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Piazze J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The effect of antenatal betamethasone on fetal parameters includes a transient reduction of FHR variation and of fetal body movements. An effect on maternal-fetal blood flow has also been shown, with non-univocal results. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of antenatal betamethasone in third trimester singleton high-risk pregnancies by Doppler ...
Blickstein I - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to find out if the coiling density is similar in all segments of term singleton umbilical cords. We compared the coiling index (coils/cm) at three different segments of 159 cords. There was no statistical difference between the coiling indices of the placental and middle ...
Witlin A G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the maternal and fetal presentation of abruptio placentae and associated maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality by mode of delivery and fetal status on admission. STUDY DESIGN: Perinatal data (gestational age > 24 weeks) from women with abruptio placentae at a tertiary referral center were analyzed. For ...
Kupesic S - - 2001
The yolk sac is an organ of increasingly recognized importance in the initial mechanisms of pregnancy maintenance and the early growth and welfare of the embryo. The aim of our study was to assess the vascularity of the yolk sac and vitelline duct in 150 patients between the 6th and ...
Jaffe R - - 2001
A crucial event in human development is trophoblast invasion, a process that will enable chorionic and maternal circulations to develop in a synchronized fashion. Early embryo and trophoblast are very sensitive to the conditions in which they grow, and progressive development of placental circulations is essential for normal pregnancy development. ...
Gudmundsson S - - 2001
Knowledge of fetal hemodynamic physiology has developed enormously during the last two decades due to Doppler ultrasound. Some of this knowledge has been utilized for routine surveillance of high-risk pregnancies. The prediction of fetal hypoxia before the development of life lasting sequel is of major importance, especially in the very ...
Suzuki S - - 2001
We examined the fetal circulatory responses to maternal blood loss in pregnant women during the third trimester. Seven healthy women with placenta previa and singleton pregnancies underwent phlebotomies in an autologous donation program. Four hundred milliliters of blood was collected within 15 min at 34 and 35 weeks of gestation. ...
Lukacin S - - 2001
Based on changes of erythrocyte deformability (ED) found in normal pregnancy the authors decided to study the group of pregnant women with intrauterine fetal hypoxy. We selected 47 pregnant patients between 32 and 37 weeks of pregnancy with intrauterine fetal hypoxy, which was diagnosed by Doppler umbilical cord artery blood ...
Aardema M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a new method of quantification of the diastolic notch of the flow velocity waveforms of uterine arteries in the prediction of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. METHODS: Pulsed-wave Doppler was used to obtain flow velocity waveforms (FVWs) from the uterine arteries at 21-22 weeks of gestation from 531 ...
Hafner E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood perfusion expressed as pulsatility index (PI) and 'notching' of the left and right uterine arteries measured in the same woman in her first and second pregnancies. METHODS: Data from 1102 women's uterine perfusion in their first and second pregnancies were evaluated. Bilateral data, PI and early ...
Galan H L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that Doppler velocimetry of the peripheral and central circulations in normal fetuses is not affected by moderately high altitude (Denver, Colo-1609 m) compared with sea level (Milan, Italy-40 m). STUDY DESIGN: One hundred nineteen patients with singleton pregnancies underwent Doppler waveform analysis ...
Holmes R P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors might have fewer adverse fetal effects than conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that inhibit both isoforms of the enzyme. Although cyclooxygenase-2 is expressed in fetal kidneys, there are no reports of adverse effects in human pregnancy. CASE: A 27-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0, with a twin pregnancy ...
Delouche A - - 2000
The present work has been designed to validate the calculation of the effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) area with the use of a new formula that takes into account the velocity profile (V(r) vs r) and that is insensitive to errors in the determination of the position of the orifice. Assuming ...
Fowden A L - - 2000
1. Using the Fick principle and tracer methodology, the metabolic rates of chronically catheterized fetal foals (n = 24) were measured at different gestational ages during the second half of gestation and in response to maternal fasting for 36 h in late gestation (n = 4, term approximately 335 days). ...
Machin G A - - 2000
The normal umbilical cord coil index is one coil/5 cm, i.e., 0.2 +/- 0.1 coils completed per cm. We report the frequency and clinical correlations of abnormally coiled cords among 1329 cases referred to our placental pathology services. Twenty-one percent of cords were overcoiled and 13% were undercoiled. Abnormal cord ...
Bakotic B W - - 2000
During a span of 3.5 years, a 30-year-old, gravida 9, para 3 woman experienced 3 pregnancies complicated by umbilical cord torsion and constriction. In each case, the complication resulted in acute vascular compromise and intrauterine fetal demise. Gross examination disclosed cord constriction and torsion at the fetal end of the ...
Oepkes D - - 2000
Amniocentesis for amniotic fluid bilirubin levels is the most widely used test to predict the severity of fetal disease in red-cell alloimmunization. Many textbooks and guidelines recommend serial amniocentesis to monitor these pregnancies. However, the reliability of amniotic fluid bilirubin measurements has been questioned. Two strategies have been proposed by ...
