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Results 101 - 150 of 1018
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Kucuk Tansu - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of follicle rupture on pregnancy rate in intrauterine insemination. Retrospective cohort study. Evidence of follicle rupture was assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography following IUI. Two hundred ninety-six couples with unexplained infertility and 121 couples with male factor subfertility were included. Results of 578 cycles were analyzed here. ...
Rauch Eden R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if embryonic heart rate (EHR) is useful to predict first-trimester pregnancy outcome after in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University-based infertility center. PATIENT(S): Six hundred fifty patients who completed IVF with singleton implantations from October 2002 to September 2006 were identified. INTERVENTION(S): Transvaginal sonography at ...
Upadhyay S - - 2008
Pseudocyesis - a clinical syndrome seen in non-psychotic woman, known since the time of Hippocrates. Pseudocyesis has a psychological basis in which a woman's wish for pregnancy is essential to their identity and self-esteem. Normally, pseudocyesis is seen in women who desperately want to become pregnant, especially those with longstanding ...
Berman Jay M - - 2008
Joseph Asherman first described intrauterine adhesions in 1948. It is commonly referred to as Asherman's syndrome and intrauterine synechiae. It is characterized by a spectrum ranging from amenorrhea to menstrual disturbance to normal menses. It is frequently associated with infertility. The true incidence is unknown. Most cases occur within close ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2008
Treatment of unexplained infertility is empiric and different regimens or protocols have been used so far. Clomiphene can be used alone or combined with gonadotrophins. Aromatase inhibitors may offer an alternative for first-line treatment. To compare the efficacy of aromatase inhibitors versus climiphene, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Mollo Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess fecundity of infertile women after surgical correction of uterine septum. DESIGN: Prospective controlled trial. SETTING: Three academic infertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Forty-four women affected by septate uterus and otherwise unexplained infertility represented the study group (group A), and 132 women with unexplained infertility were enrolled as control subjects ...
Huang Andy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mosaicism that occurs in infertility and assisted reproductive technologies continues in the late first trimester and if this is unique to infertility or occurs in all pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective case-controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): 5337 consecutive chorionic villus samplings (CVS). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Khaund Aradhana - - 2008
There is debate regarding whether fibroids cause infertility or if they are simply an association. However, it is possible that fibroids are responsible for 2-3% of cases of infertility. The mechanisms by which these benign tumours could cause impaired reproductive function, both in terms of difficulty conceiving and early pregnancy ...
Ruder Elizabeth H - - 2008
Reproductive failure is a significant public health concern. Although relatively little is known about factors affecting fertility and early pregnancy loss, a growing body of literature suggests that environmental and lifestyle factors play an important role. There is sufficient evidence to hypothesize that diet, particularly its constituent antioxidants, and oxidative ...
Dendrinos S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of structural uterine anomalies (SUAs) in women with habitual abortion (HA) as diagnosed by means of hysteroscopy and to study hysteroscopy's therapeutic potential with regard to that pathology. METHODS: Forty-eight women with more than three consecutive pregnancy losses which occurred prior to the 20th week ...
Chiamchanya Charoenchai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the type, cause, pregnancy rate, and pregnancy outcome of infertile couple in Fertility Clinic of Thammasat Hospital, Thammasat University. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The retrospective study was performed by reviewing the data of infertile couples attending the Fertility Clinic of Thammasat Hospital from 1999 until 2004. The data ...
Cocuzza Marcello - - 2008
Infertility affects 10-15% of couples who are trying to conceive, and half of the cases are due to male infertility. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is increasingly being used to overcome multiple sperm deficiencies. Due to its effectiveness, some have proposed ICSI as a solution for all cases of male infertility, regardless ...
Akram Arozia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of sperm parameters on pregnancy rate following Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) in primary and secondary infertile patients. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Assisted Conception Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2004 ...
Patel Sutchin R - - 2008
Although reports have suggested the benefit of antioxidant treatment of infertile men, many studies also show no effect. Most studies in the literature are not randomized, placebo controlled, or double blinded in design, which makes it difficult to differentiate regression toward the mean from true positive treatment effects. The small ...
Eijkemans M J C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of IVF over expectant management has been proven only for bilateral tubal occlusion. We aimed to estimate the chance of pregnancy without treatment for IVF patients, using data on the waiting period before the start of IVF. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included all couples eligible for ...
Myers Evan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the evidence regarding the outcomes of interventions used in ovulation induction, superovulation, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) for the treatment of infertility. Short-term outcomes included pregnancy, live birth, multiple gestation, and complications. Long-term outcomes included pregnancy and post-pregnancy complications for both mothers and infants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE ...
Jones Howard W HW - - 2009
Creating a 21st century insurance benefit for infertility should be cost effective. Savings can be realized by eliminating hidden infertility costs, eliminating payments for ineffective treatments, and providing coverage for effective 21st century treatments, thus reducing costs associated with iatrogenic multiple pregnancies. The new benefit allows patients to attempt 21st ...
