Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1075
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Stika Catherine S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We compared the safety of celecoxib, a selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor, with the safety of the nonselective cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor indomethacin, when it was administered for treatment of preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 24 pregnant women in preterm labor at 24 to 34 weeks of gestation ...
McVeigh Carol - - 2002
This study presents the results of reliability and validity testing of the Inventory of Functional Status after Childbirth (IFSAC) when used in an Australian sample. Data were obtained from a culturally diverse group of 173 women residing in a regional city in New South Wales, Australia. Participants could read and ...
Loftin Charles D - - 2002
Preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and contributes significantly to infant morbidity. Classical cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors, such as indomethacin, which inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2, are effective for delaying premature labor, but their use is limited by serious complications to the fetus and neonate, including adverse effects ...
Al-Fozan Haya - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the indications, and the safety and efficacy of operative laparoscopy in pregnancy with a particular attention to the pregnancy outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Hemodynamics changes during laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy are similar to those observed in the nonpregnant state. The ...
Paraskevaidis Evangelos - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to report the delivery outcomes in women who had loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) for microinvasive cervical cancer (stage IA1 without lymphovascular invasion) and became pregnant and progressed beyond 24 weeks. METHODS: A case-control study was performed. Twenty-eight women who were managed exclusively ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is produced by the placenta and intrauterine tissues and secreted in increasing amounts from early to term pregnancy. In the presence of labor, a more incisive increase in CRF levels has been described, and women with preterm labor or those destined to have premature delivery have ...
Ross Michael G - - 2002
Intrapartum asphyxia is responsible for only a small proportion of cerebral palsy cases, although obstetricians are often held accountable. Umbilical cord pH and blood gas values provide valuable information regarding the status of the infant at birth; base excess determination quantifies the magnitude of metabolic acidosis, the putative risk factor ...
Witcher Patricia Sauer - - 2002
The ultimate goal of treating preterm labor is to prolong the pregnancy long enough to decrease the incidence of neonatal mortality and morbidity associated with prematurity, while minimizing maternal and fetal risks. There are many controversies in treating preterm labor. Much of this controversy stems from the difficulty in establishing ...
Sheiner E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare obstetric risk factors for failure of labor to progress in the first versus the second stage. STUDY DESIGN: A comparison was performed of all singleton, vertex and term deliveries with an unscarred uterus, complicated with non-progressive labor during the first and the second stages. Deliveries occurred between ...
Eskandari Niloofar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Factor VII deficiency is an autosomal recessive bleeding disorder with an incidence of one in 500,000. Few cases have been reported in pregnancy, and only two patients were treated with recombinant factor VIIa. In the past, fresh frozen plasma or factor VII concentrate has been the conventional treatment for ...
Rosen Mark A - - 2002
This historic review was written to clarify the known efficacy and side effects of paracervical blockade for labor analgesia. Although the popularity of the technique has diminished considerably, it continues to be used by some clinicians with ostensibly good results. The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR;SR-PREG) and the electronic database ...
Harle T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancy patients without any fetal or maternal disease, managed by labor induction or expectant management after 36 weeks gestation. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 81 patients: labor induction (n=36) vs. expectant management (n=45). Labor was induced using oxytocin (n=18), ...
Volz Joachim - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of pregnancy and spontaneous delivery after total hypophysectomy. DESIGN: A case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 34-year-old woman with panhypopituitarism after hypophysectomy in childhood for craniopharyngioma. INTERVENTION(S): Successful fertility treatment followed by sufficient hormone substitution therapy during pregnancy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical variables. ...
Velickovic Ivan A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The anesthetic management of labor and delivery in patients with any form of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is not well defined. Using patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA), or epidural analgesia, in such a rare clinical situation has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old, gravida 3, para 2, ...
Okutomi T - - 2002
Induction of labor under analgesia was planned for a 30-year-old-primiparous patient with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), as her fetal evaluation revealed intrauterine growth restriction at 38 weeks' gestation. However, regional analgesia during labor may present a potential risk for hemodynamic instability in patients with HOCM due to the possibility of ...
Janni Wolfgang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: While obstetrical management has changed significantly over years, the optimal duration of the second stage of labor still remains to be defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the duration of labor on fetal distress and maternal perinatal morbidity. METHODS: There were 1457 consecutive ...
Rabl Michaela - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of a prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) vaginal insert with PGE2 administered as a vaginal tablet. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, observational study was performed. Women requiring induction of labor were randomly assigned to receive either a 10-mg PGE2 vaginal insert (group 1, n = 100) ...
Zhang Jun - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiology of labor induction in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: We used U.S. natality data from 1989 to 1998 and examined the rate of labor induction by year, geographic region, maternal characteristics and pregnancy complications. RESULTS: Between 1990 and 1998, the rate of labor induction increased ...
