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Dutra Luciana P LP Department of Nursery Education, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF), Petrolina, Petrolina, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the longitudinal change in visceral fat thickness (VFT) during normal pregnancy. A prospective cohort study with 75 primiparous adolescents was carried out in Petrolina, Brazil. VFT was evaluated by ultrasound between 12-20 weeks gestation and immediately after delivery. We noted a statistically significant increase in ...
Eriksen Hanne-Lise Falgreen - - 2013
Parental education and maternal intelligence are well-known predictors of child IQ. However, the literature regarding other factors that may contribute to individual differences in IQ is inconclusive. The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a number of variables whose predictive status remain unclarified, in a sample ...
Patil Crystal L - - 2012
We review information about the potential mechanisms underlying nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP), food cravings, and/or aversions in pregnancy. In addition to providing overviews about genetic predispositions and hormonal associations with appetite sensations and NVP, we review two functional explanations: the "maternal and embryo protection" and the "placental growth ...
Volkery J - - 2012
The pregnancy-associated hormones, progesterone (P4), pregnanediol-3-glucuronide (PdG), relaxin (RLN) and oestrone sulphate (E1S) in plasma, saliva, milk and urine of alpacas were measured in order to assess their potential use for pregnancy diagnosis. Samples were obtained from 36 female alpacas before mating and at different stages throughout pregnancy (confirmed by ...
Delfyett William T - - 2012
Throughout pregnancy and the puerperium, a variety of hormonal and physiologic changes occur that are associated with pregnancy-specific neurologic conditions, which may also influence known preexisting medical conditions or bring previously unknown neurologic conditions to clinical attention. This article reviews the imaging of a spectrum of neurologic conditions that may ...
Braun Beate C - - 2012
Ovarian and placental steroids are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. In some mammals it is evident that the placenta is responsible for the production of steroids. However, in the domestic cat, steroid secretion from the placenta has not yet been elucidated. Our study aimed to find out whether feline ...
Guo Yi-Hong - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the effects of long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) combined with transvaginal ultrasound-guided cyst aspiration on the pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in the infertile patients with ovarian endometriosis. METHODS: The 134 patients with ovarian endometriosis who underwent GnRH-a combined with transvaginal ultrasound-guided cyst ...
De Bonis M - - 2012
Across human pregnancy, placenta represents a transit of oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus, and actively produces a large number of hormones that serve to regulate and balance maternal and fetal physiology. An abnormal secretion of placental hormones may be part of the pathogenesis of the main ...
Theodorou Efstathios - - 2012
In oocyte donation cycles where hormone replacement is given to recipients, progesterone administration is necessary to induce the luteal phase and synchronize the endometrium with the embryo stage. Most studies suggest that 5-7days of progesterone are needed to prepare the endometrium for a day-5 embryo transfer and provide optimal implantation ...
Lueders Imke - - 2012
The corpus luteum, a temporally established endocrine gland, formed on the ovary from remaining cells of the ovulated follicle, plays a key role in maintaining the early mammalian pregnancy by secreting progesterone. Despite being a monovular species, 2-12 corpora lutea (CLs) were found on the elephant ovaries during their long ...
Purwana Indri N - - 2012
We describe a case of non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency in a 30-year-old Japanese woman who achieved pregnancy after treatment of primary amenorrhea. Hirsutism and clitoromegaly were present. Ultrasound examination showed polycystic appearance of the ovary. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) test resulted in exaggerated LH response, ...
Robeck Todd R - - 2012
Progesterone production is essential for growth and development of the conceptus during pregnancy. Abnormal development of the corpus luteum (CL) after conception can result in early embryonic loss or fetal abortion. Routine monitoring of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) pregnancy after artificial insemination or natural conception with ultrasonography and serum progesterone ...
Fontenot Holly B - - 2012
Preterm birth is a significant problem in the United States, contributing to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Progesterone is a hormone naturally produced by the corpus luteum and the placenta in early pregnancy and is essential for maintaining pregnancy. Clinicians and researchers have used this hormone in later gestation to try ...
