Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1076
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Mathews J E - - 2000
A multigravida with gestational diabetes, mild pregnancy-induced hypertension and a previous curettage received four doses of misoprostol (100 microg) at three hourly intervals for induction of labor at term. Vaginal delivery of a live healthy baby occurred 1 h after the fourth dose. Hindwaters were bloodstained. Three hours later, she ...
Gherman R B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To document radiographically the changes in pelvic dimensions created by McRoberts' maneuver. METHODS: Women at least 37 weeks' pregnant who presented to labor and delivery were eligible for study entry. Anterior-posterior and lateral x-rays were taken with women in the dorsal lithotomy position and after application of McRoberts' maneuver, ...
Salamalekis E - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sweeping of the membranes at term could shorten the length of pregnancy and reduce the incidence of postterm pregnancies. We randomly selected 104 nulliparas with uncomplicated pregnancy and gestational age between 281 and 287 days. Our patients were divided into three ...
Alvarez-de-la-Rosa M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentrations of maternal serum interleukins (ILs) 1, 2, 6, 8 and IL-2 receptors (IL-2R) in patients in their second and third trimesters of pregnancy and in preterm labor and delivery without evidence of chorioamnionitis. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in La Paz Maternal Hospital, Madrid. ...
Wax J R - - 2000
The objective of this study is to determine if successful external cephalic version is followed by an increased likelihood of prolonged labor or operative delivery. Women having a successful external cephalic version of a normal singleton fetus > or =37 weeks' gestation between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 1998 ...
Garry D - - 2000
CONTEXT: Despite wide use of castor oil to initiate labor, the obstetric literature contains few references to this botanical laxative. Derived from the castor plant Ricinus communis, castor oil may possess properties that are useful in post-term pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the use of castor oil and ...
Stefos T - - 2000
The effectiveness of intracervical prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was studied in 96 primigravidas with unfavorable cervix and need for induction of labor. Group A consisted of 49 oligohydramnios and group B of 47 cases with normal amniotic fluid volume (controls). A single dose of 0.5 mg PGE2 gel was applied intracervically ...
Parkington H C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate in human tissue samples the mechanisms underlying spontaneous and prostaglandin F(2)(alpha)-induced contractions during the final trimester of pregnancy and labor. STUDY DESIGN: Membrane potential and cytoplasmic calcium were recorded simultaneously with contraction in uterine strips obtained from the lower segment during cesarean delivery. ...
Atlas I - - 1999
Myotonic dystrophy is a rare autosomal dominant degenerative neuromuscular and neuroendocrine disease. Pregnancy can aggravate the maternal disease. Obstetrical complications include stillbirth, premature labor, polyhydramnion, abnormal presentation, prolonged labor, increased operative delivery, postpartum hemorrhages and anesthetic accidents. If the fetus is affected severe neonatal morbidity and mortality with arthrogryposis and ...
Butt K D - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To compare labor induction intervals between oral misoprostol and intravenous oxytocin in women who present at term with premature rupture of membranes. METHODS: One hundred eight women were randomly assigned to misoprostol 50 microg orally every 4 hours as needed or intravenous oxytocin. The primary outcome measure was time ...
Chasen S T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of neonatal respiratory disorders when cesarean delivery is performed before labor in twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the charts of all patients with twin pregnancies who underwent cesarean delivery before labor after 36 weeks' gestation. All cases in ...
Tam W H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To determine whether presence of fetal fibronectin in cervico-vaginal secretions at term will predict the cervical response to prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) pessaries and successful induction of labor amongst subjects with unfavorable cervices. METHODS: Cervico-vaginal secretion was tested for the presence of fetal fibronectin prior to cervical ripening with PGE2 ...
Saisto T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with fear of childbirth during and after first labor. METHODS: We analyzed first deliveries of 100 primiparas who reported severe fear of vaginal childbirth during their second pregnancies and 200 age- and parity-matched controls who reported no later fear of delivery. The main outcome measures ...
Roh C R - - 1999
To elucidate the endocrine mechanism of human parturition, the expression of c-Jun and c-Fos mRNA were examined in relation to estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) in human myometrium. c-Jun mRNA was detected in all myometrial tissues (n=5) during labor but not before labor (n=5) and in oxytocin-resistant postterm ...
Jensen H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To investigate the influence of Body Mass Index on the incidence of labor complications in a population of women with a normal pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From a local database, information on maternal weight and height was extracted concerning 4258 women who had an uncomplicated pregnancy. After calculation and ...
Athayde N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous rupture of the fetal membranes occurs after the commencement of labor in 90% of cases. Recent evidence indicates that the process of parturition requires not only an increase in myometrial contractility and cervical ripening, but also degradation of extracellular matrix in fetal membranes (i.e., leakage of fibronectin into ...
Laham N - - 1999
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a chemotactic cytokine that has been implicated in the process of human parturition, including the processes of cervical ripening and rupture of fetal membranes. In this study, the in vitro release of IL-8 from human amnion, choriodecidua, and placenta tissues obtained before and after spontaneous labor onset ...
