Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1647
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Guida M - - 2009
Embryofetoscopy is an endoscopic technique that enables direct visualization and morphologic study of embryos during the first trimester and allows a selective tissue sample to be obtained. We describe an early missed abortion in the first trimester, apparently without cause according to findings at ultrasound. Embryofetoscopy revealed a remarkable dorsal ...
Likwa Rosemary Ndonyo - - 2009
In Zambia, because safe, legal abortion is inaccessible to many women, an unknown number of women each year resort to illegal abortions, many of which are performed under unsanitary and unsafe conditions. The death toll from these procedures is likely high, and almost all such deaths could be avoided if ...
Bennett Ian M - - 2009
Clinical innovations have made it more feasible to incorporate early abortion into family medicine, yet the outcomes of early abortion procedures in this setting have not been well studied. We wished to assess the outcomes of first-trimester medication and aspiration abortion procedures by family physicians. Prospective observational cohort study conducted ...
Ekanem E I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion still contributes significantly to high maternal morbidity and mortality particularly in developing countries despite concerted efforts being made to reduce it. Our objective is to determine the incidence, mode presentation and complications of Unsafe abortion. METHOD: This prospective study was carried out by directly interviewing patients managed ...
Ishii Hiroshige - - 2009
To verify the hypothesis that even if breastfeeding is continued during pregnancy, there are no harmful effects on pregnancy. The outcomes of pregnancies in mothers who continued breastfeeding during pregnancy were studied. One hundred and ten pregnant women were recruited who had one full-term baby, no experience of premature birth ...
Bergauer Florian - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine retention of fetal bones is a rare complication of spontaneous miscarriages or termination of pregnancy. RESULTS: We present a case with fetal bone retention after a miscarriage that occurred after external assault in about the 20th week of gestation. CONCLUSIONS: Since the global mobility has rapidly increased, women ...
Ekstrand Maria - - 2009
CONTEXT: Swedish law permits abortion at the request of a pregnant woman until the 18th week of gestation. However, the extent to which the decision is truly the woman's own is subject to debate; women are often influenced, directly or indirectly, by the attitudes of their partners, family and friends ...
Chuni Neena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An estimated 30 million abortions are performed worldwide every year. Many women do not have access to abortion and die of complications after illegal abortions. Medical abortion could provide greater access to safe abortion services; availability of the procedure is, therefore, of global public health importance. AIM: The aim ...
Bélanger Danièle - - 2009
Because sex-selective abortions are generally conducted during the second term of the pregnancy, timing of abortion can be used as an indirect way of studying sex-selection by abortion. We examined the likelihood of having a first-trimester vs. second-trimester abortion among a group of 885 married women who had an abortion ...
Onah H E - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of private medical practitioners in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria, on abortion and post-abortion care. It was a cross-sectional study of private medical practitioners in the study area using self-administered structured questionnaires. The results showed that 32.3% of the ...
Moon Kimberly S - - 2009
In in vitro fertilization patients, treatment of spontaneous abortion with dilation and curettage (D&C) versus expectant management has no long-term effect on subsequent endometrial development, as measured by change in endometrial thickness. A transient reduction in endometrial thickness was found within the first 6 months after D&C, which is a ...
Kirkman Maggie - - 2009
The aim was to identify from empirical research that used quantitative or qualitative methods the reasons women give for having an abortion. A search was conducted of peer-reviewed, English language publications indexed in eight computerized databases with publication date 1996-2008, using keywords 'abortion' and 'reason' (Medline: 'induced abortion' OR 'termination ...
Tuladhar A S - - 2009
A prospective study was carried out from November 2006 - December 2008 in which a total of 304 patients with early pregnancy were examined by ultrasound (US). Of these, 203 (66.8%) cases were normal pregnancies (including 8 cases of twin pregnancy), 32 (10.5%) missed abortions, 19 (6.3%) incomplete abortions, 14 ...
Tristan Sigrid Bri - - 2009
First trimester surgical abortion is a very common, effective, and safe procedure. When a woman presents requesting pregnancy termination, counseling regarding pregnancy options and procedural risks, as well as a careful preoperative assessment are vital to a successful outcome. If a patient decides to undergo a surgical abortion, either an ...
Rahangdale Lisa - - 2009
Infectious complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality associated with pregnancy termination worldwide. However, in areas where abortion practices are legal, the risk of infection is very low. Proper technique, prophylaxis, and initial management of septic abortion have led to a significant decrease in risk of serious complications ...
Vargas Juan - - 2009
Second-trimester abortions are most commonly performed in the United States via dilation and evacuation; however, there are instances in which the use of systemic abortifacients is necessary. Lack of trained staff to perform late abortion procedures, fetal anomalies, and patient preference are important considerations when selecting the method of termination. ...
Gill J S - - 2009
Fertility is one of the potential benefits for women undergoing kidney transplantation; however, population-based information about the likelihood of pregnancy and successful fetal outcome is not available. In this observational study of 16 195 female kidney transplant recipients aged 15-45 years in the United States between 1990 and 2003, we ...
