Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1663
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Hjollund N H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fume from welding of stainless steel contains hexavalent chromium, which in animal studies can induce paternally mediated spontaneous abortion. Human studies have shown conflicting results. The best studies include early pregnancy experience, but these are expensive to conduct. In vitro fertilization (IVF) provides new design opportunities. Our aim was ...
Chun-Fai-Chan Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Bupropion was developed for the treatment of depression, but subsequently was found to be effective for smoking cessation. To date, there are no prospective comparative studies examining its safety in pregnancy. The primary objective was to determine whether bupropion increases the risks for major malformations above baseline. The secondary ...
Kutlar Irfan - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in the serum and placenta of patients with missed abortions, anembryonic pregnancies, and voluntary abortions. METHODS: Nine cases of anembryonic pregnancies and 21 cases of missed abortions (group I, n=30), and voluntary dilatation and curettage cases (group ...
Kennedy D - - 2005
NIX is a 1% permethrin creme rinse used for the treatment of head lice. There are no studies regarding human exposure during pregnancy. The primary objective of this study was to examine the safety of permethrin exposure during pregnancy. The secondary objective was to examine how teratogen information is perceived ...
King Donald P - - 2005
Epizootic bovine abortion (EBA) is endemic in California's coastal range and the foothill regions of the Sierra Nevada, where it has been the primary diagnosed cause of abortion in beef cattle for >50 years. Investigation of these losses has defined a specific fetal syndrome characterized by late-term abortion or birth ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between spontaneous consecutive recurrent abortions and pregnancy complications such as hypertensive disorders, abruptio placenta, intrauterine growth restriction and cesarean section (CS) in the subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies in women with and without ...
Hemminki Elina - - 2005
China has a national policy regulating the number of children that a woman is allowed to have. The central concept at the individual level application is "illegal pregnancy". The purpose of this article is to describe and problematicize the concept of illegal pregnancy and its use in practice. Original texts ...
Zenclussen Ana Claudia - - 2005
The allogeneic fetus has been considered to be an allograft and the tolerance mechanisms involved in pregnancy maintenance resemble those leading to graft acceptance. Up-regulation of Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) promotes graft acceptance. Additionally, HO-1 has been proposed to have tissue-protective properties. Previous studies reported the presence of HO-1 and HO-2 ...
Broen Anne Nordal - - 2005
Miscarriage and induced abortion are life events that can potentially cause mental distress. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the patterns of normalization of mental health scores after these two pregnancy termination events. Forty women who experienced miscarriages and 80 women who underwent ...
Oye-Adeniran Boniface A - - 2004
Unwanted pregnancy, and consequently unsafe abortion, remains major reproductive health problems in Nigeria that needs to be tackled. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information on this problem at the community level. This study therefore examined the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy in the community as well as associated factors including ...
Strauss Lilo T - - 2004
CDC began abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions. This report summarizes and describes data voluntarily reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States in 2001. For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data by ...
Faúndes Aníbal - - 2004
In Brazil, abortion is legally restricted but highly prevalent. The objective of this study was to obtain data on the opinions of obstetrician-gynaecologists regarding abortion and to verify whether there is consistency between their personal opinion with respect to abortion and their private decision when confronted personally with an unwanted ...
Dudzinski Denise M - - 2004
In this article, we discuss the ethical dilemma health care providers faced when Rebecca, a pregnant schizophrenic patient who lacked decision-making capacity, inconsistently requested elective pregnancy termination. When a patient's decision-making capacity is severely impaired, how does the physician balance obligations to protect the patient from harm (beneficence) while also ...
Ben-Chetrit Eldad - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of pregnancies of normal women married to men with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), some of whom took colchicine during the conception with their wives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We followed the outcome of pregnancies and deliveries of 60 wives of FMF patients; 53 of the husbands ...
Zhirova Irina Alekseevna - - 2004
This study examines characteristics and determinants of maternal mortality associated with induced and spontaneous abortion in the Russian Federation. In addition to national statistical data, the study uses the original medical files of 113 women, representing 74 percent of all women known to have died after undergoing an abortion in ...
López-Gatius F - - 2004
This report describes a retrospective study based on serological screening, performed on a Neospora-associated abortion episode over a 12-month period in a dairy herd in north-east Spain. During the 1-year study period, the overall abortion rate for the herd was 23.2% (38 abortions of 164 diagnosed pregnancies). The data analysed ...
De Crespigny Lachlan J - - 2004
Australian criminal law is a matter for states and territories. In relation to abortion, many laws are unclear and outdated, and are inconsistent between states and territories. Doctors practise under time constraints and on a case-by-case basis. Most current laws have grey areas that leave doctors vulnerable to accusations, negative ...
Van Rooyen, M; Senior ...