Haghighi L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: to establish the efficacy and safety of nifedipine and magnesium sulfate in arresting preterm labor. METHOD: seventy-four patients with singleton pregnancies at 23-36 weeks in preterm labor, were selected randomly to receive either oral nifedipine or intravenous magnesium sulfate. RESULTS: both drugs had similar tocolytic efficacy and side effects ...
Omu A E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are suggestions that T helper 1 cytokines may be detrimental to early pregnancy and T helper 2 cytokines protective of the pregnancy. Their role in preeclamptic pregnancy, labor and puerperium, is not clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight preeclamptic women and their matched controls were evaluated, at the Departments ...
Nunes F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravaginal misoprostol and dinoprostone for labor induction. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eighty-nine women with singleton term pregnancies and unfavorable cervices were randomly assigned to receive intravaginal misoprostol or dinoprostone. The outcome variables were change in Bishop score, time from application ...
Dong Y L - - 1999
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a potent vasodilator and relaxes smooth muscle of a variety of tissues, but the effects of CGRP on human myometrial contractions and the changes in CGRP receptors (CGRP-Rs) in human myometrium have not been described. We report that CGRP induced dose-dependent relaxation in spontaneously contracting ...
Jana N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tuberculosis, especially extrapulmonary tuberculosis, is increasing worldwide. Because information on the outcome of pregnancy among women with extrapulmonary tuberculosis is limited, we studied the course of pregnancy and labor and the perinatal outcome in these women and their infants. METHODS: From 1983 to 1993, we followed ...
Harman J H JH - - 1999
Labor is induced in more than 13 percent of deliveries in the United States. Postdate pregnancy is the most common indication. Oxytocin is the drug of choice for labor induction when the cervical examination shows that the cervix is favorable. The use of this agent requires experience and vigilant observation ...
Carlson E - - 1999
Using data for 555,038 pregnancies conceived in the Czech Republic in 1987-1990, we show that pronounced differences in fetal survival in the middle trimester of pregnancy by marital status, educational level, and labor force attachment become much smaller at full term; survival differences by age at conception and number of ...
Abbi M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Treatment of arrhythmias during pregnancy is complicated by concerns about the safety of antiarrhythmic therapy. This is the first case report of preterm labor and abruptio placentae following the administration of disopyramide during pregnancy. CASE: A 26-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, was diagnosed as having Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome during ...
Halpern S H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The effect of labor analgesia on breastfeeding success is not well defined. Some authors have hypothesized that labor analgesia may affect lactation success. The purpose of this observational study was to determine if intrapartum analgesia influenced breastfeeding success at 6 weeks postpartum in a setting that strongly supported breastfeeding. ...
Riskin-Mashiah S - - 1999
Induction of labor is indicated when the benefits to either the mother or the fetus outweigh the benefits of continuing the pregnancy. The state of the cervix is clearly related to the success of labor induction and the duration of labor. In cases of unfavorable cervices, physicians usually use a ...
Peleg D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify the significant predictors of cesarean delivery after prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) at term. METHODS: In a multicenter study involving 72 institutions in six countries, 5041 women were randomized to induction of labor with oxytocin or prostaglandins or to expectant management. We did univariate and multivariate logistic ...
Hankins G D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To test whether fetal heart rate documentation requirements for high-risk pregnancies are too stringent to achieve compliance, especially during the second stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Random retrospective chart and monitor strip review of deliveries occurring one year earlier were reviewed. Thirty-four low-risk and 34 high-risk pregnancies were selected ...
Madi B C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This study was a randomized controlled trial of primigravidas in Botswana to determine the effectiveness of the presence of a female relative as a labor companion on labor outcomes. METHODS: One hundred and nine primigravidas in uncomplicated spontaneous labor were randomly distributed into a control group who labored without ...
Roshanfekr D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether term nulliparas with an unengaged vertex presentation at onset of active labor have a higher risk for cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1250 randomly chosen nulliparous patients at 37-42 weeks' gestation who delivered between 1988 and 1989 were selected. Four hundred forty-seven patients were ...
Tannirandorn Y - - 1999
A prospective, randomized controlled trial was undertaken at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn Hospital to determine whether stripping of the fetal membranes is a safe and effective method for induction of labor in uncomplicated term pregnancy. Ninety-six women were included in this study; 16 were ...
Baguma-Nibasheka M - - 1999
A positive correlation has been shown between dietary intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in late pregnancy and gestation length in pregnant women and experimental animals. To determine whether omega-3 fatty acids have an effect on preterm labor in sheep, a fish oil concentrate emulsion was continuously infused to six ...
Rouse D J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess a labor-management protocol that mandated at least 4 hours of oxytocin augmentation before cesarean delivery for active-phase labor arrest. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated term gravidas in spontaneous labor with active-phase labor arrest (cervix at least 4 cm dilated and 1 cm or less of cervical progress in ...
