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Jindal Umesh N - - 2010
Of 5,341 infertile couples seen over an 8-year period, 76 (1.4%) had primary vaginismus, of whom 63 were treated with the use of a simplified sensate focus technique. There was complete symptomatic resolution of vaginismus in 60 women, and pregnancy was achieved in 33.
Younis Johnny S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare the Protein C Global assay results in a cohort of infertile women who conceived after assisted reproductive technology (ART) with results from women who conceived spontaneously. METHODS: Sixty-four infertile women who conceived after ART and 47 fertile women who conceived spontaneously were prospectively evaluated. All women ...
Motazedian Shahdokht - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of bromocriptine versus cabergoline on pregnancy in hyperprolactinaemic infertile women. A total of 183 infertile women with hyperprolactinemia undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) were randomly divided into two groups. Group A: 94 with bromocriptine and group B:89 with cabergoline. The efficacy ...
Barri Pedro N - - 2010
Infertility is a common problem presented by patients with endometriosis. At present, whichever treatment is chosen, half of patients with advanced stages of the disease will remain infertile afterwards. This observational study looked at the reproductive outcome achieved after treating a group of 825 patients aged between 20 and 40 ...
Mijatovic V - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To establish the effect of adenomyosis on IVF/ICSI outcomes in infertile patients with endometriosis who were pretreated with long-term (>/=3 months) GnRH-agonist prior to IVF/ICSI. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study in 74 infertile patients with surgically proven endometriosis who were treated with IVF/ICSI between January 2002 and March 2007. The ...
Nakagawa Koji - - 2010
To build an evaluation scoring system using the results of salpingoscopy, and to evaluate the relationship between this scoring system and the outcome of pregnancy. Retrospective study. Sugiyama Clinic. Using salpingoscopy, we observed the tubal lumen, paying attention to the following six results: adhesions, loss of mucosal folds, rounded edges ...
Ozgör Bilge - - 2010
Reproductive problems, such as delayed menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, infertility, impotence, hypogonadism, recurrent abortions, and low-birth-weight or preterm deliveries, are now known to be among the atypical symptoms of coeliac disease (CD). The pathogenesis of reproductive disorders in CD is unclear, but some hypotheses have been suggested, including autoimmunity and ...
Dey Sudhansu K - - 2010
Human reproduction is relatively inefficient. Nearly 30% of pregnancies result in spontaneous losses, which are both a clinical problem and a psychological stress to the families involved. Furthermore, although the human population is growing rapidly and is predicted to reach 9 billion by 2050, 15% of couples worldwide are childless ...
Ono Masami - - 2010
Cabergoline is effective for hyperprolactinemic hypogonadism. However, the rate of cabergoline-induced pregnancy in women with prolactinoma remains unknown. Also unknown is whether cabergoline can control tumor growth and thereby achieve successful pregnancy in patients with macroprolactinomas. Eighty-five women with macroprolactinomas (n = 29) or microprolactinomas (n = 56) received prospective, ...
Gabbanini Massimo - - 2010
To evaluate the applicability of prediction models (PM) of spontaneous pregnancy (SP) in a population of infertile patients from a university-affiliated private assisted reproductive technology center (Instituto Valenciano de Infertilidad) and in the reproductive medicine section of a public university hospital (La Fe), both belonging to the same city (Valencia, ...
Smith James F - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among couples seeking fertility care and to identify the predictors of CAM use in this population. Prospective cohort study. Eight community and academic infertility practices. A total of 428 couples presenting for an infertility evaluation. Interviews and questionnaires. Prevalence ...
Ross C - - 2010
The use of antioxidants in treatment of infertile men has been suggested, although the evidence base for this practice is unclear. A systematic review of randomized studies was conducted to evaluate the effects of oral antioxidants (vitamins C and E, zinc, selenium, folate, carnitine and carotenoids) on sperm quality and ...
Anderson Kirsty - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Clinical infertility is a prevalent problem with significant financial and psychosocial costs. Modifiable lifestyle factors exist that may affect a person's time to conception and their chance of having a healthy, live birth. However, no guideline delineates what preconception advice should be offered to people presenting for infertility treatment. ...
Park Jongbae J JJ Asian Medicine & Acupuncture Research, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2010
We aim to determine the safety and effectiveness of a standard therapeutic package of Korean medicine for the treatment of unexplained infertility in a cross-section of women who sought treatment at an integrative hospital in Seoul, Korea. Infertility affects more than 1.2 million women in the United States alone. Treatment ...
Dara? Emile - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this prospective study were to evaluate fertility, pregnancy outcomes and their determinant factors after laparoscopic segmental colorectal resection for endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 83 women who underwent colorectal resection for endometriosis. Thirty-nine women (47%) had an associated infertility and 51 (61.4%) wished to conceive after ...
Nouri Kazem - - 2010
Septate uterus, one of the most common forms of congenital uterine malformations, negatively affects female reproductive health. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic septoplasty in 64 women with septate uterus and primary or secondary infertility. We performed a systematic review of studies evaluating the ...
