. This study was undertaken to compare the frequency of IL-1RN 2 alleles among both male and female partners ...
Ludwig A K - - 2008
There are only scarce data on the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy in infertility patients. Contraception after infertility treatment is another topic that has been neglected so far. Therefore, a questionnaire was sent to 1614 couples with a child conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) aged 4-6 years. A total of ...
Nyboe Andersen Anders - - 2008
BACKGROUND: ICSI is used increasingly often compared with standard IVF. The aim of the present study was to analyse the changes in the use of ICSI, and discuss possible causes and consequences. METHODS: Data from National and Regional registers were analysed for trends in the use of ICSI and indications ...
Ferrero Simone - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pregnancy rate after bowel resection for rectosigmoid endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-six symptomatic women with bowel endometriosis requiring colorectal resection. INTERVENTION(S): Bowel resection by either laparoscopy or laparotomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy rate after surgery. RESULT(S): The pregnancy rate was higher ...
Somigliana Edgardo - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current available literature on the relationship between fibroids and infertility with particular emphasis on the benefits of myomectomy. Pregnancy complications related to the presence of these lesions and to their removal are also addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a biological plausibility supporting a causal relationship ...
Saraswat Lucky - - 2008
Rising Caesarean section (CS) rates have fuelled concerns about the effect of abdominal delivery on female fertility due to post-surgical complications affecting the Fallopian tubes. The association between exposure to CS and subsequent tubal infertility was explored by means of a case-control study. This study compared 220 women with secondary ...
Kucuk Tansu - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of follicle rupture on pregnancy rate in intrauterine insemination. Retrospective cohort study. Evidence of follicle rupture was assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography following IUI. Two hundred ninety-six couples with unexplained infertility and 121 couples with male factor subfertility were included. Results of 578 cycles were analyzed here. ...
Rauch Eden R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if embryonic heart rate (EHR) is useful to predict first-trimester pregnancy outcome after in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University-based infertility center. PATIENT(S): Six hundred fifty patients who completed IVF with singleton implantations from October 2002 to September 2006 were identified. INTERVENTION(S): Transvaginal sonography at ...
Upadhyay S - - 2008
Pseudocyesis - a clinical syndrome seen in non-psychotic woman, known since the time of Hippocrates. Pseudocyesis has a psychological basis in which a woman's wish for pregnancy is essential to their identity and self-esteem. Normally, pseudocyesis is seen in women who desperately want to become pregnant, especially those with longstanding ...
Berman Jay M - - 2008
Joseph Asherman first described intrauterine adhesions in 1948. It is commonly referred to as Asherman's syndrome and intrauterine synechiae. It is characterized by a spectrum ranging from amenorrhea to menstrual disturbance to normal menses. It is frequently associated with infertility. The true incidence is unknown. Most cases occur within close ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2008
Treatment of unexplained infertility is empiric and different regimens or protocols have been used so far. Clomiphene can be used alone or combined with gonadotrophins. Aromatase inhibitors may offer an alternative for first-line treatment. To compare the efficacy of aromatase inhibitors versus climiphene, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Mollo Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess fecundity of infertile women after surgical correction of uterine septum. DESIGN: Prospective controlled trial. SETTING: Three academic infertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Forty-four women affected by septate uterus and otherwise unexplained infertility represented the study group (group A), and 132 women with unexplained infertility were enrolled as control subjects ...
Huang Andy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mosaicism that occurs in infertility and assisted reproductive technologies continues in the late first trimester and if this is unique to infertility or occurs in all pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective case-controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): 5337 consecutive chorionic villus samplings (CVS). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Khaund Aradhana - - 2008
There is debate regarding whether fibroids cause infertility or if they are simply an association. However, it is possible that fibroids are responsible for 2-3% of cases of infertility. The mechanisms by which these benign tumours could cause impaired reproductive function, both in terms of difficulty conceiving and early pregnancy ...
Ruder Elizabeth H - - 2008
Reproductive failure is a significant public health concern. Although relatively little is known about factors affecting fertility and early pregnancy loss, a growing body of literature suggests that environmental and lifestyle factors play an important role. There is sufficient evidence to hypothesize that diet, particularly its constituent antioxidants, and oxidative ...
Dendrinos S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of structural uterine anomalies (SUAs) in women with habitual abortion (HA) as diagnosed by means of hysteroscopy and to study hysteroscopy's therapeutic potential with regard to that pathology. METHODS: Forty-eight women with more than three consecutive pregnancy losses which occurred prior to the 20th week ...
Chiamchanya Charoenchai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the type, cause, pregnancy rate, and pregnancy outcome of infertile couple in Fertility Clinic of Thammasat Hospital, Thammasat University. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The retrospective study was performed by reviewing the data of infertile couples attending the Fertility Clinic of Thammasat Hospital from 1999 until 2004. The data ...
Cocuzza Marcello - - 2008
Infertility affects 10-15% of couples who are trying to conceive, and half of the cases are due to male infertility. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is increasingly being used to overcome multiple sperm deficiencies. Due to its effectiveness, some have proposed ICSI as a solution for all cases of male infertility, regardless ...
Akram Arozia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of sperm parameters on pregnancy rate following Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) in primary and secondary infertile patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Assisted Conception Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2004 ...
