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Nawaz Fauzia Haq - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility worldwide. In addition to a poor conception rate, pregnancy loss rates are significantly higher (30-50%) during the first trimester in women with PCOS. Insulin resistance (IR) in this syndrome is not only implicated toward early pregnancy loss ...
Harris Darcy L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to explore the subjective experiences of infertile women who conceived through the use of assisted reproduction technology--ovarian stimulation, intrauterine insemination or IVF--only to lose their pregnancy at 2-16 weeks gestation. METHODS: Ten women participated in in-depth, tape-recorded interviews. After initial content ...
Mitnick Danielle M - - 2009
The U.S. government has recently spent several hundred million dollars to promote healthy relationships in new parents. The influx of money implies that relationships of new parents are at elevated risk for declining satisfaction and dissolution. This meta-analysis aggregates data from 37 studies that track couples from pregnancy to after ...
Xu Ye - - 2010
The clinical outcomes of different infertility causes (tubal factor, male factor, unexplained infertility, combination of tubal and male factors, and other/mixed factors) with natural-cycle in vitro fertilization/maturation (IVF/M) treatment were evaluated. There were no significant differences in the rates of IVM, IVF, and cleavage as well as the clinical pregnancy ...
Yuan Peng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a chronic disease that responds to systemic pseudo-pregnancy therapy. However, side effects limit their long-term use, and recurrence often occurs after cessation of medication. Reducing side effects whereas improving therapeutic efficacy of pseudo-pregnancy therapy seems contradictory, but appealing. In order to address this dilemma, the efficacy and ...
van Dongen Angelique J C M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of couples dropping out of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) waiting list and to describe the couples' reasons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Fertility center in an academic hospital. PATIENT(S): 674 women placed consecutively on the IVF waiting list between June 2000 and July 2003. ...
Brandes M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although in vitro fertilization (IVF) was introduced more than 30 years ago, its exact role in the spectrum of fertility treatments has never been studied in an unselected population. The aim of this study was to visualize the contribution of IVF to the ongoing pregnancy rates in a cohort ...
Kumar D Prabhu - - 2009
Infertility can be defined as difficulty in conceiving a child after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility can arise either because of the male factor or female factor or both. According to the current estimates, 15% of couples attempting their first pregnancy could not succeed. Infertility is either primary or ...
Baka Stavroula - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of sperm treatment with exogenous platelet-activating factor (PAF) on intrauterine insemination (IUI) clinical pregnancy rate in cases of mild male factor infertility. PAF is a phospholipid mediator, which is present in human sperm. METHODS: The study was performed in the Assisted Reproduction Unit of the ...
Winger Edward E - - 2009
PROBLEM: We compared the pregnancy success rates and safety parameters of fondaparinux versus enoxaparin, combined with immunotherapy, in patients with a history of miscarriage and/or infertility and coagulant defects. METHOD OF STUDY: A total of 127 pregnancies in 110 patients with a history of miscarriage and/or infertility were retrospectively evaluated. ...
Yuan Peng - - 2010
As a common cause of chronic pelvic pain, endometriosis affects 10% of women of reproductive age. The most popular strategy for treating endometriosis is pseudo-pregnancy therapy. However, the efficacy of common systemic pseudo-pregnancy therapy is significantly attenuated by poor compliance because of so many side effects. While levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems ...
Polyzos Nikolaos P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of double versus single intrauterine insemination (IUI) per treatment cycle in women with unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy rates per couple. INTERVENTION(S): Electronic searches of the Cochrane Central Trials Registry and Medline without year and language restriction ...
Lamb Julie D - - 2009
Asian ethnicity has been associated with decreased pregnancy outcomes in patients undergoing IVF. The objective of this study was to determine if a difference exists in pregnancy rates between Asian and Caucasian patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). A retrospective cohort of Asian and Caucasian patients treated with IUI between December ...
Moradan Sanam - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if dexamethasone could be a suitable option in the treatment of patients with unexplained infertility. METHODS: This study was carried out in the Obstetrics Department of Amir University Hospital, Semnan, Iran, from April 2001 to May 2008. One hundred and twenty-four cases of unexplained infertility that underwent ...
Reindollar Richard H - - 2010
To determine the value of gonadotropin/intrauterine insemination (FSH/IUI) therapy for infertile women aged 21-39 years. Randomized controlled trial. Academic medical center associated with a private infertility center. Couples with unexplained infertility. Couples were randomized to receive either conventional treatment (n=247) with three cycles of clomiphene citrate (CC)/IUI, three cycles of ...
Kasum Miro - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of abdominal myomectomy on subsequent fertility. Medical records of 78 women having undergone myomectomy between 1980 and 2000 were retrospectively analyzed. A questionnaire was e-mailed to all women. The overall pregnancy rate in 66 patients that attempted pregnancy following ...
