Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1666
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Gentile Salvatore - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of studies have suggested that maternal exposure to post-tricyclic antidepressants during pregnancy might be associated with an increased risk of poor birth, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes. Among these complications, the occurrence of spontaneous abortions represents one of the most dramatic events for the pregnant woman. METHODS: ...
Biddlecom Ann - - 2008
Though pregnancy termination is highly restricted in Kenya, induced abortion remains common. Illegal abortion is often unsafe, putting women at risk of death or severe complications. In eastern Africa as a whole, an estimated 14% of all pregnancies end in abortion, and nearly one in five maternal deaths are due ...
Kamilova N - - 2008
Miscarrying of pregnancy remains a major problem in obstetrics and gynecology. Inflammatory disease is known to affect reproductive function. To identify the role of the urogenital infection in the genesis of miscarriage, 58 women with complicated obstetrical anamnesis are examined. It is found that the persisting sexually transmitted urogenital infection ...
van Emmerik Arnold A P - - 2008
This study investigated short-term re-experiencing and avoidance after elective surgical abortion. In addition, it was prospectively investigated whether peritraumatic dissociation and pre-abortion dissociative tendencies and alexithymia predict re-experiencing and avoidance. In a prospective observational design, Dutch-speaking women presenting for first trimester elective surgical abortion completed self-report measures for dissociative tendency ...
O'Connell Katharine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this analysis was to assess the second-trimester surgical abortion practices of National Abortion Federation (NAF) members in North America and Australia. STUDY DESIGN: In 2002, questionnaires were mailed to 364 active member clinics of NAF for completion by their clinic administrators and individual providers. RESULTS: Two ...
Sedgh Gilda - - 2008
Each year in Indonesia, millions of women become pregnant unintentionally, and many choose to end their pregnancies, despite the fact that abortion is generally illegal. Like their counterparts in many developing countries where abortion is stigmatized and highly restricted, Indonesian women often seek clandestine procedures performed by untrained providers, and ...
Sato Tomoko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetomaternal microchimerism in women with induced abortion or spontaneous pregnancy loss. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 76 healthy women who underwent dilation and curettage in the first trimester but had never had an abortion or male delivery before. Samples were collected at three time points: ...
Cheng Yimin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for integrating postabortion care with family planning services in China. METHOD: We collected data from a clinic-based study of 24 abortion clinics in 3 large cities in China. RESULTS: There was a total of 287 (10.3%) high-risk abortions among the 2780 respondents, 974 (35%) of ...
Garrisi John G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) would decrease spontaneous abortion rates in patients with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). DESIGN: Controlled clinical study. SETTING: IVF center and PGD reference laboratory. PATIENT(S): Patients with RPL with no known etiology. INTERVENTION(S): Preimplantation genetic diagnosis by fluorescence in situ hybridization analyzing ...
Yu Gary - - 2008
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) acts via tlr4 to promote Th1 cytokine secretion and abortions. LPS is an essential co-factor in spontaneous abortion in the CBA x DBA/2 model and in stress-triggered abortions. In the CBA x DBA/2 model, C3a, C5a, and fgl2 prothrombinase participate in triggering inflammation that terminates embryo viability. As ...
Fanslow Janet - - 2008
AIM: This study aims to describe pregnancy outcomes for a population-based sample of New Zealand women, and to explore the relationship between lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) and two non-birth pregnancy outcomes: spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) and termination of pregnancy (abortion). METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a random ...
Dubinsky Valeria - - 2008
PROBLEM: Regulatory factors seem to be essential to achieve transition from implantation window to placental vascularization. A novel function of interleukin (IL)-6 in the promotion of Th2 differentiation and inhibition of Th1 polarization has been demonstrated. Considering that Th2 response promotes antibody synthesis, we postulate that IL-6 could be modulating ...
Cook Rebecca J - - 2008
About a third of anencephalic fetuses are born alive, but they are not conscious or viable, and soon die. This neural tube defect can be limited by dietary consumption of foliates, and detected prenatally by ultrasound and other means. Many laws permit abortion, on this indication or on the effects ...
Igberase G O - - 2008
Unsafe abortion remains a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries including Nigeria. We report a 10-year descriptive review of 118 consecutive cases of complicated induced abortions. At our centre, complications of induced abortion constituted 2.3% of maternal admissions, 5.6% of gynaecological admissions and 22.6% of maternal ...
Meister Reinhard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion rates are of general interest when investigating pregnancy outcome. In most studies observations are left truncated as pregnant women enter with a delay of several weeks after conception. Apart from spontaneous abortion pregnancy may end in induced abortion or live birth. These outcomes are considered as competing ...
Hashiloni-Dolev Yael - - 2008
This paper reports findings from a comparative study of Israeli and German genetic counsellors' perceptions of the moral standing of the fetus. Data collected through in-depth interviews with counsellors in both countries (N=32) are presented, and their moral practices are analysed. The paper's findings suggest that while German counsellors perceive ...
