Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1456
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Yu C K H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of transvaginal uterine artery Doppler at 23 weeks of gestation in predicting the development of adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with twin pregnancies attending for routine ultrasound examination at 23 weeks in any one of seven hospitals underwent Doppler assessment ...
Detti Laura - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our review on Doppler ultrasound in obstetrics aims to identify which vessels have a definite clinical role in obstetrics. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of Doppler ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of the intrauterine growth-restricted fetus improves the perinatal morbidity and mortality. However, the timing of delivery ...
Bracero L A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether information from umbilical artery Doppler flow velocity waveforms significantly improves the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome, independently of maternal glycemic control, in pregnancies complicated by diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 277 pregnant women with diabetes were reviewed. Glycemic control was determined by glycosylated hemoglobin ...
Qin Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between gestational age and the ultrasonic measurement of umbilical coiling index (UCI), and to assess the ability of second-trimester ultrasonic measurements of UCI to predict the true UCI, determined at birth. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-one consecutive women with uncomplicated pregnancies, booking for delivery with ...
Vasapollo B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To explore maternal cardiac function through an echocardiographic evaluation, in a group of nulliparous patients with intrauterine fetal growth restriction during the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive nulliparous pregnant women who had fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and abnormal umbilical artery Doppler pulsatility index (PI) underwent ...
Skulstad Svein Magne - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of constriction of the umbilical vein at the abdominal wall in the second half of pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 283 low-risk singleton pregnancies were recruited for a cross-sectional study, and examined once at 20-40 weeks of gestation. Two sets of ultrasound measurements of the ...
Vergani Patrizia - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We have investigated the use of uterine artery Doppler waveform analysis in growth restricted fetuses delivered at > or =34 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Included in the study were all consecutive euploid non-malformed singleton fetuses with accurate dating diagnosed as growth restricted (sonographic abdominal circumference <10th percentile) between January 1995 ...
Korszun Przemyslaw - - 2002
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate umbilical artery (UA) and uterine artery (Ut.A) Doppler velocimetry in a low-risk pregnancy group with decreased fetal movements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight hundred and eighty-eight women were examined because of decreased fetal movements. All fetuses were alive on maternal admission. In ...
Doherty Dorota A - - 2002
Blood flow variables obtained via Doppler ultrasound (US) waveform estimation have been investigated for prediction of fetal distress. The umbilical flow was assessed using a number of waveform summary statistics in addition to the currently used resistance indices. We examined the relationship between umbilical artery waveform patterns and intrauterine growth ...
Oz A U - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the etiology of oligohydramnios in postterm pregnancy using Doppler velocimetry. METHODS: Renal and umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry were performed in women with singleton postterm (287 days' or more gestation) pregnancies. The renal and umbilical artery Doppler resistance index (RI) and end-diastolic velocity were measured. Stepwise logistic regression ...
Sakata Yoshiyuki - - 2002
Although the fetus experiences severe hypoxia and ischemia during delivery, the fetal brain is protected from hypoxic-ischemic insults by unknown mechanisms. To investigate this phenomenon, fetal asphyxia was induced in pregnant rats by occlusion of the umbilical cord. Rather than producing cerebral hypoxia, the brainstem PO(2) of at-term fetuses increased ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2003
This study assessed perinatal outcome in pregnancies with accidentally diagnosed fetal grasping of the umbilical cord (FGUC) on ultrasonography (US) in late gestation as a possible cause of fetal hypoxia due to mechanical occlusion of umbilical circulation. In this retrospective clinical study, routine antenatal US examination revealed FGUC from 32 ...
Mara Michal - - 2002
We report a case of voluminous placental chorioangioma diagnosed by ultrasound and color Doppler imaging during the 20th week of pregnancy. The size of the tumor was enlarging progressively (up to 10 cm in the 32nd week), and during this time the signs of fetal intrauterine volume overload and blood ...
Kametas Nikos A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy at high altitude has been associated with increased prevalence of pre-eclampsia and reduced maternal oestrogen levels, factors that have been associated with endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of high altitude (4370 m above sea level) on endothelial function during pregnancy as ...
Raio Luigi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the sonographic morphometry of the umbilical cord components is different in preeclamptic compared with healthy pregnant women. METHODS: Consecutive women admitted after 20 weeks' gestation with the diagnosis of preeclampsia and whose fetus was normally grown (cases) were included in the study. Each case was matched ...
Papageorghiou A T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Doppler ultrasound provides a non-invasive method for the study of the uteroplacental circulation. In normal pregnancy, impedance to flow in the uterine arteries decreases with gestation, which may be the consequence of trophoblastic invasion of the spiral arteries and their conversion into low-resistance vessels. Pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction ...
