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O'Dwyer Sabrina L - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To describe the etiology and obstetric outcome in women presenting with pulmonary edema during pregnancy and the puerperium. As a secondary objective, we evaluated the utility of echocardiography in the investigation and management of such women. Methods: Retrospective case note analysis of 53 cases of pulmonary edema that ...
Gei Alfredo A *Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas †Complejo Hospitalario, Caja de Seguro Social, Panama City, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension is a syndrome infrequently associated with pregnancy. Despite advancements in therapy during the past 25 years and encouraging reports of improved outcomes, pulmonary arterial hypertension remains a devastating disease with a significantly reduced lifespan. This disorder should still be considered a contraindication to pregnancy. The decision of a ...
Chometton Sandrine S EA3922, SFR-FED 4234, UFR Sciences Médicales et Pharmaceutiques, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, - - 2014
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause a "fetal alcoholic syndrome" (FAS) in the progeny. This syndrome is characterized by important brain defects often associated to a decreased expression of the morphogenic protein Sonic Hedgehog (Shh). The goal of this study was to verify if a FAS could modify the differentiation ...
Mishra Lipi L Department of Anasthesia, Shrirama Chandra Bhanj Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, - - 2014
We describe a case of a pregnant patient with a large ventricular septal defect (VSD) and pulmonary artery hypertension, presented to the hospital and underwent elective cesarean section under epidural anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. The procedure was uneventful till the patient was discharged on 10(th) day.
Serena Claire C Service d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Hôpital Mère Enfant, 08 avenue Dominique Larrey, 87000 Limoges, France ; Service de Réanimation Polyvalente, CIC 0801, CHU Dupuytren, 02 avenue Martin Luther King, 87000 Limoges, - - 2014
We report four cases of acute pulmonary edema that occurred during treatment by intravenous tocolysis using nicardipine in pregnancy patients with no previous heart problems. Clinical severity justified hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU) each time. Acute dyspnea has begun at an average of 63 hours after initiation of treatment. ...
Kaandorp Joepe J - - 2013
Free radical-induced reperfusion injury is a recognized cause of brain damage in the newborn after birth asphyxia. The xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol reduces free radical synthesis and crosses the placenta easily. Therefore, allopurinol is a promising therapeutic candidate. This study tested the hypothesis that maternal treatment with allopurinol during fetal ...
Nelson P G - - 2013
In normal pregnancy, invasion of the uterus by trophoblasts is followed by dramatic elimination of the rich uterine innervation present in the non-pregnant state, and by remodeling of maternal spiral arteries. In general, the healthy survival of vascular smooth muscle requires innervation, but whether denervation plays a role in stripping ...
Ferando Isabella - - 2013
Gamma (γ) oscillations (30-120 Hz), an emergent property of neuronal networks, correlate with memory, cognition and encoding. In the hippocampal CA3 region, locally generated γ oscillations emerge through feedback between inhibitory parvalbumin-positive basket cells (PV+BCs) and the principal (pyramidal) cells. PV+BCs express δ-subunit-containing GABAARs (δ-GABAARs) and NMDA receptors (NMDA-Rs) that ...
Cabrera V E - - 2012
This study contributes to the research literature by providing a new formulation for the cow replacement problem, and it also contributes to the Extension deliverables by providing a user-friendly decision support system tool that would more likely be adopted and applied for practical decision making. The cow value, its related ...
Mendling W - - 2012
Candida (C.) species colonize the estrogenized vagina in at least 20% of all women. This statistic rises to 30% in late pregnancy and in immunosuppressed patients. The most often occurring species is Candida albicans. Host factors, especially local defense deficiencies, gene polymorphisms, allergic factors, serum glucose levels, antibiotics, psychosocial stress ...
Brooks Virginia L - - 2012
This review briefly describes the changes in baroreflex function that occur during female reproductive life, specifically during the reproductive cycle and pregnancy. The sensitivity or gain of baroreflex control of heart rate and sympathetic activity fluctuates during the reproductive cycle, reaching a peak when gonadal hormone levels increase, during the ...