Maiburg M - - 2009
To investigate whether the success rate of ICSI is (1) related to the etiology of infertility or (2) adversely affected by a family history of potential genetic disorders. All men with an ICSI indication in our hospital between 1994 and 2005 were included in our cohort study. Data on the ...
Peretz Jackye - - 2009
Although chemicals used in hair salons have been linked to infertility in animal models, little is known about whether exposures in hair salons are associated with infertility in women. Thus, a survey-based study was performed to investigate infertility in 448 cosmetologists and 508 non-cosmetologists working in Baltimore, Maryland and its ...
Vercellini Paolo - - 2009
After repetitive surgery for recurrent endometriosis, 20 of 89 (22%) women achieved spontaneous pregnancy, compared with 165 of 411 (40%) after first-line procedure (adjusted incidence rate ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.82), and the 12- and 24-month cumulative pregnancy rates were 14% and 26% in the former group ...
Cox Tessa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the time to spontaneous ongoing pregnancy after a previous miscarriage in subfertile couples. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted in 38 fertility centers in the Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Subfertile couples who miscarried after completing their basic fertility work-up. INTERVENTION(S): Expectant management after a miscarriage. ...
Brosens Ivo A - - 2009
Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) is a rare but dramatic cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Emerging evidence suggests that pelvic endometriosis may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SHiP.
Shokeir Tarek - - 2010
To determine whether hysteroscopic myomectomy for submucous fibroids in women with unexplained primary infertility achieved better pregnancy rates than no intervention. Prospective randomized matched control trial. Tertiary university fertility care unit. From January 1999 to February 2006, a total of 215 women with unexplained primary infertility and with ultrasonographically diagnosed ...
Jayasena Channa N CN Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Investigative Medicine, Commonwealth Building, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, W12 ONN, UK. - - 2009
The occurrence of reproductive infertility has become an increasing concern in the developed world, particularly following the recent trend of attempts at pregnancy later in maternal life. Most existing therapies for infertility, such as clomiphene and gonadotropins, aim to manipulate the traditional components of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Several secretagogues of ...
Stanford Joseph B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To model the cumulative probability of pregnancy among couples with subfertility without a definitive diagnosis, according to different treatment strategies. DESIGN: A beta distribution of fecundity was fitted that reproduced the cumulative probability of pregnancy in prospective studies of natural fertility, and this distribution was applied to simulated cohorts ...
Vansenne Fleur - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate to what extent couples carrying a balanced structural chromosome abnormality follow up the advice to opt for invasive prenatal diagnosis (PND) in subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN: Index-control study. SETTING: Six centers for Clinical Genetics in The Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Couples referred for chromosome analysis after recurrent miscarriage between 1992 ...
Baazeem Abdulaziz - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of two groups of oligospermic men with varicocele, one having a varicocelectomy (group 1) and the other electing not to have surgery (group 2), as varicocele represents the most common factor associated with male infertility and most reports indicate that varicocelectomy has a beneficial ...
Traub Michael L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report on the safety of conservative management of a young woman with pseudomyxoma peritonei of appendiceal origin desiring fertility preservation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: IVF Center at Tertiary Hospital. PATIENT(S): A 32-year-old woman with primary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Appendectomy, conservative second-look laparoscopy, and IVF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Persistence of ...
Yli-Kuha A-N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to study the success rates of infertility treatments in the period 1992-2005 in public and private clinics. STUDY DESIGN: Aggregate IVF statistics (1992-2005) and nationally representative cross-sectional survey (2002). RESULTS: The success rates of infertility treatments remained stable, despite a substantial increase in single-embryo transfers. In ...
Zorba Unal O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The deterioration of seminal parameters in men with varicocele suggests a vascular lesion producing progressive damage to the testes over time. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the duration of infertility in infertile men with varicocele and the postoperative sperm counts to determine whether ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To measure activin A concentrations in uterine washing fluid collected from women with couple infertility undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary university center for women's care. PATIENT(S): Fifty women, of whom 25 became pregnant after up to three IUI attempts and 25 did not. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Yang Liu - - 2009
The characteristics of tapered lens fibers (TLFs) are analyzed by using a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Two types of TLFs are considered, namely, a tapered-cladding TLF and a tapered-core TLF. The radial FDTD method is first used to simulate light focusing for these two types of TLFs. It is shown ...
Sills E S - - 2009
In this report, our early experience with screening, monitoring and coordinating IVF utilising gestational carrier treatment is described. Although congenital and iatrogenic etiologies for uterine factor infertility manifest distinctly different reasons for considering a gestational carrier approach, we outline a unified management strategy for both conditions. One patient had congenital ...
Lindborg L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 41345 Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2009
The aim of the study was to test whether the use of sonography contrast could enhance the chance of spontaneous clinical pregnancy in women undergoing subfertility investigation. Couples with at least 1 year of infertility who were scheduled for a consultation including a hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) were invited to ...
