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Results 901 - 950 of 1073
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Tejani N - - 1984
On routine fontanelle scanning of neonates weighing less than or equal to 2000 g within the first 24 hours of life, 21% had abnormal findings related to peri/intraventricular hemorrhage. These findings occurred almost exclusively in patients who were in labor, with one exception, and were not observed without labor. Once ...
Hatjis C G - - 1984
From October, 1981, to July, 1983, 225 patients were evaluated for premature labor at Forsyth Memorial Hospital. Sixty-five of these patients were considered to be candidates for intravenous ritodrine treatment. Of this group, 24 patients were successfully treated and had pregnancy prolongation ranging from 1 to 17 weeks. Forty-one patients ...
Broccia G - - 1984
CML was diagnosed by chance in a 24-year-old woman at the 15th week of pregnancy which, on being informed of her disease she decided to continue. No treatment was given until the 24th week, when WBC reached 140,000/mm3 and it was believed necessary to begin treatment. A program of leukapheresis ...
Menon K P - - 1984
Several attacks of ventricular tachycardia (VT) were observed in a fifteen-year-old girl at late pregnancy. Left sided Bell's Palsy was the accompanying presentation. The symptom started with a viral-like illness. The VT could be effectively controlled with IV Lidocaine therapy. Labor was induced and the delivery was uneventful. To the ...
Orhue A A - - 1984
An analysis of 931 consecutive inductions of labor over an eight-year period is presented. The success rate was 90.4%. Spontaneous vaginal delivery was achieved in 83.5% of cases and the induction-delivery interval was less than 12 hours in 82.6% of cases. The preinduction state of the cervix most significantly influenced ...
Ayangade O - - 1984
The characteristics and significance of the latent phase in labor among 716 West African parturients were studied. A wide variation in duration (1 to 70 hours) of this phase was noted. A consistent correlation was found between the duration of the latent phase and subsequent events, such as the duration ...
Suzuki S - - 1984
The relationship between the kallikrein-kinin system, the coagulation system, and the fibrinolytic system was evaluated on 58 patients during pregnancy, labor and puerperium. Also included in this study were 7 patients with premature placental separation. The most prominent changes were those in the kallikrein-kinin system. After the onset of labor, ...
Sampson M B - - 1984
Six patients with placenta previa complicated by premature labor underwent tocolysis with terbutaline sulfate. The average prolongation of pregnancy was 3.5 weeks. Five patients were at 31 weeks' gestation or more at the initiation of tocolytic therapy and had infants who survived and were greater than 2,000 gm at birth. ...
Nissenkorn A - - 1984
Nine pregnancies in five women after total correction of the tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) are reported. In four women, further corrective operations were necessary in order to achieve class I functional capacity. Our management of the patients during pregnancy, labor and puerperium is described, and some simple rules are stressed. ...
Shime J - - 1984
The perinatal events in 184 term control pregnancies and 129 prolonged pregnancies were prospectively compared. Fetal surveillance consisted of weekly biophysical profile testing. Thirty-two infants were dysmature, and 10 of these had advanced dysmaturity. The incidence of advanced dysmaturity rose quickly after 44 weeks. This group was at greater risk ...
Smith L P - - 1984
Labor, delivery, and newborn course were studied in 621 pregnancies in which labor was electively induced at or after 39 weeks, and in 3,851 control pregnancies in which the onset of labor was spontaneous. Induced labors were not prolonged, nor was the duration of ruptured membranes. Fetal distress and birth ...
Grünberger W - - 1984
In 206 pregnant women with unfavorable cervix, labor was induced by local application of 1.5 mg PGE2 by means of a portio-adapter. In 70.4% labor was successfully induced after a single "PG-cap". An additional 11.6% went into labor after a second or third cap. In 14.1%, a sufficient priming of ...
Sherman A I - - 1984
After a lag between the recognition of the biologic activity of material derived from seminal vesicles and the actual isolation and identification of prostaglandins, information on the structure, biosynthesis, physiology, and biomedical relevance of this family of substances has expanded explosively in recent years. Their ubiquitous presence in mammalian tissues ...
Caires D - - 1984
Factor VIIIR:Ag and Factor VIII:C levels were found to be significantly increased during pregnancy, labor and puerperium, but not to the extent observed by European and American authors. The ratio Factor VIIIR:Ag/Factor VIII:C was elevated only between the third and sixth hour of labor with respect to early labor, and ...
Zuckerman H - - 1984
Prematurity still remains one of the unsolved problems in obstetrics and is responsible for a majority of cases of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The use of indomethacin to stop uterine contractions and prevent premature delivery is based on the observation that indomethacin inhibits the release of prostaglandin which is assumed ...
Khamis Y - - 1983
The effect of local application of heat on the abdominal wall on uterine activity was evaluated in 15 full-term multiparous women early in the first stage of labor. Cardiotocographic monitoring showed that heat induces a significant increase in uterine activity without causing any abnormal fetal heart changes. The stimulated contractions ...