Haimov-Kochman Ronit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present the set of reasons for and against fertility treatment for a very young patient. DESIGN: An expert opinion based on clinical experience. SETTING: An academic-affiliated fertility clinic situated in East Jerusalem. PATIENT(S): A 16-year-old married teenager with 2 years' duration of infertility due to polycystic ovarian syndrome ...
Leridon H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the proportion of couples who resort to infertility treatment has tremendously increased, and fertility (the final number of children) sharply declined. We explored the roles of two potential causes of these trends: a temporal decline in the couples' fecundability and a postponement of age at ...
Pritts Elizabeth A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of fibroids on fertility and of myomectomy in improving outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis of existing controlled studies. SETTING: Private center for Reproductive endocrinology and infertility. PATIENT(S): Women with fibroids and infertility. INTERVENTION(S): A systematic literature review, raw data extraction and data analysis. ...
Foster Warren G - - 2008
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the crude human birth rate (live births per 1000 population) declined, indicating reduced fertility and suggesting a potential decline in fecundity (the potential to conceive). Detection of environmental contaminants in human tissues, together with reports of a global decline in semen quality, further fueled speculation ...
Scheike Thomas H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Trends in biologic fertility are elusive. Possible negative trends in male reproductive health are still debated, and their effect on human fertility might be negligible. Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) is a functional measure of couple fecundability. METHODS: We analyzed data on TTP among 832,000 primiparous women 20 years of age and ...
Orhue Augustine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome at an infertility management center in Nigeria. METHODS: Diagnoses were made for 1948 consecutive couples following the World Health Organization guideline on the investigation of infertile couples, treatment was provided, and the couples were followed up over a 10-year period. RESULTS: The infertility was primary in ...
Edelstam Greta - - 2008
Artificial insemination (intrauterine insemination by husband or artificial insemination by husband) is often tried as first treatment for couples with unexplained infertility. Pertubation has previously proved to increase the chance of achieving pregnancy for these couples. The effect of pertubation on fertility can be mechanical as well as anti-inflammatory by ...
Lawrence Erika - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to discriminate between the 2 dominant perspectives governing research on the nature of marital change over the transition to parenthood. Progress can be made in understanding this transition by recognizing the role of uncontrolled sources of variability in research designs, defining and using ...
Louis Germaine M B - - 2008
To discuss the importance of the periconceptional window with regard to being a critical window of exposure. To review the empirical data related to healthy periconceptional behaviors. Literature review. Human reproduction is a couple-dependent process. Recent literature has highlighted that the periconceptional time period is a critical window of exposure ...
Zini Armand - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of infertile couples with varicocele. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Six hundred ten consecutive infertile couples in whom the man was found to have a clinical varicocele. INTERVENTION(S): Microsurgical varicocelectomy and assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs; intrauterine insemination and intracytoplasmic sperm injection). MAIN ...
Abdelhafiz Ahmed T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of pericoital intravaginal applications of a mixture of Egyptian bee honey and royal jelly (H/RJ) in the midcycle for the treatment of infertility due to asthenozoospermia. METHODS: Sohag University Hospital and Asyut Gynecology and Infertility Clinic conducted a crossover study of 99 couples affected by ...
Ozawa Nobuaki - - 2008
Cytogenetic investigation of 2,324 Japanese couples with repeated pregnancy loss revealed that 4.91% of couples (n = 114) had chromosome abnormalities including reciprocal translocation (n = 74), Robertsonian translocation (n = 23), and inversion (n = 10). Parental reciprocal translocation was a significant predictor of subsequent miscarriage (adjusted odds ratio: ...
Porter Maureen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Couples seeking infertility treatment are generally hungry for information about available therapeutic options and how to help themselves achieve pregnancy. This study examined couples' perceptions of the information available from various sources in the context of achieved pregnancy or continuing treatment. METHODS: A 3 year prospective interview study started ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Urocortin is a neuropeptide produced by the human endometrium and has biological effects putatively important for promoting blastocyst implantation. We measured urocortin concentrations in samples of endometrial wash fluid collected from women with unexplained infertility who underwent intrauterine insemination (IUI). METHODS: Patients 28-42 years of age (n = 71) ...
Makris Nikolaos - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the role of the Gynecare (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) bipolar resectoscope in resecting fibroids, and the effect of hysteroscopic myomectomy on infertility and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2005, we studied 59 women of reproductive age with menorrhagia, submucous myomas and one or more ...
Zhu Jin Liang - - 2007
To examine the association between infertility, with or without treatment, and fetal growth, as well as perinatal and infant mortality. From the Danish National Birth Cohort (1997-2003), we identified 51,041 singletons born of fertile couples (time to pregnancy 12 months or less), 5,787 born of infertile couples conceiving naturally (time ...
Katorza E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is known to be associated with an increased risk for early pregnancy complications, including ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. However, little has so far been reported on complications linked to severe endometriosis occurring during the third trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 800 women attending the ...
