Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1671
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Culwell Kelly R - - 2010
Unsafe abortion accounts for a significant proportion of maternal deaths, yet it is often forgotten in discussions around reducing maternal mortality. Prevention of unsafe abortion starts with prevention of unwanted pregnancies, most effectively through contraception. When unwanted pregnancies occur, provision of safe, legal abortion services can further prevent unsafe abortions. ...
Hamoda Haitham - - 2010
Medical abortion has been shown to be an effective alternative to surgery for termination of pregnancy in the late as well as the early first trimester of pregnancy. This review discusses the development, application and the current issues with medical and surgical abortion in the first trimester. Studies comparing the ...
Dahlbäck Elisabeth - - 2010
An estimated 60% of all adolescent pregnancies in low-income countries are unintended. The present study was carried out at the university hospital in Lusaka, Zambia over a four-month period in 2005. The aim was to explore experiences of pregnancy loss and to ascertain the girl's contraceptive knowledge and use and ...
Osmanağaoğlu M A - - 2010
This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of serum levels of free beta-hCG, progesterone, CA125 and their combined use in the prediction of first trimester abortions. A total of 140 singleton pregnant women between 5 and 13 weeks' gestational age were included as Group I (n = 21) who ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2010
Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases that can be encountered during pregnancy. We present two pregnant women with brucellosis. One of them delivered normally and the other patient had an abortion. We reviewed the literature regarding the clinical course of brucellosis in pregnant women. Brucellosis during pregnancy ...
Diedrich Justin - - 2010
For decades, the induction of fetal demise has been used before both surgical and medical second-trimester abortion. Intracardiac potassium chloride and intrafetal or intra-amniotic digoxin injections are the pharmacologic agents used most often to induce fetal demise. In the last several years, induction of fetal demise has become more common ...
Wu Jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed during incomplete burning of fossil fuels, wood, and tobacco products. High PAH exposure has been associated with low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm birth, but little is known about its impact on adverse outcomes in early pregnancy such as in-utero fetal ...
Singh Susheela - - 2010
CONTEXT: Unsafe abortion is an important health problem in Ethiopia; however, no national quantitative study of abortion incidence exists. In 2005, the penal code was revised to broaden the indications under which induced abortion is legal. It is important to measure the incidence of legal and illegal induced abortion after ...
Orioli I?da M - - 2010
The wide variation in cerebral and facial phenotypes and the recognized etiologic heterogeneity of holoprosencephaly (HPE) contribute to the observed inter-study heterogeneity. High lethality during the early stages of embryonic and fetal development makes HPE detection age dependent. By reviewing 21 HPE epidemiologic articles, the observed prevalence rate differences can ...
Woodcock Scott - - 2011
An obstacle to abortion exists in the form of abortion 'counselling' that discourages women from terminating their pregnancies. This counselling involves providing information about the procedure that tends to create feelings of guilt, anxiety and strong emotional reactions to the recognizable form of a human fetus. Instances of such counselling ...
Hamama-Raz Yaira - - 2010
In this study we examined the meaning of abortion in the religious Jewish sector on both the individual and the couple levels. In a qualitative, descriptive, interpretive-narrative study, semistructured interviews were conducted with five religious couples. Both members of each couple were interviewed separately. The findings show that although both ...
Ben-Chetrit Eli - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in women with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) who are taking colchicine, and to reconsider the justification for amniocentesis in these women. METHODS: The outcome of 179 pregnancies in a group of women with FMF taking colchicine was compared with the outcome of 197 ...
Clark Wesley - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of women and their providers to assess abortion outcome without the routine use of ultrasonography. METHODS: This multicenter trial enrolled 4,484 women seeking medical abortion at 10 clinics in the United States. Women received the standard medical abortion care with mifepristone-misoprostol in those clinics and ...
Gissler Mika - - 2010
Some, though not all studies have reported an increased risk for mental health problems after an induced abortion. Problems with design and data have compromised these studies and the generalisation of their results. The Finnish Medication and Pregnancy database (N = 622 671 births and 114 518 induced abortions for ...
Ozer Ozlem O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, - - 2010
The aim of the study was to improve nuchal translucency (NT) and serum marker Down syndrome (Tri21) screening methods by including fetal ductus venosus (DV) Doppler measurements. A total of 213 pregnant women were screened consecutively by combining maternal age, fetal NT and maternal serum pregnancy associated plasma protein A ...
Gedikbaşı Ali A İstanbul Bakırköy Maternity and Children Diseases Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Perinatology Unit, İstanbul, - - 2010
To assess the indications and distribution of cases chosen for termination of pregnancy and reasons delaying until third trimester termination. Retrospective study of cases between 2002 and 2006 in the hospital council. Cases were divided in two groups, as early termination (<23 weeks of gestation) and late termination (≥23 weeks ...