Kurdoglu Mertihan - - 2010
AIM: To review our experience with brucellosis in pregnancy and to characterize the risk factors, clinical presentations, the rates of possible perinatal complications, and the effect of hospitalization on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 21 pregnant women at a tertiary care hospital and 12 at a ...
Hu D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the comparative health and economic outcomes associated with three alternative first-trimester abortion techniques in Mexico City and to examine the policy implications of increasing access to safe abortion modalities within a restrictive setting. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis. SETTING: Mexico City. POPULATION: Reproductive-aged women with unintended pregnancy seeking first-trimester ...
Winther Jeanette Falck JF Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2009
To learn whether female cancer survivors are more likely to terminate a pregnancy by choice than other women, the occurrence of induced abortions was determined in a population-based cohort of 1688 childhood cancer survivors. Proportion ratios (PRs) were estimated from the ratio of the proportion of pregnancies that resulted in ...
Oriji Vaduneme K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion is the termination of pregnancy through a deliberate intervention intended to end the pregnancy. This practice is widespread in Nigeria despite the restrictive abortion laws in Nigeria. Many women still undergo induced abortion every year and endanger their health and lives as induced abortion can only be ...
Basu Jayati Kusari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Management of failed medical second-trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP) is a challenge with best therapy not determined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using retrospective record review of all women requesting medical TOP in the second trimester from January to June 2005. A comparative analysis was done to ...
Culić Vida - - 2009
The etiology of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is still unexplained. Many couples do not find the cause of their RSA at all. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the association between recurrent pregnancy loss and previous (cured prior to pregnancy) acute/chronic genitourinary infections in both parents. Couples (226) ...
Madden Tessa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of women who returned for a routine follow-up visit after elective abortion and to identify factors associated with repeat pregnancy in the subsequent year. METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study of 865 women who underwent first-trimester surgical abortion at a hospital-based family planning clinic ...
Collier Jacqueline J School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK. - - 2009
It is difficult to fully ascertain the number of teenagers in the United Kingdom who have more than one pregnancy before the age of 20 years. The national abortion figures represent one of the few ways one can investigate on a national scale whether there is an increase in the ...
Adeleke, NA; ;
Context: Induced abortion remains a major cause of maternal mortality in developing countries. Reports from Nigeria put it's contribution to maternal death at between 15-40%. Prevention of maternal mortality project (Which trys to eliminate hospital delay in the treatment of complication of induced abortion) was introduced in Ilorin over a ...
Fard-Esfahani Armaghan - - 2009
Radioiodine ((131)I) has been widely used in the treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Since radiation can carry a known risk of mutagenic abnormalities, we decided to study the outcome of pregnancy in females with DTC and evaluate the genetic risks and health status of their offspring. We retrospectively studied ...
Kigbu J H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unsafe Abortion assumes one of the lead causes of maternal deaths so long as contraceptive services remain low or unavailable and abortion laws remain restrictive. This study seeks to highlight abortion mortality, the practice of contraception amongst these women and complications arising from unsafe abortion. METHOD: This is a ...
Somalanka Subash - - 2009
Pregnancy in women with lupus nephritis is associated with increased risk of fetal and maternal complications. The risk of poor outcome is higher if there are signs of disease activity at conception. The presence of hypertension and anti-phospholipid antibodies worsens the prognosis. There are very few therapeutic options in view ...
Al-Hashem Hashem - - 2009
The incidence of gallstones during pregnancy is estimated to be between 3% and 12%. About one-third of pregnant patients with cholelithiasis become symptomatic and may require surgical intervention. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy although infrequent usually requires therapeutic intervention. Abdominal ultrasonography is insensitive for the detection of common bile duct stones. Magnetic ...
Halldén Britt-Marie - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the study was to illuminate meanings of having had an induced abortion among young Swedish women. METHODS: Narrative interviews were conducted with ten 18-20-year-old women 2-6 weeks after a medical or surgical abortion in the sixth to twelfth week of pregnancy. Data were analysed according to ...
Arif Muhammad Osman - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Perception and attitude regarding prenatal screening and induced abortion vary across different populations. This study assesses the attitudes and perceptions regarding prenatal screening and induced abortion among Pakistani adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among adults (18+) coming to the Aga Khan University Hospital, a private tertiary care ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of studies have suggested that maternal exposure to post-tricyclic antidepressants during pregnancy might be associated with an increased risk of poor birth, obstetrical, and neonatal outcomes. Among these complications, the occurrence of spontaneous abortions represents one of the most dramatic events for the pregnant woman. METHODS: ...
Biddlecom Ann - - 2008
Though pregnancy termination is highly restricted in Kenya, induced abortion remains common. Illegal abortion is often unsafe, putting women at risk of death or severe complications. In eastern Africa as a whole, an estimated 14% of all pregnancies end in abortion, and nearly one in five maternal deaths are due ...