Chard T - - 1983
Oxytocin levels were measured in closely spaced samples of maternal blood from 10 women who underwent amniotomy for induction of labor. The procedure was associated with a spurt release of oxytocin, the highest frequency being found during sweeping and rupture of the membranes. It was concluded that the main stimulus ...
Dawood M Y - - 1983
To assess fetal oxytocin release in relation to maternal oxytocin, serial paired maternal (femoral artery) and fetal (aorta) plasma oxytocin were determined by a specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay during pregnancy and parturition in the sheep. The maternal oxytocin level was 29.1 +/- 2.6 pg/ml (mean +/- SE) but was significantly ...
Parsons M T - - 1983
A patient experienced fetal demise at 33 weeks' gestation. Numerous attempts at induction of labor failed. It was not until a laparotomy was performed that the intraligamentous location of the pregnancy was determined. Although this diagnosis is rarely made preoperatively, repeated failure of induction should raise the suspicion of an ...
Casey M L - - 1983
The present study was designed to investigate the origin of prostanoids that are present in amniotic fluid. We evaluated the concentration of prostaglandins in fetal urine that was obtained from newborn infants immediately after delivery either before or after the onset of spontaneous labor or after oxytocin-induced labor. We found ...
Duff P - - 1983
Labor records and internal fetal monitor tracings of 65 patients with uncomplicated term pregnancies who entered labor spontaneously and then developed chorioamnionitis were reviewed. Eighty-eight percent of patients were nulliparous. Seventy-five percent had abnormal labor, characterized by decreased uterine contractility, and 34% required cesarean delivery because of failure to progress ...
Olson D M - - 1983
Collagenase-dispersed cells from human amnion, chorion, decidua, and placenta have been maintained in short term cultures to study prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis in relation to parturition. Cells retained metabolic function during the 6-h incubation period, as determined by the apparently linear utilization of radioactive glucose and the formation of tritiated water. ...
Schutte M F - - 1983
The interval between the first symptoms of threatened preterm labor and delivery was studied and found to be correlated with the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), independent of treatment with corticosteroids or betamimetics and the state of the membranes. The incidence and severity of RDS decreased when labor was ...
Kerr-Wilson R H - - 1983
The effect of a full bladder containing 300 ml or more of urine was studied during normal established labor in 20 patients and 10 controls. Uterine activity was measured in Montevideo units, and the progress of labor was assessed by partogram before and after catheterization. Although uterine activity increased after ...
Gast M J - - 1983
Women with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts for correction of hydrocephalus are rapidly joining the reproductive age population. These patients can have uncomplicated pregnancies and spontaneous vaginal deliveries. Careful attention to signs of CSF shunt malfunction, historical and ultrasonic screening for familial hydrocephalus, and antibiotic prophylaxis for delivery are recommended. Management ...
Devoe L D - - 1983
Two hundred forty-eight well-dated pregnancies that exceeded their expected dates of confinement were followed with serial maternal urinary or plasma estriol determinations and weekly fetal heart rate tests. Most pregnancies (176) delivered after spontaneous labor, while 72 had labor induced for abnormal test results or electively. Perinatal mortality (8.1/1,000) was ...
Sande H A - - 1983
In a prospective randomized study spontaneous and oxytocin induced labor have been compared with respect to duration of labor and the condition of the fetus and the newborn infant. The study consists of 166 normal patients at full term. No significant differences between the two groups were found, and the ...
Semchyshyn S - - 1983
Balloon catheter was used for pre-induction cervical priming and in order to enhance induction of labor in 51 patients. This procedure was found to be a safe and effective adjunct to induction of labor in patients with unripe cervices (mean Bishop score 3.4) with induction of labor to delivery time ...
Young B K - - 1983
Four pregnancies in three patients with spinal cord injury are presented. The major complications encountered include anemia, pyelonephritis, decubiti, premature labor, precipitate labor, and autonomic hyperreflexia. Autonomic hyperreflexia, a severe mass autonomic reflex response to labor, is associated with tachycardia, hypertension, headache, diaphoresis, and severe anxiety. It is probably due ...
Smith B K - - 1983
Pregnancy does not predispose to thermal injuries. Most burns are minor, and erythema usually subsides within 24 hours during the outpatient therapy. Severe burns during pregnancy are rare but alarming events. Care should be provided at a regional facility with expert burn care and fetal monitoring. Attempts should be undertaken ...
Katz Z - - 1983
A non-aggressive approach to the management of post-date pregnancies was tested in a clinical trial involving 156 patients who had reached 294 days of amenorrhea and had a pelvic score of 4 or less. Dates had been established with certainty in each case. In half of the patients (the study ...
Alper M - - 1983
Pulmonary edema occurred in association with the use of ritodrine and steroids to treat threatened premature labor. Twin gestation, intravenous ritodrine infusion longer than 24 hours and excessive fluid administration appear to be risk factors for the development of pulmonary edema. Careful case selection, scrupulous attention to the principles of ...
Prins R P - - 1983
Ripening of the cervix by intravaginal application of a prostaglandin-containing gel is evaluated. Thirty patients with an unfavorable cervix needing labor induction were studied in a double-blind, prospective fashion. The prostaglandin gel proved superior to placebo in ripening the cervix (P less than .05), reducing induction failures (P less than ...
