Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1458
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Nevo Ori - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is characterized by decreased placental perfusion. Low oxygen has been shown to increase soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) expression in the human placenta. The objective of this study was to examine sFlt-1 expression in different types of IUGR pregnancies, including early-onset severe cases characterized ...
Turan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the performance of non-stress test (NST), computerized fetal heart rate analysis (cCTG), biophysical profile scoring (BPS) and arterial and venous Doppler ultrasound investigation in the prediction of acid-base status in fetal growth restriction. METHODS: Growth-restricted fetuses, defined by abdominal circumference < 5(th) percentile and umbilical artery (UA) ...
Plasencia W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the performance of screening for pre-eclampsia (PET) by maternal characteristics and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks' gestation. METHODS: In women with singleton pregnancies attending for routine care at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks' gestation we ...
Sodowski Krzysztof K Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic Ruda Slaaka, Silesian Medical Academy Katowice, - - 2007
The ductus venosus is the very important part of fetal venous circulation. It plays a central role in return of venous blood from the placenta. This unique shunt carries well-oxygenated blood from the umbilical vein through the inferior atrial inlet on its way across the foramen ovale. Using Doppler ultrasound, ...
Misra Vinod K - - 2008
Our goals were: (1) to estimate the longitudinal trends in uterine artery (UtArt) and umbilical artery (UmArt) resistance indices (RIs) in different ethnic strata; (2) to estimate time-dependent changes across gestation in the influence of variation in UtArt and UmArt RI on variation in birthweight in different ethnic strata; and ...
Heinig J - - 2007
PURPOSE: An abnormally high (above 95th percentile) pulsatility index (PI) in the umbilical artery (UA) indicates impaired fetal outcome, whereas the impact of an ''abnormally'' low (below 5th percentile) PI in the second trimester is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2004, second trimester pregnancy screening was performed at ...
Jugović D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the new vascular score, hypoxia index (HI), in the prediction of sonographically detected structural brain lesions in neonates within the first week after delivery of growth-restricted fetuses. METHODS: This prospective study included 29 growth-restricted fetuses delivered between 31 and 40 gestational weeks. Doppler umbilical artery (UA) and ...
Ozkaya Ummü - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether spectral Doppler measurements obtained from bilateral uterine, arcuate, radial, and spiral arteries in early gestation correlate with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: One hundred five pregnant women underwent transvaginal Doppler sonographic examination of uteroplacental circulation at 6-12 weeks' gestation. Resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) of ...
Tongsong Theera - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish normative data of middle cerebral artery (MCA) peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the first half of normal pregnancies (11-22 weeks). METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in which low-risk pregnant women whose pregnancies were singleton with accurate gestational age ...
Szczepanik Michelle E - - 2007
True knots of the umbilical cord are complications that can result in obstetric disasters, including fetal asphyxia and eventual fetal death. This study reports on 13 patients with a true knot of the umbilical cord in a delivery population of 967 deliveries during a 1-year period. In this group, there ...
Urban Gabriele - - 2007
Impaired trophoblastic invasion of the maternal spiral arteries is associated with increased risk for subsequent development of intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, and placental abruption. A series of screening studies involving assessment of impedance to flow in the uterine arteries have examined the potential value of Doppler in identifying pregnancies at ...
Gyselaers W - - 2008
AIM: To investigate Doppler flow patterns of renal interlobar veins (RIV) in left (L) and right (R) kidney in relation to gestational age and to intrarenal pyelocalyceal diameters (PCD). METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 6 groups of women: (1) non-pregnant women, women pregnant between weeks (2) 11-14, (3) 18-23, (4) 28-33, ...
Peyrat Elsa - - 2007
In pregnant women, the reported cases of hemoptysis were most often mild and had an identified cause. Between November 2003 and January 2006, three pregnant women at 16-20 weeks gestation were admitted to our respiratory intensive care unit for massive hemoptysis. One of the women had experienced mild hemoptysis, considered ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the maternal and umbilical cord serum levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia with intrauterine normal growth and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and in normotensive pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 15 patients with singleton ...
Ferreira A M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and flow velocity wave (FVW) patterns between women with no history of abortion and women with recurrent pregnancy loss of unexplained cause. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 43 women with recurrent pregnancy loss and 43 women with no history of ...
De Carolis Sara - - 2007
In pregnant women, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with an increased risk for preeclampsia, fetal intrauterine growth restriction, and other complications related to uteroplacental insufficiency. In normal pregnancy, impedance to flow in the uterine arteries decreases with gestation, as the likely consequence of the physiologic change of spiral arteries into ...
Gioia S - - 2007
The aim of the study was to investigate on a possible association between maternal mean platelet volume (MPV) and oxygen-metabolic changes in pregnancies affected by altered maternal-fetal Doppler velocimetry. We considered the altered maternal-fetal Doppler velocimetry group (n = 57) pregnant women admitted to our Institution for a pregnancy complication ...