Prendergast Brian J BJ Department of Psychology and Committee on Neurobiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2012
The impact of ovarian hormones on hamster ultradian rhythms (URs) is unknown. We concurrently monitored URs and circadian rhythms (CRs) of home cage locomotor activity during the estrous cycle, pregnancy, and lactation of Syrian hamsters. URs with a mean period of 4-5 h were evident during the dark phase in ...
Fowden A L - - 2012
Pregnancy is generally a co-operative interaction between mother and fetus in which the evolutionary genetic interests of both benefit from production of healthy offspring. While this view is largely supported by empirical data, Kinship Theory predicts that mother and fetus will disagree over the optimum level of maternal investment that ...
Balakier Hanna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether zona pellucida thickness (ZPT) of human embryos is correlated with maternal age, patient's hormonal status, embryo quality, and IVF outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated IVF clinic. PATIENT(S): Couples undergoing IVF-ET cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Zona measurements, clinical data collection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Correlation between the ZPT and ...
Gangestad Steven W - - 2012
Throughout the second and third trimesters, the human placenta (and the placenta in other anthropoid primates) produces substantial quantities of corticotropin-releasing hormone (placental CRH), most of which is secreted into the maternal bloodstream. During pregnancy, CRH concentrations rise over 1000-fold. The advantages that led selection to favour placental CRH production ...
Armstrong Laura - - 2012
Objectives In the United States, access to hormonal contraception commonly requires medical procedures, including Pap smears, breast and pelvic examinations. Over the past 15 years, these procedures, which may constitute barriers to effective contraception, have been declared unnecessary by several organisations. This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of the ...
Sahmay Sezai - - 2012
To investigate whether serum anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), or antral follicle count (AFC) are predictive for clinical pregnancy in in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients. Serum AMH, inhibin B, FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), prolactin, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and AFC of 189 women under ...
Rowan Shon Patrick - - 2012
The US teen birth rate remains the highest of industrialized nations. Therefore, sexual safety, including provision of contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), should be a component of adolescent skill development. Adolescents need comprehensive sex education and access to reproductive health services, including contraception. The consistent use of ...
Jadav Shilpa P SP Department of Pharmacology, M. P. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, - - 2012
Unwanted pregnancy is a global reproductive health problem. Emergency contraception is defined as the use of drug or device after unprotected or underprotected intercourse to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel as a single dose or in two doses with 12 h apart taken within 72 h of ...
Qiao Jie - - 2012
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists for controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) were only recently introduced into China. The efficacy and safety of the GnRH antagonist ganirelix was assessed in a multicenter, controlled, open-label study, in which Chinese women were randomized to either ganirelix (n = 113) or a long GnRH agonist protocol ...
De Bonis Maria - - 2012
Placenta plays a central role in the regulation of physiological mechanisms of pregnancy, and in particular is the organ of communication between mother and fetus. This action is also related to its ability to produce hormones, growth factors and cytokines during the progression of pregnancy, and in response to stimuli ...
Wada Keiko - - 2012
The association between light exposure at night and sex hormone levels in utero has scarcely reported. We assessed the associations between sleep duration or being awake in the late evening hours, which can be as indicator of light exposure at night, and the maternal and umbilical blood hormone levels during ...
Järvelä Ilkka Y - - 2012
Earlier studies have shown that maternal hormone secretion during late first or second trimester may be affected by gravidity. We examined the luteoplacental hormone secretion during 5-11 weeks of gestation in relation to gravidity. Forty-one naturally conceived pregnancies underwent weekly assessment of serum human chorionic gonadotrophin, progesterone and 17-OH progesterone, estradiol, ...
North Jeffrey P - - 2012
The poroid family of neoplasms includes hidroacanthoma simplex, eccrine poroma, dermal duct tumor, and poroid hidradenoma. These benign adnexal neoplasms are derived from the eccrine or apocrine sweat ducts or glands. Poroid neoplasms, including poromas, have been reported during pregnancy and have been hypothesized to be hormonally influenced. Poromatosis, the ...
