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Roescher Annemiek M AM Division of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University of Groningen, University Medical Center, Groningen, the - - 2014
The placenta plays a crucial role during pregnancy for growth and development of the fetus. Less than optimal placental performance may result in morbidity or even mortality of both mother and fetus. Awareness among pediatricians, however, of the benefit of placental findings for neonatal care, is limited. To provide a ...
Mantovani Elena E 0000-0001-5635-9977 Sezione di Ostetricia e Ginecologia, Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e della Riproduzione, Università degli Studi di Verona, Piazzale Ludovico Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, - - 2014
Introduction. Folic acid (FA) supplementation is recommended worldwide in the periconceptional period for the prevention of neural tube defects. Due to its involvement in a number of cellular processes, its role in other pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage, recurrent miscarriage, low birth weight, preterm birth (PTB), preeclampsia, abruptio placentae, and ...
Setúbal António A Hospital da Luz, Lisbon, - - 2013
To review bowel complications caused by deep endometriosis during pregnancy or in vitro fertilization (IVF). Three case reports and a systematic review. A tertiary referral center for deep endometriosis surgery. Three case reports of bowel perforation or occlusion during pregnancy caused by deep endometriosis. A PubMed search was conducted to identify ...
Nurulain Syed M - - 2013
Oxime-type acetylcholinesterase reactivators (oxime-AChER) are used as an adjunct in the treatment for organophosphorus anticholinesterase poisoning. Because of the widespread usage and exposure of organophosphorus compounds (OPCs), its poisoning and fatalities is obvious in pregnant women, embryos and fetuses. OPCs irreversibly inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) at nerve synapses. Furthermore, the role ...
Matsaseng Thabo - - 2013
Objective: To compare the efficacy of mild ovarian stimulation versus conventional stimulation in in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design: Meta-analysis. Search Strategy: A systemic literature search was carried out for prospective randomised clinical trials. We electronically searched using PubMed, Medline and Embase for all the studies published from 1990 to December ...
Meaney-Delman Dana - - 2013
To review the safety and pharmacokinetics of antimicrobials recommended for anthrax postexposure prophylaxis and treatment in pregnant women. Articles were identified in the PubMed database from inception through December 2012 by searching the keywords (["pregnancy]" and [generic antibiotic drug name]). Additionally, we searched clinicaltrials.gov and conducted hand searches of references ...
Désilets Valérie V Montreal - - 2013
To describe the current investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops, with a focus on treatable or recurring etiologies. To provide better counselling and management in cases of prenatally diagnosed non-immune hydrops. Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed or MEDLINE, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library in 2011 using ...
Boitrelle F - - 2013
Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) involves the use of differential interference contrast microscopy at high magnification (at least ×6300) to improve the observation of live human spermatozoa (particularly by showing sperm head vacuoles that are not necessarily seen at lower magnifications) prior to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) into the ...
Shetty Shrimati - - 2013
The multiple functions attributed to microparticles (MPs) include blood coagulation, inflammation, tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, immunomodulatory functions and intercellular cross talk. These have drawn considerable interest during the last few years. The prothrombotic nature of MPs has linked them with almost all groups of thrombotic disorders including recurrent miscarriage (RM) and other ...
Johnson Maxine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: increasing overweight and obesity rates in pregnant women present health risks to mother and unborn infant. OBJECTIVES: to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing and carrying out maternal weight management interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: searches were carried out in medical, midwifery and nursing databases, augmented by hand searching of midwifery ...
Zagouri Flora - - 2013
: Cervical cancer is the most common solid carcinoma diagnosed during pregnancy; obviously, pregnancy adds complexity to treatment recommendations. We synthesized all available data and evaluated the efficacy and safety of the administration of platinum derivatives during pregnancy in cervical cancer. : Eligible articles were identified by a search of ...
Ghatak Soumya - - 2013
Primary solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the larynx involving the true vocal cords is an extremely rare entity. Extramedullary plasmacytoma has the potential to transform into multiple myeloma and mandates strict vigilance and routine follow-up. We describe such a case in a 29-year-old pregnant woman who presented with progressive hoarseness, dysphagia ...
