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Zhao Weizhi - - 2006
Alterations in maternal folate and homocysteine metabolism are associated with neural tube defects (NTDs). The role played by specific micronutrients and metabolites in the causal pathway leading to NTDs is not fully understood. We conducted a case-control study to investigate the association between NTDs and maternal alterations in plasma micronutrients ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2007
Neural tube defects, with a birth incidence of approximately 1/1,000, are the second most common (after congenital heart defects) type of congenital birth defects. The most common clinical presentations of neural tube defects include spina bifida and anencephaly. Spina bifida, which is one of the most common, serious malformations of ...
Massa Valentina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is an anticonvulsant drug that is widely used therapeutically for a variety of neurological conditions. VPA is also well known for its teratogenic potential in both humans and experimental animal models. The typical malformations observed following VPA exposure include neural tube defects (NTDs) and craniofacial and ...
Echeverría J C - - 2006
Heartbeat fluctuations show fractal-like correlations that are associated with highly adaptive cardiovascular regulatory systems. Moreover, the short-range fractal or scaling exponent alpha(1) extracted from these correlations has been found to be a predictor of mortality for subjects with an impaired left ventricular function. In general, the RR-interval data required for ...
Ceylaner Serdar - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to represent the distribution of disorders resulting from neural tube defects (NTDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 220 prenatally diagnosed cases with NTDs. Fetuses were evaluated by physical examination, anthropometric measurements, X-rays, and photographs after termination of pregnancy. Chromosome analysis ...
Archer Natalie P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although teratogen information services (TISs) obtain maternal exposure information from their callers, such services often do not know if the pregnancies were affected by a birth defect. This study attempted to improve the completeness of this information for Texas Teratogen Information Service (TTIS) callers by linking their records with ...
Missmer Stacey A - - 2006
Along the Texas-Mexico border, the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) among Mexican-American women doubled during 1990-1991. The human outbreak began during the same crop year as epizootics attributed to exposure to fumonisin, a mycotoxin that often contaminates corn. Because Mexican Americans in Texas consume large quantities of corn, primarily ...
Jaques Alice M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The Genetic Health Services Victoria maternal serum screening (MSS) quadruple test has been available to pregnant women in Victoria since 1996. The objectives of this study were to follow up the pregnancies screened by MSS between July 1998 and June 2000 and to determine the performance characteristics of the ...
Van Allen Margot I - - 2006
The birth incidence of neural tube defect (NTD) cases in British Columbia (B.C.), and elsewhere in North America, is reported to be declining. This decline is being attributed to folic acid (FA) supplementation and food fortification, but 2nd trimester prenatal screening of pregnancies for NTDs and other congenital anomalies has ...
Barini Ricardo - - 2006
Myelomeningocele (MM) is a congenital neural tube defect with serious consequences, including hydrocephaly. An important hope for intrauterine repair is that hydrocephaly may be prevented by reversing the Arnold-Chiari malformation. Three medical centers in the United States are doing trials with this objective. We describe an intrauterine correction of MM ...
Byrne Julianne - - 2006
Adverse pregnancy outcomes may be more frequent among sibs of individuals with neural tube defects (NTDs), and transmission of risk in families with an NTD may be more frequent among maternal relatives. In a study designed to evaluate matrilineal risk for NTDs, we compared adverse pregnancy outcomes among maternal and ...
Szajkowski Terrence P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) is a highly sensitive marker for certain congenital malformations such as open neural tube and ventral wall defects, its usefulness as a screening test for fetal hydrocephalus is uncertain. We wished to determine the distribution of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein levels associated with fetal hydrocephalus ...
Eggink A J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the histological effect on the neural tissue of in utero covering of an experimental neural tube defect in fetal lambs, with the use of two different biomatrices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 23 fetal sheep, surgery was performed at 79 days' gestation. ...
Vitoratos Nicolaos - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to examine the profile of selected proinflammatory cytokines in maternal serum of first-trimester pregnancies complicated by threatened abortion (TACP) and its relevance to obstetric outcome. Serum levels of Th1-type cytokines interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and Th2-type cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) ...
Duc-Goiran P - - 2006
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a major plasma protein produced during human fetal life. It is a good marker for several possible disorders affecting gestation. We previously reported that afp gene expression, which takes place mainly in yolk sac and fetal liver, also occurs in normal human placenta, specifically in early pregnancy. ...
Salvador Joaquín - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolving trends in prenatal ultrasound detection of birth defects and to suggest a method to avoid the bias generated by an increasing detection rate, when comparing different time periods. METHODS: In the population-based registry of birth defects of Barcelona (REDCB), 1976 cases with birth defects (1462 ...
Graham John M JM - - 2005
In a series of animal studies performed over a career spanning 40 years at the University of Sydney, Professor Marshall J. Edwards investigated the hypothesis that maternal hyperthermia during gestation can be teratogenic to the developing fetus. He is one of few investigators to have discovered a known human teratogen ...
