Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1458
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Wallner Wenzel - - 2007
The present study was performed to compare serum concentrations of maternal and fetal angiogenic growth factors in IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) and normal pregnancy at the time of delivery. VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor), PlGF (placental growth factor), sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1), sKDR (soluble kinase domain receptor) and ...
Choi Suk-Joo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) modulates placental response to hypoxia. We therefore hypothesized that the expression of NDRG1 is altered in placentas from pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) or preeclampsia (PE), which are associated with fetoplacental underperfusion and cellular hypoxia. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-five pregnant women in the ...
da Silva Fernanda C FC Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil. - - 2007
An adequate placental perfusion is crucial for the normal growth and well being of the fetus and newborn. The blood flow through the placenta can be compromised in a variety of clinical situations, always causing important damage to the gestation. Our objective is to identify significant predictors for adverse neonatal ...
Gadelha-Costa Antonio - - 2007
The applicability of Doppler velocimetry has been well established regarding intrauterine growth restriction and fetal hypoxia. This method can also be used to determine fetal anemia and cardiac malformations. The main fetal arteries evaluated by Doppler velocimetry are the middle cerebral artery and the umbilical artery. However, the fetal aorta ...
Botsis D - - 2006
The evaluation of fetal well-being by Doppler velocimetry in cases of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is of great importance as it is very useful in detecting those IUGR fetuses that are at high risk because of hypoxemia. Several Doppler studies initially on fetal arteries and recently on the fetal venous ...
Papageorghiou Aris T - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aspirin therapy from the first trimester of pregnancy may benefit women at high risk for preeclampsia. We review publications from the past year that examine first-trimester screening studies for preeclampsia. RECENT FINDINGS: For a false positive rate of 5%, first-trimester uterine artery Doppler studies will detect 50-65% ...
Lockwood Charles J - - 2006
Pregnancy, from implantation to parturition, presents unique and profound challenges to a women's hemostatic system. During pregnancy, potentially catastrophic bleeding can occur during implantation and endovascular trophoblast invasion of the maternal spiral arteries. The risk of hemorrhage reaches a peak during the third stage of labor when the placenta is ...
Czajkowski Krzysztof - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of vaginal micronized progesterone and oral dydrogesterone supplementation on uteroplacental circulation in early pregnancy that is complicated by threatened abortion. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel group, double-blind, double dummy-controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty-three patients with threatened abortion and a living embryo. INTERVENTION(S): Three ...
Guven Melih A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association between mid-trimester maternal plasma homocysteine concentration, uterine artery Doppler measurements in a two-stage screening strategy, and outcome of pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted on healthy women undergoing screening for pre-eclampsia by uterine artery Doppler velocimetry at 20-22 and 24-26 ...
Sergi Pier Nicola - - 2006
Several neural interfaces have been developed to control neuroprostheses and hybrid bionic systems. Among them, intraneural electrodes are very promising because they represent an interesting trade-off between the needs for high selectivity and for reduced invasiveness. However, in most of the cases, no particular attention has been devoted so far ...
Simanaviciute D - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the normal range for the fetal middle cerebral artery (MCA)/uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) ratio in the third trimester of pregnancy and to assess its value, compared with that of the MCA/umbilical artery PI ratio, in predicting an unfavorable outcome of pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. METHODS: Doppler ...
Al-Saleh Eyad - - 2006
Obesity is well known to be a contributory risk factor for several disease states, including diabetes mellitus. Further, obese women are more prone to have babies born with congenital abnormalities. Paucity of data on maternal-fetal disposition of essential trace elements in obese pregnancies prompted us to undertake this study. Maternal ...
Hershkovitz Reli - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A single umbilical artery (SUA) is an independent risk factor for perinatal morbidity and mortality in healthy fetuses. The aims of the study were (1) to determine middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocimetric values among fetuses without structural or chromosomal anomalies with an SUA and to compare them ...
Gómez O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe sequential changes in uterine artery waveform between the first and second trimesters of gestation and to analyze their association with the subsequent risk of hypertensive disorders and fetal growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Sequential uterine artery Doppler recordings were obtained in a final cohort of 870 singleton pregnancies ...
Fok W Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is an echocardiographic technique for assessing the diastolic function that is relatively independent of preload. Since loading conditions change significantly during pregnancy, a load-independent technique will give a more accurate assessment of diastolic function in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Ross Gracious R - - 2007
Cardiovascular adaptation is a hallmark of pregnancy. Here we report on vascular hyperresponsiveness to an endogenous vasodilator, adrenomedullin (ADM), during pregnancy. Intravenous administration of ADM dose dependently decreased the mean arterial pressure, and the decrease was significantly greater in pregnant compared with nonpregnant rats without affecting the heart rate. In ...