Background: Post-abortion syndrome (PAS) is said to be the emotional, psychological, physical and spiritual trauma caused by an abortion, which is an event outside the normal range of human experience. Post-abortion syndrome is a type of post-traumatic disorder and is characterised by a stressor (the abortion), the event being re-experienced, ...
López-Gatius F - - 2004
This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between Neospora caninum infection prior to pregnancy, as determined through maternal serology, and the subsequent occurrence of abortion in dairy cattle. Special emphasis was placed on pregnancy losses in the first trimester of pregnancy. Neospora caninum antibodies were analyzed by commercial ELISA ...
Dickinson Jan E - - 2004
AIMS: To review the indications and outcomes for abortion beyond 20 weeks' gestation within an environment of legislated notifiable pregnancy termination. METHODS: In Western Australia legislation allowing abortion > or = 20 weeks' gestation for serious maternal-fetal conditions was enacted in May 1998. Late abortions are only permitted in a ...
Zavodny Madeline - - 2004
I examined the effect of imposing a requirement for parental consent before minors can receive medical contraceptives. Birth and abortions among teens, relative to adults, in a suburban Illinois county that imposed a parental consent requirement in 1998 were compared with births and abortions in nearby counties during the period ...
Chen Aimin - - 2004
Follow-up information on subsequent pregnancies after mifepristone (RU486)-induced abortion is scarce. The authors examined whether one mifepristone-induced first-trimester abortion affects the outcome of a subsequent wanted pregnancy. In a study conducted in 1998-2001 at antenatal clinics in Beijing, Chengdu, and Shanghai, China, the authors enrolled 4,925 women with no history ...
Feillet François - - 2004
We report the French experience regarding pregnancies in maternal phenylketonuria (PKU). In 2001, a questionnaire was sent to each referring PKU specialist in the 20 centres of each region of France, collecting reports on 135 pregnancies in 79 women born between 1958 and 1980. The majority of the 135 pregnancies ...
Shannon Caitlin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Medical abortion regimens have become more widely used to terminate early pregnancies. Medical abortion providers are concerned to diagnose and exclude women with ectopic pregnancy before initiating treatment, as with any early pregnancy termination. Yet, there is little information about whether the various pretreatment screening methods used are adequate. ...
Yusuf Rushdia Z - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Cytogenetic evaluation of product of conception (POC) is essential to determine the cause of pregnancy loss and aid the prenatal diagnosis of subsequent pregnancies. The purpose of this study is twofold. (1) To profile cytogenetic abnormalities, their relationship with maternal and gestational age and analyze sex ratios in our ...
Bolin David C - - 2004
During the 2002 and 2003 foaling seasons, Cellulosimicrobium (Cellumonas) cellulans (formerly Oerskovia xanthineolytica) was the principal microorganism isolated from fetal tissues or placentas from cases of equine abortion, premature birth, and term pregnancies. Significant pathologic findings included chronic placentitis and pyogranulomatous pneumonia. In addition, microscopic and macroscopic alterations in the ...
Weintraub Adi Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of pregnancy complications in a live-birth preceding the appearance of recurrent abortions. METHODS: A case-control study comparing women who had at least two consecutive spontaneous abortions after one live birth with matched controls, without recurrent abortions, was performed. Cases were ...
Serman Ljiljana - - 2004
Contemporary understanding of missed abortion, as the case of spontaneous abortion where embryo is retained in uterus for four-weeks or more after its death, is very poor. Aiming to improve the level of knowledge about this process, we have compared glycosylation patterns of placental proteins in normal pregnancy and missed ...
Nakano Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychosocial predictors of successful pregnancy after recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA). METHOD: We administered two waves of semi-structured interview and self-report questionnaire battery to a consecutive series of 46 couples who had had two RSAs (baseline before third pregnancy, and immediately after third pregnancy was ascertained), and followed ...
Rogo K - - 2004
This article reviews the technologies used to diagnose pregnancy and manage abortion in developing countries. The author discusses methods of diagnosing pregnancy--including physical examination, laboratory and home testing, and ultrasound--as well as methods for performing safe abortions. Due to manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) advances, vacuum aspiration has become safer and ...
Valli Edoardo - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the reproductive outcome in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) associated with septate uterus after hysteroscopic metroplasty compared with patients who did not undergo surgery. DESIGN: Longitudinal evaluation (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University of Rome, Tor Vergata-affiliated endoscopic unit. PATIENTS: Forty-eight consecutive women with ...
Yamada Hideto - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess whether or not serum cytokine concentrations during early pregnancy are related to the subsequent outcomes in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of five cytokines--tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, and IL-10--were ...
Fielding Stephen L - - 2004
Of 50 women seeking an abortion in Rochester, New York, between November 1999 and January 2001, 35 went on to complete an in-depth interview from 1 to 6 weeks after their follow-up clinical visit. A higher proportion of women who defined their pregnancy as a baby indicated emotional distress during ...