Cédrin-Durnerin Isabelle - - 2012
To assess effects of estrogen pretreatment in GnRH antagonist protocol. Prospective, randomized multicenter study. Ten private or university-based centers. A total of 472 patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. Randomization by sealed envelopes to receive 17β-estradiol (4 mg/d) or no pretreatment before daily recombinant FSH administration started on the first day of estrogen ...
Lubinsky Mark - - 2012
A three-part hypothesis is proposed to explain the unusual epidemiology of gastroschisis, a congenital abnormality of the abdominal wall, which has a rising frequency, a higher rate in first and young mothers in whites but not blacks, and a unique negative correlation with obesity. The hypothesis involves: (1) An early ...
Berger Brian M - - 2012
Compare outcomes with vaginal gel versus intramuscular progesterone replacement in donor oocyte recipients. A single-center retrospective analysis (January 2004-December 2006) evaluated pregnancy outcomes (serum human chorionic gonadotropin, implantation, clinical pregnancy, delivery, total pregnancy loss rates) for 225 recipients of embryos from donor (aged <32 years) oocytes. Vaginal progesterone gel (Crinone® ...
Negishi Yasuyuki - - 2012
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in providing an appropriate fetal/maternal balance between Th1 and Th2 during pregnancy. The Th1/Th2 balance seems to be regulated mainly by two distinct DC subsets, DEC-205(+) DCs having the capacity to establish Th1 polarization and 33D1(+) DCs to induce Th2 dominance. Pregnancy is ...
Kaludjerovic Jovana - - 2012
Estrogen is a steroid hormone that regulates embryogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation, organogenesis, the timing of parturition, and fetal imprinting by carrying chemical messages from glands to cells within tissues or organs in the body. During development, placenta is the primary source of estrogen production but estrogen can only be ...
Pazos Michael A - - 2012
Pregnancy is a leading risk factor for severe complications during an influenza virus infection. Women infected during their second and third trimesters are at increased risk for severe cardiopulmonary complications, premature delivery, and death. Here, we establish a murine model of aerosolized influenza infection during pregnancy. We find significantly altered ...
Bush N - - 2011
Aim: Cardiac disease is a leading cause of maternal death in the developed world, responsible for one-fifth of all maternal deaths in the UK. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in pregnancy and up to one week postpartum in the UK and ...
Nakajima Yoshiyuki - - 2011
We describe the case of a 30-year-old primiparous woman who had multiple coronary stenoses of unknown cause, and discuss causes and risks in pregnancy in a patient with coronary stenoses and the management and outcome. At 13 years of age, the patient was diagnosed as having multiple coronary stenoses and percutaneous ...
Myers G Robert - - 2011
: Little information regarding the potential implications of drug-eluting stents and clopidogrel on pregnancy exists. : We report a case of a 27-year-old woman who received a drug-eluting coronary stent for an acute myocardial infarction and was started on clopidogrel as treatment. She was on clopidogrel when she conceived and ...
Weisman Carol S - - 2011
To investigate the long-term (6- and 12-month) effects of the Strong Healthy Women intervention on health-related behaviors, weight and body mass index (BMI), and weight gain during pregnancy. Strong Healthy Women is a small-group behavioral intervention for pre- and interconceptional women designed to modify key risk factors for adverse pregnancy ...
McClure Candace K - - 2011
To describe birth outcomes following intentional acute poisoning during pregnancy. California Linked Vital Statistics-Patient Discharge Database, 2000 to 2004. Pregnant women age 15 to 44, who had a singleton live birth or fetal death that occurred between gestational ages 20 and 42 weeks who were discharged from the hospital for ...
Einerson Brett D - - 2011
In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) revised their pregnancy weight gain guidelines, recommending gestational weight gain of 11-20 pounds for women with prepregnancy BMI >30 kg/m(2). We investigated the potential influence of the new guidelines on perinatal outcomes using a retrospective analysis (n = 691), comparing obese women who gained ...
Kowal Christine - - 2011
The study aims to describe overall gestational weight gain among Canadian women and to assess demographic, socio-economic, maternal, and pregnancy-related characteristics of gestational weight gain including uncovering the predictors above or below the range recommended by Health Canada. This study proceeds as a secondary data analysis of the Maternity Experiences ...