Leung Vivian Yee Fong - - 2002
We have shown that the function of the bladder vesicoureteric junction (VUJ) can be studied by the Doppler waveform of the ureteric jet, and this reflects the active sphincteric mechanism of the VUJ. We wished to investigate if the hormonal changes of pregnancy cause any alteration of VUJ function. A ...
Lang Uwe - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine the effects of chronic reduction in uterine blood flow (UBF) on umbilical blood flow (UmbBF) and fetal cardiovascular hemodynamics and oxygenation. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen sheep with singleton pregnancies were instrumented on gestational day (GD) 110; an externally adjustable vascular occluder was placed ...
Zimmerman Roland - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utilisation measurements of peak systolic velocities in the middle cerebral artery combined with B-mode ultrasound imaging to predict anaemia in an unselected population of pregnancies complicated by alloimmune antibodies known to cause immunological hydrops. DESIGN: Prospective study on an intention-to-treat basis. SETTING: Multicentre study in five ...
Lembet Arda - - 2002
Pregnancy in women having chronic renal insufficiency and undergoing hemodialysis is a rare event with a poor outcome. This is the 1st case in whom pre- and posthemodialysis fetal renal artery Doppler flow velocimetry was used in conjunction with fetal blood sampling which was performed to assess fetal karyotype and ...
Wolman I - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a prospective evaluation of the incidence and neonatal outcome of fetuses with persistent right umbilical vein. This condition had traditionally been considered to be extremely rare and to be associated with a very poor neonatal prognosis, but later evidence has raised some doubts about the veracity of ...
Dejthevaporn Thewin - - 2002
Color pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to examine the uterine arteries of a total of 265 normal pregnant women during 22-28 weeks' gestation at the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Reference ranges for pulsatility index (PI) were determined and throughout this gestational range, the mean values were ...
Stiller Ruth - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity for acidosis of intrapartum fetal oxygen saturation measured by reflectance pulse oximetry. STUDY DESIGN: Intrapartum fetal oxygen saturation values per labor stage were correlated with umbilical artery pH, base excess and PCO(2) by regression analysis. Receiver operating ...
Madazli Riza - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic factors for survival of growth-restricted fetuses with absent end-diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses with either absent end-diastolic (34 fetuses) or reverse flow (11 fetuses) in the umbilical artery were studied. The clinical ...
Nakai A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the inter- and intraobserver reproducibilities of pulsed Doppler measurements of the maternal renal circulation in normal pregnancies and those affected by pregnancy-induced hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to measure acceleration time and resistance index in the renal segmental and interlobar arteries. ...
Ballejo Gustavo - - 2002
Late pregnancy in rats is characterized by a decrease in arterial pressure and in isolated arterial vessels response to vasoconstrictors. In uterine arteries the pregnancy-associated attenuation of the response to vasoconstrictors has been attributed to an increase in basal and agonist-induced endothelial NO production. However, the role of NO in ...
Wareing M - - 2002
Despite the essential role of the placenta in pregnancy, the control of the blood flow within the fetoplacental circulation is poorly understood. A handful of myography studies have directly assessed the role of vasoactive agonists in fetoplacental vasculature contractility but have used a range of steady-state conditions. Our aim, therefore, ...
Seyam Y S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to compare pregnancy outcomes in growth-restricted fetuses retaining normal umbilical artery Doppler flow and the outcomes of pregnancies with end-diastolic velocity either diminished or severely reduced/absent. METHODS: One hundred pregnant women with growth-restricted fetuses were followed with Doppler velocimetry of the umbilical ...
Trudinger Brian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that fetal proinflammatory cytokine release is a feature of placental vascular disease causing fetal compromise. We measured the concentrations of fetal proinflammatory cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the presence of vascular disease in the umbilical placental villous ...
Galan Henry L - - 2002
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a common complication in pregnancy and influences morbidity and mortality at all stages of life. Historically, the management of IUGR has been dependent on antenatal biophysical testing and umbilical artery Doppler studies. With recent Doppler studies of the fetal central circulation, including intracardiac flows and ...
van Diik C C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To provide reference values for the umbilical coiling index in uncomplicated pregnancy. METHODS: Umbilical cords were collected from livebom singleton infants born after uncomplicated pregnancies. The umbilical coiling index (UCI) was calculated as the number of coils divided by the cord length in centimeters. The mean value (SD) for ...
Pellizzari P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare uterine artery blood flow in normal first-trimester pregnancies with those complicated by uterine bleeding. METHODS: Uterine artery blood flow was investigated by transvaginal color Doppler in 46 pregnant women affected by uterine bleeding and in a control group of 35 women with normal intrauterine pregnancy. Gestational age ...
Ott William J - - 2002
The objective of this study is an attempt to evaluate the best ultrasonic method of diagnosing intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR); a retrospective study of patients with singleton pregnancies who had been scanned at the author's institution within 2 weeks of their delivery was undertaken. Estimated fetal weight, abdominal circumference, head ...
