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Mathur R S - - 1980
Levels of progesterone, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, estradiol, and estriol were measured in serial plasma samples collected from 30 uncomplicated pregnancies during the last eight weeks of gestation. From another group of 27 uncomplicated pregnancies, blood samples were collected during the second stage of labor and the same steroids were measured. Progesterone, ...
Huddleston J F - - 1979
OCT's were performed 1,209 times on 533 fetuses at risk for UPI. OCT interpretation was negative for 72% of tests, and there were were no fetal deaths within a week following a negative test. Our data thus support the concept that the use of the OCT for fetal surveillance most ...
Ulstein M - - 1979
A comparative study of the efficacy of oral prostaglandin E2 and buccal tablets of demoxytocin for induction of labor in overdue pregnancies was made in groups of randomly selected patients. Labor was successfully induced in 95.7% of the women in the prostaglandin group and 92.1% of the women in the ...
Caspi E - - 1979
The effects of a controlled sodium bicarbonate (SB) infusion on the acid-base balance of the primiparous mother and fetus at labor and delivery were evaluated. Two identical groups of primiparas with normal labor and delivery were studied. According to acid-base parameters observed in the mothers and fetuses of a control ...
Ulmsten U - - 1979
One hundred nulliparas at term were randomly given oxytocin intravenously or prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) gel (0.5 mg PGE2) intracervically in order to study the effect on cervical ripening and the frequency of successful inductions. In the presence of a favorable cervix both methods seemed equally efficacious in inducing labor. However, ...
Csapo A I - - 1979
The validity of a new concept, predicting that preterm labor can be induced without oxytocic stimulation by a regulatory imbalance, generated by antiprogesterone (A-P)-provoked P withdrawal (Pw), has been examined in the rat model. At day 19 of pregnancy a single oral dose of the steroidal A-O isoxazol, which inhibits ...
Spellacy W N - - 1979
Twenty-nine women with premature labor were randomly assigned to a ritodrine (N = 14) or placebo (N = 15) drug group. The 2 groups were of similar age, parity, weight, gestational age, and cervical change at the onset of treatment. They were treated sequentially with intravenous, intramuscular, and oral drugs ...
Katz Z - - 1979
Labor induction in humans by the injection of 18 mg of betamethasone (Celestone) into the amniotic sac was investigated in a group of 19 pregnant women. Eight of the cases were high-risk pregnancies of 36-39 weeks' gestation, and 11 were normal pregnancies of 40-42 weeks' gestation. A group of 19 ...
Sher G - - 1979
A practicable and reliable method for inducing labor in patients whose pregnancies are complicated by intrauterine death of the fetus is described. The method involves the intra-amniotic instillation of 30 mg of prostaglandin F2alpha with 60 gm of urea. Twenty patients had pregnancies ranging between 22 and 41 weeks and ...
Knox G E - - 1979
Prolonged pregnancy was rigorously defined in 180 gravid women without other complications. Patients were randomly assigned to be serially followed, either by amniocenteses or by oxytocin challenge tests (OCT's). Induction of labor, based upon only (1) a finding of meconium in the amniocentesis group or (2) a positive test in ...
Saidi P - - 1979
The clotting parameter of a primigravida with factor XII deficiency was studied during her third trimester of pregnancy, labor and post-partum; and compared with those of her newborn male infant. Sharp increases in factors VII, VIII, IX, X and moderate increases in factors II and XI were documented during pregnancy ...
Satoh K - - 1979
Levels of 13, 14-dihydro 15-keto-prostaglandin F2alpha (dhk PGF2alpha) in the plasma of 30 patients as well as in the amniotic fluid of 17 patients, and 5alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy 11-keto tetranor-prostane 1,16-dioic acid (the main urinary metabolite of PGF2alpha [PGF2alpha MUM]) levels in the urine of 30 patients were measured by radioimmunoassay during ...
