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Rodríguez-García Cristina - - 2011
  Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a congenital defect consisting of a circumscribed absence of skin that usually involves the scalp. The etiology is uncertain, and several teratogenic agents such as methimazole have been involved. We report two cases of ACC and other anomalies in newborns exposed to methimazole during ...
Craigo Sabrina D - - 2011
Between 2% and 3% of pregnancies are complicated by fetal anomalies. For most anomalies, there is no advantage to late preterm or early-term delivery. The risks of maternal or fetal complication are specific for each anomaly. Very few anomalies pose potential maternal risk. Some anomalies carry ongoing risks to the ...
Fernández Nicolás - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between prenatal multivitamin supplementation and congenital genitourinary tract anomalies in a group of Colombian newborn babies included in the Latin-American surveillance program (ECLAMC). STUDY DESIGN: We included all neonates born between January 2004 and August 2007 registered in the ECLAMC database. Maternal prenatal multivitamin use ...
Kozenko Mariya - - 2011
We report on a case of a multiple congenital anomalies in a newborn infant whose mother was on allopurinol treatment through the pregnancy. The pattern of congenital anomalies that was noted in our patient was similar to the pattern described in a number of published reports following mycophenolate mofetil [CellCept®] ...
Moslin Trisha A - - 2011
Little is known about women's contraceptive use and sexual activity in the immediate post-abortion period although effective contraceptive use is paramount during this time because fertility returns almost immediately. This study sought to learn more about women's contraceptive use and sexual behaviors to inform abortion providers and help them serve ...
Hua Meiling - - 2011
We sought to estimate whether the presence of a maternal uterine anomaly is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This retrospective cohort study included singleton pregnancies undergoing routine anatomic survey from 1990 through 2008 at a major tertiary care medical center. Pregnancies with a diagnosis of uterine anomaly (uterine septum, unicornuate ...
Grijseels E W M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of fetuses with oligohydramnios due to kidney anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of all pregnancies diagnosed with oligohydramnios and associated kidney anomalies during the period 2000-2008. Outcome included pregnancy outcome, mortality, and morbidity. Morbidity included renal function based on the glomerular filtration rate ...
Piotrowski Krzysztof - - 2011
Hereby we present a case of a pregnancy in which careful dysmorphology of the fetus in subsequent sonographic evaluation resulted in detection of a very rare anomaly. It allowed explanation of the fetal phenotype, compared then with that of the newborn and estimation of genetic risk for the next pregnancies ...
Crijns Hubertina J M J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the distribution of congenital anomalies within the VACTERL association (vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac, tracheoesophageal, renal, and limb abnormalities) between patients exposed to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) antagonist and the general population. METHODS: Analysis for comparison of proportional differences to a previous publication between anomaly subgroups, according ...
Kerns Jennifer L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Most women diagnosed with a fetal anomaly terminate the pregnancy. Little is known about utilization of two procedures: dilation and evacuation (D&E) and induction termination. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included all women seen at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Prenatal Diagnosis Center (PDC) who underwent ...
Hui Lisa - - 2011
Fetal therapy can be defined as any prenatal treatment administered to the mother with the primary indication to improve perinatal or long-term outcomes for the fetus or newborn. This review provides an update of the pharmacological therapies that are solely directed at the fetus with anomalies and outlines a future ...
Wool Charlotte - - 2011
Advancing technology has made detecting fetal abnormalities in the first and second trimesters a reality. Few families are prepared for the difficult decisions that must be made if their unborn children are diagnosed with a life-limiting condition. Expectant parents are compelled to make decisions on the basis of limited options. ...
Choi Kang Kook - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during pregnancy is a very rare condition and is believed to have a worse prognosis than HCC in non-pregnant women. We evaluated the prognosis and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for HCC in pregnant women. We retrospectively analyzed 4 cases in our hospital and 44 cases described ...
Cowchock F Susan - - 2011
The spiritual needs of couples (9 mothers and 5 fathers) who were planning to terminate wanted second trimester pregnancies because of serious fetal anomalies were surveyed. Their greatest needs were for a "guidance from a higher power" and for "someone to pray for them." Unlike other reported groups of patients, ...
Yogeswaran Kumaresan - - 2011
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) affects 350 million individuals worldwide. Perinatal transmission leads to high rates of chronic infection and complications, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is important to recognize and appropriately treat CHB in pregnancy, thereby reducing the risk of neonatal transmission and HBV-associated morbidity and mortality. Screening for ...
Junovich Gisela - - 2011
Considering the potential adverse effects of anticoagulation in abortion treatment, we investigate whether antioxidants might exert the same immunoprotection. Although the fertility properties of Vitamin E have been associated with its antioxidant capacity, its effect on cytokine balance during pregnancy is still unknown. Pregnant females from CBA/J × DBA/2 abortion ...
Bowman Pamela - - 2011
The concept of a carbimazole embryopathy underlies current Endocrine Society advice to avoid this drug in early pregnancy, favouring propylthiouracil as an alternative for the treatment of maternal hyperthyroidism. We aimed to establish whether suspected spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions in the UK via the Yellow Card Scheme supports ...
