Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1076
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Cooley Sharon - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the influence that fetal head position has on induction, labor and delivery outcome for both mother and baby. METHODS: During a one month period, in November 1999, all women attending for a post-dates scan were enrolled as the study population. In total, 91 women formed our study ...
Hebisch Gundula - - 2004
AIMS: To measure maternal serum interleukins (IL) in pregnancy, delivery and early puerperium, and to identify their potential determinants. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal measures of serum IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-8 in 38 healthy pregnant women at antenatal visits, through labor and delivery, with clinical correlates (infection, vaginal hemorrhage and anemia) ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2004
In nature, when a laboring animal feels threatened or disturbed, the stress hormone catecholamine shuts down labor. Similarly, when a laboring woman does not feel safe or protected or when the progress of her normal labor is altered, catecholamine levels rise and labor slows down or stops. This column discusses ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2004
Regional anesthesia has become a hallmark of modern obstetric anesthesia practice and a paramount technique for labor analgesia. Neurologic complications associated with present-day labor analgesia are thought to be unusual; however, they can occasionally complicate peripartum obstetric and anesthetic management of pregnant patients. To date, no review article in obstetric ...
Huh Warner K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the administration of oxytocin at the beginning and end of the third stage of labor for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS: Patients with documented singleton pregnancies were randomly assigned to two groups. The first received 10 units of oxytocin intramuscularly ...
Evron Shmuel - - 2004
The objective was to evaluate the influence of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) using low doses of bupivacaine vs. ropivacaine, on labor pain, motor blockade, progression of labor, delivery and neonatal outcome. This randomized double blind study included 565 parturients. All received a 5-mL/h infusion and PCEA (5-mL boluses with a ...
Dede F Suat - - 2004
The efficacy and safety of misoprostol for cervical ripening and labor induction in patients with oligohydramnios was investigated. 57 pregnancies with oligohydramnios and 58 cases with a normal amniotic fluid volume (controls) were enrolled in this prospective trial. All patients received 50 microg of intravaginal misoprostol every 5 h. Primary ...
Saito M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the degree of change in cervical length during a uterine contraction is predictive of subsequent progression of labor. METHODS: The subjects were 73 uncomplicated parturient women at term. We observed the cervix before, during and after a uterine contraction by transvaginal ultrasound in the first stage ...
Sunoo Christian S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation occurs in approximately 4% of term pregnancies. Recently the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology has suggested that cesarean section is the safest option if the fetus remains in breech position. As an alternative to cesarean section, external cephalic version has been used prior to labor and ...
Gei Alfredo F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a potentially life threatening, acute, and severe systemic reaction that occurs after the reexposure to a specific antigen. This immunoglobulin E-mediated process is the result of the action of basophils and mast cell mediators, causing severe brochospasm, laringospasm, angioedema, urticaria, and cardiovascular collapse. CASE: We present a ...
Polley Linda S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The minimum local analgesic concentration has been defined as the median effective local analgesic concentration (EC50) in a 20-ml volume for epidural analgesia in the first stage of labor. The aim of this study was to assess the relative analgesic potencies of epidural levobupivacaine and ropivacaine by determination of ...
Reis F M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether biochemical (fetal fibronectin assay) or biophysical (cervical assessment by transvaginal ultrasound) tests may have more value than digital examination in predicting successful induction of labor at term. STUDY DESIGN: The study enrolled prospectively 134 women undergoing labor induction at term ...
Newman Roger B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between prelabor uterine contraction frequency (UCF) and the success of tocolytic therapy for preterm labor (PTL). STUDY DESIGN: Eleven centers conducted a prospective, observational study of UCF recorded between 22(0/7) and 36(6/7) weeks' gestational age or until delivery > or = 2 times/d on > ...
Kerr Madeleine J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Construction and farming are characterized by small independently operated enterprises; few are included in hearing loss prevention programs. This study describes perceived and measured hearing ability among construction laborers and farmers in order to further the Healthy People 2010 goal to reduce noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). METHODS: Construction laborers ...
Kim So Young - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of biophysical profile (BPP) during normal labor. The secondary goal was to assess the effect of oxytocics, regional anesthesia, and ruptured membranes on fetal behavior during labor. METHODS: The BPP (according to the Manning criteria) was performed prospectively in 100 normal, singleton pregnancies in active ...
D'Aniello G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of two formulations of prostaglandin (PG) E2 (gel and pessary) for induction of labor. Primary outcomes were cervical ripening, initiation/duration of labor, and type of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 115 women with singleton gestations were consecutively enrolled and assigned to receive ...
Ayar Ahmet - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although many associations have been demonstrated between hyperhomocysteinemia and pregnancy complications, such as spontaneous abortion, preterm labor, preeclampsia and low birthweight, it is still not clear whether hyperhomocysteinemia is the cause or the consequence of these pregnancy complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ...
