Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 659
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Makrydimas G - - 2002
Hydatidiform molar change, characterized by abnormal fetoplacental development and placental villous trophoblast hyperplasia, results from genetically abnormal conception, in which there is an excess of paternally derived genetic material. The majority of pregnancies in which molar change has been reported in association with a live fetus represent dizygotic twin pregnancies ...
Nomura M - - 2002
Placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP)/oxytocinase (OTase) degrades several small peptides such as oxytocin (OT), arginine vasopressin (AVP) and angiotensin III (ANGIII), and aminopeptidase A (AP-A) converts angiotensin II (ANGII) to ANGIII. These proteases play an important role in foetal growth and the maintenance of human homeostasis during pregnancy. In this study, ...
Kurbacher Christian M - - 2002
Trophoblast injury may be one of the possible causes of fetal distress associated with chemotherapy administered during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ex vivo chemosensitivity of normal trophoblasts (NTB) against commonly used antineoplastic agents. Using the newly developed ex vivo ATP-based trophoblast assay (ATP-TBA), 31 ...
Mamelak Adam N - - 2002
The authors report the case of a woman who presented during her 30th week of pregnancy with a large brain metastasis from a previously undetected metastatic choriocarcinoma. The metastasis caused significant neurological deficit due to mass effect, necessitating rapid intervention. Medical management included a regimen of high-dose corticosteroid medications for ...
Malhotra Bhawna - - 2002
We report an unusual case of invasive mole metastasized to the urinary bladder. The patient presented with hematuria one month after evacuation of a molar pregnancy. The serum chorionic gonadotropin levels regressed spontaneously following transurethral cystoscopic resection of the tumour. Metastasis of an invasive mole to the urinary bladder has ...
Petignat Patrick - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The introduction of ovulation-inducing drugs has raised concern that women exposed to these therapies may be at increased risk of cancer. We assessed the potential association between exposure to fertility drugs and the risk of developing persistent trophoblastic tumour (PTT). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the English ...
Hancock Barry W - - 2002
Molar pregnancy remains an uncommon and still not fully understood disorder. The clinical presentation has changed over recent decades. In developed countries complete moles are now usually diagnosed early (on clinical and/or ultrasound scan criteria) so that the more severe clinical presentations are much less commonly seen. The important differences ...
Güngörmüş M - - 2002
In this report, we present a case of generalized gingival hyperplasia related to pregnancy causing chewing, speaking, breathing and cosmetic problems. The patient was a 26-year-old woman in the fourth month of her second pregnancy, with generalized gingival hyperplasia affecting both buccal and lingual aspects of the maxilla and mandible. ...
Feltmate Colleen M - - 2002
Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is the least common form of gestational trophoblastic disease. The tumor represents a neoplastic transformation of intermediate trophoblastic cells that normally play a critical role in implantation. PSTT can occur after a normal pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, termination of pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy or molar pregnancy. It ...
Zite Nikki B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Few cases of ectopic molar pregnancies have been reported. We present one such case of a molar cornual pregnancy. CASE: A woman at 12 weeks' gestation by last menstrual period presented with ultrasound evidence of a molar pregnancy and a surgical abdomen. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a large amount of ...
Narasimhan Kanakasabai L - - 2002
We report the case of a 27-year-old woman who presented with palpitations, hyperemesis, and weight loss. The patient was found to have laboratory values consistent with hyperthyroidism. A serum pregnancy test was positive for an estimated 8-week gestation. After an ultrasound diagnosis of a molar pregnancy, the patient underwent a ...
Garner Elizabeth I O - - 2002
Modern therapy for molar pregnancy and gestational trophoblastic tumors has resulted in high cure rates and preservation of fertility, even in the setting of metastatic disease requiring chemotherapy. Patients and their partners facing future pregnancy after treatment for gestational trophoblastic disease express fear related to risk of disease recurrence and ...