Moore D - - 1983
A longitudinal study of 105 couples, this study addresses whether there is a change in marital satisfaction throughout the perinatal period and whether any changes in the marriage or the labor and delivery might be attributable to the type of preparation for childbirth engaged in by the couple. Analysis of ...
Wu I H - - 1983
A quadruplet pregnancy was diagnosed by ultrasound antenatally and managed successfully in a community teaching hospital. The patient was hospitalized at 27 weeks' gestation. She was treated with a high-protein, high-calorie diet. Sonographic follow-up and monitoring of fetal growth were done, glucocorticoids were given to attempt to stimulate fetal pulmonary ...
Hunter D J - - 1983
A descriptive study of 300 consecutive spontaneous labors in primigravid patients whose pregnancies were of 37 or more weeks' gestation with a singleton fetus in the vertex presentation, showed a cesarean section rate of 13%, a forceps delivery rate of 49%, and a spontaneous delivery rate of 38%. Oxytocin was ...
Shoenfeld Y - - 1983
Benign neutropenia is often found among healthy Yemenite Jews. An assessment was made of the magnitude of labor-induced leukocytosis in 44 Yemenite Jewish women, by comparing their hematological values during labor with those of 27 non-Yemenite women. A statistically significant difference was found in the absolute counts of the white ...
Ekman G - - 1983
In 54 patients with an unripe cervix in late third trimester, in which gestational age had been properly determined by repeated ultrasound scannings, labor was induced by intracervical application of 0.5 mg PGE2 in viscous gel. It was found that the outcome of the induced labor was not related to ...
Maki M - - 1983
Levels of prekallikrein and HMW kininogen that had increased during pregnancy decreased with start of labor. The role of the kinin-forming system with oxytocin in the mechanism of labor was suggested from the results of decreased prekallikrein and HMW kininogen, appearance of a free kallikrein-like enzyme during labor, and from ...
Nyholm H C - - 1983
Altogether 59 women (53 normal and 6 high-risk pregnancies) underwent a fetal activity acceleration determination (FAD) during the first stage of labor. 52 FAD were considered reactive, while 5 were non-reactive and 2 technically inadequate. Four of the 5 fetuses with a non-reactive FAD showed signs of fetal compromise during ...
Rabe T - - 1983
Sulfatase and aromatase are the key enzymes of estrogen biosynthesis in the human placenta. A total of 76 pregnancies with sulfatase deficiency have been reported. Reduced sulfatase activity occurs in 1:2000 of 1:6000 pregnancies. It can be suspected in patients with low urinary excretion or low serum estriol levels. The ...
Klink F - - 1982
Transcutaneous PO2 was continuously recorded from 17 newborns sub partu by normal deliveries and four cases with umbilical cord complications. These data were correlated with the corresponding fetal heart rate alterations and the maximum of contraction directly and 30 s thereafter. During the course of delivery three stages are differentiated: ...
Berkowitz R L - - 1982
The results of a management protocol for women with premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) between 27 and 36 weeks' gestation is presented. Prior to 33 weeks' gestation patients were hospitalized and observed for signs of infection; labor was induced if amnionitis was diagnosed. After 33 weeks patients with vertex ...
Greenland S - - 1982
We conducted a prospective study of the effects of marijuana use in 35 pregnancies. Thirty-six age- and parity-matched nonuser pregnancies were selected for comparison. (Users of other illicit drugs were excluded from study.) Users and nonusers were similar with respect to most potentially confounding prenatal risk factors, although users tended ...
Kuntz W D - - 1982
Fifty-seven prenatal patients with no known exposure to the element mercury, or any of its compounds, were observed for change in whole blood total mercury concentration from the initial prenatal clinic examination through delivery and postpartum hospitalization. On hospital admission for labor and delivery, whole blood total mercury averaged 1.15 ...
Greenland S - - 1982
We conducted a prospective study of the effects of marijuana use in 35 pregnancies. Thirty-six age-and parity-matched nonuser pregnancies were selected for comparison. (Users of other illicit drugs were excluded from study.) Users and nonusers were similar with respect to most potentially confounding prenatal risk factors, although users tended to ...
Yeh S Y - - 1982
Postdate pregnancy presents a difficult problem in both the antepartum and intrapartum periods. Because of the various complications associated with prolonged gestation, the following precautions should be taken during intrapartum monitoring and delivery: 1. Strict criteria must be established for elective induction should it be needed. Elective induction should be ...
Miller J M JM - - 1982
Intravenous magnesium sulfate and terbutaline were compared as treatments for premature labor. A successful treatment was the arrest of labor for 24 hours. Early treatment was essential for successful management of premature labor. In this study, magnesium sulfate and terbutaline were equally effective in controlling premature labor. Whereas terbutaline was ...
Stubblefield P G - - 1982
Terbutaline was administered subcutaneously to treat premature labor for several years. As ritodrine has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for this purpose, the authors considered it necessary to determine the efficacy of their terbutaline protocol. The hospital records were reviewed for all patients treated for premature labor ...
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