Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1038
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Lundberg S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether radionuclide hysterosalpingography (radionuclide HSG), which has been suggested as a more functional approach to the diagnosis of tubal infertility than conventional patency tests, is predictive in the diagnosis of infertility. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of data from an inquiry form containing questions about pregnancy outcome after ...
Rammer E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of IUI on fecundity and baby-take-home rates in cases of infertility attributable to a male factor with and without a woman's hormone factor. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the General Public Hospital, Horn, Austria. PATIENT(S): Seventy-eight long-standing involuntarily childless couples. ...
Creus M - - 1998
At present, it is well accepted that maternal recognition of paternally derived fetal antigens occurs during normal pregnancy and may be beneficial for implantation and maintenance of gestation. Thus, we have investigated the compatibility of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) in couples with successive failed in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Study group ...
Ruiz-Velasco V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the usefulness of combined treatment of a Gn-RH agonist and assisted reproduction in the management of infertile women with endometriosis. DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of goserelin's action (Gn-RH(a)) in the extension of endometriosis, of its suppression and clinical improvement, and in pregnancy rates after an immediate assisted reproduction ...
Pabuçcu R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss and infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective case report series. SETTING: The obstetrics and gynecology clinic of a medical school. PATIENT(S): Forty women with recurrent pregnancy loss or infertility resulting from intrauterine adhesions. INTERVENTION(S): Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in ...
Ford W C - - 1997
Results were collected from 11 studies comparing intrauterine insemination (IUI) with intracervical insemination (ICI) of frozen donor semen, 10 studies comparing IUI with timed natural intercourse (NI) or ICI in couples with semen defects and seven studies comparing ICI with NI or ICI in couples with unexplained infertility. IUI significantly ...
Hall J - - 1997
The first observation that in vitro fertilization (IVF) was useful for treating oligozoospermia and oligoasthenozoospermia was reported by Fishel and Edwards in 1982. This was followed by a series of cases indicating the value of IVF in such cases. Conventional IVF has been modified and refined to achieve increased rates ...
Kim C H - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the immunotherapy with corticosteroids would improve the pregnancy rate in infertile patients with endometriosis who undergo in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: Forty-two infertile patients with endometriosis plus tubal factor and 87 pure tubal infertility patients who underwent IVF-ET in our unit were allocated ...
Mínguez Y - - 1997
To assess the impact of endometriosis on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome, we have retrospectively evaluated 980 ICSI cycles, comparing the results of women with and without endometriosis. A total of 101 cycles was identified in which various degrees of endometriosis were involved, and in the remaining 879 cycles, male ...
Daraï E - - 1997
We report the limits, complications, subsequent fertility and outcome of pregnancies after laparoscopic myomectomy. From January 1990 to October 1995, 143 patients underwent a first laparoscopic approach to myomectomy. A total of 41 patients (28.7%) had a laparoconversion (12 cases for a number of myomata >5, 15 cases for myoma ...
Tadokoro N - - 1997
Using a retrospective analysis, we compared cumulative pregnancy rates, early pregnancy failure rates and multiple pregnancy rates in couples with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) (n = 148), hypogonadotrophic or eugonadotrophic hypogonadism (n = 91) and unexplained infertility (n = 117), who were treated in an ovulation induction clinic between January ...
Ulcová-Gallová Z - - 1997
PROBLEM: During 1987-1996, cervical mucus spermagglutinating antibodies of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) or IgG detected by the tray agglutination test (TAT) and the indirect mixed antiglobulin reaction (MAR) test were found in 234 women aged 23-29 years with previously unexplained infertility. METHOD OF STUDY: Hydrocortisone was applied to the ectocervix. ...
Raziel A - - 1997
We report a rare clinical case of recurrent heterotopic pregnancy in the same patient following in-vitro fertilization treatments. A 27 year old woman, who suffered from infertility for the last 4 years due to male factor, was being treated by intracytoplasmic sperm injection which resulted in two episodes of combined ...
Alemnji G A - - 1997
Husbands in 100 consecutive couples complaining of lack of pregnancy after one year of normal intercourse were engaged in this study. Information from a structured questionnaire administered to these 100 men showed that 46% had primary infertility (had never impregnated any woman) and 54% secondary infertility (had in the past ...
Basso O - - 1997
Many reproductive failures tend to repeat themselves within the same couple. Whether fecundability (the probability of conceiving in a given number of menstrual cycles) follows the same pattern is studied using data from the European Studies on Infertility and Subfecundity (ESIS): 6630 women were interviewed on 'time to pregnancy' (TTP) ...
Deaton J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical pregnancy rates (PRs) in anovulatory, male factor, and unexplained infertility using clomiphene citrate (CC) with an IUI and to evaluate the difference in PRs between urinary LH testing and hCG administration for timing of the IUI. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Academic, tertiary care fertility ...
