Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1647
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Erfani Amir - - 2008
Iran has experienced a dramatic decline in fertility in recent decades, but limited access to legal abortion continues to lead many women whose pregnancies are unwanted or mistimed to undergo clandestine, unsafe abortions. No official data on the abortion rate in Iran have been collected, however. This study uses the ...
Scharwächter Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In 2005, 28,738 Dutch women underwent an abortion. Of this group, 10% were in doubt whether or not to have their pregnancy terminated. The author wished to show that focusing facilitates the decision-making process in such cases. METHODS: The article starts by describing the psychological consequences and accompanying problems ...
Oliveras Elizabeth - - 2008
Reliable measures of induced abortion remain elusive, especially when the public perception is that the procedure is immoral or improper. This study draws on interviews using a modified preceding birth technique (PBT) with women attending antenatal and maternity clinics in Accra to compare rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes (stillbirths, miscarriages, ...
Machtinger Ronit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the success rate of misoprostol to induce abortion in early pregnancy failure and to define the factors associated with success of treatment. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary medical center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty women with the diagnosis of blighted ovum or missed abortion with a crown-rump ...
Berer Marge - - 2008
There will always be women who need abortions after 12 weeks of pregnancy, and their reasons are often compelling. Although second trimester abortions carry relatively more risks than first trimester abortions, abortion is still very safe throughout the second trimester if done in safe conditions. This paper is about law ...
Grimes David A - - 2008
Decades after its introduction, dilatation and evacuation (D&E) is still not universally offered by gynaecologists who provide second trimester abortion. Three lines of evidence point to D&E as the preferred method for most women. First, the uterus has evolved to expel its contents early and late in pregnancy, not in ...
Ustá Momade Bay - - 2008
In Mozambique, since 1985, induced abortion services up to 12 weeks of pregnancy are performed in the interest of protecting women's health. We asked whether any women were being adversely affected by the 12-week limit. A retrospective record review of all 1,734 pregnant women requesting termination of pregnancy in five ...
Loeber Olga - - 2008
Second trimester abortion has been legal in the Netherlands since 1984. Factors influencing second trimester abortion in the Netherlands may be different from those that play a role in first trimester abortions. This is important for professionals in counselling and education. In this paper national registration data are used to ...
Harris Lisa H - - 2008
How do abortion providers determine how late in pregnancy they will provide abortion services? While law, training and socio-political factors likely play a part, this essay considers additional factors, including: personal and psychological aspects, visceral responses to the fetus and fetal parts at later gestations, feelings that second trimester abortion ...
Lohr Patricia A - - 2008
The development of dilatation and evacuation (D&E) as a method of second trimester surgical abortion occurred soon after abortion law reform took place in the 1960s and 1970s in Europe and the United States. Today, D&E is the predominant method of second trimester abortion in many parts of the world. ...
Chen Li-Juan - - 2008
The pregnancy is the successful induction and maintenance of maternal tolerance to semi-allogeneic fetus. As a failure result, recurrent spontaneous abortion occurs in about 1-2% of women of reproductive age, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies. The mechanism of recurrent spontaneous abortion is often elusive. Recently, ...
Singh M - - 2008
This is a retrospective study of 614 women undergoing first trimester medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) from 1 January to 31 December 2006, at Nottingham Contraception and Sexual Health service. All women were in the gestational age of 6-9 weeks. The results showed that three women had blood loss of ...
Penner Paul S - - 2008
Even for persons who hold to the ethical acceptance of abortion practices in general, questions of detail often arise. If you assume the distinction between the physical human organism alone and the person that is associated with that organism, then you must face the question of whether it is permissible ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2008
In spite of a substantial increase in the use of topiramate at child bearing age, very little is known regarding its use in pregnancy. We describe the outcome of 52 pregnancies with 41 liveborn infants from which it seems that topiramate reduces birth weight without decreasing gestational age at delivery, ...
Gan Changping - - 2008
Seven prospective cohort studies (12484 cases) were included in this review of the respective effects on the next pregnancy of medical and surgical abortion in early pregnancy. The incidence of miscarriage and postpartum hemorrhage was significantly lower in the pregnancy following a medical abortion. No other significant differences were found. ...
Tunc Tanfer Emin - - 2008
In 1971, lay California abortion provider Harvey Karman set out to revolutionize second trimester abortion just as he had done for first trimester abortion with his eponymous suction curette, the Karman cannula. An ardent critic of hypertonic saline instillation and surgical procedures such as hysterotomy, his plan was to introduce ...
Jones Rachel K - - 2008
CONTEXT: Accurate information about abortion incidence and services is necessary to monitor levels of unwanted pregnancy and women's ability to access abortion services. METHODS: All known abortion providers in the United States were contacted for information about abortion services in 2004 and 2005. This information, along with data from the ...