Schlafer D H - - 2008
Knowledge of the causes of canine or feline pregnancy loss is limited and the success rate for making a definitive diagnosis is disappointingly low. Although these facts are discouraging, there are some things that can be done to improve success rates. This paper will address limitations and explore ways for ...
Arnold Christina A - - 2008
Historically, untreated disseminated coccidioidomycosis during pregnancy was thought to be associated with 100% maternal fatality and 50% fetal mortality and was the leading cause of maternal deaths in areas of endemicity. As recently as 1995, therapeutic abortions and early deliveries were advocated in certain contexts. This report describes an unrecognized ...
Erfani Amir - - 2008
Iran has experienced a dramatic decline in fertility in recent decades, but limited access to legal abortion continues to lead many women whose pregnancies are unwanted or mistimed to undergo clandestine, unsafe abortions. No official data on the abortion rate in Iran have been collected, however. This study uses the ...
Scharwächter Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In 2005, 28,738 Dutch women underwent an abortion. Of this group, 10% were in doubt whether or not to have their pregnancy terminated. The author wished to show that focusing facilitates the decision-making process in such cases. METHODS: The article starts by describing the psychological consequences and accompanying problems ...
Oliveras Elizabeth - - 2008
Reliable measures of induced abortion remain elusive, especially when the public perception is that the procedure is immoral or improper. This study draws on interviews using a modified preceding birth technique (PBT) with women attending antenatal and maternity clinics in Accra to compare rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes (stillbirths, miscarriages, ...
Machtinger Ronit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the success rate of misoprostol to induce abortion in early pregnancy failure and to define the factors associated with success of treatment. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary medical center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty women with the diagnosis of blighted ovum or missed abortion with a crown-rump ...
Berer Marge - - 2008
There will always be women who need abortions after 12 weeks of pregnancy, and their reasons are often compelling. Although second trimester abortions carry relatively more risks than first trimester abortions, abortion is still very safe throughout the second trimester if done in safe conditions. This paper is about law ...
Grimes David A - - 2008
Decades after its introduction, dilatation and evacuation (D&E) is still not universally offered by gynaecologists who provide second trimester abortion. Three lines of evidence point to D&E as the preferred method for most women. First, the uterus has evolved to expel its contents early and late in pregnancy, not in ...
Ustá Momade Bay - - 2008
In Mozambique, since 1985, induced abortion services up to 12 weeks of pregnancy are performed in the interest of protecting women's health. We asked whether any women were being adversely affected by the 12-week limit. A retrospective record review of all 1,734 pregnant women requesting termination of pregnancy in five ...
Loeber Olga - - 2008
Second trimester abortion has been legal in the Netherlands since 1984. Factors influencing second trimester abortion in the Netherlands may be different from those that play a role in first trimester abortions. This is important for professionals in counselling and education. In this paper national registration data are used to ...
Harris Lisa H - - 2008
How do abortion providers determine how late in pregnancy they will provide abortion services? While law, training and socio-political factors likely play a part, this essay considers additional factors, including: personal and psychological aspects, visceral responses to the fetus and fetal parts at later gestations, feelings that second trimester abortion ...
Lohr Patricia A - - 2008
The development of dilatation and evacuation (D&E) as a method of second trimester surgical abortion occurred soon after abortion law reform took place in the 1960s and 1970s in Europe and the United States. Today, D&E is the predominant method of second trimester abortion in many parts of the world. ...
Chen Li-Juan - - 2008
The pregnancy is the successful induction and maintenance of maternal tolerance to semi-allogeneic fetus. As a failure result, recurrent spontaneous abortion occurs in about 1-2% of women of reproductive age, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies. The mechanism of recurrent spontaneous abortion is often elusive. Recently, ...
Singh M - - 2008
This is a retrospective study of 614 women undergoing first trimester medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) from 1 January to 31 December 2006, at Nottingham Contraception and Sexual Health service. All women were in the gestational age of 6-9 weeks. The results showed that three women had blood loss of ...
Penner Paul S - - 2008
Even for persons who hold to the ethical acceptance of abortion practices in general, questions of detail often arise. If you assume the distinction between the physical human organism alone and the person that is associated with that organism, then you must face the question of whether it is permissible ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2008
In spite of a substantial increase in the use of topiramate at child bearing age, very little is known regarding its use in pregnancy. We describe the outcome of 52 pregnancies with 41 liveborn infants from which it seems that topiramate reduces birth weight without decreasing gestational age at delivery, ...
Gan Changping - - 2008
Seven prospective cohort studies (12484 cases) were included in this review of the respective effects on the next pregnancy of medical and surgical abortion in early pregnancy. The incidence of miscarriage and postpartum hemorrhage was significantly lower in the pregnancy following a medical abortion. No other significant differences were found. ...
