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Results 1051 - 1073 of 1073
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Nelson G H - - 1976
The efficacy of oral prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) for induction of labor has been compared to that of intravenous oxytocin. There were 49 patients in each series. The over-all success rate with PGE2 is 82 per cent; with oxytocin, 65 per cent. PGE2 is at least as effective as oxytocin regardless ...
Ohrlander S - - 1976
In several mammalian species, the fetal adrenal cortex plays an important role in the spontaneous onset of labor. No conclusive evidence has yet been presented that a similar mechanism is active in humans. Although in some previous studies the cortisol concentration in human cord blood has been found higher after ...
Kent D R - - 1976
Intrauterine fetal demise is a source of anxiety to both patient and physician. Heretofore, the standard treatment was either careful observation until the patient went into labor or attempt at induction of labor with oxytocin. Unfortunately, oxytocin stimulation has not proven to be uniformly successful for this problem. Prostaglandin E2 ...
Dray F - - 1976
Primary prostaglandins have been measured by radioimmunoassay in the amniotic fluid of 80 patients. In late pregnancy, PGE2 was higher than PGF2alpha with an increase around 36 weeks (378 +/- 71 pg. per milliliter) without significant modification until term. PGF2alpha increased too, but only significantly at term. During spontaneous labor, ...
Morishima H O - - 1976
The management of premature labor by the prolonged infusion of diazoxide was evaluated in 33 pregnant baboons. The drug was administered intravenously to the mother with an average rate of 0.065 mg/kg/min for 4 hours. Mild to moderate spontaneous labors were significantly inhibited by diazoxide without jeopardizing the fetus. Diazoxide ...
Beck P - - 1976
The present study utilizing an open label design evaluates the efficacy of prostaglandin F2alpha in the induction of labor in normal and complicated primigravid and multigravid pregnancies and in particular in patients with an unripe cervix. The results reveal that labor was successfully induced in 33 of 38 (86.8 per ...
Picker R H - - 1976
Two hundred consecutive amniocenteses for lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) determination in late pregnancy are reviewed. These procedures were performed under ultrasonic control before induction of labor or elective cesarean section in a prospective study to determine a safe method for aminocentesis. Complications included 3 failures, 14 blood-stained samples, 2 cases of labor ...
Dimmette J E - - 1976
The human placenta was studied for the binding of immunoglobulins IgG, IgM, IgE, and C3 complement to the cell membrane of the trophoblast by use of fluorescein-conjugated and unlabelled antihuman immunoglobulins. Gestations of 8 to 40 weeks were evaluated for placental tissues taken from women undergoing therapeutic abortion, elective induction ...
Levy D L - - 1976
When the fetal vertex is extended on the spinal column and the brow becomes the presenting part, it is termed "brow presentation." Persistent brow presentation occurs when there is no spontaneous conversion after the onset of active labor. Since there is a risk in the vaginal delivery of such fetuses, ...
Abouleish E - - 1976
During the period January 1969 to November 1974, in a total of 39,800 deliveries, there were two sets of quadruplets. Both parturients had been taking ovulation-inducing drugs. Maternal problems were distended abdomen and heavy uterus, causing supine hypotension and lordosis; toxemia of pregnancy; increased possibility of hemorrhage before, during and/or ...
Künzel W - - 1976
The relationship between dip area (DA) of fetal heart rate (FHR) and the acid base status of fetus and mother during the first and second stage of labor were studied on 39 women at term. The observations reveal a significant correlation between the fall in fetal base excess (BE) and ...
Neumayer E - - 1976
11 pregnancies at term were terminated by dilatation of the uterine cervix, low amniotomy, and by intravenous administration of PGF2alpha. The average infusion time was 3 hours 55 minutes, and the average total dose of PGF2alpha amounted to 2.0 mg. Parameters of acid-base changes, carbohydrate and energic state changes, gas ...
Arocha Piñango C L - - 1976
Serial dilution protamine sulfate tests (SDPS) were performed in 191 women during labor. It was found that 27 per cent of women with uncomplicated pregnancies and 42 per cent with complicated pregnancies had positive SDPS tests, the highest incidence being between three and six hours of labor. These findings support ...
Hisley J C - - 1975
Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm is a rare obstetric complication. Its clinical course during pregnancy is similar to that in non-pregnant patients. Prompt diagnosis by analysis of cerebrospinal fluid and by arteriography followed closely by surgical intervention when indicated yields the best results. If labor ensues, vaginal delivery (unless contraindicated) ...
Caddell J L - - 1975
The magnesium status of 185 moderate income American mothers was assessed in the immediate postpartum period by the intravenous magnesium load test. Pre- and postload collections of urine were each made for approximately 24 hours because pilot studies revealed significant diurnal variation in magnesium excretion. The magnesium load provided 0.4 ...
Zax M - - 1975
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a childbirth education program (patterned after the Lamaze procedure) on maternal attitudes and the delivery process. Dependent variables included axniety as measured by the anxiety scale of the IPAT, scores on the Maternal Attitudes to Pregnancy Inventory (MAPI), the ...
Tuimala R J - - 1975
The circulating level of ACTH (by radioimmunoassay) and cortisol (by competitive protein binding) were determined at 1- to 2-hour intervals during spontaneous labor (N=8) and induced labor (N=28) and after delivery. There were no differences in ACTH levels between primiparous and multiparous women. The primiparous women displayed a higher level ...
Nwosu U C - - 1975
Total plasma cortisol in cord and neonatal blood was measured by a radioassay method in neonates resulting from (1) term vaginal delivery following uncomplicated labor (control group), (2) term vaginal delivery following fetal distress during labor, (3) postterm, postmature vaginal delivery following fetal distress during labor, and (4) postterm, postmature ...
Ylikorkala O - - 1975
In order to estimate the human placental lactogen (HPL) level and its value as an indicator of fetoplacental function during labor, we determined HPL levels (N equals 225) before, during, and after labor in normal (N equals 16) and preeclamptic (N equals 14) subjects or in patients with benign intrahepatic ...
Sudo N - - 1975
Two additional cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome complicating pregnancy are reported and the 25 previously published cases reviewed. While fetal prognosis is generally favorable, the occurrence of the disease in late pregnancy is a high-rish maternal condition. Respiratory failure and aspiration pneumonitis may result in premature labor and maternal mortality.
Schmid J - - 1975
Does intrauterine acidosis induce increased steroid secretion? The concentration of free steroids (CS) increases in both fetal and maternal plasma during labor and delivery. Fetal levels are higher after vaginal than after cesarean section. These differences may indicate an important role of the fetal adrenal gland in the induction of ...
Neuman M R - - 1975
It is seen that there are several possible techniques for monitoring the fetus during labor. In addition to those described above, one can take microblood samples from the fetus and analyze for blood gases and pH. The latter is usually the only parameter measured and often is helpful in assessing ...
Marko J - - 1972
This article reviews the current situation in obstetrics and gynecology, with particular reference to prostaglandins and their properties in contraception, abortion and induction of labor; the current status of the Pill, and rubella in pregnancy, with emphasis on selection of patients for vaccination.
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