Isaksson R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: To compare intrauterine insemination (IUI), direct intraperitoneal insemination (DIPI), and timed-intercourse (TI), each combined with superovulation, in the treatment of couples with unexplained infertility, including couples with minimal endometriosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 233 superovulation cycles in 70 couples with unexplained infertility or minimal endometriosis. Stimulation protocol, pregnancy ...
Ruiz A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine an optimal insemination technique in patients undergoing IVF after failed IUI and the role of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in such cases. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study in couples with unexplained infertility (n = 63) and mild endometriosis (n = 7) undergoing IVF after four IUI cycles. Sibling ...
Tummon I S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of superovulation and IUI versus no treatment for infertility associated with minimal or mild endometriosis. DESIGN: Randomized trial. SETTING(S): London Health Sciences Centre, University Campus, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario; and Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. PATIENT(S): Three hundred eleven ...
Hoxsey R - - 1997
Although the incidence of fertility has not increased over the last several decades, the number of patients seeking treatment has increased, especially among older women who have delayed childbearing for various social reasons. During this postponement they are more likely to develop pelvic pathology including endometriosis and uterine myomas and ...
Bonnar J - - 1997
A pilot study was conducted in Ireland to test the effectiveness of the calendar method of contraception. A conservative rule was used, requiring on average 16 days of abstinence per cycle. Among the 19 couples who entered into the study and were followed for up to seven cycles, there were ...
Guzick D S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the empirical relationship between the revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine's classification of endometriosis and pregnancy rates after treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. PATIENT(S): Patients seen by four practicing physicians. INTERVENTION(S): Medical and/or surgical therapy for endometriosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy defined as ongoing or delivered. RESULT(S): There ...
Check J H - - 1997
PROBLEM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation of menstrual CA-125 levels with pregnancy rates (PRs) after 6 months of treatment for infertility. METHOD: The sample consisted of a heterogenous group of 160 women who sought treatment for infertility. Treatments include progesterone supplementation, donor insemination, intrauterine insemination, ...
Gordon A C - - 1997
This paper chronicles the introduction and initial experiences of Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) as a treatment for severe male factor infertility in Ireland. Following initial development of the technique using a bovine model, therapy was offered clinically from September 1995. Up to March 1996 a total of 60 couples ...
Scialli A R - - 1997
Members of the workgroup on female reproductive disorders discussed methods to evaluate five principal functions: menstrual dysfunction, infertility, pregnancy loss, lactation disorders, and pregnancy complications. To test each function, a nested strategy was considered, based on progressive levels of effort available to conduct field investigations. This strategy was analogous to ...
Sundström I - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aim of this hospital based long-term follow-up study was to further elucidate resolved and unresolved infertility in relation to risk factors and perinatal outcome considering treatment-related and treatment independent pregnancies. METHODS: The study included all couples attending the out-patient clinic of the Department of Gynecology in Umeå due ...
Chang M Y - - 1997
Our purpose was to evaluate the outcomes of gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) therapy in patients with endometriosis. One hundred eight GIFT cycles performed under the indication of endometriosis were compared to 156 GIFT cycles with indications of other disease entities. A maximum of seven oocytes was transferred into one or ...
Soong Y K - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness, in terms of pregnancy rates, of isotopic 13CO2 laser laparoscopy versus traditional laparoscopy or laparotomy in the treatment of infertile women with moderate or severe endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective 5-year study. SETTING: Medical school-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Three hundred nine infertile women with moderate to severe ...
Chang F H - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of 13CO2 laser laparoscopy in treating infertile women with minimal to mild endometriosis according the American Fertility Society classification in terms of pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Medical school-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred seventy-six women whose infertility was associated with minimal or mild ...
Ajossa S - - 1997
This multicenter study was carried out to compare the efficacy of intrauterine insemination (IUI) and intraperitoneal insemination (IPI) associated with multiple follicular development as treatment for unexplained infertility. A total of 205 couples completed the trial. Sixty-seven couples underwent treatment with IPI (group A) and 138 couples underwent treatment with ...
D'Hooghe T M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to test the hypothesis that endometriosis undergoes regression during pregnancy. METHODS: This study was performed on 11 baboons with histologically proven endometriosis, housed at the Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi, Kenya. In each individual baboon paired laparoscopies were performed prior to and during pregnancy (6 ...
Ragni G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive outcome in infertile couples which underwent intraperitoneal insemination (IPI). METHODS: We analyzed a series of 216 couples who underwent IPI. Indications for treatment were unexplained infertility in 51 couples and male factor in 165. The 51 couples with unexplained infertility underwent a total of 71 ...
Keck C - - 1997
Intrauterine inseminations (IUI) have been performed since the beginning of this century for treatment of infertility. Despite its widespread use the clinical value of this technique remains unclear. Today, indications for IUI include male factor, cervical factor, immunological and unexplained infertility and infertility due to ejaculatory disorders. IUI is superior ...
