Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1601
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Jones Rachel K - - 2007
Underreporting of induced abortions in surveys is widespread, both in countries where the procedure is illegal or highly restricted and in those where it is legal. In this study, we find that fewer than one half of induced abortions performed in the United States in 1997-2001 (47 percent) were reported ...
Virk Jasveer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The long-term safety of surgical abortion in the first trimester is well established. Despite the increasing use of medical abortion (abortion by means of medication), limited information is available regarding the effects of this procedure on subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: We identified all women living in Denmark who had undergone ...
Almarzouqi Mohammed - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the experience and outcome of pregnancies in women taking gold while planning pregnancy. METHODS: We undertook a chart review of patients attending for gold injection and monitoring between January 1992 and April 2006. For women who became pregnant while being followed taking gold therapy, we extracted demographic, ...
Savell Kristin - - 2007
The development of 4D ultrasound technology has democratised fetal imagery by offering direct visual access to realistic images of the fetus in utero. These images, which purport to show a responsive being capable of complex behaviour, have renewed debate about the personhood of the fetus and the adequacy of current ...
Nogareda C - - 2007
The dynamics of antibody production against Neospora caninum during the gestation period was examined in chronically infected dairy cows. Data were obtained from 86 pregnant parous dairy cows, 21 of which had suffered abortion. The cows belonged to two herds in which a diagnosis of N. caninum infection had been ...
Curtis Carolyn - - 2007
Each year, an estimated 210 million women become pregnant. Worldwide, more than one fourth of these pregnancies will end in abortion or an unplanned birth. While many abortions may result from the desire to delay or avoid pregnancy, 15% to 20% of pregnancies will end in miscarriage or stillbirth with ...
Gupta Sajal - - 2007
Human reproduction is not considered a highly efficient biological process. Before the end of the first trimester, 30%-50% of conceptions end in spontaneous abortion. Most losses occur at the time of implantation. 15%-20% of clinical pregnancies end in spontaneous abortions. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a frustrating clinical problem both for ...
Hogge W Allen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between skewed X-inactivation and recurrent spontaneous abortion in a large, well-defined sample of women with recurrent loss. STUDY DESIGN: X-chromosome inactivation patterns were compared in 5 groups of women. Group 1 (recurrent spontaneous abortion) consisted of ...
Talykova Ljudmila Vasiljevna - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to compare the prevalence of selected maternal and lifestyle factors as well as the reproductive outcome of working women in two cities in Northwestern Russia (Moncegorsk and Apatity), and to assess the quality of pregnancy-outcome data obtained in an interview with registered information. ...
Sivojelezova Anna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glucosamine (GLS) is an endogenous aminomonosaccharide. It is used as a disease-modifying agent for the treatment of osteoarthritis. There is no information regarding its use in pregnancy. Our objective was to determine whether GLS treatment in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of major malformations or other adverse ...
Gallo Maria F - - 2007
Although legal and safe-induced abortion services are available on request in Vietnam, second-trimester abortion still occurs. Given the increased risks and higher costs associated with later-term abortions, we conducted a qualitative study to understand the determinants of delaying abortion until the second trimester. We used purposive sampling to conduct semi-structured ...
Paradisi Roberto - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the systemic production of nitric oxide (NO) in missed and threatened abortion and in nonpregnant and regular pregnant controls with the purpose of defining its role in the mechanisms regulating the first-trimester pregnancy toward either positive or negative evolution. Patients with missed ...
Chelouche Tessa - - 2007
This paper does not attempt to deal with the legitimate ethical or moral debate on abortion. Utilizing abortion as a subject I will show how science and medicine in general, and abortion in particular, were used as weapons of mass destruction by Nazi physicians in their zeal to comply with ...
Duwadi Nirmal - - 2007
This study attempts to ascertain the reasons that lead women to abortion and assess the extent of the involvement of their husband or male partner in the pregnancy decision making. A total 304 of women who received safe abortion services during the eight-month period from 8 clinics of Family Planning ...
Sathar Zeba A - - 2007
This study applies an indirect estimation method to develop comprehensive national and provincial estimates of the prevalence of abortion and abortion-related morbidity in Pakistan. Data from a health facilities survey and a health professionals survey from 2002 are analyzed to develop estimates of postabortion hospitalizations and of the abortion rate, ...
Fergusson David M - - 2007
CONTEXT: Young women frequently cite concerns about the effects of unplanned pregnancies on future life course outcomes, including education, employment and relationships, as reasons for seeking abortion. There is relatively little evidence as to whether abortion leads to improved life course outcomes for young women who choose this option. METHODS: ...
Garcia-Bournissen Facundo - - 2007
One of my patients who was taking sibutramine to lose weight found out that she had unexpectedly conceived. The medication was stopped as soon as she found out, about 5 weeks into the pregnancy. Is the baby at risk? Should the pregnancy be aborted? No data to date suggest that ...