Strauss R G - - 1979
Forty parturient women received paracervical block (PCB) anesthetics during labor with 2-chloroprocaine (2-CP) and epinephrine in either normal saline or dextran. Thirty-six patients were though to have adequate anesthesia. Nineteen patients who recived 2-CP in saline had a mean duration of anesthesia lasting 55.4 min; one fetus developed post-PCB bradycardia. ...
Friedman E A - - 1979
A matched control study was undertaken in which 156 children were examined between ages 23 and 62 months after births associated with spontaneous labor, oxytocin-induced labor, or prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)--induced labor. Physical development was not adversely affected by labor induction based on height and weight percentiles. The frequency of neurologic ...
Bréart G - - 1979
The efficacy of caproate of hydroxyprogesterone and acetate of chlormadinone in preventing premature labore was compared in a controlled trial. The survey was based on 211 pregnant women with a high risk of premature delivery discovered during clinical examination. There are no significant differences between the two groups in either ...
Lederman R P - - 1979
A prospective study of 32 normal, married primigravidas was conducted to determine the relationship between psychological factors in the third trimester of pregnancy and progress in two defined phases of labor. Data were analyzed for the total group and with five subjects deleted to control partially for the effect of ...
Sampson M B - - 1979
A pregnant woman suffered massive head injuries in an automobile accident at 6 weeks' gestation, but she successfully carried the fetus an additional 7 months. The patient remained comatose and required nasogastric feeding and skilled nursing care. The pregnancy was complicated by a persistent low-grade fever. Premature labor began at ...
Gordon Y B - - 1979
In a prospective study on an obstetric population (1,059 cases) an association was found between elevated levels of maternal serum AFP at weeks 16 to 22 and the occurrence of premature labor or the need for emergency cesarean section in the third trimester. There was no association with other late ...
Garfield R E - - 1979
Myometrial tissues from guinea pigs, sheep, and human subjects at various stages of gestation and postpartum were quantitatively examined in the electron microscope for the presence of gap junctions between muscle cells. Gap junctions were found in tissues from guinea pigs and sheep which were being delivered or ready to ...
Arocha-Piñango C L - - 1979
The concentrations of plasmatic fibrinogen and its degradation products (FDPs), and the paracoagulation test using serial dilution of protamine sulphate (SDPS) were determined during the third trimester of pregnancy, labor, and puerperium. Singificant increases in the concentrations of fibrinogen and FDPs were observed throughout the process of pregnancy and birth, ...
Ulmsten U - - 1979
In twelve women, in whom labor was induced by oxytocin infusion, intra-uterine pressure (IUP) was recorded by micro-transducers, and simultaneously the diameter of the uterine cavity was estimated by means of ultrasound. Myometrial tension was calculated according to the law of Laplace. In the ten women who were delivered within ...
Tylleskär J - - 1979
In a prospective randomized study spontaneous and oxytocin induced labor "for convenience" have been compared with respect to uterine activity, duration of labor, the condition of the fetus and the newborn infant. The study consists of 84 normal patients, of whom 43 were induced at full term by amniotomy and ...
Matouskova A - - 1979
Obstetric analgesia was accomplished by segmental continuous blockade in 225 women. The technique involved automatic pump infusion of 0.25 per cent bupivacaine solution into the epidural space at a rate of 5 ml per hour after initial doses of 2 and 5 ml bupivacaine. If the analgesia was insufficient one ...
Gauthier R J - - 1979
The positive contraction stress test (CST) has been looked upon as a predictor of fetal compromise. On this basis, some reports advise routine cesarean delivery on the assumption that the compromised fetus should not tolerate labor. Other authors advocate selective cesarean delivery, based on obstetrical factors such as the inducibility ...
Rosen M G - - 1978
Some simple computers for fetal monitoring are already commercially available. These systems are designed to alarm when abnormalities reflected by the fetal heart are detected during labor. Unfortunately, the problems of fetal heart rate/intrauterine pressure data analysis have been oversimplified. An "ideal" obstetric computer-based data management system would begin, as ...