Gheorman Lavinia - - 2011
We report and analyze a case of pregnancy associated with pre-existent diabetes mellitus and fetal congenital anomalies involving neural tube defect (NTD) and congenital heart defect (CHD). We discuss the early antenatal management of such high-risk pregnancies. The clinical course, maternal paraclinic profile and morpho-sonographic investigation of the fetus are ...
Loncar D D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Center and Clinic, Kragujevac, Serbia. - - 2011
Ultrasonographic diagnostics is a sovereign diagnostic method of discovering disorders in growth and development of embryo. The main aim of this research was The Comparison of Ultrasonographic Placenta Examination with Pathohistologic Treatment of Placenta considering those pregnancies, which were previously verified to have embryo anomalies, and which were ended by ...
Smith Lucy K LK Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, UK. - - 2011
To investigate socioeconomic inequalities in outcome of pregnancy and neonatal mortality associated with congenital anomalies. Retrospective population based registry study. East Midlands and South Yorkshire regions of England (representing about 10% of births in England and Wales). All registered cases of nine selected congenital anomalies with poor prognostic outcome audited ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of history of abortion on the next pregnancy outcomes associated with preeclampsia. This investigation involved 5206 nulliparous Japanese women with singleton pregnancies who delivered after 22 weeks of gestation. The patients were divided into two groups: those with a ...
Liao Hua - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of repeated first trimester mifepristone-induced medical abortions on the risk of preterm birth in a subsequent pregnancy. This is a pregnancy-based cohort study. Clinical data were collected from seven public hospitals in Chengdu, China from January 2006 to December 2009. ...
Miah M T - - 2010
Kala azar (KA) is one of the most important tropical diseases. More so is the issue of KA in pregnancy. In this retrospective study we tried to find out the out come of pregnant patient treated with Sodium Antimony Gluconate (SAG) for KA in one of the most endemic area ...
Pereira Christiane Curi - - 2010
Pregnancy failure is a common event and often of unknown cause. Some viruses are thought to cause abortions including the adeno-associated viruses (AAV), viruses which are regarded as being without any definitive association to any human disease. This study investigated AAV infection in 81 human abortions, both spontaneous and intentional ...
Li Yong-hong - - 2010
To explore the relationship between the colonization of group B streptococci(GBS),mycoplasma,and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)infections and spontaneous abortion due to early embryonic death. Totally 74 patients (study group) who experienced the missed abortion during their first or second trimester and 62 women (control group) who underwent induced termination of normal pregnancy ...
Jones Rachel K - - 2011
This study measures the extent to which women who access clinical abortion services in the United States report having ever used misoprostol or other substances to self-induce. A random sample of 107 US abortion providers was asked to distribute questionnaires to abortion patients. Information was gathered from 9493 patients at ...
Elul Batya - - 2011
In the developing world, little is known about the risk and precipitating factors for abortion, due to a dearth of community-based surveys. Most analyses of determinants of induced abortion consider only a small set of household and individual socio-demographic factors and treat abortion as an isolated outcome, which ignores its ...
Odeh Marwan - - 2010
To compare gestational sac (GS) volume (GSV) between normal pregnancies and missed abortions and anembryonic pregnancies and to determine at what gestational age differences in GS volume become evident. METHODS.: GSV in missed abortion and anembryonic pregnancy were measured using three-dimensional ultrasound and the results were compared with GSV in ...
Entrican Gary - - 2010
Successful mammalian pregnancy involves complex immunological interactions between the mother and foetus that are not yet fully understood. A number of immunological paradigms have been established to explain the failure of the maternal immune system to reject the semi-allogeneic foetus, mainly based on studies in mice and humans. However, as ...
Nguyen Helen Kim Hong - - 2010
Pre-abortion counselling has a role in promoting safe sex practices and in preventing repeated unplanned pregnancies and repeated abortions among abortion-seeking women. Such counselling is essential in Vietnam, especially given the common use of abortion. Arguably, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, the delivery of pre-abortion counselling is more urgent ...
Koster Winny - - 2010
Involuntary infertility and induced abortion exist on opposite sides of the spectrum: the first being the unwanted loss of childbearing potential while the second is the intentional termination of pregnancy. However, this paper proposes that these two poles of pregnancy loss are in fact related in Yoruba society, Nigeria. This ...
Serbanescu Florina - - 2010
The abortion rate in the republic of Georgia is the highest documented in the world. Analyses using reliable data are needed to inform programs for preventing unintended pregnancy and abortion. Data from two large national household surveys conducted in 1999 and 2005 were used to assess the relationship between contraceptive ...
Kalyanwala Shveta - - 2010
Little is known about the experiences of unmarried young women in India who seek to terminate an unintended pregnancy. A survey was conducted among 549 unmarried women aged 15-24 who had obtained an abortion in 2007-2008 at one of 16 clinics run by the nongovernmental organization Janani in the states ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2010
Two cases of non-psychotic denied pregnancy are presented and discussed. Following obstetric expertise, the forensic-criminal evaluation should investigate the reported crimes of denied pregnancy associated infanticide or criminal abortion as well as the potential involvement of other persons in these crimes. All this would require close collaboration between obstetricians, psychiatrists ...
