Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1453
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Wong Shell Fean - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry for the monitoring of diabetic pregnancies is controversial. The aim of the present study was to assess whether umbilical artery Doppler velocity waveform analysis can predict adverse perinatal outcomes for pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus. METHODS: All diabetic pregnancies (type 1 ...
Owen P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether there is a relationship between estimated fetal weight (EFW) and umbilical artery Doppler waveform impedance indices in the third trimester. METHODS: The pulsatility index (PI) and S/D (systolic/diastolic) ratio were obtained together with the EFW from 274 low-risk pregnancies. Measurements were made at fortnightly intervals from ...
Zhang Weiyuan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and catecholamine levels. METHODS: Catecholamines levels in maternal and fetal blood were determined in 116 patients with PIH and 40 normal control subjects using high performance liquid chromatography. The normal control subjects and PIH cases were selected from patients at term ...
van Eijndhoven H W F - - 2003
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of early pregnancy on the sensitivity to, and endogenous production of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Contractile responses of arteries of 10-day pregnant and nonpregnant rats were studied in myographs. During contractions induced by 40 mmol/l K(+), exogenous CGRP elicited ...
Erdem Mehmet - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the localization of endothelin-1 (ET-1) immunoreactivity differs in human placental tissues from third-trimester normal and intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) pregnancies. Immunohistochemistry for ET-1 was performed on human placentas from 30 IUGR and 30 uncomplicated pregnancies matched for gestational age. The distribution ...
Singh Vivekanand - - 2003
CONTEXT: The cause for intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) occurring in early gestation in a high percentage of spontaneous abortions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association, if any, of umbilical cord abnormalities with early IUFD. DESIGN: All cases of IUFD occurring within 16 weeks of gestation that presented to our ...
Baykal Cem - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the ultra structural difference of placentas in IUGR fetuses that were all found to have abnormal umbilical artery Doppler waveforms. METHODS: Nine placentas from 7 IUGR fetuses and 2 from healthy normal fetuses were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: All ...
Giles Warwick - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the addition value of umbilical artery Doppler ultrasound added to standard ultrasound biometry measurements in the management of twin pregnancies. DESIGN: A prospective randomised controlled multicentre trial of women with twin pregnancies. SETTING: Tertiary level referral hospitals in Australia, New Zealand and Southeast Asia. POPULATION: Pregnant women ...
Parer Julian T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The acceptance or rejection of obstetric technologies in clinical practice is not always based on the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In this study, possible reasons for this discordance are examined. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven technologies introduced over the past 30 years were examined. RCT results were determined from ...
Picone O - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy occurring after pelvic arterial embolization for postpartum hemorrhage is rare. The harmlessness of this procedure for subsequent pregnancies is poorly documented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight pregnant women with a history of arterial embolization were followed up with fetal growth and Doppler assessment. RESULTS: Fetal growth and umbilical Doppler ...
Caramelli Elisabetta - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if an increased amount of fetal DNA concentration can be found in women screened positive for intrauterine growth restriction because of abnormal uterine artery Doppler waveforms. METHODS: We enrolled eight pregnant women (each bearing a male fetus), with the evidence of abnormal uterine artery Doppler waveforms, and ...
Sakamoto Rie - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Neurokinin B (NKB) is a neuropeptide with a vasopressor effect belonging to the tachykinin family. This neuropeptide has attracted attention since recent reports indicated that it is also secreted in the placenta and is probably a cause of pre-eclampsia. To provide a basis for elucidation of the relationship between ...
Weiner Zeev - - 2003
Thrombophilia is associated with several complications of pregnancy including first and second trimester fetal loss, intrauterine fetal death, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, and placental abruption. Few studies have documented thrombotic lesions observed on the pathologic examination of the placenta in women with severe pregnancy complications. Moreover, a significantly higher rate ...
Kotini A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of biomagnetic recordings of the umbilical artery over Doppler ultrasound screening in order to predict complications of impaired uteroplacental blood flow in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Our study population included 11 IUGR preeclamptic (34-37-weeks gestation; birth weight 1969 +/- 129 g) and ...
Khong T Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Structural changes of the spiral arteries needed for the pregnancy do not completely resolve following parturition. We tested the hypothesis that these anatomical changes are related to the number of previous pregnancies. METHODS: Video image analysis was performed on Masson-stained sections from 28 hysterectomy specimens, examining the proportion of ...
Bachmann L M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To describe how data from antenatal fetal ultrasound biometry, amniotic fluid index and umbilical artery Doppler can be appropriately combined using multivariable models and to investigate how the addition of these ultrasound parameters influences the ability to predict intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study ...
Nizard J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypogastric artery ligation is a therapeutic option for severe post-partum haemorrhage. Little is known about the outcomes of subsequent fertility and pregnancy. We studied these parameters in women who required hypogastric artery ligation for severe post-partum haemorrhage in our institution over a 13-year period. METHODS: All patients who required ...