Itoh Shigeru - - 2002
Pregnancy is associated with a substantial increase in uterine artery blood flow, which may in part result from dilation in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Uterine blood flow is reported to be reduced in globally diet-restricted pregnant rats. Both global and protein dietary restriction in pregnancy produce programmed ...
Hudak Paul F - - 2002
Effects of distance lags between landfills and monitoring wells on contaminant detection capability were quantified in several groundwater velocity settings. Detection efficiency calculations were made with and without imposing a time limit on contaminant travel. In general, longer distance lags yielded higher detection efficiencies. However, detection efficiencies decreased as monitoring ...
Severi F M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of different admission tests in predicting the outcome of small-for-gestational age (SGA) fetuses with normal Doppler waveforms in the umbilical artery. METHODS: Criteria for admission into this retrospective study included: singleton pregnancy with a birth weight < 10th centile; absence of severe maternal complications; no ...
Moran Adrian M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with marked alteration in cardiovascular hemodynamics. Recent reports have characterized the effects on cardiac systolic function. Little has been written on the influences of loading conditions on Doppler measures of diastolic function during pregnancy. HYPOTHESIS: Stage of pregnancy has an impact on Doppler indices of diastolic ...
Haugen Guttorm - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate the detection rate of fetal anemia and pregnancy outcome as related to our policy of monitoring pregnancies with red blood cell alloimmunization. METHODS: From August 1997 to July 2000 35 pregnant women with maternal red blood cell alloantibodies were monitored by ultrasonographic measurements of the fetal spleen ...
Donlon Christine Reu - - 2002
The umbilical cord is a critical connection between the embryo (and later, the fetus) and the placenta. The umbilical cord houses the blood vessels that are responsible for nourishing the fetus. Proper umbilical cord function is essential for growth and development before birth. A review of the embryologic origin of ...
Parpaglioni R - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate whether the administration of sevoflurane in 100% oxygen for anaesthesia during Caesarean section would improve fetal and neonatal oxygenation compared with the administration of sevoflurane with 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen. METHODS: The randomized, single-blind controlled study examined 24 mothers, ASA ...
Mu Junwu - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of our study were to assess the ability of color and power Doppler sonography to depict the blood flow in the intraplacental villous arteries and to evaluate whether the blood flow of intraplacental villous arteries in a normal pregnancy is different from that in a pregnancy that ...
Ferrazzi E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To identify the temporal sequence of abnormal Doppler changes in the fetal circulation in a subset of early and severely growth-restricted fetuses. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary care/teaching hospital. Twenty-six women who were diagnosed with growth-restricted fetuses by local standards before 32 weeks' gestation ...
Hata Toshiyuki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between nuchal translucency thickness and cardiac flow velocity in normal fetuses at 11-13 weeks of gestation. Subjects and METHODS: Eighteen normal pregnancies were prospectively studied with transvaginal sonography and pulsed and color Doppler ultrasound. Flow velocities at the fetal atrioventricular valves (mitral and tricuspid valve) ...
Becker Rolf - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of Doppler sonography of the uterine arteries (DSUA) at 20-23 gestational weeks as screening procedure in a low risk population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 7508 singleton low-risk pregnancies. Doppler sonography of both uterine arteries was performed as routine part of ...
Hafner Tomislav - - 2002
Three-dimensional power Doppler sonography is a unique instrument that enables assessment of vascular signals within the whole investigated area. Hemodynamical changes included in the process of early placentation are one of the most exciting topics in investigation of early human development. This investigation was designed as an observational cross-sectional study. ...
Giacobbe Marcelo - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the uteroplacental vascular characteristics during the first trimester of normal and failed pregnancies. A clinical descriptive study was conducted using colour Doppler ultrasound in 45 women with normal pregnancies (group A) and 44 with non-embryonic sac or missed abortions (group B). The ...
Korszun Przemyslaw - - 2002
THE AIM: To record blood flow velocimetry in the fetal superior mesenteric artery in normal pregnancy and to evaluate if blood flow recordings in the vessel might predict adverse outcome in high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: The fetal superior mesenteric artery blood velocimetry was recorded in a cross sectional manner in 75 ...
Matijevic Ratko - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed in order to compare the performance of classical two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) ultrasound, both with power Doppler technology, in the visualization of the placental vascular network during ongoing pregnancy. METHODS: 15 pregnant volunteers in the third trimester of pregnancy were examined by ...
Hermsteiner M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that pregnancy is associated with an attenuation of the vasoconstrictor response not only in the uterine, but also in the systemic circulation. Decreased vascular reactivity should be characterized by an early onset to account for the rapid fall ...
Martin A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the value of uterine artery Doppler at 11-14 weeks of gestation in the identification of women at risk of developing pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction. METHODS: Uterine artery Doppler was carried out at 11-14 weeks in 3324 consecutive singleton pregnancies attending for routine care in three London ...
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