Fatemi Human Mousavi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report an in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy in a patient with histologically confirmed chronic endometritis before the IVF treatment without prior antibiotherapy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine unit. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old woman with primary infertility due to mild oligoasthenoteratospermia of the male partner. INTERVENTION(S): Diagnostic hysteroscopy ...
Adesiyun A G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcome of therapeutic hydrotubation (tubal flushing) in patients with tubal infertility and unexplained infertility. DESIGN: Prospective non-randomised observational study. SETTING: Alba hospital, a five bed multidisciplinary private hospital in Kaduna city, Nigeria. SUBJECTS: Infertile women with tubal and unexplained infertility. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty seven ...
Moslemizadeh N - - 2009
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect ofmisoprostol on pregnancy rate after intrauterine insemination. This randomized double blind clinical trial study was performed on 66 (33 cases and 33 controls) infertile women who referred to infertility center of Imam Khomeini Hospital Sari, Iran for intrauterine insemination during ...
Cantineau Astrid E P AE Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , University Medical Centre, Slachthuisstraat 27, Groningen, Netherlands, 9713 MA. - - 2009
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) combined with intrauterine insemination (IUI) is commonly offered to couples with subfertility that does not involve the fallopian tubes. Another method is fallopian tube sperm perfusion (FSP). This technique ensures the presence of higher sperm densities in the fallopian tubes at the time of ovulation than ...
Orji E O - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The impact of previous pregnancy outcome on future fertility in Nigeria has not been appreciated, hence the continued neglect of the adoption of safe motherhood measures in this sub-region. The objective of this study was to compare the past pregnancy outcomes among fertile and infertile patients in a Nigerian ...
Roche Milagros - - 2008
Endometriosis is a common gynecologic condition in reproductive age. It is commonly believed that pregnancy has beneficial effects on endometriosis by reducing the symptoms. Although severe endometriosis is commonly associated with infertility, assisted reproductive technology such as 'in vitro fertilisation-embryo transfer', enables more patients with severe endometriosis to conceive. A ...
Rapoport-Hubschman Nathalie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether women's baseline coping strategies are associated with IVF outcomes. Psychologic factors have been found to be prospectively associated with the outcome of IVF treatments in several studies. However, the exact role of coping strategies, which are modifiable, remains unclear. Problem-focused coping may be more adaptive for ...
Elussein Elsir A - - 2008
An understanding of the medical causes of infertility is crucial in order to reduce incidences of Infertility and for improving the clinical management of infertility. Although there were much data on infertility in other African countries, no data exist on infertility in Sudan. Seven hundred and ten Sudanese couples were ...
Karaer Abdullah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Y-chromosome microdeletions in couples with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) as compared with fertile couples. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-three men from couples with recurrent pregnancy loss, and 43 men from couples with a live birth and no history of miscarriages were recruited ...
Cayan Selahittin - - 2009
To date, there have been no randomized, controlled, prospective clinical studies that compare various techniques to describe the best method for the treatment of varicocele in infertile men. This meta-analysis aims to address the best treatment modality for palpable varicocele in infertile men. A MEDLINE search was performed for articles ...
Ota Hirotaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of pioglitazone on fecundity in infertile patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who are resistant to conventional ovulation induction such as clomiphene, dexamethasone, or metformin. DESIGN: A retrospective pilot study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a general hospital. PATIENT(S): Nine infertile women with ...
Brassard Maryse - - 2008
Infertility in women has many possible causes and must be approached systematically. The most common cause of medically treatable infertility is the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This syndrome is common in young women and is the cause of anovulatory infertility in 70% of cases. It is therefore an important condition ...
Levrant Seth - - 2008
PROBLEM: The interleukin-1 system has been implicated in pregnancy outcome. Fetal carriage of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) specific alleles has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including spontaneous abortion and pre-term labor. This study was undertaken to compare the frequency of IL-1RN 2 alleles among both male and female partners ...
Ludwig A K - - 2008
There are only scarce data on the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy in infertility patients. Contraception after infertility treatment is another topic that has been neglected so far. Therefore, a questionnaire was sent to 1614 couples with a child conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) aged 4-6 years. A total of ...
Nyboe Andersen Anders - - 2008
BACKGROUND: ICSI is used increasingly often compared with standard IVF. The aim of the present study was to analyse the changes in the use of ICSI, and discuss possible causes and consequences. METHODS: Data from National and Regional registers were analysed for trends in the use of ICSI and indications ...
Ferrero Simone - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pregnancy rate after bowel resection for rectosigmoid endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-six symptomatic women with bowel endometriosis requiring colorectal resection. INTERVENTION(S): Bowel resection by either laparoscopy or laparotomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy rate after surgery. RESULT(S): The pregnancy rate was higher ...
Somigliana Edgardo - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current available literature on the relationship between fibroids and infertility with particular emphasis on the benefits of myomectomy. Pregnancy complications related to the presence of these lesions and to their removal are also addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a biological plausibility supporting a causal relationship ...
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