Harman Chris R - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Doppler applications in pregnancy are expanding exponentially. Flow velocity waveforms provide important information 12 weeks to term, from maternal vessels, placental circulation and fetal systemic vessels, with implications for both mother and fetus. As applications proliferate, awareness of the complexity of fetal and placental circulations, in normal ...
Mello Giorgio - - 2003
The risk for an adverse pregnancy outcome is markedly higher in women with history of preeclampsia. This may stem from impaired placentation in early gestation and from high impedance to flow in uteroplacental circulation. The renin-angiotensin system is one of the mediators of the remodeling of spiral arteries throughout pregnancy. ...
Achiron Reuwen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the possible association of in-utero bowel dilatation and circulatory changes with fetal compromise. METHODS: A retrospective survey of all ultrasound examinations was performed at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center (n approximately 10,000) between 1995 and 1999. Cases with ultrasonographic evidence of bowel dilatation, but without evidence of ...
Konje Justin C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare longitudinal uterine artery volume flow changes in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) pregnancies and those complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). DESIGN: Serial longitudinal study. SETTING: Large UK Teaching Hospital Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department and Institute of Anatomy, RWTH Aachen, Germany. POPULATION: Pregnant women with ...
Carles Gabriel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fetal vascular adaptation to moderate and severe maternal anemia. STUDY DESIGN: Biometry; amniotic fluid index; uterine, cerebral, and umbilical Doppler; and maternal hemoglobin level were measured at admission and 8 days after treatment. RESULTS: Group 1 consisted of 16 pregnancies ...
Figueras F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare Doppler evaluation of the ductus venosus and contraction stress test (CST) in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in growth-restricted fetuses with evidence of hemodynamic redistribution and a non-reactive non-stress test (NST). METHODS: Data were collected from all singleton pregnancies seen in our Fetal Surveillance Unit who ...
Boito S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To estimate fetal brain volume from head circumference and published postmortem data; to determine normal values for the fetal brain/liver volume ratio relative to gestational age; to establish the relationship between the brain/liver volume ratio and fetal circulatory parameters during normal and restricted (SGA) fetal growth. PATIENTS AND METHOD: ...
Cooke Christy-Lynn M - - 2003
Normal pregnancy involves dramatic changes to maternal vascular function, while abnormal vascular adaptations may contribute to pregnancy-associated diseases such as preeclampsia. Many genetic mouse models have recently emerged to study vascular pathologies of pregnancy. However, vascular adaptations to pregnancy in normal mice are not fully understood. Thus, we studied changes ...
Magann Everett F - - 2003
Two ultrasound techniques, the amniotic fluid index (AFI) and the single deepest pocket (SDP), are currently used to detect oligohydramnios, predict variable decelerations, risk of Caesarean delivery for fetal distress, Apgar scores, umbilical cord artery pH, perinatal mortality, and cerebral palsy. Both techniques poorly identify oligohydramnios. Both techniques identify pregnancies ...
Gornall A S - - 2003
The presence of a single umbilical artery is recognised as a soft marker for congenital anomalies, aneuploidy, earlier delivery and low birthweight. Most of the available data are derived from case series or highly selected populations and are therefore likely to be unrepresentative. In this retrospective case-comparison study, we firstly ...
Albaiges G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare uterine artery Doppler velocity and impedance indices in the presence and absence of uterine artery waveform notches, in the prediction of adverse pregnancy outcome in high-risk women. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven women identified at Doppler screening as being at 'high risk' underwent a further uterine artery ...
White Margueritte M - - 2003
During pregnancy, exposure to chronic hypoxia is thought to be associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). While some studies suggest that this process may be mediated through effects of chronic hypoxia on uterine artery vasodilation and growth, these observations are likely to be ...
Schiessl Barbara - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of the presented study was to clarify the relationship between the pulsatility index of the uterine arteries and the maternal cubital artery and peripheral concentrations of the metabolites of nitric oxide (NO) and its second messenger cyclic guanosinmonophophate (cGMP) during the normal course of pregnancy and postpartum. ...
Siristatidis Charalambos - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of intrapartum fetal pulse oximetry, as a predictor of metabolic acidosis at birth of fetuses with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). STUDY DESIGN: We studied 18 IUGR fetuses (group I) and a control group of 30 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses (group II) ...
Battaglia Frederick C - - 2003
Our research has focused on two aspects of IUGR pregnancies: first, the changes in the fetal circulation which progress to fetal circulatory failure, and second, to reduced placental transport for amino acid and carbohydrate. There are sequential changes in fetal velocimetry for 8 different velocimetric indices. Measurements of blood flows ...
Jauniaux Eric - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of ultrasonography and Doppler imaging in characterizing the intervillous circulation in normal and abnormal early pregnancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care academic hospital. PATIENT(S): Eighty-five normal pregnancies and 125 missed miscarriages at 7 to 13 weeks of gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Grey-scale ultrasonography was used to ...