Weselak Mandy - - 2008
It is estimated that close to 30% of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. Although about 60% of spontaneous abortions are thought to be due to genetic, infectious, hormonal, and immunological factors, the role of the environment remains poorly understood. Pregnancy involves a delicate balance of hormonal and immunological functions, ...
Colman Silvie - - 2008
We evaluated the presence of misclassification bias in the estimated effect of parental involvement laws on minors' reproductive outcomes when subjection to such laws was measured by age at the time of pregnancy resolution. Using data from abortion and birth certificates, we evaluated the effect of Texas's parental notification law ...
Coulam Carolyn B - - 2008
PROBLEM: To be successful, pregnancy must induce its own blood supply through angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the best characterized regulator of angiogenesis and one polymorphism of the VEGF gene, -1154, has been suggested to be associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion. The aim of this study was ...
Paparistidis Nikolaos - - 2008
PROBLEM: Increased peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cells are associated to immune-mediated abortion, but their diagnostic value when measured at the time of miscarriage is unknown. METHOD OF STUDY: In women with therapeutic (A = 79) or elective (C = 34) pregnancy termination, the NK-cell percentage was measured before and ...
Georgiev P - - 2008
This study was conducted to investigate endometrial and placental structural changes that occurred in response to mid-gestational termination of pregnancy in queens using aglepristone, a progesterone receptor antagonist. Thirteen European Shorthair pregnant queens were either treated with aglepristone (10 mg/kg body weight; subcutaneously) twice on days 25 and 26 after ...
Abd-El-Maeboud Karim H I - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effect of vaginal pH on the efficacy of misoprostol for induction of midtrimester abortion. METHODS: The study comprised 110 women, with a gestational age of 14-26 weeks, with a missed abortion as an indication for the induction of abortion. On admission, the vaginal pH was measured ...
de Crespigny Lachlan J - - 2008
Abortion law reform focuses on early abortion. Women wanting to have a family who have a fetal abnormality detected later in pregnancy are neglected in the debate and harmed by the consequences of current legal uncertainty. Unclear abortion laws compromise: the quality of prenatal testing; management when an abnormality is ...
Majlessi F - - 2008
A high proportion of maternal deaths are caused by abortion, especially induced abortion. This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of illegally-induced abortion prior to admittance and its associated risk factors in 8 maternity hospitals in Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran, during 2003-04. In confidential interviews with 417 women who attended ...
Elshamy Maged - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the outcome of pregnancies complicated by Brucella infection. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: EL-Hasan National Hospital, El-Rawad Clinic, TAIF, SAUDI ARABIA (where the practical part of the study was accomplished) and Obstetrics & Gynecology Department, Mansoura University Hospital (where the theoretical part of the study ...
Ordinioha B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Most of the information on abortion in Nigeria are based on information from women hospitalized for abortion complications. However a lot of abortions, especially those carried out by medical doctors do not cause enough complications to register in hospital statistics. This study is to explore the profile of women ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2008
Genetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding the termination of pregnancy for three genetic diseases: thalassemia major, hemophilia, and Down's syndrome. A questionnaire was administered to selected physicians ...
Lindström Meta - - 2007
In order to gain knowledge about midwives' clinical and emotional experiences of working with termination of pregnancy (TOP) and their perception of women's motives for having an abortion questionnaires were mailed to a representative sample of Swedish midwives (n = 258), and 84% responded. Responses to 17 statements were studied ...
Font-Ribera Laia - - 2008
Pregnancy planning allows women to better control their life trajectory and contributes to the future child's health and development. Many studies that have analyzed socioeconomic inequalities in unintended pregnancy only took into account those pregnancies ending in births. Few of them that analyzed unintended pregnancy, including both induced abortion and ...
Zolghadri Jaleh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of an abnormal glucose tolerance test in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion and whether metformin would safely reduce the rate of first trimester spontaneous abortions in patients without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as with PCOS and an abnormal glucose tolerance test. DESIGN: Prospective ...
Heikinheimo Oskari - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various regimens of mifepristone and misoprostol are used in medical abortion. We examined the effect of a change in protocol from a fixed mifepristone-misoprostol interval to a flexible one on the efficacy and uptake of medical abortion. In addition, risk factors of incomplete abortions were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Altogether, ...
Nwogu-Ikojo E E - - 2007
This study reviewed abortion-related maternal deaths, from January 2000 to December 2005 at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, to identify maternal characteristics, abortion types, provider characteristics, complications and causes of death. Abortion was defined as termination of pregnancy before 28 completed weeks of pregnancy. There were 93 ...
Choi J S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the maternal and fetal outcomes of women with respiratory illnesses who were treated with inhaled fluticasone during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 12 cases treated with inhaled fluticasone during pregnancy out of women who received obstetric and teratogen-risk evaluation at ...