Larmon J E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether weekly outpatient administration of prostaglandin gel or estrogen cream initiated labor in women with an unfavorable cervix. METHODS: All uncomplicated pregnancies at term gestation who were candidates for a vaginal delivery with a Bishop score of < or = 6 were randomly assigned to receive on ...
Kubli Mark - - 2002
We compared the metabolic effects of allowing women isotonic "sport drinks" rather than water to drink during labor. The effect of these drinks on gastric residual volume was also evaluated. Sixty women in early labor (cervical dilation <5 cm) were randomized to receive either isotonic sport drinks or water only. ...
Treger M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence of maternal and fetal complications in low-risk pregnancies beyond 39 weeks and to re-evaluate the acceptable cut-off (42 weeks) for induction of labor. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 36 160 low-risk pregnancies with reliable dating of gestational age (last menstrual period and early ultrasound examination) ...
LeszczyƄska-Gorzelak Bozena - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fetal blood oxygenation (SpO(2)) by means of continuous pulse oximetry during labor and its relation to the neonatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal SpO(2) was measured continuously during labor with a noninvasive pulse oximetry for fetal application. The average, minimum and ...
Leszczynska-Gorzelak B - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: A retrospective analysis of short-term variability (STV), a cardiotocography (CTG) parameter, in relation to fetal blood saturation values (FSpO(2)) obtained by fetal pulse oximetry. METHODS: The study included 26 healthy pregnant women monitored continuously during delivery with both cardiotocography and fetal pulse oximetry. RESULTS: Lower FSpO(2) values were observed ...
Rabl M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether acupuncture at term can influence cervical ripening, induce labor and thus reduce the need for postdates induction. METHODS: On the estimated date of confinement (EDC) women were prospectively randomized to an acupuncture group (AG) or a control group (CG). Data ...
Selçuk Tuncer Z - - 2001
Evan's syndrome was initially diagnosed in a 26-year-old pregnant patient. Following the introduction of high dose steroid therapy, the patient developed possible disseminated gonococcal infection which was followed by preterm labor and abruptio placentae. A cesarean delivery was performed at the 34th week of pregnancy following platelet infusion. While the ...
Pandis G K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of misoprostol in the induction of labor at term by comparing this agent with the commonly used dinoprostone gel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial of vaginal misoprostol, 50 microg 6-hourly, and dinoprostone gel, 1-2 mg 6-hourly, in 435 women undergoing induction ...
Eskandar M A - - 2001
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta is an uncommon disease, especially during pregnancy. In review of the obstetric literature, there was no report of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta during pregnancy. A 25-year-old female was seen at 24 weeks of gestation for consultation about a cutaneous disease. She was admitted at ...
Fitzpatrick M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of intrapartum persistent occiput posterior position of the fetal head on delivery outcome and anal sphincter injury, with reference to the association with epidural analgesia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 246 women with persistent occiput posterior position in labor during a 2-year ...
Telfer J F - - 2001
The role of cGMP in the regulation of human myometrial smooth muscle contractility is at present unclear. cGMP can be synthesized by a cytoplasmic, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), which is stimulated by nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, and by particulate membrane-bound GC, which are activated by natriuretic peptides. The aim ...
Schabel J E - - 2001
A patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA), which is a rare form of congenital heart disease that is characterized by discordant atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connections, was admitted for induction of labor at 40 weeks' gestation. This patient was first diagnosed with CCTGA at 20 weeks' gestation ...
Gervasi M T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Experimental and clinical studies support a role for the fetus in the control of the onset of labor. Fetal systemic inflammation, but not a maternal inflammatory response, has been linked to the onset of preterm labor and delivery on the basis of the determination of inflammatory cytokines in fetal ...
Browne I M - - 2001
A 43-year-old woman with a history of lidocaine allergy required dermatologic surgery during pregnancy. To accomplish this without the use of general anesthesia, intradermal allergy testing was performed. This information enabled appropriate anesthetic care for a tissue biopsy at 29 weeks' gestation and subsequent labor analgesia and obstetric management at ...
Albers L L - - 2001
Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) was implemented across the United States in the 1970s. By 1998, it was used in 84% of all U.S. births, regardless of whether the primary caregiver was a physician or a midwife. Numerous randomized trials have agreed that continuous EFM in labor increases the operative delivery ...
Vallejo M C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory epidural analgesia (AEA) is a popular choice for labor analgesia because ambulation reportedly increases maternal comfort, increases the intensity of uterine contractions, avoids inferior vena cava compression, facilitates fetal head descent, and relaxes the pelvic musculature, all of which can shorten labor. However, the preponderance of evidence suggests ...