Chan C C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Antepartum hemorrhage of unknown origin is a common antenatal complication, accounting for more than half of the cases of antepartum hemorrhage. Few investigators had reported the importance of this condition and the proper management. METHOD: The present study reviewed retrospectively 718 cases with singleton pregnancies diagnosed as having antepartum ...
Rageth J C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risks of vaginal delivery after previous cesarean and to find criteria to help decide whether a trial of labor or an elective repeat cesarean should be preferred. METHODS: We evaluated 29,046 deliveries after previous cesarean registered in a pooled database of 457,825 deliveries used to assess ...
Manor M - - 1999
The efficacy and safety of labor induction using an intrauterine balloon catheter in twin pregnancies has been evaluated. During the study period (1992-1997), labor was induced at 36-42 weeks in 17 twin gestations. Labor induction was indicated for preeclampsia (n = 10), birth weight discordance (n = 3), suspected fetal ...
Goodwin T M - - 1999
Although estriol has been studied as an indicator of fetal well-being in the past, its broader biologic role has not been elucidated. Estriol in the maternal compartment closely reflects fetal adrenal activity, and increased fetal adrenal activity prior to the onset of labor is a common link in mammalian parturition. ...
Sheiner E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the station of the fetal head when lumbar epidural analgesia is administered influences the duration or the mode of delivery in low-risk laboring women. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 131 consecutive cases of low-risk parturients at term who requested intrapartum epidural analgesia. Obstetric outcome of 65 parturients ...
Rizk D E - - 1999
Factor VII deficiency is a rare hereditary coagulation disorder with an incidence estimated at 1 in 500,000 individuals. In this report, we describe the 13th case in pregnancy. The diagnosis of severe factor VII deficiency (factor VII level <5%) was established at 10 weeks' gestation after initial laboratory testing showed ...
Jayasinghe C - - 1999
Safe and successful pain management in pregnant women requires an understanding of the normal physiologic changes of pregnancy. Some hemodynamic changes of labor and delivery are attenuated by effective epidural analgesia. The ideal analgesic agent for laboring parturients should produce a rapid onset of analgesia that lasts throughout labor without ...
Qiu H - - 1999
To observe the clinical effects and the mechanism of Chanlibao (CLB, a preparation of Chinese herbal medicine) in accelerating second stage of labor, primiparae were divided into 3 groups at random. CLB or oxytocin (OTC) was given to the CLB group (n = 80) and the OTC group (n = ...
Farina A - - 1999
We measure, by means of ultrasound, the amniotic fluid volume (expressed as maximal vertical pocket or MVP) in 646 normal pregnancies at the 39th gestational week. Our aim is to evaluate the possible correlation between MVP and onset of the labor. In a 2-week follow-up, the onset of the labor ...
Matijević R - - 1998
AIM: Matched-case control study was performed to assess perinatal mortality and feto-maternal morbidity related to the post-term pregnancy. METHODS: 124 patients who delivered after 42 weeks of pregnancy were matched by age and parity with a control group of patients who delivered at term. Perinatal mortality and neonatal morbidity, as ...
Di Iorio R - - 1998
This brief review emphasizes the importance of three novel discovered factors produced by fetal membranes, placenta and/or by the fetus itself in regulating uterine contractility. We have shown that, as reported for other hormones and substances, nitric oxide and endothelin may influence myometrial activity in an autocrine/paracrine manner interacting with ...
Gambling D R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Combined spinal-epidural (CSE) analgesia produces rapid-onset pain relief and allows ambulation in early labor. Epidural local anesthetics may contribute to an increase in operative deliveries by decreasing perineal sensation and causing motor weakness. Operative delivery rates might be reduced with CSE, by avoiding or delaying administration of local anesthetics. ...
Vincent R D RD - - 1998
Epidural analgesia is a commonly employed technique of providing pain relief during labor. The number of parturients given intrapartum epidural analgesia is reported to be over 50 percent at many institutions in the United States. The procedure has few contraindications, the primary ones being patient refusal, maternal hemorrhage and coagulopathy. ...
Nassar A H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The study's objectives were as follows: (1) to determine the rate of vaginal delivery after labor induction in severe preeclampsia remote from term and (2) to determine potential predictors of success. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review was conducted on live-born singleton pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia and delivered at ...
Stevens M Y - - 1998
Circulating concentrations of CRH rise late in human pregnancy, reaching a peak at labor. The presence of functional CRH receptors, CRH-R1 and CRH-R2, in the human myometrium suggests that CRH may modulate uterine activity. We hypothesized that the number of CRH receptors would be higher in myometrium than fetal membranes ...
Hennessey M H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the efficacy of commercial prostaglandin E2 products, in combination with oxytocin, for the initiation of labor among pregnancies with pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension and with either proteinuria or other end-organ damage were enrolled if they had an unfavorable Bishop score (</=4) ...
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