Lichtenegger W - - 1978
A total of 57 continuous pH measurements have been carried out at the University Clinic of Gynecology in Graz since September 1976. In 41 cases diagrams were suitable for evaluation. In fetal distress the pH curves showed increasing waves synchronous with labor activity. A linear pH curve seems to preclude ...
Harrigan J T - - 1978
The reaction of the FHR to amniocentesis in 43 pregnancies is reported. In 10 pregnancies the FHR reacted with deceleration. Eight of the 10 patients underwent subsequent labor and all developed fetal distress requiring cesarean section. In 31 pregnancies the FHR reacted with an acceleration. Twenty-five of these patients subsequently ...
Meis P J - - 1978
The significance of MSAL as a sign of fetal distress is controversial. To better assess this condition, we present a classification of MSAL based on the timing and quantity of meconium passed and divided into early light, early heavy, and late passage of MSAL. By means of this classification with ...
Lackritz R - - 1978
To elucidate the role of prostaglandins in initiating uterine contractions we studied the concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGE2 (PGE2-M) and 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2alpha (PGF2alpha-M) in peripheral plasma of pregnant patients. The concentrations of PGE2-M and PGF2alpha-M in pregnant patients at term not in labor were not significantly different from those at midpregnancy. Induction of ...
Boroditsky R S - - 1978
Simultaneous measurement of serum concentrations of estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), and progesterone were carried out in multiple serial blood samples obtained during the last 3-10 weeks of pregnancy, labor, and the immediate postpartum period in 5 normal women. Estrogen and progesterone levels showed a small, but statistically significant ...
Cross W G - - 1978
The safety and efficacy of laminaria tents as an adjunct to labor induction near term were examined in a prospective, controlled, and randomized study involving insertion of laminaria into the cervical canal the evening prior to planned induction. Six of 35 subjects in whom laminaria were used entered labor spontaneously ...
Sabom M B - - 1978
A case is presented of a low birth weight infant born prematurely with depressed respiration, sinus bradycardia, and hypoglycemia associated with maternal propranolol therapy during pregnancy and up until labor and delivery. The need for caution in the casual use of propranolol during pregnancy in an asymptomatic patient with IHSS ...
Freidman E A - - 1978
The incidnce of uterine contractility and of abnormalities of fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern was determined in a series of 2,834 monitored gravid women with singleton pregnancies producing mature infants in vertex presentation. Those subjected to uterotonic agents for induction or augmentation of lbaor had significantly more tetanic contractions, baseline ...
Vasicka A - - 1978
Serial radioimmunoassay measurements of plasma oxytocin (OT) in maternal venous blood have been carried out in 15 patients, during pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Fetal plasma OT was also measured in the blood from the umbilical vein and umbilical artery. The results indicate that: (1) during pregnancy, plasma OT is present ...
TambyRaja R L - - 1979
Salbutamol was administered intravenously and orally to 58 patients who were admitted to the hospital because of premature labor. Pregnancy was postponed until at least 36 weeks' gestation in 34 of these patients. The success of this therapy was measured by a parameter of the prolongation index which was inversely ...
O'Sullivan M J - - 1978
The induction of labor in the high-risk patient is accompanied by an increased incidence of cesarean section partly due to failed induction. A series of 50 high-risk patients induced with intravenous prostaglandin F 2 alpha is presented. Forty-five were successfully induced, 35 of whom delivered vaginally. Failed inductions occurred in ...
Bieniarz J - - 1978
Modern treatment for anovulatory infertility increases the incidence of multiple pregnancies with three or more fetuses and predisposes to prematurity with high perinatal mortality and mortidity. Premature labor was successfully treated in four multifetal pregnancies with ritodrine hydrochloride, a beta-mimetic drug relaxing the uterus. Another patient misdiagnosed as false labor ...