Yogev Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of labor induction with vaginal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on mode of delivery and immediate neonatal outcome in women with consistent decreased perception of fetal movements at term. METHODS: The study group consisted of 115 women with consistent perception of decreased fetal movements admitted for induction ...
Keski-Nisula Leea T - - 2003
The presence of inflammation in decidual and myometrial samples as defined by histopathologic examination and the association between the myometrial inflammation and different maternal infectious morbidity and labor-related clinical variables were evaluated in 648 consecutive women who underwent cesarean section at various gestational periods. Altogether, 1,205 histologic (559 decidual and ...
Beier J - - 2003
Measurement of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and analysis of induced sputum are both established noninvasive methods for studying airway inflammation in asthma. Both methods are often used sequentially within short time frames. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of sputum induction on eNO in adults ...
Delaney Tina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in spontaneous versus induced labor after one previous cesarean delivery. METHODS: Women with one previous cesarean delivery who had spontaneous labor between January 1992 and January 2000 were compared with those whose labor was induced. RESULTS: Three thousand seven hundred forty-six patients had ...
Plunkett Beth A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine if waiting for a strong urge to push in nulliparas with continuous low-concentration epidural analgesia shortens the pushing duration in the second stage. METHODS: Nulliparas with standardized patient-controlled epidural analgesia (0.0625% bupivacaine with fentanyl 2 microg/mL) were randomly assigned to pushing immediately upon complete cervical dilatation (n ...
Myles Thomas D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for a prolonged second stage of labor and evaluate the maternal and neonatal outcomes of such pregnancies. METHODS: We reviewed all 7818 patients who delivered at the University of Illinois at Chicago from 1996 to 1999. Excluding nonvertex and multiple gestations, 6791 reached the second ...
Yogev Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of labor induction with vaginal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on mode of delivery in post-term pregnancies and to identify possible predictors of successful vaginal delivery. METHODS: The study group consisted of 211 women with post-term pregnancy (gestational age more than a full 41 weeks) admitted for ...
Sanchez-Ramos Luis - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare routine labor induction with expectant management for patients who reach or exceed 41 weeks' gestation. DATA SOURCES: Computerized databases, references in published studies, and textbook chapters in all languages were used to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating induction and expectant management of labor for postterm pregnancies. ...
Mazhar Syeda Batool - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and safety of cost-effective extra-amniotic saline infusion (EASI) and simultaneous intravenous oxytocin infusion versus prostaglandin E2 vaginal pessary (PGE2) for induction of labor. DESIGN: Prospective randomized comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Labor room at the Mother and Child Health Centre, PIMS, Islamabad from ...
Wang Shu-Ming - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is no clear documentation in either the anesthetic/pain or obstetric literatures regarding the management of backache related to pregnancy. Backache can occur during pregnancy, in labor, and postpartum; different stages should be managed differently. The purpose of this review is to discuss the different types of ...
Nishio Isuta - - 2003
We describe a case of a parturient with disseminated lymphangiomatosis involving the thorax, retroperitoneum, and lumbar vertebrae who received epidural labor analgesia. Clinical presentations vary depending on the organ systems involved, the extent of the disease, and the stage of pregnancy. Anesthetic implications are discussed.
Blanton Elizabeth N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transverse vaginal septa are rare anomalies that may be first diagnosed during pregnancy. Management options including elective cesarean delivery, incision before labor, and a trial of labor have been proposed. CASES: Two patients with transverse vaginal septa were allowed a trial of labor. The septa were incised in active ...
Deering Shad H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypodysfibrinogenemia is an autosomally dominant disorder that can result in excessive bleeding as well as specific pregnancy complications. Increased risks of spontaneous abortion, postpartum hemorrhage, poor wound healing, and placental abruption have been reported. CASE: A woman with hypodysfibrinogenemia presented for care in the first trimester. Her antepartum course ...
Fanzago E - - 2003
Female sex constitutes a great part of population and most women are young in childbearing age and expected to be submitted to emergency or urgent obstetric surgery following traumas or diseases which require immediate treatment. Anesthetic considerations for non obstetric surgery during pregnancy include concern for the safety of 2 ...
Plevyak Michael P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal serum levels of total activin A and inhibin A in preterm and term patients who are in labor or not in labor. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared activin A and inhibin A in the following groups of patients: preterm and in labor (n = 65), preterm ...
Viviand X - - 2003
Twenty-one women undergoing termination of pregnancy for severe fetal abnormality received remifentanil and propofol using a target-controlled infusion system and were studied prospectively. Target concentrations were initially set at 1 ng.mL(-1) for remifentanil and 0.8 microg.mL(-1) for propofol. Remifentanil concentration was adjusted to obtain visual analog scores <50 mm with ...