Tunc Tanfer Emin - - 2008
In 1971, lay California abortion provider Harvey Karman set out to revolutionize second trimester abortion just as he had done for first trimester abortion with his eponymous suction curette, the Karman cannula. An ardent critic of hypertonic saline instillation and surgical procedures such as hysterotomy, his plan was to introduce ...
Jones Rachel K - - 2008
CONTEXT: Accurate information about abortion incidence and services is necessary to monitor levels of unwanted pregnancy and women's ability to access abortion services. METHODS: All known abortion providers in the United States were contacted for information about abortion services in 2004 and 2005. This information, along with data from the ...
Weselak Mandy - - 2008
It is estimated that close to 30% of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortion. Although about 60% of spontaneous abortions are thought to be due to genetic, infectious, hormonal, and immunological factors, the role of the environment remains poorly understood. Pregnancy involves a delicate balance of hormonal and immunological functions, ...
Colman Silvie - - 2008
We evaluated the presence of misclassification bias in the estimated effect of parental involvement laws on minors' reproductive outcomes when subjection to such laws was measured by age at the time of pregnancy resolution. Using data from abortion and birth certificates, we evaluated the effect of Texas's parental notification law ...
Coulam Carolyn B - - 2008
PROBLEM: To be successful, pregnancy must induce its own blood supply through angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the best characterized regulator of angiogenesis and one polymorphism of the VEGF gene, -1154, has been suggested to be associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion. The aim of this study was ...
Paparistidis Nikolaos - - 2008
PROBLEM: Increased peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cells are associated to immune-mediated abortion, but their diagnostic value when measured at the time of miscarriage is unknown. METHOD OF STUDY: In women with therapeutic (A = 79) or elective (C = 34) pregnancy termination, the NK-cell percentage was measured before and ...
Georgiev P - - 2008
This study was conducted to investigate endometrial and placental structural changes that occurred in response to mid-gestational termination of pregnancy in queens using aglepristone, a progesterone receptor antagonist. Thirteen European Shorthair pregnant queens were either treated with aglepristone (10 mg/kg body weight; subcutaneously) twice on days 25 and 26 after ...
Abd-El-Maeboud Karim H I - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effect of vaginal pH on the efficacy of misoprostol for induction of midtrimester abortion. METHODS: The study comprised 110 women, with a gestational age of 14-26 weeks, with a missed abortion as an indication for the induction of abortion. On admission, the vaginal pH was measured ...
de Crespigny Lachlan J - - 2008
Abortion law reform focuses on early abortion. Women wanting to have a family who have a fetal abnormality detected later in pregnancy are neglected in the debate and harmed by the consequences of current legal uncertainty. Unclear abortion laws compromise: the quality of prenatal testing; management when an abnormality is ...
Majlessi F - - 2008
A high proportion of maternal deaths are caused by abortion, especially induced abortion. This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of illegally-induced abortion prior to admittance and its associated risk factors in 8 maternity hospitals in Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran, during 2003-04. In confidential interviews with 417 women who attended ...
Elshamy Maged - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the outcome of pregnancies complicated by Brucella infection. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: EL-Hasan National Hospital, El-Rawad Clinic, TAIF, SAUDI ARABIA (where the practical part of the study was accomplished) and Obstetrics & Gynecology Department, Mansoura University Hospital (where the theoretical part of the study ...
Ordinioha B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Most of the information on abortion in Nigeria are based on information from women hospitalized for abortion complications. However a lot of abortions, especially those carried out by medical doctors do not cause enough complications to register in hospital statistics. This study is to explore the profile of women ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2008
Genetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding the termination of pregnancy for three genetic diseases: thalassemia major, hemophilia, and Down's syndrome. A questionnaire was administered to selected physicians ...
Lindström Meta - - 2007
In order to gain knowledge about midwives' clinical and emotional experiences of working with termination of pregnancy (TOP) and their perception of women's motives for having an abortion questionnaires were mailed to a representative sample of Swedish midwives (n = 258), and 84% responded. Responses to 17 statements were studied ...
Font-Ribera Laia - - 2008
Pregnancy planning allows women to better control their life trajectory and contributes to the future child's health and development. Many studies that have analyzed socioeconomic inequalities in unintended pregnancy only took into account those pregnancies ending in births. Few of them that analyzed unintended pregnancy, including both induced abortion and ...
Zolghadri Jaleh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of an abnormal glucose tolerance test in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion and whether metformin would safely reduce the rate of first trimester spontaneous abortions in patients without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as with PCOS and an abnormal glucose tolerance test. DESIGN: Prospective ...
Heikinheimo Oskari - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various regimens of mifepristone and misoprostol are used in medical abortion. We examined the effect of a change in protocol from a fixed mifepristone-misoprostol interval to a flexible one on the efficacy and uptake of medical abortion. In addition, risk factors of incomplete abortions were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Altogether, ...
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