Mitra S C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To study the tertiary-stem villi vessel lumen and wall thickness of placenta in pregnancy complicated with placental insufficiency and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), its correlation with the umbilical artery Doppler flow study, and compare with normal and non-IUGR pregnancies. METHODS: Placentas from 45 deliveries (between 28 and 38 weeks) ...
Carbillon L - - 2000
The adaptation of vascular tone in early pregnancy precedes and probably triggers blood volume and cardiac output increase. Because the endothelium is known to regulate vascular smooth muscle action, the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the setting up of adequate uteroplacental and renal blood flow during normal pregnancy was ...
Aquilina J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of velocimetric indices of uterine artery flow velocity waveforms (FVW's) at 20 weeks' gestation, alone or in combination with qualitative analysis, and establish the optimal screening method for the prediction of pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A total of 614 primiparous women had color flow/pulsed Doppler (CFPD) imaging ...
Campbell S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To assess whether the gestation at which abnormal uterine artery waveforms disappear is related to birthweight and complications of pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective study of outcome of pregnancy after a uterine artery Doppler screening program set in an inner city teaching hospital. One thousand five hundred and twenty-four consecutive ...
McCowan L M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine: 1. whether abnormal umbilical artery Doppler studies were independently associated with newborn morbidity; and 2. whether small for gestational age babies with normal umbilical artery Doppler studies had small mothers and a low rate of newborn malnutrition and morbidity. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: National Women's Hospital, ...
de Spirlet M - - 2000
To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a subdural hematoma, related to fetal autoimmune thrombocytopenia, diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound. The underlying etiology was hidden maternal autoimmune thrombocytopenia. This disease, which is as serious as alloimmune thrombocytopenia, causes severe fetal thrombocytopenia, which carries with it a high risk ...
Carroll B C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry in the management of oligohydramnios. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective chart review covering a two-year period, pregnancies with oligohydramnios evaluated by Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical artery were identified. Those patients with ruptured membranes and complex congenital anomalies were excluded ...
Contart P - - 2000
The objective of the present study was to evaluate power Doppler of the endometrium as a parameter for the prognosis of embryo implantation in patients who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The power Doppler was performed on a transverse section at the level of the uterine fundus on the day ...
Al-Mufti R - - 2000
In pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia (PET) and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) there is an increased number of fetal cells in the maternal circulation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in fetal cells precedes the onset of these pregnancy complications. Doppler ultrasound studies at 24 weeks ...
Isaksson R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of uterine artery impedance to blood flow on the day of embryo transfer for prediction of early pregnancy loss and obstetric outcome. METHODS: The uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) were evaluated prospectively by transvaginal Doppler in 102 infertile women, who conceived ...
Valensise H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis of the existence of a relationship between central and peripheral hemodynamic parameters by the longitudinal evaluation of maternal echocardiographic and uteroplacental resistance modifications during normal pregnancy. METHODS: Forty-three healthy normotensive primigravidae were evaluated at 12 +/- 1, 21 +/- 1, and 33 +/- 1 weeks ...
Savvidou M D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess endothelial function in normal pregnancy by non-invasive methods. METHODS: Flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery was measured by ultrasonography in 157 women with normal singleton pregnancies between 10 and 40 weeks' gestation and 19 non-pregnant controls. RESULTS: Flow-mediated dilatation in the non-pregnant controls was 6.42 +/- 2.45%. ...
White M M - - 2000
Vasodilation that occurs during normal pregnancy is associated with enhanced relaxation and decreased contractile response to agonists, which are in part due to increased stimulated and basal nitric oxide (NO). In preeclampsia and/or pregnancies carried at high altitude (HA), this normal vascular adjustment is reversed or diminished. We previously reported ...
Surányi A - - 2000
The object of this study was to investigate the fetal renal arterial blood flow in normal and hyperechogenic kidneys during the third trimester of gestation. The pregnancies screened were all chronically hypoxic. Depending on the etiology of the intrauterine chronic hypoxia, the cases were divided into two study groups. Group ...
Rockwell L C - - 2000
Enlargement of the uterine artery (UA) during pregnancy is diminished in women residing at a high altitude. We asked whether chronic hypoxia alters the rise in DNA synthesis in uteroplacental vessels and, if so, whether the reduction is related to the intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) observed under conditions of chronic ...
Selam B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to evaluate fetal arterial and venous Doppler parameters in postterm pregnancies with oligohydramnios and those with normal amniotic fluid. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed in 38 pregnancies beyond 41 weeks' gestation. Pulsed Doppler imaging was used to determine the pulsatility ...
Lau T K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the subclinical effect of external cephalic version on fetal circulation. Study Design: A prospective observational study was conducted on 136 subjects who had external cephalic version at or beyond 36 weeks of gestation without clinical complication. Doppler ultrasonographic studies of the umbilical and middle cerebral ...