Lucas M J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the peripartum and perinatal effects of epidural with intravenous labor analgesia in women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: Women with pregnancy-induced hypertension who had consented to participate were randomized to receive either epidural or intravenous analgesia for labor pain. Both methods ...
Rouse D J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To generate contemporary uterine activity and labor progress data for oxytocin-augmented labor, and assess whether 2 hours of active phase labor arrest with at least 200 Montevideo units justifies cesarean delivery. METHODS: Five hundred and one consecutive spontaneously laboring term women with abnormally progressive labor were managed by a ...
Blackwell S C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the success rate of labor induction in patients with severe pre-eclampsia delivered at < or = 34 weeks' gestation; to identify factors associated with its success; and to evaluate neonatal outcomes based on induction success or failure. METHODS: We identified pregnancies ...
Sahin H G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and complications of intravaginal misoprostol for induction of labor in patients with and without toxemia of pregnancy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with toxemia of pregnancy (group 1) and 59 women at term without toxemia (group 2) with Bishop scores of < or = 6 were treated ...
Slattery M M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of three cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors: nimesulide, meloxicam, and celecoxib, which exhibit varying COX-2 selectivity, on contractile activity in pregnant (before and after labor) and nonpregnant human myometrial tissue in vitro. METHODS: Isometric tension recording was performed under physiologic conditions in isolated myometrial strips obtained from ...
Bujold E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of successful vaginal birth including operative vaginal delivery in patients with a previous cesarean for cephalopelvic disproportion in the second stage of labor. METHODS: Data from all patients who underwent trial of labor after a previous cesarean between 1990 and 2000 at our tertiary care ...
Sim K B - - 2001
A woman suffered from massive blunt injuries in a motor vehicle accident at a presumed 4 weeks' gestation, but she successfully carried the fetus for an additional 29 weeks. Premature labor began at 33 weeks' gestation and a live 1,890 g male was delivered. His development was normal for the ...
Kaul B - - 2001
Labor epidural analgesia (LEA) is allegedly associated with maternal fever and an increase in the newborn sepsis work-up (SWU) rate. In this study, we evaluated whether LEA causes an increase in the SWU rate compared with a Control group given parenteral narcotics for labor pain. Maternal and neonatal data were ...
Scott J E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Continuous infusion of the selective prostaglandin synthase type-2 inhibitor nimesulide, together with the oxytocin receptor antagonist atosiban, inhibits glucocorticoid induction of labor in sheep. We evaluated the effectiveness of this treatment commencing after the onset of premature labor when prostaglandin concentrations are already significantly elevated. METHODS: Premature labor was ...
Ramsey P S - - 2001
Although the advent of broad-spectrum antibiotics has markedly improved the maternal outcomes of pneumonia complicating pregnancy, pneumonia remains a significant condition that may complicate pregnancy. This article has reviewed the inherent physiologic respiratory changes that accompany pregnancy and the common causes of pneumonia in the pregnant woman. The clinical course ...
Garfield R E - - 2001
In this review, we outline studies showing that the uterus (myometrium) and cervix pass through a conditioning step in preparation for labor. This step is not easily identifiable with present methods designed to assess the uterus or cervix. In the uterus, this seemingly irreversible step consists of changes in the ...
Papatsonis D N - - 2001
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have the ability to inhibit contractility in smooth muscle cells. CCBs have an already established role in the treatment of non-pregnant hypertension and angina pectoris. Some epidemiological studies found an association between the use of CCBs and an increase in cardiovascular mortality, malignancy, and gastrointestinal bleeding. ...
Saisto T - - 2001
Pain tolerance in women suffering and not suffering from fear of labor during and after pregnancy were compared. Twenty women with labor fear and 20 control women were subjected to a cold pressor test (CPT) on average 1 month before delivery and 9 months later. Half the volunteers were nulliparous ...
Sobande A A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of labor in grandmultiparous patients (para >5) who had induction of labor with prostaglandin E2 vaginal tablets with grandmultiparous patients in spontaneous labor, and to observe the complications during induction of labor. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was carried out at King Faisal Military ...
Jeffery B S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively test the value of a symphysis-fundal measurement in labor of less than or equal to 29 cm as a predictor of birth mass below 2000 g. METHOD: Women admitted to Kalafong Hospital in labor with a singleton pregnancy were included in the study. Symphysis-fundal measurement according to ...
Zhang J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: More than 50% of pregnant women in the United States are using epidural analgesia for labor pain. However, whether epidural analgesia prolongs labor and increases the risk of cesarean delivery remains controversial. STUDY DESIGN: We examined this question in a community-based, tertiary military medical center where the rate of ...
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