Bérard Anick - - 2007
To estimate the population-based incidence rates of pregnancy, spontaneous and elective abortions, and birth defects associated with isotretinoin use, and to determine predictors of pregnancy while on isotretinoin. Using the RAMQ (medical and pharmaceutical data), MED-ECHO (hospitalizations) and ISQ (births and deaths) databases for the period 1984-2002, a cohort of ...
Du Mei-Rong - - 2007
The embryo expresses paternal antigens foreign to the mother, and therefore has been viewed as a natural allograft. Cyclosporin A (CsA) is an immunosuppressant for preventing allograft rejection. Little is known, however, about the modulating effect of CsA on the materno-fetal relationship. In this study, pregnant CBA/J female mice mated ...
Lazenby Gweneth B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Müllerian anomalies increase the potential for complications during pregnancy termination. We present an unusual complication of abortion in a patient with a bicornuate uterus. CASE: We present a case of failed medical and surgical abortion in a woman with a bicornuate uterus. A hysteroscopy was performed, but the pregnant ...
Allaert S E G - - 2007
Approximately 0.5-2% of all pregnant women undergo nonobstetric surgery during their pregnancy. This percentage does not include patients who are in the early phase of gestation and are not aware of it at the time of surgery. When pregnancy is diagnosed, the concern raises whether surgery and anesthesia during early ...
Epstein Richard J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of breast cancer during pregnancy was formerly considered an indication for abortion. The pendulum has since swung to the other extreme, with most reviews now rejecting termination while endorsing immediate anthracycline-based therapy for any pregnant patient beyond the first trimester. To assess the evidence for this radical change ...
Coppola Danielle - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A significant number of women of childbearing age have schizophrenia or other psychoses. This means that there is a considerable risk of in utero exposure to risperidone due to maternal use. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether in utero exposure to the atypical antipsychotic risperidone is associated with poor pregnancy and ...
Zodpey S P - - 2007
The present population based group comparison study was undertaken to study the circumstances, motivations and influencing factors for seeking abortion in women in Chandrapur District of Maharashtra. Participants of the study included 500 cases of induced abortion and the equal number of normal delivered women during the same period and ...
Armengol Ramon - - 2006
Neospora caninum-associated abortion was diagnosed in a 7-mo gestational age beef cow fetus from Andorra. The fetus had a multifocal necrotizing encephalitis and nonpurulent multifocal myocarditis. The diagnosis was confirmed by demonstration of N. caninum DNA by polymerase chain reaction and tachyzoites by specific staining with N. caninum polyclonal antibodies ...
Anderson Kermyt G - - 2006
We examine the demographic correlates of paternity confidence, or men's assessment of the likelihood that they are the genetic father of a particular child. Evolutionary theory predicts that men will provide less parental investment for putative genetic offspring who are unlikely to be their actual offspring, but confidence of paternity ...
Sulmasy Daniel P - - 2006
On the grounds that tape is an act of violence, not a natural act of intercourse, Roman Catholic teaching traditionally has permitted women who have been raped to take steps to prevent pregnancy, while consistently prohibiting abortion even in the case of rape. Recent scientific evidence that emergency contraception (EC) ...
Statham H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: UK abortion law allows terminations for fetal abnormality without gestational limit. This study aimed to understand the decision-making experiences of fetal medicine professionals working within this legal framework. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews. SETTING: Four English fetal medicine units. SAMPLE: Fifteen doctors and midwives working in fetal medicine ...
Strauss Lilo T - - 2006
CDC began abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions. This report summarizes and describes data voluntarily reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States in 2003. For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data by ...
Garcia Mariana G - - 2007
The materno-fetal interface has for long been considered as an immune privileged biological site and thus understanding the mechanisms underlying fetal survival have been the focus of intense research. In adults, survivin and Stat-3 proteins are involved in tolerance as well as the induction of apoptosis. However, the role of ...
Okonofua Friday - - 2006
Unsafe abortion is an important public health problem, accounting for 13% of maternal mortality in developing countries. Of an estimated annual 70,000 deaths from unsafe abortion worldwide, over 99% occur in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa, Central and Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Factors associated with ...
Mitchell Ellen M H - - 2006
This study explores students' narratives and discourses about adolescent pregnancy and abortion elicited via internet-based open-ended questions posed in response to a cartoon vignette. We report on content analysis of recommendations and strategies for how to manage the unplanned pregnancy of a fictional young couple and in their own personal ...
Chao Angel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of mifepristone-induced abortion in only one horn but a growing fetus in another horn for a twin pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman who conceived spontaneously presented with ...
Mulligan Ea C - - 2006
The legalisation of abortion allowed the publication of surgical outcome data demonstrating low complication rates. South Australian data from the outcomes of surgery conducted at the Pregnancy Advisory Centre illustrate the monitoring of complication rates such as uterine perforation, continuing pregnancy and incomplete abortion to improve surgical outcomes. While quality ...