Barrett G - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a measure of unplanned pregnancy that is valid, reliable, and appropriate in the context of contemporary demographic trends and social mores and can be used in a variety of situations, including the production of population prevalence estimates. DESIGN: A two stage study design: qualitative (inductive) methods ...
Hjollund N H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Male-mediated spontaneous abortion is well described among animals, but less well documented in humans. Studies that include early pregnancy experience are expensive to conduct, but IVF provides new opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Danish IVF register covers all IVF treatments performed after 1993. We mailed a questionnaire to 5879 ...
Grimes David A - - 2004
Internists care for many women who have had abortions and many who will seek abortions in the future. Each year, about 2% of all women of reproductive age have an abortion. Women having abortions tend to be young, white, unmarried, and early in pregnancy. Most abortions are done by suction ...
Ueberrueck Torsten - - 2004
Acute appendicitis during pregnancy is a rare event, and large numbers of cases reported in the literature stem entirely from data stored in national registers. Between 1974 and 2000 relevant perioperative data on the treatment of appendicitis were collected consecutively and analyzed retrospectively. Surgical and obstetric data relating to the ...
Thobokwe G - - 2004
AIM: To estimate the distribution and causes of abortion in dairy herds across New Zealand during the 2001/2002 breeding season. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was sent to all veterinary practices that employed members of the New Zealand Veterinary Association. Veterinarians were requested to record the numbers of dairy herds serviced ...
Sibuyi Mafanato Constance - - 2004
South Africa's Choice on Termination of Pregnancy (CTOP) Act of 1996 allows provision of abortion on request up to 12 weeks of gestation and permits midwives who have completed required training to conduct termination of pregnancies. This unique codification of midwives' role in abortion care reflects legislators' recognition that the ...
Padmanabhan L D - - 2004
Factor XIII deficiency is a rare cause of early abortion. The obstetrical outcome of four pregnancies in two women with factor XIII deficiency is reported. Both women were treated with substitution therapy using locally-prepared cryoprecipitate. The outcome in these two women demonstrated the need for substitution therapy in early pregnancy ...
Melkamu, Yilma; ;
Background: Abortion related complications are known to be among the leading causes of maternal mortality and disabilities in developing countries. Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of post-abortion patients, regarding return of fertility and pregnancy intentions. Methods: Cross sectional study was undertaken in four government ...
Signorello Lisa B - - 2004
Since the 1980s, numerous studies have investigated whether caffeine intake during pregnancy affects the risk of spontaneous abortion. A clear consensus, however, has not been reached. Because of the public health importance of this question, we reviewed the results of 15 epidemiologic studies on this topic, with particular attention to ...
Marinoni Emanuela - - 2004
To investigate local and systemic nitric oxide (NO) and adrenomedullin (AM) production in spontaneous abortion. Plasma samples and placental specimens were collected from 25 women with spontaneous abortion (6-12 weeks of gestation) and 25 women who underwent voluntary pregnancy termination. NO and AM levels were assayed in plasma; placental NO ...
Balasch Juan - - 2004
Recurrent pregnancy loss is a vexing problem facing many couples and doctors. Repetitive losses affect 2-5% of couples and specific causes are identified in only approximately 50% of patients. Many changes have occurred in this field over the past 20 years and the technology available for the workup of patients ...
Perera Jennifer - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In Sri Lanka over 500 induced abortions are done daily in spite of restrictive legislation. Experiences in other countries show that liberal laws alone have not solved the issues of induced abortions which may harm a woman's physical and mental health. OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-demographic features of women ...
Yimin C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a medically induced abortion (MA) on birth weight in the first subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women who had had a MA, a surgical abortion (SA), or primigravidas with no history of abortion (NA), were recruited for a prospective cohort study between July 1998 and ...
Chénier Sonia - - 2004
Numerous abortions were reported on a Quebec goat farm, and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1) was confirmed by PCR in several tissues from 3 aborted fetuses. This is the first report of CapHV-1 in Canada. Practitioners and diagnosticians must consider this disease when making a differential diagnosis for caprine abortion.
Schacterle Richard S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many women with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) fear that pregnancy will worsen their condition, increase the risks of maternal complications of pregnancy, or threaten the health of their offspring. Little empirical evidence, however, has been published on this matter. METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was administered to 86 women regarding ...
Adefuye, Peter O.; Department ...
Context: Unsafe abortion has grave implications for the life of a woman and her future reproductive career. Efforts to find the reasons underlying how a woman gets to the point of having an unsafe abortion, and means of preventing and minimising complications arising thereby are highly desirable. Objective: To find ...
Wang Jim X - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing number of pregnancies following assisted reproductive technology treatment and their survival is understandably a matter of interest. The relative risk of spontaneous abortion in these pregnancies remains unclear. The objectives of this study were to quantify the relative risk in assisted reproductive technology pregnancies in ...
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