Weckesser Annalise - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the experiences of pregnancy in women living with epilepsy through a review and synthesis of existing literature. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted in medical and social science databases to identify qualitative research, and questionnaires that included open-ended questions, which reported ...
Rodriguez Maria I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are an underutilized means to reduce unintended pregnancy. Advance provision of ECPs may increase timely use, thereby decreasing risk of unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE through February 2012 for randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) pertaining to safety and efficacy of advance provision ...
Zeina Abdel-Rauf - - 2012
Intrauterine subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rare event; maternal trauma, especially during the last trimester of pregnancy, is the best documented cause of fetal SDH. We report an extremely rare case of fetal SDH due to maternal trauma diagnosed by multidetector computed tomography. We also discuss the clinical and imaging ...
Parra-Cordero M - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model for preeclampsia (PET) using clinical, biochemical and ultrasound markers during the first trimester of pregnancy. Methods: This nested case-control study involved 5,367 asymptomatic pregnant women having transvaginal uterine artery Doppler (UtAD) at 11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks. Seventy pregnant ...
Shanthi Vanka - - 2012
The mouth serves as a mirror to general health and also as a portal for disease to the rest of the body. Since the old wives' tale of "the loss of a tooth for every pregnancy", oral health during pregnancy has long been a focus of interest. In the past ...
Kohorn Ernest I - - 2012
This article discusses several of the problems associated with imaging in gestational trophoblastic disease based on critical assessment of the literature. (1) Ultrasound scanning has revolutionized the diagnosis of abnormalities of the first trimester of pregnancy. Fetal death can now be diagnosed as early as 6 weeks of gestation, resulting ...
Mullins Edward - - 2012
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is an important and poorly understood condition of pregnancy, which results in significant fetal, neonatal and long-term morbidity and mortality. The aetiology of FGR is unknown and is likely to result from sub-optimal placental implantation and feto-maternal immunological interaction. The diagnostic criteria for FGR vary between ...
Melamed Nir - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To assess subsequent pregnancy outcome and to identify risk factors for recurrence of preeclampsia (PET) in women with PET in their first pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all nulliparous women diagnosed with PET during the years 1996-2008 (PET group, N=600). Outcome of subsequent pregnancy was compared ...
Monteagudo Ana - - 2012
Anatomy, pathology, and developmental changes of the fetal central nervous system (brain and spine) can be studied by prenatal sonography, using a transabdominal, or, and preferably, later in pregnancy in a cephalic presenting fetus, a transvaginal approach, with the possibility of obtaining coronal and sagittal views through the acoustic window ...
Mikić Aleksandra Novakov - - 2012
Adequate level of prenatal ultrasound scan is a prerequisite for a successful definition of high risk population that needs further investigations. "Basic", standardized fetal mid-trimester scan, with an informative report enables not only diagnosis of anomaly but also evaluation of state of pregnancy in general. This paper was aimed at ...
Hui Dini - - 2012
Objective: Abnormal serum screening markers have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to review the performance of combined abnormal first and/or second trimester maternal serum markers used in prenatal screening for aneuploidy and open neural tube defects for predicting preeclampsia (PET), small for gestational age (SGA), and stillbirth ...
Dodds Madeline - - 2011
Abstract We describe 3 cases of complex umbilical cord entanglement seen in the past 5 years at our Placenta Clinic. The cases were associated with intermittent fetal bradycardia, reduced fetal movements, and were all delivered prematurely with multiple umbilical cord loops around the neck, limbs, or body. One intrauterine fetal ...
Benaboud Sihem - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe lamivudine (3TC) pharmacokinetics (PK) in HIV-infected nonpregnant and pregnant women and their fetuses. Samples were collected according to therapeutic drug monitoring from 228 women treated with lamivudine and retrospectively analyzed by a population approach. The samples were also collected from cord blood ...