Alwasel S H SH Fetal Programming of Disease Research Chair, Zoology Dept., College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2011
Ramadan is an annual period of day-time fasting during which people in Saudi Arabia, including pregnant women, change their diets and physical activity. We recently reported that among babies who were in the second or third trimester of gestation during Ramadan placental growth slowed. We also found that, over the ...
Trabert Britton - - 2011
In utero exposure to steroid hormones may be related to risk of some cancers such as testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT). To determine whether placental characteristics are good surrogate measures of maternal biomarker levels, we evaluated the correlations in mothers of sons at higher (whites, n = 150) and lower ...
de la Torre Lesley - - 2011
We evaluated the impact of adherence to the new Institute of Medicine weight gain guidelines within each prepregnancy body mass index (PPBMI) category on the development of pregnancy-related hypertension (PRH). Patients with singleton term deliveries (≥37 weeks) with documented PPBMI and pregnancy weight gain information were identified from a database ...
Sekhavat Leila - - 2011
The objective of this study was evaluation of excessive pregnancy weight gain effect in non-diabetic women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI on macrosomia of neonate. In a descriptive cross-sectional study, neonate weighs of all term pregnancy in non-diabetic women with normal pre-pregnancy BMI delivered from 2002 to 2004 in Shaheed Sadoughi ...
Park Jeong Eun - - 2010
Objective. The aim of the study was to retrospectively assess what was the optimal gestational weight gain to have better maternal and neonatal outcomes in overweight and obese Korean women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who maintained normoglycemia throughout pregnancy by dietary modification, exercise, and/or insulin treatment. Study design. We performed a ...
Claesson Ing-Marie - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the effects of a weight-gain restriction program on weight development or weight maintenance 2 years after childbirth. Design. A case-control intervention study. Setting. Antenatal care clinics in the southeast of Sweden. Sample. One hundred and fifty-five obese pregnant women who participated in a weight-gain restriction program with ...
Espinoza Jimmy - - 2010
Congenital anomalies are the leading cause of infant mortality in the United States, and congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defects. Recently, 4-dimensional ultrasonography (4DUS) with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) has been introduced for fetal echocardiography. Accumulating evidence indicates that 4DUS with STIC may facilitate ...
Hale Theodore Mark - - 2011
To evaluate whether National Institute of Child Health and Human Health and Development (NICHD) fetal heart rate categories were predictive of neonatal survival in periviable pregnancies. We reviewed the charts of 57 infants delivered at 23 and 24 weeks' gestation. Fetal heart rate tracings were evaluated following the NICHD 2008 ...
Furushima Hiroshi - - 2010
The case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman, who had had several syncopal episodes during swimming and running at 9 and 10 years of age and whose fetus had 2:1 AV block, is presented. The mother and baby had the same heterozygous single nucleotide substitution in KCNQ1 at T587M. After 27 ...
Voicu I - - 2010
In utero, monitoring of fetal well being or suffering is today an open challenge due to the high number of clinical parameters to be considered. An automatic monitoring of fetal activity, dedicated for quantifying fetal well being, becomes necessary. For this purpose and in a view to supply an alternative ...
Jansson Lauren M LM Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore MD 21224, USA. - - 2011
As part of a double-blind study of medication treatment for opioid dependence during pregnancy, 17 opioid-dependent pregnant women maintained on either buprenorphine or methadone underwent fetal monitoring at 24, 28, 32, and 36 weeks gestation. Maternal demographic information and infant outcomes did not significantly differ by medication group. Earlier in ...
Pietropolli Adalgisa - - 2011
Objective. We monitored the fetal heart rate (FHR) during amniocentesis in fetuses at 16-18 weeks of gestation and investigated whether an abnormal FHR is associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Methods. This prospective study involves 807 women at 16-18 weeks of gestation who underwent genetic amniocentesis. The FHR, expressed as beats for minute, is ...
Park Yong-Jin - - 2010
To quantify changes in fetal heart rate (FHR) parameters after vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) and to evaluate the usefulness of VAS testing (VAST) in anencephalic fetuses. Our findings may also help to clarify the route(s) of vibration and sound transmission during VAST. We obtained the antepartum FHR tracings of 16 anencephalic ...