Whitley Guy St J - - 2007
Preeclampsia complicates 5 to 10% of pregnancies and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Although the cause is unknown, inadequate invasion and remodeling of maternal uterine arteries by extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) in the first trimester is a common feature. Uterine spiral artery resistance as detected ...
Tourne Gauderique - - 2007
The antenatal discovery of Meckel's diverticulum is a rare occurrence; the localization of both Meckel's diverticulum and omphalocele in the umbilical cord has never been described. We present herein a prenatal case of an omphalocele associated with inner umbilical cord dilated Meckel's diverticulum. An umbilical cord cyst was suspected with ...
Inman Kimberly E - - 2007
The fertilized egg of the mammal gives rise to the embryo and its extraembryonic structures, all of which develop in intimate relation with each other. Yet, whilst the past several decades have witnessed a vast number of studies on the embryonic component of the conceptus, study of the extraembryonic tissues ...
Struijk Pieter C - - 2007
To examine whether the magnitude-squared coherence between uterine and umbilical blood flow velocity waveforms can, in conjunction with estimated fetal weight, uterine and umbilical pulsatility indices, fetal and maternal heart rates, diastolic notching and the amniotic fluid index, create a sensitive and specific model for the prediction of placental dysfunction. ...
Geerts L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Assess the prognostic value of ultrasound and Doppler parameters in severe preterm pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in Cape Town, South Africa, involving 113 women with severe pre-eclampsia between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation and managed expectantly when suitable. Serial ultrasound and multivessel Doppler assessments were performed ...
Satoh Shoji - - 2007
The objective was to investigate the relationship between fetal aortic distension waveforms and fetal hypoxemia and/or acidosis. Aortic distension waveforms were recorded using an echo-tracking system in nine late-gestation catheterized fetal lambs. Under hypoxic conditions induced by inhalation of gas mixture, fetal blood pressure and aortic distension waveforms were recorded. ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome of small-for-gestational-age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler managed expectantly during pregnancy and delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed from a cohort of singleton small-for-gestational-age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler and normally grown controls matched by gestational age ...
Xiao Daliao - - 2007
Recent studies indicate that smoking/nicotine increases maternal blood pressure and decrease in uterine blood flow in pregnancy. However, the mechanisms are not fully understood. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that nicotine exposure decreases endothelium-dependent relaxation and increases vascular contractility of the uterine artery in pregnancy. Uterine ...
Schiessl Barbara - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between arterial resistance and placental growth hormone (hGH-V) levels in the maternal circulation. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-seven women with normal pregnancy, 13 with preeclampsia (PE) and 11 with intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR) underwent Doppler sonography of the placental and nonplacental uterine and cubital artery and ...
Schlembach D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To correlate levels of angiogenic growth factors with Doppler ultrasound parameters in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: In 16 women with pre-eclampsia and 15 women with isolated IUGR, pulsatility indices (PI) in the umbilical and uterine arteries were measured by Doppler ultrasonography. At delivery, ...
Bakker P C A M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the role of uterine activity on fetal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Intrauterine pressure (IUP) recordings from consecutive term singleton, vaginal deliveries collected between June 1, 1993, and July 1, 2004, were analyzed. One thousand four hundred thirty-three recordings were included. IUP data ...
Papageorghiou Aris T - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review publications, published during the past year, that have examined uterine artery Doppler findings in women with adverse pregnancy outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Almost two-thirds of stillbirths that occur in the early preterm period (up to 32 weeks) can be predicted by uterine artery Doppler at 23 ...
Salvesen K A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study a possible effect of metformin on the uteroplacental circulation. METHODS: Forty pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of metformin (1700 mg/day) during pregnancy. Doppler ultrasound examinations of the uterine arteries were performed at 12, 19, 24, 32 and ...
Hu Shan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An association has been proposed between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders. Ambulatory blood pressure and carotid artery elasticity were therefore prospectively investigated in matched PCOS and control pregnancies. METHODS: Twenty-two PCOS-control subject pairs with singleton pregnancies, matched for age, body mass index, parity and ethnicity, were ...
Mari G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine if there is a relationship between middle cerebral artery (MCA) peak systolic velocity (PSV) and perinatal mortality in preterm intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses, to compare the performance of MCA pulsatility index (PI), MCA-PSV and umbilical artery (UA) absent/reversed end-diastolic velocity (ARED) ...
Hugo Elizabeth J C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of a personal computer (PC)-based, continuous-wave Doppler machine by a trained midwife at a secondary hospital to assess umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms (FVW) in referred women. METHODS: Pregnant women referred for suspected poor fetal growth were evaluated from June 2002 through December 2004. The ...
