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Portela Silvane Nenê SN Program of Post-Graduation of Health Sciences, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), School of Medicine, University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and Universidade Federal Da Fronteira Sul (UFFS), Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Physical activity during pregnancy is known to be beneficial, however there are controversies about the risk of preterm labor, and there is no published data to assess the association between cervical length and maternal physical activity during pregnancy. Therefore, the objective of the study was to describe the cervical length ...
Kolu Päivi P UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Kaupinpuistonkatu 1, 33501, Tampere, Finland, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of physical activity before and during pregnancy on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Data from the cluster-randomised gestational diabetes mellitus primary prevention trial conducted in maternity clinics were utilised in a secondary analysis. The cases considered were pregnant women who ...
Jadhav Ashish Anantrao - - 2013
Abstract Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme of purine salvage pathway and has two important isoenzymes ADA1 and ADA2. The activity of ADA has been changed in diseases characterized by altered cell-mediated immunity. It was observed that total serum ADA activity was decreased during normal pregnancy compared with non-pregnant women. ...
Da Costa Deborah - - 2013
This study compared perceived benefits and barriers to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy among women who were insufficiently active or inactive before pregnancy. Eighty-two pregnant women completed questionnaires assessing leisure-time physical activity benefits/barriers, exercise self-efficacy, social support, depressed mood, pre-pregnancy and current physical activity and fatigue. Multivariable regression analyses identified ...
Ivanova A S - - 2013
We compared activity of peritoneal macrophages in rats during normal pregnancy and under the action of NO-synthase inhibitor L-NAME, of E. coli LPS, SOD, and α-tocopherol analogue trolox. In non-pregnant rats, E. coli LPS stimulated peritoneal macrophages, while L-NAME produced a dose-dependent effect. During pregnancy, E. coli LPS activated phagocytosis, ...
Desforges Michelle - - 2013
Taurine is an important nutrient in intrauterine life, being required for fetal organ development and cellular renewal of syncytiotrophoblast (STB), the nutrient transport epithelium of the placenta. As taurine is conditionally essential in human pregnancy, the fetal and placental demand for taurine is met by uptake from maternal blood into ...
Yamada Takashi T Department of Obstetrics, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that the blood antithrombin (AT) activity is correlated with the plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC), the plasma renin activity (PRA), and/or the PAC-to-PRA ratio during the late stage of pregnancy. The AT activity, PAC, and PRA were determined within 7 days prior to delivery in 47 women, ...
Lynch Kristine E - - 2012
A growing body of evidence suggests that physical activity during pregnancy can reduce risk of pregnancy complications. However, factors influencing activity in pregnant Hispanic women, who have high rates of sedentary activity as compared to non-Hispanic whites, are not well characterized. To assess patterns and correlates of physical activity among ...
- - 2012
The majority of miscarriages are sporadic and most result from genetic causes that are greatly influenced by maternal age. Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined by two or more failed clinical pregnancies, and up to 50% of cases of RPL will not have a clearly defined etiology.
Chakera Ali J - - 2012
In women with hyperglycemia due to heterozygous glucokinase (GCK) mutations, the fetal genotype determines its growth. If the fetus inherits the mutation, birth weight is normal when maternal hyperglycemia is not treated, whereas intensive treatment may adversely reduce fetal growth. However, fetal genotype is not usually known antenatally, making treatment ...
Eckmann-Scholz Christel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe early ultrasound findings in Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) in first and second trimester of three families, detailed ultrasound findings have been documented in addition to pathoanatomical findings and results of DNA studies. A splice site mutation in the MKS4 gene could be detected. Clinical management accounting risk assessment ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To present molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling for osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type IV in a pregnancy carried to term with favorable outcome. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old, primigravid woman was referred for genetic counseling in the second trimester because of advanced maternal age and a positive family history of OI ...
Tamura Deborah D Dermatology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892-4258, - - 2012
The XPD(ERCC2) gene encodes a DNA helicase involved in DNA repair and transcription. Patients with mutations in XPD may have different autosomal recessive phenotypes including trichothiodystrophy (TTD) or xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). TTD patients have sulfur-deficient, brittle hair, short stature and developmental delay. In contrast, XP patients have freckle-like pigmentation and ...
Castell A L - - 2012
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor protein gamma (PPARγ), a nuclear receptor involved in adipocyte differentiation, energy homoeostasis and fat storage, can lead, in rare cases of coding mutations, to familial partial lipodystrophy type 3 (FPLD3) with severe insulin resistance. PPARγ is also highly expressed in the syncytiotrophoblast and extravillous cytotrophoblast cells. ...
Galbiati Silvia - - 2012
In pregnancy, the discovery of fetal DNA in maternal blood outlined new scenarios for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of numerous fetal pathological conditions based on a new source of fetal genetic material. Tests on fetal DNA circulating in maternal plasma are expected to replace or reduce invasive procedures, such as chorionic ...
Schulz Anna Carina - - 2012
The etiology of gastroschisis remains elusive. A classic twin study was used to assess the relative contribution of environmental and genetic factors in its development. Screening of 4872 twin pregnancies identified three unreported twin pairs comprising two monozygous and one dizygous discordant pair of twins. Review of the literature identified ...