Lancaster P A - - 1996
Many countries now have registers of assisted conception that were initially set up to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, to monitor pregnancy outcomes and the health of treated women, and to assess any immediate risks for the women and their children. World reports, based on information from national registers, have ...
Knapp L A - - 1996
Among some human populations, immunogenetic similarity between mates is associated with increased risk of pregnancy loss. To investigate the relationship between histocompatibility and reproductive performance in non-human primates, 128 pigtailed macaque couples were classified as 'reproductively successful' or 'unsuccessful' according to previous breeding performance. These couples were arranged into 64 ...
Bahçeci M - - 1996
This case report presents a very rare and long-standing cause of infertility, osseous metaplasia of the endometrium, and describes its successful management by hysteroscopy. A woman with a history of induced abortion 12 years ago, failed to conceive from that time on. The infertility work-up was unrevealing except for the ...
Silverberg K M - - 1996
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation is frequently employed as empiric therapy for the treatment of unexplained infertility, mild male factor, cervical factor, and treated endometriosis. Prescribed in the form of either clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins, it is often combined with intrauterine insemination and offered to patients as a less expensive and less ...
Badawy S Z - - 1996
A total of 122 patients were evaluated in a retrospective study for the cumulative pregnancy rate after intrauterine insemination. The indications included idiopathic infertility, anovulation, male factor, poor postcoital test, endometriosis, and pelvic factor. The cumulative pregnancy rate by 3 cycles or less varied from 7.7 to 43.5%. The highest ...
Cummings A M - - 1996
Endometriosis, a disease of women and nonhuman primates in which endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus, can be mimicked surgically in rats and mice. The disease is related to infertility in women, and surgical induction of endometriotic lesions reduces fertility in rats according to some studies. Conversely, pregnancy appears to ...
Ditkoff E C - - 1996
We conclude that untreated women with FMF have up to a 30% incidence of infertility due to ovulatory dysfunction and peritoneal adhesions. Some of these women conceive during ovulation induction with or without insemination. We have described the first case of a successful and normal pregnancy in a patient with ...
Lipton J H - - 1996
A 34-year-old woman on interferon for CML for 7 years, experienced problems with conception. Full work-up revealed a short luteal phase and therapy with clomiphene was initiated. Pregnancy occurred and a normal infant was delivered by C-section. The detailed infertility evaluation is described and the impact of interferon therapy on ...
Vollenhoven B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) with intrauterine insemination (IUI) for the treatment of various causes of infertility and to identify prognostic factors for the success of this treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. RESULTS: Of the 271 cycles initiated, 247 were completed in 104 couples, ...
Miller C E - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of the procedure we developed for laparoscopic myomectomy with outcomes reported in the literature for open and laparoscopic myomectomies. DESIGN: Prospective trial. SETTING: Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, IL. PATIENTS: Forty-one consecutive infertile women who met selection criteria that were based on our experience ...
Chan N S - - 1996
A case of secondary infertility, dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia due to retained fetal bone is presented. Retained fetal bones should be considered in all patients with infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhoea or other symptoms dating from a pregnancy or pregnancy termination. Ultrasound is an excellent modality for evaluating these patients. Ultrasound ...
Leyendecker G - - 1996
Women suffering from infertility in association with mostly mild endometriosis were subjected to vaginal sonography of uterine peristalsis during the menstrual period, the early, mid- and late follicular phases, and the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The data obtained were compared with those of healthy controls. Women with endometriosis ...
Mahmoud A M - - 1996
A case-control study of clinical, endocrine and seminal characteristics in 86 infertile men and a prospective study of conception rates during 804 follow-up cycles among 75 infertile couples with male immune infertility were performed. Genito-urethral infections or surgery, and palpable epididymal abnormalities were more common among the immunological cases than ...
Negri P - - 1996
Pentoxifylline, an inhibitor of cAMP phosphodiesterase activity, favours intracellular cAMP concentration increase. In-vitro treatment of semen with pentoxifylline leads to marked augmentation of sperm motility, enhancement of acrosome reaction, increase of sperm penetration into zona-free hamster oocytes, and protection of the sperm plasma membrane. Such properties indicate that the drug ...
Falcone T - - 1996
Pregnancy rates with endometriosis-associated infertility may be improved by laparoscopic surgery or laparotomy for moderate to severe disease. Surgery for minimal to mild disease does not increase pregnancy rates. Medical treatment has not been shown to increase fecundity for any stage of the disease. Pregnancy rates with assisted reproductive technology ...
Tanbo T - - 1996
Infertile couples who seek medical advice have one single hope: to have one or more children. Therefore, pregnancy rates per cycle of any assisted reproductive technique that include early miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies are of little interest to them. They want to know their chances of having a baby. When ...
Morán C - - 1996
A cohort of 123 infertile couples was studied by life tables over a 30-month follow-up period to determine the influence on reproductive prognosis of clinical features, namely the women's age, previous gestational events, evolution time, and a number of conditioning infertility factors. The cumulative pregnancy rate (CPR) was 60% at ...
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