Thiery M - - 1978
A gel containing 0.5 mg prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was extra-amniotically instilled 90 clinically normal gravidae at term, for ripening of the cervix before elective induction of labor by amniotomy and intravenous PGE2. An acceptable increase in the Bishop score was noted to have occurred in 87/90 women, when assessed eight ...
Arkutu A A - - 1979
The outcome of pregnancy and labor in 259 Tanzanian primigravidae 15 years and under is compared with that of 377 primigravidae between the ages of 21 and 25. The risk of antenatal complications, such as anemia, and premature labor and low birth weight babies was much higher in the younger ...
Braly P - - 1977
This study reviews 27 patients with positive OCTs who were subsequently allowed a trial of directly monitored labor. Of these, 19 patients (70%) developed FHR signs of fetal distress and 8 (30%) tolerated labor without late decelerations. These patients were evaluated for signs of fetal reactivity (acceleration of the FHR ...
Roopnarinesingh S - - 1977
The purpose of this study was to investigate cortisol levels in the circulation of neonates following spontaneous onset of labor. There was no significant difference of values between primigravidas and multigravidas, male and female babies, or normal and preeclamptic pregnancies. There was no significant change in mean cord plasma cortisol ...
Steer C M - - 1977
In travenous magnesium sulfate and alcohol were compared as treatments for premature labor. A successful treatment was the absence of contractions for a 24 hour interval. Early treatment was found to be essential for successful management of premature labor. There is a significant correlation of cervical dilatation at the onset ...
Marivate M - - 1977
A double-blind trial was conducted on outpatients with twin gestations to assess the effect of prophylactic administration of fenoterol on the fetal growth rate and the timing of the spontaneous onset of labor. No significant differences could be shown between the fenoterol-treated group of patients and the control group given ...
Nwosu U C - - 1977
Amniotic fluid cortisol concentration was measured in 61 gravidas during the third trimester prior to onset of labor. These patients had had normal prenatal courses and served as controls. Cortisol values obtained were compared with those of 1) gravidas with prolonged pregnancy (greater than 42 weeks) who delivered post-mature neonates ...
Cousins L M - - 1977
A total of 30 to 50 per cent of premature labors occur without identifiable predisposing conditions. To evaluate the hormonal status of these pregnancies, serum progesterone (P) and estradiol (E2) were measured by radioimmunoassay singly in 60 premature labor patients and serially in 19 normal pregnancies. Premature labor patients as ...
Lammintausta R - - 1977
Plasma renin activity (PRA) and angiotensin I concentration (AI) in mother, umbilical vessels, and amniotic fluid were measured during 11 elective cesarean sections and after 12 normal labors. During cesarean section, PRA and AI were significantly lower in umbilical vessels than in mother or in amniotic fluid. This finding reflects ...
Klapholz H - - 1977
A commercially available adult telemetry unit was adapted for use in fetal heart rate monitoring. Advantages included permitting the mother to ambulate during labor, monitoring the fetus while the mother was in transit from the labor to the delivery area and reducing electrical noise levels. Patient as well as physician ...
Blum M - - 1977
In a group of 16 women admitted for missed abortion, missed labor or antepartum fetal death, we induced abortion or labor by means of extraamniotic infusion of isotonic saline solution, using a Foley catheter inserted through the cervix. Eight patients also required parallel intravenous administration of 5-10 U of oxytocin ...
Sokol R J - - 1977
Quantitative labor data have been reported piecemeal in the literature; there is no previous unified report of the frequencies of each of the dysfunctional labor patterns (DLPs). In order to describe the labor process more clearly a labor diagnostic computer program was used to prospectively study an unselected series of ...
Oshima K - - 1977
The electromyogram of the monkey (Macaca fuscata fuscata and Macaca mulatta) uterus in labor presents spike bursts which accompany the rising intrauterine pressure. Asynchronous localized electrical activity develops into synchronous activity during the course of labor. The early postpartum uterus shows an irregular pattern or continuous small bursts of spikes. ...
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