Osinaike B - - 2011
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is defined as the onset of acute heart failure without demonstrable cause in the last trimester of pregnancy or within the first six months after delivery. We report a case of PPCM (LVEF < 39%) in a 30-year-old housekeeper requiring emergency Caesarean section, who was successfully managed ...
Kathiresan Anupama S Q - - 2011
: We report a case of a large giant cell tumor of the thoracic spine presenting with spinal cord compression during pregnancy. : A 24-year-old woman presented at term with lower back pain, bilateral lower extremity weakness, numbness, and bowel and bladder incontinence. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a spinal soft ...
Tada Shin - - 2011
We present three extremely rare cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma occurring in pregnancy. The patients developed progressive paralysis of the upper and lower limbs and the diagnoses were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Urgent decompression is required to prevent neurological sequelae. The pregnancy may either be continued or delivered ...
Sanda Robert B - - 2011
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) is characterized by intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), elevation and splinting of the diaphragm, high pleural pressure, and poor venous return to the heart, producing low cardiac output and shock which, in turn, results in poor venous return across the capillaries to set in a vicious cycle. Unless ...
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2011
We present a case of a 36-year-old pregnant female after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Ultrasonographic examination at 8 weeks' gestation revealed umbilical cord insertion with a viable fetus located on the septum membrane of dichorionic twin pregnancy near the anterior wall, while the other fetus was observed to have vanished. Next, this ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2011
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma without discernable underlying conditions is a rare complication during pregnancy. We report a pregnant woman who developed the hematoma at 16 weeks of pregnancy; the earliest occurrence ever reported. A 36-year-old Japanese primipara with twins felt shoulder, neck and back pain at 16(+1) weeks with progressive quadriplegia. ...
Ghassabian Akhgar - - 2011
Maternal thyroid function during pregnancy is implicated in the neurodevelopment of the offspring, yet little is known about the effect of maternal thyroid parameters on the behavior of children. We investigated the association of maternal thyroid function during the first half of pregnancy with parent-reported problem behavior of the offspring ...
Weizsaecker K K Department of Obstetrics, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany. - - 2011
The data on the use of tipranavir and enfuvirtide in pregnancy are very limited. We performed a pharmacokinetic profile in a pregnant woman with multidrug-resistant HIV-1 infection at 37 weeks gestation. Tipranavir levels were in the therapeutic range and the cord blood concentration at delivery was relatively high when compared ...
Kuppens S M I - - 2011
  Objective:  To study the relationship between maternal thyroid function at each pregnancy trimester and neonatal screening results. Background: Overt maternal thyroid dysfunction during gestation is associated with poor neonatal thyroid function. However, research on the relationship between suboptimal maternal thyroid function (assessed at 3 trimesters) and neonatal thyroid screening ...
Baumann Kristin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism in pregnant women is a rare antenatal complication. Maternal symptoms include nephrolithiasis, bone disease, pancreatitis, hyperemesis, muscle weakness, mental status changes, and hypercalcemic crisis. Fetal complications comprise intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight, preterm delivery, intrauterine fetal death, postpartum neonatal titanic crisis, and permanent hypoparathyroidism. CASE: A ...
Costeira Maria José - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychomotor development of the progeny of women from a moderately iodine-deficient area for whom thyroid function during pregnancy was measured. STUDY DESIGN: The development of 86 children was assessed by the Bayley Scale of Infant Development at 12, 18, and 24 months. RESULTS: Maternal serum free ...
Krysiak Robert - - 2011
Pregnancy and lactation are associated with remarkable changes in calcium homeostasis, resulting from pregnancy-induced alterations in the production, metabolism and excretion of calcium and calcitropic hormones. Therefore, the clinical course of disorders affecting the parathyroid glands during pregnancy and lactation is often atypical. As the symptoms experienced by patients with ...
Dal Lago Alessandro - - 2011
BACKGROUND Proper maternal thyroid function is necessary for a successful pregnancy. In order to identify women who may experience miscarriage due to transient impairment of the pituitary-thyroid axis in early pregnancy, we aimed to investigate the ratio between basal and peak thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) [following stimulus with thyrotrophin-releasing hormone ...