Xia Yan - - 2012
Inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency carries a 50% risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy. Here, we investigated the molecular basis of type I AT deficiency in two women with recurrent VTE in the first trimester of pregnancy. Phenotype analysis showed both probands had almost 50% of normal AT levels. Two ...
Ulcova-Gallova Z - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate two patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) who suffered from multiple repeated pregnancy losses of probably genetically impaired embryos. Sera from these patients contained high levels of IgG antibodies against cardiolipin, IgG and IgM phosphatidyl inositol, IgG phosphatidyl L-serine, and IgG against anti-annexin ...
Yonath Hagith - - 2012
To increase awareness to the possibility of nemaline myopathy (NM) when abnormal prenatal ultrasound findings appear together with a carrier state for the common exon 55 deletion in the nebulin gene (NEB) of an Ashkenazi Jewish parent. We describe four unrelated pregnancies with abnormal prenatal ultrasound findings resulting in the ...
Marcum Catherine B - - 2011
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign vascular proliferation that clinically manifests as nodules and papules of the head and neck region. We report a profound, rapidly proliferating case of ALHE in a 3-week postpartum woman that clinically mimicked angiosarcoma. The clinical and histologic features of ALHE, Kitamura ...
Kumar Shiva S Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sri DevarajUrs, Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, - - 2011
A number of genetic, congenital and acquired dermatoses have been known to follow Blaschko's lines. A common disorder like lichen planus can very rarely present with pruritic lesions in atypical patterns such as unilateral distribution, painful eruptions and along Blaschko's lines. Various triggering factors varying from viral infections and vaccinations ...
Zhang Gen-Hua - - 2011
This study investigates whether mother's exposure to the artificial sweetener acesulfame-K (AK) during pregnancy or lactation affected her adult offspring's sweet preference. It was found that mother's dietary exposure to AK in pregnancy or lactation decreased the preference thresholds for AK and sucrose solutions in the adult offspring, whereas the ...
Nitsche Joshua F - - 2010
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are an important part of the innate immune system and are present in a variety of human tissues. Work investigating the role of the TLR in pregnancy has thus far focused on placental tissue; however, minimal data is currently available concerning TLR expression in other tissues. Unlike ...
Cinkaya Aysegül - - 2010
To investigate the role of oxidative stress and antioxidant status in preterm labor. Twenty-five cases diagnosed with preterm labor were included in the study group, whereas 25 women with uncomplicated pregnancies at similar stages of pregnancy were included in the control group. Total antioxidant status was measured in maternal plasma ...
Torricelli Michela - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical, sonographic, and hormonal variables that influence the success of labor induction in nulliparous postterm pregnancies. Fifty nulliparous women with a single postterm pregnancy receiving a slow-release prostaglandin estradiol pessary were prospectively enrolled, and clinical characteristics were analyzed in relation to ...
Chen Fei - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness and safety of using the combination of dinoprostone suppository and ethacridine and ethacridine alone for the induction of mid-term pregnancy. The clinical data of 96 patients at 16-27+6 gestational weeks in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2008 to December 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients ...
Heng Yujing Jan - - 2010
Proteomic analysis of human cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) by 2D electrophoresis revealed significant differential expression of several major antioxidant enzymes during late pregnancy and term labor. Temporal quantitative changes of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn SOD) and thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) with impending term labor were investigated, and the potential ...
Pesiridou Angeliki - - 2010
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is recommended by the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on ECT as a safe and effective treatment of depression throughout pregnancy. We report here administration of ECT in the third trimester of pregnancy in a 33-year-old patient with severe bipolar depression. The patient had a good antidepressant ...
Opotowsky Alexander R - - 2010
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a relatively common complex congenital heart defect. Prior to development of staged reconstruction (i.e., Norwood procedure), HLHS was almost universally fatal within months of birth. Early survivors of the Norwood procedure are now reaching reproductive age. We report successful pregnancies in two such women. ...
Koucký Michal - - 2010
to assess the relationship between maternal and umbilical serum concentrations of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2,8,9, the soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and IL-10 and premature delivery and fetal inflammation. maternal serum levels of MMPs, sRAGE, IL-10 and C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined in 67 women with preterm labor ...
Roos Nathalie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors associated with postterm pregnancy and cesarean delivery following labor induction. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: From the Swedish Medical Birth Register, a total of 1,176,131 singletons births from gestational week 37 and onwards, between 1992 and 2006. METHODS: Unconditional logistic regression analysis. MAIN ...
Shokry Mahmoud - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether intrapartum epidural analgesics (bupivacaine or ropivacaine) have an influence (safety and efficacy) on mothers, fetuses, or newborns at high altitudes (2,200 m above the sea level). DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: A tertiary referral hospital in Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. POPULATION: Eighty parturient women with normal ...
Yildirim Gokhan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of membrane sweeping at initiation of labor induction in low-risk patients at term pregnancy (38-40 gestational weeks). METHODS: This prospective study included 351 antenatal women who were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a sweeping of the membranes group (n = 181) and a ...