Skulstad S M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The turgor of Wharton's jelly depends on osmotic and hydrostatic pressures. We tested the hypothesis that umbilical ring constriction has an impact on umbilical venous hemodynamics and thus on the volume of Wharton's jelly. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 237 low-risk singleton pregnancies, the cross-sectional area of the ...
Ghosh G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Uterine artery Doppler is becoming a routine part of pregnancy surveillance in high-risk pregnancies. Which blood flow velocity waveform index to measure is debated and the 'notch' in early diastole is not widely accepted, as it is a subjective measure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate ...
Farina Antonio - - 2006
Doppler analysis of the uterine arteries is currently used for pre-eclampsia (PE) screening. PLAC1 is a trophoblast-specific gene, and it is known that in normal pregnancies, trophoblastic cells are released into the maternal circulation, where specific trophoblastic mRNA can be detected. In PE, as in women who eventually develop PE, ...
Smid Maddalena - - 2006
To evaluate whether intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) as seen in preeclampsia is associated with high levels of fetal DNA in maternal circulation, and whether fetal DNA is related to altered uterine and/or umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry. Fetal DNA quantification was performed by real-time PCR on SRY sequences in 64 male-bearing ...
Malhotra Neena - - 2006
AIMS: To evaluate the role of umbilical artery Doppler in growth- restricted fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective observational study, 70 pregnant women with growth-restricted fetuses confirmed by ultrasound, were followed up with Doppler studies of the umbilical artery. The study group consisted of 35 women, where the Doppler ...
Kiserud T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Intrauterine growth restriction is a common clinical problem, but the underlying hemodynamic changes are not well known. Our aim was to determine the normal distribution of fetal cardiac output to the placenta during the second half of pregnancy, and to assess the changes imposed by growth restriction with various ...
Hung Jeng Hsiu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy of combination Doppler velocimetric resistance values of the umbilical artery and ductus venosus in predicting growth-restricted neonates with acidemia. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 61 gravidas complicated by intrauterine growth restriction with acidemia and 65 control pregnancies. The Doppler velocimetric ...
Acharya G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that constriction of the umbilical vein (UV) at the umbilical ring has hemodynamic effects. We aimed to determine the occurrence and extent of such constriction in serial observations. METHODS: This was a prospective longitudinal study of UV velocities at the umbilicus measured at approximately 4-week ...
Delachaux Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of uncomplicated pregnancy on the pulse contour of central aortic pressure. METHODS: A total of 66 women with singleton pregnancy were grouped according to pregnancy duration: first trimester (T1, n = 22), second trimester (T2, n = 20), and third trimester (T3, n = 24). ...
Sepulveda Waldo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of prenatal sonography for detecting velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord in singleton pregnancies at the 11- to 14-week scan. METHODS: The placental umbilical cord insertion site was prospectively examined at the time of the routine first-trimester scan between ...
Kashanian M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the relationship between umbilical coiling index (UCI) and adverse perinatal outcome. METHOD: A prospective study was performed on 699 pregnant women who were 37-40 weeks. UCI was determined by dividing the total number of the complete vascular coiling by the total umbilical cord length in centimeters. Then ...
Dolkart Lawrence - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pemphigoid gestationis is a rare autoimmune disorder of pregnancy characterized clinically by a pruritic, papular rash and in some cases intrauterine growth restriction and premature delivery. The growth disorder is secondary to antibody deposition in the placental bed, with resultant placental insufficiency. The appropriate fetal assessment required during these ...
Del Río M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference ranges for blood flow velocity waveforms (FVW) of the fetal aortic isthmus (AoI) during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional observational study involving 458 uncomplicated singleton pregnancies between 19 and 37 weeks of gestation. Fetal AoI Doppler parameters were ...
Lubomirova M - - 2006
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy complication usually of the third trimester. The clinical manifestations are hypertension and proteinuria with or without edema. Its pathogenesis is characterized by generalized vasoconstriction and endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the Doppler ultrasound examination of the ...
Nii M - - 2006
To establish gestational age-specific reference values of normal fetal atrioventricular (AV) time interval by spectral tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and pulse-wave Doppler (PD) methods, and to assess their correlation with signal-averaged fetal PR intervals (ECG). Cohort study. Tertiary centre for fetal cardiology. PATIENTS AND MEASURES: 131 pregnant women between 14 ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of 3-dimensional (3D) power Doppler imaging to predict neonatal outcome and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study, 3D-power Doppler ultrasonography was performed in 21 cases with isolated CDH between ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2006
Since antenatal detection of fetal growth restriction, defined as birth weight <10% for gestational age, can reduce perinatal morbidity with antepartum testing and use of Doppler, it is imperative that there be a greater effort to detect the growth abnormality. According to a well-conducted randomized clinical trial, all uncomplicated pregnancies ...
