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Results 401 - 450 of 1290
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Kotini A - - 2001
In this study we investigated the fetal magnetocardiogram recordings (FMCG) in 64 women, 21-30 years old, with single normal pregnancies and gestational ages 28-40 weeks. Spectral analysis was used to quantify heart rate variability and to identify the maturation of the autonomic nervous system. According to our results, there was ...
Sharland G - - 2001
A systematic approach to examination of the fetal heart will enhance the detection of structural cardiac abnormalities and will enable an accurate diagnosis of congenital heart disease to be made. Once an abnormality has been detected appropriate counselling must be provided and adequate support given to the parents. Associated extracardiac ...
Theander E - - 2001
Pregnancies in women with autoantibodies against Ro/SSA and/or La/SSB may be associated with permanent and treatment resistant fetal atrioventricular (AV) block. We describe a patient with primary S ogren's syndrome and anti-Ro (60 kDa and 52 kDa) and anti-La autoantibodies, in whom fetal bradycardia with second-degree AV block was detected ...
Rantonen T - - 2001
Fetal distress changes the function of the autonomic nervous system. These changes are reflected in the fetal heart rate and can be quantified with power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability. The purpose of this study was to find out whether spectral components of fetal heart rate variability (FHRV) during ...
Yanagihara T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To clarify electronic fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring characteristics in pregnancies with preterm delivery before 32 weeks of gestation, using the late second-trimester nonstress test. METHODS: Among 953 children born from 1993 to 1996, we identified 100 singleton infants born before 32 weeks of gestation in whom second-trimester (24-27 ...
Hornberger L K - - 2001
Advances in the prenatal diagnosis of heart disease have improved accuracy in the evaluation of structural heart lesions, dysrhythmia mechanisms, and functional pathology and will lead to better perinatal management and counseling. Additional technical advances will lead to earlier diagnosis, perhaps even during embryonic development. Newer developments, including the transumbilical ...
Salazar E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Definite data in heart surgery with extracorporeal circulation during pregnancy is limited. This report analyzes our experience in this area. METHODS: Fifteen women underwent open heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy at our institution between 1972 and 1998. Surgical procedures included valve replacement in 13 patients (12 mitral, ...
Hosono T - - 2001
Fetal magnetocardiograms (FMCGs) were recorded in a case of fetal complete heart block (CHB) from the 30th to the 37th week of gestation using the multichannel SQUID system (Hitachi, Japan). M-mode ultrasonography and direct fetal electrocardiography using needle electrodes revealed fetal CHB. We identified independent fetal P-waves and QRS complexes ...
Kühnert M - - 2001
AIMS: Routinely antepartal CTG will be recorded for 30 minutes to obtain normal resting phases, a decrease of irregulatory due to hypoxia or to differentiate these from each other. In case of early onset of hypoxia first pathological findings might only be seen by chance in incidentally recorded CTG. The ...
Frusca T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of maternal corticosteroid administration on fetal behavior and heart rate variation using computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) in a selected group of growth retarded fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty singleton pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction were enrolled in the study before 34 weeks of gestation. All of ...
King T - - 2000
The purpose of electronic fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring is the ongoing assessment of fetal oxygenation. FHR tracings are analyzed for characteristic patterns that signify specific hypoxic or nonhypoxic events. A working knowledge of fetal physiology and the fetal response to hypoxia can aid and refine clinical interpretation of FHR ...
Goodwin L - - 2000
Multiple randomized clinical trials have been unsuccessful in providing evidence of efficacy of electronic fetal monitoring; thus, there is renewed interest in intermittent auscultation during labor for women with low-risk pregnancies. Auscultation must be used with palpation or external or internal electronic monitoring of uterine contractions. Auscultation and palpation require ...
Nijland M J MJ Laboratory for Pregnancy and Newborn Research, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Veterinary Medical College, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2000
Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring has an unacceptable false-positive nonreassuring rate, which results in an excess of operative interventions. As a more objective measure of fetal oxygenation, fetal scalp pulse oximetry has been used to assess fetal blood oxygen saturation (SO (2)). The current devices use reflectance oximetry, which has ...
Brackley K J - - 2000
The development of hydrops fetalis in cases of isolated complete heart block is associated with a very poor prognosis. Various pharmacological strategies have been proposed, involving both direct fetal access and transplacental therapy, with inconsistent results in small numbers of subjects. The optimal antenatal management will remain uncertain until multicentre ...
Zimmer E Z - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of maternal oral glucose ingestion on antepartum FHR indices in normal pregnancies at term. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was performed on 44 non-laboring healthy women with normal singleton pregnancy at 37-40 weeks gestation. All women had a normal oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 ...
Voss A - - 2000
Heart rate variability is a relevant predictor of cardiovascular risk in humans. However, to use heart and blood pressure (BP) variability or baroreflex sensitivity as markers for hypertensive pregnancy disorders, it is first necessary to describe these parameters in normal pregnancy. To accommodate the complexities of autonomic cardiovascular control we ...