Chen Chiung-Yu - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the clinical value of biliary CA 19-9, CA 125 and CEA sampled in different situations for the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. METHODOLOGY: Bile was obtained from patients with bile duct obstruction on the day of biliary drainage and 3 days later separately. The etiology ...
Miura Daishu - - 2002
Preoperative sestamibi (MIBI) and ultrasonography (US) are used to localize parathyroid tumors in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). The intraoperative quick PTH assay (qPTH) has been recommended to determine whether all hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue has been removed. We questioned whether qPTH improves the results of parathyroidectomy in patients with pHPT. ...
Nakayama Yuu - - 2002
Plants that can reproduce both sexually and agamically are called facultative apomicts. Some species, such as Taraxacum, contain both sexual diploids and triploid facultative apomicts. Triploids produce seeds without gamete fusion and recombination, and can also produce pollen and fertilize diploids. We present a population dynamic model that deals with ...
Kwon Hye-Eun - - 2002
Twin pregnancy consisting of complete hydatidiform mole (H-mole) and a coexisting fetus occurs with an estimated incidence of 1 per 22,000-100,000 pregnancies. The incidence of this unusual twin pregnancy with complete H-mole and a coexisting fetus after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is not thought to be greater ...
Tsai Jong-Rung - - 2002
Primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare tumor in men, with 13 cases reported in the literature. Due to its rarity, primary choriocarcinoma of the lung in men is often incorrectly diagnosed as more common diseases, such as primary or metastatic lung cancer, and therefore potentially curative chemotherapy or surgery ...
Chen Ruey-Jien - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate telomerase activity in tissue from cases of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) and in placental tissue from early and late human pregnancies. METHODS: We used a telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay to measure telomerase activity in 132 tissue samples from normal early ...
Blagden S P - - 2002
Little literature exists on the safety of early pregnancy following chemotherapy. Here we assess the rate of relapse and foetal outcome in women who have completed single and multi-agent chemotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumours. The records of 1532 patients treated for persistent gestational trophoblastic tumours at Charing Cross Hospital between ...
Ozalp S S - - 2002
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To determine the rates of hydatidiform mole (HM) cases at extreme reproductive life in a developing country. METHODS: A descriptive study was performed to assess the number of pregnancies and deliveries in Turkey, from 1932 to 2000, based on nationally or internationally published data from different university ...
Sebire N J - - 2002
All cases of first histologically confirmed complete and partial moles registered between 1985 and 1999 were identified from the database of a Trophoblastic Disease Registration Centre. The maternal age distribution at diagnosis was calculated for the 7916 molar pregnancies and compared with the maternal age distribution of an unselected population ...
Kato Takako - - 2002
Circulating inhibin forms have not been evaluated in patients with hydatidiform mole (HM) before evacuation of the mole. Serum inhibin A, inhibin B, pro-alphaC and hCG levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in HM before and after evacuation of the mole (inhibin B only before evacuation). Before evacuation, inhibin ...
Shapter A P - - 2001
Gestational trophoblastic disease consists of a broad spectrum of conditions ranging from an uncomplicated partial hydatidiform molar pregnancy to stage IV choriocarcinoma with cerebral metastases. Fortunately, with the advent of combination chemotherapy, the patient with advanced-stage disease has a significant chance of achieving complete remission. In addition, several studies have ...
Sebire N J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Early ultrasound examination is being used increasingly in the diagnosis of molar pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic implications of routine ultrasound examination for histologically confirmed molar pregnancies. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of sonographic and histological findings in a series of consecutive ...
Florio P - - 2001
Several findings suggest a role of placental hormones in the regulation of maternal and fetal physiology during pregnancy. The placenta and its accessory membranes, amnion and chorion, although of fetal origin, actually undertake the role of intermediary barriers and active messengers in the maternal-fetal dialogue. They synthesize, metabolize and serve ...
van Wijk I J - - 2001
In a woman with a partial hydatidiform molar pregnancy with 69,XXY karyotype, the presence of male fetal cells of trophoblastic origin was demonstrated in maternal blood by X/Y-chromosome specific PCR and by immunostaining combined with FISH on two cell populations isolated from maternal blood. Blood was obtained three weeks prior ...