Huemer Martina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal treatment with hydroxycobalamin (OH-Cbl) in a pregnancy at risk for a severe form of the cobalamin C defect and postnatal treatment of the affected child. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study with non-randomized intervention. RESULTS: In contrast to reported pregnancies with affected fetuses in which maternal methylmalonic aciduria ...
Eggink A J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Persistent exposure of the unprotected spinal cord to amniotic fluid and the uterine wall can lead to progressive damage of neural tissue in case of a myelomeningocele (two-hit hypothesis). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether in utero repair of an experimental neural tube defect in a ...
Werler Martha M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The most common medications used in pregnancy are nonprescription or over-the-counter medications, although there has been little research on their risks or safety. We describe the patterns of over-the-counter medication use among pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected in 2 case-control studies of birth defects: the Slone Epidemiology ...
Noack Frank - - 2005
OEIS complex refers to a combination of defects consisting of omphalocoele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects. The incidence of the OEIS complex is very rare, estimated to occur in 1 of 200,000-400,000 pregnancies. The aetiology of the OEIS complex is still unclear, single defects in blastogenesis ...
Wopereis Suzan - - 2005
Defects in the biosynthesis of N- and core 1 O-glycans may be found by isoelectric focusing (IEF) of plasma transferrin and apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III). We hypothesized that IEF of transferrin and apoC-III in combination with sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of apoC-III may provide a classification for congenital disorders ...
Suarez Lucina - - 2005
The authors examined the association between maternal polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels and risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in Mexican American women with NTD-affected pregnancies who resided in the 14 Texas-Mexico border counties during 1995-2000 (cases). Controls were randomly selected from study area women delivering normal live births. For PCB ...
Gelineau-van Waes Janee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides, a common contaminant of corn worldwide. FB1 disrupts sphingolipid biosynthesis by inhibiting the enzyme ceramide synthase, resulting in an elevation of free sphingoid bases and depletion of downstream glycosphingolipids. A relationship between maternal ingestion of FB1-contaminated corn ...
Cha Yong I - - 2005
Prostaglandin endoperoxide synthases (PTGS), commonly referred to as cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2), catalyze the key step in the synthesis of biologically active prostaglandins (PGs), the conversion of arachidonic acid (AA) into prostaglandin H2 (PGH2). Although COX and prostaglandins have been implicated in a wide variety of physiologic processes, an evaluation ...
Felkner Marilyn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Upon discovering an NTD incidence rate of 27/10,000 in a Texas border county, the Texas Department of Health initiated folic acid intervention for prevention of recurrent NTDs in this predominantly Mexican-American population. This paper describes compliance of this population with USPHS folic acid recommendations and the impact of supplementation ...
De Jenlis Sicot B - - 2005
Epidermolysis bullosa with pyloric atresia (EB-PA) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease with a poor prognosis. We report a case of EB-PA in a non-consanguineous couple with a non-contributory family history. The primigravid woman was referred to us because of polyhydramnios associated with fetal gastric dilatation at 33 weeks ...
Wallingford John B - - 2005
The vertebrate central nervous system is a hollow structure that develops first as a flat sheet of cells and subsequently rolls into a tube during embryogenesis. Failure of this rolling process, called neural tube closure, results in a class of common human birth defects called neural tube defects. The cellular ...
Daly Sean - - 2005
The role of folic acid and homocysteine in pregnancy is becoming clearer. The efforts of many countries to prevent neural tube defects through public awareness of folic acid have been disappointing, but evidence is now emerging that the food fortification programs in the United States and Canada are effective in ...
Glard Yann - - 2005
The authors performed a biometric analysis of the femoral patellar groove in fetus and compared their findings with those observed in adults. Forty-four formalin-preserved fetuses were studied (13-38 weeks). Digitalized images were used to obtain measurements (alpha angle of the groove, trochlear slopes thetaL and thetaM). A comparison of means ...
Roig M Dolores Gómez - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation between weight deficit at birth and IGF-I, IGFBP-I, Leptin, and AFP levels in amniotic fluid after 14-18 weeks; to assess the diagnostic usefulness of these biochemical markers. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective study. Amniocentesis was performed in pregnant women after 14-18 weeks of gestation. Study population: ...
Kiran T S U - - 2005
This study investigated the relationship between abnormal second trimester MSAFP levels and adverse pregnancy outcome. The findings revealed an association between low birth weight, prematurity and antepartum haemorrhage with abnormal unexplained high levels of second trimester MSAFP levels. However, macrosomia and increased gestational age at delivery were reported in relation ...
Cho Nam Hoon - - 2005
Although neuroepithelial tubules (NET) often are a component of immature teratoma (IT), they are not always required for diagnosis. Other somatic elements are sufficient and often verified with immunohistochemical stain. This study was designed to determine the definition of immaturity versus fetal ontogeny, using several molecular markers in IT. It ...