Chibber R - - 2007
This study is to assess whether a waiting time to pregnancy (WTP) >1 year elevates the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in essentially healthy women with a single normal fetus at a gestational age of >20 weeks. Comparisons were made between those who conceived spontaneously with those who conceived after ...
Wilczynski Jacek R - - 2007
Defective reaction toward fetal alloantigens could result in both recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSAs) and recurrent early pregnancy failures (REPFs), the latter existing in couples with unexplained infertility and multiple failures of implantation after in vitro fertilization embryo transfer. Immunological mechanisms leading to RSA and REPF seem to be different, although ...
Ziba Zahiri; Department of ...
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of determination of endometrial thickness and pattern by ultrasound for pregnancy prediction has been confirmed as well as questioned in the literature. In an effort to help clarify this controversial issue and to find the relation between endometrial thickness and pattern and pregnancy rates, this study was ...
Nakagawa Koji - - 2007
AIM: Women with unexplained infertility frequently become pregnant after diagnostic laparoscopy. In this study the effect of laparoscopic surgery on such women was evaluated by the pregnancy rate after laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A total of 47 unexplained infertile women underwent laparoscopic evaluation during the period August 2002 to January 2005 ...
Tay Paul Y S - - 2007
To determine the prognostic factors such as age, diagnosis, number of cycle attempts and semen parameters on the pregnancy rate of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) /intrauterine insemination (IUI). Three hundred and seventeen women who underwent 507 consecutive COH/IUI cycles were recruited from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2005 inclusively. ...
Falconer Henrik - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hormonal suppressive therapy is not effective for endometriosis-associated subfertility and can even prevent conception. Medical inhibition of TNFalpha, which has been shown to improve conception, is effective in the prevention and treatment of endometriosis in baboons. DESIGN: Prospective, placebo-controlled fertility trial. SETTING: Animal research and laboratory facility. ANIMAL(S): Sixteen ...
Wojnar Danuta - - 2007
This was a descriptive phenomenological study of 10 self-identified lesbian couples who had experienced miscarriage in the context of a committed relationship. Analysis of individual and joint open-ended interviews revealed that the experience of miscarriage for lesbian couples must be viewed from the perspective of the difficulties surrounding conception as ...
Bedaiwy Mohamed - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of cytokines in the peri-ovulatory follicular fluid (FF) during IVF cycles. FF from 112 women was obtained during oocyte retrieval for IVF. The concentrations of five cytokines [interleukin (IL)- 1beta, IL-6, IL-12, IL-13, and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha )] ...
Niang, L; ;
Objective: There is no general consensus as to the the ability of varicocelectomy to improve fertility. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the post-operative improvement in male fertility (based on sperm parameters) and the pregnancy rate. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 50 patients ...
Merwe, JP van der; ...
Objective. To determine whether active pelvic endometriosis impairs the efficacy of GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer) and whether prior surgical treatment of endometriosis improves the efficacy of GIFT. Design. Matched controlled retrospective study. Setting. University-based assisted reproduction programme. Patients. Patients who had GIFT between 1990 and 1997 were included in the ...
Passos Filipa - - 2008
Two patients with spontaneous hemoperitoneum, occurring in the third trimester of pregnancy, had in common previous surgery for moderate endometriosis and successful in vitro fertilization. Although it is not possible to establish a direct causal relationship, we must be aware of this rare but potentially serious complication as the wide ...
Abu-Musa Antoine - - 2008
Women with Kartagener's syndrome (KS) are at a risk for infertility because of the dyskinetic ciliary activity in the fallopian tubes. In vitro fertilization - embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with tubal factor infertility. In the literature only 2 patients with KS were treated ...
Jain Tarun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was initially developed as part of in vitro fertilization (IVF) to treat male-factor infertility. However, despite the added cost, uncertain efficacy, and potential risks of ICSI, its use has been extended to include some patients without documented male-factor infertility. METHODS: We analyzed national data on ...
Shahin Ahmed Y - - 2007
Infertility represents a national health problem in some African countries. Limited financial health resources in developing countries are a major obstacle facing infertility management. IVF is the definitive line of treatment for many couples. Stimulation cycles are associated with risks of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and multiple pregnancy. This study evaluates ...
Mikolajczyk Mateusz - - 2007
PROBLEM: To determine the value of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) assessment for predicting the reproductive outcome. METHOD OF STUDY: Two phase study. Phase I: assessment of LIF in uterine flushing. Phase II: 1,5 years after examining the last patient, a questionnaire was sent to all participants of the phase I. ...
Deepinder Fnu - - 2007
Metabolomics is the systematic study of metabolites as small-molecule biomarkers that represent the functional phenotype in a cell, tissue or organism. Detection of crucial disturbances in the concentration of metabolites by metabolomic profiling of key biomarkers can be beneficial in the management of various medical conditions, including male-factor infertility. Recent ...
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