King B R - - 2001
The human placenta produces corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) in exponentially increasing amounts during pregnancy with peak levels during labour. CRH in human pregnancy appears to be involved in many aspects of pregnancy including placental bloodflow, placental prostaglandin production, myornetrial function, fetal pituitary and adrenal function and the maternal stress axis. Since ...
Lan Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the risk of pregnancy of patients who conceived within 1 year after successful chemotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumor (GTT). METHODS: From 1966 to 1996, 22 patients who conceived within 1 year after chemotherapy were followed up and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Among ...
Sebire N J - - 2001
This study examines endovascular trophoblast invasion in pregnancies complicated by complete hydatidiform mole (CM), partial hydatidiform mole (PM) and non-molar abortions (HA). Two hundred consecutive cases from a supra-regional referral centre for suspected trophoblastic disease were examined histologically with particular regard to the presence or absence of endovascular trophoblast invasion ...
Goldman-Wohl D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a nonclassic major histocompatibility gene normally expressed only in extravillous trophoblasts throughout pregnancy. It may be responsible in part for the successful evasion of the hemiallogenic trophoblasts from maternal immune surveillance. We investigated whether HLA-G is expressed in molar pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Iwahashi M - - 2001
To investigate the characteristic structure of hydatidiform mole, various types of collagen expression were determined in human villous tissues obtained from normal pregnancies (n = 17) and complete hydatidiform moles (n = 10). Indirect immunofluorescent staining was performed to detect type I, III, and VI collagen with specific monoclonal antibodies. ...
Matsui H - - 2001
This study compared subsequent pregnancy outcome in patients with complete and partial hydatidiform moles. Among 1052 patients with molar pregnancy (complete mole, 801; partial mole, 251) monitored at Chiba University Hospital between 1981 and 1999, 891 patients (84.7%) had spontaneous resolution of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) after mole evacuation, and ...
Iwahashi M - - 2001
To investigate the characteristic structure of hydatidiform mole, type IV collagen expression was determined in human villous tissues obtained from normal pregnancies (n = 17) and complete hydatidiform moles (n = 10). Indirect immunofluorescent staining was performed to detect type IV collagen with specific monoclonal antibody, and Northern blot analysis ...
Shahib N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the causative conception of malignant gestational trophoblastic neoplasms (GTNs), we analyzed malignant GTNs by microsatellite PCR markers. METHOD: DNAs extracted from 12 malignant GTNs were subjected to PCR for five different chromosomal locations. RESULT: Of the 7 cases after a complete mole (CM), 5 were derived from ...
Chang S D - - 2001
Triploidy can reflect diandry (dispermy or diploid sperm) or digyny(diploid ovum). The former is likely to result in the type I phenotype with a partial mole with an appropriate-for-gestational age fetus rarely surviving beyond 20 weeks and a large, cystic placenta. The latter, however, is characterized by a type II ...
Petignat P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Normal fertilization is usually considered to have occurred when two pronculei (2PN) and two polar bodies are observed. Exceptions are the single pronucleated zygote resulting from asynchronous pronuclei. CASE: A 29-year-old woman entered a program of intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer because of her husband's oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. Two cleavage-stage ...
Wongweragiat S - - 2001
Complete hydatidiform moles are entirely paternally derived and, therefore, represent a complete intrauterine allograft that might be expected to provoke an altered maternal immune response compared with that of normal pregnancy. Uterine decidua contains a large leukocyte population, of which 10%-20% are T lymphocytes. Fas ligand (FasL) expression by placental ...