Mirembe Florence - - 2010
This article describes the goals and activities included in the national plans of action for the prevention of unsafe abortion. With broad variability, all were in line with the initiative's purpose of contributing to reduce the number of women who have unplanned pregnancies and induced abortions, as well as the ...
Culwell Kelly R - - 2010
Unsafe abortion accounts for a significant proportion of maternal deaths, yet it is often forgotten in discussions around reducing maternal mortality. Prevention of unsafe abortion starts with prevention of unwanted pregnancies, most effectively through contraception. When unwanted pregnancies occur, provision of safe, legal abortion services can further prevent unsafe abortions. ...
Hamoda Haitham - - 2010
Medical abortion has been shown to be an effective alternative to surgery for termination of pregnancy in the late as well as the early first trimester of pregnancy. This review discusses the development, application and the current issues with medical and surgical abortion in the first trimester. Studies comparing the ...
Dahlbäck Elisabeth - - 2010
An estimated 60% of all adolescent pregnancies in low-income countries are unintended. The present study was carried out at the university hospital in Lusaka, Zambia over a four-month period in 2005. The aim was to explore experiences of pregnancy loss and to ascertain the girl's contraceptive knowledge and use and ...
Karcaaltincaba Deniz - - 2010
Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases that can be encountered during pregnancy. We present two pregnant women with brucellosis. One of them delivered normally and the other patient had an abortion. We reviewed the literature regarding the clinical course of brucellosis in pregnant women. Brucellosis during pregnancy ...
Osmana─čao─člu M A - - 2010
This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of serum levels of free beta-hCG, progesterone, CA125 and their combined use in the prediction of first trimester abortions. A total of 140 singleton pregnant women between 5 and 13 weeks' gestational age were included as Group I (n = 21) who ...
Diedrich Justin - - 2010
For decades, the induction of fetal demise has been used before both surgical and medical second-trimester abortion. Intracardiac potassium chloride and intrafetal or intra-amniotic digoxin injections are the pharmacologic agents used most often to induce fetal demise. In the last several years, induction of fetal demise has become more common ...
Wu Jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed during incomplete burning of fossil fuels, wood, and tobacco products. High PAH exposure has been associated with low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, and preterm birth, but little is known about its impact on adverse outcomes in early pregnancy such as in-utero fetal ...
Singh Susheela - - 2010
CONTEXT: Unsafe abortion is an important health problem in Ethiopia; however, no national quantitative study of abortion incidence exists. In 2005, the penal code was revised to broaden the indications under which induced abortion is legal. It is important to measure the incidence of legal and illegal induced abortion after ...
Orioli I?da M - - 2010
The wide variation in cerebral and facial phenotypes and the recognized etiologic heterogeneity of holoprosencephaly (HPE) contribute to the observed inter-study heterogeneity. High lethality during the early stages of embryonic and fetal development makes HPE detection age dependent. By reviewing 21 HPE epidemiologic articles, the observed prevalence rate differences can ...
Woodcock Scott - - 2011
An obstacle to abortion exists in the form of abortion 'counselling' that discourages women from terminating their pregnancies. This counselling involves providing information about the procedure that tends to create feelings of guilt, anxiety and strong emotional reactions to the recognizable form of a human fetus. Instances of such counselling ...
Ben-Chetrit Eli - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in women with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) who are taking colchicine, and to reconsider the justification for amniocentesis in these women. METHODS: The outcome of 179 pregnancies in a group of women with FMF taking colchicine was compared with the outcome of 197 ...
Hamama-Raz Yaira - - 2010
In this study we examined the meaning of abortion in the religious Jewish sector on both the individual and the couple levels. In a qualitative, descriptive, interpretive-narrative study, semistructured interviews were conducted with five religious couples. Both members of each couple were interviewed separately. The findings show that although both ...
Clark Wesley - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of women and their providers to assess abortion outcome without the routine use of ultrasonography. METHODS: This multicenter trial enrolled 4,484 women seeking medical abortion at 10 clinics in the United States. Women received the standard medical abortion care with mifepristone-misoprostol in those clinics and ...
Zeqiri Fehmi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is categorized as threatened, inevitable, incomplete, complete, or missed. Abortion can be further categorized as sporadic or recurrent. By definition, a missed abortion is an in utero death of the embryo or fetus before the 20th week of gestation with retained conception products. Missed abortions may also ...
Awonuga Awoniyi O - - 2010
To estimate whether hysteroscopic-guided biopsy of gestational sac(s) in first trimester missed abortion increases the sensitivity of detecting aneuploidy compared to washing and careful specimen collection after suction dilatation and curettage (D&C). Thirty-five patients with first trimester missed abortion of which 25 underwent 29 suction D&Cs and 10 underwent hysteroscopic-guided ...
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