Zeqiri Fehmi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is categorized as threatened, inevitable, incomplete, complete, or missed. Abortion can be further categorized as sporadic or recurrent. By definition, a missed abortion is an in utero death of the embryo or fetus before the 20th week of gestation with retained conception products. Missed abortions may also ...
Awonuga Awoniyi O - - 2010
To estimate whether hysteroscopic-guided biopsy of gestational sac(s) in first trimester missed abortion increases the sensitivity of detecting aneuploidy compared to washing and careful specimen collection after suction dilatation and curettage (D&C). Thirty-five patients with first trimester missed abortion of which 25 underwent 29 suction D&Cs and 10 underwent hysteroscopic-guided ...
Aisemberg Julieta - - 2010
Even though the understanding of the cause of early pregnancy loss due to chromosomal abnormalities has improved, there is a dearth of knowledge of the causes of loss in euploid conceptuses. Maternal infections are a cause of abort in humans, but the mechanisms are not clear, so we have developed ...
Kumar Vanita - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Residency Review Committee requires that family medicine residents learn options counseling for women with unintended pregnancies. This qualitative study identifies important domains for future formal evaluations of pregnancy options counseling by exploring the relevant benefits reported by residents who underwent routine abortion training. To our knowledge, ...
Omo-Aghoja L O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions and beliefs relating to unwanted pregnancy, family planning and abortion, and identify issues that can be leveraged to initiate positive attitudes towards family planning and abortion in the area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted in Amukpe, Delta ...
G?mez Olga - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to explore the effect of gestational age (GA) on the induction-to-abortion interval of mifepristone-misoprostol midtrimester termination of pregnancy (TOP) regimen. STUDY DESIGN: This study involved a consecutive series of 270 pregnancies between 12.0 and 22.6 weeks that have undergone legal TOP from April 2006 to ...
Boden Joseph M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the associations between the experience of sexual abuse in childhood (CSA) and the number of abortions in adolescence and early adulthood. METHOD: A 25-year prospective longitudinal study of the health, development, and adjustment of a birth cohort of 1,265 New Zealand children (630 females). Measures ...
Likwa Rosemary Ndonyo - - 2009
In Zambia, because safe, legal abortion is inaccessible to many women, an unknown number of women each year resort to illegal abortions, many of which are performed under unsanitary and unsafe conditions. The death toll from these procedures is likely high, and almost all such deaths could be avoided if ...
Guida M - - 2009
Embryofetoscopy is an endoscopic technique that enables direct visualization and morphologic study of embryos during the first trimester and allows a selective tissue sample to be obtained. We describe an early missed abortion in the first trimester, apparently without cause according to findings at ultrasound. Embryofetoscopy revealed a remarkable dorsal ...
Bennett Ian M - - 2009
Clinical innovations have made it more feasible to incorporate early abortion into family medicine, yet the outcomes of early abortion procedures in this setting have not been well studied. We wished to assess the outcomes of first-trimester medication and aspiration abortion procedures by family physicians. Prospective observational cohort study conducted ...
Ekanem E I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion still contributes significantly to high maternal morbidity and mortality particularly in developing countries despite concerted efforts being made to reduce it. Our objective is to determine the incidence, mode presentation and complications of Unsafe abortion. METHOD: This prospective study was carried out by directly interviewing patients managed ...
Ishii Hiroshige - - 2009
To verify the hypothesis that even if breastfeeding is continued during pregnancy, there are no harmful effects on pregnancy. The outcomes of pregnancies in mothers who continued breastfeeding during pregnancy were studied. One hundred and ten pregnant women were recruited who had one full-term baby, no experience of premature birth ...
Bergauer Florian - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine retention of fetal bones is a rare complication of spontaneous miscarriages or termination of pregnancy. RESULTS: We present a case with fetal bone retention after a miscarriage that occurred after external assault in about the 20th week of gestation. CONCLUSIONS: Since the global mobility has rapidly increased, women ...
Ekstrand Maria - - 2009
CONTEXT: Swedish law permits abortion at the request of a pregnant woman until the 18th week of gestation. However, the extent to which the decision is truly the woman's own is subject to debate; women are often influenced, directly or indirectly, by the attitudes of their partners, family and friends ...
Onah H E - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of private medical practitioners in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria, on abortion and post-abortion care. It was a cross-sectional study of private medical practitioners in the study area using self-administered structured questionnaires. The results showed that 32.3% of the ...
Chuni Neena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An estimated 30 million abortions are performed worldwide every year. Many women do not have access to abortion and die of complications after illegal abortions. Medical abortion could provide greater access to safe abortion services; availability of the procedure is, therefore, of global public health importance. AIM: The aim ...
Bélanger Danièle - - 2009
Because sex-selective abortions are generally conducted during the second term of the pregnancy, timing of abortion can be used as an indirect way of studying sex-selection by abortion. We examined the likelihood of having a first-trimester vs. second-trimester abortion among a group of 885 married women who had an abortion ...