Shepard Bonnie L - - 2007
Abortion is not legal in Chile even to save the woman's life or health. This situation creates serious dilemmas and vulnerabilities for both women and medical practitioners. Abortion incidence has probably decreased since 1990, when data were last studied, due to increased use of contraception and lower fertility, and deaths ...
Gurevich Pavel - - 2007
PROBLEM: Morphologic changes in the placental barrier in spontaneous early abortions under the maternal-embryonic immune conflict, and the role of maternal immunoglobulins (Igs) in these changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined chorionic villi and other tissues obtained from 54 aborts between weeks 3.5 and 8 of pregnancy. Material was divided ...
Boriboonhirunsarn Dittakarn - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine ultrasonographic appearances in pregnant women clinically diagnosed with threatened abortion. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Seven hundred and seventy six pregnant women clinically diagnosed with threatened abortion and receiving ultrasonographic examination were enrolled Data on ultrasonographic characteristics were obtained from records at the Maternal-fetal Medicine unit. ...
Sedgh Gilda - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Information on incidence of induced abortion is crucial for identifying policy and programmatic needs aimed at reducing unintended pregnancy. Because unsafe abortion is a cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, measures of its incidence are also important for monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. We present new worldwide ...
Pelinescu-Onciul Dimitrie - - 2007
The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of progestogenic therapy for the prevention of spontaneous abortions in patients with subchorionic hemorrhage. One hundred pregnant women with bleeding and ultrasonographic evidence of subchorionic hematoma were treated with oral dydrogesterone 40 mg/day. Only cases in which the embryo was ...
Pasquier E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported conflicting results regarding recurrent pregnancy loss and skewed X-chromosome inactivation. Hence, we sought an association by carrying out a specifically designed incident paired case-control study with required statistical power. METHODS: Design incident 1:3 matched case-control study, from 2003 to 2007. Setting: University Hospital of Brest. ...
Rossier Clémentine - - 2007
In this study, we model women's recourse to induced abortion as resulting from a process that starts with sexual intercourse and contraceptive use (or nonuse), continues with the occurrence of an unintended pregnancy, and ends with the woman's decision to terminate the pregnancy and her access to abortion services. Our ...
Gharesi-Fard Behrouz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is defined as three or more sequential abortions before the twentieth week of gestation. There are evidences to support an allo-immunologic mechanism for RSA. One of the methods for treatment of RSA is leukocyte therapy; however there is still controversy about effectiveness of this method. ...
Jones Rachel K - - 2007
Underreporting of induced abortions in surveys is widespread, both in countries where the procedure is illegal or highly restricted and in those where it is legal. In this study, we find that fewer than one half of induced abortions performed in the United States in 1997-2001 (47 percent) were reported ...
Virk Jasveer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The long-term safety of surgical abortion in the first trimester is well established. Despite the increasing use of medical abortion (abortion by means of medication), limited information is available regarding the effects of this procedure on subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: We identified all women living in Denmark who had undergone ...
Almarzouqi Mohammed - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the experience and outcome of pregnancies in women taking gold while planning pregnancy. METHODS: We undertook a chart review of patients attending for gold injection and monitoring between January 1992 and April 2006. For women who became pregnant while being followed taking gold therapy, we extracted demographic, ...
Savell Kristin - - 2007
The development of 4D ultrasound technology has democratised fetal imagery by offering direct visual access to realistic images of the fetus in utero. These images, which purport to show a responsive being capable of complex behaviour, have renewed debate about the personhood of the fetus and the adequacy of current ...
Nogareda C - - 2007
The dynamics of antibody production against Neospora caninum during the gestation period was examined in chronically infected dairy cows. Data were obtained from 86 pregnant parous dairy cows, 21 of which had suffered abortion. The cows belonged to two herds in which a diagnosis of N. caninum infection had been ...
Curtis Carolyn - - 2007
Each year, an estimated 210 million women become pregnant. Worldwide, more than one fourth of these pregnancies will end in abortion or an unplanned birth. While many abortions may result from the desire to delay or avoid pregnancy, 15% to 20% of pregnancies will end in miscarriage or stillbirth with ...
Gupta Sajal - - 2007
Human reproduction is not considered a highly efficient biological process. Before the end of the first trimester, 30%-50% of conceptions end in spontaneous abortion. Most losses occur at the time of implantation. 15%-20% of clinical pregnancies end in spontaneous abortions. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a frustrating clinical problem both for ...
Hogge W Allen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between skewed X-inactivation and recurrent spontaneous abortion in a large, well-defined sample of women with recurrent loss. STUDY DESIGN: X-chromosome inactivation patterns were compared in 5 groups of women. Group 1 (recurrent spontaneous abortion) consisted of ...
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