Nawaz Fauzia Haq - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility worldwide. In addition to a poor conception rate, pregnancy loss rates are significantly higher (30-50%) during the first trimester in women with PCOS. Insulin resistance (IR) in this syndrome is not only implicated toward early pregnancy loss ...
Harris Darcy L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to explore the subjective experiences of infertile women who conceived through the use of assisted reproduction technology--ovarian stimulation, intrauterine insemination or IVF--only to lose their pregnancy at 2-16 weeks gestation. METHODS: Ten women participated in in-depth, tape-recorded interviews. After initial content ...
Mitnick Danielle M - - 2009
The U.S. government has recently spent several hundred million dollars to promote healthy relationships in new parents. The influx of money implies that relationships of new parents are at elevated risk for declining satisfaction and dissolution. This meta-analysis aggregates data from 37 studies that track couples from pregnancy to after ...
Xu Ye - - 2010
The clinical outcomes of different infertility causes (tubal factor, male factor, unexplained infertility, combination of tubal and male factors, and other/mixed factors) with natural-cycle in vitro fertilization/maturation (IVF/M) treatment were evaluated. There were no significant differences in the rates of IVM, IVF, and cleavage as well as the clinical pregnancy ...
Yuan Peng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a chronic disease that responds to systemic pseudo-pregnancy therapy. However, side effects limit their long-term use, and recurrence often occurs after cessation of medication. Reducing side effects whereas improving therapeutic efficacy of pseudo-pregnancy therapy seems contradictory, but appealing. In order to address this dilemma, the efficacy and ...
van Dongen Angelique J C M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of couples dropping out of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) waiting list and to describe the couples' reasons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Fertility center in an academic hospital. PATIENT(S): 674 women placed consecutively on the IVF waiting list between June 2000 and July 2003. ...
Brandes M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although in vitro fertilization (IVF) was introduced more than 30 years ago, its exact role in the spectrum of fertility treatments has never been studied in an unselected population. The aim of this study was to visualize the contribution of IVF to the ongoing pregnancy rates in a cohort ...
Kumar D Prabhu - - 2009
Infertility can be defined as difficulty in conceiving a child after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility can arise either because of the male factor or female factor or both. According to the current estimates, 15% of couples attempting their first pregnancy could not succeed. Infertility is either primary or ...
Baka Stavroula - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of sperm treatment with exogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF) on intrauterine insemination (IUI) clinical pregnancy rate in cases of mild male factor infertility. PAF is a phospholipid mediator, which is present in human sperm. METHODS: The study was performed in the Assisted Reproduction Unit of the ...
Winger Edward E - - 2009
PROBLEM: We compared the pregnancy success rates and safety parameters of fondaparinux versus enoxaparin, combined with immunotherapy, in patients with a history of miscarriage and/or infertility and coagulant defects. METHOD OF STUDY: A total of 127 pregnancies in 110 patients with a history of miscarriage and/or infertility were retrospectively evaluated. ...
Yuan Peng - - 2010
As a common cause of chronic pelvic pain, endometriosis affects 10% of women of reproductive age. The most popular strategy for treating endometriosis is pseudo-pregnancy therapy. However, the efficacy of common systemic pseudo-pregnancy therapy is significantly attenuated by poor compliance because of so many side effects. While levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of double versus single intrauterine insemination (IUI) per treatment cycle in women with unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy rates per couple. INTERVENTION(S): Electronic searches of the Cochrane Central Trials Registry and Medline without year and language restriction ...
Lamb Julie D - - 2009
Asian ethnicity has been associated with decreased pregnancy outcomes in patients undergoing IVF. The objective of this study was to determine if a difference exists in pregnancy rates between Asian and Caucasian patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). A retrospective cohort of Asian and Caucasian patients treated with IUI between December ...
Moradan Sanam - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if dexamethasone could be a suitable option in the treatment of patients with unexplained infertility. METHODS: This study was carried out in the Obstetrics Department of Amir University Hospital, Semnan, Iran, from April 2001 to May 2008. One hundred and twenty-four cases of unexplained infertility that underwent ...
Reindollar Richard H - - 2010
To determine the value of gonadotropin/intrauterine insemination (FSH/IUI) therapy for infertile women aged 21-39 years. Randomized controlled trial. Academic medical center associated with a private infertility center. Couples with unexplained infertility. Couples were randomized to receive either conventional treatment (n=247) with three cycles of clomiphene citrate (CC)/IUI, three cycles of ...
Kasum Miro - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of abdominal myomectomy on subsequent fertility. Medical records of 78 women having undergone myomectomy between 1980 and 2000 were retrospectively analyzed. A questionnaire was e-mailed to all women. The overall pregnancy rate in 66 patients that attempted pregnancy following ...
Maiburg M - - 2009
To investigate whether the success rate of ICSI is (1) related to the etiology of infertility or (2) adversely affected by a family history of potential genetic disorders. All men with an ICSI indication in our hospital between 1994 and 2005 were included in our cohort study. Data on the ...