Becroft David M O - - 2010
The objective was to identify histologic chorioamnionitis ("amnionitis") in the placental disc at term and to investigate associations with demographic, lifestyle, and pregnancy factors and with allergic diseases, atopy, and intelligence quotients in childhood. The setting was a population-based case control study of small-for-gestational age infants at term. One thousand ...
Julliac B - - 2010
Significant fetal bradycardia occurred when a parturient receiving labor epidural analgesia experienced generalized numbness and tingling, a metallic taste and hot flushes. An emergent cesarean delivery under general anesthesia was performed with favorable outcomes for the mother and baby. The most likely source of the maternal symptoms was spiramycin, which ...
Vintzileos Anthony M - - 2010
Ultrasound machines are nowadays part of the armamentarium of all modern Labor and Delivery Suites. Due to their portability, these machines are ideal for use in emergencies which can occur at any of the labor and delivery rooms. Many of the emergencies in Labor and Delivery can be life threatening; ...
Madendag Ilknur Col - - 2010
Mastocytosis is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal accumulation of mast cells in various organs. Clinical complaints include pruritus, cutaneous flushing, dyspepsia, and episodes of anaphylaxis, and are usually the result of local and systemic mast cell mediator release. The triggers include a variety of factors including drugs, exercise, stress, ...
Delaney Shani - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare 30-mL and 60-mL Foley balloon inflation for labor induction and the effect on length of labor and mode of delivery. METHODS: Women with term, vertex, singleton pregnancies (n=192) and a Bishop score less than 5 were assigned randomly to receive a transcervical Foley balloon inflated to either ...
Maharaj Dushyant - - 2010
Dystocia, or abnormally slow progress in labor, can result from cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), malposition of the fetal head as it enters the birth canal, or ineffective uterine propulsive forces. Cephalopelvic disproportion occurs when there is mismatch between the size of the fetal head and size of the maternal pelvis, resulting ...
Sinha Renu - - 2010
Takayasu aortoarteritis in a pregnant patient is often associated with severe life-threatening complications. The coexistence of associated dilated cardiomyopathy can further complicate the pregnancy, particularly during parturition and at the time of delivery. We describe the management of labor analgesia in a symptomatic parturient suffering from advanced Takayasu aortoarteritis with ...
Ramirez Mildred M MM Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Mildred.M.Ramirez - - 2010
We describe obstetric outcomes in a group of patients with prior cesarean delivery (CD) presenting with an intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD). A secondary analysis of an observational study of women with prior CD was performed. All antepartum singleton pregnancies with a prior CD and IUFD ≥20 weeks' gestation or 500 ...
Lee Deug-Chan - - 2010
The mechanism of mouse parturition is thought to involve myometrial infiltration by amniotic fluid (AF) macrophages, activated by surfactant protein-A (SP-A). In humans, the concentration of AF SP-A decreases during labor, and no fetal macrophages are found in the myometrium after labor. Therefore, it appears that the mechanisms of labor ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Visfatin, a novel adipokine with metabolic and immunoregulatory properties, has been implicated in the regulation of fetal growth, as well as in preterm labor. A gap in knowledge is whether spontaneous labor at term is associated with changes in the maternal and fetal concentrations of visfatin. The aim of this ...
Balci Osman - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of an oxytocin infusion alone or preceded by an intravaginal application of misoprostol for labor induction in women with term pregnancies and a low Bishop score. METHODS: This study randomized 100 multiparous women with singleton pregnancies over 38 weeks and a Bishop score less than ...
Zwelling Elaine - - 2010
The benefits of maternal movement and position changes to facilitate labor progress have been discussed in the literature for decades. Recent routine interventions such as amniotomy, induction, fetal monitoring, and epidural anesthesia, as well as an increase in maternal obesity, have made position changes during labor challenging. The lack of ...
Kunt Cigdem - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) vaginal insert with those of oxytocin for labor induction. The present study also examined whether its use reduces the rate of cesarean delivery in term pregnancies with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) ...
Steinman Gary - - 2010
Prevention of preterm labor or arrest of ongoing premature labor in a twin gestation is more difficult to achieve than in singleton pregnancies. This clinical perspective is intended to review currently applied methods and to propose a more effective means to resolve this problem. A number of tocolytic methods have ...
Simkin Penny - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The fetal occiput posterior position poses challenges in every aspect of intrapartum care-prevention, diagnosis, correction, supportive care, labor management, and delivery. Maternal and newborn outcomes are often worse and both physical and psychological traumas are more common than with fetal occiput anterior positions. The purpose of this paper is ...
Abreu Rita - - 2010
Rudimentary-horn pregnancy (RHP) is a rare condition which is usually presented as a rupture of the pregnant horn during the second or third trimester, resulting in life-threatening bleeding. The authors report two cases of RHP which were diagnosed at the time of labor induction following fetal death diagnosis. Although the ...
Nakayama Kae - - 2010
To examine changes in the levels of 13, 14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGFM) in saliva during pregnancy, labor and the postpartum period, and to evaluate the relationship between cervical dilatation or contraction interval and salivary PGFM levels during labor. This longitudinal study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics in a hospital ...
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