Moon Kimberly S - - 2009
In in vitro fertilization patients, treatment of spontaneous abortion with dilation and curettage (D&C) versus expectant management has no long-term effect on subsequent endometrial development, as measured by change in endometrial thickness. A transient reduction in endometrial thickness was found within the first 6 months after D&C, which is a ...
Kirkman Maggie - - 2009
The aim was to identify from empirical research that used quantitative or qualitative methods the reasons women give for having an abortion. A search was conducted of peer-reviewed, English language publications indexed in eight computerized databases with publication date 1996-2008, using keywords 'abortion' and 'reason' (Medline: 'induced abortion' OR 'termination ...
Tristan Sigrid Bri - - 2009
First trimester surgical abortion is a very common, effective, and safe procedure. When a woman presents requesting pregnancy termination, counseling regarding pregnancy options and procedural risks, as well as a careful preoperative assessment are vital to a successful outcome. If a patient decides to undergo a surgical abortion, either an ...
Vargas Juan - - 2009
Second-trimester abortions are most commonly performed in the United States via dilation and evacuation; however, there are instances in which the use of systemic abortifacients is necessary. Lack of trained staff to perform late abortion procedures, fetal anomalies, and patient preference are important considerations when selecting the method of termination. ...
Tuladhar A S - - 2009
A prospective study was carried out from November 2006 - December 2008 in which a total of 304 patients with early pregnancy were examined by ultrasound (US). Of these, 203 (66.8%) cases were normal pregnancies (including 8 cases of twin pregnancy), 32 (10.5%) missed abortions, 19 (6.3%) incomplete abortions, 14 ...
Rahangdale Lisa - - 2009
Infectious complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality associated with pregnancy termination worldwide. However, in areas where abortion practices are legal, the risk of infection is very low. Proper technique, prophylaxis, and initial management of septic abortion have led to a significant decrease in risk of serious complications ...
Gill J S - - 2009
Fertility is one of the potential benefits for women undergoing kidney transplantation; however, population-based information about the likelihood of pregnancy and successful fetal outcome is not available. In this observational study of 16 195 female kidney transplant recipients aged 15-45 years in the United States between 1990 and 2003, we ...
Kurdoglu Mertihan - - 2010
AIM: To review our experience with brucellosis in pregnancy and to characterize the risk factors, clinical presentations, the rates of possible perinatal complications, and the effect of hospitalization on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 21 pregnant women at a tertiary care hospital and 12 at a ...
Hu D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the comparative health and economic outcomes associated with three alternative first-trimester abortion techniques in Mexico City and to examine the policy implications of increasing access to safe abortion modalities within a restrictive setting. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis. SETTING: Mexico City. POPULATION: Reproductive-aged women with unintended pregnancy seeking first-trimester ...
Winther Jeanette Falck JF Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2009
To learn whether female cancer survivors are more likely to terminate a pregnancy by choice than other women, the occurrence of induced abortions was determined in a population-based cohort of 1688 childhood cancer survivors. Proportion ratios (PRs) were estimated from the ratio of the proportion of pregnancies that resulted in ...
Oriji Vaduneme K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion is the termination of pregnancy through a deliberate intervention intended to end the pregnancy. This practice is widespread in Nigeria despite the restrictive abortion laws in Nigeria. Many women still undergo induced abortion every year and endanger their health and lives as induced abortion can only be ...
Basu Jayati Kusari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Management of failed medical second-trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP) is a challenge with best therapy not determined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using retrospective record review of all women requesting medical TOP in the second trimester from January to June 2005. A comparative analysis was done to ...
Culić Vida - - 2009
The etiology of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is still unexplained. Many couples do not find the cause of their RSA at all. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the association between recurrent pregnancy loss and previous (cured prior to pregnancy) acute/chronic genitourinary infections in both parents. Couples (226) ...
Madden Tessa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of women who returned for a routine follow-up visit after elective abortion and to identify factors associated with repeat pregnancy in the subsequent year. METHODS: We performed a historical cohort study of 865 women who underwent first-trimester surgical abortion at a hospital-based family planning clinic ...
Collier Jacqueline J School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK. - - 2009
It is difficult to fully ascertain the number of teenagers in the United Kingdom who have more than one pregnancy before the age of 20 years. The national abortion figures represent one of the few ways one can investigate on a national scale whether there is an increase in the ...
Adeleke, NA; ;
Context: Induced abortion remains a major cause of maternal mortality in developing countries. Reports from Nigeria put it's contribution to maternal death at between 15-40%. Prevention of maternal mortality project (Which trys to eliminate hospital delay in the treatment of complication of induced abortion) was introduced in Ilorin over a ...
Al-Hashem Hashem - - 2009
The incidence of gallstones during pregnancy is estimated to be between 3% and 12%. About one-third of pregnant patients with cholelithiasis become symptomatic and may require surgical intervention. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy although infrequent usually requires therapeutic intervention. Abdominal ultrasonography is insensitive for the detection of common bile duct stones. Magnetic ...
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