Joern H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Subject of the study was the significance of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry findings for the further course of pregnancy and fetal outcome in cases of twin pregnancies. METHODS: In 206 cases of twin pregnancy, the umbilical artery was examined using Doppler velocimetry in the median 9 days prior to ...
Ordén M R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an intravascular ultrasound contrast agent used in the examination of uteroplacental circulation in late pregnancy has any effect on fetal cardiotocographic (CTG) parameters or fetal well-being. METHODS: The uteroplacental circulation of 69 women with singleton third trimester pregnancies was examined by power Doppler with contrast agent ...
Park Y W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of early diastolic notch depth in predicting adverse perinatal outcome. Study Design: Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry is widely applied in predicting pregnancy outcomes. Recent studies of uterine artery early diastolic notch have demonstrated its usefulness as a marker for fetal well-being. The ...
Chitrit Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of maternal dexamethasone administration on umbilical and fetal cerebral artery flow velocity waveforms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Robert Ballanger Hospital, Aulnay-sous-Bois, France. SAMPLE: Twenty-six pregnant women with singleton pregnancies considered at risk for preterm delivery. At baseline, all pregnancies had ...
Dancea A - - 2000
The objective of this study was to establish the echocardiographic modality that best correlates with electrical events in the fetal heart. No documentation on the relationship between electrical events recorded with a surface ECG and fetal M-mode or Doppler echocardiographic measurements is available. The following ultrasound tracings were recorded simultaneously ...
Tsai H D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the roles of endometrial thickness and pattern, as well as vascular impedance of the spiral and uterine arteries and dominant follicle in predicting the pregnancy rate in women receiving controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) following by intrauterine insemination (IUI). STUDY DESIGN: All idiopathically infertile couples who accepted COH ...
Robel-Tillig E - - 2000
Uteroplacental insufficiency leads to fetal growth retardation, which is a major cause of perinatal and postnatal morbidity. In the present study we investigated the relationship between prenatal haemodynamic disturbances and postnatal intestinal perfusion and gastrointestinal function in small-for-gestational-age neonates. Prospectively, 114 preterm neonates with a birthweight below 1500 g were ...
Calvano C J - - 2000
Umbilical cord length has long been investigated as a potential marker of intrauterine events that may place the neonate at risk for future adverse developmental sequelae. Experimentally, significantly shortened cords have been reported in association with prenatal exposure to common drugs of abuse. This study in rats reports the time ...
Sørnes T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord knots may represent a hazard to the fetus, particularly as regards intrauterine death and fetal distress or asphyxia in labor. The object of this study was to analyze the impact of associated umbilical cord encirclements and cord length on fetal outcome and fetal weight deviation. METHODS: Among ...
Hsieh Y Y - - 2000
The objective was to evaluate the effect of aspirin on infertile women with thin endometrium. Patients who had thin endometrium (< or = 8 mm) and intrauterine insemination were divided into the aspirin and nonaspirin groups. Endometrial pattern (trilaminar and nontrilaminar) and thickness, the pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index ...
Hsieh Y Y - - 2000
PURPOSE: We assessed vascular impedance in the spiral arteries in the central and peripheral placental bed throughout uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: Transabdominal color Doppler sonography was used to measure the pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI), and peak systolic velocity in the central and peripheral spiral arteries in 94 women with ...
Chung J E - - 2000
Unexplained maternal serum-fetoprotein (MSAFP) elevation has been known to be associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, however it is not sufficiently useful as a screening test. This study was undertaken to determine whether uterine artery Doppler velocimetry could define a subset of patients with an elevated MSAFP level in whom complications ...
Rizzo G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To measure fetal peripheral pulmonary artery velocity waveforms by Doppler ultrasonography in pregnancies complicated by premature rupture of membranes under 24 weeks' gestation and to relate the Doppler indices to the development of fetal pulmonary hypoplasia. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study of fetal peripheral pulmonary artery velocity waveforms from ...
Chittacharoen A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of umbilical Doppler velocimetry combined with ultrasonographic intertwin differences derived from estimated fetal weight, biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference and femur length as a comprehensive test for the prediction of discordancy. METHODS: The sets of twins were studied with real-time ultrasonography for morphometric measurements and with ...
Yip S K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single oral dose of misoprostol is associated with change in Doppler resistance indices (RIs) of the uterine artery in early pregnancy. METHODS: Forty pregnant women seeking legal termination of pregnancy at 7-15 completed gestational weeks were each given a single oral dose of 200 microg ...
Kiserud T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine the degree of shunting through the ductus venosus in the human fetus and its possible association with fetal growth. STUDY DESIGN: Blood flow in the umbilical vein and the fetal ductus venosus was measured in 197 low-risk pregnancies in a cross-sectional ultrasonographic study at ...
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