Tripathy S N - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: There are many myths surrounding pregnancy and tuberculosis (TB), and outcome of treatment. This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, India, and at the authors' private clinics from 1986 to 2001 to determine the outcome of pregnancy if TB is ...
Esplin M Sean - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether changes in sodium pump isoform abundance accompanied active human labor. STUDY DESIGN: Specimens of placenta, amniochorion, and myometrium were collected from women in active spontaneous labor and from those not in labor. The abundance of the three sodium pump alpha-isoforms was determined by Western blot analysis. ...
Kitlinski Laczna M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Skewed gender distribution and falsely assigned gestational age lead to unnecessary or late obstetric intervention in prolonged pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the consequences of a fetal gender-dependent systematic 1.5-day dating error at ultrasound fetometry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 82 484 singleton deliveries ...
Buhimschi Catalin S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Most fetuses in the occipitoposterior position rotate spontaneously after striking the pelvic floor. The increased prevalence of prolonged labor, operative delivery, and oxytocin augmentation in women with an occipitoposterior fetal position seems consistent with decreased uterine contractility. We sought to test the hypothesis that women with a persistent occipitoposterior ...
Chanrachakul Boonsri - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the cesarean rate between expectant management and immediate induction in the otherwise uncomplicated postterm pregnancy with favorable cervix. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 249 women with uncomplicated pregnancies at 41 weeks plus 3 days (290 days) with favorable cervix (Bishop score > or =6) were randomized to ...
Fortunato Stephen J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the expression, site of production and a role of collagenase-3 in human fetal membranes and amniotic fluid (AF). METHODS: Amniochorion collected at the time of elective repeat cesareans prior to labor from normal term gestation, were placed in an organ explant system for 72 hr. The AF ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2003
We evaluated the association between placental location and length of the third stage of labor in normal term singleton pregnancies. Two hundred consecutive singleton term live vaginal deliveries following uncomplicated pregnancies were included in a retrospective study. The mean maternal age was 27.5 +/- 5.2 years, and the mean parity ...
Van de Velde M - - 2003
Aortic stenosis in pregnancy carries a high fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Spinal analgesia/anesthesia is considered by many to be contraindicated in these patients. The rapid onset of sympathetic block induces hypotension, which can result in myocardial hypoperfusion and myocardial ischemia. We describe a case of moderate to severe ...
Yogev Y - - 2003
Prolapse with elongation of the cervix is a rare complication of pregnancy. Prolapse that existed before onset of pregnancy will usually resolve spontaneously by the end of the second trimester, without further complications. A pessary can be used to protect the cervix. Prolapse that develops during pregnancy is usually first ...
Mattingly Jay E - - 2003
Most anesthetic and analgesic agents in current use traverse the placental barrier in varying degrees, but are well tolerated by the fetus if judiciously administered. For labor analgesia, many options are available. Systemic administration of opioids and sedatives is one such option. Repeated maternal administration of opioids such as pethidine ...
Souka A P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of transabdominal ultrasound for determining fetal head position in laboring women and compare it to digital examination, and to study ultrasonographically the rotation of the fetal head in normal and obstructed labor. DESIGN: This was an observational prospective study of 148 women in active labor. ...
Pongsatha Saipin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of 100 microg oral misoprostol for induction of labor between the regimen of 3 hour and 6 hour interval administration. METHODS: Singleton pregnancies indicated for induction of labor between 34 and 42 weeks of gestation in the condition of unfavorable cervix (Bishop score ...
Bekedam Dick J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between fetal sex and the occurrence of fetal distress during labor. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study that incorporated data about 423,033 singleton pregnancies from the national perinatal database for secondary obstetric care in The Netherlands. All ...
Hamdi Ilham M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the pregnancy outcome among Omani women with sickle cell trait (SCT), and to compare it with a control group of Omani women with normal hemoglobin. METHODS: Relevant data of both groups was obtained from labor room records, patient files and computerized ...
Gürman Günhan - - 2002
Pregnancy and leukemia are difficult to manage. Protecting the mother from hemorrhage and infection and the fetus from developmental failure are the main aims. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has been seen very rarely with pregnancy. In this article, the successful labor of a 43-year-old woman with CLL is reported. She ...
Li Yunping - - 2003
We used a timed-pregnant rat model to track changes in myometrial contractility during pregnancy and labor and to correlate these changes with upstream signaling events. Myometrium was harvested from CO(2)-euthanized rats. Although contraction amplitudes increased at 16 and 20 days of pregnancy, contraction incidence and area under the force curve ...
Zhang Jun - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the pattern of labor progression in nulliparous parturients in contemporary obstetric practice. STUDY DESIGN: We extracted detailed labor data from 1329 nulliparous parturients with a term, singleton, vertex fetus of normal birth weight after spontaneous onset of labor. Cesarean deliveries were excluded. We used ...
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