Lalitkumar S - - 2007
Mid-trimester abortion constitutes 10-15% of all induced abortion. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the current literature of mid-trimester methods of abortion with respect to efficacy, side effects and acceptability. There have been continuing efforts to improve the abortion technology in terms of effectiveness, technical ...
Santelli John S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We examined pregnancy decisionmaking among women seeking abortion or prenatal care. METHODS: Conventional measures of pregnancy intentions were compared with newer measures in 1017 women seeking abortion. A reduced sample of abortion patients (142 African American women from New Orleans) was compared with 464 similar women entering prenatal care. ...
Bech-Sàbat G - - 2006
Neospora caninum infection is a major risk factor for abortion in cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of progesterone supplementation from days 35 to 63 of gestation on abortion in 351 N. caninum seropositive dairy cows. Animals were assigned randomly to Treatment (n = 180), ...
Falk Gabriella - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: One of the targets of national health programs is to prevent unintended pregnancies, especially among teenagers. It is well established that these often lead to abortion. Preventive programs aimed at decreasing abortion rates should identify target groups at risk for unintended pregnancies. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine ...
Howards Penelope P - - 2006
Most studies of spontaneous abortion are subject to left truncation, because conception is not observed and thus pregnant women are enrolled postconception. Cox regression can account for left truncation but uses gestational age data, which may be inaccurate. Dating is affected by reporting errors and variability in the day of ...
Carpenter Tim E - - 2006
Abortion in dairy cows in well-managed dairies is not common but differences have been reported probably due to variation in animal health, nutrition and management, as well as difficulties in observing the aborted material. A 38-month study of 507 large Danish dairy herds revealed 3354 late-term abortions and 224,419 calvings ...
Pallikadavath Saseendran - - 2006
CONTEXT: A cultural preference for sons may be a factor driving recourse to abortion in India, as women carrying female fetuses may decide to terminate their pregnancies. To assess this hypothesis, more information on the incidence of abortion, and on maternal and social correlates of the procedure, is needed. METHODS: ...
Singh Susheela - - 2006
CONTEXT: Although Guatemalan law permits induced abortion only to save a woman's life, many women obtain abortions, often under unsafe conditions and in response to an unintended pregnancy. Recent studies indicate that unsafe abortion is a key factor contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality in the country, but no national ...
Thapa Sonu R - - 2006
In underdeveloped countries, where abortion is still illegal and not easily accessible, the number of unsafe abortions is soaring, as are the associated complications. However, in developed countries, where termination of pregnancy is legal and freely accessible, unsafe methods are uncommonly seen and reported. We report one such case of ...
Kleinhaus K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of paternal age upon spontaneous abortion. METHODS: This case-control study of 13,865 women draws on data from women's antenatal or postpartum interviews in the Jerusalem Perinatal Study, a population-based cohort derived from 92,408 births in 1964-1976. Case women (n=1,506) reported spontaneous abortion in the pregnancy ...
Finer Lawrence B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We studied the steps in the process of obtaining abortions and women's reported delays in order to help understand difficulties in accessing abortion services. METHODS: In 2004, a structured survey was completed by 1209 abortion patients at 11 large providers, and in-depth interviews were conducted with 38 women at ...
Menezes Greice M S - - 2006
This study aimed to identify the factors associated with induced abortion in the first pregnancy in young women and in the first time young men got their partners pregnant. The methodology was a household survey with face-to-face interviews in a probabilistic sample in three stages with 4,634 subjects, aged 18 ...
Martino Steven C - - 2006
CONTEXT: Several studies have found a relationship between abortion and prior substance use, suggesting that a reduction in substance use might help decrease abortion rates. However, such a conclusion requires a greater understanding of the processes linking abortion and prior substance use. METHOD: Path analysis of longitudinal data from 1,224 ...
Ahman Elisabeth L - - 2006
Despite a substantial rise in contraceptive use around the world, unplanned pregnancies and induced abortion continue to occur. Each year an estimated 19 million abortions are carried out outside the legal system, often by unskilled practitioners or under unhygienic conditions. This paper explores the relationship between contraceptive prevalence and unsafe ...
Matsuoka Tetsuya - - 2006
This study's aim is to investigate the relationship between stage and degree of restricted feeding during the gestation period and occurrence of abortion, premature birth or fetal damage in rabbits. The study was composed of 5 groups of pregnant Kbl:NZW rabbits that consisted of 8 animals each. These groups were ...
David Henry P - - 2006
A long-held belief among mental health practitioners is that being born unwanted carries a risk of negative psychosocial development and poor mental health in adulthood. The Prague Study was designed to test this hypothesis. It followed the development and mental well-being of 220 children (now adults) born in 1961-63 in ...
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