Nishihara Rika - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Widespread use of fetal aortic blood flow velocity measurements for assessment of fetal circulatory status has been precluded by difficulties in achieving an adequate Doppler insonation angle at particular sampling points. The goal of this study was to evaluate the differences in resistance index (RI) and systolic peak velocity ...
Ott William J - - 2006
Though a number of ultrasonic methods of diagnosing intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) exist, the combined use of Doppler velocity wave form analysis of fetal vessels and the ultrasonic estimation of fetal weight (or abdominal circumference) appears to be the best method of both identification and evaluation of IUGR. Once identified, ...
Mateev Stephanie N - - 2006
Pregnancy-associated increases in uterine artery (UA) blood flow are due, in part, to vasoactive and growth-related changes that enlarge UA diameter. Although active and passive mechanical factors can contribute to this enlargement, their role is less well understood. We hypothesized that pregnancy increased UA distensibility and/or decreased myogenic tone. Given ...
Wareing Mark - - 2006
A successful pregnancy is dependent on liberal placental perfusion via the maternal and fetal circulations. Doppler waveform analyses of umbilical arteries suggest increased resistance to flow in the fetoplacental circulation of pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Neither the site nor the mediators responsible for this altered vascular reactivity ...
Di Salvo P - - 2006
The aim of this work is to evaluate the haemodynamic characteristics of maternal and fetal vessels during normal pregnancy in bitches, using Colour and Pulsed wave Doppler ultrasonography, in order to obtain more information about maternal and fetal circulation. The blood waveforms of the uteroplacental arteries, aorta, caudal cava vein ...
Battaglia C - - 2006
To evaluate whether, after pituitary desensitisation, the impedance to flow in the uterine vessels may be an indicator of an ICSI programme outcome, and to test the relationship between intrafollicular nitric oxide and oocyte/embryo quality. Thirty-eight women, on the basis of impedance to flow at the level of uterine artery, ...
Tarim Ebru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare a low-dose aspirin treatment on placental and perinatal effects in the patients with poor obstetric history such as preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in previous pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study of 86 pregnant women was conducted between April 2002 and ...
Savvidou Makrina D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether maternal serum concentration of the angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its circulating antagonist, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1), which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE), are altered in pregnancies that subsequently develop PE and in ...
Detti Laura - - 2006
There is now strong evidence that fetal events can significantly impact postnatal health and disease development. Doppler velocimetry can identify some early pathologic changes in pregnancy. Many investigators have tried to delineate the normal and pathologic models of the uterine circulation in the first trimester, but much has yet to ...
Mu Junwu - - 2006
In human pregnancy, abnormal placental hemodynamics likely contribute to the etiology of early-onset preeclampsia and fetal intrauterine growth restriction. The mouse is increasingly being deployed to study normal and abnormal mammalian placental development, yet the placental hemodynamics in normal pregnancy in mice is currently unknown. We used ultrasound biomicroscopy to ...
Baschat Ahmet Alexander - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent developments in the Doppler assessment of the fetal venous circulation with special reference to clinical applications in the human fetus. RECENT FINDINGS: Doppler evaluation of the fetal venous circulation has increased our understanding of fetal cardiovascular function. Examples ...
Leung T Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a pre-version Doppler assessment of fetal cerebral and umbilical blood flow can predict the ultimate need for intrapartum Cesarean delivery after a successful external cephalic version (ECV). METHODS: A prospective observational study on women undergoing ECV between 36 and 38 gestational weeks was performed over a ...
Lin Monique G - - 2006
Prolapse of the umbilical cord is a rare obstetric emergency that in the viable fetus necessitates an expeditious delivery. A case of a periviable pregnancy complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes and overt umbilical cord prolapse was prolonged 2 weeks with expectant management is described. An extensive review of ...
Alkazaleh Fawaz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of uterine artery Doppler and placental ultrasound to identify adverse clinical outcomes attributable to severe placental dysfunction in women with second-trimester unexplained elevated maternal serum screening of alpha-fetoprotein and human chorionic gonadotropin. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty singleton pregnancies with elevated ...
Ball E - - 2006
Trophoblast invasion of uterine decidua and myometrium, and spiral artery transformation, are essential for the development of normal pregnancy; this process is impaired in pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and pre-term labour. The hypothesis that late miscarriage is associated with reduced trophoblast invasion and spiral artery transformation was tested in a ...
Haram K - - 2006
This study reviewed the screening, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of intrauterine growth restriction using the PubMed database for key words and the Cochrane database for systematic reviews. Identification of risk factors and measurement of symphysis-fundus height are currently the screening standards. Diagnosis is verified by ultrasonography. Accuracy of diagnosis may ...
Bartha Jose L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationships between maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) levels and both middle cerebral artery (MCA) peak systolic velocity and fetal haemoglobin in women at risk of fetal anaemia. METHODS: Forty-one measurements of MSAFP were carried out in 22 women at risk of fetal anaemia (16 alloimmunised patients and ...
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