Collombet Jean-Marc - - 2005
To date, only short-term glial reaction has been extensively studied following soman or other warfare neurotoxicant poisoning. In a context of cell therapy by neural progenitor engraftment to repair brain damage, the long-term effect of soman on glial reaction and neural progenitor division was analyzed in the present study. The ...
Nørgård Bente - - 2005
It is still controversial whether aspirin use during pregnancy increases the risk of certain congenital abnormalities (in particular, neural tube defects, gastroschisis, and cleft lip +/- palate). We examined the risk of selected congenital abnormalities in a large case-control dataset from Hungary and found no increased risk of such congenital ...
Newby D - - 2005
Alphafetoprotein (AFP) is detectable in maternal serum from around six weeks of gestation and is synthesised by the yolk sac and the fetal liver. The role of the placenta in the transport and possible synthesis of AFP is uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate placental expression of ...
Bandomir Radosław - - 2005
We present the results of a first stage of development work on a new type of analyzer for hydrogen and C(1)-C(3) hydrocarbons concentration measurements in the lower explosive limit range, based on single pellistor sensor with artificial neural network data postprocessing.
Hobbs Charlotte A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is well established that folic acid prevents neural tube defects. Although the mechanisms remain unclear, multivitamins containing folic acid may also protect against other birth defects, including congenital heart defects. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to establish a maternal metabolic risk profile for nonsyndromic congenital heart defects that would ...
Logman J Floris S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Organic solvents are widely used, but conflicting reports exist concerning paternal exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the risks of spontaneous abortions (SAs) and major malformations (MMs) after paternal exposure to organic solvents. METHODS: Medline, Toxline, Reprotox, and Embase from 1966 to 2003 were ...
Cabrera Robert M - - 2004
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are serious malformations affecting approximately 1 per 1000 births, yet the mechanisms by which they arise are unknown. There have been consistent efforts in many fields of research to elucidate the etiology of this multifactorial condition. While no single gene has been identified as a major ...
Lei Ulrikke - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Levels of maternal alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) are increased during multiple gestations and preeclampsia but little is known regarding AFP levels in relation to other reproductive factors. Consequently, the objective of this work was to describe the possible relationship between AFP levels during pregnancy and maternal age at birth, maternal age ...
Björklund Natalie K - - 2004
The C677T MTHFR variant has been associated with the same third trimester pregnancy complications as seen in women who have elevations of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP). We hypothesized that these women with third trimester pregnancy complications and MSAFP elevations would have an increased frequency of the variant compared to an ...
Munro Malcolm G - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare electrosurgical waveform and electrode integrity as variables in the capacitive induction of current to the external sheath of four different resectoscopes. DESIGN: Laboratory comparative study. SETTING: Surgical laboratory. INSTRUMENTATION: Valleylab Force FX and Force 4 radiofrequency (RF) electrosurgical units (ESUs); resectoscopes from four manufacturers; and rollerball ...
Segal Jeffrey L - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of paravaginal defects and to report the correlation between diagnosing a paravaginal defect preoperatively and observing the presence of one intraoperatively. This was a prospective study in which 77 patients with at least stage 2 prolapse of the anterior vaginal ...
Mandiracioğlu Aliye - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in Izmir, Turkey, and to evaluate risk factors that may be associated with NTD-affected pregnancies. A nested case-control study was carried out in all hospitals in Izmir. Controls were matched with cases on an individual ...
Yamamoto Ritsu - - 2004
For the purpose of improving the clinical efficacy of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-L3% in prenatal screening for trisomy 21, we calculated the multiple of the median (MoM) of AFP-L3% (L3 MoM) and the ratio of L3 MoM to AFP MoM (L3 MoM/AFP MoM) in maternal serum. Maternal serum samples from 1822 women ...
Mizejewski Gerald J - - 2004
The use of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as a serum marker in cancer actually predates its employment in the detection of congenital defects; however, the latter use of AFP as a fetal defect marker has propelled its clinical utilization. Although the serum-marker capacity of AFP has long been exploited, less is known ...
- - 2004
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are serious birth defects of the spine (e.g., spina bifida) and the brain (e.g., anencephaly) that occur during early pregnancy, often before a woman knows she is pregnant; 50%-70% of these defects can be prevented if a woman consumes sufficient folic acid daily before conception and ...
Relton Caroline L - - 2004
Previous studies have shown conflicting findings in linking polymorphic variation in folate-related genes to the risk of neural tube defect pregnancy. Recent evidence points to maternal genotype being important in determining NTD risk. A case-control study was undertaken in 97 mothers of NTD cases from the northern region of the ...
Stone Katherine M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral acyclovir is commonly used for genital herpes and other herpesvirus infections. Data on potential fetal risk are extremely limited. From 1984 to 1998, the Acyclovir in Pregnancy Registry monitored birth outcomes of women exposed to oral or intravenous acyclovir during pregnancy. This report describes the final results. METHODS: ...
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