Levine D - - 2000
PURPOSE: A fetal echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) is most commonly a normal variant in a normal fetus, but owing to reports of an increased risk of aneuploidy with EIFs, the finding causes concern when noted on routine obstetric sonograms. This study was undertaken to determine which factors influence the sonographic ...
Allan L D - - 2000
Evaluation of the fetal heart can be readily incorporated into the obstetric ultrasound examination and need not add more than a few minutes to the examination. Correct analysis of the four-chamber view and both outflow tracts will exclude the majority of serious congenital heart disease. Where cardiac malformations are identified ...
Tulzer G - - 2000
The prevalence of congenital heart disease increases with increasing NT, and many defects can be detected by echocardiography performed by a specialist at 13 to 17 weeks. There is increasing evidence that a prenatal diagnosis improves fetal outcome. Physiology and pathophysiology of the human fetal pulmonary circulation play an important ...
Panburana P - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the fetal heart rate at 10-14 weeks and birthweight at term. At the fetal medicine unit, Ramathibodi Hospital, the screening for Down's syndrome at 10-14 weeks' gestation by ultrasound has been ongoing since January 1997. Transabdominal ultrasound examination is ...
Porter M L - - 2000
Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring is routinely used as an indirect measure of fetal oxygenation, yet its value continues to be questioned. With a nonreassuring fetal heart rate pattern, the clinician often needs additional information about fetal oxygen status. Fetal pulse oximetry is a new fetal assessment technology. After consideration ...
Thaler I - - 2000
Adverse perinatal events affecting cerebral functions are a major cause of neonatal mortality, morbidity, and long-term neurologic deficit. Intrapartum fetal EEG, which records fetal brain electrical activity, provides a monitoring modality for evaluating the fetal CNS during labor. In this study, we describe a new approach to such monitoring that ...
Taylor G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a computerised algorithm for the interpretation of the characteristics of fetal heart rate monitoring in labour. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Labour ward in a tertiary hospital. SAMPLE: Intrapartum cardiotocograms from 24 pregnancies. METHODS: A computerised algorithm was developed to assess the fetal heart baseline ...
Lunshof S - - 2000
In 9 pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction, 24-hour fetal heart rate recordings were made before and after betamethasone treatment to study the influence of cortisol on diurnal fetal heart rate rhythms. Maternal and fetal rhythms were correlated and did not change after betamethasone administration. We conclude that diurnal fetal ...
Devoe L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the visual analyses of fetal heart rate tracings by observers according to recent National Institute of Child Health and Human Development interpretative guidelines both with each other and with those of a computerized fetal heart rate analysis and alerting system. STUDY ...
Doubilet P M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a study to determine the upper limits of normal embryonic heart rate at or before 7.0 weeks' gestational age and to assess outcome of pregnancies in which the early embryonic heart rate is rapid. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recorded embryonic heart rates in 2817 sonograms at or ...
Phelan J P - - 2000
The objective of this study was to describe the fetal heart rate patterns and underlying pathophysiologic changes in the brain-damaged fetus. Fetuses with brain damage from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy do not manifest uniform fetal heart rate patterns. However, these fetuses do show distinct fetal heart rate patterns that permit categorization ...
Mahli A - - 2000
Women with underlying rheumatic heart disease, even if well compensated, can easily be affected by acute heart failure caused by out-of-the-ordinary cardiorespiratory requirements during pregnancy. In such cases, medical therapy is not always sufficient to drive a heart, and open heart operation might be necessary. Many factors associated with cardiac ...
Kaita T M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We wanted to assess changes in fetal oxygenation during maternal epidural or paracervical analgesia in labor. METHODS: A prospective, open and non-randomized study. Twenty healthy parturients were enrolled before they asked for pain relief. Informed consent was obtained. Fetal and maternal oxygen saturations were measured before and up to ...
Inturrisi M - - 2000
Improvements in surgical techniques and anesthesia allow women the option to schedule needed surgery during pregnancy. However, perioperative monitoring of the fetus and uterine activity remains a matter of controversy. Monitoring may allow rapid improvement of the fetal status or uterine activity when early compromise or contractions are detected. The ...
Feinstein N F - - 2000
Intermittent auscultation (IA) has been reported as equivalent to electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) as a fetal surveillance method in terms of neonatal outcomes based on randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. Despite recommendations to include IA as a primary method for fetal evaluation, EFM use predominates. Understanding the equipment, method, benefits ...
Agarkova I - - 2000
Myomesin is a structural component of the M-band that is expressed in all types of striated muscle. Its primary function may be the maintenance of the thick filament lattice and its anchoring to the elastic filament system composed of titin. Different myomesin isoforms have been described in chicken and mice, ...
Yang C C - - 2000
Previous work from our laboratory using heart rate variability (HRV) has demonstrated that women before menopause have a more dominant parasympathetic and less effective sympathetic regulations of heart rate compared with men. Because it is still not clear whether normal or preeclamptic pregnancy coincides with alternations in the autonomic functions, ...