Patel Sutchin R - - 2008
Although reports have suggested the benefit of antioxidant treatment of infertile men, many studies also show no effect. Most studies in the literature are not randomized, placebo controlled, or double blinded in design, which makes it difficult to differentiate regression toward the mean from true positive treatment effects. The small ...
Eijkemans M J C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of IVF over expectant management has been proven only for bilateral tubal occlusion. We aimed to estimate the chance of pregnancy without treatment for IVF patients, using data on the waiting period before the start of IVF. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included all couples eligible for ...
Myers Evan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the evidence regarding the outcomes of interventions used in ovulation induction, superovulation, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) for the treatment of infertility. Short-term outcomes included pregnancy, live birth, multiple gestation, and complications. Long-term outcomes included pregnancy and post-pregnancy complications for both mothers and infants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE ...
Jones Howard W HW - - 2009
Creating a 21st century insurance benefit for infertility should be cost effective. Savings can be realized by eliminating hidden infertility costs, eliminating payments for ineffective treatments, and providing coverage for effective 21st century treatments, thus reducing costs associated with iatrogenic multiple pregnancies. The new benefit allows patients to attempt 21st ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present the set of reasons for and against fertility treatment for a very young patient. DESIGN: An expert opinion based on clinical experience. SETTING: An academic-affiliated fertility clinic situated in East Jerusalem. PATIENT(S): A 16-year-old married teenager with 2 years' duration of infertility due to polycystic ovarian syndrome ...
Leridon H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the proportion of couples who resort to infertility treatment has tremendously increased, and fertility (the final number of children) sharply declined. We explored the roles of two potential causes of these trends: a temporal decline in the couples' fecundability and a postponement of age at ...
Pritts Elizabeth A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of fibroids on fertility and of myomectomy in improving outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis of existing controlled studies. SETTING: Private center for Reproductive endocrinology and infertility. PATIENT(S): Women with fibroids and infertility. INTERVENTION(S): A systematic literature review, raw data extraction and data analysis. ...
Foster Warren G - - 2008
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the crude human birth rate (live births per 1000 population) declined, indicating reduced fertility and suggesting a potential decline in fecundity (the potential to conceive). Detection of environmental contaminants in human tissues, together with reports of a global decline in semen quality, further fueled speculation ...
Scheike Thomas H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Trends in biologic fertility are elusive. Possible negative trends in male reproductive health are still debated, and their effect on human fertility might be negligible. Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) is a functional measure of couple fecundability. METHODS: We analyzed data on TTP among 832,000 primiparous women 20 years of age and ...
Orhue Augustine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome at an infertility management center in Nigeria. METHODS: Diagnoses were made for 1948 consecutive couples following the World Health Organization guideline on the investigation of infertile couples, treatment was provided, and the couples were followed up over a 10-year period. RESULTS: The infertility was primary in ...
Edelstam Greta - - 2008
Artificial insemination (intrauterine insemination by husband or artificial insemination by husband) is often tried as first treatment for couples with unexplained infertility. Pertubation has previously proved to increase the chance of achieving pregnancy for these couples. The effect of pertubation on fertility can be mechanical as well as anti-inflammatory by ...
Lawrence Erika - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to discriminate between the 2 dominant perspectives governing research on the nature of marital change over the transition to parenthood. Progress can be made in understanding this transition by recognizing the role of uncontrolled sources of variability in research designs, defining and using ...
Louis Germaine M B - - 2008
To discuss the importance of the periconceptional window with regard to being a critical window of exposure. To review the empirical data related to healthy periconceptional behaviors. Literature review. Human reproduction is a couple-dependent process. Recent literature has highlighted that the periconceptional time period is a critical window of exposure ...
Zini Armand - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of infertile couples with varicocele. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Six hundred ten consecutive infertile couples in whom the man was found to have a clinical varicocele. INTERVENTION(S): Microsurgical varicocelectomy and assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs; intrauterine insemination and intracytoplasmic sperm injection). MAIN ...
Abdelhafiz Ahmed T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of pericoital intravaginal applications of a mixture of Egyptian bee honey and royal jelly (H/RJ) in the midcycle for the treatment of infertility due to asthenozoospermia. METHODS: Sohag University Hospital and Asyut Gynecology and Infertility Clinic conducted a crossover study of 99 couples affected by ...
Ozawa Nobuaki - - 2008
Cytogenetic investigation of 2,324 Japanese couples with repeated pregnancy loss revealed that 4.91% of couples (n = 114) had chromosome abnormalities including reciprocal translocation (n = 74), Robertsonian translocation (n = 23), and inversion (n = 10). Parental reciprocal translocation was a significant predictor of subsequent miscarriage (adjusted odds ratio: ...
Porter Maureen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Couples seeking infertility treatment are generally hungry for information about available therapeutic options and how to help themselves achieve pregnancy. This study examined couples' perceptions of the information available from various sources in the context of achieved pregnancy or continuing treatment. METHODS: A 3 year prospective interview study started ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Urocortin is a neuropeptide produced by the human endometrium and has biological effects putatively important for promoting blastocyst implantation. We measured urocortin concentrations in samples of endometrial wash fluid collected from women with unexplained infertility who underwent intrauterine insemination (IUI). METHODS: Patients 28-42 years of age (n = 71) ...
Makris Nikolaos - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the role of the Gynecare (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) bipolar resectoscope in resecting fibroids, and the effect of hysteroscopic myomectomy on infertility and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2005, we studied 59 women of reproductive age with menorrhagia, submucous myomas and one or more ...
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