Nguyen Phuong T T - - 2012
Steroid hormones play critical roles in almost all physiological processes in male and female reproduction. In a normal pregnancy, the concentrations of steroid hormones in maternal and foetal blood vary with gestation in response to changing needs. The placenta plays a central role in producing the appropriate steroids to support ...
Jones John Edward - - 2012
Events that occur in the early fetal environment have been linked to long-term health and lifespan consequences in the adult. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which may occur as a result of nutrient insufficiency, exposure to hormones, or disruptions in placental structure or function, may induce the fetus to alter its ...
Klimek Rudolf - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to confirm the efficacy of adrenocorticotropin depot (ACTH-depot) therapy in pregnancies with threatened miscarriage and preterm delivery through the desired stimulation of the adrenal glands controlled by the rest of organism. The activity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis plays a key role in pregnancy. Such naturally ...
Krejci Charlene B - - 2012
Purpose: To examine the literature with respect to periodontitis and issues specific to women's health, namely, hormonal changes, adverse pregnancy outcomes and osteoporosis. Materials and Methods: The literature was evaluated to review reported associations between periodontitis and genderspecific issues, namely, hormonal changes, adverse pregnancy outcomes and osteoporosis. Results: Collectively, the ...
Rahil Ali - - 2012
We report a case of parathyroid hormone-related protein-mediated hypercalcemic crisis in a 36-year-old pregnant woman, who was admitted to women hospital with recurrent vomiting and epigastric pain. She was diagnosed with uterine fibroid since the first month of her pregnancy, but the pregnancy had been uneventful. Serum calcium was 4.8 ...
Weghofer Andrea - - 2012
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) are utilized to differentiate between good and poor response to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. Their respective roles in defining functional ovarian reserve remain, however, to be elucidated. To better understand those we investigated AMH and FSH per oocyte retrieved (AMHo and FSHo). Three-hundred ...
Lidar Merav - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis is a systemic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease affecting the skin and viscera, manifesting pathologically with microvascular lesions, perivascular infiltration by mononuclear cells and increased deposition of extracellular collagen. The rarity of the disease as well as its propensity to appear in the early 1940s, explain the low frequency of ...
Jeong J K - - 2011
This study determined the effect of supplementation with oestradiol or oestradiol plus GnRH after PGF(2α) administration on pregnancy rates after timed artificial insemination (TAI) in dairy cows. Three hundred and six Holstein dairy cows with corpus luteum confirmed by ultrasonography (Tringa Linear with 5.0MHz array transducer; Esaote Pie Medical, Maastricht, ...
Galli C - - 2011
In the buffalo, the use of embryo-based biotechnologies for breeding and genetic improvement is still very limited because multiple-ovulation embryo transfer delivers poor results compared with cattle and in vitro embryo production has been used mainly for research purposes. At present, very few reports are available on the transfer of ...
Jeong J K - - 2011
This study compared pregnancy rates following 2 timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocols using PGF(2α)+oestradiol or PGF(2α)+oestradiol+GnRH in dairy cows. Four hundred fifty-five Holstein dairy cows, 2.2±0.1 in parity, 148.3±3.6 days in milk, with corpus luteum of greater than 20mm diameter confirmed by ultrasonography (Tringa Linear with 5.0MHz array transducer; Esaote ...
Bisinotto R S - - 2011
Reproduction is critical for the success of both dairy and beef cattle production. Inadequate reproduction impairs profitability by compromising production, delaying genetic progress and increasing expenses. A major impediment to the use of artificial insemination (AI) is the ability to detect oestrus for optimum timing of breeding. However, increased understanding ...
Hladunewich Michelle - - 2011
The ovulatory menstrual cycle is known to be affected on multiple levels in women with advanced renal disease. Menstrual irregularities, sexual dysfunction, and infertility worsen in parallel with the renal disease. Pregnancy in women with ESRD on dialysis is therefore uncommon. Furthermore, when pregnancy does occur, it can prove hazardous ...