Rang Saskia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Estimation of cardiac output by continuous finger arterial pressure waveform analysis with Modelflow is a noninvasive technique for beat-to-beat hemodynamic assessment. The purpose of this study was to compare this method in pregnant women with the more commonly used Doppler echocardiography. STUDY DESIGN: In 16 primigravid women, stroke volume ...
Girsen A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test our hypothesis that human fetal N-terminal peptide of proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) secretion is increased in proportion to the severity of fetal cardiovascular compromise in intrauterine growth restriction. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study consisted of 42 growth-restricted fetuses who underwent Doppler ultrasonographic examination of cardiovascular hemodynamics within ...
Valsky D V - - 2007
Cornual pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. We describe a case of cornual pregnancy suspected by two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) and confirmed by three-dimensional volume contrast imaging in the C-plane. Three-dimensional power Doppler showed a particularly rich blood supply and two-dimensional color Doppler mapping demonstrated arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The ...
Bamfo Jacqueline E A K - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) function during normal pregnancy and investigate the effect of maternal factors. Little information about LV diastolic and long-axis systolic function in normal pregnancy exists. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty eight Doppler echocardiography and DTI studies of ...
Tonni G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relation between fetal acid-base and neonatal status in an observational cohort study of 900 consecutive women with singleton pregnancies at term undergoing elective cesarean section. METHODS: The women were divided into 3 groups according to the type of anesthesia administered. Fetal acid-base status was assessed from ...
Staboulidou Ismini - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The proper function of the fetal heart is indispensable for the fetal development and the normal fetal growth. For prenatal medicine, Doppler sonography offers the possibility of a non-invasive method to examine the fetal cardiovascular function under normal and pathological circumstances. The role of the Doppler sonography is to ...
Prefumo F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Singleton pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have an increased risk of preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. The aim of the present study was to determine whether first-trimester trophoblastic invasion, as assessed by uterine artery Doppler velocimetry, is different in singleton pregnancies resulting from ART compared ...
Battaglia Frederick C - - 2007
Studies in ovine fetus and placenta have pointed to an interaction between the fetal liver and the placenta. The supply of amino acids and carbohydrates depends on this interaction. These studies have led to clinical studies in normal and high-risk pregnancies. The objective of the present review was to compare ...
Snyder Charles L - - 2007
Prenatally, the umbilicus is of paramount importance, providing the gateway between the mother and the fetus. As the fetus becomes increasingly autonomous at the end of the second month of fetal life, the connections (vitelline, urachal) diminish in significance and involute. Disturbances in this process can result in a wide ...
Piazze J - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between the haematological parameter mean platelet volume and Doppler velocimetry parameters in order to improve clinical management in third trimester complicated pregnancies (pre-eclampsia, PE, and IUGR) affected by altered uterine resistances. Fifty-one patients were included in the abnormal uterine arteries ...
Staboulidou Ismini - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Doppler sonography of maternal vessels as a predictor for preeclampsia is an established screening method in the second trimester. Considering the first trimester its benefit has not been conclusively proven so far. Up to now the flow pattern of maternal vessels in the first trimester has only been insufficiently ...
Bamberg Christian - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of intensive fetal surveillance via Doppler ultrasound and fetal non-stress test on the perinatal outcome of pregnant women undergoing an intensified hemofiltration scheme. METHODS: Five consecutive pregnancies of women undergoing intensified hemodialysis were analyzed due to the following parameters: maternal background, hemodialysis schedule during pregnancy, ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating acoustic outputs during clinical ultrasound examinations, as expressed by the thermal index (TI) and the mechanical index (MI), during the second half of pregnancy and comparing acoustic outputs between B-mode and Doppler examinations. METHODS: Patients with suspected fetal growth problems undergoing Doppler ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the value of the fetal biophysical profile (FBP) and the Doppler cerebro-umbilical ratio (C/U) in the assessment of peripartal cardiotocography (CTG) in growth-retarded fetuses. METHODS: The prospective study included 58 pregnant women with singleton pregnancy from 28 to 42 weeks of ...
Bamfo J E A K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal cardiac function in women with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) to those with small-for-gestational age (SGA) pregnancies (non-IUGR). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving maternal echocardiography and uterine, umbilical and fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler assessment in 52 normotensive women at 20-36 weeks' gestation with SGA ...
Kotini A - - 2007
This is a report on our experience in the application of biomagnetism in perinatal medicine. We provide a brief description of our research work in fetal magnetoencephalography and fetal magnetocardiography in normal, preeclamptic and IUGR pregnancies, together with hemodynamics of the umbilical cord and uterine arteries, providing a new approach ...
Piazze Juan - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of antenatal betamethasone and ritodrine in third trimester low risk singleton pregnancies by Doppler technology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty-four third trimester pregnant women who received a full course of betamethasone and delivering uneventfully were recruited. The Doppler examination included the assessment of the pulsatility index ...
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