Kohorn E I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to measure levels of colony stimulating factor (CSF-1) in patients with trophoblastic disease, to determine whether such measurement may be useful to supplement measurement of the prognostically reliable human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), and to assess whether measurement of CSF-1 may be helpful in ...
Yamamoto T - - 2001
The authors present a 15-year-boy with meralgia paresthetica caused by the recurrence of a diffuse congenital hemangiomatosis in the pelvic region. Relief of the patient's symptoms was achieved by neurolysis of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in the thigh and partial excision of the tumor. To our knowledge, hemangiomatosis has ...
Celeski D - - 2001
In the United States, molar pregnancy occurs between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 2,500 pregnancies. The critical nature of complications associated with a molar pregnancy requires advanced perioperative anesthetic management. This case report details the perioperative events of a 34-year-old gravida 5, para 3, with a partial molar pregnancy ...
Malhotra N - - 2001
A case of dichorionic twin pregnancy was diagnosed in a 29-year-old, on routine ultrasound at 12 weeks. Subsequent ultrasounds for persistent vaginal bleeding at 16 weeks revealed molar placenta with viable fetus in both gestational sacs. The patient declined any invasive prenatal testing to confirm the karyotype of the fetus. ...
Al-Hussaini Tarek K - - 2001
Gestational trophoblastic disease is rare in industrialized countries. Rarer still are recurrent or habitual molar pregnancies. A rare case of hydatidiform mole occurring seven times consecutively without a normal pregnancy in an Egyptian woman is presented. She was first seen with her first molar pregnancy in 1994 at the age ...
Balducci-Roslindo E - - 2001
Vitamin A and its derivatives, retinoic acid, tretinoin and isotretinoin, are currently used in dermatological treatments. The administration of high doses of this vitamin provokes congenital malformations in mice: cleft palate, maxillary and mandibular hypoplasia and total or partial fusion of the maxillary incisors. This study compares the tooth germs ...
Zeygerson T - - 2000
Enamel prism-packing patterns reflect the past history of ameloblasts, providing information about growth patterns in tooth development. Here, the area and density of enamel prisms on the cuspal surface of molar teeth were measured to examine if the onset and rate of enamel apposition differ according to stage of development ...
Berkowitz R S - - 2000
Patients with gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) can usually achieve complete sustained remission while retaining their fertility even in the presence of wide-spread metastasis. Following complete and partial mole, our patients had 1,239 and 205 later pregnancies, respectively, which resulted in 68.6% and 74.1% term live births, respectively. Patients with either ...
Massad L S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate compliance by indigent women with surveillance protocols after molar pregnancy. METHODS: Women whose molar pregnancies were evacuated at an urban, public hospital were advised to return weekly either until hCG levels decreased below 5 mIU/mL, then monthly for 6 months, or until diagnosis and treatment of gestational ...
Zhang P - - 2000
We describe a case of partial molar change in a placenta that was associated with a normal female fetus who died in utero. The analysis of molar and normal placental tissue, as well as the karyotypic study of amnionic fluid indicate a complex origin of this conceptus. We review the ...
El-Lamie I. K. - - 2000
The aim of the study is to evaluate the different treatment modalities in the management of gestational trophoblastic tumors (GTT) in a tertiary care setting. One hundred and twenty patients between 16 and 55 years of age (mean 30.6) diagnosed and treated for GTT at the Gynecologic Oncologic Unit, Ain ...
Delmis J - - 2000
A case of a 24-year-old multigravida, with dry cough, dyspnea, fatigue, and weight loss with normal foetal growth rate is reviewed. Upon admission the patient suddenly became tachycardic, tachypnoic, cyanotic, followed by a non-palpable peripheral pulse, and asystole unresponsive to resuscitation. The autopsy revealed massive pulmonary trophoblastic embolism, bilateral pregnancy ...
Lorigan P C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and characteristics of women who develop a second molar pregnancy after a previous episode of gestational trophoblastic disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out on completed registration forms from referring hospitals in the North of England to the ...
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