Strandberg Linn S - - 2010
Congenital heart block develops in fetuses of anti-Ro52 Ab-positive women. A recurrence rate of 20%, despite the persistence of maternal autoantibodies, indicates that there are additional, yet unidentified, factors critical for development of congenital heart block. In this study, we demonstrate that besides the maternal MHC controlling Ab specificity, fetal ...
David Anna L - - 2010
Congenital heart block affects 2% of all mothers with anti-Ro/La antibodies, can cause heart failure in utero, and has a 20% mortality rate in the first 3 years of life. Maternal fluorinated steroids to prevent or reverse congenital heart block can cause pregnancy complications. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been given ...
Rowland James - - 2011
Auscultation of the fetal heart is a common event in antenatal care, in early pregnancy it may be associated with false negative results, which require ultrasound scan to confirm fetal viability. We studied 197 women in early pregnancy to determine the gestational age at which the fetal heart can be ...
Schmid Maximilian - - 2010
To investigate the difference in fetal heart rate of opioid-dependent mothers compared to non-dependent mothers in the first trimester of pregnancy. The data of 74 consecutive singleton pregnancies of mothers enrolled in a maintenance programme for opioid-dependent women was matched to 74 non-exposed singleton pregnancies by maternal age, crown-rump length, ...
Kumar Sailesh - - 2010
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) describes neonatal encephalopathy that is caused by intrapartum asphyxia and it can result in the long term sequelae of cerebral palsy which is a major cause of disability. The incidence of cerebral palsy has not changed over the last few decades and the challenge to obstetricians ...
Saemundsson Y - - 2011
To evaluate the use of fetal hepatic venous Doppler in the diagnosis of fetal extrasystoles, to estimate the prevalence and persistence of extra atrial and ventricular heart beats throughout pregnancy, labor and delivery, and to estimate the frequency of coexisting congenital heart disease. This was a retrospective study of 256 ...
Rabotti Chiara - - 2010
Electrophysiological monitoring of the fetal-heart and the uterine-muscle activity, referred to as an electrohysterogram, is essential to permit timely treatment during pregnancy. While remarkable progress is reported for fetal-cardiac-activity monitoring, the electrohysterographic (EHG) measurement and interpretation remain challenging. In particular, little attention has been paid to the analysis of the ...
Schneider Uwe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Steroid administration to accelerate fetal lung maturation reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality in the case of preterm delivery. Behavioral observations suggest effects on fetal cardiovascular regulation. AIM: We hypothesize that beat to beat heart rate variability (fHRV) derived from fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) will reveal a direct, acute steroidal effect ...
Wolfler A - - 2010
Fetal heart rate (FHR) changes have been reported after regional labor analgesia. In this prospective single-blinded study, we aimed to assess whether epidural analgesia with ropivacaine and sufentanil is associated with significant changes in fetal heart rate. Fetal heart rate traces from 120 women in active labor requesting epidural analgesia ...
Cuneo Bettina F - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to describe an in utero management strategy for fetuses with immune-mediated 2° or 3° atrioventricular (AV) block. The management strategy as applied to 29 fetuses consisted of three parts. First, using fetal echocardiography and obstetrical ultrasound, we assessed fetal heart rate (FHR), heart failure, ...
Ueda Keiko - - 2010
A healthy pregnant woman at 28 weeks of gestation was admitted with complete loss of fetal movement. Fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring showed a fixed flat FHR pattern with no variability. Ultrasound examination revealed no fetal breathing movement. The fetus showed heart failure with extremely diminished left heart contractility. No ...
Buscicchio Giorgia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare individual fetal heart rate (FHR) indices, as determined by computer analysis of the tracing, in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension (PIH), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). METHODS: The study population consisted of 100 pregnant women affected ...
Park Young-Sun - - 2010
To evaluate the correlation of 10 b.p.m.-10 s and 15 b.p.m.-15 s fetal heart rate (FHR) accelerations in gestations before or after 32 weeks using computerized analysis. A combination of amplitude and duration of FHR accelerations, 10 b.p.m.-10 s (Acc10-10) and 15 b.p.m.-15 s (Acc15-15), was analyzed according to gestational ...
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