Parer J T - - 2000
Fetal heart rate monitoring was introduced in the 1960s. After a number of randomized controlled trials in the mid 1980s, doubt arose regarding the efficacy of fetal heart rate monitoring in improving fetal outcome. The potential reasons why fetal heart rate monitoring has not been shown to be efficacious are ...
Simpson J M - - 2000
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome may be accurately diagnosed during fetal life. Prenatal diagnosis provides the opportunity for parents to make an informed choice about their options, including surgery, nonintervention postnatally or termination of pregnancy. Short to medium term survival continues to improve for a condition that was previously invariably lethal. ...
Nordström L L Departments of Obstetrics & Gynaecology South Hospital, S-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2000
To assess the fetal metabolic effects of intrapartum maternal tocolysis with terbutaline in the presence of fetal heart rate abnormalities, with a special emphasis on lactate concentration, in view of its potential use as a marker of fetal condition. Descriptive study. Two labour wards, National University Hospital, Singapore, and Ostersund ...
Kuo C D - - 2000
To understand the sequential response of the autonomic nervous system to pregnancy, we studied heart rate variability in 23 first trimester, 23 second trimester and 21 third trimester pregnant women. Twenty non-pregnant women were recruited as controls. Time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability in three recumbent positions ...
Keunen H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of the PR interval and fetal heart rate during repetitive umbilical cord occlusions in immature sheep fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: In seven chronically cannulated immature sheep fetuses [gestational age 90.6 days (mean)], we analyzed continuous fetal electrocardiogram recordings during repetitive cord occlusions for 2 out of ...
Strachan B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to analyze the relationship between the fetal electrocardiogram and arterial pH and base excess at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: In the labor wards of three teaching hospitals a retrospective observational study was conducted on fetal monitor recordings of 679 women for whom there was an indication ...
Bernardes J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess interobserver agreement in antepartum estimation of fetal heart rate (FHR) baselines in twins. STUDY DESIGN: Two residents and one specialist in obstetrics and gynecology, all with special interest in FHR monitoring, independently estimated baselines in 162 consecutive antepartum FHR tracings recorded in 24 twins. Tracings were obtained ...
Thornburg K L - - 2000
The basic mechanisms that underlie alterations in the physiology of pregnancy are virtually unknown. Basal oxygen consumption increases by some 50 mL/min in pregnant women at term. Blood volume increases gradually over gestation as does red cell mass. Cardiac output increases by some 50% by mid-third trimester. Stroke volume and ...
Kjellberg U - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The Sonoclot analyser provides global measurement of haemostasis, including plasma coagulation, platelet function and fibrinolysis. Benefits of its use in cardiovascular and hepatic surgery are well-documented and it may be useful in managing obstetric complications. The aim of this study was to determine ranges of the Sonoclot variables for ...
Tharmaratnam S - - 2000
The term 'fetal distress' should be replaced by 'suspected fetal compromise' because the diagnosis of 'fetal distress' is often unproven. Cardiotocography remains the cornerstone of making the diagnosis, but as a test it is renowned for its high sensitivity and low specificity. It has reduced intrapartum fetal mortality but not ...
Gembruch U - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the dimensions of the cardiac chambers and the great arteries in the human fetus may be helpful in the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. The purpose of this prospective cross-sectional study was to compile normative data in fetal cardiac measurements in early pregnancy. The structure of ...
Dellinger E H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the ability of a clearly defined classification system for electronic fetal heart rate monitoring to predict early neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: All labors of women with singleton pregnancies > or = 32 weeks' gestation electronically monitored at 2 institutions were examined. ...
Kulier R - - 2000
Prophylactic tocolysis with betamimetics and other agents has become widespread as a treatment for fetal distress. Uterine relaxation may improve placental blood flow and therefore fetal oxygenation. However there may also be adverse maternal cardiovascular effects. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of tocolytic therapy for ...
Boehm F H - - 1999
Intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring is commonly used to evaluate fetal status in labor, despite a lack of convincing randomized studies to support its use. The National Institutes of Health have helped standardize fetal heart rate monitoring terminology with their 1997 task force report, which will aid clinicians and scientists ...
Porter T F - - 1999
Both VAS and scalp stimulation are useful in the evaluation of fetal compromise by decreasing the number of falsely abnormal FHR tests and limiting the number of unnecessary interventions, thus improving the efficiency of antepartum and intrapartum FHR monitoring. As is true for all types of fetal assessment using FHR ...
McNamara H M - - 1999
The goal of intrapartum surveillance and its further development is better patient care for both the fetus and the gravida. A normal FHR pattern is usually associated with the delivery of a normal well-oxygenated infant; however, a nonreassuring FHR is not always associated with the delivery of a compromised infant. ...
Bhatia S C - - 1999
ECT was administered in two patients during the third trimester of pregnancy. Patient A experienced uterine contractions following the second, third, and sixth treatments. Tocolytic therapy was needed only after the third treatment. Also, following the third treatment, we observed decreased fetal heart rate variability and uterine contraction-related late cardiac ...
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