Peretz Jackye - - 2009
Although chemicals used in hair salons have been linked to infertility in animal models, little is known about whether exposures in hair salons are associated with infertility in women. Thus, a survey-based study was performed to investigate infertility in 448 cosmetologists and 508 non-cosmetologists working in Baltimore, Maryland and its ...
Vercellini Paolo - - 2009
After repetitive surgery for recurrent endometriosis, 20 of 89 (22%) women achieved spontaneous pregnancy, compared with 165 of 411 (40%) after first-line procedure (adjusted incidence rate ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.82), and the 12- and 24-month cumulative pregnancy rates were 14% and 26% in the former group ...
Cox Tessa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the time to spontaneous ongoing pregnancy after a previous miscarriage in subfertile couples. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted in 38 fertility centers in the Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Subfertile couples who miscarried after completing their basic fertility work-up. INTERVENTION(S): Expectant management after a miscarriage. ...
Brosens Ivo A - - 2009
Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) is a rare but dramatic cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Emerging evidence suggests that pelvic endometriosis may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SHiP.
Shokeir Tarek - - 2010
To determine whether hysteroscopic myomectomy for submucous fibroids in women with unexplained primary infertility achieved better pregnancy rates than no intervention. Prospective randomized matched control trial. Tertiary university fertility care unit. From January 1999 to February 2006, a total of 215 women with unexplained primary infertility and with ultrasonographically diagnosed ...
Jayasena Channa N CN Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Investigative Medicine, Commonwealth Building, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, W12 ONN, UK. - - 2009
The occurrence of reproductive infertility has become an increasing concern in the developed world, particularly following the recent trend of attempts at pregnancy later in maternal life. Most existing therapies for infertility, such as clomiphene and gonadotropins, aim to manipulate the traditional components of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Several secretagogues of ...
Stanford Joseph B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To model the cumulative probability of pregnancy among couples with subfertility without a definitive diagnosis, according to different treatment strategies. DESIGN: A beta distribution of fecundity was fitted that reproduced the cumulative probability of pregnancy in prospective studies of natural fertility, and this distribution was applied to simulated cohorts ...
Vansenne Fleur - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate to what extent couples carrying a balanced structural chromosome abnormality follow up the advice to opt for invasive prenatal diagnosis (PND) in subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN: Index-control study. SETTING: Six centers for Clinical Genetics in The Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Couples referred for chromosome analysis after recurrent miscarriage between 1992 ...
Baazeem Abdulaziz - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of two groups of oligospermic men with varicocele, one having a varicocelectomy (group 1) and the other electing not to have surgery (group 2), as varicocele represents the most common factor associated with male infertility and most reports indicate that varicocelectomy has a beneficial ...
Traub Michael L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report on the safety of conservative management of a young woman with pseudomyxoma peritonei of appendiceal origin desiring fertility preservation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: IVF Center at Tertiary Hospital. PATIENT(S): A 32-year-old woman with primary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Appendectomy, conservative second-look laparoscopy, and IVF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Persistence of ...
Yli-Kuha A-N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to study the success rates of infertility treatments in the period 1992-2005 in public and private clinics. STUDY DESIGN: Aggregate IVF statistics (1992-2005) and nationally representative cross-sectional survey (2002). RESULTS: The success rates of infertility treatments remained stable, despite a substantial increase in single-embryo transfers. In ...
Zorba Unal O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The deterioration of seminal parameters in men with varicocele suggests a vascular lesion producing progressive damage to the testes over time. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the duration of infertility in infertile men with varicocele and the postoperative sperm counts to determine whether ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To measure activin A concentrations in uterine washing fluid collected from women with couple infertility undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary university center for women's care. PATIENT(S): Fifty women, of whom 25 became pregnant after up to three IUI attempts and 25 did not. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Yang Liu - - 2009
The characteristics of tapered lens fibers (TLFs) are analyzed by using a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Two types of TLFs are considered, namely, a tapered-cladding TLF and a tapered-core TLF. The radial FDTD method is first used to simulate light focusing for these two types of TLFs. It is shown ...
Sills E S - - 2009
In this report, our early experience with screening, monitoring and coordinating IVF utilising gestational carrier treatment is described. Although congenital and iatrogenic etiologies for uterine factor infertility manifest distinctly different reasons for considering a gestational carrier approach, we outline a unified management strategy for both conditions. One patient had congenital ...
Lindborg L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 41345 Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2009
The aim of the study was to test whether the use of sonography contrast could enhance the chance of spontaneous clinical pregnancy in women undergoing subfertility investigation. Couples with at least 1 year of infertility who were scheduled for a consultation including a hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) were invited to ...
Fatemi Human Mousavi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report an in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy in a patient with histologically confirmed chronic endometritis before the IVF treatment without prior antibiotherapy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine unit. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old woman with primary infertility due to mild oligoasthenoteratospermia of the male partner. INTERVENTION(S): Diagnostic hysteroscopy ...
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