Negro R - - 2011
Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is an uncommon disease, involving less than 1% of pregnancies. The recognition of hyperthyroidism may be elusive as some sign and symptoms may be attributed to the state of pregnancy itself. Furthermore, the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism is sometimes challenging and treatment must take into account not only ...
Burns Robert - - 2011
Background: The production of iodine-containing thyroid hormones necessary for brain development in the fetus depends not only on maternal dietary intake but also on placental iodine transport. The optimum level of iodine nutrition during pregnancy and the proportion of the pregnant population reaching this level have previously been evaluated. Little ...
Negro Roberto - - 2011
Context: Thyroid antibody positivity during pregnancy has been associated with adverse outcomes including spontaneous miscarriage, recurrent miscarriage, and preterm delivery. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether thyroid antibody positivity in the first trimester of pregnancy in euthyroid women was associated with maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes. ...
Murcia Mario - - 2011
Iodine is the main constituent of thyroid hormones, which in turn are required for fetal brain development. However, the relation between iodine intake during pregnancy, thyroid function, and child neurodevelopment needs further evaluation. The authors assessed the association of maternal iodine intake from diet and supplements during pregnancy and of ...
Drews Krzysztof - - 2011
Thyroid disorders are quite a common health problem in pregnant women, thus adequate treatment in this period is very important in order to decrease maternal and fetal morbidity. The prevalence of hyperthyroidism is estimated to be present in approximately 0.2-0.4% of all pregnancies and the most common is Graves disease. ...
Mathiesen Elisabeth R - - 2011
Pregnancy increases the risks of adverse outcomes for mother and infant in women with type 1 diabetes. Obtaining and maintaining adequate glycemic control during pregnancy is crucial for optimizing outcomes. The importance of prepregnancy planning and treatment during pregnancy is reviewed. The use of insulin analogues and antihypertensive drugs in ...
Li Jing - - 2011
Abstract Soy and its isoflavones have been suggested to suppress thyroperoxidase (TPO), induce goiter, inhibit deiodinase, and modulate immune functions. This study initially investigated the effects of dietary soy consumption on maternal thyroid functions and anti-TPO antibody (TPOAb) production during early pregnancy. Data were collected through questionnaire from 505 women ...
Sioka Chrissa - - 2011
We examined the effects of I-131 therapy for thyroid cancer on female and male gonads and pregnancy outcome. After an extensive review of the published literature we concluded that ablative administration of I-131 therapy may result in transient abnormalities of ovarian and testicular function, but subsequent pregnancies are safe without ...
Haddow James E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To estimate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and placental abruption. METHODS:: This cohort study assesses thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies in relation to placental abruption among 10,062 women with singleton viable pregnancies (from the First and Second Trimester Risk of Aneuploidy [FaSTER] trial). A thyroperoxidase antibody cutoff of 50 international ...
Ashoor Ghalia - - 2011
: To estimate the possible association between spontaneous early preterm delivery and maternal thyroid dysfunction in early pregnancy. : Maternal serum concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine, antithyroperoxidase, and antithyroglobulin antibodies at 11-13 weeks of gestation were compared in 102 singleton pregnancies, resulting in spontaneous delivery before 34 weeks ...
Hong Mun-Kun - - 2011
: Hyperparathyroidism is seldom encountered during pregnancy. Moreover, when the disease does occur, it is typically masked until late pregnancy or after delivery. : A previously healthy multiparous woman presented with sudden-onset severe preeclampsia with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome at 37 weeks of gestation. Acute intracerebral hemorrhage ...
Ghassabian Akhgar - - 2011
Maternal thyroid function during pregnancy is implicated in the neurodevelopment of the offspring, yet little is known about the effect of maternal thyroid parameters on the behavior of children. We investigated the association of maternal thyroid function during the first half of pregnancy with parent reported problem behavior of the ...
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