Kamilova N - - 2008
Miscarrying of pregnancy remains a major problem in obstetrics and gynecology. Inflammatory disease is known to affect reproductive function. To identify the role of the urogenital infection in the genesis of miscarriage, 58 women with complicated obstetrical anamnesis are examined. It is found that the persisting sexually transmitted urogenital infection ...
van Emmerik Arnold A P - - 2008
This study investigated short-term re-experiencing and avoidance after elective surgical abortion. In addition, it was prospectively investigated whether peritraumatic dissociation and pre-abortion dissociative tendencies and alexithymia predict re-experiencing and avoidance. In a prospective observational design, Dutch-speaking women presenting for first trimester elective surgical abortion completed self-report measures for dissociative tendency ...
O'Connell Katharine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this analysis was to assess the second-trimester surgical abortion practices of National Abortion Federation (NAF) members in North America and Australia. STUDY DESIGN: In 2002, questionnaires were mailed to 364 active member clinics of NAF for completion by their clinic administrators and individual providers. RESULTS: Two ...
Sedgh Gilda - - 2008
Each year in Indonesia, millions of women become pregnant unintentionally, and many choose to end their pregnancies, despite the fact that abortion is generally illegal. Like their counterparts in many developing countries where abortion is stigmatized and highly restricted, Indonesian women often seek clandestine procedures performed by untrained providers, and ...
Sato Tomoko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetomaternal microchimerism in women with induced abortion or spontaneous pregnancy loss. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 76 healthy women who underwent dilation and curettage in the first trimester but had never had an abortion or male delivery before. Samples were collected at three time points: ...
Cheng Yimin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for integrating postabortion care with family planning services in China. METHOD: We collected data from a clinic-based study of 24 abortion clinics in 3 large cities in China. RESULTS: There was a total of 287 (10.3%) high-risk abortions among the 2780 respondents, 974 (35%) of ...
Garrisi John G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) would decrease spontaneous abortion rates in patients with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). DESIGN: Controlled clinical study. SETTING: IVF center and PGD reference laboratory. PATIENT(S): Patients with RPL with no known etiology. INTERVENTION(S): Preimplantation genetic diagnosis by fluorescence in situ hybridization analyzing ...
Yu Gary - - 2008
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) acts via tlr4 to promote Th1 cytokine secretion and abortions. LPS is an essential co-factor in spontaneous abortion in the CBA x DBA/2 model and in stress-triggered abortions. In the CBA x DBA/2 model, C3a, C5a, and fgl2 prothrombinase participate in triggering inflammation that terminates embryo viability. As ...
Fanslow Janet - - 2008
AIM: This study aims to describe pregnancy outcomes for a population-based sample of New Zealand women, and to explore the relationship between lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) and two non-birth pregnancy outcomes: spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) and termination of pregnancy (abortion). METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a random ...
Dubinsky Valeria - - 2008
PROBLEM: Regulatory factors seem to be essential to achieve transition from implantation window to placental vascularization. A novel function of interleukin (IL)-6 in the promotion of Th2 differentiation and inhibition of Th1 polarization has been demonstrated. Considering that Th2 response promotes antibody synthesis, we postulate that IL-6 could be modulating ...
Cook Rebecca J - - 2008
About a third of anencephalic fetuses are born alive, but they are not conscious or viable, and soon die. This neural tube defect can be limited by dietary consumption of foliates, and detected prenatally by ultrasound and other means. Many laws permit abortion, on this indication or on the effects ...
Igberase G O - - 2008
Unsafe abortion remains a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries including Nigeria. We report a 10-year descriptive review of 118 consecutive cases of complicated induced abortions. At our centre, complications of induced abortion constituted 2.3% of maternal admissions, 5.6% of gynaecological admissions and 22.6% of maternal ...
Meister Reinhard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion rates are of general interest when investigating pregnancy outcome. In most studies observations are left truncated as pregnant women enter with a delay of several weeks after conception. Apart from spontaneous abortion pregnancy may end in induced abortion or live birth. These outcomes are considered as competing ...
Hashiloni-Dolev Yael - - 2008
This paper reports findings from a comparative study of Israeli and German genetic counsellors' perceptions of the moral standing of the fetus. Data collected through in-depth interviews with counsellors in both countries (N=32) are presented, and their moral practices are analysed. The paper's findings suggest that while German counsellors perceive ...
Schlafer D H - - 2008
Knowledge of the causes of canine or feline pregnancy loss is limited and the success rate for making a definitive diagnosis is disappointingly low. Although these facts are discouraging, there are some things that can be done to improve success rates. This paper will address limitations and explore ways for ...
Arnold Christina A - - 2008
Historically, untreated disseminated coccidioidomycosis during pregnancy was thought to be associated with 100% maternal fatality and 50% fetal mortality and was the leading cause of maternal deaths in areas of endemicity. As recently as 1995, therapeutic abortions and early deliveries were advocated in certain contexts. This report describes an unrecognized ...
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