Sgambati E - - 2003
The content and the distribution of the glycoconjugate sugar residues were investigated in the human umbilical cord from normally grown pregnancies and from pregnancies complicated by intra-uterine growth retardation with absent or reversed flow in the umbilical artery. The gestational age range was 29-41 weeks. For this purpose, a battery ...
Ertan A K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To constitute Doppler flow velocity nomograms for use in obstetric clinics and to analyse the technical infrastructure of constructing Doppler sonography nomograms for clinical use. METHODS: On a cross-sectional study plan basis 602 flow results of 370 pregnant women were used. Pregnancy gestational ages were confirmed with an early ...
Nakatsuka Mikiya - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate uterine perfusion, which regulates uterine receptivity, in women with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: We evaluated the blood flow resistance in the uterine arteries of 104 pregnant women at 4 to 5 weeks' gestation by transvaginal pulsed Doppler ultrasonography (control group, n = 52; ...
Guiot C - - 2003
Thirteen placentas were studied from 5 normal pregnancies and 8 from pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (4 with present, 3 with absent, and 1 with reversed end-diastolic velocities at Doppler interrogation of the umbilical arteries). On immunohistochemically stained slides, the diameter (d) and the wall thickness (t) of the ...
Florio P - - 2003
Inhibin A and inhibin B are glycoprotein hormones produced by human placenta and by several fetal organs during pregnancy. They are secreted in maternal circulation in increasing amounts from early until term pregnancy, and in umbilical cord blood levels are significantly lower than in maternal serum and do not differ ...
Erdem Ahmet - - 2003
The objective of this study was to examine maternal and fetal endothelin-1 (ET-1) in pregnancies complicated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and to correlate these data with umbilical artery Doppler flow velocity waveforms (FVW). Higher mean maternal (13.8 +/- 6.4 vs 9.2 +/- 3.4 pmol/L, p < 0.05) and fetal ...
Anceschi Maurizio M - - 2003
AIMS: We aimed to establish a cut-off for short term variation (STV) in msec in electronic FHR tracings as a single parameter for the prediction of neonatal acidemia and hypercarbia at birth. METHODS: 195 consecutive cases of singleton pregnancies between 26 to 42 weeks' gestation delivered by cesarean section, with ...
Piazze Juan J - - 2003
AIMS: To correlate maternal-fetal Doppler velocimetry parameters to indices of fetal lung maturity (FLM). METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive third trimester pregnancies in which a pulsed-wave Doppler study, including uterine resistance index (Ut RI), umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA PI), middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI) and the UA/MCA ratio was ...
Nishie Estela N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity with amniotic fluid delta optical density at 450 nm in the prediction of fetal anemia. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study that involved 28 singleton pregnancies that were at-risk for fetal anemia was carried out ...
Edwards Andrew - - 2003
In a retrospective cohort study we have previously shown that administration of betamethasone to women with a pregnancy complicated by absent end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery (UA) is associated with altered UA flow velocity waveforms. To examine this phenomenon further we undertook a prospective study of 30 similar singleton ...
Langenfeld Matthias R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In early pregnancy, a substantial drop in arterial blood pressure occurs, that might be attributed to enhanced vascular nitric oxide synthesis. We investigated whether nitric oxide mediates the vasodilation that occurs in early human pregnancy. METHODS: Resting and stimulated forearm vascular resistance were measured (venous occlusion plethysmograph) in six ...
Van den Bosch T - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the color Doppler and gray-scale sonographic appearance of the uterus after pregnancy, with special attention to the occurrence of areas of enhanced vascularity and placental remnants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study involving 385 consecutive women presenting at their first visit after pregnancy. The uterus was evaluated ...
Maulik D - - 2002
Antepartum fetal surveillance constitutes an essential component of the standards of care in managing pregnancies complicated by pregestational diabetes mellitus. Fetal hyperglycemia is associated with increased oxidative metabolism, hypoxemia and increased brain and renal perfusion without any significant changes in fetoplacental perfusion. Human cordocentesis data show that fetal hypoxemia and ...
Shinagawa T - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the vascular resistance in uterine arteries and the maternal release of adenosine and endothelin-1 in twin gestations with and without preeclampsia. Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry and maternal arterial blood sampling were performed in 14 women with normal singleton gestation, ...
Yu C K H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of transvaginal uterine artery Doppler at 23 weeks of gestation in predicting the development of adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with twin pregnancies attending for routine ultrasound examination at 23 weeks in any one of seven hospitals underwent Doppler assessment ...
Detti Laura - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our review on Doppler ultrasound in obstetrics aims to identify which vessels have a definite clinical role in obstetrics. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of Doppler ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of the intrauterine growth-restricted fetus improves the perinatal morbidity and mortality. However, the timing of delivery ...
Bracero L A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether information from umbilical artery Doppler flow velocity waveforms significantly improves the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome, independently of maternal glycemic control, in pregnancies complicated by diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 277 pregnant women with diabetes were reviewed. Glycemic control was determined by glycosylated hemoglobin ...
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