Shipp Thomas D - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of renal abnormalities first identified in the third trimester of pregnancy after normal findings on a detailed second-trimester structural fetal survey. Methods- Between March 1, 2007, and August 1, 2009, all patients having a sonographic examination in the third ...
Zar Tausif - - 2011
Introduction. Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. It occurs in 7% of all the pregnancies and accounts for 80% of the cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension. Diagnosis of pre-eclampsia in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease, proteinuria, and hypertension is a dilemma. The ...
Sallami Sataa - - 2011
Renal colics due to urinary stones are also common in women of childbearing age whether pregnant or not. Through a review of literature, we evaluated diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in renal colic in pregnancy and lactation. Review of literature. The clinical diagnosis is sometimes difficult requiring additional medical imaging based ...
Vigil-de Gracia Paulino - - 2011
Objective. We describe our experience with the clinical diagnosis, management and, course of patients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). Methods. During the period between January 1996 and June 2010, medical records of patients with AFLP were reviewed for symptoms, laboratory findings, clinical course, and maternal and perinatal outcomes. Routine laboratory ...
Conrad Kirk P - - 2011
Pregnancy is a unique physiological condition of profound maternal renal and systemic vasodilation. Our goal has been to unveil the reproductive hormones mediating this remarkable vasodilatory state and the underlying molecular mechanisms. In addition to advancing our knowledge of pregnancy physiology, reaching this goal may translate into therapeutics for pregnancy ...
Whitten Amy E - - 2011
: Pancreatitis is a concerning clinical event during pregnancy, with high morbidity and mortality rates for mother and fetus. Hypertriglyceridemia is considered a rare cause of pancreatitis in pregnancy, with the majority of reported cases being associated with the lipid metabolism disorders. : We report on a case of hypertriglyceridemia-induced ...
Sun Liqun - - 2011
Objective. The highest maternal-fetal risk from pancreatitis in pregnancy is likely to be posed by the most severe cases, which we have compared to mild cases. Design. Retrospective observational study. Setting. A general surgery department of a university referral hospital in Nanjing, China. Population. Eighteen pregnancies complicated with severe acute ...
Holgado-Galicia Margarita Victoria B - - 2011
A 22-year-old G(1)P(0) was admitted at 26 weeks gestation for preeclampsia, hyperglycaemia and cushingoid features. Elevated 24-h urine free cortisol (UFC) and suppressed plasma adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) suggested ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome. Ultrasound showed left adrenal mass. She delivered preterm at 28 weeks due to severe preeclampsia and fetal distress. The ...
Ogueh Onome - - 2011
We have determined the sequence and extent of maternal renal and uterine adaptation to pregnancy and examined the role of hormonal factors in their regulation. Renal bipolar diameter (RBD), renal artery resistance index (RARI), uterine artery pulsatility index (UAPI), and plasma relaxin, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), progesterone, estradiol, urea, and ...
Peces Ramón - - 2011
We report the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with abdominal and flank pain with two successive pregnancies and was diagnosed of giant bilateral renal AMLs and pulmonary LAM associated with TSC in the post-partum of her second pregnancy. This case illustrates that in women with TSC rapid growth ...
Soni Simmi - - 2011
Citation Soni S, Rath G, Prasad CP, Salhan S, Jain AK, Saxena S. Fas-FasL system in molar pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 65: 512-520 Problem  Hydatidiform mole (molar pregnancy) is the commonest form of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease, with the risk of undergoing malignant transformation. The molecular pathway leading to ...
Ganapathi Karthik A - - 2010
Choriocarcinoma is frequently preceded by a complete mole, ectopic pregnancy, nonmolar intrauterine abortion, and uncommonly by a partial mole. Choriocarcinoma coexisting with or after an otherwise "normal" pregnancy is extremely rare, with an estimated occurrence of 1 per 160,000 pregnancies. We here report a case of a placental choriocarcinoma with ...
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